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Engineering Mechanics LAB

Assignment # 01

GEARS

Name: Syed Abdullah Ahmed


Class: F.E sec “A” Roll#: EE-058

The Gear
A gear is a modification of the wheel and axle. It just has teeth around it. Like
all simple machines, gears may change the direction in which a force is applied; or increase
or reduce a force or the distance over which a force is applied.

The Gear Train


Gears work in teams. Two gears working together is called a gear train. The gear on
the train to which the force is first applied is called the driver. The final gear on the train to
which the force is first applied is called the driven gear. Any gears between the driver and the
driven gears are called the idlers.

Meshed Gears
The diagram below shows five meshed gears. The first gear that the force is applied is
called the driver gear. Notice that the arrows show how the gears are turning. Every
other gear is turning clockwise. The very last gear is the driven gear. All of the gears
inbetween are called idlers.
Spur Gear
When two spur gears of different sizes meshtogether, the
larger gear is called a wheel, and the smaller gear is called
a pinion. In a simple gear train of two spur gears, the input
motion and force are applied to the driver gear. The output
motion and force are transmitted by thedriven gear. The driver
gear rotates the driven gear without slipping

Bevel Gears
Bevel gears have teeth cut on a cone instead of a cylinder blank.
They are used in pairs to transmit rotary motion and torque where the
bevel gear shafts are at right angles(90 degrees) to each other.

Worm and Wormwheel


A gear which has one toothe is called a worm. The tooth is in the form
of a screw thread. A wormwheelmeshes with the worm. The wormwheel is
a helical gear with teeth inclined so that they can engage with the thread-like
worm. The wormwheel transmitstorque and rotary motion through a right
angle. The worm always drives the wormwheel and never the other way round.
Worm mechanisms are very quiet running.

Rack and Pinion


A rack and pinion mechanism is used to transformrotary
motion into linear motion and vice versa. A round spur gear, the pinion,
meshes with a spur gear which has teeth set in a straight line, the rack.

Internal Gear
Internal gears have better load-carrying capacity than external spur gears. They are
safer in use because the teeth are guarded.