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Geomatematika

Pengantar Perhitungan
Endapan Menggunakan Blok
Model
Hafidz Noor Fikri,MT
hafidz.noor.fikri@gmail.com

TEKNIK PENAKSIRAN
Mengapa diperlukan?
Keterbatasan untuk mencapai desain eksplorasi
yang ideal.
Keterbatasan jumlah sampel atau titik data.
Teknik Klasik dalam Penaksiran :
Tanpa Grid Teratur.
Dengan Grid Teratur.

uniform rectangular blocks centered on


uniformly spaced data

nonuniform rectangular blocks centered on


irregularly spaced data

Selective Mining Unit


A selective mining unit (SMU) is the smallest block on which selection as ore
or waste is commonly made.

Diagrammatic
representation of the
continuity of different
orebody types and
approximate grades

Depictions of an irregular orewaste contact approximated by smooth dashed lines that are interpreted using information
from drill holes (on sections), but that are interpolated between drill holes. With such irregular contacts, the method of
sections must necessarily be incorrect (i.e., it can only coincidently result in the correct grade estimate for the interpolated
zone because some waste is included within the interpreted zone of mineralization). Modified from Stone and Dunn (1994).

A plot of estimated grades versus true grades for


many blocks (selective mining units) of mineralized
ground (ore). A cutoff grade (xc) applied to both axes
divides the individual estimates into four quadrants
that classify the estimates as follows: quadrant I = ore
blocks correctly classed as ore; quadrant II = ore
blocks incorrectly classed as waste; quadrant III =
waste blocks correctly classed as waste; and quadrant
IV = waste blocks incorrectly classed as ore. The
fundamental concept inherent in this diagram is that
random estimation errors necessarily require that an
estimate can never be met by production (unless
additional ore is encountered) because some ore is
lost (i.e., incorrectly recognized as waste), and the
remaining ore that is recognized is diluted by waste
incorrectly classed as ore. A regression line (R)
through the data indicates the common result for
polygonal estimates (i.e., on average, estimates of
high values overestimate the true grade, whereas
estimates of low values underestimate the true
grade). The alternate situation, in which high grades
are underestimated and low grades overestimated, is
common in situations in which groups of data are
averaged to produce estimates.

SEAM-C PARINGGULING IB
PT. SUMBER KURNIA BUANA (SKB)
BINUANG, KAB. TAPIN, KAL-SEL

Jenis blok:
blok regular rectangular grid,
unreguler single hole
Jumlah Blok yang dihitung:
720 buah

IDS
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
ly80

prg23

pg01

jr46

prg22

prg12

pg02

KETEBALAN ESTIMASI IDS (SEMU)

pg05

prg08

pg07

pg04

prg11

pg08

pg03

KETEBALAN ESTIMASI IDS (SEBENARNYA)

pg09

pg10

prgib

IDC
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
ly80

prg23

pg01

jr46

prg22

prg12

pg02

pg05

KETEBALAN ESTIMASI ID3 (SEMU)

prg08

pg07

pg04

prg11

pg08

pg03

KETEBALAN ESTIMASI ID3 (SEBENARNYA)

pg09

pg10

prgib

4.00

Ketebalan Batubara Estimasi IDS (m)

3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
0.00
0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

Ketebalan Batubara (m)

2.50

3.00

3.50

4.00

4.00

Ketebalan Batubara Estimasi ID3 (m)

3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
0.00
0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

Ketebalan Batubara Semu (m)

3.00

3.50

4.00

Thank You