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Universidad de el Salvador.

Facultad de ciencias agronmicas.


Departamento de zootecnia.
Ingles tcnico ll
Cuestionario l de introduccin a la terminologa mdica veterinaria.

Catedrtico: Lic. Macario Pineda Hernndez.

Alumno: Cesar Ernesto Mena Najarro.

Fecha: 29/08/2016

Matching
Match the word parts in Column I with the definition in Column II.
Column I

Column II

a. word part found at the beginning of a word.


Usually indicates number, location, time,
or status.

________

suffix

b. word part that gives the essential meaning


of the word.

________

combining vowel

c.

________

combining form

d. combination of the root and combining


vowel.

________

root

e. word part found at the end of a word. Usually


indicates procedure, condition, disease, or
disorder.

________

prefix

single vowel, usually an o, that is added


to the end of a root to make the word easier
to pronounce.

Fill in the Blanks


Write the medical terms that represent the following definitions.
1. means absence of urine.

________________

2. means move toward the midline.

________________

3. means to take away from the midline.

________________

4. work against or prevent vomiting.

________________

5. means diffi culty eating or swallowing.

________________

Multiple Choice
Choose the correct answer.
1. __________________

means
before or preceding an operation
a. Preoperative
b. Perioperative
c. Postoperative

2. __________________
after an operation.
a. Preoperative

Fecha: 29/08/2016

Means

b. Perioperative
c. Postoperative

3. __________________ means
cutting into or incisin
a. -tomy
b. -stomy
c. -ectomy

4. __________________ means a
surgically created opening.
a. -tomy
b. -stomy

c. ectomy

b. Endoscope.
c. Chemotherapy.

5. __________________ the

8. __________________ bursting

electrocardiographic hard copy


record.
a. Electrocardiogram.
b. Electrocardiograph.
c. electrocardiography.

a.
b.
c.
d.

forth of blood from the vessels.


enterorrhaphy,
hemorrhage,
diarrhea,
myorrhexis,

9. __________________ pertaining to
6. __________________ separation

the kidney.
a. Cardiac.
b. Renal.
c. Lumbar.

of the urine into its constituents.


a. Endoscope.
b. urinalysis.
c. endoscopy.

10. __________________ pertaining to


7. __________________ an
instrument used to visually examine
inside the body.
a. Endoscopy.

the skin.
a. Uterine.
b. Nephritic.
c. Cutaneous.

Fill in the Blanks


Write the medical terms that represent the following defi nitions.
1. Condyle is a noun meaning a rounded projection on a
glandular/______________________________________________________________

2. Cyanosis is a noun meaning condition of blue


coloration/_____________________________________________________________

3. Mucus is a noun meaning a slimelike substance that is composed of


joint/__________________________________________________________________
4. -centesis surgical puncture to remove solid or
mucus/________________________________________________________________
5. Hyperglycemia means depressed amounts of blood
glucose._______________________________________________________________

Word Part Identificatin.


a. Underline the
word root(s) in
the following
terms.

b. Underline the
suffix in the
following terms.

c. Underline the
prefix in the
following terms.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Arthro/desis.
Celio/tomy.
Cranio/tomy.
Cyto/logy.
Hypo/gloss/al.

Fecha: 29/08/2016

Arthr/algia.
Lip/emia
Echocardio/gram.
Pancreat/itis.
Zoo/logy.

An/emia.
Anti/biotic.
Endo/crine.
Epi/dermis.
Intra/uterine.

Case Study
CASE DESCRIPTION-An 8-year-old castrated male German Shepherd Dog was evaluated
because of abdominal distension, retching, and vomiting.
CLINICAL FINDINGS-Gastric dilatation-volvulus was suspected on the basis of the dog's
signalment, history, clinical signs, and results of clinic pathologic analyses and abdominal
radiography. Celiotomy was performed, and gastric dilatation-volvulus was confirmed along
with splenomegaly. Gastric invagination was performed over an area of gastric necrosis. The
dog was reevaluated 21 days later after an episode of collapse. Findings of physical
examination and clinic pathologic analyses were suggestive of internal hemorrhage. Abdominal
ultrasonography and subsequent celiotomy revealed severe gastric ulceration at the gastric
invagination site, splenic torsion, and a focal splenic infarct.
TREATMENT AND OUTCOME-Splenectomy and gastrectomy of the necrotic tissue were
performed. The dog was discharged from the hospital, and the owner was instructed to
administer gastroprotectants and feed the dog a bland diet. The dog was reported to be
healthy 3.25 years after surgery.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Findings suggest that complications associated with the gastric
invagination procedure include severe gastric ulceration that may require subsequent surgery.
Prolonged treatment with gastroprotectants following gastric invagination surgery may be
necessary to avoid gastric ulceration in dogs.

Ulcer bleeding. Possibly this is a carcinoma.

Fecha: 29/08/2016

DESCRIPCIN DEL CASO- 8 aos de edad, perro pastor alemn macho castrado fue evaluada debido a la
distensin abdominal, nuseas y vmitos.
RESULTADOS CLNICOS-dilatacin gstrica-vlvulo se sospecha sobre la base de signalment del perro, la
historia, los signos clnicos y resultados de los anlisis clnico-patolgicas y la radiografa abdominal. Se
realiz laparotoma y la dilatacin gstrica-vlvulo fue confirmada junto con esplenomegalia.
invaginacin gstrica se realiza en una zona de necrosis gstrica. El perro fue reevaluado 21 das ms
tarde despus de un episodio de colapso. Resultados de los anlisis y examen clnico-patolgicos fsicos
sugerentes de una hemorragia interna. La ecografa abdominal y la posterior laparotoma revel
ulceracin gstrica severa en el sitio de invaginacin gstrica, torsin esplnica, y un infarto esplnico
focal.
SE REALIZARON TRATAMIENTO Y EL RESULTADO-esplenectoma y la gastrectoma del tejido necrtico. El
perro fue dado de alta del hospital, y el propietario se encarg de administrar los protectores gstricos y
de comer al perro una dieta blanda. El perro se inform a ser sana 3,25 aos despus de la ciruga.
IMPORTANCIA CLNICA-Los resultados sugieren que las complicaciones asociadas con el procedimiento
de invaginacin gstrica incluyen ulceracin gstrica severa que puede requerir ciruga posterior. El
tratamiento prolongado con gastroprotectores despus de la ciruga gstrica invaginacin puede ser
necesario para evitar la ulceracin gstrica en perros.

Perforacin gstrica vista durante la laparotoma exploratoria

Bibliografia:
Veterinary Medical Terminology/Courtesy of Nanette Walker Smith, RVT, CVT and Elizabeth Warren,
RVT/http://www.vspn.org/Library/Misc/VSPN_M02371.htm
Gastric ulceration subsequent to partial invagination of the stomach in a dog with gastric dilatation-volvulus./ J
Am Vet Med Assoc./2006 Jun/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16784379
Ulcer bleeding. Possibly this is a carcinoma. the image
source:http://www.endocirugiaveterinaria.com/2010/07/gastroscopia-caninaulcera-gastrica.html

Perforacin gstrica vista durante la laparotoma exploratoria.::tag archivos perforaciones gstricas::::


https://historiasveterinarias.wordpress.com/tag/perforacion-gastrica/

Fecha: 29/08/2016