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Humanities-Humanitas-Humane- is associated with kindness, consideration,

courtesy, charity.
Humanities is closely linked to human feelings. It aimed to develop for refinement of
human mind through the study of the ancient classics that represent the noblest
and the highest ideas of human aspiration.
The study encompasses a number of branches dealing with all aspects of all human
life and knowledge. The scope of humanities include: archeology, classical
languages, linguistics, literature, music, philosophy and dramatic arts.
The main objective of the study of humanities focuses on the life and achievements
of man.

Humanities is synonymous to art

Art is a representation of the artists experiences communicated by visual symbols.
Its meaning lies on its artistic imitation of objects of reality but in the whole itself
that is the work of art as it arouses the viewers physical pleasure, an emotional
reaction to contemplate on it.
Phenomena of Arts
1. Natural creation of the Divine King
2. Man-made

Characteristics of Arts

Man is the creator of images, for this reason his work is a minor reality
Art is the expression of an artists
Expression of art is manifested in the way the artist used the different
elements of a particular form of arts

1. Visual Arts
2. Literature
3. Music
4. Dance
5. Theater


1. Physical Experiences sensation aroused by observation
2. Emotional Experience stimulation of beauty of color, lines, etc. (elements)
3. Intellectual Experience education/ information gained
4. Religious Experience of being pious, good

Sources of arts subject

1. Christian Religion
2. Mythology and History
3. Legends of Lives of Saints
4. Personal Experience of the Artists


1. Realism copied from real objects, a close expression/ appearance of real thing
2. Symbolism use of other object to represent the meaning of an art piece
3. Abstraction objects are distorted, elongated, some element are changed in
colors, shapes
Elements of Visual Arts
1. Line

5. Materials

2. Forms

6. Volume

3. Color

7. Pictorial/ Perspective

LINE is a pathway of a moving point, it is used to outline the forms/ shape of an

HORIZONTAL LINE runs parallel to the horizon
PARALLEL LINE are lines that run in equal distances with each other.
VERTICAL LINE stands upright and is 90 degrees to the horizon

PERPENDICULAR LINE crosses/ intersects 90 degrees to a given line

INCLINED/ OBLIQUE/SLANTING LINE a line that is more or less than 90
CURVE a series of joined arcs
ARC - part of circumference of a circle

FORMS/SHAPE - is the shape of an object, like geometrical shape; triangle,

square, rectangle, etc.
COLOR or pigment
Characteristics of Color:
1. HUE is the name given to color
2. VALUE - the lightness and darkness of color
3. INTENSITY the brightness and dullness of colors
COLOR HARMONY Organized used of color
A. Harmony of Related Colors
1.) MONOCHROMATIC COLORS use of one color, but of different value
2.) ANALOGOUS COLORS neighboring colors in the Prang ColorChart
B. Harmony of Contrasting Colors
1. COMPLEMENTARY 2 direct opposite colors ex: yellow & violet
2. SPLIT CONTEMPLEMENTARY involves 3 color combinations ex: yellow orange
3. DOUBLE SPLIT involves 4 colors ex: yellow orange, yellow green
4. TRIADIC a.) Primary Triadic RED, YELLOW, BLUE
b.) Secondary Triadic ORANGE, VIOLET, GREEN
General Classification of Colors:
1. Cool Colors :

Yellow Green, Green, Blue Green, Blue, Blue Violet, Violet

2. Warm Colors: Yellow, Yellow Orange, Orange, Red Orange, Red, Red Violet

Elements of Auditory Arts:

1. Rhythm sensation of on-going movement
2. Melody pitches, tones
3. Harmony sound combination
4. Tempo rate of speed: slow, quick, moderate
5. Dynamics amount of strength/ volume of sound
6. Timbre tone color/ quality of sound
Elements of Literature
a. Short Stories
1. Plot sequence of incident
2. Character personality, desposition, spirit
3. Theme -Subject
4. Symbol and Irony symbol has literal meaning in the story, suggest,
- irony a term with a range of meanings, all of them involving some
sort of discrepancy or congruity.
b. Poetry
1. Denotation/ Connotation
Denotation actual meaning of a word
Connotation allied meaning (home suggest warmth, comfort, etc)
2. Imagery representation of sense of experience
3. Figurative Language symbol, image
4. Rhythm & Meter
5. Meaning & idea
c. Essay- a literary compostion on a particular subject
1. The issue introduces
2.The writers viewpoints & thoughts

3. The relevance of the issue to the life of the reader

d. Novel
1. Setting
2. Plot
3. Characters
4. Theme
5. Moral lesson
Elements of Theater:
1. Plot summary of the play/ story
2. Character - players
3. Thought includes ideas & emotion
4. Language - dialogue
5. Theme the heart of the play
6. Climax/ Denouement- climax- turning point;
Denouement the working of the plot following the
7. Music & Spectacle - background
8. Costumes & Make-up
9. Scenery & Lighting