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Open Source Simulation

Engine Analysis Analytical & Numerical Methods
Vol. 1 Structural Mechanics


This handbook is primed to support your design, research and development efforts in engine mechanics.
Packed with numerous examples and best practises from OEMs, suppliers and CAE software vendors it
supplies the guidance you need for designing, developing and optimizing engines.

Basics of Fatigue

Basics of Acoustics

analytical & numerical simulation techniques the use of simulation over the product life cycle
contribution of simulation to sales and profits return on a simulation investment
why to consider fatigue fundamentals of fatigue technology (methodologies, fatigue process, loadings,
limits) linking fatigue and Finite-Element-Analysis (role of geometry, requirements, outcome and
benefits) how to improve fatigue life correlation with testing
fundamentals (wave motion, working with decibels, distance attenuation estimations, addition and
subtraction of decibel levels) human perception of sound engine noise and related simulation
techniques (Finite-Element-Analysis (FEA), Boundary-Element-Method (BEM), Statistical-EnergyAnalysis (SEA), Wave-Based Methods, Acoustic-Transfer-Functions)

Analytical Methods

crankshaft stress analysis (crankshaft design, materials, fillet fatigue strength, fillet stresses)
crankshaft torsional vibrations (vibration equivalent systems, harmonic components of tangential
pressure diagrams, calculation methods) crankshaft bearing analysis (bearing loads, oil film pressure,
oil film thickness) bearing shell analysis (hoop stress in shell, radial pressure between shell and
housing, bearing clearances) connecting rod stress analysis (small/big ends, shank, bolts) piston
pin analysis (evaluation of pin deflections, unit loads in pin bearings, piston pin stresses, evaluation of
permissible deflections) valve train analysis (valve train equivalent systems, rocker arm geometry,
rocker arm ratios, cam design, parameters for the evaluation of the cam design, assessment of input
data, valve spring calculation) cylinderhead bolt analysis oil pump calculations (required pump
capacity, evaluation of actual oil pump discharge volume, power consumption)

Numerical Methods

introduction to Finite-Element-Analysis (fundamentals on FEA, role of geometry, CAD import, cleaning

and healing, element types, how element types effect quality and efficiency, element formulations,
element quality factors, convergence, simulating reality) how analysis complements testing (strengths
and weaknesses of testing and analysis, how analysis and testing complement each other, updating of
FE models) basics of the FE theory(linear static analysis, normal modes analysis, buckling analysis,
heat transfer analysis, nonlinear static analysis, linear dynamic analysis, nonlinear dynamic analysis)
example problems (basic evaluation of a connecting rod, evaluation of a main bearing wall, fatigue
assessment of a crankshaft, dynamics and durability of a crankshaft, NVH behaviour of a passenger car
engine, acoustics of a heavy duty vehicle engine, acoustics of an engine with balancing shafts, hybrid
NVH/durability analyses of engines & components) trends in FEA (more solving power, more
engineering productivity, blurring of traditional lines) choosing the computer system for FEA (software
& hardware requirements)