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Note: If, it appears to the Chief Inspector of Factories that in any factory the

provisions of breathing apparatus is necessary, he may, by order in writing

require the occupier to provide suitable breathing apparatus in addition to the

equipment for light trailer pump or large trailer pump s the case may be”

Rule 66A: Building and Structures No building wall, chimney, bridge, tunnels, road, gallery, stairway, ramp, floor, platform, staging or other structure, whether of a permanent or temporary character, shall be constructed, situated or maintained in any factory, in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.

Rule 66B: Machinery and plant No machinery, plant or equipment shall be constructed, situated, operated or maintained in any factory in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.

Rule 66C: Method of work No process or work shall be carried on in any factory in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.

Rule 66D: Stacking and storing of materials etc No materials or equipment shall be stacked or stored in such a manner as to cause risk of bodily injury.

Rule 66E: [Framed U/S 40-B (2) of the Act] (1) Safety Officer There shall be one Safety Officer for factories employing between one thousand and two thousand workers. There shall be an additional Safety Officer for every two thousand workers or a fraction thereof in excess of two thousand workers.


Qualifications - (a) A person shall not be eligible for appointment as a Safety Officer, unless


(i) possesses a degree of a recognised university or institution in any branch of Engineering or Technology and has practical experience of working in a factory in a supervisory capacity for a period of not less than two years or possesses a degree in Physics or Chemistry from a recognised university or institution and has practical experience of working in a factory in a supervisory capacity for a period of not less than five years, or possesses a recognised diploma in any branch of engineering or technology and has practical experience of working in a factory in a supervisory capacity for a period of not less than five years;

(ii) possesses a degree or diploma in industrial safety recognised by the State Government in this behalf; and

(iii) has adequate knowledge of language spoken by majority of the workers in the region in

which the factory where he is to be appointed, is situated;

(b) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a), any person who-

(i) possesses a degree or diploma in Engineering or Technology of a recognised university or

institution and has experience of not less than five years in a department of the Central Government or State Government which deals with the administration of the Factory Act, 1948 or the Indian Dock Labourers Act, 1934, or

(ii) possesses a degree or diploma in Engineering or Technology of a recognised university or

institution and has experience of not less than five years of full time of training, education, consultancy, or research in the field of accident prevention in an industry or in any institution,

shall also be eligible for appointment as a Safety Officer.

Provided that the Chief Inspector may, subject to such conditions as he may specify, grant exemption from the requirements of this sub-rule, if in his opinion a suitable person possessing the necessary qualifications and experience is not available for appointment;

Provided further that in the case of a person who has been working as a Safety Officer in a factory for a period of not less than three years on the date of commencement of these rules, the Chief Inspector may, subject to conditions as he may specify, relax all or any of the above said qualifications.

(3) Conditions of service - (a) Where more than one Safety Officer are appointed in a factory,

one of them shall be designated as the Chief Safety Officer and shall be the overall in charge of the Safety functions as envisaged in sub-rule (4).

(b) The Chief Safety Officer or the Safety Officer in the case of factories where only one Safety

Officer is required to be appointed, shall be given the status of a senior executive and shall work directly under the control of the Chief Executive of the factory.

(c) The scales of pay and the allowances to be granted to the Safety Officers including the Chief

Safety Officer, and the other conditions of their service shall be the same as those of the officers

of corresponding status in the factory.

(d) Against the order of dismissal or discharge a Safety officer shall have a right of appeal to the


(4) Duties of Safety Officer - (a) The duties of a Safety Officer shall be to advise and assist the

factory management in the fulfillment of its obligations, statutory or otherwise, concerning

prevention of personal injuries and maintenance of a safe working environment.

(b) Without prejudice to the generality of duties in clause (a) a Safety Officer shall have the

following duties, namely:-

(i) to advise the concerned departments in planning and organising measures necessary for the

effective control of person injuries;


to advise on safety aspects in all job studies, and to carry out detailed job safety studies of

selected jobs;

(iii) to check and a valuate the effectiveness of the action taken or proposed to be taken to

prevent personal injuries;

(iv) to advise the purchase and stores departments in ensuring high quality and availability of

personal protective equipment;


to advise on matters relating to plant safety inspections;


to carry out plant safety inspections in order to observe the physical conditions of work and

the work and the work practices and procedures followed by workers and to render advice on

measures to be adopted for removing the unsafe physical conditions and preventing unsafe actions by workers;

(vii) to tender advice on matter relating to reporting and investigation of industrial accidents and occupational diseases;

(viii) to investigate accidents;

(ix) to investigate the cases of occupational diseases contracted and dangerous occurrences

reportable under rule 103;

(x) to advise on the maintenance of such records as are necessary relating to accidents,

dangerous occurrences and occupational diseases;

(xi) to promote setting up of safety committees and act as advisor and convener to such


(xii) to organise in association with the concerned departments of the factory campaigns, competitions, contests and other activities which will develop and maintain the interest of the workers in establishing and maintaining safe conditions of work and procedures; and

(xiii) to design and conduct either independently or in collaboration with the training department of the factory, suitable training and educational programmes for the prevention of personal injuries.

(5) Facilities to be provided to Safety Officers - An occupier of the factory shall provide each

Safety Officer with such facilities, equipment and information as are necessary to enable him to discharge his duties effectively.

(6) Prohibition of performance of other duties - No Safety Officer shall be required or permitted to

do any work which is inconsistent with or detrimental to the performance of the duties prescribed in sub-rule (4).

Rule 66F: [Framed U/S 41-G & 112 of the Act] Safety Committee


In every factory,-


wherein two hundred and fifty or more workers are ordinarily employed; or


which carries on hazardous process as defined in section 2 (cb) of the Act; or


which carries on any manufacturing process or operation declared to be dangerous under

section 87 of the Act; there shall be set up a safety committee, by the occupier.

(2) The representatives of the management on Safety Committee shall include,-

(a) a senior official, who by virtue of his position in the organisation can contribute effectively to

the functioning of the Committee. Such a senior official shall be the Chairman of the safety Committee;

(b) a Safety Officer and Factory Medical Officer, wherever available and the Safety Officer in

such a case shall be Secretary of the Committee;


a representative each from the production, maintenance and purchase departments.


The workers' representatives on this Committee shall be elected by the workers.


The tenure of the Committee shall be two years.


Safety Committee shall meet as often as necessary but at least once in every quarter. The

minutes of the meeting shall be recorded and produced to the Inspector on demand.


Safety Committee shall have the right to, -


ask for necessary information concerning health and safety of the workers; and


seek any relevant information concerning health and safety of the workers.


Functions and duties of the Safety Committee shall include,-


assisting and co-operating with the management in achieving the aims and objects outlined

in the `Health and Safety Policy' of the occupier;

(b) dealing with all matters concerning health safety and environment and to arrive at practicable

solutions to problems encountered;


undertaking educational training and promotional activities;

(e) deliberating on reports of safety environmental and occupational health surveys, emergency

plans, safety audits, risk assessment and implementation of the recommendations made in the reports;

(f) carrying out health and safety surveys and identify causes of accidents;

(g) looking into any complaint made on the likelihood of an imminent danger to the safety and

health of the workers and suggest corrective measures; and


reviewing the implementation of the recommendations made by it.


Where owing to the size of the factory, or any other reason, the functions referred to in sub-

rule (7) cannot be effectively carried out by the Safety Committee it may establish sub- committees as may be required to assist it."

Rule 67: [Framed U/S 41 of the Act] Ladders All ladders used in replacing belts shall be specially made and reserved for that work and provided with hooks or an effective non-skid device. Ladders provided with hooks must have hooks fitted in such suitable position that they rest on the shaft when the bottom end of the ladder is resting on the floor.

Rule 67A: [Framed U/S 41 of the Act]

When any person is required or allowed to work at a place not affording adequate hold and foothold and from which he is liable to fall through a height of or more than 1.80 metre, he shall be provided with a safety belt fitted with leather shoulder straps of not less than 5 cm. In width with a `D Ring at the back and a rope fastened thereon. The other end of the rope shall be securely tied or hooked to same suitable rigid fixture to ensure the safety of the workers. In case it is not possible to tie or hook the other end of the rope of the safety belt to a suitable rigid fixture. The worker shall be provided with some other type of safety belt to ensure the safety of the worker. It shall be the responsibility of the occupier and manager of the Factory to ensure that every worker engaged on such operation shall use these belts and other safety equipment. These belts and other equipment shall be examined and declared fit for use every six months by a competent person. The record of examination of these belts and other equipment by the said competent person shall be maintained in a bound register which shall be produced on demand by an inspector.

Safety belts and other safety equipment

Rule 67B: [Framed U/S 41 of the Act] Fragile roofs - Provisions of crawling boards, etc In any factory, no person shall be required to stand or pass over or work on or near any roof or ceiling covered with fragile material through which he is liable to fall, in case it breaks or gives way, a distance of more than three metres, unless-

(a) suitable and sufficient ladders, duck ladders or crawling boards, which shall be securely

supported, are provided and used; and