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You are on page 1of 26

IIT 2011

PT3/CMP/P(II)/SOLNS

FOR OUR STUDENTS

TOWARDS

PAPER II SOLUTIONS

CHEMISTRY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS

PART A: CHEMISTRY

SECTION I

1. (B) Solubilities of carbonates decrease down in magnesium group due to decrease

in hydration energies.

2. (C) Fe(OH)3 is insoluble in KOH solution. All other hydroxides are amphoteric in

nature and dissolve in KOH solution.

3. (C) All isoelectronic anions belong to the same period and cations to the next

period.

4. (C) The correct arrangement of groups in the decreasing order of inductive effect

( I effect)

NO2 > SO3 H > F > NH2

III

II

IV

5. (C) Secondary carbonium ion is more stable than primary carbonium ion. The

delocalisation.

6. (C)

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

34

SECTION II

7. (2) C6H5 CHCl CHCl CHCl CHCl C6H5

No. of asymmetric carbon atom (n) = 4

The molecule has even number of n and can be divided into two halves. Hence

n / 2 ) 1

4 / 2 1

no. of meso forms (m) = 2(

= 2( ) = 21 = 2

C6 H5

Cl

Cl Cl Cl

C6 H5 and C6 H5

Cl Cl H

Cl H

Cl

C6 H5

8. (8) HO CH2 (CHOH)3 CH3 is not symmetric and has three asymmetric

3

9. (4) C2H5 CH = CH CH = CH COOH

Ends of the molecule are different.

No. of double bonds = n = 2

n

No. of isomers = 2 = 2 = 4

10. (3) Ti, Zr and Th are purified by van Arkel Method.

11. (2) CaCO3 CaO + CO2 (Calcination)

Al2O3 2H2O Al2O3 + 2H2O (Calcination)

2 ZnS + 3 O2 2 ZnO + 2 SO2 (Roasting)

ZnS + 2 O2 ZnSO4

(Roasting)

SECTION III

12. (B) Alkali metal dissolves in liquid ammonia giving blue solution. This colour is

due to the presence of ammoniated electrons.

13. (D) Since lattice energy (endothermic) is smaller and hydration energy

(exothermic) is higher for BeSO4, it is more soluble than BaSO4 which is

practically insoluble.

14. (D) Cs2O, Na2O, MgO and BaO are basic oxides. But BeO and Al2O3 are

amphoteric.

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

35

CH3

15. (B)

CH3

CH3

with multiple bond and -carbon should have at least one acidic hydrogen.

OH

16. (C)

O

OH

O

O

OH

HO

OH

17. (C) In polar protic solvents, the keto form is stabilized by hydrogen bond. So enol

content is less in H2O, CH3COOH and aqueous HCl. But in non polar nhexane solvent, tautomerism causes higher enol content.

SECTION IV

18. (A) (q), (s), (t); (B) (p), (r); (C) (q), (r), (t); (D) (q), (s), (t)

19. (A) (q), (s), (t); (B) (r), (s), (t); (C) (t); (D) (p), (r), (s)

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

36

PART B: MATHEMATICS

SECTION I

3 + 12

20. (D) Any point on the given line can be taken as ,

Then, the equation of the chord of contact of tangents from this point to

(3 + 12)

2

2

x + y = 4 is x + y

4 = 0

4

i.e., x + y + (3y 4) = 0

4

For different values of , the above passes through 1, which is the point

3

3

of intersection of x + y = 0 and 3y 4 = 0

4

3

4

4

x(1) + y = (1)2 +

3

3

3

4

Given

( x1 2 )2 + y12

( x1 + 2 )2 + y12

1

9

2

2

i.e., x + y 5x + 4 = 0

This is the equation of the circumcircle of ABC

circum radius =

25

3

4 =

4

2

Equation to PQ is 2x + y(t1 + t2) = 2t1t2

Identifying with x + my = 1

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

37

We get, t1 + t2 =

2m

1

and t1 t 2 =

1

2

R is , and T is

2

t

t1

1

1

2

2 , [ PSR and QST are focal chords]

t

t 2

2

1

1

2

t

t1

2t t

Slope of RT = 2

= 1 2

1

1

t1 + t 2

t12 t 22

1

2

= 1

=

2m

m

23. (C) To get the locus, we have to eliminate k from the given two equations.

From the first equation, k =

xy 2

4 2

2

4 2

x+y 2

Equating k, we get x 2y = 32

x2 y 2

= 1 , which is a hyperbola.

32 16

2

Whose radius is 4.

24. (B) Since the eccentric angles of P and Q differ by a right angle, we can take P as

(a cos , b sin ) and Q as ( a sin , b cos )

Slope of CP =

b sin

a cos

Slope of CQ =

b cos

a sin

Q = tan

b sin b cos

+

1

a cos a sin = tan 1 2ab

2

2

2 sin 2

b sin cos

a b

1 2

a cos sin

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

38

i.e., if 2 =

to the ellipse is

6

x 3 y1

+

=1

a 2

b2

(1)

2

x +y a =0

(2)

help of (1)

Required equation is

2

3x y

x2 + y 2 a 2

+

=0

2a 2b

2

coefficient of x + coefficient of y = 0

3

a2

+ 1

=0

4

4b2

5 a2

=0

4 4b 2

2

5b a = 0

5b = a

2

5a (1 e ) = a

2

1e =

1

5

e = 1

e=

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

1 4

=

5 5

2

5

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

39

SECTION II

26. (6) Let C be the centre of the circle.

AB and AB =

1

t2

1

r2

A

t

1

9

1

t2 1

1+

=

t 2

r2 9

1

t

t sin

(1 + cot2 ) = 19

1

[from PAC]

1

t sin = 3

9

2

sin =

t

= t sin = 3

2

=6

27. (2) Assuming the standard equations for both the ellipse and hyperbola.

a2 is the length of semi-transverse axis of the hyperbola.

According to the data a1e1 = a2 e2 (each = k say)

)

[ conjugate axis and minor axis are the same]

a12 a12 e12 = a12 e12 a22

a12 + a22 = 2a12 e12

a12 + a 22

= a12 e12

2

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

40

k2

e12

k2

e22

1

e12

= k2

1

e22

=2

P(2, 6)

Equation of major axis is x = 2.

A(2, 5)

P(2, 6) is outside the ellipse

4

(2, 1)

M = PA + AA

4

=1+24=9

m = PA = 1

A (2, 3)

M 2m = 9 2 = 7

x=2

q=p

2

p

p + 2 + pq = 0

Now POQ = 90

(1)

4p 4q

= 1

2p2 2q 2

pq = 4

(1) becomes p = 2

2

The abscissae of P is 2p = 4

30. (8) Any point on the first hyperbola is (2 sec , tan )

Equation of the chord of contact of tangents from this point to the second

x sec y tan

hyperbola is

=1

4

2

1

Both the hyperbolas have the same asymptotes whose equations are y = x

2

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

41

4

2

,

4

2

R

,

Area of OQR =

1 8 8

=8

2 1 1

SECTION III

2

3

'

y + xt = 2t + t

t 't

Ta

ng

en

ta

'

t1 + t2 + t3 = 0

t

t' 2

real roots t1, t2, t3

ta

en

ng

t 13t 12 = 0

Ta

t1t2 = 13

t1t2t3 = 12

A is [t1t2, t1 + t2]

B is [t2t3, t2 + t3]

C is [t3t1, t1 + t3]

equation to the altitude through A is

y ( t1 + t 2 ) = t3 {x t1 t 2 }

Similarly, another altitude is

y ( t 2 + t3 ) = t1 {x t 2 t3 }

Solving, we get the orthocentre of ABC is [ 1, t1 t 2 t3 + t1 + t 2 + t3 ]

( 1, 12)

32. (A) Refer to the solution of 31

t t + t 2 t3 + t3 t1 2 ( t1 + t 2 + t3 )

Centroid of ABC = 1 2

,

3

3

13

= , 0

3

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

42

2

13

16

1 + 3 = 3

required distance =

33. (C) If S, G, H are the circumcentre, centroid and orthocentre, of a triangle, then S,

G, H are collinear and SG : GH = 1 : 2

Let S be ( x1 , y1 )

1: 2

G

S

13

( x1 , y1 )

, 0

3

H

(1, 12)

1 + 2x1

12 + 2y1

13

and

=0

=

3

3

3

x1 = 6 and y1 = 6 S is ( 6, 6)

required distance =

36 + 36 = 6 2

34. (B) If OP makes an angle with the x-axis, then OQ makes an angle 90 + with

the x-axis.

They are points on the ellipse.

OP 2 cos2 OP 2 sin 2

+

=

1

and

+

=1

16

16

b2

b2

1

OP

i.e.,

1

OQ

1

1

+

16 b 2

25

1

1

=

+

b2 = 9

144 16 b 2

y = mx + 16m 2 + b 2

2

" 12

"

= r 2 p2 , where r is the radius of the circle, p is the length of the

4

perpendicular from the centre on the line.

Now

= 16

(16m2 + b2 ) = 16 b2

1 + m2

1 + m2

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

43

Similarly,

22 16 b2

=

1

4

1+

m2

2 2

1 + 2 = 16 b 2

4

4

2

48 = 4(16 b ) b = 4

Eccentricity e is given by

e2 =

16 4 12

=

16

16

e=

3

2

Equation to 2

2

nd

(0, 9)

(0, 3)

x

y

as

+

=1

36 b 2

(4, 3)

(4, 0)

O

the above

(6, 0)

16

9

81

+

= 1 b2 =

2

5

36 b

equation to the 2nd ellipse is

x2 5y 2

+

=1

36 81

SECTION IV

37. (A) (s); (B) (p); (C) (q); (D) (t)

x = 1

2

(x + 1) = 4(y 4)

Latus rectum = 4

Focus S is {1, 4 + 1} = (1, 5)

An end of the latus rectum L is

{1 2, 5} = (3, 5)

V

(1, 4)

y=4

2

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

44

(x 1)2 (y 1)2

+

=1

16

7

It is an ellipse with centre (1, 1)

(C) The given equation can be written as

2

x + y 1

2

2

= 9 (x 1) + (y 2)

2

focus is (1, 2)

(D) The given equation is hyperbola with centre (2, 2)

9+7

Eccentricity is given by e2 =

9

e=

4

3

ae = 3

4

=4

3

Focus is {2 + 4, 2} = (6, 2)

38. (A) (r), (t); (B) (s); (C) (q); (D) (p)

(A) The centres of the circles are (6, 4) and ( 2, 2). Radii are (5, 5)

The distance between their centres = Sum of the radii

the two circles touch externally

( x2 + y2 12x 8y + 27 ) ( x2 + y2 + 4x + 4y 17) = 0

i.e., 4x + 3y 11 = 0

Slope of the line of centres =

3

4

Let the equation be y =

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

3

x+c

4

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

45

i.e.,

3

6 c

4

=5

9

1+

16

c=

23

27

or c =

4

4

3x 4y + 23 = 0, 3x 4y 27 = 0

(B) T = S1

required equation of the chord is

y 2 8(x + 4) = 4 64

i.e., 4x y 14 = 0

(C) The equation to any tangent to the given ellipse is

y = mx + 16m 2 + 9

It passes through ( 4, 1)

2

(4m + 1) = 16m + 9

m=1

the equation of the required tangent is y = x +

16 + 9

i.e., x y + 5 = 0

(D) Let the equation of the other asymptote be x y + k = 0 [ in a R.H

asymptotes are perpendicular]

Centre is the point of intersection of the two asymptotes.

3 k 3 + k

Solving we find the centre is

,

2

2

It lies on y = 4x

k=

9

5

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

46

PART C: PHYSICS

SECTION I

39. (C) Let A be the area of cross-section, L the length of the ring (ACB + ADB) and

K, K the thermal conductivities before and after replacement of ADB

respectively.

Now,

ACB 270

=

=3

ADB

90

ACB =

3

1

L, ADB = L

4

4

4 16 KA

Q

4

Thermal current,

= KA ( T1 T2 ) 3L + L = 3 L ( T1 T2 )

Q

4K 4K 4A

After replacing, 2

= A ( T1 T2 ) 3L + L = 3L ( T1 T2 )( K + 3K )

t

32 KA

4A

( T1 T2 ) = ( T1 T2 )( K + 3K )

3 L

3L

(i.e.,) 8K = K + 3K

or K =

7

K

3

40. (A) When the test particle is at P, distance x from the mid-point of AB, the line

joining two masses,

Force due to A : F A =

Force due to B : F B =

GmM

PA,

PA 2

GmM

PB,

PB2

O 2m

and PB

being unit vectors.

PA

given by

=

2G 2 m 2 M2

(1 + x )

2 2

[1 cos 2] ,

GmM

FA = FB =

(1 + x2 )

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

47

4G 2 m 2 M2

(1 + x )

2 2

4G 2 m 2 M2

sin 2

x2

(1 + x ) (1 + x 2 )

2 2

4G 2 m 2 M2 x 2

(1 + x 2 )

( )

d

F2 = 0

dx

2x

6x3

= 4G m M

3

4

1 + x2

1 + x2

d2

dx

x 1 2x 2

8G 2 m 2 M2 x

1 + x2 3x 2 = 8G 2 m 2 M2

4

4

1 + x2

1 + x2

at x = 0, x =

Since,

) (

1

2

( F2 ) < 0

for x =

1

2

1

2

m.

By the conservation of mechanical energy, Ki + Ui = Kf + Uf

Now, Ki = 0 and U i =

GM2

,d=2m

d

Kf =

1

2GmM GM2

mu 2 , U f =

2

d

1 + x2

Kf =

1

2GmM

mu 2 = U i U f =

2

1 + x2

u =

4GM

1 + x2

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

48

At x =

1

2

2

3

m, u2 = 4GM

2

u j 3.3GM

41. (C) Since forces exerted by the tube on the liquid pass through the centre O, the

torque about O is only due to the weight of water and oil, acting vertically

downward. Let V be the volume of water and oil.

oil ()

O

45

O

45

45

45

water

(w )

wVg

Vg

In equilibrium,

0 = w Vgr sin (45 ) Vgr sin (45 + )

= w

sin(45 )

sin(45 + )

cos sin

2

2

= w

cos sin

+

2

2

= w

(1 tan )

tan = w

(1 + tan )

w +

Hence tan varies from 0 to 1 as the density of the oil varies from w to zero.

42. (B) The net force exerted by a liquid on a container is

equal to the weight of the liquid.

Let F be the downward force on the plane surface

and f the lifting force on the cup. Then,

F f = W = mg by symmetry, horizontal forces

cancel.

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

49

2

F = gh r = gh H tan = g hH tan .

h

0

2

W = g tan (H z)2 dz

h3

= g tan 2 H2 h Hh2 +

h3

2

lifting force = F W = g tan hH2 hH2 + Hh2

f = g tan2 h 2 H

3

1

6

= 3.14 1000 10

36 8 10

3

=

( = 30)

3.14 36 8

102

3

2

= 37.68 8 10

f = 30144 10

j3N

Pressure at c = pc = p0 + gh.

Pressure at b = pb = p0.

If vb is the speed of flow of liquid at b, from

Bernoullis equation for stream line flow,

[Taking potential energy zero along cb,

change in level of liquid in the container

negligible]

pc = p0 +

p0

1 2

v b = p0 + gh

2

v b = 2gh

liquid),

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

50

respectively. Since Aa =

pa +

A

Ab

, va = b v b = 2v b .

2

Aa

1 2

1

v a = pb + v2b or pa = pb + gh 4gh

2

2

pa = p0 3gh

(90 )

2 = 1 m

= 0.1 rad

M

Mg

2 kg

2T sin = Mg

sin j =

Mg

, << 1 rad

2T

T

x

Now, Youngs modulus Y =

,

=

=

A

x 1

x

1

2

x

=

. But = cos = 1

+ .....

x

2!

x

Hence,

=

2

2

2! = neglecting higher order terms.

2

2

1 1 +

1

2!

2

Now, T = YA = YA

2

=

Hence, Y =

Mg

2

2 YA

2

Mg

3

3 =

Mg

YA

2g

2 106 10 3

= 109 g Nm 2 .

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

51

SECTION II

M =

M =

C1

4 3 R3

4

7R 3 M

R

=

3

8

3

8 4

R 3

3

/2

M

4

R 3

3

R

C2

7

1

M . Hence matter taken out in forming cavity = M .

8

8

R

radius R with density and that due to a solid sphere of radius

with

2

density .

M

M

8

+

C2

C1 C2

C2

C1

C2 R / 2

R

P

Q R

=

Final potential energy at Q, U f =

=

work done =

2 GM

or u =

3 R

GMm

5 GMm

(6 1) =

12R

12 R

GMm 2GMm

+

R

8R

GMm

3 GMm

(4 1) =

4R

4 R

1

GMm 5 3

mu 2 = U i U f =

+

2

R 12 4

=

Hence u =

GMm GMm 2

+

2R

8 3R

2GM

=

3R

GMm

GMm

(5 + 9) =

12R

3R

nGM

n=2

3R

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

52

3

n2 be the number of moles in large and small

400 cm 3

600 cm3

pressure.

n=

p=

P0 V0

pV1 pV2

= n1 + n2 =

+

(by law of conservation of mass)

RT0

RT1 RT2

P0 V0

V

V

T0 1 + 2

T

1 T2

1 1000

600 400

300

+

400 300

10 12

10

10

= 2

= x

atm

3 34

17

17

x=2

47. (3) FBD of the sphere:

F

FB F

T

T1

T1

M

3

T1

M

3

T

Mg

T = 2T1 = 2

T=

Mg 2

4

= Mg, M = R 3

3

3

3

8

4

R 3g ; FB = Buoyancy force = R 3 g ;

9

3

4

8

4

4

R 3g R 3g R 3 g 6 Rv = R 3a

3

9

3

3

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

53

vt =

=

1 4

2

R 3 g

6R 3

3

2 R2g

> 3

9 3

x=3

5

48. (7) PA = 1 10 Nm , h2 = 3 m.

Patm be the atmospheric pressure at A

and B openings. Applying Bernoullis

theorem for stream line motion,

Patm

h1

h2 = 3 m

1 2

v1 + gh1 , where P1, v1 are

2

pressure and velocity at point C, at a

height h1 below the topmost point on the

PA = P1 +

tube.

Since the tube is of uniform cross-section and the liquid is incompressible,

flow speed at C = flow speed at B i.e., v1 = vB.

From Torricellis theorem between A and B,

vB = 2gh2 = v1

1

P1 = PA 2gh2 gh1

2

= PA g(h1 + h2 )

Now pressure at C should be greater than or equal to zero (for negative

pressure, water could not reach the top).

For maximum h1, P1 should be minimum, equal to zero.

P

1 105

h1 = A h 2 = 3

3 =7 m

g

10 10

49. (2) Initial radius of the planet : M =

4

R 3d, where d is the density of the

3

1/3

M

Initial radius of the planet R =

4 d

1/3

3 3

R1 =

M

4 d 4

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

1/3

3

=

4

R

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

54

1/3

3 1

Radius of the satellite, R2 =

M

4 d 4

1/3

1

=

4

(i.e.,) Ei =

3 GM2

5 R

3

1

M + S.E. of M

4

4

+ Mechanical energy of (planet satellite)

2

1/3

3 3 GM2 4

=

54

R 3

3 1 GM2 1 / 3 G 3M2

4

2

54

R

2 16 3R

energy needed E = Ef Ei

=

3 GM2

5 R

9

1

1 5

1 16 1.1 16 1.6 16 3

3 GM2

5 R

16

2.1 GM2 0.21 GM2

=

16 5 R

80

R

20

R

2

R

=

0.21 GM2

x

R

x=2

SECTION III

50. (A) When C1 is immersed in C2, height of the level of liquid in C2 is h (say)

Before

liquid

0.5 m

= 800 kg- m 3

C2

Area = 6A

0.6 m

water

0.4 m

C1

Area = A

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

55

6A 0.5 = 5A h

h = 0.6 m

After

A

C2

x

C1

liquid (1 )

(0.6 m)

0.6 m

water (2 )

(0.4 m)

P

Let v be the speed with which water comes out from the orifice. Applying

Bernoullis theorem, for stream line flow at A and B,

pA + 0 + (0.6 1 + 0.4 2) g = pB +

1

2

v ,

2 2

pA = p0 (atmospheric pressure)

pB = p0 + 0.6 1g

1

2 v 2 = 0.42 g

2

v2 = 0.8 10 = 8 or v = 2 2 ms1

51. (C) Lex x be the distance through which liquid level in C1 falls. Then, height of

Let y be the height to which liquid in C2 is increased.

Volume of water decreased in C1 = Volume of water increased in C2

Ax = 5A y or x = 5y

Further, pressure at P (in C2) = Pressure at Q (in C1)

p0 + (0.6 800 + y 1000)g = p0 + (0.6 800 + (0.4 x) 1000)g

y = 0.4 x

x = 0.4 y = 0.4

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

x

5

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

56

5x = 2 x

x=

liquid

2

1

= m

6

3

1

in C1 = 0.4 m

3

1.2 1

m

3

0.6 m

(0.6 + y) m

(0.4 x) m

0.2 20

=

=

cm

3

3

water

j 7 cm

52. (C) Pressure exerted at the bottom of C2 in steady state is

y=

x 1

=

m,

5 15

1000

p = p0 + 480 +

10

15

= p0 +

(1440 + 200)

10

3

= p0 +

16400

5

5

5

2

= p0 + 5466.6 = 1 10 + 0.055 10 = 1.06 10 Nm .

3

5

x0

Temperature, T0 = 300 K

3

Volume, V0 = 2.4 10

3

A = 8 10

10 kg

Heater

2

= compression of the spring of constant k

kx0 = mg

k=

0.8 10 10

= 800 Nm 1

0.1

p0 V0 PV

kx

800 0.1

5

2

=

, P = p0 + 0 = 1 105 +

= 1.1 10 Nm

3

T0

T

A

8 10

Brilliant Tutorials Pvt. Ltd.

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

57

V = V0 + Ax0

= 2.4 10

= 3.2 10

+ 8 10

0.1

final temperature, T =

PV

1.1 105 3.2 103

T0 =

300

p0 V0

1 105 2.4 103

= 1.1

4

300 = 440 K

3

x0

F dx

0

x0

(i.e.,) W =

( p0 A + kx ) dx

= p0 Ax0 +

5

1 2

kx0

2

3

= 1 10 8 10

0.1 +

1

2

800 10

2

= 80 + 4

= 84 J

55. (D) Heat supplied Q = U + W

U =

nCv

3R

3

( PV p0 V0 ) =

( PV p0 V0 ) , ( Cv = R, for monoatomic)

nR

2R

2

U =

kx0

3

( V0 + Ax0 ) p0 V0

p0 +

2

A

3

2.4 103 800 0.1

5

3

+ 800 102

1 10 8 10 0.1 +

3

2

8 10

3

3 112

[80 + 24 + 8] =

= 168 J

2

2

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

58

= 168 + 84

= 252 J

SECTION IV

56. (A) (p), (q); (B) (p), (q), (t); (C) (r), (t); (D) (s)

Q = U + W > 0.

(B) B C: Isochoric (V = constant) W = 0, T < 0, U < 0 and Q = U + W < 0.

(C) C D: Isothermal (T = constant) T = 0, U = 0. Since volume is

decreasing, W < 0 and therefore Q < 0.

(D) D A: Adiabatic Q = 0, W < 0, U > 0, T > 0.

57. (A) (p), (q), (r); (B) (p), (q), (t); (C) (p), (q), (t); (D) (p), (q), (s), (t)

(A)

U=

GMm

1

, K = mv2 ,

R

2

E < 0, K 0

(B) SHM: E =

Kmax =

v<

GM

7.7 kms 1

R

2GM

1

GMm

2

2

v << R , K = 2 mv << R

2

GMm

r2 1 dr

3 2 + m

2R

R 2 dt

GMm

3 GMm GMm

GMm

at r = 0, E =

+

=

2R

2 R

2R

R

1

E = K, U = 2K E < 0, U < 0, K 0

(D) v = vE E = 0, U < 0, K 0

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

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