You are on page 1of 28

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Pmi No.9852 2615 01

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Table of contents
HQS (Hole Quality System).................................................................................... 3
General ............................................................................................................... 3
Specifications...................................................................................................... 3
Operation ............................................................................................................ 4
Indicator ........................................................................................................ 4
Control box ................................................................................................... 5
Gradient measurement operation (HQS 10, 11 and 12 MKII) ...................... 6
Operation hole depth and penetration rate measurement (HQS 11 and 12) .. 8
Working method ................................................................................................ 9
General ........................................................................................................... 9
Definition of angles........................................................................................ 9
Angles shown on the displays are calculated in the sight direction............. 10
Control signals for length measurement ..................................................... 11
Measurement from laser reference .............................................................. 12
Hole depth from laser plane ........................................................................ 13
Fault tracing program ...................................................................................... 14
Trouble shooting mode ............................................................................... 14
Measurement connections ........................................................................... 14
Resetting ..................................................................................................... 15
Operator settings ......................................................................................... 16
Checking input signals ................................................................................ 17
General fault finding ................................................................................... 18
Fault finding, gradient measurement system .............................................. 19
Fault finding, length measurement system ................................................. 19
Fault tracing laser sensor ............................................................................ 20
Fault finding GPS system ........................................................................... 20
Wiring diagram ........................................................................................... 21
ROC-ANGIE ........................................................................................................ 22
General ............................................................................................................. 22
Preparations for assembly ................................................................................ 22
Assembly ......................................................................................................... 23
Conditions ........................................................................................................ 23
Adjust ROC-ANGIE to a zero reading ............................................................ 24
Installation ....................................................................................................... 25
Aiming examples ............................................................................................. 25
Technical data .................................................................................................. 27

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

HQS (Hole Quality System)


General
HQS is a complete system for gradient measurement, hole depth measurement on
bench drill rigs.
HQS 10 MKII - Complete instrument for hole gradient measurement.
HQS 11 MKII - Complete instrument for measuring angles, hole depth and
drilling rate. Hole depth measurement.
HQS 12 MKII - Complete instrument for measuring angles, hole depth and
drilling rate from laser reference.

Specifications
Power supply...............................................................116 - 33 VDC
Current consumption...................................................0.2A
Operating temperature ................................................ -20 - +50 C
Enclosing.....................................................................IP65
Gradient measurement:
Measurement range ................................................2 * 40
Measurement accuracy........................................... 0,3
Hole depth measurement/penetration rate
Measurement range hole depth...............................0 - 99.9 m
Measurement range penetration rate...................... 0 - 9.99 m/min
Measurement range total hole depth......................0 - 999.9 m
Measurement accuracy hole depth measurement .. 1%, min. 0.05 m
GPS sight accuracy ................................................Better than 1
Type of laser for detection ..........................................Rotating visible red. Length
630 - 680 nm.

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Operation
Indicator

Figure: Down arrow, upper display


Gradient measurement mode: The upper display shows the tilt angle. The lower
display shows the side angle.
Hole depth measurement during drilling: The upper display shows penetration
rate. The lower display shows the current hole depth.

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Control box

Figure: Control Box


(A) Switch On/Off Rocker switch for turning the HQS system on and off.
(B) Total (Sm) Push button for showing total number of metres drilled in rock
on the lower display and mean penetration rate for the last drill steel on the upper
display when held depressed.
Total counter showing total number of metres drilled (NOTE: max. 999.9 m)
since last reset.
Reset the total counter to zero by pressing the (B) Total (Sm) and (C)
Resetting buttons simultaneously.
(C) Resetting. Push button for resetting the length measurement.
(D) Increase/decrease hole depth (+/-). Knob for setting desired hole
depth.(Must be kept depressed).
Note
The switch (F) must be in the length position (C).
(E) Cab sight or GPS sight. Select between cab sight and GPS sight (option).
A Gal character is shown in the display to indicate that the angles are shown
towards the GPS sight.
(F) Measurement: Angle (a)/Pause (b)/Length (c).
In the Angle position (a) the upper display shows the angle of inclination and
the lower display shows the lateral angle.

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Note
All angles refer to the angle to which the sight is pointing. If the switch is moved to
the Angle position (a) during drilling then the system will continue to measure the
length of the hole being drilled.
In the Pause position both displays will show -----.
Note
In the pause position the system stops measuring length. This could be used to
stop length measurement when flushing a hole for example, providing that
percussion is used as a drilling signal.
In the Length position (c) the displays show the penetration rate on the upper
display and drill bit position (or the laser line) on the lower display.
Gradient measurement operation (HQS 10, 11 and 12 MKII)
1. Set up the drill rig with the feed at roughly the location for the next drill hole.

Figure: Setting up.


2. Set the switch (F) in the Angle position (a).
3. Adjust the aim so that it points in the rock blasting direction. Aim at an object
as far away as possible that is easy to remember.

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Note
The displays now show all drilling angles relative to the line of sight.

Figure: Sight.
4. Set the feed so that it is positioned in the right drilling angles.

Figure: Adjust the angles.


5. Drill the hole to the desired depth.
6. Take the rods up from the hole.
7. Manoeuvre the drill rig to the position for the next hole.
Note
If the GPS sight is fitted then the blast direction must be set in the system. The
actual direction of the carrier is shown on the upper display. The desired blast
direction is shown on the lower display.
8. Change the blast direction by pressing button (D) and set the required value by
turning it.

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Note
The GPS requires 4-5 minutes in order to start after being switched on. Read
further under the chapter entitled GPS.
Operation hole depth and penetration rate measurement (HQS 11 and 12)
The drill rig is set up in accordance with the chapter Gradient measurement.
1. Set the feed so that it is positioned in the right drilling angles.
2. Apply the drill bit to the collaring point.
3. Set the rocker switch (F) in position (C). Hole depth measurement now starts,
counting the position of the drill bit as zero. The upper display shows the
penetration rate and the lower display shows the position of the drill bit.

Figure: Penetration rate and drill bit position.


4. Press button (D) and turn until the lower display shows the required hole depth.
Release the pushbutton. If the hole depth is set at 0.0 then the length stop is
switched off.
5. To activate the counter, set switch (F) in position (a) and then back to position
(c).
6. Drill down the first drill rod.
7. Close the drill-steel support and unscrew the adapter.
Depth measurement stops and after four seconds the drilling angles are shown on
the displays.
NOTE:The system measures the length between the signals Upper drill
steel support open and unscrewing. These signals must therefore come at
the beginning and end of the drill steel.

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

8. Add a drill rod to the drill string.


9. Length measurement restarts when the upper drill/steel support opens.
10. Drill the hole to the desired depth.
11. Drilling stops automatically at the desired hole depth if the function Set length
is used (see points two and four above).
12. Reset with button (C).
13. Pull up the drill steel.
14. Operate to the next hole.
Note
Switch (F) must be reset from position (a) to position (C) in order that the counter
shall be activated.

Working method
General
The system has functions for measuring drilling angles, drill bit position and
penetration rate.
When the drill rig is not drilling the displays show the drilling angles. During
drilling the position of the bit and the penetration rate are shown.
When drilling is stopped the drilling angles are shown (after about four seconds).
The displays show arrows that point up for the position of the drill bit and
penetration rate and down for drilling angles.
Definition of angles
The gradient measurement system consists of:

Boom articulation sensor


Angle sensor for measuring feed angles.
Aim
Display unit for showing values.

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Angles shown on the displays are calculated in the sight direction

Figure: Fig. A
a Sight direction
b Angle direction

This is understood to mean that the boom and sight point straight ahead, that the
angles are shown as in Fig.A.

Figure: Fig. B
a Sight direction
b Angle direction

If the boom is moved the system will take this into account and present the angles
in the sights direction as in Fig. B.

Figure: Fig. C
a Sight direction
b Angle direction

If the aim is now turned the system will take this into account and present the
angles in the new sight direction as in Fig. C.

10

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

The angles shown on the display refer to the direction of the bottom of the feeder.
For example, if the sight is straight ahead and the upper display shows +10 and
the lower -1.2 the drill bit is pointing 10 forward and 1.2 to the right.
Control signals for length measurement
The input signals used for controlling length measurement are per drill-steel
support open and unscrewing (drill signals 2 and 3).
When the switch (F) is set to position (c) the system adopts length measurement
mode. Here the position of the drill bit is shown on the lower display and the
penetration rate on the upper display.
If the feed is reversed the position of the drill bit will also be counted down.
When unscrewing is activated (rod handling is started) the system switches to
gradient measurement and remains there until the upper drill-steel support opens
(rod handling finished). The system then goes back to length measurement mode.
The length measurement mode can also be interrupted by setting the switch (F) to
position (b).
NB: The system measures the length between the signals upper drill-steel
support open and unthreading. So these signals must come at the
beginning and end of the drill steel.

11

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Measurement from laser reference

Figure:
a Laser plane
b Desired finished bottom

The laser transmitter emits a beam that rotates horizontally. When the laser is set
up it adjusts itself to an exactly horizontal plane (a). This can be used as a
reference for hole depth measurement.
The laser is set up at a known height above the desired finished bench bottom. See
figure 4.
The laser is set up at a point the height of which above the finished bottom,
including underdrilling, is known.
The distance from the point to the laser plane is measured. The laser plane is now
parallel with the bottom at a height LH = L+H from the bottom.

12

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Hole depth from laser plane


A laser sensor is mounted on the cradle. This sends a signal to the system when it
is reached by the laser plane emitted at a known height above the desired finished
bench bottom.

Figure:
When drilling starts the hole depth is measured from the collaring point (upper
figure).
When the laser sensor is struck by the laser the programmed value from sensor to
drill bit is set up as the hole depth and length measurement continues from this
distance (lower figure).
As an indication that the length is now from the laser plane, the decimal point is
replaced by a colon on the length display.

13

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Fault tracing program


Trouble shooting mode

Check that the switch (F) is in the Angle position (a).


Switch off the system. Switch (A) position 0.
Press button (C) and hold it depressed.
Switch on the system. Switch (A) position 1.
Release button (C).

The upper display now shows 9999 and the lower display shows 0.
Now the system changes over to trouble shooting mode.
Press the Total button (B).
Measurement connections
The upper display shows measurement connections, the lower shows 1 if the
measurement connection has contact and 0 if it does not have contact.
Press the Total button (B) to select the next measurement connection.
Table:
Upper display

Lower display

0001

Length measurement sensor

0002

Tilt angle sensor (on the feeder)

0003

Aim

0004

Boom articulation sensor

0005-0011

Not used

0012

GPS (option)

0013-0016

Not used

Measurement directions
To check measurement directions, press Total until the upper display shows 16.

14

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Table:
Upper display

Lower display

1011

Length meter counter. When the cradle is moved


downwards the value shall increase. (Does not apply
to HQS10)

1012

Laser receiver signal. Lowest digit 1 when active, 0


when inactive.

1021

Lateral angle sensor. When the feeder is vertically


aligned the value should be approx. 0. When the drill
bit is moved to the right the value should be negative,
and when it is moved to the left it should be positive.

1022

Tilt angle sensor. When the feeder is vertically


aligned the value should be approx. 0. When the drill
bit is moved backwards the value should be negative,
and when it is moved forwards it should be positive

1031

Sight. When the sight is aimed straight ahead the


value should be 0. When the sight is moved to the
right the value should be positive, and when it is
moved to the left it should be negative.

1041

Boom articulation sensor. When the boom is in the


straight ahead position the value should be approx. 0.
When the boom is moved to the right the value should
be positive, and when it is moved to the left the value
should be negative.

1121

GPS compass (option) shows carrier direction.

Resetting

Adjust the feeder to vertical alignment with the rig.


Adjust the boom straight ahead.
Adjust the cabin and the sight straight forward.
Switch off the system. (Not required if you are in trouble shooting mode. In
which case, continue by pressing the Total button (B) until 2021 is shown.)
Press button // (C) and hold it depressed.
Switch on the system. Switch (A) position (1).
Release button (C).
Now the upper display shows 9999 and the lower 0.
Press theTotal button (B) until the display shows 2021.
Press button (C) to reset the value.

15

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Browse with button (B) to reach the next value in the upper menu.
Table:
Upper display

Lower display

2021

Lateral angle sensor Shows the value from the


sensor.

2022

Tilt angle sensor Shows 0.0 after resetting.

2031

Sight

2041

Boom joint transducer

Note
The length and GPS sight do not need to be reset.
Operator settings
Switch off the system. (Not required if you are in trouble shooting mode. In
which case, continue by pressing the Total button (B) until 2021 is shown.)
Press button // (C) and hold it depressed.
Switch on the system. Switch (A) position (1).
Release button (C).
Now the upper display shows 9999 and the lower 0000.
Press theTotal button (B) until the display shows 3101.
Press the Total button (B) to change function.
Press (C) to save the value.
Table:

16

Upper display

Lower display

3101

Shows the distance (in metres) between the laser


receiver and the drill bit with the first drill rod inserted.
Press in button (D) and turn it until it shows the
required length between the laser receiver and the drill
bit. (If the receiver is not connected, leave it at 0.0)

3102

Shows the maximum drill rod length. Press button


(C) and turn it until it shows the length of the drill rod.
(0.0 shows that it is disconnected.) After resetting it
shows 0.0

3103

Shows measurement resolution, angles. Press


button (D) to select 0.1, 0.2 or 0.5

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Upper display

Lower display

3201

Length stop. Shows nothing. When button (D) is


pressed the output signal becomes active and the
lower display shows 1.

Checking input signals


The system must be in trouble shooting mode. See previous chapter.

The upper display is showing 9999 and the lower 0000. To reach the next check
number, press Total (B) several times until the upper display shows 3301.
Table:
Upper display

Lower display

3301

Shows 0000.
If the signal is active it is changed to 1 000
000 1 = percussion
00 1 0 = upper drill-steel support control
0 1 00 = unthreading

3401

Shows 1 when the switch (E) is in the Sight position (a).


Shows 2 when the switch (E) is in the GPS position (c).

3501

Shows 1 when the switch (F) is in the Angle position (a).


Shows 2 when the switch (F) is in the Pause position (b).
Shows 3 when the switch (F) is in the Length position
(c).

17

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

General fault finding


HQS MKII uses a so-called open CAN technology. This means that it maintains
constant contact with all connected meters. If the Master (display) has
established contact with a meter then a fault message is shown in the upper
display. All meters are connected in series.
Table:
FAULT

ACTION

Shows Fault x l
e.g.1.

Cannot communicate with the meter x. 1 = length


meter. Check the cable to the sensor. If the cable is
OK, replace the sensor

Shows Fault x.x


switching
between X.X. I
e.g. 1.2.

Cannot communicate with the meters x and x.


Replace the cable to the first meter in the network.

Display is black
and the fuse is
blown.

There is a short circuit in +24 Vout to the sensors.


Disconnect the cable into the gradient meter.
Replace the fuse. If the fuse has not triggered then
the fault is after the gradient meter. If the fuse has
triggered then the fault is before. Disconnect the
cable to the next transducer and try again.

Note
Only use 1A fuses. If larger fuses are used then the equipment could sustain
damage.

18

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Fault finding, gradient measurement system


Table:
FAULT

ACTION

Displays for the


angles unstable or
show inaccurate
values.

Run the fault tracing program to locate the defective


sensor.
Connect a loose cable between the central unit and
the defective sensor. If it now works OK, change the
cable.
If the fault is still present, change the sensor. If the
fault persists, change the central unit.

Fault finding, length measurement system


Table:
FAULT

ACTION

Length
measurement not
working.

Run the fault tracing program and try to locate the


fault.

No length sensor
signal.

Check that the wire that runs around the length


sensor is OK. Check the cable to the length sensor.
Change sensor.

No drill signals.

Fault trace the control signal connections in the


electric cabinet.

19

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Fault tracing laser sensor


Table:
FAULT

ACTION

No laser indication

Run the fault tracing program and try to locate the


fault. Connect 2-3 in the laser cable's connector and
see whether the master indicates laser signal. If it
does indicate laser signal, measure 1-2 = 24 V DC.
Check the fuse in the connection box for the laser
cable.
2-3 10.5 VDC. If the voltage is OK, replace the laser
receiver.
If there is no indication on the display or if there is
no voltage, measure the voltage on the laser side in
the connection box for the laser.
Red-white = +24 V DC. Blue-white = 10.5 V DC. If
the voltage is OK, replace the cable between the
connection box for the laser and the connection box
for the length meter.

Note
When replacing the cable, only tighten the connector manually, use NO TOOLS.
Fault finding GPS system
Table:
FAULT

ACTION

The display shows


nnn.

The GPS has no contact with the satellites. Check


the antenna cables. First replace the GPS receiver,
then the antennas.

Note
The GPS requires 4-5 minutes after being switched on in order to start.

20

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Wiring diagram

Figure: Wiring diagram

21

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

ROC-ANGIE
General
ROC-ANGIE measures forward/rearward and right/left angles from the feed's
vertical position.
If straight vertical holes are drilled then it is unnecessary to aim ROC-ANGIE.
The drill rig can stand in any direction at all relative to the bench if ROC-ANGIE
is correctly aimed.

Figure: ROC-ANGIE

Preparations for assembly


1. Set the feed in a vertical position with the aid of a spirit level. Adjust forward/
rearward for a precise vertical reading.
2. Adjust left/right for a precise vertical reading.
3. Check that both left/right and forward/rearward are still vertical.

22

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Figure:

Assembly
1. Mount the retaining yoke/bracket or welded beam on the feeder at such a height
that the receiver is easy to read. To facilitate matters, mount ROC-ANGIE on
the same side as the drill operator.
2. Position ROC-ANGIE in the retaining yoke and tighten the bolts. If everything
is correct, both scales should now show 0 even if ROC-ANGIE is rotated
round its own axis. If this is not the case, proceed to the adjustment section.

Conditions
The feed must be in a precisely vertical position, both left/right and forward/
rearward. See the assembly section.

23

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Adjust ROC-ANGIE to a zero reading


1. Loosen and retighten all bolts by hand. Look at the upper scale and adjust (a)
the left/right bolts to an exact zero reading on the (b) upper scale. Tighten the
left/right bolts by hand.

Figure:
2. Look at the (b) lower scale and adjust ROC-ANGIE forward/rearward to an
exact zero reading. Tighten the (a) forward/rearward bolts by hand. Check left/
right, forward/ rearward once again and adjust as necessary. Tighten all bolts
using a torque wrench.

Figure:
Note
Perform a final check by rotating ROC-ANGIE around its own axis while
observing the two scales - they should show 0 in all directions.

24

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Installation
1. Choose an aiming point (the further away, the better).
2. Loosen the handle on the top of ROC-ANGIE.
3. Look through the aim and turn ROC-ANGIE around until the centre arrow in
the aim is exactly in the middle of the tree and between the two outer arrows. If
necessary, adjust the aim or move it to the other side by undoing the knob at the
bottom of ROC-ANGIE.

Figure:
4. Lock the handle.
5. Adjust the feeder to the correct angle.
6. Start drilling.

Aiming examples
Two different ways of aiming ROC-ANGIE are described below. In the first
example the aiming point is in line with the blasting direction.

25

Instruction Manual

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Figure: Example 1
a Bench
b Reference point

In the second example the aiming point is parallel with the bench. Which method
to use? That will often depend on the nature of the terrain and the distance to the
aiming point.

26

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator

Instruction Manual

Figure: Example 2
a Stick in drill hole
b Bench

Note
The aiming point should be at a distance of at least 100 m.

Technical data
Measurement range ....................................................20
Precision .....................................................................9.2
Weight, including bracket ...........................................5.0 kg
Dimensions:
Width .....................................................................130 mm
Height ....................................................................230 mm
Depth .....................................................................105 mm
Temperature range....................................................... -50 C to 70 C
Enclosing.....................................................................IP 65 standard

27

Instruction Manual:

SYMBOL IDENTIFICATION

28

OPTIONS 3D Angle Indicator