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Aliasing

Aliasing is a well known phenomenon in sampled data analysis. It occurs when the signal
being sampled has components at frequencies higher than the Nyquist frequency, which is
equal to half the sampling frequency. Aliasing is a consequence of the fact that after
sampling, every periodic signal at a frequency greater than the Nyquist frequency looks
exactly like some other periodic signal at a frequency less than the Nyquist frequency.
For example, suppose we add a 30 cycle per second periodic component to our sampled
data sequence u(t). The power spectrum of the augmented signal is shown in the figure
below.

Because the frequency of the new component is above the Nyquist frequency of 25 cycles
per second (25 = 1/(2*delt)), the power spectrum shows the contribution of the new
component as an alias at 20 cycles per second.
To prevent aliasing, frequency components of a signal above the Nyquist frequency must be
removed before sampling.

Sapalaran, Ma. Carmela P.

Sampling
Uniform sampling is a type of sampling used very often it is
described by the relation:
X(n) = Xa(nT), - < n <
where x(n) is the discrete-time single obtained by taking samples
of the analog xa(t) every T seconds. The time interval T between
successive samples is called the sampling period or sample
interval, its reciprocal 1/T is equal to the sampling rate or
sampling frequency, Fs or also known as sampling frequency.
Periodic sampling establishes a relationship between time
variables t and n of continuous-time and discrete-time signals
respectively.
For continuous-time signal sinusoidal signal:
X(t) = Acos(t + ) where t is a continuous variable
Aliasing
Aliasing is a well known phenomenon in sampled data analysis. It
occurs when the signal being sampled has components at
frequencies higher than the Nyquist frequency, which is equal to
half the sampling frequency. Aliasing is a consequence of the fact
that after sampling, every periodic signal at a frequency greater
than the Nyquist frequency looks exactly like some other periodic
signal at a frequency less than the Nyquist frequency.