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It is easy to make a delicious-looking hamburger at home. But would this hamburger still look
delicious after it sat on your kitchen table under very bright lights for six or seven hours? If someone
took a picture or made a video of this hamburger after the seventh hour, would anyone want to eat
it? More importantly, do you think you could get millions of people to pay money for this hamburger?
These are the questions that fast food companies worry about when they produce commercials or
print ads for their products. Video and photo shoots often last many hours. The lights that the
photographers use can be extremely hot. These conditions can cause the food to look less
attractive to potential consumers. Because of this, the menu items that you see in fast food
commercials are probably not healthy.
Lets use the hamburger as an example. The first step towards building the perfect commercial
hamburger is the bread. The food stylista person employed by the company to make sure the
products look perfectspends hours looking for the perfect one.. Next, the stylist carefully moves
the sesame seeds on the bread using glue and tweezers for maximum visual attraction. The bread
is then sprayed with a waterproofing solution so that it will not get wet from contact with other
ingredients, the lights, or the humidity in the room.
Next, the food stylist shapes a hamburger into a perfect circle. Only the outside of the meat gets
cookedthe inside is left raw so that the meat looks juicy and more delicious. The food stylist then
paints the outside of the hamburger with a mixture of oil and brown food coloring. Grill marks are
painted into the hamburgers using hot metal skewers.
Finally, the food stylist searches through dozens of tomatoes and heads of lettuce to find the bestlooking produce. One leaf of the crispest lettuce and one center slice of the reddest tomato are
selected and then sprayed with glycerin to keep them looking fresh.
So the next time you see a tasty hamburger in a fast food commercial, remember: youre actually
looking at glue, paint, raw meat, and glycerin! Are you still hungry?
1) The authors primary purpose is to
a) convince readers not to eat at fast food restaurants
b) explain how fast food companies make their food look delicious in commercials
c) teach readers how to make delicious-looking food at home
d) criticize fast food companies for lying about their products in commercials
2) According to the passage, fast food companies use things like glue and glycerin on hamburgers
that appear in advertisements because
I. Food used in the commercial is healthy
II. it is important that people who see these advertisements want to pay for the food being
III. filming a commercial or taking a photo can take a very long time
a). l only

b). I and II only

c). II and III only

3) As used in paragraph 2, something is healthy if it

a) can safely be eaten
c) seems much smaller in real life

d). I, II, and III

b) looks very delicious

d) tastes good

4) According to the passage, a food stylist working on a hamburger commercial might use glue to
a) make sure the meat patty stays attached to the bread
b) keep the sesame seeds on the bread in perfect order
c) put the lettuce on the bread
d) hold the entire hamburger together

5) Based on information in the passage, it is most important for the lettuce and tomato used in a fast
food hamburger commercial to
a) have a great taste
b) be hydroponics

c) be the perfect shape and size

d) look fresh

6) Which sentences is correct about the text?

a) The hamburger made at home looks delicious after seven hours.
b) Filming a TV commercial lasts many hours.
c) Food stylist cooks delicious.
d) The text shoes us how to make a cheeseburger.
7) As used in the final paragraph, which is the best synonym for tasty?
a) disgusting

b) familiar

c) fake

d) delicious

Philadelphia is a city known for many things. It is where the Declaration of Independence was
signed in 1776, and it was also the first capital of the United States. But one fact about Philadelphia
is not so well-known: it is home to nearly 3,000 murals painted on the sides of homes and buildings
around the city. In fact, it is said that Philadelphia has more murals than any other city in the world,
with the exception of Rome. How did this come to be?
More than 20 years ago, a New Jersey artist named Jane Golden started a program pairing
troubled youth with artists to paint murals on a few buildings around the city. From this small project,
something magical happened. The young people involved helped to create magnificent pieces of
art, but there were other, perhaps more important benefits. The young people learned to collaborate
and be kind to another people during the various steps required to paint and design a mural. They
learned to be responsible, because they needed to follow a schedule to make sure the murals were
completed. They also learned to help in their community. It is hard for any resident to see the
spectacular designs and not feel proud to be a part of Philadelphia.
Take a walk around some of the poorest neighborhoods in Philadelphia, neighborhoods full of
broken windows and litter everywhere, and you will find beautiful works of art on the sides and
fronts of buildings. Of course the murals are not just in poor neighborhoods, they are also in
neighborhoods where rich people live. Special buses take tourists to different parts of the city to see
the various murals, which are huge portraits of historical heroes, to cityscapes, to scenes
representing the diverse ethnic groups that call Philadelphia home.
As a result of its success, the mural program created by Jane Golden has now become the nations
largest public art program and a model for other cities throughout the country trying to help troubled

1) The main focus of the passage is :

a) an art program designed to help troubled youth
c) the reasons why there are many musicians in Philadelphia

c) tourism in Philadelphia
d) the biography of Jane Golden

2) As used in paragraph1, the phrase it is said suggests that the author is

a) telling a joke
b) using a sentence connector
c) referring to something that is repeated by people, but may be not true.
d) giving his personal opinion
3) As used in paragraph 1, the phrase with the exception of Rome means that
a) Rome has fewer murals than Philadelphia
b) Philadelphia has fewer murals than Rome
c) Rome has the most beautiful murals of all
d) Rome and Philadelphia are the only cities with murals
4) According to the passage, the murals in Philadelphia
I. attracts tourists who want to see them
II. instill responsibility and pride in the people who paint them
III. are solely designed by the youth who paint them
a) I only

b) I and II only

5) The program started:

a) less than two years
c) since Jane Golden was 20 years old

c) II and III only

d). I, II, and III

c) twelve years ago

d) more than twenty years ago

6) Based on information in the passage, the author most likely believes that
a) there are too many murals in Philadelphia
b) the mural program was an inspirational idea
c) painting is boring
d) tourists must paint, too
7) Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that the author believes the two best
reasons for other cities to adopt the mural program are to
a) make more money by painting
b) help troubled youth and beautify their city
c) promote tourism in Philadelphia
d) be more famous than Rome and earn more money.
8) Which sentence is not correct about the text?
a) some people are against this program
b) Philadelphia was the first capital city of the United States
c) The text doesn`t include an interview with a program muralist
d). the Declaration of Independence was signed here.

Throughout the world, ancient forests are in danger. Many of the plants and animals that live in
these forests face extinction, and many of the people and cultures who depend on these forests for
their way of life also under threat. But the news is not all bad. There is still a chance to save these
forests and the biodiversity they support. Greenpeaces latest campaign will ensure this chance is
not wasted. The worlds ancient forests, coniferous forests, and rain forests. Together they maintain
environmental systems that are essential for life on Earth. They do this by controlling rainfall and
evaporation of water from soil; storing large amounts of carbon that would otherwise contribute to
climate change.
These forests are the habitats of around two-thirds of the worlds land-based species od plants and
animals. Thats hundreds of thousands of different plants and animals, and literally millions of
insects, all of which are vital components of the worlds delicately balanced ecosystem. And of
course, the forests are home to millions of forest people who depend on them for their survival-both
physically and spiritually. More than 87 human cultures have been wiped out in Brazil alone as a
result of deforestation, and continued destruction of the worlds forests is endangering many more
in the first years of the new century.
There is one last chance to save these forests and the people and species that depend on them.
Register below to join the growing number of people taking a stand for the last ancient forests. You
will receive our monthly Activist News with plenty of ways to supports our campaign, and in addition
you will have the option to join the Greenpeace Cyberactivist Community, allowing you to participate
in online discussions.

Circle the correct answer:

1. The meaning of wipe out , according to the text is:

a) cut
b) forgot
c) destroyed

d) ecosystem

2. The place where an organism or ecological community normally lives

a) endangered
b) habitat
c) biodiversity
d) deforestation
3. They maintain environmental systems that are essential for life on Earth.
a) forests
b) people
c) ecosystemd) temperature
4. According to the text carbon contributes to
a) evaporation
b) rainfalls
c) survival

d) climate change

5. A benefit If you register to join The Greenpeace Cyberactivist Community

a) receive Activist News
c) many trips
b) receive Money
d) meet people

I went to university and studied languages English and Spanish and business administration.
When I left I had no idea what I wanted to do, but I knew the jobs I didnt want. You know: I never
wanted a boring job in an office. I wanted to meet people, travel, use my languages. I took lots of
temporary jobs, just to earn some money. I was a waitress. I served behind a barerand I
worked as a guide for a travel company. You know, showing tourists around Paris.

Then I got a job as a secretary with an advertising agency. I can t remember exactly how I got the
job. I could type, but I think I knew someone who worked there and she introduced me to her boss
something like that. Anyway, one of the clients of the advertising agency was this film company,
called Talking Pictures, and I started working for them. I stayed there for quite a long time about 5
years as the Personal Assistant to the Managing Director. I learned a lot about the film industry. I
started to write about films for a magazine and now I work for the magazine full-time as a journalist.
Its strange really. Ive worked for about twelve years now, since I left university, and have I even
had a real job interview? No, I haven`t. In all that time I havent had an interview! Ive never sat
down and decided I wanted to do a particular job. Lifes no like that any more.

Caroline likes travelling very much.

Her mother introduced her someone who had an advertising agency.
She left university twelve years ago.
She worked as a translator at the film company.
She had a lot of interview before she got her present job.



In recent years people have threatened the future of many animals. Life has become difficult or
impossible for many species. Wild animals cannot compete with people for land the animals
always lose.
What have we done?
- We have cut down forests and made farms: fewer trees mean fewer animals.
- We have hunted animals for their skins or horns.
- We have built roads and towns in place where wild animals live.
- We have polluted the environment.
Maybe it isnt too late. But we have to do something now. Tomorrow will be too late.
Today we look at some animals in danger, and consider what we can do to save them.
The white rhino
Since 1975. The number of rhinos in the world has gone down by 85 per cent. The largest kind of
rhino is the white rhinoceros, which lives in Africa.
Rhinos eat grass and they have wide, square mouths, like cows. They live together in groups of five
to ten, called herds. After the baby rhino, called a calf, is born it stays with its mother for
approximately four years.
Rhinos are big! Theyre 160 185 cm tall and 370 - 405 cm long. And theyre heavy they weigh
up to 2722 kilos.
An unusual thing about the rhino is that it can turn its ears to hear sounds from any direction!
The rhinos horn is made of something called keratin, which people have in their hair and
fingernails! Poachers kill the rhinos for their horn. A rhino horn can sell for as much as 40,000
dollars . Poachers have hunted and killed thousands of white rhinos, but 5,000 still live in wildlife
reserves in South Africa and Zimbabwe. Some African countries use men with guns to protect the
white rhinos.
1. In line 1 the word threatened means
a) Scared
b) Endangered

c) Protected

d) killed

2. How many kinds of animals are there in the world? There must be hundreds of thousands
a) species
b) carnivores
c) rhinoceros
d) birds
3. A rhinos horn cost
a) fourteen four dollars b) forty thousand dollars
forty dollars

c) forty hundred dollars

4. Rhinos are protected by men some countries.

d) fourteen

a) farms
5. Herds are :
a) animal skins

b) square mouths

c) fingernails

d) guns

b) groups of animals

c) babies rhinos

d) kinds of