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Technical Support Note

TSN-3GBTS-SW -0181

3G - 3G RX Diversity
sharing with Flexi
Multiradio WCDMA BTS
Radi o Networks
Fl exi Multi radio BTS W CDMA
This document contains following
type of information
Informative

Preventive
Corrective
Additional categorization
Urgent
Security
Release Upgrade
SW Update
Information is classified as
Internal
Public
Customer Specific

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Table of Contents
1. Validity......................................................................................................................................... 3
2. Compatibility / Dependencies to other products ........................................................................... 3
3. Keywords .................................................................................................................................... 3
4. Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 3
5. Supported configurations ............................................................................................................. 3
6. Cabling Instructions ..................................................................................................................... 5
6.1 Additional RX Gain parameter compensation of additional LNA gain ...................................... 6
6.1.1 Values for Additional RX Gain parameter LNA gain of different RF module variants............ 7
6.1.2 Example Antenna line settings in commissioning wizard of Site Element Manager ............. 9
6.2 Commissioning of MHA settings ............................................................................................... 10
6.2.1 Example of commissioning of the MHA settings in commissioning wizard of Site
Element Manager
...................................................................................................... 10
6.3 RX Signal level monitoring ...................................................................................................... 14
6.4 Commissioning RX div sharing by defining the Virtual MHA is not recommended .................... 15
7. References ................................................................................................................................ 15
8. Disclaimer ................................................................................................................................. 16
Contact:
Contact your local Nokia Siemens Networks support.

Summary of changes:
02-July-2013

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Purpose
This Technical Support Note document describes how to configure RX Diversity Sharing
into use between the two NodeB.

1. VALIDITY
Product

Release

Flexi WCDMA BTS software release


Flexi WCDMA BTS software releases

WN6.0 MP4.x
WN7.0 x.x

2. COMPATIBILITY / DEPENDENCIES TO OTHER PRODUCTS


N.A

3. KEYWORDS
RX diversity sharing, commissioning, RX out, uplink diversity, RAN2514, Additional RX
Gain, RX div

4. SUMMARY
This document describes how to configure RX Diversity Sharing in to use. This allows Rx
diversity over two Flexi Multiradio RF-modules operating in the same frequency band.
In this solution, the RX diversity is gained by cross connecting the RX main uplink signals
led trough the RX out interface (located at the front panel of the Radio Module).
Setting of the Additional RX Gain parameter is required in the BTS commissioning for
the diversity antenna branches. Value of the Additional RX Gain parameter is depending
on product variant of RF module.

5. SUPPORTED CONFIGURATIONS
RX sharing capability of Flexi Multiradio RF-modules enables operators to reduce site
complexity and site upgrade costs by reusing and leveraging the existing antenna system
for an additional Node B.

2 antenna feeder lines instead of 4


Only one X-Pol antenna per sector
No need for Multiradio Combiner (MRC)
Enables easier implementation of additional NobeB to a hot spot location

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Antenna Sharing

RFM 2100

Iub
NodeB #1
System module

Iub

NodeB #2
System Module

RFM 2100

Figure 1 System schematic of RX shared BTS site


In this solution, RX main branch is provided for the Node B from TX antenna branches,
whereas the RX diversity is gained by cross connecting the uplink signals led trough the
RX out interface (located at the front panel of the Radio Module).
With the RX diversity sharing same configuration principles are applying than with the
common A-type BTS configuration. Below is a example of typical site HW configuration
with RX diversity sharing.

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Figure 2 Typical site HW configuration with RX sharing


In RX diversity sharing all the uplink carriers of the cells must fit inside the RX bandwidth
of Radio module, which for example is 20 MHz for FRGP (2100 MHz) and FXDA
(900MHz). The restriction need to be taken into account when planning the carrier
frequencies for the RX sharing BTS Site
In case of a small margin in available frequency band, the Over ride nominal frequency of
filter center option in BTS commissioning can be utilized to fit the carriers to RX band.

6. CABLING INSTRUCTIONS
RF cabling for the RX diversity sharing is cross fed from the Radio Modules Rx out
interface to the other Radio Modules Rx div. The main antenna interfaces (TX/RX main)
are cabled normally and also optical cables between system module and radio module are
connected normally.

PWR IN

Ant 6
Rx

Ant 5
Tx/Rx

Ant 5
Rx Out
EAC

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PWR IN

Ant 6
Rx
Ant 5

Ant 4
Rx

Ant 3
Tx/Rx

Ant 3
Rx Out

Ant 5
Tx/Rx

Ant 4

Approved
Rx 1.0
Ant 3

Ant 2
Rx

OPT 1

Ant 3
Tx/Rx

Ant 1
Tx/Rx

Ant 1
Rx Out
OPT OPT
2
3

Ant 2
Rx
Ant 1

Ant 1
Tx/Rx

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Figure 3 Cross connection cabling of RX div antenna connectors


A cable kit has been prepared for implementing the required cross connections for RX
Diversity Sharing, NSN product code 472454A RDSA Rx Diversity Sharing Kit 2m.
The kit includes 6 cables and thus can cover the connections between two triple RFmodules i.e. three sectors.

Figure 4 A cable of RDSA kit.

6.1 Additional RX Gain parameter compensation of additional LNA gain


BTS commissioning is proceeded normally according to the used cabling and
configuration, except the antenna line settings. The Additional RX Gain parameter is
required to be set for each diversity antenna line receiving the uplink signal from RxOut
interface of other BTSs RF module.
As illustrated in the block diagram below, the LNA in the Front End of RX Main branches
produces already the needed high gain for the UL signal received from the antenna line.
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This additional gain provided by the other module is required to be compensated by the
Additional RX Gain parameter for achieving correct calculation of reference level in UL.
Additionally, setting the Additional RX Gain parameter enables the LNA in RX div
branch to operate in a low gain mode.

Figure 5 UL signal path when RXOut - RXdiv are cross connected

6.1.1 Values for Additional RX Gain parameter LNA gain of different RF module variants
Operating range of LNA gain is depending on Flexi Multiradio RF Module variant.
Therefore value for the Additional RX Gain parameter need be to set accordingly.

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Table 1 Additional RX Gain value of different radio modules

RF module
FRGP
FRIE
FXCA
FXCB
FXDA
FXDB
FXFA
FXFB
FXEB

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Additional RX Gain (dB)


29
19
29
29
29
29
29
29
29

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6.1.2 Example Antenna line settings in commissioning wizard of Site Element Manager.
Antenna line settings for RX main (ANT1 TX/RX, one sector demonstrated)

Figure 6 Main RX/TX antenna line settings, no changes required for commissioning

Antenna line settings for RX div (ANT2 RX):

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Additional RX Gain
is required to be
set accordingly.

Figure 7 Div RX antenna line settings. Correct value for the additional gain parameter
must be set.

6.2 Commissioning of MHA settings


Commissioning of MHA settings doesnt differ in case of RX div sharing. Whenever there
is a MHA used in the physical antenna feeder lines, commissioning of the MHA settings is
required for the TX/RX main branch in both of the BTS.

6.2.1 Example of commissioning of the MHA settings in commissioning wizard of Site


Element Manager.
BTS #1 master for MHA operation, detects and operates WMHD in AISG mode

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Figure 8 BTS #1 - MHA detected, LNA1 is set in use for the TX/RX main branch

Figure 9 BTS #1 - LNA2 is set to be used for the other BTS (TX/RX main of BTS #2)

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Figure 10 BTS #1 - MHA settings for TX/RX main antenna line need to set as is with a regular
BTS site configuration

Figure 11 BTS #1 - MHA settings for RXdiv antenna line. No any MHA is set in use.

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BTS #2 not controlling MHA operation, MHA type of the LNA2 is commissioned
as Other

MHA type is set as Other for the LNA2


No feeder voltage enabled
MHA Gain is set respectively 12 dBm

Figure 12 BTS #2 - MHA settings for TX/RX main antenna line. MHA type is set as
Other for the LNA2.

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Figure 13 BTS #2 - MHA settings for RXdiv antenna line. No any MHA is set in use.

6.3 RX Signal level monitoring


It is recommended to activate RX Signal Level Monitoring feature for the BTS utilizing the
RX diversity sharing. It is essential for verifying the installation and commissioning as well
for monitoring signal level provided by the other NodeB and its antenna line.

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Figure 14 RX signal level monitoring - RX main and div are at the same level,
configuration was done correctly.

Figure 15 RX signal level monitoring - RX signal level failure, The Additional RX


Gain parameter value was not set when commissioned.

6.4 Commissioning RX div sharing by defining the Virtual MHA


Technical Note 144 describes commissioning of RX sharing with the older 3G BTS SW
releases (WN6.0 MP3.x) where support of the Additional RX Gain parameter did not exist.
This previous way of commissioning by using the Virtual MHA is not necessary and
preferred any more.
Whereas, commissioning with utilizing the Additional RX Gain parameter should be
preferred whenever a new RX sharing site is configured, as it provides simpler, more
straightforward and fault tolerating approach for defining the commissioning and plan
parameters.

7. REFERENCES
TS-3GBTS-SW-0144 RX Diversity sharing between Flexi EDGE BTS and Flexi WCDMA
BTS

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8. DISCLAIMER
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product
defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia
Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is
submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means
without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been
prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full
responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the
process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation.
The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or
performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given as is and all liability arising
in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a
separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens
Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document
are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed
necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document.
Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT
WILL NOKIA SIEMENS NETWORKS BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR
FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA, THAT
MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT.
This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other
intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws.
The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of
Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and
they are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2013. All rights reserved.

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