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WORK INSTRUCTION

DEE
DEVELO
PMENT
ENGINE
ERS LTD

CORRECTION OF FLANGES
SERRATION

Doc No.

DDEL/WI/SEF/001

Rev.
Date

00
29.09.16

Page

Page 1 of 4

WORK INSTRUCTION FOR


CORRECTION OF FLANGES SERRATION

DOCUMENT NO.
DDEL/WI/SEF/001 Rev-00

DEE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERS LIMITED

00

29.09.16

Initial Issue

REV.

DATE

DESCRIPTIO
N

Achintya kr
Samant
a
PREPARED BY
(QA MANAGER)

Ajay Kumar
Goel
APPROVED BY
(QA/QC HEAD)

DOCUMENT REVISIONS

ACCEPTED
BY

WORK INSTRUCTION
DEE
DEVELO
PMENT
ENGINE
ERS LTD

CORRECTION OF FLANGES
SERRATION

Doc No.

DDEL/WI/SEF/001

Rev.
Date

00
29.09.16

Page

Page 2 of 4

INDEX

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

SCOPE
REFERENCE STANDARD
RESPONSIBILITY
ASSESSING IMPERFECTIONS ON FLANGE SERRATION
RE-SERRATION PROCEDURE
ACCEPTANCE OF FLANGE SERRATIONS

WORK INSTRUCTION
DEE
DEVELO
PMENT
ENGINE
ERS LTD

1.

CORRECTION OF FLANGES
SERRATION

Doc No.

DDEL/WI/SEF/001

Rev.
Date

00
29.09.16

Page

Page 3 of 4

SCOPE:
Assess the imperfections on raised face flanges and carrying out correction of
serration by this procedure.

2.

3.

REFERENCE STANDARD:
ASME B16.5
ASME B16.47
RESPONSIBILITY:
The onus of detecting imperfection and repairing those lies with Production
engineer and QC engineer assigned to the project.

4.

ASSESSING IMPERFECTIONS ON FLANGE SERRATION


4.1 Permissible imperfections as per NPS are to be referred from Table 3, clause 7.3
and 7.4 of ASME B16.5 and Table 30, clause 7.1 and 7.2. Of ASME B16.47.
4.2 Imperfections shall be separated by a distance of at least 4 times the maximum
radial projection. Imperfections less than half the depth of serrations shall not be
considered cause for corrections.
4.3 Damage if any identified shall be marked photographed and documented in
inspection report / NC.
4.4 Beyond the acceptance limits stated above, flange facing shall be re-serrated as
per this procedure.

5.

RE-SERRATION PROCEDURE
Assessing whether the flange facing can be machined or not:
5.1 Re-serration by machining of raised face
a) Checking of Raised face height
b) If the thickness of raised face is more than acceptable limit as per standard
requirement then raised face shall be retooled up to depth of the imperfection
and re-serrated as per the standard.
c) If the thickness of raised face is not adequate to remove the imperfection and
making the serration then the following process shall be followed:5.2 Machining of flange thickness to increase the height of raised face
a) Measure the thickness of flange thickness : If the thickness of flange thickness
is more than the acceptable limit as per standard requirement then machining
the thickness of the flange thickness to increase the height of the raised face
up to certain limit which is required to remove the imperfection and reserrated the raised face.
5.3 Repair by welding
a) In repairing a flange face, it may be necessary to use weld metal to either fill a
local area (for example, a gouge or a scratch) or to weld build up the base
metal or existing weld overlay face.
b) Where the flange is to be repaired by welding, the area where the build-up is
to be applied shall be free of any residue, corrosion deposits, etc., that would

WORK INSTRUCTION
DEE
DEVELO
PMENT
ENGINE
ERS LTD

c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)

j)

CORRECTION OF FLANGES
SERRATION

Doc No.

DDEL/WI/SEF/001

Rev.
Date

00
29.09.16

Page

Page 4 of 4

unduly affect the weld. Cleaning may be by mechanical or chemical


procedures
Area to be repaired shall be examined prior to performing the weld build up
using an appropriate
NDE method to determine the integrity of the base metal.
Welding procedures and welder qualifications shall comply with the
requirements of ASME section IX.
The filler metal, welding technique, welder qualifications, and heat treatment
(if any) shall be
selected to meet service and metallurgical requirements
post weld heat treatment shall be performed prior to flange face machining if
required by an applicable new construction or post-construction code
Post weld heat treatment is not required if the thickness of the weld metal
build up is less than the maximum allowable fillet weld throat thickness
Post weld heat treatment should also be carried out where service /process
requirements dictate.
The finished machined surface shall also be examined by MT or PT, and
imperfections in excess of the standard applicable to new flanges, or as
specified by the user, shall be repaired and re-examined by the method that
discovered the imperfection.
After completion of above activities, the flange face shall be subjected to
machining and re-serrated as per standard requirements.

ACCEPTANCE OF FLANGE SERRATIONS


6.1 The flange facing is inspected visually and serration is measured to Roughness
average Ra standards. The standard Ra is 125-250 microns.
6.2 Under-thickness of a raised face due to refinishing shall be acceptable, provided
the minimum finished
height of the raised face is 0.8 mm (0.031 in.).
6.3 The corrected serrations will be checked as per standard requirements by QC
Engineer and if found OK will be released for further process.
6.4 On due acceptance by Owner the same flanges will be used for piping fabrication.