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CHAPTER I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND


Todays educational system in the Philippines has been change from basic 10 year
curriculum from new implemented K to 12 curriculum, this program is adding 2 more years in
Educational system of the Philippines that aiming the globally competitiveness of the students.
The Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education has been officially started last June school year 2016, but
because of immediate preparation of implementing K to 12 curriculum the readiness are became
an issue, that this may cause a burden to Senior High Students that is mainly affected of this
changes, Even if there are schools that have enough facilities there are also schools that is
lacking or doesnt have materials in implementing it, especially in rural areas in our country.
The K to 12 curriculum have an advantages and beneficial to the Filipino people,
especially to the young, and future generations of our nation. The system aims to fully enhance
and develop the students in order for them to be well-prepared especially in emotional and
cognitive aspects. Through this, graduates will be able to face the pressures of their future
workplace and they are automatically recognized as professionals here or abroad. And by the
help of Modern technology and gadgets like computer, television, newspaper, radio, and cell
phone the students would be able to use this gadgets as they have an easy access to information
that they need, but there are also a disadvantages of implementation of the k to 12 program, One
of this are the increasing of dropouts and the decreasing of undergraduate because of longer
years of study the parents have to shell out more money for transportation and food for their
children Education, but not all parents in our country doesnt have the ability to send their
children to two more years of Senior high School or to four years of College level. Furthermore,
the competition towards job finding are became hard and complicated for the freshly high school

graduates because business firms will priorities the college level graduates or at least college
undergrad.
So that the reaction of the public is divided, where some are in favor and some are not,
and several issues are point out to the aggression of opposing groups especially the parents to
this program. One of the main problems in the Philippines which the government needs to
resolve is the lack of school and classrooms in the different parts of the country. It is important
that students stay in a place that is conducive for learning while they are away from home. In
addition, with teachers go abroad to teach, or do another job, there is already a shortage of
educators in schools that mold the minds of learners. And this deficiency has become a problem
for the country in the past several years. Finally, there is a need for students to utilize the
appropriate instructional materials and school equipment for them to learn and gain the necessary
knowledge in school. This lack of accessibility in books and other school supplies clearly
manifest the scarcity in the public schools in the country.
There is nothing wrong in aiming the other fraction of a horizon, and that is what the
government attempts to accomplish. It is in fact an indication that to aspire for something higher,
one must carry out certain actions to achieve the goal. However, the administration also ought to
realize and clearly understand what the educational system in the Philippines needs to develop
primarily. The mentioned issues above are only a few elements that entailed to be resolved. At
some point, the Philippines cannot go ahead unless the concerns are faced and the difficulties are
completely solved. There are a lot to be done to improve the competency of the youth. The
government does not need to gaze from afar.

In the outset of the K to 12 implementation many students, particularly, Grade 11 dont


have yet full idea on what will happen to them after graduating high school level. The only
sources of their information are on television, newspaper, radio or social media post but there are
nobody who discuss or give a full understanding of the implementation of K to 12 curriculum.
What they only know is they need to undergo the educational changes to be able to enter into
college level and having a vocational certificate after finishing Senior high school, but they
didnt know that K to 12 have a good opportunities to their lives.
Because of those timely and alarming matters, the researchers aim to determine the
problems encountered by Senior High School in implementation of K to 12 Curriculum at
Bestlink College of the Philippines.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM


This study aims to determine the PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SENIOR HIGH
SCHOOL STUDENTS INTHE IMPLEMENTATION OF K TO 12 CURRICULUM AT
BESTLINK COLLEGE OF THE PHILIPPINES, A.Y 2016 - 2017.
Specifically, it sought to answer the following question:
1. How may the respondents be described in terms of:
1.1 Gender;
1.2 Age;
1.3 Marital Status;
1.4 Socioeconomic Status;
2. What are the students perceptions about the implementation of K-12 Curriculum
according to:
2.1 Goals and objectives
2.2 Track and Strands
2.3 School plans and facilities

2.4 Others
3. What are the problems encountered by the students and how are these addressed?
4. How do these problems affect the academic performance of the Senior High School
students?
5. How may the finding of this study be utilized in developing a guide in improving the
implementation of this curriculum?
ASSUMPTION
The researcher of this study assumed the following:
1. The gathered data are valid and reliable.
2. The respondents may be described as to gender, age, marital status and socioeconomic
status.
3. There are different students perceptions about the implementation of K-12 Curriculum.
4. There are problems encountered by Senior High Students regarding full implementation
of k to 12 curriculum.
6. These problems have a large effect in the academic performance of the Senior High
School students.
5. There are ways which can be utilized to improve the implementation of K-12 Curriculum
in BCP.

SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

This study focuses itself to the Problems Encountered in the Implementation of the K to
12 curriculum at Bestlink College of the Philippines. Specifically, the respondents of this study
are selected grade 11 students of Senior High School Department of Bestlink College of the
Philippines

Purposive method will be used in data gathering of this study and survey questioner was
based on K -12 Curriculum Manual of the Department of Education (DepEd). The data are
rephrased in order to fit to the present study.
This study was delimited only to 50 students of the total number of enrolees of Senior
High School Department of Bestlink College of the Philippines due to economical reason and
time constraint.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


This study could be significant and beneficial specifically to the following:
Learners: The findings of this research would be able to inspire, enlightened, and help
them to be aware to the Problems Encountered in implementation of k to 12 curriculum at BCP
and would be a great contribution to the knowledge in relation of students achievements.
Teacher: This research will benefit the teacher from the school, for them to be aware of
the problems in new K to 12 curriculum and as an implementer of it inside the classroom.
Parents: the result of this study will provide some insight and understanding on how is
the k to 12 curriculum implemented.
School Administrators: This study could motivate and challenge school authorities to
improve the implementation of K to 12 curriculum.
Future Researcher: study will serve as they reference for the basis and improvement of
their study.
DEFINITION OF TERMS

The purpose and clarification, the important terms used in this study have been defined.
The following terms are:
Cognitive- is referring to knowledge or understanding of relating to cognition
Endeavour- refers to the respondents of the study their attempts in achieve somethings
Horizon-refers the limit of what is possible in a particular field.
Implementation- means to the process of putting the k to 12 curriculum at Bestlink College of
the Philippines.
K to 12 Program/Curriculum- this refers to the new implemented curriculum which is adding
two more year in Educational System of the Philippines.
Purposive method- is a method that researcher relies on the judgment when choosing members
of population to participate in the study.
Senior High School Students (SHS) - refers to grade 11Student who currently enrolled at
Bestlink College of the Philippines
Academic Track and Strands - are referring to the college plans and availabity of what is the
student want or choice in pursuing to the college level.
Vocational certificate- this is referring to the certificate that the student obtain after finishing
Senior High School which accredited by TESDA
Voucher refers to the grants of senior high students subsidy on tuition and other school fees
from the government.