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MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC JOURNALISM BY DARCY BHATI KEVERIAN

ESSAY N:
TOPIC OF STUDY: Neuroscience
DATE: Thursday 27th October 2016

TITLE: Neuromedicine Applications in US Warfare and Governance of the General Public

ABSTRACT:
Cognitive neuroscience is an academic field concerned with the scientific study of the biological
processes and aspects that underlie cognition, with a specific focus on the neural connections in
the brain which are involved in mental processes. It addresses the questions of how psychological/
cognitive activities are affected or controlled by neural circuits in the brain. Cognitive
neuroscience is a branch of both psychology and neuroscience, overlapping with disciplines such as
physiological psychology, cognitive psychology, and neuropsychology. Cognitive neuroscience relies
upon theories in cognitive science coupled with evidence from neuropsychology, and computational
modelling.
Parts of the brain play an important role in this field. Neurons play the most vital role, since
the main point is to establish an understanding of cognition from a neural perspective, along with
the different lobes of the Cerebral cortex.
Due to its multidisciplinary nature, cognitive neuroscientists may have various backgrounds. Other
than the associated disciplines just mentioned, cognitive neuroscientists may have backgrounds in
neurobiology, bioengineering, psychiatry, neurology, physics, computer science, linguistics,
philosophy, and mathematics.
Methods employed in cognitive neuroscience include experimental procedures from psychophysics and
cognitive psychology, functional neuroimaging, electrophysiology, cognitive genomics, and
behavioural genetics. Studies of patients with cognitive deficits due to brain lesions constitute
an important aspect of cognitive neuroscience. The damages in lesioned brains provide a comparable
basis with regards to healthy and fully-functioning brains. Theoretical approaches include
computational neuroscience and cognitive psychology.
These damages change the neural circuits in the brain and cause it to malfunction during basic
cognitive processes, such as memory or learning. With the damage, we can compare how the healthy
neural circuits are functioning, and possibly draw conclusions about the basis of the affected
cognitive processes.
Also, cognitive abilities based on brain development are studied and examined under the subfield
of developmental cognitive neuroscience. This shows brain development over time, analysing
differences and concocting possible reasons for those differences.
Historical origins:
Cognitive neuroscience is an interdisciplinary area of study that has emerged from many other
fields, perhaps most significantly neuroscience, psychology, and computer science.[3] There were
several stages in these disciplines that changed the way researchers approached their
investigations and that led to the field becoming fully established.
Although the task of cognitive neuroscience is to describe how the brain creates the mind,
historically it has progressed by investigating how a certain area of the brain supports a given
mental faculty. However, early efforts to subdivide the brain proved to be problematic. The
phrenologist movement failed to supply a scientific basis for its theories and has since been
rejected. The aggregate field view, meaning that all areas of the brain participated in all
behaviour, was also rejected as a result of brain mapping, which began with Hitzig and Fritschs
experiments and eventually developed through methods such as positron emission tomography (PET)
and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Gestalt theory, neuropsychology, and the
cognitive revolution were major turning points in the creation of cognitive neuroscience as a
field, bringing together ideas and techniques that enabled researchers to make more links between
behaviour and its neural substrates.
Origins in philosophy:
Philosophers have always been interested in the mind. For example, Aristotle thought the brain was
the bodys cooling system and the capacity for intelligence was located in the heart. It has been
suggested that the first person to believe otherwise was the Roman physician Galen in the second
century AD, who declared that the brain was the source of mental activity, although this has also
been accredited to Alcmaeon. However, Galen believed that personality and emotion were not
generated by the brain, but rather by other organs. Andreas Vesalius, an anatomist and physician,
was the first to believe that the brain and the nervous system are the center of the mind and
emotion. Psychology, a major contributing field to cognitive neuroscience, emerged from
philosophical reasoning about the mind...

The Neuro Revolution


Information relevant to TIs
How brain science is changing our world, book
Written by
Zack Lynch
Executive director of Neurotechnology Industry Organisation
and Managing Director at NeuroInsights
Serves on the advisory boards of the:
McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT,
Centre for Cognitive Liberty and Ethics
The Centre for Neuroeconomic Studies
Synthesise all the information flowing and combine ideas to see what benefits us the most for the
future.

TRUTH DETECTION
Impacts legal system and society as a whole
Corporation and governments spending millions already to tell reality from falsehood
CIA and other intelligence agencies using billions of fundings to develop and deliver advanced tool
for national security.
Truth detection: new phenomenon with astounding accuracy; remarkable potential to access mental
downloads to make brain spill certain secrets
Currently, this works by fMRI or MRI technologies that observed memory related regions of the brain,
that will light up under specific conditions - such as seeing evidence that would only resonate in
the mind of someone who has known information of intimate details of X events (e.g. murder scene/
case).
Research for funding and practical applications court scenarios
Finding active regions of the brain where memories go to stay (i.e. hippocampus, amygdala, the
cingulate gyrus, the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the epithalamus, the mammillary body additionally
to other organs).
Brain Fingerprinting: Dr Lawrence Farwell
Using brain MERMER testing to detect knowledge despite efforts to conceal,
A new paradigm for psychophysiological detection of concealed information: FBI brain fingerprinting
technology.
Lie activation can be viewed heftily on the prefrontal and frontal lobes.
Extensive funding by the CIA, as well as use within FBI and US Navy
the guilty knowledge test: fMRI
Daniel Langleben
Working with Cephos
Joel Huizenga - No Lie MRI Founder (36 billion dollars annually when employed to general public
sales an usage/market
Power to decode the brain, changes will occur politically in society.
Truth detection system: protect and free the innocent
Closed and autocratic regimes will leverage the same tech to silence decent and enforce loyalty to
current legal-ship.
CIA underwrite most of research

NEURO WARFARE
Neuro warfare
the development of sophisticated weapons
tension between promise and peril
neuro warfare: vast amounts of worry, debate and conjecture over what ultimate effects will be
emotional detection systems will pervade public areas as surveillance for criminals
Emergent neuro society
Americas defence spending
350 collages and uni held pentagon research contracts in 2002, 60% of basic research funding
MIT - half a billion dollars
Rogue states, the great satan or axis of evil to eliminate weapons of mass destruction
Untold billions $ at disposal: Eery and disturbing development
coercive truth detection, e.g. Men in Black
Expansion is inevitable
US Army War college:
Military Analyst: Timothy Thomas published an article titled The Brain Has No Firewall
Spring 1998

pp 84 - 92

This article examined energy based weapons, psychotropic weapons and other weapons to alter human
body to process stimuli
According

to

Thomas,

Russian

writer

N.I.

Anisimov,

1998

Military

base

centre:

Moscow

Antipsychotronic Centre, working on: Psychoterrorism, within the former Soviet Union.
Those that can remove, edit and replace memories in a human brain
In Feb 1997 military journal: many weapons were being developed throughout the world and were in
prototype stages
Russia banned Psychotronic Weapons on July 26th 2001
UUSR vs US weapons
Project Pandora: Research was run by the psychology division at the Walter Reed Army Institute of
Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Russian Woodpecker
Soviet 1953 to 1976 beamed microwave radiation at US Moscow Embassy

DARPA:
The January 2008 issue of aviation week carried article based on interview with woman who oversees
most provocative DARPA research
Amy Kruse, Executive Director, Neuroscience Division: Executive Director Neuroscience Immersion
Software; Programme Manager at DARPA, Scientist at Strategic Analysis
Some of the projects listed on the documentary:
DEFENCE SCIENCES OFFICE, NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAMS >

- Augmented Cognition
- Preventing Sleep Deprivation
- Neurotechnology for Intelligence Analysts
- Accelerated Learning
- NeoVision2
- Cognitive Technology Threat Warning Systems
- RealNose
- Enabling Stress Resistance

>>>

Research into computer analysis of brain waves by satellites without persons knowledge
precisely identify targets of enemy forces (mind reading binoculars)
Pulsed ultrasound helmets to control soldiers brain
Remote control of brain activity using ultrasound
can a satellite read your thoughts
tunnel vision from information overload to establish stronger soldiers for missions
2010

HONEYWELLS RESEARCH:
Augmented Cognition
Neuro technology of analysts NIA Programme
Currently in phase 2 of NIA programme
Augmented with participation from Teledyne Scientific Imaging and from Columbia Uni
Neuroscience reputation
Phase 3: produce prototype to readiest
Operational use nearly ready
AUGCOG and NIA research have linked several corporate agencies and academic teams:

- Daimler Chrysler with the US Marine Corps


- Lockheed Martin with the US Navy
- Boeing with the US Air Force
- Honeywell and Partners (of some 11 to 13 further partner groups and teams) with US Army
Active Denial System
(Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration)
A non lethal, counter personnel directed energy weapon it uses breakthrough technologies to provide
un-precedented, standard and non lethal capabilities at ranges beyond effective small arms range.
ADS projects a focused speed of light mlli meter wave energy beam to induce and intolerable heating
sensation on an adversarys skin and causes that individual to be repelled without injury.
Late January 2007 Moody Airforce Base in Georgia
DHS Sick Stick
Delete and replace a persons memory
Military Investigate Amnesia Beam s
Airforce wants Neuroweapons to overwhelm enemy minds
Men in black
minority report
Brain scan to find hints of what subject is intending to do
fMRI to understand what goes on with thin human brain with racial prejudice, lying and other morally
questionable social issues.
March 6th, 2006 issue of Nature
Professors and Scientists from University of California and Berkley:

- Itzahk Fried (Department of Neurosurgery UCLA)


- Moran Cerg (Computation and Neural Systems, Caltech, Department of Neurosurgery UCLA)
- Christof Koch (Computation and Neural Systems, Caltech)
Decoding patterns in visual areas of the brain
to know what subject is looking at
Scary potential:
By exposing subjects to a selection of images, then recording brain activity, the UCLA Berkley
Researchers were able to identify a series of activation patterns in the brain, from which they
could conjure an algorithm >(YangDan Associate Professor of Neurobiology University of California
Berkley).> Makes it possible to look at brain activation and make well informed guess as to what
visual information has caused it to happen
>>>

UNDUE RISK
Jonathan Moreno, Ph.D. Professor of Medical Ethics, University of Pennsylvania: BOOK: Undue Risk
Secret Experiment
Department of Defence has approx. 68 billion dollars annually to use of scientific research and
development
Pentagons Black Operations Projects: Dont Ask NOYFB Policy and groups
Earmarked for 6 billion dollars or more: MKDELTA, MKULTRA, MKAIOME, SEARCH
Moreno found himself standing in front of around 100 neuroscientists at 2001 conference (Dana
foundation conference on neuroethics) to ask: How come no one here has said anything about how all
this applies to national defence, then made it his objective to seek out more information on the
topic at hand.
First he contacted friends of his that were neuroscientists: many reluctant to reveal information on
the record, they were all either receiving DARPA funding, or very much wanted to
a few willing to speak off the record, and give general sense of the direction things were going
with DARPA funding and neuroscience
Google Search of: DARPA Neuroscience
A 2008 search registered 152,000 hits

- FedBizOpps.gov (federal business opportunities)


- Dr Nancy Kopell
- The Pentagon and Neuroscience
Majority were RFPs: meaning Request For Proposals
^ This is DARPA asking groups/agencies/scientists and researchers whether they believe they have
relevant information, technologies, research to build what they want These documents ask military contractors to say if they are able to build certain devices
and also how much time and funding they would need
by mentally translating these RFPs to English, Moreno learnt more about what DRAP A wanted to
achieve
ARMS RACE
We are now in an era of a neuroarms warfare arms race to create highly destructible weapons that
could change the definition of warfare and bring it to a frightening new perspective and level.
Whilst also containing current generation of destructive capacity
Instant human created hell
Imagine an advanced version of Honeywells image triage system, including group behavioural analysis
software, and individual emotional recognition algorithms that key off micro-emotional ticks we all
exhibit
intelligence

analysts

will

scour

real

time

surveillance

feeds

to

observe

peoples

behaviours/

thoughts and actions, and to seek and destroy enemy combatants


Eventually,

we

will

see

rise

of

neuroweapons

that

intend

to

shifting

emotional

and

change

cognitive capacity of groups; individuals and small populations.


Memory bombs for part time amnesia or electronic sleep inducing weapons may seem like something out
of science fiction but before there advent of the atomic weapons, so was the idea that approx 90 to
146,000 inhabitants could be wiped off the face of the earth by a singular bomb (Hiroshima, Japan,
August 6th 1945)
New forms of defence and surveillance:
- Robotic insects
- Real time feeds
- Unmanned predators

- Other ingenious systems


>>>

BRAIN CHIPS
More biology and chemistry labs working on next generation brain drugs
Provigil:
Implantable medial devices that interact with tiny electrical impulses
Advancing nano technology manufacturing techniques will eventually shrink the size of the devices
Surgeries to implant them will become less invasive
Next two decades impact of neuro devices will be profound
BCIs and computers accept commands from the brain or send signals to it, e.g. to restore vision if
it is impaired.
Two way BCIs would allow brains and external devices to exchange information in both directions;
enable two way communication between brain and computer. Tremendous interest in industries and
government sects.
THE NEURO SOCIETY
Wild card.
Holds enormous promise in either bliss or nightmare
Epical change: increased control over powerful factor of our own minds/free will
Over arching question: Does a citizens right to privacy include his/her own domain of the minds
thought processes?
Depending on how we answer questions like these, emerging technologies will determine how we will
govern and create out future society
Thousand

son

people

from

all

over

the

world

are

victims

of

these

Neuro

Technologies,

Experimentations, Remote Influencing and Remotely Induced Torture.


They are called TARGETED INDIVIDUALS or TIs
INFORMATION SITES:

- icaact.org
- mindjustive.org
- mindcontrol.se
- cyberbrain.se
- torturedinamerica.org
- torturingdemocracy.org
- icomw.org
- peacepink.ning.com
- freedomfchs.com
These lives are LOST, either by death or worse: total mind control and manipulation.

Covert

IMAGES

>>>>

FURTHER RESEARCH:
LINKS, BOOKS, PAPERS, JOURNALS AND PERSONS
LINKS:
1)
IOP Science, Institute of Physics, Journal of Neural Engineering:
http://bit.ly/2eDndXS
Journal of Neural Engineering was created to help scientists, clinicians and engineers to
understand, replace, repair and enhance the nervous system.
2)
Elsevier
Brain and Cognition
Editor in Chief: H.Cohen
http://bit.ly/1qPGeEC
Brain and Cognition is a forum for the integration of the neurosciences and cognitive sciences. B&C
publishes peer-reviewed research articles, theoretical papers, case histories that address important
theoretical issues, and historical articles into the interaction between cognitive function and
brain processes. The focus is on rigorous studies of an empirical or theoretical nature and which
make an original contribution to our knowledge about the involvement of the nervous system in
cognition. Coverage includes, but is not limited to memory, learning, emotion, perception, movement,
music or praxis in relationship to brain structure or function. Published articles will typically
address issues relating some aspect of cognitive function to its neurological substrates with clear
theoretical import, formulating new hypotheses or refuting previously established hypotheses.
Clinical papers are welcome if they raise issues of theoretical importance or concern and shed light
on the interaction between brain function and cognitive function. We welcome review articles that
clearly contribute a new perspective or integration, beyond summarising the literature in the field;
authors of review articles should make explicit where the contribution lies. We also welcome
proposals for special issues on aspects of the relation between cognition and the structure and
function of the nervous system. Such proposals can be made directly to the Editor-in-Chief from
individuals interested in being guest editors for such collections.
3)
Taylor and Francis Online
Network: Computation in Neural Systems
http://bit.ly/2eiOJa0
4)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
http://bit.ly/2eDl66l
Neural Computation disseminates important, multidisciplinary research in a field that attracts
psychologists,

physicists,

computer

scientists,

neuroscientists,

and

artificial

intelligence

investigators, among others.


For researchers looking at the scientific and engineering challenges of understanding the brain and
building computers, Neural Computation highlights common problems and techniques in modelling the
brain, and in the design and construction of neurally-inspired information processing systems.
Timely, short communications, full-length research articles, and reviews focus on advances in the
field and also cover the broad range of inquisition into all aspects of neural computation.

5)
Elsevier
Neural Networks
Co-Editors-in-Chief: Kenji Doya, DeLiang Wang
The Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society, European Neural Network Society
and Japanese Neural Network Society
http://bit.ly/1PLD4Le
Neural Networks is the archival journal of the world's three oldest neural modelling societies: the
International Neural Network Society (INNS), the European Neural Network Society (ENNS), and the
Japanese Neural Network Society (JNNS). A subscription to the journal is included with membership in
each

of

these

societies.Neural

Networks

provides

forum

for

developing

and

nurturing

an

international community of scholars and practitioners who are interested in all aspects of neural
networks and related approaches to computational intelligence. Neural Networks welcomes high quality
submissions that contribute to the full range of neural networks research, from behavioural and
brain

modelling,

learning

algorithms,

through

mathematical

and

computational

analyses,

to

engineering and technological applications of systems that significantly use neural network concepts
and techniques. This uniquely broad range facilitates the cross-fertilisation of ideas between
biological and technological studies, and helps to foster the development of the interdisciplinary
community

that

is

interested

in

biologically-inspired

computational

intelligence.

Accordingly,

Neural Networks editorial board represents experts in fields including psychology, neurobiology,
computer science, engineering, mathematics, and physics. The journal publishes articles, letters and
reviews, as well as letters to the editor, editorials, current events, software surveys, and patent
information.

Articles

are

published

in

one

of

five

sections:

Cognitive

Science,

Neuroscience,

Learning Systems, Mathematical and Computational Analysis, Engineering and Applications.


The journal is published twelve times a year. Neural Networks can be accessed electronically via
Science Direct (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08936080), which is used by over eight
million individuals world-wide.

6)
Neural Regeneration Research
http://bit.ly/2dTzfYV
Neural Regeneration Research (NRR) is a peer-reviewed open-accessed journal published monthly. NRR
aims to duly report the prospective, creative, and popular basic and clinical research in the
international field of neuroregeneration. NRR focuses on rapidly publishing the articles pertaining
to

brain

injury,

spinal

cord

injury,

peripheral

nerve

injury,

neurodegenerative

diseases,

and

traditional Chinese medicine, which reflect the latest progress in neuroregeneration research, and
aims to highlight the unique scientific characteristics of each article.

7)
Elsevier
Neural Computing++
http://bit.ly/1PLDlhq
Neurocomputing

publishes

articles

describing

recent

fundamental

contributions

in

the

field

of

neurocomputing. Neurocomputing theory, practice and applications are the essential topics being
covered.
NEW! Neurocomputing's Software Track allows you to expose your complete Software work to the
community through a novel Publication format: the Original Software Publication
Overview:
Neurocomputing welcomes theoretical contributions aimed at winning further understanding of neural
networks and learning systems, including, but not restricted to, architectures, learning methods,
analysis of network dynamics, theories of learning, self-organization, biological neural network
modelling, sensorimotor transformations and interdisciplinary topics with artificial intelligence,

artificial life, cognitive science, computational learning theory, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms,
information theory, machine learning, neurobiology and pattern recognition.
Neurocomputing covers practical aspects with contributions on advances in hardware and software
development environments for neurocomputing, including, but not restricted to, simulation software
environments, emulation hardware architectures, models of concurrent computation, neurocomputers,
and neurochips (digital, analog, optical, and biodevices).
Neurocomputing reports on applications in different fields, including, but not restricted to, signal
processing, speech processing, image processing, computer vision, control, robotics, optimization,
scheduling, resource allocation and financial forecasting.
Types of publications:
Neurocomputing publishes reviews of literature about neurocomputing and affine fields.
Neurocomputing reports on meetings, including, but not restricted to, conferences, workshops and
seminars.
Neurocomputing Letters allow for the rapid publication of special short communications.
NEW! The Neurocomputing Software Track
Neurocomputing Software Track publishes a new format, the Original Software Publication (OSP) to
disseminate exiting and useful software in the areas of neural networks and learning systems,
including, but not restricted to, architectures, learning methods, analysis of network dynamics,
theories of learning, self-organization, biological neural network modelling, sensorimotor
transformations and interdisciplinary topics with artificial intelligence, artificial life,
cognitive science, computational learning theory, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, information
theory, machine learning, neurobiology and pattern recognition. We encourage high-quality original
software submissions which contain non-trivial contributions in the above areas related to the
implementations of algorithms, toolboxes, and real systems. The software must adhere to a recognized
legal license, such as OSI approved licenses.
Importantly, the software will be a full peer reviewed publication that is able to capture your
software updates once they are released. To fully acknowledge the author's/developers work your
software will be fully citable as an Original Software Publication, archived and indexed and
available as a complete online "body of work" for other researchers and practitioners to discover.
8)
Elsevier
Neurocomputing
http://bit.ly/1PLDlhq
Neurocomputing

publishes

articles

describing

recent

fundamental

contributions

in

the

field

of

neurocomputing. Neurocomputing theory, practice and applications are the essential topics being
covered.
NEW! Neurocomputing's Software Track allows you to expose your complete Software work to the
community through a novel Publication format: the Original Software Publication
Overview:
Neurocomputing welcomes theoretical contributions aimed at winning further understanding of neural
networks and learning systems, including, but not restricted to, architectures, learning methods,
analysis of network dynamics, theories of learning, self-organization, biological neural network
modelling, sensorimotor transformations and interdisciplinary topics with artificial intelligence,
artificial life, cognitive science, computational learning theory, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms,
information theory, machine learning, neurobiology and pattern recognition.

9)
AnKa Publisher
Neuroquantology
http://bit.ly/21BtT8t
NeuroQuantology is a quarterly peer-reviewed interdisciplinary scientific journal that covers the
intersection of neuroscience and quantum mechanics.

10)
Springer Link
Psychopharmacology
http://bit.ly/2e4JOvD
Psychopharmacology is an international journal that covers the broad topic of elucidating mechanisms
by which drugs affect behaviour. The scope of the journal encompasses the following fields:
Human Psychopharmacology: Experimental
This section includes manuscripts describing the effects of drugs on mood, behaviour, cognition and
physiology in humans.

The journal encourages submissions that involve brain imaging, genetics,

neuroendocrinology, and developmental topics.

Usually manuscripts in this section describe studies

conducted under controlled conditions, but occasionally descriptive or observational studies are
also considered.
Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Translational
This section comprises studies addressing the broad intersection of drugs and psychiatric illness.
This includes not only clinical trials and studies of drug usage and metabolism, drug surveillance,
and pharmacoepidemiology, but also work utilising the entire range of clinically relevant
methodologies, including neuroimaging, pharmacogenetics, cognitive science, biomarkers, and others.
Work directed toward the translation of preclinical to clinical knowledge is especially encouraged.
The key feature of submissions to this section is that they involve a focus on clinical aspects.
Preclinical psychopharmacology: Behavioural and Neural
This section considers reports on the effects of compounds with defined chemical structures on any
aspect of behaviour, in particular when correlated with neurochemical effects, in species other than
humans. Manuscripts containing neuroscientific techniques in combination with behaviour are welcome.
We encourage reports of studies that provide insight into the mechanisms of drug action, at the
behavioural and molecular levels.
Preclinical Psychopharmacology: Translational
This section considers manuscripts that enhance the confidence in a central mechanism that could be
of therapeutic value for psychiatric or neurological patients, using disease-relevant preclinical
models and tests, or that report on preclinical manipulations and challenges that have the potential
to be translated to the clinic. Studies aiming at the refinement of preclinical models based upon
clinical findings (back-translation) will also be considered. The journal particularly encourages
submissions that integrate measures of target tissue exposure, activity on the molecular target and/
or modulation of the targeted biochemical pathways.
Preclinical Psychopharmacology: Molecular, Genetic and Epigenetic
This section focuses on the molecular and cellular actions of neuropharmacological agents / drugs,
and the identification / validation of drug targets affecting the CNS in health and disease. We
particularly encourage studies that provide insight into the mechanisms of drug action at the
molecular level. Manuscripts containing evidence for genetic or epigenetic effects on neurochemistry
or behaviour are welcome.
The journal welcomes submissions in all of these fields.

PEOPLE:
1)