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Engineering Procedure

Engineering Procedure

SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

13 July 2015

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents

1 Scope

2

2 Conflicts and Deviations……………………

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3 Applicable Documents

2

4 Acronyms and Definitions

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5 Instructions

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6 Responsibilities

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7 Qualification of New DRA Chemicals…

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8 Approved DRA Chemicals

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9 Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC)/P&CSD and R&DC

 

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10 DRA Chemical Applications and Limitations

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11 Purchase of First-Fill DRA Chemicals by Project Management Teams

 

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12 Procurement (See Figure 1)

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13 DRA Chemical Vendors

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14 Flow Assurance Standards Committee

 

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Figure 1 DRA Chemical Selection Protocol

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Previous Issue: 26 June 2010

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

Page 1 of 23

Primary contact: Rasheed, Mahmood Ayish (rashma0h) on +966-13-880-9460

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2015. All rights reserved.

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

1 Scope

This Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure (SAEP) provides guidelines for the minimum technical requirements to ensure a consistent approach to qualify and approve DRA chemical manufacturers/suppliers and their products. In addition, this procedure provides guidelines for the acceptable use of DRA chemical for various pipeline applications within Saudi Aramco. It provides Saudi Aramco DRA chemical user organizations, manufacturers/suppliers, local agents and contractors with guidelines describing the requirements to qualify, approve and accept DRA chemical suppliers and purchase of DRA chemical products for conducting field trials and use in pipeline projects and/or in de-bottlenecking existing pipeline systems.

This procedure also establishes requirements for selection, quality assurance, quality control, and first-fill purchase of DRA chemicals in Materials Service Group (MSG)

148400. This document does not address other chemicals, such as drilling chemicals,

water treatment chemicals, chemicals used in refinery processes, or oilfield chemicals

addressed in SAES-A-205.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this document and other applicable Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures (SAEPs) and/or Standards (SAESs) and/or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing through the Manager of Process & Control Systems Department (P&CSD) of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this procedure in writing to the Company, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager of Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 Applicable Documents

To ensure compliance with the appropriate Saudi Aramco and International Standards and Codes for flow assurance in pipelines, the following Engineering Standards, Procedures, Practices and Reports shall be referenced (or used) in conjunction with DRA chemical studies and applications:

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures

Equipment Inspection Schedule

Corporate Equipment and Spare Parts Data Requirements

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

Preparation of Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications

Instructions for Development of Regulated Vendor ListEngineering Standard

Preparation of Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures

Instructions for Establishing and Maintaining Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirements

Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Equipment and Spare Parts Data Requirements for Contractor Procured Equipment

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards

Oilfield Chemicals

Design Criteria of Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Tanks

Design of Small Tanks

Centrifugal Pumps

Positive Displacement Pumps Controlled Volume

Materials Selection for Piping Systems

Design of Plant Piping

Design of Pipelines

Saudi Aramco Best Practice

Chemical Injection Systems

Saudi Aramco Engineering Report

P&CSD-T-0691/07

Evaluation of Pipeline Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Final Report by DRA Evaluation Committee, December 2007

Supply Chain Management Manual

CU05.02

Material Master

CU 18.05

Claims for Substandard Materials

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

3.2 International Standards and Codes

National Fire Protection Association

NFPA 30

Flammable and Combustible Liquids

4 Acronyms and Definitions

AVL: An abbreviation for Approved Vendor List. It is a list of the suppliers approved for doing business with Saudi Aramco. The AVL is usually created by procurement or sourcing and engineering personnel using a variety of criteria such as technology, functional fit of the product, financial stability, and past performance of the supplier. Refer to Supply Chain Management glossary key terms, abbreviations, and acronyms used throughout the Materials Supply (MS) and customers departments. DRA AVL shall be decided by the FASC (see definitions of DRA and FASC below). The DRA chemicals AVL is included under 9COM 6000016111.

Delivery Samples: Are obtained from every shipment for Quality Control (QC) testing. If the actual delivery sample compares to the pre-delivery sample within prescribed limits of product specifications, it is approved by R&DC and released for field delivery. See definitions below for Pre-Delivery Samples and for Retained Standard Sample.

DPC: Delivery Point Center

DRA: An abbreviation for Drag Reducing Agent or Additive. It is a chemical that is composed of long chain high molecular weight polymers suspended in a carrier fluid used in fluid-transporting pipelines to reduce pipeline frictional losses/pressure drop for the purpose of increasing pipeline flow rate and/or decreasing pipeline operating pressure. DRA is considered a specialty chemical and not a commodity like other oilfield chemicals (OFCs).

DRA Evaluation Committee: A committee chaired by Process & Control Systems Department (P&CSD) of Engineering Services (ES) with members from cross functional Saudi Aramco departments (refer to Section 14 of this document). The committee was formed by P&CSD in 2005 for the purpose of evaluating and qualifying DRA chemical vendors/manufacturers/suppliers and their products before adding vendors to the Saudi Aramco Approved Vendor List (AVL). DRA chemical vendor evaluation includes surveys, questionnaires, laboratory testing of DRA chemical samples, visits to vendor headquarters, laboratories, plants, their customers’ sites and review of DRA chemical field trial performance. This committee is replaced by the Flow Assurance Standards Committee (FASC). Refer to the definitions of FASC below.

EPA: United States’ Environment Protection Agency.

ES: Engineering Services business line in Saudi Aramco.

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

Flow Assurance Chemicals (FACs): Are specialty chemicals in MSG 148400 used in hydrocarbon (e.g., stabilized or unstabilized oil, refined products) transporting pipes and pipelines to assure successful and economical transport of hydrocarbons from source points (e.g., reservoir, wells, separating plants) to destination points (e.g., terminals, tank farms, refineries, bulk plants). These chemicals include drag reducing agents (DRAs), hydrate inhibitors (HI), such as kinetic hydrate inhibitors (KHIs), and conventional hydrate inhibitors, such as methanol/MEG/TEG.

Flow Assurance Standards Committee (FASC): A committee established and approved by the Chief Engineer of ES and chaired by P&CSD to be responsible for the FAC standards and procedures such as this DRA chemical Procedure and KHI Procedure (refer to definition of KHI below). FASC is responsible for reviewing all aspects of FAC selection and procurement. Its charter is to ensure the cost effective purchase and service performance of FACs through appropriate specifications and QA/QC procedures.

FA RSA: An abbreviation for Flow Assurance Responsible Standardization Agent. It is an RSA for specialty product chemicals defined above as FACs assigned by Engineering Services/P&CSD, the responsible agency, with the concurrence of Materials Standardization of Projects & Strategic Purchasing Department/Operations Services, who is the technical authority on issues related to flow assurance chemicals. FA RSA consists of two RSAs (a primary RSA and an alternate RSA) who are members of the Flow Assurance Standards Committee (FASC).

GPD: Gallons per Day.

HI: Hydrate Inhibitor: A generic term for chemicals that prevent the formation of hydrates.

KHI: Kinetic Hydrate Inhibitor: A special type of hydrate inhibitors that is used with low dosage and enables the pipelines to operate under sub-cooled flowing conditions. It is usually polymeric in nature. It inhibits hydrate formation by delaying rather than preventing the nucleation and growth of hydrate crystals.

Laboratory Screening: The process of testing a large number of chemicals for the purpose of identifying the most promising chemical or group of chemicals for rigorous and complete laboratory testing.

Laboratory Testing: The evaluation of chemicals to identify chemicals suitable for plant trials.

LSTK: Lump Sum Turn-Key is a project in which the design, procurement, and construction are done by the contractor.

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

MRP Controller: The Materials Requirement Planning Controller, a position in Operations Purchasing and Inventory Control Department with the responsibility for controlling inventory for 9CAT materials. (This includes forecasting inventory requirements and releasing requisitions for 9CAT articles.)

MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheet.

MSG 148400 MRP Controller: The analyst, along with Purchasing, who is responsible for implementing and maintaining the issue restriction system and the phase-in/phase-out of new chemicals.

Oilfield Chemicals (OFCs): Are oilfield chemicals in MSG 147000 used primarily, although not exclusively, in oil and gas producing operations. These chemicals are demulsifiers, corrosion inhibitors, scale inhibitors, and biocides. DRAs and KHIs are not under the OFCs.

PDT: Pipelines, Distribution and Terminals

Performance Factor: A number assigned to a DRA chemical and provided to Purchasing to develop commercial bids. It is calculated as the ratio of the required treatment rate of a DRA chemical, determined during plant trials, to the treatment rate of the chemical exhibiting the lowest effective treatment rate. For example, to obtain a certain percentage (%) increase in flow rate (or % decrease in pressure), the minimum required treatment rate for DRA chemical A is 5 ppm (or say 100 GPD), and 7.5 ppm (or say 150 GPD) for DRA chemical B. Then A has the smaller effective dosing rate and a performance factor of 5/5 (100/100) or 1.0, while B has a performance factor of 7.5/5 (150/100), or 1.5. So A has a better performance than B. If the bidding price of A

is $10/gallon and price of B is $7/gallon, then A wins the bid (1 x 10 = 10 < 1.5 x 7 =

10.5). But, if price of B is $6/gallon, then B wins (1 x 10 = 10 > 1.5 x 6 = 9). Considering the required amount of DRA chemical and available limited DRA chemical storage at the end-user site, chemical A could be the technically feasible choice, though

B is economically better than A.

Performance factors for DRA chemicals are developed from field trials, unlike performance factors for some other chemicals such as, corrosion inhibitors, scale inhibitors and biocides, which are determined by laboratory tests done by R&DC or by an independent organization. Note that the Performance Factor is not a fixed number for a DRA chemical to be used in all pipelines/services. Therefore, a specific DRA chemical performance factor should be generated for each pipeline/system based on either the field trial of the DRA chemical, the estimated DRA chemical performance report of the DRA chemical contractor or proper comparison of the system (pipeline length, pipeline size, product/service and terrain) done by the plant/pipeline engineer.

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

Phase-in/Phase-out: Are terms used in purchase agreement administration for adding/deleting. Refer, for instance, to Supply Chain Management Manual - Materials Control Edition MC 11.02.

Plant Trial (also called a field trialor field test): The use of a DRA chemical in a plant/pipeline, to establish its effectiveness and performance factor as well as its performance curve. A plant or field trial runs for a limited time. The trial period should be agreed upon among plant or field engineers, the DRA chemical vendor and FASC, prior to initiation of the trial.

PLC: Programmable Logic Controller.

PMT: Project Management Team

ppm: parts per million (by mass as referred to by DRA vendors), a quantitative measure of DRA chemical concentration.

Pre-delivery Samples: Are taken by competent personnel from the plant trial shipment of a DRA chemical prior to delivery. Pre-delivery samples are required for all new DRA chemicals; these become the standard for QA/QC benchmark testing of future shipments.

QA/QC (Quality Assurance/Quality Control): In the context of this document, QA generally includes P&CSD, CSD, Standardization, and FA RSA functions, as well as matters relating to selection, screening, performance testing, and trials of FACs. QC is addressed primarily by the testing of delivery samples.

Qualification Testing: Is testing in accordance with Section 7 to determine if a candidate DRA chemical can be used to treat a process stream more effectively than or as effectively as with the DRA chemical(s) currently in use.

R&DC: The Research and Development Center, Dhahran, a department of Technology Oversight and Coordination.

Retained Standard Sample: A sample of each MSG 148400 chemical currently in use by Saudi Aramco to be taken from the first delivery of each chemical at the beginning of a new year. This sample is to be compared with the pre-delivery sample in physical properties and in laboratory performance. If the results are suitably similar then the retained standard sample will be used. The retained standard sample is replaced each year.

RSA: Responsible Standardization Agent.

SAES: Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard.

SAMSS: Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification.

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

Standardization Engineer - DRA Chemicals: The engineer from Materials Standardization Division/Projects & Strategic Purchasing Department responsible for the cataloging of new DRA chemicals in MSG 148400, and the maintenance of the Materials Supply Inventory catalog.

5

Instructions

5.1 General Requirements

5.1.1 PMT and operating departments shall follow and apply this procedure to the engineering design contractor, DRA chemical vendors/bidders and their local agents involved in DRA chemical activities for Saudi Aramco.

5.1.2 The DRA chemical vendor and engineering design contractor/vendor local agent shall fully comply with this procedure when performing DRA chemical related activities for Saudi Aramco.

5.1.3 DRA chemical vendors and their products will have to be evaluated, tested, and approved by the FASC prior to the DRA chemical application within Saudi Aramco facilities. The evaluation process includes several steps and the process is governed by an evaluation criteria. A very important step in the evaluation is the field/trial test for the DRA chemical. Refer to Section 7 (Qualification of New DRA Chemicals) and Section 13 (DRA Chemical Vendors) below.

5.2 Field Trial-Test Preparation and Completion Procedure and Responsibility

5.2.1 Qualified DRA chemical vendors should perform a simulation study to predict their product performance, and present it to proponent and FASC prior to the field test.

Saudi Aramco (Proponents, Pipelines and OSPAS) shall provide the DRA chemical supplier and/or local agent and/or contractor conducting the field trial with the required pipeline operating data prior to conducting the DRA chemical study and/or field trial.

5.2.2 The DRA chemical supplier and/or local agent and/or contractor conducting the field trial shall submit a proposal to Saudi Aramco (P&CSD, Proponent, R&DC, Pipelines, OSPAS and FASC) with the detailed required site, equipment, material and operational preparations along with a detailed test protocol from start to finish of the field trial.

5.2.3 The DRA chemical vendors shall make a presentation to the interested proponent department and to FASC about the test procedure, duration, safety, and potential operational impacts.

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

5.2.4 Saudi Aramco (FASC and Proponent Department) shall review and approve the submitted field test procedure prior to commencement of the field test.

5.2.5 Saudi Aramco (FASC and Proponent Department) shall facilitate the DRA chemical supplier and/or local agent and/or contractor conducting the field test to bring the required crew, equipment and material to the test site.

5.2.6 OSPAS shall provide baseline flow conditions prior to the field trial, and forward the pressure, flow, temperature at various points of the pipeline to field trial engineers.

5.2.7 PDT personnel shall during field trials collect fluid samples with and without the agreed, pre-defined, DRA chemical dosages at suitable times at points along the pipeline.

5.2.8 R&DC shall test the collected fluid samples from field trials to confirm performance and/or non-harm properties.

5.2.9 At the completion of a DRA chemical study and/or a DRA chemical field trial, the engineering design contractor/DRA chemical vendor/local agent shall submit an electronic copy of the study and field trial final report with complete supporting documents to Proponent and to FASC.

6

Responsibilities

6.1 FA RSA

The FA RSA is consulted by the Materials Standardization Division and proponents on matters of materials standardization, stock simplification, and source development for DRA chemicals. He is also to be consulted on QA/QC procedures and the cataloging of new DRA chemicals in MSG 148400. The FA RSA has all of the responsibilities listed in Supply Chain Management Manual (SCMM) Customer Edition CU 05.02 plus those contained in this SAEP.

Note:

Currently, CU 05.02 includes RSA for OFCs. Similarly, FA RSA will have to be added. The FA RSA consists of two specialist P&CSD engineers; one is for DRA chemical (Primary RSA) and the other one is for KHI (Alternate RSA) as per direction of P&CSD Manager. Refer to definitions of FA RSA above.

6.2 Process & Control Systems Department (P&CSD)

6.2.1 The single point contact for consultation and procedures/standards issues related to the use of DRA chemicals for new projects. If requested, P&CSD will coordinate screening and testing of DRA chemicals for

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

field engineers through the FA RSA.

6.2.2 Maintains DRA chemicals control standards and specifications, including this procedure.

6.3 Research & Development Center (R&DC), Dhahran

The primary organization for screening, testing and reporting test results of DRA chemical and samples in coordination with FA RSA of P&CSD.

6.4 Materials Standardization Engineer

Engineer from Materials Standardization of Projects & Strategic Purchasing Department/Operations Services who is responsible for cataloging and catalog maintenance of DRA chemicals. Consults with the FA RSA/P&CSD on issues referenced in this procedure and on other DRA-related technical matters.

6.5 MSG 148400 MRP Controller

Responsible for implementing and maintaining the issue restriction system and the phase-in/phase-out of new DRA chemicals.

6.6 Flow Assurance Standards Committee (FASC)

Establishes appropriate and realistic specifications and QA/QC procedures for FACs to enable the cost effective purchase by operating units. The committee is also involved in developing and revising DRA and HI chemicals standards and procedures. Refer to the definition of FASC, above.

6.7 Operations Engineering Units

Responsible for field/plant trials of FACs, tracking of use, determination of competitive equivalents, technical qualification for use, and determination of performance factors in coordination with FASC and FA RSA.

6.8 Project Management

Responsible for first-time fill of FAC tanks. Work with Operations, Operations Engineering, Purchasing, R&DC and P&CSD/FA RSA to ensure that suitable and cost effective chemicals are specified and purchased for the project.

6.9 Purchasing Department, Buyer of DRA Chemicals in MSG 148400

Single point contact with vendors and users for all commercial considerations. Develops competitive bids and notifies FASC, FA RSA, Operations and Operations Engineering of the most cost effective chemicals for use.

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

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Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

7 Qualification of New DRA Chemicals

7.1 Protocol for the Selection and Qualification of New DRA Chemicals (Figure 1)

7.1.1 Sample Submission

The FA RSA shall restrict the number of samples to a maximum of two DRA products per vendor for each potential application. The DRA chemical vendor shall supply the samples with an official vendor written document describing their DRA chemical, including name, application, performance characteristics and chemical composition. An MSDS must be supplied.

7.1.2 Testing Protocol

7.1.2.1

Testing shall be carried out using parameters closely simulating field conditions, as agreed in writing among the coordinating engineer, the end-user, and the appropriate testing laboratory.

A

copy of the test protocol shall be provided to the FA RSA.

7.1.2.2

In

addition to establishing the properties of a DRA chemical,

an appropriate selection, the Test Protocol,” from the following methods to determine relevant parameters shall be performed by R&DC, following agreement with the FA RSA:

Tests can include, but are not limited to, the following:

i) Performance and no harm test

ii) Chemical and physical properties (e.g., solubility, acidity, viscosity and precipitation on walls or bottom of flasks)

iii) Composition and contamination (e.g., silicon, magnesium or phosphorus content)

7.1.2.3

In

all cases, other tests may also be deemed suitable, and can

be included in the testing protocol at the discretion of R&DC, P&CSD, CSD, or the proponent Operations Engineering organization.

7.2 Plant or Field Trial Samples

7.2.1 QA/QC samples shall be obtained for all new DRA chemicals.

7.2.2 The vendor shall deliver samples of any DRA chemical to R&DC, at least 10 working days prior to the start of the plant or field trial.

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Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

7.2.3 R&DC shall retain all samples of DRA chemicals qualified for use by a successful plant trial until the FA RSA authorizes disposal. This will normally occur only after the FASC officially certifies a DRA chemical obsolete.

8 Approved DRA Chemicals

8.1 If a DRA chemical successfully passes the evaluation criteria and a plant/field trial and the responsible plant engineer considers it a candidate for regular use, the responsible proponent engineer shall inform the FA RSA in writing, with a copy to Purchasing that it has successfully passed the test and confirm that cataloging has been requested. The notification and the request for cataloging shall contain the results of the plant/field trial and the performance factor generated from that trial. All correspondence with the FASC should be attached to the appropriate Saudi Aramco MDM cataloging procedure.

8.2 The FA RSA shall maintain an up-to-date list of all approved DRA chemicals and keep the MRP Controller, the Standardization Engineer, and the Buyer informed of the approved DRA chemicals.

8.3 A DRA product can be added to the list of approved DRA chemicals after the FASC and FA RSA are notified in writing that the product has successfully passed field trials in a Pipeline/Producing/Distribution facility. It shall be the responsibility of the FASC to request the FA RSA and the Buyer to add the DRA chemical to the list, and to notify the FASC members of the addition for consideration of use in other Pipelines/Producing/Distribution departments. Whenever the FASC identifies the use of a DRA chemical in other facilities, the FA RSA and the Buyer shall be notified.

8.4 The FASC shall review the list of approved DRA chemicals no less than once a year; identify new catalog items with recommendations for cataloging action; and identify obsolete products with recommendations for their removal from SAMS.

9 Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC)/P&CSD and R&DC

9.1 QA/QC Testing

The P&CSD Upstream Process Engineering Division and the R&DC are

responsible for the QA/QC testing of every delivery of DRA chemicals in MSG

148400.

9.2 Performance Testing on Delivery Samples and/or Field Trials

Additional testing shall be led by P&CSD and performed by the R&DC on randomly picked shipments of DRA chemicals as follows:

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SAEP-501

Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

9.2.1 DRA Chemical Vendor Test

DRA chemical vendor shall supply R&DC with a representative sample or more of their DRA chemical finished product. R&DC shall test the sample and report test results as passing, not passing, or requires more testing (refer to some generic DRA chemical specifications below in Section 9.2.2 of this document). R&DC shall provide a clear recommendation after the testing. A DRA chemical field trial shall not take place before passing the laboratory test and passing the evaluation of vendor responses to FASC questionnaires. A DRA chemical field trial is mandatory if the DRA chemical application on a specific fluid pipeline service is new to Saudi Aramco in the sense that it has never been tested before on a similar pipeline service (e.g., testing DRA chemical in NGL or water injection pipelines). Before a field test is conducted, a confirmation from DRA chemical vendor, R&DC and an acceptance from the Saudi Aramco shipping/receiving facility are required that the injected DRA chemical will have no negative impact on process (e.g., change of product spec) and/or process equipment (e.g., plugging deposits) at the receiving plant.

Prior to field trial, the vendor shall provide Saudi Aramco (FA RSA and proponent) with a simulation study report to estimate DRA chemical dosage/rate and performance on the specific pipeline service under specific operating conditions.

After the field trial completion, the DRA chemical vendor shall also provide Saudi Aramco (FA RSA, R&DC and proponent) with the field trial results and DRA chemical performance curve in an electronic- format report.

9.2.2 DRA Chemical Specifications

DRA chemical specifications, as categorized in the subsections below, might differ based on the DRA chemical vendor/manufacturer and the type of application the DRA chemical is used in.

9.2.2.1 General Properties

- Solids and polymer(s) type and concentration(s)

- Carrier fluid(s) type and concentration(s)

- Approximate polymer molecular weight

- Non-Newtonian viscosity

- Non-flashable in the fluid of application

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Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

- Freezing point at 0°C or lower

- Boiling point at 100°C or higher

- Non-gel emulsion/suspension or slurry type

- Dissolves but does not react with the fluid of application

- Carrier/solution does not react with the DRA polymer or fluid of application.

9.2.2.2 Handling

- Operates in a broad range of ambient temperature variations from 0°C to 50°C

- Stable emulsion

- May require intermittent agitation before use

- May require unloading pump to transfer the DRA chemical to the permanent storage tank

- As DRA chemical permanent storage tank can be used for different DRA products from different DRA vendors, utility water connection to the DRA tank will be required for cleaning purposes and flushing before a different DRA product is stored.

- May require insulating the unloading pipe and associated pipes within the system including the suction and the discharge of the injection pump

- May require recycle pump for mixing the DRA chemical

- Does not require heating or heat-tracing

- May require air-conditioned/cool storage (20°C 30°C)

- Does not require pressurized vessels

- Shelf life of 6 months or more and according to DRA chemical vendor instructions (e.g., periodic agitation/mixing and/or cooling)

- Insulated containers with a capacity of 25 to 5,000 US gallon

9.2.2.3 Performance

Performance is measured by drag reduction percentage versus DRA chemical active polymer concentration in ppm by mass. Depending on the medium of application, the drag reduction

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Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

percentage will be based on the vendor proven and/or field trial performance curves.

A performance factor for each DRA chemical shall be

established in a field trial for each pipelines/service. A field trial in each major pipeline system is also necessary to establish a performance factor for each DRA chemical associated with the particular pipeline application.

DRA vendor shall also provide his best engineering estimate on DRA shearing factor due to higher flow rates in the system and/or other factors that can be encountered after flow increase.

9.2.2.4 Safety and Environment

- Non-hazardous and meet EPA and/or SAES

- Non-flammable

- Non-toxic and meet EPA and/or SAES

- Proven not to change a chemical/refining processes or product specifications

- Proven not to harm fuel tanks and lines/fuel injection equipment/engines/valves/pumps/filters/storage equipment

- DRA chemical users shall refer to the DRA vendor MSDS prior to handling any DRA product.

- For the safety and fire protection requirements if not covered in the vendor MSDS, refer to NFPA 30 and the company chemical Hazards Bulletins (CHBs).

9.2.2.5 Injection Skid

- Operable with different types of DRA chemical from different DRA chemical vendors/suppliers, unless accepted by the Proponent

- Small size pumps (not exceeding 2,500 GPM capacity)

- Injection pumps maximum discharge pressure must be higher than the operating pressure of the pipeline at the injection location.

- The injection skid must be equipped with a stand-by injection pump.

- May require shedding the injection skid to maintain the temperature

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Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

- Equipped with flow meters meeting SAES.

- Could be equipped with PLC.

- Storage tanks are insulated and equipped with stirring device and product level sensors.

- The DRA chemical injection system (e.g., tanks, pumps, nozzles, valves, material) shall comply with Saudi Aramco Chemical Injection Best Practice SABP-A-015.

- Injection skids that are to be installed in unmanned locations shall be equipped with remote flow control and alarm system.

9.3 Requests for testing can be initiated by P&CSD, Materials Standardization Organization, Operations Engineering Organizations, Producing Operations, OSPAS, SAPMT, or the FASC through the FA RSA.

9.4 Actions upon Failure of the QA/QC Tests

9.4.1 In the event that a routine delivery sample of a DRA chemical fails QA/QC testing, stipulated additional testing shall be carried out upon request of FA RSA and/or R&DC.

9.4.2 In the event that a randomly taken sample of DRA chemical should fail the additional tests, field trials shall not be carried out.

9.4.3 The end user, Purchasing, Standardization, and the FA RSA shall be informed of all failures. End user shall then comply with FA RSA recommendations.

9.4.4 The FA RSA shall inform the FASC, the vendor and Purchasing of out- of-specification DRA chemicals.

9.4.5 Repeated failures of a DRA chemical to pass routine QA/QC tests shall result in the vendor being notified that this particular chemical shall not be issued from Saudi Aramco system, until such time as the product passes all re-testing. If the DRA chemical does not pass QA/QC re-tests, the FA RSA shall notify Materials Control Department to initiate the action to remove the chemical from SAMS.

9.5 Delivery

Delivery to the DPC shall proceed only after the appropriate QA/QC tests are finished and the material is certified as suitable for use.

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Drag Reducing Agent (DRA) Chemicals

10 DRA Chemical Applications and Limitations

10.1 DRA Chemicals in Grass-root Pipeline Projects

A grass-root or new pipeline shall not be designed based on the use of DRA

chemical to achieve the design flow rate.

10.2 DRA Chemicals in a Capacity Increase/Expansion Project of an Existing Pipeline System

DRA could be considered in the design of a pipeline system expansion/capacity increase projects of an already existing pipeline system, provided that the subject projects will not add a new pipeline and whenever proven technically and economically feasible. Any deviation will require a waiver from Proponent(s) and P&CSD.

10.3 DRA Chemicals in Crude Pipelines

Before use of DRA chemicals in stabilized or un-stabilized crude (e.g., Arab Heavy AH, Arab Medium AM, Arab Light AL, Arab Extra Light AXL

or Arab Super Light ASL) pipelines, the DRA vendor shall provide the FASC

with simulation and calculation results to predict DRA chemical performance and present them to the proponent/ FASC, who shall provide the crude data (e.g., physical properties, gas/oil ratio GOR, water cut) and operational data of the pipeline service to be tested before the DRA chemical vendor performs his

calculation and prediction. Field trial of the DRA chemical will follow the vendor calculation/simulation and presentation and shall be decided by the FASC and proponent.

10.4 DRA Chemicals in Condensate Pipelines

For condensate pipelines, the DRA chemical vendor shall provide the FASC with simulation and calculation results to predict the DRA product performance. The DRA chemical vendor shall present such results to the proponent/ FASC. Field trial of the DRA chemical will follow the vendor calculation/simulation and presentation and shall be decided by the FASC and proponent.

10.5 DRA Chemicals in NGL Pipelines

Use of DRA chemicals in NGL pipelines shall be subject to R&DC no harm tests to confirm no harmsto engines and/or receiving process equipment and facilities before conducting the field tests. Upon passing the laboratory test, the DRA product shall be subject to a field trial before applying it for pipeline normal operation. A documented confirmation from the DRA chemical vendor shall be submitted to the FA RSA. DRA chemical vendor simulation/calculation

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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and presentation to the FASC shall be conducted before the field trial is decided as described in 10.3 and 10.4 above.

10.6 DRA Chemicals in Water Injection Pipelines

Use of DRA chemical in water injection pipelines shall be subject to R&DC no harm tests to confirm no harmsto water injection pumps/equipment and/or receiving reservoir facilities and/or reservoir formation before conducting the field trials. Upon passing the laboratory test, the DRA product shall be subject to field trials before applying it for pipeline normal operation. A documented confirmation from DRA vendor shall be submitted to FA RSA. DRA vendor simulation/calculation and presentation to FASC shall be conducted before the field trial is decided as described in 10.3 and 10.4 above.

10.7 DRA Chemicals in Jet Fuel Pipelines

DRA samples for use in jet fuel could be tested in the R&DC laboratories only but shall not be field tested or used in jet fuel service pipelines. If the jet fuel (or the kerosene used for jet fuel) is batched with other DRA treated refined or hydrocarbon products such as diesel or gasoline, then the multi-product pipeline shall be flushed and cleaned with jet fuel (or kerosene) or with non-DRA treated refined product (non-DRA treated diesel or gasoline) to remove any traces of contamination of DRA chemical and/or other products before sending the jet fuel (kerosene) batch as specified by R&DC.

10.8 DRA Chemicals in Gasoline Pipelines

More than 15 ppm by mass DRA polymer in gasoline pipelines requires R&DC approval. DRA chemical vendor/supplier shall confirm (by an official document signed by the DRA vendor/supplier) to R&DC and to FASC the nature of the polymer(s), solvent(s) and any other materials and the concentration of each one in the DRA chemical. The 15 ppm by mass concentration limit is cumulative which means that all the DRA polymer injected in the same pipeline at various locations (in case of multiple pump stations) should be added together and not to exceed 15 ppm by mass. More than 15 ppm by mass DRA polymer in gasoline pipelines requires R&DC approval.

10.9 DRA Chemicals in Diesel Pipelines

More than 15 ppm by mass DRA polymer in diesel pipelines requires R&DC approval. DRA chemical vendor/supplier shall confirm (by an official document signed by the DRA vendor/supplier) to R&DC and to FASC the nature of the polymer(s), solvent(s) and any other materials and the concentration of each one in the DRA chemical. The 15 ppm by mass concentration limit is cumulative which means that all the DRA polymer

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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injected in the same pipeline at various locations (in case of multiple pump stations) should be added together and not to exceed 15 ppm by mass. More than 15 ppm by mass DRA polymer in diesel pipelines requires R&DC approval.

11 Purchase of First-Fill DRA Chemicals by Project Management Teams

11.1 In capital projects where FACs in MSG 148400 such as DRA chemicals are to be used, the LSTK contractor shall be responsible for the following:

The purchase of the first fillof all such approved chemicals, and agreeing the QA/QC requirements with the FA RSA and R&DC.

For ensuring the cleanliness and mechanical operation of the chemical injection systems as designed.

11.2 The selection of the DRA chemical(s) shall be the responsibility of the proponent organization, with the concurrence of P&CSD/UPED, and Purchasing.

11.3 PMT shall provide the operating organization, P&CSD/UPED, and Purchasing with a letter requesting that DRA chemical vendors submit candidate DRA chemicals for testing in the various process streams of any new facility. This letter shall be issued as soon as possible during project construction, but in no case later than 18 months prior to the originally identified project startup date.

12 Procurement (See Figure 1)

12.1 Figure 1 shall be used as the protocol to follow in the procurement process for DRA chemicals in MSG 148400.

12.2 Contact the FA RSA/P&CSD and the Standardization Engineer/Materials Standardization Division/Projects & Strategic Purchasing Department of Operations Services to resolve technical issues related to Standardization. The FA RSA may give written approval for substitution of DRA chemicals with equivalent characteristics and performance. Deviations that do not provide equivalent performance require waiver approval in accordance with SAEP-302 before issuance of a Purchase Order. For deviations identified after a Purchase Order is issued, the waiver approval is required prior to shipment.

12.3 Contact the Purchasing Department Buyer for DRA chemicals in MSG 148400 to resolve problems with delivery from vendors.

12.4 Contact R&DC and FA RSA to address QA/QC problems.

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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12.5 Contact MSG 148400 MRP Controller to resolve issue restriction and phase- in/phase-out procedures.

13 DRA Chemical Vendors

13.1 Vendor Qualification

A DRA chemical vendor shall be subject to (but not limited to) the following evaluation protocol before being considered for qualification:

13.1.1 Vendor presentation to FASC,

13.1.2 Responses to the DRA chemical questionnaire developed by the FASC,

13.1.3 No harm test of vendor DRA product sample(s) by Saudi Aramco R&DC,

13.1.4 FASC visit to vendor’s DRA manufacturing facilities and their Customers,

13.1.5 Field trial testing of DRA product on the intended Saudi Aramco pipeline,

13.1.6 Approval of FASC.

13.2 Approved Vendor List (AVL)

Consult the Purchasing Department Buyer for Flow Assurance Chemicals in MSG 148400 for this information.

DRA AVL shall be decided and approved by the FASC. The DRA chemicals AVL is included under 9COM 6000016111.

This AVL is not fixed and can change (increased or decreased approved DRA chemical vendors) depending on the number of added/deleted of qualified/disqualified vendors. The AVL shall be updated, approved and added by the FASC in the nearest next version of this procedure.

13.3 Vendor Test Data

The vendor shall provide, at the request of Saudi Aramco (e.g., Proponent, R&DC, FASC or FA RSA) independent laboratory test data, internal laboratory test data, or field case histories to support vendor claims for the performance of any DRA product that the vendor may request Saudi Aramco to evaluate for its use.

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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14 Flow Assurance Standards Committee (FASC)

Name

Tel. #

 

Department

Rasheed, Mahmood A (Chairman)

880-9460

Process & Control Systems (P&CSD)

Adel, Shadi I (Vice Chairman)

880-9466

(P&CSD)

Ge, Jianzhi

880-9458

(P&CSD)

Jain, Arun

880-9461

(P&CSD)

Rithauddeen, Megat A

880-9470

(P&CSD)

Waranbi, Maslat S

880-9582

Consulting Services (CSD)

Dr. David McLeary

876-0621

 

R&DC

Tawfiq Rowaisheid

876-2252

 

R&DC

Ajwad, Hassan A

876-8715

 

R&DC

Noui-Mehidi, Mohamed N

873-7017

EXPEC Advance Research Center

Ahmad S. Al- Khaldi

578-3668

Shaybah Producing

Saif, O A

873-6156

Prod. and Fac. Dev. Dept. (P&FDD)

Burgess, Brian W

378-3241

N.

A. Technical Support Dept.

   

S.

A. Producing

Abubakr, Waleed A

872-0427

ER Distribution

   

CR Distribution

   

WR Distribution

Khaldi, Ahmad S

578-3578

Shaybah NGL Projects Dept.

Dauwas, Abdullah S

874-0025

Operations Purchasing & Inventory Control

Thaiban, Salem H

874-0455

Projects & Strategic Purchasing (P&SPD)

Shaalan, Mohammed A

874-3054

Oil Supply Planning & Scheduling (OSPAS)

Woshayyeh, Bander A

874-0632

Projects & Strategic Purchasing (P&SPD)

Lu, Jie

880-9381

Facilities Planning (FPD)

Angibeaud, Lionel G

880-9328

Facilities Planning (FPD)

Atisele, Michael N

880-9329

Facilities Planning (FPD)

Masarrat, Syed S

874-1382

Pipelines/ PTSD

Subaei, Abdulwahab S

874-1243

Pipelines/ PTSD

The membership of the FASC will vary from time to time at the discretion of the Chairman and Saudi Aramco Management. In addition to the FA RSA/P&CSD (who is sometimes the Chairman as well), there should be at least one representative from each

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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of the following departments: Pipelines, Eastern Region Distribution, Central Region Distribution, Western Region Distribution, Northern Area Producing, Southern Area Producing, Shaybah Producing, Consulting Services (CSD), Purchasing, OSPAS, R&DC and Facilities Planning (FPD).

13 July 2015

Revision Summary Major revision to address lesson learned from previous projects when it comes to using DRA chemicals.

Document Responsibility: Flow Assurance Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 13 July 2018

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Figure 1 - DRA Chemical Selection Protocol

Vendor proposes DRA Chemicals for use to the FA RSA/P&CSD

proposes DRA Chemicals for use to the FA RSA/P&CSD FA RSA polls field/plant for the need

FA RSA polls field/plant for the need of the DRA

FA RSA polls field/plant for the need of the DRA FA RSA contacts DRA Vendors Saudi

FA RSA contacts DRA Vendors

Saudi Aramco identifies the need for DRA

DRA Vendors Saudi Aramco identifies the need for DRA Identifying organization contacts FA RSA in writing

Identifying organization contacts FA RSA in writing to request DRA product submission from vendors

in writing to request DRA product submission from vendors DRA vendor provides samples to R&DC via
in writing to request DRA product submission from vendors DRA vendor provides samples to R&DC via

DRA vendor provides samples to R&DC via the FA RSA

DRA vendor provides samples to R&DC via the FA RSA R&DC, coordinating engineer and FA RSA

R&DC, coordinating engineer and FA RSA agree on test protocol

coordinating engineer and FA RSA agree on test protocol R&DC notifies engineer and FA RSA of

R&DC notifies engineer and FA RSA of laboratory test results

notifies engineer and FA RSA of laboratory test results Coordinating engineer and FA RSA obtains proponent

Coordinating engineer and FA RSA obtains proponent agreement to conduct plant/field trial

R&DC performs analytical laboratory testing

trial R&DC performs analytical laboratory testing Chemical and Physical parameters are established for future

Chemical and Physical parameters are established for future testing

and Physical parameters are established for future testing Vendor submits field test procedure to FA RSA,

Vendor submits field test procedure to FA RSA, Proponent, R&DC and OSPAS

test procedure to FA RSA, Proponent, R&DC and OSPAS FA RSA, R&DC, Proponent / Plants and

FA RSA, R&DC, Proponent / Plants and OSPAS approve and schedule test procedure

/ Plants and OSPAS approve and schedule test procedure Conduct field test with the DRA chemical

Conduct field test with the DRA chemical

test procedure Conduct field test with the DRA chemical Vendor submits test report to FA RSA,

Vendor submits test report to FA RSA, R&DC and Proponent

Purchasing develops agreement with FASC -approved vendors on approved DRA chemicals

with FASC -approved vendors on approved DRA chemicals Proponent initiates MDM cataloging request and submit to

Proponent initiates MDM cataloging request and submit to Materials Control Dept.

MDM cataloging request and submit to Materials Control Dept. Standardization catalogues DRA product into SAMS FASC

Standardization catalogues DRA product into SAMS

FASC and Proponent review/approve report, evaluate test results and determine DRA acceptance performance index/factor

Proponent review/approve report, evaluate test results and determine DRA acceptance performance index/factor Page 23 of 23
Proponent review/approve report, evaluate test results and determine DRA acceptance performance index/factor Page 23 of 23