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91962_02_s13_p0177-0284

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

131. The casting has a mass of 3 Mg. Suspended in a


vertical position and initially at rest, it is given an upward
speed of 200 mm> s in 0.3 s using a crane hook H. Determine
the tension in cables AC and AB during this time interval if
the acceleration is constant.

H
A

Kinematics: Applying the equation y = y0 + ac t, we have


(+ c )

0.2 = 0 + a(0.3)

30

Equations of Motion:
+ F = ma ;
:
x
x

30

a = 0.6667 m>s2
B

FAB sin 30 - FAC sin 30 = 0


FAB = FAC = F

+ c Fy = may ;

2Fcos 30 - 29430 = 3000(0.6667)


FAB = FAC = F = 18146.1 N = 18.1 kN

Ans.

132. The 160-Mg train travels with a speed of 80 km>h


when it starts to climb the slope. If the engine exerts a
traction force F of 1>20 of the weight of the train and the
rolling resistance FD is equal to 1>500 of the weight of the
train, determine the deceleration of the train.

F
1
10

Free-Body Diagram: The tractive force and rolling resistance indicated on the free1
body diagram of the train, Fig. (a), are F = a b(160)(103)(9.81) N = 78 480 N and
20
1
3
FD = a
b (160)(10 )(9.81)N = 3139.2 N, respectively.
500
Equations of Motion: Here, the acceleration a of the train will be assumed to be
directed up the slope. By referring to Fig. (a),
+QFx = max ;

78 480 - 3139.2 - 160(103)(9.81)

1
2101

a = -0.5057 m>s2

= 160(103)a
Ans.

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

133. The 160-Mg train starts from rest and begins to


climb the slope as shown. If the engine exerts a traction
force F of 1>8 of the weight of the train, determine the
speed of the train when it has traveled up the slope a
distance of 1 km. Neglect rolling resistance.

F
1
10

Free-Body Diagram: Here, the tractive force indicated on the free-body diagram of
1
the train, Fig. (a), is F = (160)(103)(9.81) N = 196.2(103) N.
8
Equations of Motion: Here, the acceleration a of the train will be assumed directed
up the slope. By referring to Fig. (a),
+QFx = max ;

196.2(103) - 160(103)(9.81)a

1
2101

b = 160(103)a

a = 0.2501 m>s2
Kinematics: Using the result of a,

A +Q B

v2 = v0 2 + 2ac(s - s0)
v2 = 0 + 2(0.2501)(1000 - 0)
v = 22.4 m>s

Ans.

*134. The 2-Mg truck is traveling at 15 m> s when the


brakes on all its wheels are applied, causing it to skid for a
distance of 10 m before coming to rest. Determine the constant
horizontal force developed in the coupling C, and the frictional
force developed between the tires of the truck and the road
during this time. The total mass of the boat and trailer is 1 Mg.

Kinematics: Since the motion of the truck and trailer is known, their common
acceleration a will be determined first.
+ b
a:

v2 = v0 2 + 2ac(s - s0)
0 = 152 + 2a(10 - 0)
a = -11.25 m>s2 = 11.25 m>s2 ;

Free-Body Diagram: The free-body diagram of the truck and trailer are shown in
Figs. (a) and (b), respectively. Here, F representes the frictional force developed
when the truck skids, while the force developed in coupling C is represented by T.
Equations of Motion: Using the result of a and referrning to Fig. (a),
+ F = ma ;
:
x
x

-T = 1000(-11.25)
T = 11 250 N = 11.25 kN

Ans.

Using the results of a and T and referring to Fig. (b),


+ c Fx = max ;

11 250 - F = 2000(-11.25)
F = 33 750 N = 33.75 kN

Ans.

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

135. If blocks A and B of mass 10 kg and 6 kg,


respectively, are placed on the inclined plane and released,
determine the force developed in the link. The coefficients
of kinetic friction between the blocks and the inclined plane
are mA = 0.1 and mB = 0.3. Neglect the mass of the link.

30

Free-Body Diagram: Here, the kinetic friction (Ff)A = mANA = 0.1NA and
(Ff)B = mB NB = 0.3NB are required to act up the plane to oppose the motion of
the blocks which are down the plane. Since the blocks are connected, they have a
common acceleration a.
Equations of Motion: By referring to Figs. (a) and (b),
+QFy = may ;

NA - 10(9.81) cos 30 = 10(0)


NA = 84.96 N

R+ Fx = max ;

10(9.81) sin 30 - 0.1(84.96) - F = 10a


40.55 - F = 10a

(1)

and
+QFy = may ;

NB - 6(9.81) cos 30 = 6(0)


NB = 50.97 N

R+ Fx = max ;

F + 6(9.81) sin 30 - 0.3(50.97) = 6a


F + 14.14 = 6a

(2)

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yields


a = 3.42 m>s2
F = 6.37 N

Ans.

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

136. Motors A and B draw in the cable with the


accelerations shown. Determine the acceleration of the
300-lb crate C and the tension developed in the cable.
Neglect the mass of all the pulleys.

C
aP 2 ft/s2
B
P

Kinematics: We can express the length of the cable in terms of sP, sP, and sC by
referring to Fig. (a).
sP + sP + 2sC = l
The second time derivative of the above equation gives

A+TB

aP + aP + 2aC = 0

(1)

Here, aP = 3 ft>s2 and aP = 2 ft>s2. Substituting these values into Eq. (1),
3 + 2 + 2aC = 0
aC = -2.5 ft>s2 = 2.5 ft>s2 c

Ans.

Free-Body Diagram: The free-body diagram of the crate is shown in Fig. (b).
Equations of Motion: Using the result of aC and referring to Fig. (b),
+ c Fy = may ;

2T - 300 =

300
(2.5)
32.2
T = 162 lb

Ans.

180

aP 3 ft/s2
P