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Security Cooperation in Southeast Asia:

Security Cooperation in Southeast Asia:


International Security Challenges

Professor Carl Thayer
Presentation to [deleted]
Presentation to [deleted]
June 9, 2010
Introduction
• Security –– what is being secured?
Security what is being secured?
• National Security
• Collective security
• Cooperative security
Cooperative security
• Comprehensive security
– National resilience/regional resilience
• Human securityy
• Sub‐regional  • US PACOM 
multilateralism Theatre 
• FPDA E
Engagement
• ReCAAP
Middle 
Hierarchical 
Hierarchical
powers 
under U.S. 
operating 
Leadership
as equals

Exclusive 
Exclusive ASEAN‐led 
ASEAN led
East Asian  multi‐
Regionalism lateralism
• ASEAN Plus  • ASEAN Regional 
Three (China,  Forum
Japan, South  • ADMM‐Plus
Korea)
Five Power Defence Arrangements
Five Power Defence

Malaysia

United 
Singapore
Kingdom FPDA 
C
Consultative 
lt ti
Forum

New 
Zealand
Australia
Traditional U.S. Alliance Network

Japan

South 
ANZUS
Korea
Hub and 
spokes
USA
Thailand Taiwan

Philippines
pp
Hierarchical U.S.‐Led
Hierarchical U.S. Led

Allies Australia Philippines Thailand

Strategic  Singapore
g p
P t
Partners

Potential  I d
Indonesia
i M l i
Malaysia  Vi t
Vietnam
Partners
ASEAN‐led
ASEAN led Multilateralism
Multilateralism
ASEAN Regional Forum
ASEAN Regional Forum
Brunei China Myanmar
y
Indonesia European Union Cambodia
Malaysia Japan Mongolia
Philippines South Korea North Korea
Singapore New Zealand
New Zealand India
Thailand PNG Pakistan
Vietnam Russia Timor Leste
Timor‐Leste
Australia United States Bangladesh
C d
Canada L
Laos S iL k
Sri Lanka
Security Dialogue Forum
Security Dialogue Forum
ASEAN 
Summit

Consultative 
Council

Political 
Economic  Socio‐Cultural 
Security 
y
Council Council
Council
Defence Sectoral Group
ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting
ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting
• ASEAN 
Defence
ADSOM
Senior 
Officials

ADSOM 
Working 
Group

• National 
Defence & 
NADI
Security 
Security
Institutes
ASEAN Defence Ministers
ASEAN Defence Plus
Ministers Plus
China

Russia USA

New 
e
A t li
Australia ADMM Zealand

South 
Japan
Korea

India
Exclusive East Asian Regionalism
g

China

Japan ASEAN

South 
Korea Focus on non‐traditional security
Australia and the Region
Australia and the Region
Australia

U.S. alliance 
network
FPDA & 
bilaterals
ASEAN‐led 
multi‐
lateralism
Australia and the Region
Australia and the Region