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A Student Credit Card

Man: Hi, Sis. I just came over to drop off the DVDs you wanted, and . . . Hey, wow!?
Where did you get all of this stuff?
Woman: I bought it. So, what do you think of my new entertainment center? And the
widescreen TV . . .
Man: Bought it?
Woman: . . . and my new DVD player. Here, let me show you my stereo. You can really
rock the house with this one.
Man: But where did you get the dough to buy all this? You didn't borrow money from
mom and dad again, did you?
Woman: Of course not. I got it with this!
Man: This? Let me see that . . . Have you been using Dad's credit card again?
Woman: No, silly. It's mine. It's student credit card.
Man: A student credit card? How in the world did you get one of these?
Woman: I got an application in the mail.
Man: Well, why did you get one in the first place?
Woman: Listen. Times are changing, and having a credit card helps you build a
credit rating, control spending, and even buy things that you can't pay with cash . . . like
the plane ticket I got recently.
Man: What plane ticket?
Woman: Oh yeah, my roommate and I are going to Hawaii over the school break, and
course, I needed some new clothes for that so . . .
Man: I don't want to hear it. How does having a student credit card control spending? It
sounds you've spent yourself in a hole. Anyway, student credit cards just lead
to impulse spending . . . as I can see here. And the interest rates of student credit cards are
usually sky-high, and if you miss a payment, the rates, well, just jump!
Woman: Ah. The credit card has a credit limit . . .

Man: . . . of $20,000?
Woman: No, no quite that high. Anyway, . . .
Man: I've heard enough.
Woman: Did I tell you we now get digital cable with over 100 channels? Oh, and here's
your birthday present. A new MP3 player . . .
Man: Yeah. Oh, don't tell me. Charged on the credit card. Listen. Hey, I don't think having
a student credit card is a bad idea, but this is ridiculous. And how in the world are you
going to pay off your credit card bill?
Woman: Um, with my birthday money? It's coming up in a week.
Man: Hey, let's sit down and talk about how you're going to pay things back, and maybe
we can come up with a budget that will help you get out of this mess. That's the least I can

Key Vocabulary [Top]

Listen to the key vocabulary and sample sentences:
PLAY - Windows Media

stuff (noun): miscellaneous items

- His room is filled with stuff he bought on his credit card.
dough (noun): informal for money
- He didn't have enough dough to buy the TV, so he borrowed
money from his brother.
in the world: used to emphasize something you say
- Why in the world would you buy an expensive TV if you didn't
have enough money?
rating (noun): a measure to show how good something is
- You should look over the ratings for MP3 players before you buy

over (preposition): during

- You shouldn't travel over the weekend because the weather is
expected to be terrible.
spend yourself in a hole (idiom): spend too much that leads to
heavy debt
- Some people spend themselves in a hole because they can't
control their shopping habits.
impulse (noun): a sudden desire
- You can let your impulses to buy stuff get in the way of good
common sense and judgement.
sky-high (adjective): very expensive
- Prices for houses in this area are sky-high, so I'm going to look for
an apartment for the time being.
ridiculous (adjective): absurd, silly, without good reason
- Spending more money than you earn is ridiculous and can lead
you to major financial problems.
pay back (phrasal verb): return money you owe
- Could you lend me $20 if I pay you back by the end of the week.

A Healthy Lifestyle
Man: Honey, the basketball game is about to start. And could you bring some chips and a
bowl of ice cream? And . . . uh . . . a slice of pizza from the fridge.
Woman: Anything else?
Man:Nope, that's all for now. Hey, hon, you know, they're organizing a company
basketball team, and I'm thinking about joining. What do you think?
Woman: Humph
Man: "Humph" What do you mean "Humph." I was the star player in high school.
Woman: Yeah, twenty-five years ago. Look, I just don't want you having a heart attack
running up and down the court.
Man:So, what are you suggesting? Should I just abandon the idea? I'm not thatout of

Woman: Well . . . you ought to at least have a physical before you begin. I mean, it HAS
been at least five years since you played at all.
Man:Well, okay, but . . .
Woman: And you need to watch your diet and cut back on the fatty foods, like ice cream.
And you should try eating more fresh fruits and vegetables.
Man: Yeah, you're probably right.
Woman: And you should take up a little weight training to strengthen your muscles or
perhaps try cycling to build up your cardiovascular system. Oh, and you need to go to bed
early instead of watching TV half the night.
Man: Hey, you're starting to sound like my personal fitness instructor!
Woman: No, I just love you, and I want you to be around for a long, long time.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

Listen to the key vocabulary and sample sentences:
PLAY - Windows Media

fridge (noun): short for "refrigerator"

- I think we need to buy a new fridge. The old one just doesn't cool
hon (pronoun): short for "honey"
- Hon. Could you wake me up early tomorrow morning?
Humph: a word showing disbelief
- Humph. There's no way you can lift all that weight!
abandon (verb): in this case, "give up" the idea
- They had to abandon the plan to build a house due to a financial

out of shape (idiom): in poor physical condition

- I have to start exercising because I'm so out of shape.
physical (noun): a medical examination
- She had to have a physical before she joined the track team.
cut back on (phrasal verb): to reduce
- I have to cut back on the fatty foods I've been eating.
take up (phrasal verb): begin or start
- He has decided to take up cooking in his spare time.
cardiovascular system (noun): your body`s blood circulation
system including your heart, veins, and arteries
- Running at least 30 minutes a day helps improve
your cardiovascular system.

A Hiking Family
My name's Randall Davis, and I'm originally from the state of Indiana in the United
States. When I was 19 years old, I moved to Venezuela in South America, and later
returned to the United States, where I attended Brigham Young University in the
1980s. I majored in Spanish education and TESOL, or teaching English as a second
language. After graduating from college, my wife and I moved to Japan where we
lived for eight years. Now, I work back in the States in Utah.
However, my greatest interests are my family. Years ago, I wanted to make something
of myself in my profession . . . you know . . . get ahead in life. However,
I realized that the most important things in life lived within the walls of my own
home, and today, I try to put them first. My kids wouldn't remember me for the work
I did outside of the home; they would only recallthe moments we spent together.
Therefore, I enjoy spending time with my family. I have four children, and we go
hiking and camping together, usually in Utah. On our hikes, we often talk about life,
and I tell stories or share personal experiences. When I do this, I can focus on the
kids without the distractions of video games or the Internet. Telling stories sounds
easy, but when you have to think of a new story on a hot, 12-kilometer hike through
the desert, you have to come up with ideas off the top of your head.
Now, this doesn't mean we don't have problems; all families facechallenges in their
lives, and our family is no exception. However, we try to talk openly about our
problems, and we try to solve our problems together. Building a strong family takes

time, but it is worth the effort.

Family pictures from
hiking trips in Utah:
Right: Park Avenue,
Arches National Park
Below: Mill Creek
Canyon, Moab, Utah
Bottom Right: Eye of
the Whale, Arches
National Park

Key Vocabulary [Top]

PLAY - Windows Media

make something of oneself (idiom): become successful in a

- My dad never thought I would make something of myself because
I didn't graduate from a prestigious university, but I proved him
get ahead (phrasal verb): become successful in the business
- If you want to get ahead in life, you have to set clear goals.
realize (verb): understand the importance of something
- Many young married couples don't realize how challenging raising
children can be until they have children of their own.
recall (verb): remember something from the past
- I can't recall a time when my parents argued in front of me and my
focus on (verb): pay careful and direct attention to a particular
person or thing
- When people focus too much on their careers, they sometimes
neglect their family's needs.
distraction (noun): something that takes your attention away from
another activity
- Watching too much TV can be a big distraction from building a
good relationship with children.
off the top of your head (idiom): think of something immediately
without preparation
- I felt really embarrassed when I couldn't remember her name off
the top of my head.

A Story to Remember
Police Officer: Hello. 24th Precinct. Officer Jones speaking.

Man: Help. Yeah, uh, it was wild, I mean really bizarre.

Police Officer: Calm down sir! Now, what do you want to report?
Man: Well, I'd like to report a UFO sighting.
Police Officer: A what?
Man: What do you mean "what?" An unidentified flying object!
Police Officer: Wait, tell me exactly what you saw.
Man: Well, I was driving home from a party about three hours ago, so it was about 2:00
AM, when I saw this bright light overhead.
Police Officer: Okay. And then what happened?
Man: Oh, man. Well, it was out of this world. I stopped to watch the light when it
disappeared behind a hill about a kilometer ahead of me.
Police Officer: Alright. Then what?
Man: Well, I got back in my car and I started driving toward where the UFO landed.
Police Officer: Now, how do you know it was a UFO? Perhaps you only saw the lights of
an airplane [No], or the headlights of an approaching car [No]. Things like that happen,
you know.
Man: Well if it was that, how do you explain "the BEAST"?
Police Officer: What do you mean, "the BEAST"?
Man: Okay. I kept driving for about five minutes when all of a sudden, this giant, hairy
creature jumped out in front of my car.
Police Officer: Oh, yeah.Then what?
Man: Well, then, the beast picked up the front of my car and said, "Get out of the car. I'm
taking you to my master!" Something like that.
Police Officer: Wow? A hairy alien who can speak English! Come on!
Man: I'm not making this up, if that's what you're suggesting. Then, when I didn't get out

of the car, the beast opened the car door, carried me on his shoulders to this round-shaped
flying saucer, and well, that's when I woke up along side the road. The beast must have
knocked me out and left me there.
Police Officer: Well, that's the best story I've heard all night, sir. Now, have you been
taking any medication, drugs, or alcohol in the last 24 hours? You mentioned you went to
a party.
Man: What? Well, I did have a few beers, but I'm telling the truth.
Police Officer: Okay, okay. We have a great therapist that deals with THESE kinds of
Man: I'm not crazy.
Police Officer: Well, we'll look into your story. Thank you.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

precinct: the office of a police department in a particular area
- Let's go down to the police precinct and report the burglary.
bizarre: strange or unusual
- That's the most bizarre story I've ever heard.
unidentified: unknown or impossible to determine the origin
- The police were able to capture the criminal through
an unidentifiedsource.
out of this world: unbelievable, incredible
- You have to see his enormous house. It's out of this world.
approaching: coming closer
- Citizens have been urged to flee the area because of
the approachinghurricane.

Airline Security
Security: Excuse me. Do you have any keys or money in your pockets?

Passenger: No. No. I think I've taken everything out.

Security: Okay. Go ahead and walk through the body scanner.
Passenger: Will I feel anything?
Security: No sir. Just walk through and keep your hands in the air.
Passenger: Okay, huh?
[ Security alarm goes off . . . ]
Security: We need to do some additional screening. Sorry, sir. Please come this way.
[What? Did I . . . Did you find something?] Relax sir. Okay? I'm going to open your carryon bag. As I'm going through it, please do not try to touch it. [Okay.] Let's see now.
Hmmm. First of all, sir, you can't take any liquids like this bottled water past this point.
Passenger: Ah. Well, I really can't drink any other kind of water. Sierra Springs is the
only bottled water I drink.
Security: Sorry sir. [Ah . . . ] And, sir. What's this? [What?] No, sir, you cannot bring a
lighter on the plane.
Passenger: But I don't smoke. I mean . . . [You STILL can't bring it on the plane.] But I
have it just in case of emergencies. You know, as an emergency fire starter in case the
plane crashes into a dark forest.
Security: Sir. You'll have to leave that here. What's this?
Passenger: Well . . .Oh. That's my pocket knife.
Security: A pocket knife? It's almost a foot long!
Passenger: Well, it's a special knife given to me by my grandfather, but I only use it
to peel apples and fruit. You know . . . . Things like that.
Security: Sir. I'm sorry, but you can't take that on the plane. In fact, do you have any
other prohibited items in your bag? [Well, I don't . . .] I mean, didn't you read the sign
back there explaining all of the items that were not allowed on board?
Passenger: Well, I started to read it, and I then got a little distracted.
Security: A little? Sir. How many times have you flown on an airplane?
Passenger: Uh, it has been a while. I think the last time I traveled by plane was about, uh,

1960 . . .
Security: Sir. Why don't you come with me? [WHAT?] I think my supervisorwould like to
ask you a few questions.
Passenger: Oh, no!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

additional (adjective): more
- Any additional bags will cost you $50 to take on your trip.
peel (verb): remove the skin of fruit or vegetables
- I usually peel the skin off apples because my kids don't like to eat
prohibited (adjective): not permitted or allowed
- Weapons of any kind are prohibited on the plane.
item (noun): thing
- Please place small items under your seat on the airplane.
distracted (adjective): not paying attention
- The woman was distracted by her cell phone and crashed into the
car in front of her.
supervisor (noun): a person in charge, manager
- Excuse me. I want to talk to your supervisor about my missing

Back to School Supplies

Girl: Dad, I need a few supplies for school, and I was wondering if . . . .
Dad: Yeah. There are a couple of pencils and an eraser in the kitchen drawer, I think.
Girl: Dad, I'm in eight grade now, and I need REAL supplies for
my demandingclasses.

Dad: Oh, so you need a ruler too?

Girl: Dad, I need some high-tech tech stuff like a calculator, a Palm Pilot, and a
laptop computer.
Dad: Uh. I didn't have any of that when I was in middle school, and I did just fine.
Girl: Yeah, and they weren't any cars either, WERE there. [Hey] And things are just
more progressive now.
Dad: Well, we can rule out the hand pilot [Palm Pilot, Dad]. Whatever, AND the
computer . . . unless mom lets you sell the car. And as for the adding machine
[Calculator]. Yeah, I think mine from college is kicking around here somewhere.
Girl: Dad, I need a calculator for geometry, and I have heard you can download free
software from the Internet.
Dad: Great. My daughter will be playing video games in geometry class.
Girl: Dad.
Dad: Okay. How much is this thing going to cost me?
Girl: Well, I saw it at the store for only $99, WITH a $10 mail-in rebate, or you could
buy it online.
Dad: Oh. Do they throw in a few aspirin so your father can recover fromsticker
Girl: Dad. Please!!!. Everyone has one [I've heard that before.] and you always say
you want me to excel in school, and I'll chip in $10 of my own, and I'll even clean up
my room [Hey!!].
Dad: Hmmm, 100 bucks.
Dad: Well, you'll be supporting me in my old age, so, I guess so. When do you need
Girl: Now, right now. [Now!] Mom's already waiting in the car for us. [Huh?] She
said she would buy me an ice cream if I could talk you into to buying it for me today.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

PLAY - Windows Media

demanding (adjective): requiring great effort or work

- My history teacher is very demanding. She expects student to
memorize so many facts.
mail-in rebate (noun): refund or return of money sent to the
purchaser after buying goods
- It took two months to receive my mail-in rebate from that company.
throw in (phrasal verb): add as an extra item
- The computer store threw in a free set of speakers when I bought
a computer.
sticker shock (noun): great surprise at the sales price of an item
- I can't get over the sticker shock of seeing the price of cars these
excel (verb): do well, surpass
- If you really work hard, you can excel in many things in life.
chip in (phrasal verb): add or contribute
- My father chipped in money so I could buy my first laptop.
buck (noun): informal for dollar
- It only costs a few bucks to buy some folders and notebooks for

Baking Cookies
Chef Randall: Well, hello everyone, and welcome to today's show. And joining me
today is my daughter, Ashley, who has had toendure my cooking experiments over
the years.
Are we ready, Ashley? [Ready to eat.] No, let's wait for a few minutes. We'll get to
that. But as you know, my faithful listeners, I starting cooking and baking almost 30
years ago when my grandmother taught me in her humble kitchen. In fact, she taught
almost me everything I know, and I've never attended cooking classes [You should
have . . .] Wait, wait, wait . . . I know my daughter's going to mention to you faithful
listeners that recently as I was helping the kids prepare for our kitchen for chicken
meal, I forgot to take the chicken out of the oven, burned the bird to a crisp, and we
ended up ordering pizza for dinner.

Kids: We had to use the fire extinguisher.

Chef Randall: But that's another story. So, anyway, today I'd like to share with you
our favorite . . . at least my favorite . . . chocolate chip cookie recipe. Now, before
you switch the TV channel, I know what you are thinking. "Another fattening cookie
recipe." But wait. What makes this recipe great is that it offers a wonderful low-fat,
low-calorie, low-cholesterol dessert for the entire family.
Kids: We still like the fat though.
Chef Randall: Well, I know we do. But let's see. We have all theingredients, so we
can start by mixing all of the ingredients, the sugars, the flour, the egg whites, the
low-fat butter, vanilla, baking soda, and a pinch of salt in a large mixing bowl. Then,
we add the mini chocolate chips
Now, my kids would like me to add the big ones but we start with the mini-chocolate
chips. And don't forget to preheat the oven to 350 degrees (Fahrenheit).
And finally, when the cookies are done, take them out of the oven, remove them from
the cookie sheet, and let them cool before their fingers get into them. Did I forget
Kids: Yeah, if you have college-age kids, be sure to make a few extrabatches they can
take back to school for their roommates. And don't forget the kids still at home.
Chef Randall: Oh, well yeah. We can't do that. We can't forget them. And
unfortunately, by the time your kids get the cookies, you, the cook, will be left with a
single cookie - your instant diet plan for you - and a dirty kitchen.
So, that's all for today. On next week's show, we will be showing you how to feed
hungry teenagers on a budget without having to sell the family car. Until then.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

endure (verb): keep doing something unpleasant or difficult
- I can't endure my roommate's cooking for another day. It's terrible!
switch (verb): change
- Can we switch recipes for tonight's dinner? I'd rather have chicken
instead of fish.

entire (adjective): complete or whole

- My daughter prepared the entire meal for the family.
ingredients (noun): materials for cooking
- These are great cookies. What ingredients do you use to make
pinch (noun): a small amount
- The chicken might taste better if you add a pinch of salt and
preheat (verb): heat an oven or stove before you start cooking
- First, you should preheat the oven to 325 degrees before you start
preparing the meal.
batch (noun): a group of similar things, used also with baking
- I don't think two batches of cookies will be enough to feed all of
the guests at the party.

Breakfast Recipes
Daughter: Dad, Dad. What's for breakfast?
Dad: [Dad mumbles something] Daughter: Dad? [What?]
Daughter: What's for breakfast?
Dad: Uh, there's a banana on the kitchen counter. Enjoy.
Daughter: Dad, that banana's all bruised, and it looks like the cat took a bite out of it
last night . . . Dad. Wake up.
Dad: Okay. Uh, there's some cereal in the cupboard. Help yourself.
Daughter: But there's no milk.
Dad: Well, just mix up some powered milk.
Daughter: Ah, no way. That stuff is nasty and warm. Come on, Dad.

Dad: Uh, okay. I guess I could make some pancakes.

Daughter: Uh, no. The last time you made pancakes, they were as hard as a rock.
Even the dog wouldn't touch them.
Dad: That bad? [Yeah.] Alrigh. Wait! Why in the world are we having this
conversation anyway? You're 19 years old. Make your own breakfast. I'm going back
to bed.
Daughter: Because you love me . . . plus you said that you'd make something for me
if I cleaned the dishes last night.
Dad: Okay. How about some eggs and bacon? I can't go wrong there.
Daughter: Okay, but don't put any of that funny stuff in it . . . you know,
those weird mushrooms like you did last time.
Dad: Okay, okay. So, you want me to keep things simple, right?
Daughter: Exactly. But, please hurry. My friend is picking me up in a few minutes.
Dad: On a Saturday morning?
Daughter: Yeah. He's taking me fishing.
Dad: Fishing? Since when did you start liking fishing?
Daughter: Since Dirk gave me this ring! What do you think?
Dad: What? Wait. I'm not going to ask. Let me get breakfast on the table . . . Then,
we'll have a long chat.
Dad: Oh, he's here. I'll just take the $20 bill out of your wallet. I can buy breakfast on
the way. Bye.
Dad: Oh, no!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

cupboard (noun): a cabinet or storage space for keeping food or
other items in the kitchen
- You'll find the flour and sugar in the cupboard. Why don't you grab
them so we can make some pancakes?

mix (up) (phrasal verb): prepare a food or drink by combining two

or more ingredients
- Don't forget to mix (up) the eggs really well before you put them in
the frying pan.
nasty (adjective): terrible or disgusting
- The oatmeal he made for breakfast was nasty, but I didn't want to
hurt his feelings, so I didn't say anything.
plus (conjunction): and
- You can have eggs and toast for breakfast, plus there is some
orange juice in the refrigerator in case you want something to drink.
go wrong (verb): make a mistake
- I thought I followed the recipe, but this food tastes terrible, so I
wonder where I went wrong.
weird (adjective): unusual or strange
- Although he uses a lot of weird ingredients in his chicken soup, it
always tastes great.
chat (noun): informal conversation
- We had a really good chat over breakfast this morning about my
daughter's future.

Budget Hotel Rooms

Man: Hi. I have a reservation for tonight, and I just want to check in.
Hotel Clerk: Sure. What's your name?
Man: Uh. Mike Adams.
Hotel Clerk: Okay. Let me check here. Um. Here's your key to open your door.
You're in room 360. Just walk down this hall [Okay.], and you'll see the elevators on
your right.
Man: Oh, okay, and what time is the restaurant open for breakfast?
Hotel Clerk: It serves breakfast from 6:30-10 a.m.
Man: Oh, okay. And, uh, where's the exercise room? I'd like to, you know, run a

couple of miles before going to bed tonight.

Hotel Clerk: It's on the second floor, and it's open 'til 10 tonight [Okay.], but
the treadmill isn't working.
Man: Oh, oh well. And one final question. Do you have wireless Internet in the
Hotel Clerk: We DO [Ah!]. . . for $7.95 a night.
Man: Uhhh, I thought something like that would be free.
Hotel Clerk: No, sorry, sir but you can get free wireless access if you sit in the
parking lot on the far north side. [Oh!] You see, the hotel next to us has wireless and .
Man: Oh, great. Um, and uh . . . forget that. And every room has a refrigerator, right?
Hotel Clerk: Well, we can have one put in your room for an additional ten dollars a
Man: Ahhhh. I thought something like that would be included in the price of the
Hotel Clerk: Sorry, sir.
Man: Well, you know, it . . . it kind of irks me it when hotels nickel-and-dimetheir
customers like this. I mean, I checked with sev(eral hotels) . . . I mean I checked with
sev(eral hotels) . . .
Hotel Clerk: You really should have checked this one too, shouldn't you
have, buddy.
Man: (Laughing) I . . . I guess that I . . . I'm all flustered now. I mean all the other
hotels provide these amenities for free.
Hotel Clerk: Sorry, sir. It's just the way it is at this hotel.
Man: And the bed? Is that extra too?
Hotel Clerk: Of course . . . NOT.
Man: Oh. I've had it. I'll just try the hotel across the street. I'm sure they'll give me
better service.

Hotel Clerk: Okay, but you'd be canceling your reservation here, so we'll have to
charge you a cancellation fee of 50% of the cost of the room.
Man: Ahhhh, forget it. I can't win either way. What's my room again?
Hotel Clerk: Three sixty (360).
Man: Ughhhhhh!!!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

mile (noun): 1 mile = 1.6 kilometers
- Drive down this road about three miles, and you'll see the hotel on
the right side of the street.
treadmill (noun): a piece of exercise equipment that moves a belt
as you run or walk on it
- The exercise room at the hotel has two treadmills, so you should
be able to run a little before we go out tonight.
irk (verb): someone or something that bothers you
- It really irks me whenever a hotel room isn't clean.
nickel-and-dime (verb): take away someone's money by making
the person pay small amounts for something (also an adjective as
in "a nickel-and-dime store")
- That hotel will nickel-and-dime you to death for every service they
provide. It's not worth staying there.
buddy or buddy boy (noun): used when speaking to a man or boy,
especially when you are annoyed with that person (use with caution
because it can be rude depending on the situation)
- Look, buddy. I'm in the room next door, so if you don't turn down
the TV and start the loud party, I'm going to call the hotel's front
desk and complain.
be flustered (adjective): be in a bothered or confused state
- The hotel guest was really flustered when I couldn't figure out how
to open his hotel room door.

provide (verb): give or make something available

- The mall can provide you with everything that you need for the
amenities (noun): things or services that make you comfortable
- We chose this hotel because of the many amenities available to
I've had it (idiom): used to say that someone is tired or annoyed by
- My wife has had it with this hotel's poor service, so we've decided
to check out and go somewhere else.
fee (noun): an amount of money you pay for something
- - Many hotels charge additional fees for wireless Internet and
other services, so be sure to check carefully before making a hotel

Bus Trip
Woman: Excuse me. Is this seat taken?
Man: It is now. Take a seat.
Woman: Thanks. I had been waiting for over two hours for the bus to come.
Man: Yeah. The bus broke downabout 50 miles back. Actually, the bus driver lost control
of the bus when he split hot chocolate on himself, and then as he tried toregain control of
the bus, he hit a rock and the bus blew a tire.
Woman: Uh. Are you sure this bus in safe?
Man: I'm not sure if it's safe, but you can't beat the price of the trip.
Woman: So, where are you from?
Man: To tell the truth, I really don't know.
Woman: Uh, what do you mean?
Man: Well, you see, I was adopted when I was a baby. I was told that I was born in New
York City, but I can't be sure about that. Then, my new parents raised me in a small town

Texas. I'm sure you've never heard of it.

Woman: Oh.
Man: My parents, Fred and Norma, had a farm, so I grew up milking cows
andherding sheep. Actually, I'm on my way to visit them now.
Woman: You mean back to Texas?
Man: Oh no. They sold that farm years ago when they discovered oil on their property.
They live on a ranch right outside of Las Vegas. Beautiful place with a pool . . .
Woman: Las Vegas. Las Vegas? I thought this bus was heading to Chicago . . . in the
opposite direction!
Man: Ah. You're on the wrong bus.
Woman: I got to get off.
Man: Hey, relax. Spend a weekend with me and my parents on the ranch. I can teach you
how to milk a cow or something.
Woman: I have to get off.
Man: Relax. Anyway, once this bus left the station, it ain't gonna stop until the next
stop . . . three hours from now. The driver got really upset when the last passenger made a
similar mistake. Hey, sit and relax. Let me tell you about farm. I have plenty of stories.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

Is this seat taken? (adjective): being used or occupied
- I'm sorry, but this seat is taken. My wife is using the restroom right
now, but she'll be back in a minute.
break down (verb): stop working
- The buses always break down on my way to work, so I now drive
regain (verb): recover something after it is lost
- My brother almost crashed his car into a tree during the snow
storm, but he regained control of the car at the last second.

beat (verb): do better than something else

- I know that taking the bus isn't always very comfortable and fast,
but you sometimes can't beat the price.
herd (verb; also a noun): gather animals
- Our dog herds the sheep very quickly in the fields.
discover (verb): find
- You can discover interesting places when you travel the country
by bus.
ranch (noun): a place where people live in the country and raise
animals such as horses and cows
- My father grew up on a large ranch in California, and his family
raised a lot of animals. He said it was very hard work.
head somewhere (verb): go in the direction of a particular place
- I'm heading to California to visit my family. What about you?
Where are you heading on this trip?
upset (adjecitve): unhappy or angry
- Brittany is really upset about the trip. She can't go because she
doesn't have money to buy a bus ticket.

Car Rental
Rental Car Agent: Hi. How can I help you?
Customer: Yeah. I'd like to rent a mid-size car for three days.
Rental Car Agent: Okay. Let me check to see if we have one available. Hmmm. It's
doesn't look like we do. We have a couple of economy, compact, and full-size cars
available, or a nice minivan.
Customer: Well, what is the main difference between these cars?
Agent: The main difference is size. The economy car is the smallest, and it seats
fewer passengers and can hold less luggage. [Okay.] How many people are with you?
Customer: Just me and my son.

Rental Car Agent: Well, the economy car would work. We have one right out front.
Customer: Where? That one? It looks more like a shoebox to me. I'm really tall and
trying squeeze into that thing . . . I don't think so.
Rental Car Agent: Well, if you need more room or comfort, I recommend the fullsize car. It also has a nice stereo system, CD player, [Alright] safety rear door locks,
and cruise control, and power locks and windows.
Customer: Well, I'm not so concerned about how it's equipped. I just want to make
sure it is comfortable to drive. And what is the daily rate for that anyway?
Rental Car Agent: Well, let's see here. Oh, yeah. It'll come to fifty-seven ninety-five
a day.
Customer: Wow, a little expensive. But what's the cost for mileage?
Rental Car Agent: Hey, all of our cars have unlimited miles, but of course, that
doesn't include gas.
Customer: Yeah, right. I bet that car probably eats up gas, and now that were in the
middle of the vacation season, gas stations are gougingconsumers with astronomical
Rental Car Agent: Well, as they say, it comes down to the law of supply an demand.
Customer: Well, anyway, can you install a car seat in one of those cars? I have a 3year-old son with me.
Rental Car Agent: Sure, and that'll only be one dollar extra per day.
Customer: I'll go with the full-size car. Wait, uh . . . what does it look like?
Rental Car Agent: Uh, it's right out there in the parking lot. [Which one?] The one
over there next to the sidewalk.
Customer: Do you mean that old lemon with the missing hubcap? Ahhh.
Rental Car Agent: Sir, excuse me. We take pride in our vehicles. It's just that it's one
of the last cars on our lot, but it runs like a dream. Don't let the exterior fool you.
Hey, I'll even give you an extra fifteen dollars off the daily rate to show you we are
serious about pleasing our customers. Will there be any other drivers?
Customer: No, I'm the only driver.

Rental Car Agent: Okay. Would you like to purchase our daily car protection plan?
Customer: What's that exactly?
Rental Car Agent: Well, the car protection plan is a complete insurance package
covering damage to the vehicle, [Okay] injury or loss of life to you or your
passengers [Oh]. It even includes incidental road damage caused by, let's say, a
huge boulder rolling down the mountain and crushing your car. [Oh, uh, well . . . ].
However, it won't cover loss of property due to theft. Too much crime in the area
anyway. [What? Wh . . . What about this crime? What, what?]. Don't worry about it.
And the car protection plan is only seventeen ninety-five per day. [But you were
saying?] And the nicest thing about this coverage is that you can rent the car without
the worry andhassle of making a complicated claim in case you do have a problem.
Customer: But wouldn't my own car insurance cover those problems?
Rental Car Agent: It might, but each insurance policy is different. With our car
protection plan, however, you deal directly with us in case there is a problem [Well . .
. ], and we handle everything quickly, and you don't have to contact your own
insurance company.
Okay. Let me just confirm this. A full-size car with a car seat for three days [Yeah],
plus the car protection package. Is that right? [That's right.] Okay, I'll have our
mechanic, Louie, check the car over and pull it up to the door.
Customer: Push it up to the door? I hope this car really runs.
Rental Car Agent: Well, in case it does break down on some out-of-the-way,
deserted road, just call the toll-free number for assistance. They'll come to assist you
within . . . two business days. [Two business days!!!] Enjoy your trip.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

eat up (phrasal verb): use or consume a lot of something like fuel or
- My parents sold their truck because it ate up so much gas that is
was no longer affordable to drive.
gouge (verb): make people pay a lot for something
- During natural disasters, some stores tend to gouge consumers
by charging high prices for everyday goods.

lemon (noun): a poor-quality car that is useless

- My brother knows nothing about cars, and he bought a used car,
but it turned out to be a real lemon because it broke down only two
hours after he bought it.
like a dream (verb): very well
- The minivan runs like a dream; it handles smoothly, and you feel
like you are driving a luxury car.
incidental (adjective): unplanned or unexpected
- You should budget enough money for maintaining your car
because there are often incidental expenses you don't anticipate,
like repairing a cracked windshield or fixing a flat tire.
boulder (noun): a large rock
- The road was closed for two hours because road crews had to
remove several large boulders that tumbled into the road as a result
of a major rock slide.
hassle (noun): trouble, difficulty, or bother
- It was such a hassle to drive my dad's truck because there was
always something wrong with it.
out-of-the-way (adjective): far away from people or cities that is not
traveled much
- I really enjoy driving to out-of-the-way places because I can get
away from large crowds.

Career Search:
Finding the Right Job
Ashley: Ryan. I just want you to know that I'm going to go to school to become an auto
Ryan: Uh what? Does Dad know about this?
Ashley: Who cares? It's my life. I really enjoy working on cars.
Ryan: Oh, I get it. You want to study auto mechanics because of your new boyfriend.

What's his name? Jimmy or something? Listen, auto mechanics is a man's job.
Ashley: No, you got it all wrong. [What?] First of all, his name is James, and second, he
doesn't work at an auto shop anymore. He had a job there for five years, and he really
liked his job because he learned how to identify problems and fix things. You, on the other
hand, can't even change the toilet paper roll in the bathroom.
Ryan: Hey, that's not fair.
Ashley: And James is now back in college. He's majoring in nursing.
Ryan: Nursing? Nursing? That's a woman's job?
Ashley: I cannot believe I'm hearing this. A man can be a nurse, and they can do the job
just as well as anybody else. Nurses, whether they are men or women, care for the sick,
the elderly. Things like that.
Ryan: Uh.
Ashley: And are you saying that women can't be farmers, carpenters, or truck drivers?
Ryan: Well, most men do those jobs, so . . . Anyway, women can do them if they want. I
just think that women are better suited to be secretaries, waitresses, piano teachers. You
Ashley: Man, you're stuck in the 18th century. No one will marry you.
Ryan: Oh, well, just forget this. But not to change the subject, but I'm having a problem
with my car, and I was wondering if Jimmy, I mean James, could take a look at it.
Ashely: Forget it. Start pushing!
Ryan: Ah!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

auto mechanic (noun): a person who repairs cars
- It took him two years of training to become an auto mechanic.
get something (idiom): understand something
- At first, I didn't understand the job very well, but I kept asking
questions, and I eventually got it.

elderly (noun): older people, seniors

- The elderly often receive support from family and friends.
carpenter (noun): a person who builds furniture and houses
- My brothers work as carpenters for a construction company.
be suited (verb): be appropriate
- Because of his skills, he is very suited for a teaching job overseas.

College Majors
Man: I wonder if this is going to be an interesting class.
Woman: Yeah. Me too. So, what's your major?
Man: Well, I've been batting around the idea of going into business, but I haven't
decided yet. And my dad keeps telling me I have to choose a major, but I'm
undeclared at the moment.
Woman: Ah, that's what happened to me my freshman year.
Man: Oh, so what year are you in school?
Woman: I'm a senior, and I only have to take 10 more credits to graduate. Yeah!
Man: Well. That must feel great to be almost finished with school.
Woman: You can say that again, but once I graduate, I have to start repaying a
student loan, so I'm not looking forward to that.
Man: But didn't your parents help you out with your college tuition?
Woman: No. My dad said he wasn't made of money, so he thought I should earn my
own education, so I worked like crazy in the summer and part-time during the school
year to cover most of my costs. [Well, that's parents for you.] And, I received some
financial aid and a scholarship one year, which really saved me. [Ah, that's nice.] But
this past year, school has been more demanding, so I haven't been able to work as
Man: Well, you know, at least you see the light at the end of the tunnel.
Woman: That's true.

Man: Well, have you lined up a job yet?

Woman: Not yet, but I'm trying to line up a few interviews at the job fair next month.
Man: Well, at least you have some ideas on your future. I mean, I'm taking a business
class right now, and the teacher always lectures us by saying that life is difficult, and
we should prepare for our futures by setting realisticgoals. And the only place that
success comes before . . .
Woman: . . . work is in the dictionary. {Yeah!?] Yeah. I've heard that all before. Let
me guess. Is your teacher Paul Jones?
Man: Yeah. How do you know? I mean, did you have him too? I mean, the guy is,
you know, he's just really . . .
Woman: He's my dad. Yeap.
Man: Your dad? I mean, I didn't mean anything by what I said. I wasn't badmouthing him or anything. I mean he's a good teacher and all. It's just that . . .
Woman: . . . he's a dad. That's what dads do. Lecture. He has about a
thousand sermons on life, and he always shares them in his classes.
Man: Yeah. Well, um . . . , nice talking with you. I have . . . I have to go.
Woman: Same here. Bye. I'll tell Mr. Jones you said hello, and maybe we can study
together at my house? [Nah, nah, nah . . .]

Key Vocabulary [Top]

so: often used when changing the topic of the conversation
- So, what do you want to do after you graduate?
bat around (idiom): consider different choices, including the
positive and negative points of each option
- My daughter batted around a few ideas on where to travel over
the holidays until she settled on Hawaii.
you can say that again (idiom): used when completely agreeing
with someone
- So, you think the teacher is too difficult? You can say that again.

help out (phrasal verb): help someone who is in need, especially

when they have problems
- Because my parents are old, I try to help them out whenever I
see the light at the end of the tunnel (idiom): something that
gives you hope for the future after a period of difficult problems or
- College life was difficult, but by my last semester, I felt more
relaxed because I could see the light at the end of the tunnel:
graduation was just around the corner.
line up (phrasal verb): arrange
- I need to line up an appointment with my school advisor by the
end of the week.
realistic (realistic): actually possible
- My younger brother isn't very realistic; he thinks he can get a
great-paying job right out of high school without any training.
bad-mouth (idiom): criticize
- He always bad-mouths people behind their backs. If you have
anything to say about people, it's best to say it to their faces.
sermon (noun): a talk with moral advice about life
- The minister gave an interesting sermon at church this past week
about serving others in need.

College Roommates
Ah. It's good to be up. What a beautiful morning!
Uh, it's a quarter to two. It's NOT the morning at all. What are you doing in the
kitchen anyway?
Well, I'm going to make breakfast and check my email to see if anyone has
responded to my advertisement for a new roommate.
What do you mean, "Right"?

Listen. Who's going to want to live with you? You can even take care of yourself.
What are you talking about? I get up early every morning at 6:00 a.m.
Add about six hours to that.
I always make nutritious meals.
I don't think McDonald's Big Macs and fries count.
I keep my room very tidy.
Uh, I think I saw some old dishes, empty pizza boxes, and some real dirty socks
under your bed.
And I go to bed at a very early hour.
Do you call midnight early? Listen. Give it up. unless you make some majorchanges
in your life, your only companion will be your pet fish, Ralph.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

respond (verb): answer or reply to something
- When are you going to respond to his email message?
nutritious (adjective and verb): healthy, good for the body
- My mother makes very nutritious soup and bread.
tidy (adjective): clean, organized
- Her room isn't very tidy. Her clothes are all over the place.
- Please tidy (up) your room before your grandparents arrive.
midnight (adverb): 12:00 a.m.
- My brother doesn't come home until after midnight.
major (adjective): important, serious, or signficant
- If you have major problems with your roommate, you should talk
to him directly.

College Textbooks
Carl: Hey, Sis. Are you interested in buying some used books for school? You can
really save some money that way.
Ashley: Well, what do you have?
Carl: Well, let's see. I have a science book called, Today's World, and I'm selling it
for thirty dollars.
Ashley: Thirty? That's a little expensive for a beat-up book like that.
Carl: Maybe so, but I bought it for sixty. Plus, I wrote a lot of notes in the book that
should help you with the class . . . if you could read my writing.
Ashley: What else are you selling?
Carl: Okay, I have English writing textbook for fourteen dollars, a math book for
twenty-three, and a novel for only seven bucks.
Ashley: Uh, Hmmm.
Carl: It's up to you. You know, these things go fast. I mean you have to listen to my
advice as your older brother.
Ashley: Psh. I'll take the English book and the novel. I need both of those for sure. I
think I'll hold off on buying other books for now. [Okay.] Teachers are always
changing their minds about textbooks. [Alright.] And, what are those books?
Carl: Which ones? Ah, ah, nothing. Never mind.
Ashley: Wait, wait, wait. Finding Your Perfect Someone. You're selling it for forty
dollars? What's, what's this all about? And the price?
Carl: Well. You . . It's a . . . It's just a marital relations class. You know about finding
a partner. You know, mom's always, you know, on me about that. What does it matter
to you anyway?
Ashley: Forty dollars? That's a little expense.
Carl: Well, they guarantee results, but ah, never mind. You would never understand.
Ashley: What about this one? Introduction to Gourmet Cooking? Why did you take
this class? You hate cooking.

Carl: Well, um, I have a friend who's into cooking, and she's [She?] . . . I mean, my
friend's taking the class. I mean, ugh, does it really matter?
Ashley: A marriage class . . . a close female friend . . . a cooking textbook . . . I think
I get the picture. Mom's going to be excited about this.
Carl: Ah, you got it all wrong. So, do you want to buy any of these textbooks or not?

Key Vocabulary [Top]

sis (noun): informal for sister
- Hey, sis. Do you want a ride to school today?
beat-up (adjective): in bad condition
- I don't care if the book is all beat-up as long as it is cheap.
buck (noun): informal for dollar
- You can save a few bucks if you buy used books from friends or
hmmm: a sound that people make when they are thinking about
what to say
- Hmmm. That's a difficult question. Let me think about it.
psh: expression of lack of respect
- Did she really say that she studies really hard? Psh. She's always
skipping class, so there's no way she is doing well in school.
hold off on (phrasal verb): wait
- My daughter decided to hold off on attending college this
never mind: don't worry about something
- Well, never mind. I think I'll buy the book online instead. Thanks
for offering to sell me your book.
be on someone (phrasal verb): complain about someone or
something that a person does

- His wife is always on him for spending so much money on

textbooks and then not attending classes regularly.
be into something (phrasal verb): be interested in something
- My brother is really into swimming. He goes to the pool everyday.
ugh: expression of dislike or disgust
- Ugh. I can't believe you didn't pass that class even though you
spent so much money on books and tuition. I guess that's your fault
because you never went to class much.
get the picture (idiom): understand
- Kathy says she doesn't want to go out with me, but I think I get the
picturenow. She's just not interested in me.

Computer Sales and Repairs

Phone Recording: Hello and thank you for calling computer technical support.
Caller: Uh, yes, I have a problem . . .
Phone Recording: Your call is important to us, and we will answer your call in the
order that it was received. You are number 47 in the queue. Your approximate waiting
time is 47 minutes.
Technical support: Jason, speaking. How can I help you?
Caller: Oh, I'm saved. I thought I was going to have to wait all day.
Technical support: Okay, what's the problem?
Caller: Yeah, well, I bought one of your laptop computers about three weeks ago, but
it just isn't running right.
Technical support: Okay, well, sorry to say, but your computer is no longerunder
warranty. [What?!] It ran out yesterday.
Caller: What? A three-week warranty? [Yeah, great isn't it.]. Ah!!!
Technical support: Okay, okay, what seems to be the problem?
Caller: Well, first of all, the thing always freezes [Yeah.] and

has crashed azillion times . . . [Always.]

Technical support: Uh, sir . . .
Caller: . . . and I think the computer's infected with spyware and the big banana
trojan virus . . . [That's normal.] That's my biggest . . . that's normal? . . . That's my
biggest concern.
Technical support: Oh, oh, uh, sir . . .
Caller: . . . and plus there was a ton of preinstalled, third-party programs that
just clutter the computer, and I'm at wit's end trying to get this thing to work.
Technical support: Sir. I have to put you on hold.
Caller: What?
Technical support: It's going to take us a minute or so to diagnose the problem.
[Huh?!] I'm going to transfer you to our ONE technician.
Caller: One . . . one!? But . . .
Phone Recording: Thank you for waiting. Your call is important to us. You are
number 84 in the queue. You approximate waiting time is 2 hours, 17 minutes or
whenever we get around to answering your call.
[ End of call and continuation of computer advertisement . . . ]
Caller and Narrator: Does this experience sound familiar? Then, do what I did. If
your computer is holding your hostage and you can't get the service you deserve, then
call Turbo Command, creators of the safest and most reliable computers and
operating system on the planet.
Listen, while the competition is spending all of their time trying to imitateour
computer's performance and features, our company is innovating the computer
industry. So, why buy a computer that hiccups every time you turn it on when you
can be the owner of the sleekest and friendliest machine ever.
Call us today or visit our Website for more information, and let us introduce you to
the ultimate computer experience.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

queue (noun): a list or line of phone calls to be answered (often

considered British English); can also be used to describe a line of
people waiting for a service
- The phone message says I'm number 3 in the queue, but I have
been waiting for over 20 minutes to talk to someone in customer
run (verb): operate or function
- This computer was running great yesterday, but I can't get it
started today.
be under warranty (phrasal verb): protected by a written promise
by a company to fix or replace one of its products
- If you're having problems with the digital camera, send it back to
the manufacturer to get a refund. The camera is still under
run out (phrasal verb): reach the ending period of an agreement or
- Sometimes, a product you buy will function perfectly long after the
warranty runs out.
freeze (verb): stop moving
- I really hate this computer because it always freezes right when
I'm trying to save important documents.
crash (verb): stop working
- My old computer was constantly crashing everyday, so I
reinstalled the operating system to see if that would fix the problem.
zillion (noun): a very large number
- I've told you a zillion times what the problem is. Don't you
understand it now?
clutter (verb): fill an area with things and make it messy
- I hate some computer companies because they tend
to clutter their machines with junk software most people don't use.
be at wit's end (idiom): be very frustrated because you cannot
solve a problem

- To tell the truth, I'm at my wits' end trying to figure out the problem
with my computer.
diagnose (verb): determine the nature of a problem
- The technical support person couldn't diagnose the software
conflict even after working on it for three hours.
deserve (verb): earn something or be worthy of some consideration
- Our customers deserve friendly and honest service every time
they walk in our store.
imitate (verb): copy or reproduce an idea or product
- Unfortunately, many companies can only imitate the high-quality
products of other businesses .
innovate (verb): come up with new ideas or methods
- If you don't innovate, your business will no longer be competitive.
sleek (adjective): attractive
- The company's newest MP3 is really sleek, and it should sell well.
ultimate (adjective): the best or most superior final one
- The ultimate goal of our company is to be number one in our field.

Teacher: Hi. Welcome to Parent-Teacher Conference.
Parent: Thanks.
Teacher: So, what is your child's name?
Parent: It's Megan Jones.
Teacher: Megan. Uh, let's see. Oh yeah, Megan. Um, she missed the last couple of days.
Has she been sick?
Parent: No, she's been having some problems with the other kids in your class, and . . .
Teacher: Well, you know, junior high school is a difficult time, but she just needs to speak
up a little more in class. I think . . .

Parent: No, it's . . . it's more than that. Some of the kids in your class have really
been bullying her a lot.
Teacher: What do you mean?
Parent: Well, um, they've been teasing her a lot about her appearance, and then, the other
day, you didn't help things [ What? ] Yeah, she said you made a comment about her
Teacher: What do you mean? I mean . . .
Parent: She said you commented on her shirt and jeans, like they were from the 1970s or
something like that.
Teacher: Well I was just kind of joking a little bit with her.
Parent: Well, yeah, that's what you think, but other kids follow your example. In fact, one
of the kids took a picture of her with their phone and posted it and had some
real nasty comments on Facebook. It was terrible.
Teacher: Well, you know, kids can be kids.
Parent: No, don't you get it? This is bullying; it's cyberbullying, and adults like you are
part of the problem. Forget it. I'm planning on discussing this with theprincipal tomorrow.
Teacher: Oh, wait, wait, wait. Um, uh, oh. I'm sorry if I hurt her feelings [ Yeah. You
did! ], but . . .
Parent: I get sick and tired of people thinking that a little teasing is okay. Too many kids
are killing themselves because they feel that there's just no way to escape this.
Teacher: Okay. Well, I guess I need to be a little bit more careful, but . . .
Parent: Yeah, you do. I really hope I can get Megan to come to school tomorrow. She's
been really, really anxious and depressed [ Wow. ] for some time, and your comments and
those that the other kids made haven't helped.
Teacher: Wow. Uh, I'm really sorry. Could you see if you can bring her to school
tomorrow? Uh, I'd like to apologize and see what I can do to, maybe,improve the
Parent: Thanks. I'd appreciate it. That would help.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

speak up (phrasal verb): speak without fear or hesitation
- People need to speak up against bullying when the see it happen.
bully (verb): treat someone badly in action or words
- Why do you always bully Brandon? He hasn't done anything to
tease (verb): make fun of
- Some of the kids my class are always teasing my sister, and I
can't get them to stop.
nasty (adjective): terrible
- I can't believe kids post such nasty messages on Facebook.
principal (noun): manager or director of a school
- The principal spoke to all of the kids at school about the problems
of cyberbullying.
anxious (adjective): nervous
- Brittany feels very anxious about going to school these days.
improve (verb): make better
- If you want to improve the environment for kids at school, you
have to speak out about the problems of bullying.

Dinner Time
Father: Time to eat!
Daughter: Coming. Oh, I'mstarving. [Good, good.] Ohyuck! What's that?
Father: Ah, now don't complain!
Daughter: But what is it, and where is mom?
Father: Now, mom put me in charge of dinner because she's not feeling well tonight.
Daughter: But what is it . . . and that smell!

Father: It's pizza. I just followed an old family recipe here, and . . .
Daughter: Let me see that . . . Oh, Dad. [What?] You're missing a page!
Father: Oh, uh, well, uh . . . well I couldn't find the second page of the recipe, but
don't worry. I have plenty of experience around the house. Plenty of experience
Daughter: That's not what mom says.
Father: Well, wait, wait, here let me try a piece first. Here, let me, let me cool this off
here. Ohhh, yeah. Oh, this is great stuff.
Daughter: Yeah right. Why are you making that face?
Father: Well, well, it's just, just a little rich for me. That's all.
Daughter: Let me try it Dad. Uh. Dad. You put a little too much salt in it and besides
it's burned. [Well . . . ] And what's that?
Father: Oh, well, well, that's just part of my own adaptation to the recipe. I added
some pumpkin.
Daughter: Oh, not another one of your surprises. Pumpkin doesn't go on pizza!
Father: Well, okay, well, so what? Uh, what do we do now?
Daughter: Well, how about some cold cereal . . . You can't mess up on that, Dad.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

starving (verb): hungry, famished
- Many deer will starve to death in the mountains because of the
harsh winter.
yuck or yucky: expression showing strong displeasure or dislike
for something (informal)
- Oh, Dad. I don't like this yucky soup.
adaptation (noun), adapt (verb): a change or modification to
something, revision

- Sometimes it takes time to adapt to the customs and language of

another culture.
mess up (phrasal verb): (1) to make a mistake or (2) make
something untidy or cluttered
- If you take your eyes off that boy, he might mess up your entire
Activities [Top]

Driver's License
Daughter: Guess what, Mom. I got it.
Mother: Great. That's super.
Father: What's going on? So, what did you get me?
Daughter: Nothing. I got my driver's license. Okay. Bye.
Father: Wait, wait, wait. Where are you going?
Daughter: Mom said I could take the car to school this morning, and . . .
Father: Hold on here. I've prepared a few rules regarding the use of the motor
vehicles in this house.
Daughter: Like what?
Father: Let me get my notes here.
Daughter: Dad! That looks like a book? Mom, Dad's being mean to me.
Father: Okay, let me get my reading glasses here. Okay, here we are. Rule number
one: No driving with friends for the first six months.
Daughter: What?
Father: Teenagers often lack the judgment to drive responsibly, especially when
several teenagers are involved. I mean they speed, they joyride, theycruise around

town way past midnight.

Daughter: But that's not me! Do I really need this lecture? This is such adrag!
Father: Furthermore, who really needs a car when a pair of shoes will work? I mean,
life was different when I was your age. In fact, I used to walk to school . . .
Daughter: Yeah, yeah. I know. Both ways uphill in ten feet of snow. I've heard this
story many times.
Father: Yeah. Oh, where were we? Oh yes. Rule number two: You always must wear
your seat belt and obey the rules of the road.
Daughter: Duh. I wasn't born yesterday.
Father: Okay, rule number three: You can't drive long distances at night because you
might get drowsy and drive off the road. But driving to the movie theater is fine.
Daughter: But the movie theater is right across the street from our house.
Father: Exactly, so you can just park in the driveway and walk there.
Daughter: Mom! Dad's being unreasonable.
Father: And rule number four: You should never use a cell phone while driving. That
could cause an accident.
Daughter: But YOU do.
Father: That's different.
Daughter: How's it different? You even need my help to turn your cell phone on.
Father: And rule number five: Remember that I love you, and I'm just a protective
father who wants his daughter to always be safe.
Daughter: Does that mean I can take the car now?
Father: Well, I don't know.
Daughter: Please dad, please. You're the best dad in the whole wide world.
Father: That's not what you said earlier.
Daughter: Hey, having the car keys in my hands changes my whole perspective on

Father: Well, okay. I guess if I'm considered the best dad in the world for five
minutes, then I'll accept that.
Daughter: Yeah.
Father: Okay, but drive carefully and don't forget to fill up the car with gas before
you come home. [Bye. Love ya guys.] Okay. Hon, do you think I did the right thing?
Mother: Yeah. She has to grow up sometime.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

joyride (verb): take a car without permission and drive it around for
pleasure, sometimes in a reckless way
- If teenagers joyride and violate other laws, they will be arrested
and charged.
cruise (verb): drive a car around an area with no particular
destination in mind
- A lot of youth cruise the streets downtown at night.
lecture (noun): a long, serious talk often used to criticize
- My dad always gives me a lecture about the way I drive, and I
don't like it at all.
drag (noun): something that is really annoying
- Driving with my parents is such a drag because they are back-seat
drivers---always telling me what to do.
duh (interjection): used to say that what someone else said is
unnecessary because it is just common sense
- So, you're saying she's going to lose her license if she drinks and
drives?No duh.. Everyone knows that.
drowsy (adjective): sleepy
- You need to pull the car over and rest if you start to feel drowsy.

hon (noun): short for honey, used to address someone you love
- Hon. Do you mind driving now. I'm feeling a little drowsy.

Roadside Assistance: Emergency Call

Operator: Hello. This is the emergency 911 operator.
Taxi Driver: Help. Help. Please help me!
Operator: Yes sir. Please calm down and explain exactly what is happening.
Taxi Driver: Calm down! My car isstalled on the freeway, I have a lady passenger, and
she's going into labor.
Operator: Now relax sir. Explain exactly where you are.
Taxi Driver: I'm . . . I'm in the southbound lane of the Lincoln Expressway, about 15
miles from the Washington Tunnel, and this lady isn't going to wait.
Operator:Okay. What's your name sir and your passenger's?
Taxi Driver: It's ... it's Bob, and I have no idea about the woman. She's in no condition to
tell me.
Operator: Okay, now what's the nearest landmark to your location? Pay careful attention.
Taxi Driver: Umm, I see golden arches . . . McDonalds.
Operator: Okay, is there anyone else with you?
Taxi Driver: No, and I've tried to get someone else to stop. [The sound of a bottle
Operator: Hey, what was that? [Ahhhh!]
Taxi Driver: Ah, someone threw a bottle at me. How soon can someone get here?
Operator: I've just dispatched an ambulance to your location. They should be there any
Taxi Driver: Hey, is there anything I can do while we wait for the ambulance?
Operator: Yes, uh, keep her calm and warm.

Taxi Driver: Okay. Please hurry. Oh, they're too late. It's a boy!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

calm down (verb): relax
- The police officer tried to calm down the angry crowd.
stalled (verb): to stop, often due to mechanical problems
- The small plane's engine stalled as it passed through a terrible
rain storm.
landmark (noun): an object, such as a building, that marks a
- The lighthouse on the tip of the bay is a famous landmark in this
dispatched (verb): to send off
- A fire engine was dispatched five minutes ago to respond to the

Exercise Program
Josh: Hey, I hear you and Stephanie are really getting serious.
Michael: Yeah, I think she'll be impressed with my new exercise program.
Josh: What? What are you talking about? What exercise program? What did you tell
Michael: Well, you know, I enjoy staying in shape. [Right] First, I generally get up
every morning at 5:30 a.m.
Josh: Oh, yeah. Since when? You don't roll out of bed until at least 7:30 p.m.
Michael: No, no, and on Mondays and Wednesdays, . . .
Josh: Ah, not another tall tale . . .
Michael: I almost always go jogging for about a half hour, you know, to improve

my endurance.
Josh: Hey, jogging to the refrigerator for a glass of milk doesn't count.
Michael: Of course, before I leave, I usually make sure I do some stretches so I don't
pull a muscle on my run.
Josh: Right. One jumping jack.
Michael: Then, I told her that I usually lift weights Tuesdays and Thursdays for about
an hour after work.
Josh: Humph.
Michael: This helps me build muscle strength.
Josh: A one-pound barbell.
Michael: Finally, I often go hiking on Saturdays with my dog [What dog!?], well,
and I like hiking because it helps me burn off stress and reduceanxiety that builds up
during the week.
Josh: Oh yeah, those lies.
Michael: Well, uh, as for Fridays, I sometimes just relax at home by watching a
movie or inviting you over to visit.
Josh: If I buy the pizza.
Michael: But . . . bu . . . And on Sundays, I take the day off from exercising, but I
usually take my dog for a walk.
Josh: Forget it. She'll never buy this story.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

generally (adverb): usually
- She generally does aerobics right after she gets up.
tall tale (noun): unusual or unbelievable story
- His running in a 100 kilometer race is just a tall tale. He gets tired
just walking to the kitchen table.

endurance (noun): the ability to keep doing something difficult for a

period of time
- I don't know if he has the endurance to play the entire basketball
burn off (verb): get rid of
- The teacher had the boy run around the gym to burn off his extra
anxiety (noun): feelings of being worried
- Working out at the health club helps me get rid of anxiety and
frustration from work.
buy a story (idiom): believe something that is probably not true
- Don't buy his story that he exercises everyday. It's just not true.

English Language Center

Receptionist: English Language Center. How may I help you?
Caller: Yes. I'm calling to find out more information about your program. For example,
what kind of courses do you offer?
Receptionist: Well, first of all, the purpose of our program is to provide language learning
opportunities to this area's community [Uh-hum], whether a student's goal is to master
basic functional language skills, let's say, for his or her job, or to study intensively to enter
a US college or university.
Caller: Okay. I'm calling for a friend who is interested in attending a US university.
Receptionist: And that's the kind of, uh, instruction that we provide, from basic
communication courses to content-based classes such as computer literacy, intercultural
communication, and business English.
Caller: Great. What are your application deadlines for the next semester?
Receptionist: Well, we ask applicants to apply no later than two months before the
semester begins. [Uh-hum] This gives us time to process the application and issue the
student's I-20.
Caller: An I-20?
Receptionist: Oh, an I-20 is a form that indicates that we are giving permission for the

student to study in our program, and then the student takes this form to the US embassy in
his or her country to apply for the F-1 student visa.
Caller: Alright. What is the tuition for a full-time student?
Receptionist: It's two thousand thirty dollars.
Caller: And how does one apply?
Receptionist: Well, we can send you an application and you can mail it back to us, or you
can fill out our application that's online at our Web site.
Caller: And are there other materials I would need to send in addition to the application
Receptionist: Uh, yes. You would need to send in a $35 non-refundable application fee
[Uh-huh], a sponsorship form indicating who will be responsible financially for the
student while studying in our program, and a bank statement showing that you or your
sponsor has sufficient funds to cover tuition expenses and living costs for the entire year
of study.
Caller: And how can I send these materials to you?
Receptionist: You can either send the application packet by regular mail or you can fax it.
Caller: And the application fee?
Receptionist: We accept money orders, travelers checks, or credit cards.
Caller: Alright. I think that's about it.
Receptionist: Okay great.
Caller: Oh and what is your name?
Receptionist: Ok. My name is Tony Nelson. You can just call and ask for me.
Caller: Great. Thank you for help.
Receptionist: No problem and please don't hesitate to call again if you have any other
Caller: Okay. Goodbye.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

attending (verb): going to
- I'm thinking about attending a language school in England next
content-based classes (noun): classes that focus on a particular
- This program is well-known for its emphasis in content-based
classes such as engineering.
literacy (noun): the ability to read and write
- Literacy is one key to educating the public.
deadlines (noun): dates by which something must be done or
- What is the deadline for submitting my application?
apply (verb): to turn in or submit an application
- I've decided to apply for an academic scholarship.
issue (verb): to prepare and distribute
- The police officer issued the driver a warning for speeding in a
school zone.

Great Apartment Living

Apartment Owner: Hello.
Caller: Hi. I'm calling about the ad for the apartment found in today's newspaper.
Apartment Owner: Okay.
Caller: I'm kind of desperate, and I need something right away.
Apartment Owner: Okay. What would you like to know?
Caller: First of all, how big is it?
Apartment Owner: It's a two-bedroom apartment with a living room, dining room
and kitchen, and one bathroom. There's also a place for a washer and dryer.

Caller: Okay, and how old is the apartment complex?

Apartment Owner: Well, let's just say it has a lot of history. To be honest, my great
grandfather built it during the 1920s, but it's a very sturdy and sound structure.
Caller: Oh, and . . . so, is the apartment furnished at all?
Apartment Owner: Oh, yeah. The apartment is partially furnished with a
refrigerator, stove, and my grandmother's old dishwasher.
Caller: Your grandmother's old dishwasher? Okay. What's the rent?
Apartment Owner: It's $950 a month.
Apartment Owner: Whoa. That is a little steep for me.
Caller: But you could always split the cost with a roommate.
Caller: Perhaps. Does that include utilities?
Caller: Well, the rent includes gas and electricity, but not the phone bill. And the
water pump is right out the back door.
Caller: Water pump! [Yeah.] Oh, yeah. Well, can I rent month-to-month, or do I have
to sign a lease for a longer period of time?
Apartment Owner: We require a 6-month commitment for the apartment, and if you
cancel the agreement anytime during that period, hey . . . you lose your deposit.
Caller: Oh, and how much is the deposit?
Apartment Owner: It's $400, and, of course, this money is used to repair damage or
general wear and tear on our apartment, like the leaks in the old roof from last year's
snow storm. Man, that was ugly. Plaster falling down from the ceiling. And I didn't
even know there was a rat's nest up there, but we got that taken care of.
Caller: A what? Do I get my deposit back after I move out? That's assuming that I
even move in.
Apartment Owner: Generally speaking, we return the deposit, minus a small fee for,
you know, cleaning the apartment for the next tenant, but if you trash the place, then
don't expect to get anything back.
Caller: Okay. Oh, um . . . how close is the apartment to the university campus?

Apartment Owner: It's about eight blocks from campus, but you can catch a number
of busses right out in front.
Caller: Oh, so, then, if there's a busy road out front, is it noisy?
Apartment Owner: Well, there are always trade-offs: it's a little noisy with the road
outside and the airport behind you, but the place is really convenient because there's a
supermarket and shopping center right across the street. Just keep the windows closed
and a pair of ear plugs handy, and you'll be fine.
Caller: Okay, and one last question. Are there parking spaces for tenants?
Apartment Owner: Yeah. The apartment has two covered parking spaces, which are
really convenient during certain times of the year.
Caller: Uh . . . I don't know. Is it possible for me to drop by and visit the apartment
tomorrow morning?
Apartment Owner: Sure, but just remember we rent the apartment on a first-come,
first-serve basis, so there's no guarantee it'll still be available then.
Caller: Okay. Thanks. Um . . . and where exactly is the apartment located?
Apartment Owner: It's one block west of the waste water treatment plant.
Caller: Ah . . . . Are pets allowed?
Apartment Owner: Well, you can keep small pets like a hamster in a small cage, but
we don't allow larger animals like dogs, cats, or snakes. Things like that.
Caller: Um, I have a rat . . .
Apartment Owner: You don't have anything like that, do you?
Caller: Well, I have a rat that I keep in a cage. Will that be okay?
Apartment Owner: Well, as long it doesn't escape, I guess that's okay.
Caller: And what's your name?
Apartment Owner: It's Norman. Norman Bates.
Caller: Alright, Mr. Bates. I'll see you tomorrow. Bye.

Apartment Owner: Bye.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

furnished (adjective): having furniture in a living area such as an
- Our first apartment wasn't furnished with any appliances, so we
had to buy them.
steep (adjective): expensive
- The rent for the condo we looked at this morning was a little steep,
so we decided to look for something else instead.
split (verb): divide and share something
- The rent for housing near campus was a little steeper than I
expected, so I decided to find a roommate to split the costs.
utilities (noun): services such as electricity, gas, and water
- I'm looking for a place where the utilities are included in the cost of
the rent.
lease (noun): a legal agreement giving permission to use
something for a specific period of time
- Be sure to read carefully the terms of the lease before you sign it
because you will be bound to the agreement.
deposit (noun): money given as security to use something
- Don't expect to get your deposit back when you move out if you
haven't taken good care of the place.
wear and tear (noun): the amount of expected damage of
something from normal use
- A certain amount of wear and tear is pretty normal when renting
an apartment.
tenant (noun): someone who rents a house or an apartment
- The tenant next door always holds wild parties on the weekends,
and I never can get any sleep.

trash (verb): destroy something through carelessness

- My roommate trashed our place while I was gone on vacation.
trade-off (noun): a balance or exchange between options requiring
- There is often a trade-off between living on campus and renting an
apartment off campus.

Grocery Shopping
Man: Hey. Can you give me a hand with the groceries? And I told you I could do the
Woman: Wow! Do we really need all this stuff? Let me see that receipt.
Man: Hey, I only bought theessentials.
Woman: Okay. Let's see. Dog food. Twenty-four dollars and seventy cents ($24.70)?
We don't even have a dog!
Man: Well, it WAS going to be a surprise, but look in the back of the truck.
Woman: What?
Man: Ah, ha, hah. Speechless. I knew you'd love him.
Woman: That thing? That dog's as big as a horse. He probably eats like one, too.
Man: Ah, but he's sure friendly. And someone was giving him away at the
supermarket, and I . . . I . . . I couldn't let that poor thing pass another day without a
loving home.
Woman: Whatever. Where was I? Eighteen dollars and nineteen cents ($18.19) for
twenty-four cans of tomato juice? You don't even like that stuff!
Man: Ahhhh. Not yet. I've decided to change my eating habits.
Woman: Right.
Man: You'll see, you'll see.
Woman: Okay. Let's see. Three eighty-four ($3.84) for a box of chocolate cookies
and twelve fifty-six ($12.56) for a case of soft drinks. [Yeah!] Changing your eating

habits, huh? Do you really think that cookies are some type of diet food?
Man: Hey, I'll just eat a cookie or two every other hour. In fact, they're a great source
of carbohydrates for energy. And, you see, the tomato juice and cookies kind of, you
know, cancel each other out.
Woman: Oh brother. I can't believe what I'm hearing. Let's see. Where was I?
A carton of eggs, two fifty ($2.50) for a gallon of milk, three cans of tuna. Okay.
[Yeah.] And finally two steaks for eight fourteen ($8.14) . Now, something worth
enjoying. I'll get the grill started.
Man: Oh, we . . . w . . . well. The steaks are for Herbert.
Woman: Herbert. Who's Herbert?
Man: Uh, he's the dog. [No!] You see, the previous owner said that he's kind of . . .
he's somewhat picky about what he eats, [No!], and the steaks might help
him adjust [Absolutely not!] . . . . no, no, no, and the steaks might help him adjust to
his new home. Hey, what are you doing? Oh, no. Why did you throw the steaks out
on the ground outside?
Woman: Well, now, you and Herbert can get to know each other better. I'm going out
to eat by myself.
Man: Ughh.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

give someone a hand (idiom): help someone, especially with
something that requires physical work
- A store employee gave my mom a hand to load the groceries in
the car.
groceries (noun): food and other things sold at a supermarket
- She bought some groceries for the tonight's party.
stuff (noun): type(s) of thing(s) (singular or plural)
- You can buy that stuff at any grocery store.
receipt (noun): a small piece of paper that shows what you bought
at a store

- You need the receipt to return that stuff to the store. Otherwise,
they won't refund your money.
essentials (noun): the most needed things
- You can buy all of the essentials for your trip in this section of the
speechless (adjective): unable to speech because you are angry,
unhappy/happy, embarrassed, or surprised
- His behavior left me speechless because he spent so much
without talking with his wife.
give away (phrasal verb): give something without selling it,
especially when you do not need it anymore
- The store was giving away free samples of fried chicken.
whatever (interjection): used when you don't care what the person
- A: Are you really going to eat all that ice cream?
B: Sure, why not?
A: Whatever. I told you before that you won't lose weight that way,
but you never listen to me. I'm done giving you advice.
case (noun): a large box or container in which things are sold or
- Could you pick up three cases of chicken soup? I thought we
could give some away to family and friends who really need it.
carton (noun): a small cardboard box that contains food or drink
- She drank a small carton of juice!
adjust (verb): get used to a new situation
- It often takes time to adjust to new foods.

Haven't We Met Before?

Man: Hi. Uh, haven't we met before? You look so familiar.
Woman: Yeah. We met on campus last week, [Yeah!] and you asked me the same

Man: Oh, oh really? I'm really sorry, but I'm terrible with names. But, but, but . . . Let me
guess. It's Sherry, right?
Woman: No, but you got the first letter right.
Man: I know, I know. It's on the tip of my tongue. Wait. Uh, Sandy, Susan. [Nope. So,
was I that memorable?] Wait, wait. It's Sharon.
Woman: You got it . . . and only on the fourth try.
Man: So, well, Sh . . ., I mean Sharon. How are you?
Woman: Not bad. And what was your name?
Man: It's Ben, but everyone calls me B.J. And, uh, what do you do, Sh . . . Sharon?
Woman: I'm a graduate student majoring in TESL.
Man: Uh, TESL . . . What's that?
Woman: It stands for teaching English as a second language. I want to teach English to
non-native speakers overseas.
Man: Oh, yeah. I'm pretty good at that English grammar. You know, verbs and adjectives,
and uh . . . Hey, that's sound really exciting. And do you need some type of specific
degree or experience to do that? I mean could I do something like that?
Woman: Well, most employers overseas are looking for someone who has at least a
Bachelor's degree and one or two years of experience. [Oh!] And what do you do? Are
you a student on campus?
Man: Yeah, but, uh . . . I guess I'm mulling over the idea of going into accounting or
international business, but I guess I'm leaning now towards a degree in marketing.
Woman: Oh, uh, . . . Well, I have to run. I have a class in ten minutes.
Man: Oh, okay. And, uh, by the way, there's this, uh, dance on campus at the student
center tonight, and I was wondering if you'd . . . you know . . . like to come along.
Woman: Oh really? Well, perhaps . . . .
Man: Okay, well, bye.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

on the tip of one's tongue (idiom): to be at the point of
remembering something
- Oh, what is her name again? It's on the tip of my tongue, but I just
can't remember it.
memorable (adjective): worth remembering
- College graduation was a real memorable experience for me.
major (verb, also noun): have as your main field of study
- My brother wants to major in education.
overseas (adverb): in a foreign country
- My family lived overseas for several years.
mull over (verb): think over
- My brother wants to mull over different job offers before he makes
a decision.

Japanese Public Bath

Nate: Hey Phil: Have you ever been to a Japanese public bath? I hear it's quite an
Phil: Yes, and what an experience.
Nate: What do you mean?
Phil: Well, it's nothing like visiting a swimming pool in the States.
Nate: Well, what do you do when you go to a public bath?
Phil: First, you take off your shoes before you enter.
Nate: Okay.
Phil: Then, you pay an entrance fee to the man or woman at the front counter. [Um-huh].
Next, you get undressed in the dressing room. And I was very surprised . . . and a little
embarrassed to see that the woman who took my money was sitting on a platform where

she had a clear view of the men's side of the dressing room. [Really?] This allows the
workers to keep an eye on thepatrons' belongings while they are in the bath.
Nate: Wow. And do you wear a bathing suit or something?
Phil: Oh no! You don't wear anything. Then you go into the main bathing area and wash
your body while sitting on a small stool about 40 centimeters high.
Nate: On a stool!?
Phil: Yeah. It was really hard getting used to bathing in that position. Sometimes, even,
people wash each other's backs.
Nate: Oh really. So, what do you do after that?
Phil: Well, after you've rinsed off all the soap, they usually have two or three large baths
where you can soak for a while.
Nate: Do you actually share the bath with other people?
Phil: Yeah. Traditionally, the bath played an important role in the community. It gave
neighbors an opportunity to socialize while bathing.
Nate: Huh. Interesting.
Phil: When you're all done bathing, people relax in the dressing room by watching TV,
drinking tea or juice, or talking to friends. It's quite an experience.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

platform (noun): a raised area where you can sit
- The members of the local government were sitting on
a platformoverlooking the audience.
clear (adjective): not blocked or covered
- Once the table is clear of dishes, we will start the game.
patron (noun): customer or visitor
- Patrons are asked not to eat or drink in the art gallery.

belongings (noun): possessions

- Please do not leave your belongings unattended while in the
amusement park.
stool (noun): a small chair often made of wood or plastic
- The young boy sat on a stool as he shined my shoes.
rinse (off) (phrasal verb): remove soap or dirt from something
using water
- Please rinse off before you get in the swimming pool.
soak (soak): leave something in water or other liquid for a period of
- I enjoy soaking in the tub to relax and forget about the worries of
the day.
socialize (verb): to talk to or associate with others in a friendly
- I'm having a pool party this weekend as a way of socializing with
some of new neighbors.

Just a haircut, please!

Beautician: Hi. How can we help you today?
Customer: Yeah. I'd like to get my hair trimmed a little. Nothing fancy. Just a basic
Beautician: Well, can we interest you in today's special?
Customer: Um . . . Nah, nah . . .
Beautician: We'll shampoo, cut, (and) style your hair for one unbelievable low price
of $9.99 (nine ninety-nine). Plus, we'll give you a clean shave and a back massage to
help you relax.
Customer: Well, I don't know. I don't have much time, and . . .
Beautician: Best service in town!
Customer: Well, okay, I'll have the complete service today, but as I said before, I just
want to get my hair trimmed. A little off the top and sides. That's all. I mean, that's

Beautician: No problem. Relax. You're in good hands. Okay, here we go. Now, how
does this thing work?
Customer: Huh? Wait. You know what you're doing, right?
Beautician: Relax, sir, relax. I've been doing this for ten [cough] [Ten what?] Sit
back and relax. So, what do you do for a living?
Customer: I'm a lawyer, specializing in workplace accidents, and I'm in town for a
very important job interview, and . . .
Beautician: Oops.
Customer: What do you mean oops. Hey, can I see a mirror?
Beautician: Nothing to worry about, sir. Relax. I'm just making someadjustments to
the hair trimmer. There we are. Okay . . .
Customer: Ouch. That hurt. That really hurt! What are you doing anyway?
Beautician: Nothing to worry about, sir. Relax.
Customer: That's what you just said a minute ago, and look at all of my hair on the
floor. And how much are you really cutting off? And where's a mirror?
Beautician: Oh. And time for the shampoo. Just lean back, and we'll wash your hair
Customer: You mean what's left of it?
Beautician: Relax. [Your favorite word . . .] Relax.
Customer: Hey, hey, and you got shampoo in my eyes. I can't see. Where's the
Beautician: Relax, sir, relax. I'm almost finished.
Customer: Yeah, just wait till I get finished with you!
Beautician: Okay, okay, now let's dry your hair, put a little styling jell in it, and now
style it with a blow dryer, and brush. voila!
Customer: Hey, what happened to my hair? You butchered it! And what's left of my

hair turned purple. What kind of prank are you trying to pull here anyway? Are you
even a licensed beautician?
Beautician: Well, sir. We offer a money-back guarantee on all our work, so if you're
not completely satisfied . . .
Customer: Satisfied? I'm anything but satisfied. I want to talk to the manager . . .
Beautician: I'm sorry, but he's on vacation, and he left me in charge, so if you . . .
Customer: How in the world am I supposed to go to my job interview looking like
this? Forget it, forget it. Is there anyplace in this town that can give a decent haircut
and fix this damage?
Beautician: Well, my brother works next door, and he offers a complete package for .
Customer: I know, nine, ninety-nine. I've had it. Forget I even asked.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

trim (verb): cut just a little off
- He got his hair trimmed yesterday at a beauty salon.
fancy (adjective): not plain, elaborate
- She has a real fancy perm.
massage (noun): the action of rubbing parts of the body to help
with relaxation (also a verb)
- Some beauty salons give you a shoulder massage after they cut
your hair.
Huh? (interjection): What?, showing slight surprise
- Huh? Did you say $50 for a simple hair cut?
adjustments (noun): small changes or modifications
- Please wait a minute. I need to make a few adjustments to the
equipment before we begin.

lean back (also lean forward) (verb): to move the body backwards
and down, recline
- Don't lean back too far in your chair, or you'll tip it over.
voila (interjection): an expression to indicate satisfied completion
- Finally, you should bake the cake for 20 minutes, and voila, you've
made your first cake.
butcher (verb): to kill, and in this case, to cut without care
- My brother tried to cut his own hair with school scissors and
without a mirror, and he really butchered it badly.
in charge (adjective): in control
- She is in charge of the new project.
decent (adjective): nice, acceptable, proper
- The students did a decent job on the class presentation.

Leisure Activities
Stuart: Amy. So, how are you doing?
Amy: Oh, hi Stuart. School is so crazy these days, and when I'm not at school, I'm at
Stuart: Hey, listen. I'm getting together with Sara and Paul tonight, and a few of our
other friends are going to join us. [Oh.] And, we're . . . well, we're going out to eat
and then catch a movie. Why don't you come with us?
Amy: Hey, I'd love to, but I have to cram for a test tomorrow.
Stuart: Ah, come on. We're planning on having dinner around 6:30 and then seeing a
movie at 7:30. We should be home by 10:30 . . . 11:30 at the latest. I mean you're
always saying that you don't have any friends . . . and that your love life . . . well, that
you don't have one. Come on!
Amy: I . . . I don't think I'd better. I haven't been feeling well lately.
Stuart: Yeah, because you study too much. Well, we'll have a blast. Come on! Relax.
[Well . . .] And it's Sara's birthday, too. And we're throwing her a small birthday party
after the movie. Come on. Best friends always stick together.

Amy: Oh. Okay.

Stuart: Great. I'll pick you up at 6:00.
Amy: Okay. See you then, but I have to be back by 10:30.
Stuart: Ah, 10:30 . . . Midnight. It's all the same. See you at 6:00.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

catch a movie (verb): watch
- Let's catch a movie this afternoon after school is over.
cram (verb): study hard
- I had to cram all night for the final text in my biology class.
blast (noun): fun time
- Thanks for inviting me to the party yesterday. It was a real blast.
throw a party (verb): have
- My parents are throwing a big party for my brother who just got
midnight (adverb): 12 o'clock at night, the middle of the night
- I have to be back home by midnight. It's a family rule.

Marriage Preparation
Woman: Hey. What's this on Facebook? It says . . . Are you getting married?
Man: Yeah. Didn't you know that?
Woman: No. Why didn't you tell me about it? (It) says you're getting married next week.
Man: Yeah, and I'm bringing her over to mom's house tomorrow. You'll love Jasmine.
Woman: Jasmine?
Man: Yeah. Here's her picture on Facebook.

Woman: Oh. Wow.

Man: What? What do you mean?
Woman: Dad is not going to be impressed.
Man: Why?
Woman: She's got, like a lot her tattoos and a nose ring, and uh, I'm sorry. The family is
going to be really surprised.
Man: Ah, she's so, well, so sensitive and caring.
Woman:Um, well . . . . [ What? ] Have . . . have you taken any marriage prepclasses?
Man: Ah, who needs that anyway? I know all about women.
Woman: Yeah. Right, like . . . . What have you had? Like ten girlfriends in the last six
Man: Well, that's different!
Woman: Uh, listen. Obviously, you need to improve your communication skills, and the
best thing at this point . . . . if you're really set on marrying Jamie . . .
Man: Jasmine . . .
Woman: Okay, I'm sorry, Jasmine, anyway, um, you really should take a marriage prep
Man: What? What you are talking about? I know all about love and romance.
Woman: Uh. Right . . . .
Man: What? What do you mean?
Woman: Look. Okay. It's more than that. What do you know about, say, personal finance?
[ Well, you know . . . ] I mean, how are you going to manage your money together? Are
you going to have a joint bank account? Whose salary is going to pay the bills?
Man: Ah, no problem. No problem. We have that figured out. My paycheck is going to be
automatically transfered to her overseas bank account.
Woman: Oh. [ What? ] Uh, where exactly is this account? What's the name of the bank?

Man: Ah, I don't know. Jasmine's going to take care of that.

Woman: Oh, boy. Right. Um, well, what about children? Are you guys going to have any
Man: Well, I want a large family, so eight kids would be just about right.
Woman: Wow! What does Jasmine say about that?
Man: Ah, well, she doesn't want any kids, but I'll change her mind once we get married.
( Right. ) No problem.
Woman: Okay, what about housework? How are you going to handle that?
Man: Well, Jasmine won't mind doing it. ( (Did) she said that? ) Well, not exactly. We've
been just so busy planning out our honeymoon, that we just haven't worked out, you
know, these small details.
Woman: Great! You know what? By the time you learn her last name, I think things are
going to be over between the two of you.
Man: No, you just want and see.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

sensitive (adjective): understanding the feelings of others
- My spouse is very sensitive to our children's needs, and I love her
for that.
caring (adjective): kind
- If you have a caring attitude towards others, they will feel of your
love for them.
prep (adjective): short for preparation
- Taking a marriage prep class can help you develop better
communication skills with your family.
obviously (adverb): in a way that is easy to see and understand
- James obviously didn't listen to his wife's feelings because she is
still very angry with him.

improve (verb): make better

- How did you improve your relationship with your kids over the
at this point: at this time
- Amanda and Brandon don't want to get married at this point, but
they are talking about this in the future.
be set on something (verb): be determined to do something
- Why is Jessica set on marrying Andrew so quickly? They've only
known each other for three weeks.
joint (adjective): having something together
- My parents have a joint savings account.
work out (verb): find a solution or come to an agreement on
- Fortunately, they are getting counseling, and their marriage is
working out
- With time and patience, things work out in the end.

Martial Arts:
Protecting Yourself
Man: Hey, stop. [What?] And give me your money.
Woman: What? No, no. Listen here.
Man: No, you listen. Hand overyour purse, and I won't hurt you.
Woman: You've got to be joking.
Man: Do I look like I'm joking?
Woman: Heh. Look. I only have two dollars in change.
Man: I don't care. Give it to me! And your phone and credit cards.
Woman: Okay. Listen. Obviously, you haven't thought this through. I mean, who's going
to rob someone as they walk out of a karate studio? Really?

Man: Right. You don't fool me. Anyone can get a black belt online in 10 minutes. And I
have a knife.
Woman: Listen, mister. I'm telling you to back off. I'm a fifth-degree black belt, and I've
trained for 25 years. I don't want to hurt you, but I'll defend myself if I have to.
Man: Alright, baby. Let me have it.
Woman: You'd better call 911 first.
Man: Right.
[Punches and kicks and yells and screams . . . ]
Man: Ahh, oh, man. Ooohhhh. That hurts.
Woman: Yeah. Listen. Here's your two dollars. You'll need them to cover your medical

Key Vocabulary [Top]

hand over (verb): give up possession of something
- Robert had to hand over his driver's license to the police because
they caught him drinking and driving.
obviously (adverb): clearly
- Obviously, Jennifer can protect herself because she practices judo
three times a week.
think something through (verb): think about or consider
something carefully
- Why don't you think things through before you buy that
expennsive car?
fool someone (verb): trick or deceive someone
- The robber fooled everyone at the bank by wearing a wig and a
pink dress.
back off (verb): move away from someone
- The dog didn't back off when I yelled at it.

cover (verb): pay for something

- My parents are going to cover my tuition at college next semester.

Medical Advice
Receptionist: Dr. Carter's Office.
Ronald: Yes, I'd like to make an appointment to see Dr. Carter, please.
Receptionist: Is this your first visit?
Ronald: Yes it is.
Receptionist: Okay. Could I have your name please?
Ronald: Yes. My name is Ronald Schuller.
Receptionist: And may I ask who referred you to our office?
Ronald: Uh, I drove past your office yesterday.
Receptionist: Okay. How about the day after tomorrow on Wednesday at 4:00 O'clock?
Ronald: Uh. Do you happen to have an opening in the morning? I usually pick up my
kids from school around that time.
Receptionist: Okay. Um . . . how about Tuesday at 8:00 A.M. or Thursday at 8:15 A.M.?
Ronald: Uh, do you have anything earlier, like 7:30?
Receptionist: No. I'm sorry.
Ronald: Well, in that case, Thursday would be fine.
Receptionist: Okay. Could I have your phone number please?
Ronald: It's 643-0547.
Receptionist: Alright. And what's the nature of your visit?
Ronald: Uh . . .
Receptionist: Yes sir.

Ronald: Well, to tell the truth, I fell from a ladder two days ago while painting my house,
and I sprained my ankle when my foot landed in a paint can. I suffered a few scratches on
my hands and knees, but I'm most concerned that the swelling in my ankle hasn't gone
down yet.
Receptionist: Well, did you put ice on it immediately after this happened?
Ronald: Well yeah. I just filled the paint can with ice and . . .
Receptionist: And so after you removed the paint can . . . Sir, sir, Mr. Schuller, are you
still there?
Ronald: Well that's part of the problem. Uh, the paint can is still on my foot.
Receptionist: Look, Mr. Schuller. Please come in today. I don't think your casecan wait.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

refer someone or something (verb): directed or pointed to
- My brother referred me to this doctor.
- Please refer to page 30 in your textbook. You will find more
information on heart disease on that page.
happen (verb): have the chance or possibility of something
- I think he happens to know a doctor who might be able to help
you. Give him a call.
nature (noun): purpose
- What is the nature of your problem?
sprain (verb): twist suddenly
- I need to see a doctor today. I think I sprained my knee when I
slipped on the ice outside of my apartment.
case (noun): special circumstances or situation
- Wow. That looks like a bad cut. In this case, you'd better see a
doctor and get stitches. That cut won't heal well by itself.

Moving Company

Stacy: Hi.
Mark: Oh, Hi.
Stacy: Are you new in the neighborhood? [ Oh, yeah. ] Welcome, welcome to the
neighborhood. [ Oh. ] Hey, I'm Stacy. I live across the street.
Mark: Oh, Hi, Stacy. I'm Mark. Mark Jones.
Stacy: Um. Looks like your moving. Do you need any helpunloading your moving truck?
I can have my husband come or my kids.
Mark: Um, well, fortunately, the movers are going to do that, but you're welcome to, uh,
help carry in a few things out from our car.
Stacy: Yeah, sure, I can get them. So, where are you from?
Mark: Well, we're from originally from Chicago, but we just moved from a place called
Stacy: Oh, Springville, that's, uh. Isn't that the . . . the north end of the state
Mark: Yeah, just, yeah, not too far from here.
Stacy: How was your trip?
Mark: Well, it went pretty well. We hired a moving company, something my company
paid for, and it was simply more convenient than packing all our stuff, renting a truck, and
then moving everything ourselves.
Stacy: That's nice. How does this moving company work then? Was it pretty good?
Mark: Yeah. Well, in many cases, you can pack your own things and just have the
company load the boxes and your other items on the truck, or they'll pack everything for
you, and they can tow your vehicle behind the truck if you like, and they can even, you
know, move heavy items like pianos.
Stacy: Wow, that's nice. So, did everything go as planned?
Mark: Well, pretty much, except our cat disappeared [ Really? ] yeah, about three hours
before the movers left . . .
Stacy: Did you ever find it?
Mark: No, and uh, we're not sure if she ran away, got hit by a car, or what.

Stacy: Oh, that must be really hard on your family. Sorry to hear about that. [Yeah. ] Yeah,
that must be rough. [ Yeah. ] No sign of the cat?
Mark: Not yet.
Stacy: Uh, I'm sorry. So, um, what do you do for a living?
Mark: Well, I'm software developer.
Stacy: Oh, what do you do exactly in your job?
Mark: Well, um, most of the time, I develop educational software for schools
[Really? ] . . . Yeah, and at the moment, I'm working on several educational apps for, you
know, smart phones.
Stacy: Oh, that's . . . that's great.
Mark: Yeah, it's a really good job. And, so, how about yourself?
Stacy: Well, actually, I'm a high school history teacher.
Mark: Oh, wow, you know, actually, I've created two apps on world history that you
might be interested in.
Stacy: Serious?
Mark: Yeah.
Stacy: Oh, that sounds great. I'd love to see them. [ Yeah. ] By the way, um, you know,
we're having a barbecue at our place on Friday. [ Oh? ] Why don't you come over . . .
bring your family and get to know some of the neighbors?
Mark: Well, let me talk to my wife, but just so you know, we have nine kids. [Serious?
Nine kids? Wow ], yes, so they might eat all your food.
Stacy: Well, that's no problem. That's a lot of kids, but it'll be fun. Hey . . . [What? ] No,
just listen. [ Hey. ] Did you hear that? Listen, listen. It's coming from over there. It's in one
of the . . . there something in one of your boxes.
Mark: No way. Yeah.
Stacy: That sounds . . . That sounds like a cat. Is the cat in one of your . . . Did you find . .
. Did the cat get in one of your boxes?

Mark: I don't know. Let me look. Hey, let me move this box. Yeah.
Stacy: Wow!
Mark: Oh, no. I can't believe it! I'm sure the family is going to be happy about this.
Sarah: I bet. Congratulations!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

unload (verb): remove something from a truck
- Three men unloaded all of our things in two hours.
hire (verb): give work or a job to someone
- I want to hire a company to clean our carpets before we move.
load (verb): put something on a truck
- The movers are going to load the boxes onto the truck first.
tow (verb): pull something behind another vehicle
- We had to tow our car to the mechanic because it broke down
vehicle (noun): car or truck
- You should never leave children alone in vehicles while you are
rough (adjective): difficult
- Moving a family to a new city can be rough on children.
bet (verb): think that something is probably true
- I bet that they'll never move away from this area because their
parents live here.

New York Travel

Okay, everyone. I want to review the first two days of our travel itinerary for the trip.
Okay, yeah, please take out the paper that I handed out earlier. Okay. Uh. First of all,
we have been very fortunateto have been able to purchase discount tickets

to cover most of the transportation costs and scheduling (scheduled) activities. And I
want to also thank the, uh, group of parents who, uh, worked very hard in order to,
uh, raise funding, uh, through different businesses in the community. I really
appreciate that.
Uh, let's see. Okay, everyone should meet at the airport at 6:00 a.m. This will give
you time to check in and get through security. Our plane departs at 9:00.
Uh, our plane arrives in New York at 3:00 p.m, and we will take a bus from the
airport to the hotel. We've been able to get great rates on this hotel because we're
staying on a weekday instead of the weekend.
In the morning, for any of you who like to get exercise, we will be meeting in the
lobby around 6:00 a.m. to go jogging around Central Park for about 45 minutes, and
we'll get back to the hotel about the time when the restaurant opens, so you'll enough
time to grab a quick breakfast before we leave the hotel at 8:00. We'll be taking
a ferry ride to Ellis Island and then to Liberty Island to visit the Statue of Liberty. I
mean, this is something that you really can't miss, and later, we will go to Times
Square where you can have lunch on your own for about an hour from about 1 to 2.
Later in the afternoon, you have the choice of visiting the Empire State Building or
the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Either one of these is . . . are great*, and we have
some great, uh, group discounts. Uh, we will meet back at the hotel at 6:00 p.m., and
we'll have dinner at a very nice Italian restaurant downtown, and then we'll catch an
exciting broadway musical around 8:30 p.m.
Uh, any questions?
*"Either" generally takes a singular verb as in "Either of the students is available to help the teacher
after school."

Key Vocabulary [Top]

itinerary (noun): plan
- I printed twenty copies of the trip itinerary for the students.
fortunate (adjective): lucky
- I think we are very fortunate to have this chance to travel.
cover (verb): be enough money to pay for something
- Be sure to bring enough extra money to cover your food

depart (verb): leave

- Do you know when the plane departs tomorrow?
jog (verb): run at a slow speed (also, "go jogging")
- I like to jog everyday after work.
- My mom and dad go jogging together to get exercise.
ferry (noun): a boat for carrying people and cars
- They took a ferry to the beautiful island.
catch (verb): watch
- We wanted to catch the musical last night, but it was all sold out,
so wecaught a movie instead.

My Family Roots: Genealogy

Ana Maria Cavazos was born on June ninth, 1908, in Reynosa, Mexico.
She was the eleventh of twelve children.
Her father, Jesus Cavazos, was originally from Victoria, Texas, but his
family moved to Mexico around 1855.
Ana's mother, Juana Castro, was the oldest of six brothers and sisters.
Juana and Jesus were married in 1880. Ana's family came to the United
States during the Mexican Revolution in 1913. Their family experienced
much hardship. Ana grew up in Texas and met her future husband in
1929. Ana and Abel Contreras were married in 1931 and were the parents
of eleven children.
Thank you for joining this short presentation.

A Challenging, but Rewarding Job
Dad: Hey. Uh, what are you doing home this weekend? I thought classes didn't end until
next week.
Daughter: Hi Dad. I love you.
Dad: Ah, the three magic words: I NEED HELP! I've heard those before.

Daughter: Uh, Well, we'd better sit down.

Dad: Uh, this doesn't sound good.
Daughter: Well, first of all . . . hey, is that painting on the wall new?
Dad: No, no, no, no, no. Let's get back to the conversation now.
Daughter: Okay, first of all, I am failing all of my classes, I lost my job, Iwrecked my car,
I mean, your car last week. It's at the bottom of the lake . . . I think, and the laptop I
borrowed from you . . . well, it was in the backseat of the car. That's all of the good news.
Dad: Uh, wait . . .
Daughter: Dad. You're not saying anything . . .
Dad: Okay. Now, what's the bad news?
Daughter: Well, I just found out that my old boyfriend was a member of a gang; he says
that he and 20 of his friends are gonna come over here to talk to you about what
you posted on their Facebook page.
Dad: I don't even know how to use Facebook!
Daughter: Well, you do now. I have to go. I'd rather not be here in about 20 minutes.
Love you. Bye.
Dad: Ugh!!

Key Vocabulary [Top]

had better (modal of advice): similar to "should," but somewhat
stronger. There could be negative consequences if the advice or
suggestion is not followed.
- You'd better see a doctor before your condition takes a turn for the
fail (verb): not pass
- You will fail the test if you don't sit down and study.
wreck (verb; also noun): crash or destroy
- You're going to wreck your parents' car if you keep driving like this.

post (verb): put up something in writing on a wall or online

- I posted a funny message on her Facebook page this morning.

Personal Security
Man: Yes, I'd like to report a theft.
Police Officer: Okay. Can you tell me exactly what happened.
Man: Well, I was walking home from work two days ago, enjoying the
nature all around me . . . the birds, the frogs, the flowing stream . . .
[Okay, Okay] when this woman knocked me right off my feet, grabbed my
stuff, and ran off through the trees. [Hmm]. I was so surprised by the
ordeal that I didn't go after her.
Police Officer: Yeah. Can you describe the woman for me?
Man: Yeah. He was about a hundred and ninety centimeters tall . . .
Police Officer: Wait. You said a woman robbed you.
Man: Well, I'm not really sure. [Hmm]. You see, the person was wearing a
white and black polka dot dress, a light red sweater over it, and she . . . or
he . . . was wearing a pair of basketball shoes.
Police Officer: Humm. What else can you tell me?
Man: Okay. Like I said, the person was about 190 centimeters tall, heavy
build, with long wavy hair. She . . . or he . . . was probably in his or her
late 30's. I didn't get a good look at the person's face, but well ... uh ....
Police Officer: What? Was there something else?
Man: Well, the person . . . had a beard.
Police Officer: Ah! What was, uh, taken . . . exactly?
Man: Well, just my left shoe. Bizarre, isn't it?
Police Officer: Ah. The "bearded woman" has struck again!
Man: The "bearded woman"?

Police Officer: Yeah. It's this man who dresses up like a woman and, for
some unknown reason, removes the left shoe from his victims. He's really
quite harmless, though, and he usually returns the shoe to the crime
scene a couple of days later.
Man: Hey, he can keep my shoe, and I'll just take off my left shoe every
time I walk through the park.

Pizza Delivery
Employee: Hello. Can I take your order?
Customer: Yes. I'd like a largepepperoni pizza with mushrooms and green peppers.
Employee: Would you like anything else?
Customer: Well, wait. Uh, can I make that a half-and-half pizza?
Employee: Sure. What would you like on each half?
Customer: Uh, what toppings do you have?
Employee: Well, we have Italian sausage, ham, mushrooms, onions, pineapple, black
olives, green peppers, bacon, tomatoes, shrimp, clams, and squid.
Customer: Shrimp, clams, and squid!? What kind of pizza is that?
Employee: Uh, the manager spent some time overseas [Oh.], and thinks his new
seafood pizza will be a hit with customers, but to be honest, the "Swimmer's Special,"
as he calls it, is an acquired taste.
Customer: Uh, I'll pass on the "Sink or Swim" special, but I'll have pepperoni and
mushrooms on one half and green peppers and Italian sausage on the other. Oh, and
could I get extra cheese on that pizza?
Employee: Alright. Would you care for any bread sticks or beverage with your order?
[Well . . . I don't know.] Actually, we have a Friday night special going on right now
[Oh!], and if you order any large pizza and drink, we'llthrow in a free order of bread
sticks, plus a three dollar coupon for use with your next pizza order.
Customer: Huh, sure, why not. And what drink comes with the pizza?
Employee: Either apple or orange juice.

Customer: I'll take orange juice.

Employee: Okay. Your total comes to fifteen nineteen, which includes tax. [Okay.]
And could I have your name?
Customer: Uh, yeah, Jay Han.
Employee: Huh? Did you say "Jay Hand"?
Customer: No, it's "Han." Actually, it's a Korean name, but many people have
difficulty making it out. Hey, maybe I SHOULD change my name to "Hand."
Employee: Ah, names are important; don't change it. [Okay.] Oh, and your address
and telephone number?
Customer: It's 1340 South 16 East, and the phone number is 340-1870 (three-fourzero-eighteen, seventy).
Employee: Okay. Let me repeat your order. A large half-and-half pizza. [Okay.] One
half with pepperoni [Yeah.] and mushrooms and the other with Italian sausage and
green peppers. [Yeah.] Orange juice and your free order of bread sticks. Jan "Han,"
not "Hand," [Yeah, that's right.] at 1340 South 16 East, 340-1817. Is that correct?
Customer: Everything except for the phone number. It's 1870, not 1817.
Employee: Alright. Thanks for your order. It should arrive at your doorstep in 30
minutes or less, or you'll receive a free small pizza with your next order.
Customer: Great. Thanks.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

pepperoni (noun): a pork and beef sausage, sliced thinly for pizza
- My students ordered a pepperoni pizza for lunch.
be a hit (verb): be popular
- Ordering pizza for the party was a hit.
care for (verb): have a preference or liking for something
- Would you care for anything else today?

acquired taste (expression): a taste that takes time to get used to

- Some people say that learning to like sushi is an acquired taste.
beverage (noun): drink
- What kinds of beverages do you want to serve at the party?
throw in (verb): add
- That pizza shop always throws in a free drink with every order.
coupon (noun): a certificate used to receive money off on
- Let's use the pizza coupon that came in the mail.
make something out (idiom): understand or figure out
- I couldn't make out what the customer ordered because of the
poor telephone connection.

Carpet Cleaning
Radio Advertising
Hey you! This is your carpet speaking. Helllooo! Hey, I take a real beating from you and
your family everyday. The kids track mud all over me, the dog leaves abunch of fur balls
everywhere. You spilt coffee the other day while entertaining guests, and your husband
left a trail of potato chip crumbs from the sofa to the kitchen last night while watching the
football game. Don't you think it's about time to give me a good cleaning?
Now pick up that phone and call Master Cleaners now. I see them on the TV all the time.
They'll clean any three rooms for $29.95, and any connecting hall is free. Plus,
they'll throw in a free bottle of their amazing stain remover. And if you call now, you'll
receive a 15% discount off their already low prices. So come on! Give them a call at 6375001, and make life for me a little easier. Uh, nice doggie, nice doggie . . .

Key Vocabulary [Top

track (verb): bring inside something like dirt on your shoes
- The students tracked mud all over the hallways because it was
raining outside.

bunch (noun): a large amount

- Tim gave his girlfriend a bunch of roses for her birthday..
crumbs (noun): very small pieces of food
- Ants seem to be able to locate the smallest crumbs of food.
throw in (verb): add, provide, include
- If you buy the sofa, we'll throw in this coffee table.

Running Shoes
Sales Associate: Hi. Can I help you with anything today?
Customer: Yeah. I need some new running shoes.
Sales Associate: Okay, what type of running are you doing? I mean are you preparing for
a road race or do you need some trail shoes? We have them all.
Customer: I need some street shoes, and I need them to make me run fast, I mean real,
real fast.
Sales Associate: Well, sir, how fast you run depends on many things and . . .
Customer: But, you don't understand. You see, I've been dating this woman, and well, I
kind of told her that I'm a pretty good runner, and uh . . .
Sales Associate: Well, how much, how much DO you run? 10Ks, marathons? What
exactly are you doing?
Customer: Well, I don't really run. I mean I run out to get the newspaper in the morning.
Listen, I twisted the truth a little.
Sales Associate:Um, yeah, I's say.Well, how much does she run?
Customer: Uh, she's completed, I think, about 20 marathons, all under three hours.
Sales Associate: Ah, man, you're toast. You're in some serious hot water. The only good
new shoes will do for you is to kick yourself for not having been honest with her. Just fess
up with her.
Customer: Ah, ah, I think I have a leg cramp coming on. Believable?
Sales Associate: Forget it. She won't buy that story. Just be frank with her and apologize.
She may or may not accept your apology, but at least you can look at yourself in the

mirror and recognize that you told the truth. That way, you canlive with yourself another
Customer: Yeah. I realize that now.
Sales Associate: Hey, here's one idea. Tell her the truth and she what she says. If she
forgives you and you really want to start running, then I suggest signing up for the 5K
race we are sponsoring next month. This can get you started on a new path to fitness and a
positive relationship.
Customer: And if she doesn't forgive me?
Sales Associate: Well, that's just the consequence of not telling the truth.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

complete (verb): finish
- My sister completed the marathon in under four hours.
be toast (idiom): be in trouble
- You're toast if you don't apologize to your wife.
be in hot water (idiom): be in trouble
- Lauren is going to be in hot water if she doesn't clean the house
before the wedding reception.
fess up (idiom): admit a mistake
- Unless you fess up to the teacher about cheating, she will never
believe you in the future, and you will fail the class.
buy (a story) (idiom): believe something that someone tells you
- My parents bought my story. They think that I am going to spend
the night at my friend's house.
be frank (verb): be honest and tell the truth
- Why weren't you frank with your boss about the job? It always
pays to be honest.

live with oneself (idiom): accept a mistake or difficult situation

- How can he live with himself? He stole money from the company,
but he was justified in doing so.
sponsor (verb): support someone or something like a sports event
with money or other goods
- We are looking for companies to sponsor the race. Would you be
interested in doing so?

Movie Show Times

Hello and thank you for calling Riverview Cinemas, the city'sfinest theaters with
stadium seating. Box office opens 45 minutes before show time.
Movies currently playing include: Return to Mars II, rated PG 13 with a run time of 1
hour 53 minutes, showing at 12:00, 2:15, 5:00, and 7:20;Road Trip. rated R, a run
time of 1 hour 49 minutes at 11:15, 1:20, 3:45, and 6:05; Go for the Gold, rated PG.
Run time, 1 hour 37 minutes. Playing at 11:50, 2:00, 4:15, and 6:30, and Friends
Forever, rated G, at 12:10, 2:00, 3:50, 6:15, and 8:30. Run time, 1 hour 32 minutes.
These times are valid through the 17th of the month.
Matinee tickets are $2.00 before 4:00 p.m. for all patrons. Regular tickets are $6.00
for adults, $2.50 for children 3-11, and $4.50 for ages 12-17.Seniors are only
a buck fifty. All tickets on Tuesdays are $2.00. You can also purchase tickets online.
No wait, no lines.
We're located downtown on 1313 South 260 East, kitty-corner the Richards Science
Museum. Visit our website for up-to-date information.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

finest (adjective): best, superior quality
- This is the finest theater you will find in all of the city.
PG 13 (adjective): parental guidance strongly suggested for
children under 13. Some material might be inappropriate for these
- The movie is rated PG 13 for violence.

run time (noun): the length of time a movie plays

- Why don't you call the theater and ask about the run time of the
movie, so I know when to pick you up after it's over.
R (adjective): restricted, no one under 17 without a parent or
- We don't allow our kids to watch R-rated movies because they
often contain strong language.
G (adjective): general audience
- This movie is entertaining for all ages, and it's rated G.
valid (adjective): applicable, relevant, current
- These movie coupons are valid until the end of the month.
patrons (noun): customers or attendees
- Patrons are not permitted to bring their own drink and food into the
movie theater.
senior (noun): an older person
- Senior citizens receive discounts on movie tickets.
buck (noun): informal for dollar
- Some popcorn and a drink only cost a few bucks at that movie
purchase (verb): buy
- Let's purchase the movie tickets online so we don't have to wait in
line at the theater.
kitty-corner (adjective): slanted diagonally across two corners of a
street intersection
- The movie theater is kitty-corner the post office on First Street.
up-to-date (adjective): current or latest
- I always check movie listings online for the most up-todate information about show times and ticket prices.

Smart Phones

Woman: Hey. Uh, you look really unhappy. What's going on?
Young Man: Ah, you don't want to know.
Woman: Okay, see ya.
Young Man: Wait, wait, wait! Why are you walking away?
Woman: Well, you said I didn't want to know.
Young Man: No, wait. You see my parents don't really love me.
Woman: What do you mean? When I met them last week, they seemed reallycaring.
Young Man: Uh, you don't understand! You see. I want a new smart phone . . . I mean, I
need one, and my parents won't buy me it!
Woman: Uh, excuse me, but uh, don't you already have a iPhone?
Young Man: Man, yeah, but it's three months old, and it has a small scratch on it.
Woman: Where? Let me see. [Look!] I don't see a scratch.
Young Man: Look, look right here!. [THAT?] [Do] you see it?
Woman: It's just a speck of dust.
Young Man: Anyway. And my other phone . . .
Woman: What? You have two phones?
Young Man: That's beside the point.
Woman: So, so, did your parents give you a reason for not buying you a new phone?
Young Man: Not a good one. Only something about being self-reliant and not being
so entitled, or something like that. And now they want to work . . . on the neighbor's farm
to pay for it. [Good idea!] It's not fair.
Woman: Hey, I think I know the problem. [What?] Take a look in the mirror. You'll see
both the problem and the solution.
Young Man: Uh! You're no help.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

walk away (verb): leave
- The store owner wouldn't drop the price on the old model of
iPhone, so I just walked away.
caring (adjective): kind
- My sister is so caring that she let me borrow her new phone when
mine broke.
speck of dust (noun): a very, very small piece of dirt
- Be sure to clean off any specks of dust off your camera lens
before you take pictures. Otherwise, they won't turn out well.
beside the point: not important or relevant
- I know my phone is six years old, and the camera is broken on
it. That's beside the point. It still works, so I don't need to buy a new
self-reliant (adjective): having the ability to take care of oneself,
- Joseph is very self-reliant. He never asks his parents for financial
help because he wants to take care of things on his own.
entitled (adjective): having the feeling that you deserve something,
sometimes without even working for it
- My younger brother feels so entitled. He wants my parents to buy
him a new computer, but he isn't willing to pay for part of it. He
thinks it's their job to do everything for him.

Kicking the Habit
Woman: Hey. Are you okay?
Man: Yeah. I just have a cold, I think.
Woman: No, no you don't. You've sounded like that for a while. You smoke, and you're
dying from it.

, Man: What? Well, you know, I'm just . . .I'm just a casual smoker, and I can quit anytime
I want.
Woman: No, you can't. You smoke two packs a day, and I DONT call that a casual
Man: Hey, it's my choice, so butt out. We've talked about this before, and I'm tired of you,
mom, and dad nagging me about it all the time.
Woman: Okay, but what about your kids? Don't you worry about how your smoking is
affecting them?
Man: It's not a problem. I smoke outside.
Woman: Yeah, but don't you worry they'll start smoking too?
Man: No. They won't. I know my kids. I trust them.
Woman: Yeah, yeah. Didn't you say that Jacob got caught smoking a week ago at school?
Man: Yeah, but it was the first time . . . He's under a lot of pressure these days.
Woman: Yea, right. The first time you know of. He's lying to you.
Man: I trust him.
Woman: Really. Well, what about these cigarettes? [ What? ] Right here! [ Oh! ] I found
them in his clothes when he stayed over last night. Listen.
Man: They . . . They're probably not his!
Woman: There his. He's following your example. You can't expect him NOT to smoke
when you smoke yourself.
Man: Hey. Don't tell me how to raise my kids. It's my job.
Woman: I won't have to. You're killing yourself, and someone else is going to be raising
your kids for you.
Man: Well, what does that mean?
Woman: Figure it out. Listen. I ('ve) got to go now. If you want to talk more, I'll be at
mom's house.

Man: Whatever.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

sound like (verb): seem, appear
- It sounds like Andrew has a serious problem with alcohol.
casual (adjective): happening at certain times, not usual
- My brother says he's just a casual drinker, but he often gets drunk
at home.
butt out (verb): not interfere or get involved in someone's personal
- Why can't you just butt out of my personal life? I don't want your
advice or help.
nag (verb): annoy or complain about something by asking repeated
- My sister always nags me about not cleaning my room.
trust (verb): believe somewhat is honest
- I don't trust my roommate because he doesn't tell the truth all of
the time.
get caught (verb): someone discovers that you are doing
- Ashley got caught drinking in the bathroom at school.
figure something out (verb): begin to understand something
- When is Bryan going to figure out that he can't smoke in front of
his kids?

Snacks and Candy

Dean: Hey, man. What's up?
Tod: Ah, first of all, I put abuck in the vending machinefor a seventy-five cent candy
bar, and the thing got stuckhere in the machine. Then, I pressed the change button

[Ah, man] , and nothing happened. [Wow!] Nothing came out. The dumb thing still
owes me a quarter.
Dean: Well, did you talk to the man at the snack bar to see if he could refund your
Tod: Yeah, I tried that, but he said he didn't own the machine, and I'd have to call the
phone number on the machine.
Dean: What a bummer.
Tod: Hey, I have an idea. [What?] Why don't we rock the machine back and forth
until the candy bar falls?
Dean: Nothing doing. I don't want to be responsible for breaking the thing, and
besides, someone might call the cops.
Tod: Ah, don't worry. I've done it before.
Tod: Oh well. Hey, hey, tough luck. Hey, here, take my candy bar. [You mean?] Yeah,
the machine and I hit it off earlier today.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

buck (noun): informal for dollar
- Could I borrow a buck to buy a drink from the snack bar?
vending machine (noun): a machine from which you can buy items
like candy or drinks
- In some places, you can find a vending machine on almost every
street corner.
get stuck (verb): unable to move
- I got stuck in traffic on the way home from work.
refund (verb; also a noun): give someone their money back
- That store will refund your money if there is a problem with the
item you buy.

bummer (noun): a disappointing situation

- It was a real bummer that you lost your last buck in that vending
rock (verb): move back and forth
- I sometimes rock the baby when he can't sleep.
nothing doing (noun): no way, used when refusing something
- Are you asking me to loan you more money? Nothing doing!
tough luck (noun): an expression of sympathy about a problem
- Did she really break your date? Tough luck.
hit it off (verb): like someone as soon as you meet
- The man at the store and I hit it off the first time I entered, and
now he always gives me discounts on certain purchases.

Snow Skiing
Man: Whew! It's pretty cold today.
Woman: Yeah. My fingers arenumb.
Man: So, do you often ski here?
Woman: No, this is my first time. Actually, this is my first time skiing . . . ever.
Man: So, how do you like it so far?
Woman: The snow is great [Yeah . . .], but it's too crowded. You know, two people
crashed into me on my first run, and some stupid skier was going way too
fast . . . drove me into some trees. [ Wow! ] I crashed and lost one of my gloves. [ Oh,
man. ] Fortunately, I had an extra pair with me.
Man: Wow. Well, did the woman stop and apologize?
Woman: No, it was a man. I'm certain of it. He just . . . he just laughed at me. Why do
you think it was a woman, anyway?
Man: Uh, well, no reason. I mean, well, you know.
Woman: What? You know what?

Man: Uh, uh, nothing.

Woman: Yeah. You just wait until I find that guy.
Man: Uh, well, what are you going to do to him, I mean, if you find him?
Woman: First, I'm going to break his skis. [ Oh, well . . . ] And then, I'm going to take his
picture and post it on Facebook.
Man: Uh, don't you think that's a little drastic? Perhaps, it was a simple mistake. And how
are you going to identify him anyway?
Woman: Oh, that's easy. He was wearing bright red boots and a purple hat . . . um, just
like yours. Heh, heh, heh . . .
Man: Now, now, now. Wait, wait! Yeah. What do you mean? [ Yeah . . . ] Wait! Why are
you looking at me? You don't think it was me, do you? . . . Do you like jazz music?

Key Vocabulary [Top]

whew (interjection): a sound to show that you are surprised, hot, or
- Whew! I almost ran into that tree. That was close!
numb (adjective): not able to feel parts of your body because of
- My fingers and toes are so numb. I'd better go inside and get
drive something (verb): move something with force (this is
different than driving a car
- The hunters drove the deer out of trees and into the open
apologize (noun): to say sorry or feel regret for doing something
- I apologize for not going skiing with you today. I'm just not feeling

certain (adjective): without a doubt, positive

- I am certain that Jennifer will come with us to the ski resort
drastic (adjective): extreme, serious
- The ski resort took drastic steps to increase business.

Street Market
Merchant: Well hi there. What are you looking for today?
Customer: Uh, I'm just looking.
Merchant: Well, how about a ring for someone special?
Customer: There IS no one special.
Merchant: Well, take a look at this CD player. A great bargain today only.
Customer: Nah. I already have one, plus the handle is cracked.
Merchant: Okay. Well what about this genuine leather jacket? It would look great on you.
Customer: Hum. Let me take a look at it.
Merchant: Sure.
Customer: Umm. There are stains on the sleeves. I'll pass.
Merchant: Well okay. Well, wouldn't you like to walk home with some of these great
records? Some of the best hits from the 1960's.
Customer: Yeah, let's see. [Yeah] Now here's something I'd . . . Ah, these records are
Merchant: [Laughter] Just in a couple places. Listen. I'll sell you these ten records for
fifty dollars. A steal!
Customer: Whoa! They're way too expensive. I'll give you twenty-five bucks for them.
Merchant: Ah, come on. I can't charge you less than thirty dollars and break even.
Customer: Well, that guy over there is selling similar records for a much better price

[Ah!], so thanks anyway.

Merchant: Wait, wait, wait, wait. You drive a hard bargain. Twenty-eight dollars, and
that's my final offer.
Customer: Huh . . . I'll think about it.
Merchant: Wait, wait, wait, wait. Listen. I'll even throw in this vase.
Customer: Now what am I going to do with a vase?
Merchant: Well, you can give it to that someone special when you find her. . . and this
ring would look great with it.
Customer: Oh, I'll stick with the records.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

steal (noun): a great bargain
- For only $10, that radio is a steal.
buck (noun): one dollar (informal)
- Hey. Can you loan me a few bucks until the end of the week?
break even (verb): end up with no profit or loss at the end of some
business activity
- Business was good yesterday at the store, but in the end, we
barely broke even.
drive a hard bargain (idiom): expect a lot for what you pay for
- She drives a hard bargain whenever she sells clothing in the
outside marketplace.
throw in (phrasal verb): add or include
- I'll buy the ring if you throw in the necklace too.
stick with (phrasal verb): stay with, not changing to something else
- Although that is a nice jacket, I think I'll stick with the one I bought
yesterday. I don't need two jackets.

Suicide Prevention
Woman: Hey, how are you doing?
Man: Uh, I guess okay . . . kind of.
Woman: Yeah, Mom said Daniel isn't doing so well. What's going on?
Man: Well, uh, for some reason I always thought raising kids would be a lot easier than it
Woman: Yeah, I know. Tell me about it. What's, what's the problem?
Man: Well, for about six months, he's been really down, and sometimes, I can't get him
out of bed in the morning to go to school. He just seems so depressed. I just can't figure it
Woman: So, this has been going on like half a year?
Man: Yeah, kind of on and off, but I don't know. I . . . I just thought it would just kind of
go away, and I just thought things would just get, I don't know, get better.
Woman: Yeah, that's not, that's pretty worrrisome. Um, I mean, I've noticed he's
not hanging out with Jared very much anymore. You know, is he . . . what's he doing when
he's up?
Man: Well, uh, a lot of the time he's not up. He just kind of uh, stays in bed. [Really? ] I
just can't figure it out. I don't know.
Woman: Yeah, that's, that's a big problem. I can see why you're really worried about him.
Have you considered taken him to see a therapist, or a psychologist, or anybody?
Man: Ah, no. I, I . . . It's probably just a phase or something. I think some kids
were picking on him at school, but I think that's stopped. He doesn't talk about it anymore,
so I guess that's over.
Woman: So, you're saying that he was like being bullied and stuff?
Man: Yes, yeah. But he didn't talk about it a lot. I thought it was just, you know, having
some problems, and it just kind of would go away.
Woman: Well, you know, I don't know about that with the bullying or whatever, but you
know, this has been going on for a long time. You really need to seriously address it.
Man: I don't know. Uh, and well, his girlfriend just broke up with him, so I guess maybe

that's had an impact on him.

Woman: Yeah, it has. Uh, that explains a lot. Um, have you looked at his Facebook page
lately? [ What? ] He posted some stuff, well, he was posting some stuff, I think it was last
night around midnight, um, yeah, talking about how much life sucks, wishing he could
just disappear. [ Oh! ] Um, you know, I can't remember exactly the words he said, but I
know that it really, really worried me. Some of the things he wrote are signs of, they
might be thinking about suicide.
Man: Ah, I, I, I just can't figure that out. I mean, kids sometimes just talk like that. I, I, I
thought. I thought that was kind of natural.
Woman: Yes, sometimes they do that. That's what makes it hard. Sometimes, kids just
talk like that, but some of them are serious, and some of them end up talking their own
lives. Some of them really do kill themselves. You know, you need to take this seriously.
Six months (of being depressed) isn't normal. Six months isn't just to act like this isn't just
a phase. It's, there's something going on.
Man: So, any ideas? I mean, what should I do? I'm just kind of at a loss here.
Woman: Oh, you know. I was talking to a woman the other day about her daughter. Um,
there are crisis numbers you can call. Also, you could go to the hospital; you can do to the
emergency room, and they do assessments there. Psychological assessments. [ Okay. ]
Um, you know, it might be kind of hard to get him out to the hospital, to get him out to go
with you if you can't get him out to go to school, but you need to take this seriously.
[ Yeah . . . ] You could take him down to the hospital, down to the emergency room, so . . .
Man: I don't know.
Woman: You know, it's really important because you've got to get on top of it. He needs
you; he needs to know that you really love him, that you're not just kind of ignoring this.
Man: You know, I recently noticed that that I just saw some marks on his arms the other
day, and I didn't know. I asked him about it. Kind of looked like some scratches, or
something, and . . .
Woman: I saw those too, and those aren't scratches. They're too deep to be scratches. He's
doing self-harm, too.
Man: Oh, man.
Woman: You know, um, these are really serious things, and he's crying out for help. He
doesn't know how to handle what is going on in his life. He's really struggling.
Man: You know, about a month ago, there was another boy in school, I think it (he) was

about his age that, uh, took his own life, and I am wondering if that's had an impact on
Woman: Umm, don't you think it would have?
Man: Probably. I don't know how well he knew the boy, but uh, I don't know.
Woman: Yeah, things like that do have an impact on kids, and you just can'trun the risk.
He might be mad at you for hauling him down to to the hospital, but you need help to find
out what's going on, so that you can support him, and so you can make sure you are
getting him all the help that he can have. These things are serious, and you don't want to
look back later and say I wish I had done that.
Man: Right. Well, yeah, send me that information, and uh, I'll start looking at it.
Woman: Alright, thanks. Man: Thanks.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

be or feel down (verb): feel sad or depressed
- My sister has felt really down since she lost her job.
hang out with (verb): spend time with
- Are you going to hang out with your friends tonight? It might cheer
you up.
consider (verb): think about
- You should consider meeting with a psychologist to discuss your
concerns and problems.
pick on (verb): treat someone badly
- Several boys were picking on Andrew at school today, and now he
doesn't want to go to school tomorrow.
address (verb): deal with or talk about something
- How is the school addressing the two recent suicides with all of
the students?

post (verb): publish a message, picture, or document.

- Three girls posted terrible messages about our daughter online,
and now she is feeling very depressed and suicidal.
phase (noun): a part or step of a process
- Some people might say that feeling down is just a phase in a
teenager's life, but such situations should be taken seriously.
be at a loss (idiom): not know what to say or do
- We were at a loss on how to help our son with his depression, so
we got professional help from a therapist.
crisis (noun): dangerous or difficult emergency (plural form
is crises)
- The loss of a job, good health, or loved one can be
significant crises that everyone might face at some point in their
assessment (noun): a check, test, or evaluation
- The hospital needs to do an assessment of his emotional state
before they admit him.
impact (noun): effect
- Your physical health can have an impact on your emotional health.
run the risk (idiom): take the risk
- You should take Ashley to see a therapist soon. You just don't
want to run the risk of her doing something to harm herself.
haul (verb): pull, drag, or force someone to go somewhere
- The police had to haul the man to the hospital because he
became a danger to himself.

Taxi Ride
Passenger: Hey Taxi! Ah great. Thanks for pulling over.
Driver: Where to?
Passenger: Well, I'm going to the National Museum of Art, and . . . .

Driver: Sure. Hop in. No problem. Hang on!

Passenger: Uh. Excuse me. How long does it take to get there?
Driver: Well, that all depends on the traffic, but it shouldn't take more than twenty
minutes for the average driver. [Oh]. And I'm not average. I have driving down to an art,
so we should be able tocruise through traffic and get there in less than twelve minutes.
Passenger: Okay. Uh, sorry for asking [Yeah?], but do you have any idea how much the
fare will be?
Driver: Oh, it shouldn't be more than 18 dollars . . . not including a . . . uh-hum . . . a tip
of course.
Passenger: Oh, and by the way, do you know what time the museum closes?
Driver: Well, I would guess around 6:00 O'clock.
Passenger: Uh, do you have the time?
Driver: Yeah. It's half past four. [Thanks] Uh, this IS your first time to the city, right?
Passenger: Yeah. How did you know?
Driver: Well, you can tell tourists from a mile away in this city because they walk down
the street looking straight up at theskyscrapers.
Passenger: Was it that obvious?
Driver: Well . . .
Passenger: Oh, before I forget, can you recommend any good restaurants downtown
that offer meals at a reasonable price?
Driver: Umm . . . Well, the Mexican restaurant, La Fajita, isfantastic. [Oh] It's not as
inexpensive as other places I know, but the decor is very authentic, [Okay] and
the portions are larger than most places I've been to.
Passenger: Sounds great! How do I get there from the museum?
Driver: Well, you can catch the subway right outside the museum. There are buses that
run that way, but you would have to transfer a couple of times. And there are taxis too, but
they don't run by the museum that often.

Passenger: Okay. Thanks.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

pull over (verb): to stop a vehicle to the side of the road
- We pulled over so we could rest and enjoy the scenic view.
down to an art (verb): to learn something very well
- My brother has skiing down to an art.
cruise (verb): to drive at a moderate speed, often leisurely or
- The football players cruised around the city after the big game.
do you have the time (verb): "Do you know what time it is?"
- Excuse me. Do you happen to have the time?
skyscrapers (noun): very tall city buildings
- The city has decided to build a new skyscraper in the downtown
offer (verb): to provide or furnish
- This travel agency is offering discount travel tickets to students
until the end of the week.
reasonable (adjective): fair, not excessive or severe
- The prices at that department store are very reasonable.
fantastic (adjective): super, wonderful, unbelievably great
- The musical last night was fantastic.
decor (noun): the indoor furnishings of a building or home
- The hotel's decor was designed by a local decorator.
authentic (adjective): real, not counterfeited
- The teacher create a very authentic classroom atmosphere for her

portions(noun): an individual amount of food

- The portions were so large that we couldn't finish the meal.

Texting and Driving

Woman: Hey. Are you leaving now? [ Yeah. ] Could you give me a ride to the train
Man: Sure. Get in.
Woman: Oh, I'm glad I caughtyou. My train leaves in about 20 minutes, and I don't have
time to walk there.
Man: No problem. Oh, I just got a text from my mom about her doctor's appointment.
Woman: Wait. You're not going to text and drive, are you?
Man: Yeah. I'm pretty good at it. Watch! Now, look here . . .
Woman: No, no. Hey, hey, to be honest, I feel uncomfortable with you trying to do both
at the same time . . . and it is against the law.
Man: I've had a lot of practice.
Woman: No really, I'll just walk. Pull over. I can catch the next train.
Man: No, no, no. I'm almost finished with this text . . . . just a second.
Woman: Watch out!! [ Scream ]
Man: AHHHH! Oh, no. My car.
Woman: Oh, no. OH NO!! Forget your car. The driver of the other car looks like
a pro wrestler, and boy, does he look angry. Oh, no, oh no. He just punched that light pole
and smashed his car window with his fist.
Man: Oh, Hey, uh switch me seats?
Woman: No. Forget it. I think it would be a good time for you to text or call the
police. Man: Augh.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

catch (verb): to reach something or someone in time

- Did you catch your father before he left home?
pull over (verb): to move your car to the side of the road and stop
- The police pulled me over because I was speeding, and I had a
broken taillight.
pro (adjective): professional
- Amanda is a real pro at tennis and riding her motorcycle.
smash (verb): to hit something hard
- James smashed his car into a telephone pole because he wasn't
paying attention to the road.
switch (verb): to change
- How many times have you switched jobs since you graduated
from college?

Traffic Ticket
Police Officer: Okay. May I see your driver's license please?
Driver: What? Did I do anything wrong?
Police Officer: License, please. And your car registration.
Driver: Oh, yeah. It's here somewhere in the glove compartment. Yeah, here it is.
Police Officer: Sir, did you realize you were speeding in a schoolzone?
Driver: What? No, I didn't, but that's probably because my odometer is broken, I
mean, malfunctioning.
Police Officer: Yes, you were going 50 miles per hour in a 20 miles per hour zone. And
[What?] AND, you failed to come to a complete stop at theintersection back there.
Driver: Rolling stops don't count?
Police Officer: And, one of your break lights is out, [Huh?], you're not wearing a seat
belt, AND your driver's license expired six months ago.
Driver: And your name is . . . . Officer Smith? Hey, are you related to the Smiths in town?
My wife's cousin's husband (I think his name is Fred) works for the police department

here. Or was that the fire department. Anyway, I thought you might be good pals, and you
know . . .
Police Officer: Hey, are you trying to influence an officer? I could have this
carimpounded right now because of these infractions.
Driver: No, of course not.
Police Officer: Okay, then. Here's your ticket. You can either appear in court to pay
the fine or mail it in. Have a nice day.
Driver: Do you take cash?

Key Vocabulary [Top]

glove compartment (noun): a small space, usually on the
dashboard of the car, used for storage
- People usually keep the car's registration and other small items in
theglove compartment.
zone (noun): area
- You cannot park your car in this zone outside the airport.
odometer (noun): a meter that measures speed and distance
- Check your odometer. I think you're speeding.
malfunction(verb): fail to perform properly
- If any part of your car malfunctions during the warranty period, just
take it back to the car dealership.
intersection (noun): the place where two or more roads cross each
- It looks like the traffic light at the intersection is malfunctioning and
is not changing from stop to go.
pal (noun): a close friend
- He went for a drive with some of his high school pals.

impound (verb): to take or seize by legal authority

- The police impounded the man's car because it was involved in a
infractions (noun): minor crimes or violations against the law
- Because the man had been involved in numerous infractions with
the law, his license was suspended for an entire year .
fine (noun): money that is paid as a penalty
- She had to pay a one hundred dollar traffic fine for running a red

TV Guide
Paul: So, what do you want to watch on TV tonight?
Brenda: Well, what's on?
Brenda: Well, hmm. There is a reality show on at 7:00 on channel 5.
Paul: Nah, you know I don't like reality shows. I mean, they usually show people
doing crazy things like, you know, eating live fish or swimming in a pool full of
snakes. I don'tget into that.
Brenda: Okay. Well, how about watching a documentary on the life of panda bears in
the wild?
Paul: Personally, I'd rather watch something with a little bit more action andsuspense.
Brenda: Well, then. Ah, here's something. Do you want to watch a rerun of Star
Paul: Nah, I've seen it a zillion times. I'd like to see something different.
Brenda: Okay, let's see here. Oh, how about this? On channel 2 at 9:00, there's a
home improvement show about fixing anything around the house. We do have a few
things that you could repair in the bathroom . . .
Paul: Fixing things? Uh, boy, I'm beat. I think I'm going to hit the sack.
Brenda: You're going to bed?
Paul: Yeah. I have to get up early tomorrow . . .

Brenda: . . . and then you're going to fix the bathroom?

Paul: Good night.
Brenda: Okay. Too bad, though. There's a basketball game on right now, but . . . but I
guess you can catch the score in tomorrow's newspaper.
Paul: Oh, okay. I'll stay up and keep you company while I . . . I mean, you . . . I
mean, WE watch the game.
Brenda: I thought you'd change your mind. I'll get the popcorn.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

get into something (verb): be interested in something
- I didn't think the kids would get into watching that nature program,
but they loved it
documentary (noun): a television program that gives facts on a
person, place, or thing
- Hurry. Switch the channels. I don't want to miss
the documentary on space travel.
suspense (noun): a feeling of excitement about what will happen
- She liked the movie because it was full of suspense from
beginning to end.
rerun (noun): a TV program that is shown over again
- This channel usually shows reruns of programs from the 1960s
late in the evening.
zillion (noun): a very large number
- Sometimes, kids don't mind watching the some TV cartoons
a zillion times.
improvement (noun): a change that makes something better
- There are a number of improvements you can make on your
writing assignment. Read it again and see what you can do.

beat (adjective): very tired

- I was so beat last night that I feel asleep watching TV.
hit the sack: go to sleep
- He hit the sack early because he has to work in the morning.

Vacation Plans
Pete: Hey Markus. I have a question I'd like to ask you.
Markus: Yes. Go ahead.
Pete: Well, I'm thinking about going to Germany this summer [Great!], and I need some
advice. You're the best person I know to answer my questions since you're German.
Markus: Thank you. What do you want to know?
Pete: Well, don't laugh, but I met this really nice woman through an online music mailing
list, you know, a discussion group on the Internet [laughter]. I need some advice. You see,
Claudia, . . .
Markus: Okay. So it's Claudia, oh?
Pete: Yeah, yeah. See, she invited me to spend two weeks in Germany [Hum]. And well, I
told here I had studied a little bit about the country and language [Hum], and she's kind of
expecting that I know more than I really do.
Markus: Hum. You're really in hot water now!
Pete: Yeah. I think so.
Markus: Well, what do you want to know?
Pete: Well, she's planning on introducing me to her parents.
Markus: Hey. Sounds kind of serious.
Pete: It isn't, at least I think it isn't. Anyway, what should you do when you greet someone
for the first time in Germany?
Markus: Well, it depends upon your relationship with the person. Now, speaking of your
girlfriend, Claudia, . . . .

Pete: Hey, I didn't say she was my girlfriend.

Markus: Ah, okay, okay. Now if you're meeting someone formally for the first time, like
Claudia's parents, you should make sure you arrive on time.
Pete: Okay, so arrive on time. Uh, what about common greetings?
Markus: Well, Germans often shake hands, and they use the person's family name, unless
they're really close friends.
Pete: Okay, what about with Claudia? I'm not sure what I should do in her case.
Markus: Ah. You can call her Claudia [Okay], shake hands, and why don't you take her
some flowers?
Pete: Oh, how do you say "Nice to meet you" anyway?
Markus: Oh, "Ich freue mich, Sie kennenzulernen."
Pete: "Ich freu me senselen. . ? "
Markus: Uhhh. Not exactly. "Ich freue mich, Sie kennenzulernen" [Uhhh].
Markus: Humm. Honestly, I think you need to take a crash course in German before you
leave. Claudia might think you're speaking Chinese or something if you don't.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

mailing list (noun): a list of people who subscribe or join a mailing
distribution on a particular topic
- I'd like to join a mailing list on studying intercultural communication
so I can exchange ideas with others.
to be in hot water: to be in a difficult situation or in trouble that
might lead to punishment
- The politician is in hot water because of his insensitive comments
at the conference.
common (adjective): the same for many situations and people
One common gesture of friendship is to greet someone with a firm
handshake while looking them in the eye.

crash (adjective): quick, complete, short or intensive, often difficult

She took crash course in Spanish before she left for Mexico, but I'm
not sure if it helped.

Weekly Activities
Daughter: Dad, can I go to a movie this week with Shannon?
Father: Here. Try this. It's called a book. [Ah, Dad!] Moby Dick. An American classic.
[Dad!] Okay. Let me look at the schedule here. Hmm. When are you thinking about going
to the movie?
Daughter: Uh, we're thinking about seeing a movie on Wednesday after school.
Father: Well, that's not going to work. You have piano lessons after school and then you
have to babysit for the neighbors until 9:00.
Daughter: What about Monday?
Father: Monday's out. You haven't practiced your clarinet at all . . . for an entire month,
so you have to catch up on that. And, don't you have an essay due in your English class on
Daughter: Oh, I forgot about that [Yeah], and anyway, I was going to finish that during
first period at school. [Great. I've never heard of a three-sentence essay.] So, what about
Father: Uh, you have soccer practice from 4:00 until 5:30, and after that, you have to do
your homework.
Daughter: Ah, you can help me with that. Oh, I forgot you don't know how to
dogeometry. So, can I see the movie on Thursday?
Father: Well, remember the science fair at school is on Friday, right? Is, is your project
finished yet?
Daughter: Umm, what about Friday night? I checked the paper, and there's a midnight
Father: Uh-uh. Forget that idea.
Daughter: And Saturday?
Father: Well, you have to do your chores in the morning before noon. [You can help me
with that.] Oh no. And then, we have to clean out the garage. You said you'd help. [No,

you volunteered me.] Well, that should only take a couple of hours. [Dad,
you're ruining my social life.] And then, after that, we can go to the movie.
Daughter: We?
Father: Yeah, We. Mom and I and you and Shannon.
Daughter: Uh, Dad, actually. We weren't planning on company.
Father: Now, let me check the paper for showtimes. [The movie plays at three oh five,
five, seven fifteen, and nine.] You already checked, I see.
Daughter: Yeah. So is it okay? Can I go see the nine O'clock showing?
Father: The five o'clock showing!
Daughter: How about the seven o'clock showing?
Father: And why are you so concerned about the show time?
Daughter: Well, I don't know if I'll get all of my chores and homework done before then.
Father: Sorry, but I want you to get to bed early that night, and so, I can drop you off at
the movie theater about 4:30 so you'll have time to get tickets.
Daughter: Uh, Dad. Can I have money for the movie?
Father: Sure, just go into the family bank vault behind secret mirror in the hall and take a
few hundred. [Dad!]. Look. I can only spare a few dollars, so you'll have to come up with
the rest, okay?
Daughter: Okay. Thanks, Dad.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

catch up (verb): reach a point where one should be

- I need to catch up on my sleep. I've been very tired recently.

geometry (noun): math of lines, points, and shapes

- My daughter is taking geometry in junior high school now.

uh-uh (verb): informal for no

- Uh-uh. I don't like to do housework at all.

chores (noun): housework

- If you do your chores quickly, I'll take you shopping.

ruin (verb): destroy or damage

- My dad asked me to babysit tonight, so that ruined my plans to go out with friends
to a movie.

vault (noun): a room or space, often made of steel, for safekeeping valuables like
money or important documents
- The millionaire kept all his valuable coins, paintings, and jewelry in a
secret vault in his house.

spare (verb): give up carefully

- My son needed money to fix his care, but I could only spare $200
since I didn't have much money either.

World Cup Soccer

Woman: Hey. Have you been watching any of the World Cup soccer matches?
Man: Well, I was watching until my favorite team was bounced out ofthe first round of
play. I mean, they should have made all the way to the second round, but a whole series of
events cost the team the opportunity to prove themselves on the world stage.
Woman: What do you mean?
Man: Well, in the first match, two of their star players were out with nagginginjuries, so
the rest of the players, unfortunately, just couldn't keep up with the opposing team.
Woman: Well, that just life. I mean every team is going to have players out with injuries.
Man: Yea, but that's beside the point. And, and then, in the second game, the refs made
some terrible calls, allowing the opposing team to slip by with a victory. I mean, we were
robbed on that one. The refs must have been walking in their sleep!
Woman: But, didn't one of your own players accidentally kick the ball twice into his own
goal? I mean that doesn't sound like a bad call to me.
Man: That's just beside the POINT!
Woman: Really?
Man: And finally, our team was ahead in the final watch---I mean they were way out
ahead until the other team rallied in the final three minutes of play tosqueak out a victory.

It was a total embarrassment for our team. Our team was booed. All I can say is that the
sun must have been in our players' eyes . . .
Woman: Uh, wasn't it a night game?
Man: That's beside the point, too. You just not understanding anything I'm saying.
Woman: So, who are you rooting for now, seeing that your team has been eliminated?
Man: Ah, I can't watch any more soccer, so I've been following an online chess
Woman: What?! Now, that has to be the most ridiculous reaction I have ever heard of. So,
you're going to completely boycott the rest of the play just because your team got bounced
out of the tournament?
Man: Ah, forget it. You just don't understand.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

be bounced out of (verb): be eliminated from
- The team will be bounced out of of the tournament unless they
improve their play.
nagging (adjective): a continual unpleasant feeling that lasts for a
long time
- I've had a nagging pain in my neck that just won't go away.
keep up with (verb): keep pace with or up to the level with
- I never could keep up with with my brother when we ran races in
high school.
slip by (verb): barely pass by
- My sister was able to slip by the final runner near the end of the
rally (verb): come together for a common effort
- The company employees rallied together to help a coworker who
was suffering from cancer.

squeak out (verb): barely pass or win something

- Unfortunately, our team wasn't able to squeak out a victory in the
last two minutes of play.
root for (verb): show support for
- The more fans that come to the event and root for the team, the
better luck we might have.
boycott (verb): refuse to take part in something
- Several countries boycotted the sporting event due to political

World of Computers
Man: Okay, Mr. Taylor, let's go ahead and begin. First of all, tell me about your last job.
Mr. Taylor: Well, as stated on my resume, I worked for five years at Hi Tech Computers.
Man: Okay. Hi Tech. And what do you know about computer networks and operating
systems including DOS, Windows, Macintosh OS, and UNIX?
Mr. Taylor: Umm . . . well . . . I did come in contact with computers every night at my
last job.
Man: Hum! . . . And how about web site authoring skills? [Oh]. We are looking for
someone to create and manage our company's web site which would include the
development, configuration, and use of CGI scripts.
Mr. Taylor: Umm . . . uh, web page, web page. Huh . . . I don't think I've read that book,
and I'm afraid I've never used those CGI things.
Man: Huh?! And what about experience with Java or JavaScript?
Mr. Taylor: Well . . . I think I've tried Java at a foreign coffee shop one time, if that's what
you mean.
Man: Okay, Mr. Taylor, I think I have ALL the information I need!
Mr. Taylor: Oh, and I really like computer games. I play them everyday.
Man: Right, right. Thanks Mr. Taylor. We'll be in touch.

Key Vocabulary [Top]

DOS (noun): Disk Operating System
- Fortunately, most computer users don't need to
remember DOScommands to run today's computers.
UNIX (noun): a powerful operating system used, for example, in
business or at universities
This Website runs on UNIX server.
CGI (noun): Common Gateway Interface, a computer language
commonly used for the Web
- I use a CGI script to handle my online forums on my Website.
Java (noun): a computer language used to write programs for the
- Many webmasters use JAVA to design programs for use on their