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Intelligence and Secret Service

Definition of Terms:

Intelligence Agency - is a government agency responsible for the collection,analysis

or exploitation of information and intelligence in support of law
enforcement,national security,defense and foreign policy objectives.

Intelligence Officer - is a person employed by an organization to collect,compile and

analyze information which is used to that organization.

Counter Intelligence - refers to effort made by intelligence organizations to prevent

hostile or enemy intelligence organization from successfully gathering and
collecting intelligence against them.

Human Intelligence - category of intelligence derived from information collected and

provided by human sources.

Dead Drop/Dead Letter Box - is a method of espionage trade craft used to pass
items between 2 individuals using a secret location and thus not require to meet

Live Drop - 2 persons meet to exchange items or information.

Dead Drop Spike - is a concealment device used to hide

money,maps,documents,microfilm and other items.

Cut-Out - is a mutually trusted intermediary,method or channel of

communication,facilitating the exchange of information between agents.

Espionage/Spying - involves a government or individual obtaining information that is

considered secret of confidential without the permission of the holder of the

Agent Handling - is the management of agents,principal agents and agent networks

by intelligence officers typically known as case officers.

Case Officer - is an intelligence officer who is trained specialist in the management

of agents and agent network.

Agent - acts on behalf of another whether individual,organization or foreign

government, works under the direction of a principal agent or case officer.

Cryptography - is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in

the presence of third parties called adversaries.

Eaves Dropping - Is the act of secretly listening to the private conversation of others
without their consent.

Propaganda - is a form of communication that is aimed at influencing the attitude of

a community toward some cause or position.

Flip - apprehended criminals who turn informants.

Snitches - jailhouse informants.

Means of Information Gathering


Intelligence Cycle - is the process of developing unrefined data into polished

intelligence for the use of policy makers.
1. Direction - intelligence requirements are
determined by a decision maker to meet his/her
2. Collection - is the gathering of raw information
based on requirements.
3. Processing - converting the vast amount of
information collected into a form usable by
4. Analysis - conversion of raw information into
intelligence. It includes:
(1) integrating
(2) evaluating
(3) analyzing data and preparing intelligence
5. Dissemination - is the distribution of raw or
finished intelligence to the consumer whose needs
initiated the intelligence requirement.
6. Feedback - is received from the decision maker
and revised requirement issued.

Evaluation - systematic determination of merit, worth and significance of something

or someone using criteria against a set of standards.

Collation - is the assembly of written information into a standard order.

Crime Triangle
1. the offender
2. the victim
3. the location

Crime Intelligence - information compiled, analyzed and/or disseminated in an effort

to anticipate, prevent, or monitor criminal activity.

Strategic Intelligence - information concerning existing patterns or emerging trends

of criminal activity designed to assist in criminal apprehension and crime control
strategies for both short and long term investigative tools.

Tactical Intelligence - information regarding a specific criminal event that can be

used immediately by operational units to further a criminal investigation plan
tactical operations and provide for officer safety.

Open Source - refers to any information that can be legitimately obtained e. free on
request, payment of a fee.

Source - the place or person from which information is obtained.

Intelligence Assessment - is the development of forecasts of behavior or

recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organization based on a
wide range of available information sources both overt and covert.

Intelligence Analysis - is the process of taking known information about situations

and entities of strategic, operational, or tactical importance, characterizing the
known and with appropriate statements of probability. the future actions in those
situations and by those entities.

Cryptanalysis - from the Greek word Kryptos-hidden and Analyein-to loosen or to

unite - is the art of defeating cryptographic security systems and gaining access to
the contents of encrypted messages without being given the cryptographic key.