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2.

3 Ejercicios
2.3.1 Con la ayuda del archivo PDF Clasificacin_UNESCO, indica a qu
rea(s) cientfica(s) o tcnica(s), campo(s) temtico(s) y especialidad(es) crees
que pertenecen los conceptos de que se habla en los textos siguientes:
Texto 1
Cholesterol is a waxy, fatty substance found in all the cells of your body. Like other
lipids (such as fats), cholesterol is not soluble in water (or in blood, which is largely
made of water). To be transported, therefore, cholesterol needs to be helped by special
carrier molecules called lipoproteins. These carriers are what are being referred to
when you hear about "good" and "bad" cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein, or HDL, is
the good kind, and the bad kind is low-density lipoprotein, or LDL. High concentrations
of HDL have been shown to lower your risk of heart attack.
It is thought that HDL carries cholesterol away from the arteries and to the liver, which
breaks it down. On the other hand, lots of LDL cholesterol in your bloodstream leads to
the deposition of cholesterol in your arteries. Together with other substances, the
cholesterol then forms artery-clogging plaques that -in the arteries feeding your brain or
heart- can lead to stroke or heart attack.

Texto 2
Fibre optic cables are glass or transparent plastic rods that make use of a
phenomenon called total internal reflection. If a beam of light strikes a surface like the
inside of a prism at just the right angle it is reflected at right angles and bounces out of
the prism again. If you put two prisms next to each other you can bounce the light
around so it travels around a corner.
This is what happens inside a fibre optic cable. Light is bounced down the inside of a
glass tube at just the right angle so it doesn't pass through the glass tube and out into
the outside world, but is reflected down the cable. This carries on bouncing down the
cable even as it bends round corners. Very little light intensity is lost on these internal
reflections so the light can be carried a long way.

Texto 3
The tools of technology can seem like a confusing alphabet-soup. Terms such as ZIP,
CD or DVD are commonly used to describe the means available for storing and sharing
information, ranging from text to audio to full-length films. Of them all, DVD, which
stands for digital video disc, is poised to become the most popular and reliable means
for storing data, especially high-quality digital video. DVDs are now rapidly making their
way into American homes as the state-of-the-art entertainment option for watching
Hollywood releases.
Indeed, a high-quality digital video requires up to 100 megabytes (MB) of data space
each minute, depending on the amount of compression used. MPEG 2, a format
commonly used for playing video via computer, compresses one minute of visual data
into about 30 MB. So a two-minute video requires 60 MB, and a two-hour movie
requires 3,600 MB. Compare that to the maximum storage space of a CD, which is
about 640 MB.

2.3.2 Ejercicio de traduccin


Aunque ubicados en diferentes campos temticos, los textos anteriores
tienen en comn el carcter elemental de los temas que exponen, perceptible
en la baja densidad terminolgica y las explicaciones que facilitan la
comprensin de sus contenidos. Sin embargo, no por ello estn exentos de
problemas de transferencia que se pudieran generar al traducirlos, bien
relacionados con aspectos diferenciales de morfosintaxis, lxico y estilo entre
las dos lenguas, o bien debidos a algn posible problema de falta de precisin
o claridad, pese a la intencin comunicativa del autor, que habra que detectar y
resolver de modo que cada texto sea no solamente comprensible para los
lectores y con la terminologa apropiada, sino que suene natural en su
respectivo contexto o situacin comunicativa. Propn una traduccin para los
tres textos.
2.3.3 Las variables del mbito social
Indica la funcin o funciones textuales predominantes y la funcin social de
cada uno de los siguientes textos.
1)
http://www.alz.org/espanol/about/inside_the_brain.asp
2)
A quick and easy guide on how to install ICQ on your computer system.
Difficulty Level: Easy

Time Required: 5 minutes

Here's How:
1. Locate the correct ICQ file to Download.
2. Click on the Download link.
3. The File Download window will appear.
4. Select Save this Program to a Disk.
5. Click OK.
6. The Save As window will appear.
7. Select where you would like to save this file on your computer system.
8. Remember this location.
9. Click Save to start downloading the program.
10. When download is complete shut down all open applications.
11. Locate the ICQ.exe.
12. Double-click ICQ.exe icon.
13. Follow instructions on screen to complete installation.
3)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HUU3HdxOqZs&feature=related
4) A qu tipo de lector crees que se dirige el texto 6 del ejercicio 1.3.4 ?