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33

IIT 2011
PT3/CMP/P(II)/SOLNS

B.MAT PART TEST 3


FOR OUR STUDENTS
TOWARDS

IIT--JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, 2011


PAPER II SOLUTIONS
CHEMISTRY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS
PART A: CHEMISTRY
SECTION I
1. (B) Solubilities of carbonates decrease down in magnesium group due to decrease
in hydration energies.
2. (C) Fe(OH)3 is insoluble in KOH solution. All other hydroxides are amphoteric in
nature and dissolve in KOH solution.
3. (C) All isoelectronic anions belong to the same period and cations to the next
period.
4. (C) The correct arrangement of groups in the decreasing order of inductive effect
( I effect)
NO2 > SO3 H > F > NH2

III

II

IV

5. (C) Secondary carbonium ion is more stable than primary carbonium ion. The

secondary carbonium ion C6 H5 CH CH = CH2 is further stabilized by


delocalisation.

6. (C)

is antiaromatic (4n Rule) and paramagnetic.

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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

34

SECTION II
7. (2) C6H5 CHCl CHCl CHCl CHCl C6H5
No. of asymmetric carbon atom (n) = 4
The molecule has even number of n and can be divided into two halves. Hence
n / 2 ) 1
4 / 2 1
no. of meso forms (m) = 2(
= 2( ) = 21 = 2

The structures are

C6 H5

Cl

Cl Cl Cl

C6 H5 and C6 H5

Cl Cl H

Cl H

Cl

C6 H5

8. (8) HO CH2 (CHOH)3 CH3 is not symmetric and has three asymmetric
3

carbon atoms. Hence no. of optically active isomers = 2 = 8.


9. (4) C2H5 CH = CH CH = CH COOH
Ends of the molecule are different.
No. of double bonds = n = 2
n

No. of isomers = 2 = 2 = 4
10. (3) Ti, Zr and Th are purified by van Arkel Method.
11. (2) CaCO3 CaO + CO2 (Calcination)
Al2O3 2H2O Al2O3 + 2H2O (Calcination)
2 ZnS + 3 O2 2 ZnO + 2 SO2 (Roasting)
ZnS + 2 O2 ZnSO4

(Roasting)

8 Al + 3 Mn3O4 4 Al2O3 + 9 Mn (Reduction in Thermic process)


SECTION III
12. (B) Alkali metal dissolves in liquid ammonia giving blue solution. This colour is
due to the presence of ammoniated electrons.
13. (D) Since lattice energy (endothermic) is smaller and hydration energy
(exothermic) is higher for BeSO4, it is more soluble than BaSO4 which is
practically insoluble.
14. (D) Cs2O, Na2O, MgO and BaO are basic oxides. But BeO and Al2O3 are
amphoteric.
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35

CH3

15. (B)

CH3

NO does not exhibit tautomerism.

CH3

For tautomerism, the compound should have electronegative atom bonded


with multiple bond and -carbon should have at least one acidic hydrogen.
OH






16. (C)
O

OH

will not exhibit tautomerism.

O
O

OH






HO

OH

Because of aromaticity this compound mainly exists in enol form.


17. (C) In polar protic solvents, the keto form is stabilized by hydrogen bond. So enol
content is less in H2O, CH3COOH and aqueous HCl. But in non polar nhexane solvent, tautomerism causes higher enol content.
SECTION IV
18. (A) (q), (s), (t); (B) (p), (r); (C) (q), (r), (t); (D) (q), (s), (t)
19. (A) (q), (s), (t); (B) (r), (s), (t); (C) (t); (D) (p), (r), (s)

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36

PART B: MATHEMATICS
SECTION I

3 + 12
20. (D) Any point on the given line can be taken as ,

Then, the equation of the chord of contact of tangents from this point to
(3 + 12)
2
2
x + y = 4 is x + y
4 = 0
4

i.e., x + y + (3y 4) = 0
4

For different values of , the above passes through 1, which is the point
3

3
of intersection of x + y = 0 and 3y 4 = 0
4

Now, the equation of the chord of the circle with 1, as mid-point is


3

4
4
x(1) + y = (1)2 +
3

3

i.e., 9x 12y = 25 whose slope is

3
4

21. (C) Take any one of the points as ( x1 , y1 )


Given

( x1 2 )2 + y12
( x1 + 2 )2 + y12

1
9

8x12 + 8y12 40x1 + 32 = 0


2

Locus of (x1, y1) is 8x + 8y 40x + 32 = 0


2

i.e., x + y 5x + 4 = 0
This is the equation of the circumcircle of ABC
circum radius =

25
3
4 =
4
2

22. (A) Taking P and Q as t1 and t2 respectively.


Equation to PQ is 2x + y(t1 + t2) = 2t1t2
Identifying with x + my = 1
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We get, t1 + t2 =

2m
1
and t1 t 2 =



1
2
R is , and T is
2
t
t1
1

1
2
2 , [ PSR and QST are focal chords]
t
t 2
2

1
1
2
t
t1
2t t
Slope of RT = 2
= 1 2
1
1
t1 + t 2

t12 t 22
1
2
 = 1
=
2m
m


23. (C) To get the locus, we have to eliminate k from the given two equations.
From the first equation, k =

xy 2
4 2

From the second equation, k =


2

4 2
x+y 2

Equating k, we get x 2y = 32

x2 y 2

= 1 , which is a hyperbola.
32 16
2

Whose director circle is x + y = 32 16 = 16.


Whose radius is 4.
24. (B) Since the eccentric angles of P and Q differ by a right angle, we can take P as
(a cos , b sin ) and Q as ( a sin , b cos )
Slope of CP =

b sin
a cos

Slope of CQ =

b cos
a sin

If Q is the angle between CP and CQ

Q = tan

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b sin b cos
+
1
a cos a sin = tan 1 2ab
2
2
2 sin 2
b sin cos
a b
1 2
a cos sin
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

38

Q is minimum, if sin 2 is maximum.


i.e., if 2 =

25. (D) The equation to the tangent at =

to the ellipse is
6

x 3 y1
+
=1
a 2
b2

(1)

Equation to the auxiliary circle is


2

x +y a =0

(2)

Combined equation of CP and CQ can be got by homogenising (2) with the


help of (1)
Required equation is
2

3x y
x2 + y 2 a 2
+
=0
2a 2b

Given PCQ = 90


2

coefficient of x + coefficient of y = 0

3
a2
+ 1
=0
4
4b2

5 a2

=0
4 4b 2
2

5b a = 0
5b = a
2

5a (1 e ) = a
2

1e =

1
5

e = 1
e=
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1 4
=
5 5

2
5
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

39

SECTION II
26. (6) Let C be the centre of the circle.

Let CPA = and M be the mid-point of


AB and AB = 

1
t2

1
r2

A
t

1
9

1
t2 1
1+

=
t 2
r2 9
1
t

t sin

(1 + cot2 ) = 19
1

[from PAC]

1
t sin = 3
9

In right-angled triangle, PAM


2
sin =
t

= t sin = 3
2
=6
27. (2) Assuming the standard equations for both the ellipse and hyperbola.

a1 is the length of the semimajor axis of the ellipse


a2 is the length of semi-transverse axis of the hyperbola.
According to the data a1e1 = a2 e2 (each = k say)

Further, a12 1 e12 = a 22 e22 1

)
[ conjugate axis and minor axis are the same]

a12 a12 e12 = a 22 e22 a22


a12 a12 e12 = a12 e12 a22
a12 + a22 = 2a12 e12
a12 + a 22
= a12 e12
2
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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

40

k2
e12

k2

e22

1
e12

= k2
1
e22

=2
P(2, 6)

28. (7) Centre is (2, 1). Length of semimajor axis = 4.


Equation of major axis is x = 2.

A(2, 5)

Ends of the major axis A (2, 5), A (2, 3)


P(2, 6) is outside the ellipse

4
(2, 1)

M = PA + AA
4

=1+24=9
m = PA = 1

A (2, 3)

M 2m = 9 2 = 7

x=2

29. (4) P is (2p , 4p) and Q is (2q , 4q)

Since the normal at P meets again at Q.


q=p

2
p

p + 2 + pq = 0
Now POQ = 90

(1)

4p 4q

= 1
2p2 2q 2
pq = 4

(1) becomes p = 2
2

The abscissae of P is 2p = 4
30. (8) Any point on the first hyperbola is (2 sec , tan )

Equation of the chord of contact of tangents from this point to the second
x sec y tan
hyperbola is

=1
4
2

1
Both the hyperbolas have the same asymptotes whose equations are y = x
2
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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

41

4
2

Solving, we get the points Q


,

sec tan sec tan


4
2

R
,

sec + tan sec + tan


Area of OQR =

1 8 8
=8

2 1 1
SECTION III
2

31. (C) The equation to the normal at t to y = 4x is


3

'

y + xt = 2t + t

t 't
Ta
ng
en
ta

'

t1 + t2 + t3 = 0

t
t' 2

This is a 3rd degree equation in t giving 3


real roots t1, t2, t3

ta
en
ng

t 13t 12 = 0

Ta

It passes through (15, 12)

Tangent at ' t3 '

t1t2 = 13
t1t2t3 = 12
A is [t1t2, t1 + t2]
B is [t2t3, t2 + t3]
C is [t3t1, t1 + t3]
equation to the altitude through A is

y ( t1 + t 2 ) = t3 {x t1 t 2 }
Similarly, another altitude is

y ( t 2 + t3 ) = t1 {x t 2 t3 }
Solving, we get the orthocentre of ABC is [ 1, t1 t 2 t3 + t1 + t 2 + t3 ]
( 1, 12)
32. (A) Refer to the solution of 31

t t + t 2 t3 + t3 t1 2 ( t1 + t 2 + t3 )
Centroid of ABC = 1 2
,

3
3

13
= , 0
3

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42

Focus of the parabola = (1, 0)


2

13
16

1 + 3 = 3

required distance =

33. (C) If S, G, H are the circumcentre, centroid and orthocentre, of a triangle, then S,
G, H are collinear and SG : GH = 1 : 2

Let S be ( x1 , y1 )
1: 2
G
S
13

( x1 , y1 )
, 0
3

H
(1, 12)

1 + 2x1
12 + 2y1
13
and
=0
=
3
3
3

x1 = 6 and y1 = 6 S is ( 6, 6)

required distance =

36 + 36 = 6 2

34. (B) If OP makes an angle with the x-axis, then OQ makes an angle 90 + with
the x-axis.

P is (OP cos , OP sin ), Q is ( OQ sin , OQ cos )


They are points on the ellipse.

OQ2 sin 2 OQ 2 cos2


OP 2 cos2 OP 2 sin 2
+
=
1
and
+
=1
16
16
b2
b2
1

OP
i.e.,

1
OQ

1
1
+
16 b 2

25
1
1
=
+
b2 = 9
144 16 b 2

35. (A) The equation of any tangent to the ellipse is

y = mx + 16m 2 + b 2
2

The equation of the auxiliary circle is x + y = 16

" 12

"
= r 2 p2 , where r is the radius of the circle, p is the length of the
4
perpendicular from the centre on the line.

Now

= 16

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(16m2 + b2 ) = 16 b2
1 + m2

1 + m2

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

43

Similarly,

22 16 b2
=
1
4
1+
m2

2 2
1 + 2 = 16 b 2
4
4
2

48 = 4(16 b ) b = 4
Eccentricity e is given by

e2 =

16 4 12
=
16
16

e=

3
2

36. (C) (6, 0) is a point on the 2nd ellipse

Equation to 2
2

nd

(0, 9)

ellipse can be written

(0, 3)

x
y
as
+
=1
36 b 2

(4, 3)

(4, 0)
O

But corner point (4, 3) is a point on


the above

(6, 0)

16
9
81
+
= 1 b2 =
2
5
36 b
equation to the 2nd ellipse is

x2 5y 2
+
=1
36 81
SECTION IV
37. (A) (s); (B) (p); (C) (q); (D) (t)

x = 1

(A) The given equation is


2

(x + 1) = 4(y 4)

It is a parabola with vertex ( 1, 4)


Latus rectum = 4
Focus S is {1, 4 + 1} = (1, 5)
An end of the latus rectum L is
{1 2, 5} = (3, 5)

V
(1, 4)

y=4

(B) The given equation is


2

7(x 1) + 16(y 1) = 112


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44

(x 1)2 (y 1)2
+
=1
16
7
It is an ellipse with centre (1, 1)
(C) The given equation can be written as
2

x + y 1
2
2

= 9 (x 1) + (y 2)
2

which is the focus directrix form of a hyperbola because 9 > 1


focus is (1, 2)
(D) The given equation is hyperbola with centre (2, 2)

9+7
Eccentricity is given by e2 =
9
e=

4
3

ae = 3

4
=4
3

focus is on the line y = 2


Focus is {2 + 4, 2} = (6, 2)
38. (A) (r), (t); (B) (s); (C) (q); (D) (p)

(A) The centres of the circles are (6, 4) and ( 2, 2). Radii are (5, 5)
The distance between their centres = Sum of the radii
the two circles touch externally

The equation of one of the common tangents is

( x2 + y2 12x 8y + 27 ) ( x2 + y2 + 4x + 4y 17) = 0
i.e., 4x + 3y 11 = 0
Slope of the line of centres =

3
4

Other common tangents are parallel to the line of centres


Let the equation be y =
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3
x+c
4
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

45

Length of the perpendicular from the centre = radius

i.e.,

3
6 c
4
=5
9
1+
16

c=

23
27
or c =
4
4

equations to the two common tangents are


3x 4y + 23 = 0, 3x 4y 27 = 0
(B) T = S1
required equation of the chord is
y 2 8(x + 4) = 4 64
i.e., 4x y 14 = 0
(C) The equation to any tangent to the given ellipse is

y = mx + 16m 2 + 9
It passes through ( 4, 1)
2

(4m + 1) = 16m + 9
m=1

[Note: Another root is . Another tangent is along x + 4 = 0]


the equation of the required tangent is y = x +

16 + 9

i.e., x y + 5 = 0
(D) Let the equation of the other asymptote be x y + k = 0 [ in a R.H
asymptotes are perpendicular]
Centre is the point of intersection of the two asymptotes.

3 k 3 + k
Solving we find the centre is
,
2
2
It lies on y = 4x
k=

9
5

equation of other asymptote is 5x 5y 9 = 0.

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46

PART C: PHYSICS
SECTION I
39. (C) Let A be the area of cross-section, L the length of the ring (ACB + ADB) and
K, K the thermal conductivities before and after replacement of ADB
respectively.

Now,

ACB 270
=
=3
ADB
90

ACB =

3
1
L, ADB = L
4
4

4 16 KA
Q
4
Thermal current,
= KA ( T1 T2 ) 3L + L = 3 L ( T1 T2 )

Q
4K 4K 4A
After replacing, 2
= A ( T1 T2 ) 3L + L = 3L ( T1 T2 )( K + 3K )
t

32 KA
4A
( T1 T2 ) = ( T1 T2 )( K + 3K )
3 L
3L
(i.e.,) 8K = K + 3K
or K =

7
K
3

40. (A) When the test particle is at P, distance x from the mid-point of AB, the line
joining two masses,

Force due to A : F A =

Force due to B : F B =

GmM 
PA,
PA 2

GmM 
PB,
PB2

O 2m

 and PB
 being unit vectors.
PA

The magnitude of the resultant force F is


given by

F 2 = FA2 + FB2 + 2FA FB cos(180 2),


=

2G 2 m 2 M2

(1 + x )

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2 2

[1 cos 2] ,

GmM
FA = FB =

(1 + x2 )

IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

47

4G 2 m 2 M2

(1 + x )

2 2

4G 2 m 2 M2

sin 2

x2

(1 + x ) (1 + x 2 )
2 2

4G 2 m 2 M2 x 2

(1 + x 2 )

F is maximum or minimum, when

( )

d
F2 = 0
dx

2x
6x3
= 4G m M

3
4
1 + x2
1 + x2

d2
dx

x 1 2x 2
8G 2 m 2 M2 x
1 + x2 3x 2 = 8G 2 m 2 M2
4
4

1 + x2
1 + x2

at x = 0, x =

Since,

) (

1
2

, the force F is an extremum.

( F2 ) < 0

for x =

1
2

and > 0 for x = 0 (F = 0 at O) the particle

experiences maximum force when it is at a distance x =

1
2

m.

At that point, let u be the speed of the particle.


By the conservation of mechanical energy, Ki + Ui = Kf + Uf
Now, Ki = 0 and U i =

GM2
,d=2m
d

Kf =

1
2GmM GM2
mu 2 , U f =

2
d
1 + x2

Kf =

1
2GmM
mu 2 = U i U f =
2
1 + x2

u =

4GM
1 + x2

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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

48

At x =

1
2

2
3

m, u2 = 4GM
2

u j 3.3GM
41. (C) Since forces exerted by the tube on the liquid pass through the centre O, the
torque about O is only due to the weight of water and oil, acting vertically
downward. Let V be the volume of water and oil.

oil ()
O

45
O

45

45

45
water

(w )

wVg

Vg

In equilibrium,
0 = w Vgr sin (45 ) Vgr sin (45 + )

= w

sin(45 )
sin(45 + )

cos sin

2
2

= w
cos sin
+

2
2
= w


(1 tan )
tan = w
(1 + tan )
w +

Hence tan varies from 0 to 1 as the density of the oil varies from w to zero.
42. (B) The net force exerted by a liquid on a container is
equal to the weight of the liquid.

Let F be the downward force on the plane surface

and f the lifting force on the cup. Then,
 

F f = W = mg by symmetry, horizontal forces
cancel.
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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

49
2

F = gh r = gh H tan = g hH tan .
h

And, W = g (H z)2 tan 2 dz

0
2

W = g tan (H z)2 dz

h3
= g tan 2 H2 h Hh2 +

h3
2
lifting force = F W = g tan hH2 hH2 + Hh2

f = g tan2 h 2 H
3

1
6
= 3.14 1000 10
36 8 10
3
=

( = 30)

3.14 36 8
102
3
2

= 37.68 8 10
f = 30144 10

j3N

43. (C) Let c be the point at a depth of h from free surface.

Pressure at c = pc = p0 + gh.
Pressure at b = pb = p0.
If vb is the speed of flow of liquid at b, from
Bernoullis equation for stream line flow,
[Taking potential energy zero along cb,
change in level of liquid in the container
negligible]
pc = p0 +

p0

1 2
v b = p0 + gh
2
v b = 2gh

If va is the speed at a, then from continuity equation (for incompressible


liquid),
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50

Aava = Abvb, Aa and Ab are areas of cross-section at points a and b


respectively. Since Aa =
pa +

A
Ab
, va = b v b = 2v b .
2
Aa

1 2
1
v a = pb + v2b or pa = pb + gh 4gh
2
2
pa = p0 3gh

44. (A) FBD of mass M:

(90 )

2 = 1 m
= 0.1 rad
M

Mg

2 kg

2T sin = Mg
sin j =

Mg
, << 1 rad
2T

T
 x 
Now, Youngs modulus Y =
,
=
=




A


x 1
x

1


2
x

=
. But = cos = 1
+ .....

x
2!

x

Hence,


=


2
2
2! = neglecting higher order terms.
2
2

1 1 +
1

2!

2

Now, T = YA = YA
2

=

Hence, Y =

Mg
2
2 YA
2

Mg
3

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3 =

Mg
YA

2g
2 106 10 3

= 109 g Nm 2 .
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

51

SECTION II

mass of the sphere with cavity

M =

M =

C1

4 3 R3
4
7R 3 M
R
=
3
8
3
8 4
R 3
3

/2

M
4
R 3
3
R

45. (2) Density of the solid =

C2

7
1
M . Hence matter taken out in forming cavity = M .
8
8

Gravitational field at P is the resultant of the field due to solid sphere of


R
radius R with density and that due to a solid sphere of radius
with
2
density .
M

M
8

+
C2

C1 C2

C2

C1

C2 R / 2
R

P
Q R

Initial potential energy at P, U i =

=
Final potential energy at Q, U f =

=
work done =

2 GM
or u =
3 R

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GMm
5 GMm
(6 1) =
12R
12 R
GMm 2GMm
+
R
8R
GMm
3 GMm
(4 1) =
4R
4 R

1
GMm 5 3
mu 2 = U i U f =

+
2
R 12 4
=

Hence u =

GMm GMm 2
+
2R
8 3R

2GM
=
3R

GMm
GMm
(5 + 9) =
12R
3R
nGM
n=2
3R
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

52
3

46. (2) P0 = 1 atm, V0 = 1000 cm , T0 = 300 K.

When larger bulb is kept at 400 K, let n1 and


n2 be the number of moles in large and small

400 cm 3

600 cm3

bulbs respectively and p be the common


pressure.

n=

p=

P0 V0
pV1 pV2
= n1 + n2 =
+
(by law of conservation of mass)
RT0
RT1 RT2
P0 V0

V
V
T0 1 + 2
T
1 T2

1 1000
600 400
300
+

400 300

10 12
10
10
= 2
= x
atm
3 34
17
17

x=2
47. (3) FBD of the sphere:
F

FB F
T

T1

T1

M
3

T1

M
3
T

Mg

T = 2T1 = 2
T=

Mg 2
4
= Mg, M = R 3
3
3
3

8
4
R 3g ; FB = Buoyancy force = R 3 g ;
9
3

F = viscous force = 6Rv (Stokes law)

4
8
4
4
R 3g R 3g R 3 g 6 Rv = R 3a
3
9
3
3

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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

53

The sphere attains uniform velocity (Terminal velocity) vt, if a = 0. Hence

vt =
=

1 4
2

R 3 g
6R 3
3

2 R2g

> 3

9 3

x=3
5

48. (7) PA = 1 10 Nm , h2 = 3 m.

Let be the density of the water and


Patm be the atmospheric pressure at A
and B openings. Applying Bernoullis
theorem for stream line motion,

Patm

h1

h2 = 3 m

1 2
v1 + gh1 , where P1, v1 are
2
pressure and velocity at point C, at a
height h1 below the topmost point on the

PA = P1 +

tube.
Since the tube is of uniform cross-section and the liquid is incompressible,
flow speed at C = flow speed at B i.e., v1 = vB.
From Torricellis theorem between A and B,

vB = 2gh2 = v1
1
P1 = PA 2gh2 gh1
2
= PA g(h1 + h2 )
Now pressure at C should be greater than or equal to zero (for negative
pressure, water could not reach the top).
For maximum h1, P1 should be minimum, equal to zero.
P
1 105
h1 = A h 2 = 3
3 =7 m
g
10 10
49. (2) Initial radius of the planet : M =

4
R 3d, where d is the density of the
3

material of the planet.


1/3

M
Initial radius of the planet R =
4 d

After dislodging 25% of mass, radius of remaining planet


1/3

3 3
R1 =
M
4 d 4
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1/3

3
=
4

R
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

54
1/3

3 1
Radius of the satellite, R2 =
M
4 d 4

1/3

1
=
4

Initial energy of the system = Self energy of the planet


(i.e.,) Ei =

3 GM2
5 R

Final energy, Ef = S.E. of

3
1
M + S.E. of M
4
4
+ Mechanical energy of (planet satellite)
2

1/3

3 3 GM2 4
=
54
R 3

3 1 GM2 1 / 3 G 3M2

4

2
54
R
2 16 3R

energy needed E = Ef Ei
=

3 GM2
5 R

9
1
1 5

1 16 1.1 16 1.6 16 3

3 GM2
5 R

(9.9 + 1.6 + 1.7)

16

2.8 3 GM2 8.4 GM2


2.1 GM2 0.21 GM2

=

16 5 R
80
R
20
R
2
R
=

0.21 GM2

x
R

x=2
SECTION III
50. (A) When C1 is immersed in C2, height of the level of liquid in C2 is h (say)
Before

liquid

0.5 m

= 800 kg- m 3
C2
Area = 6A

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0.6 m

water

0.4 m
C1
Area = A
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

55

6A 0.5 = 5A h
h = 0.6 m
After
A
C2

x
C1
liquid (1 )

(0.6 m)
0.6 m

water (2 )
(0.4 m)
P

Let v be the speed with which water comes out from the orifice. Applying
Bernoullis theorem, for stream line flow at A and B,
pA + 0 + (0.6 1 + 0.4 2) g = pB +

1
2
v ,
2 2

assuming level A is coming down very slowly (area of orifice a << A)


pA = p0 (atmospheric pressure)
pB = p0 + 0.6 1g
1
2 v 2 = 0.42 g
2
v2 = 0.8 10 = 8 or v = 2 2 ms1
51. (C) Lex x be the distance through which liquid level in C1 falls. Then, height of

water column in C1 = (0.4 x) m


Let y be the height to which liquid in C2 is increased.
Volume of water decreased in C1 = Volume of water increased in C2

Ax = 5A y or x = 5y
Further, pressure at P (in C2) = Pressure at Q (in C1)
p0 + (0.6 800 + y 1000)g = p0 + (0.6 800 + (0.4 x) 1000)g
y = 0.4 x
x = 0.4 y = 0.4
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x
5
IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

56

5x = 2 x
x=

liquid

2
1
= m
6
3

length of water column


1

in C1 = 0.4 m
3

1.2 1
m
3

0.6 m
(0.6 + y) m

(0.4 x) m

0.2 20
=
=
cm
3
3
water

j 7 cm
52. (C) Pressure exerted at the bottom of C2 in steady state is

p = p0 + (0.6 800 + y 1000)g


y=

x 1
=
m,
5 15

1000

p = p0 + 480 +
10
15

= p0 +

(1440 + 200)
10
3

= p0 +

16400
5
5
5
2
= p0 + 5466.6 = 1 10 + 0.055 10 = 1.06 10 Nm .
3
5

53. (B) Initial pressure, p0 = 1 10 Nm

x0

Temperature, T0 = 300 K
3

Volume, V0 = 2.4 10
3

A = 8 10

10 kg

Heater
2

When the block is about to move, displacement of the piston


= compression of the spring of constant k
kx0 = mg
k=

0.8 10 10
= 800 Nm 1
0.1

p0 V0 PV
kx
800 0.1
5
2
=
, P = p0 + 0 = 1 105 +
= 1.1 10 Nm

3
T0
T
A
8 10
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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

57

V = V0 + Ax0
= 2.4 10

= 3.2 10

+ 8 10

0.1

final temperature, T =

PV
1.1 105 3.2 103
T0 =
300
p0 V0
1 105 2.4 103

= 1.1

4
300 = 440 K
3

54. (C) Force exerted by the gas on the piston

F = ( p0 A + kx ) , hence work done W =

x0

F dx

0
x0

(i.e.,) W =

( p0 A + kx ) dx

= p0 Ax0 +
5

1 2
kx0
2
3

= 1 10 8 10

0.1 +

1
2
800 10
2

= 80 + 4
= 84 J
55. (D) Heat supplied Q = U + W

U = nCv (T T0), p0V0 = nRT0, PV = nRT


U =

nCv
3R
3
( PV p0 V0 ) =
( PV p0 V0 ) , ( Cv = R, for monoatomic)
nR
2R
2

U =

kx0
3
( V0 + Ax0 ) p0 V0
p0 +

2
A

3
2.4 103 800 0.1
5
3
+ 800 102
1 10 8 10 0.1 +

3
2
8 10

3
3 112
[80 + 24 + 8] =
= 168 J
2
2

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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns

58

Net heat supplied Q = U + W


= 168 + 84
= 252 J
SECTION IV
56. (A) (p), (q); (B) (p), (q), (t); (C) (r), (t); (D) (s)

(A) A B: Isobaric (p = constant) W > 0, T > 0 and hence U > 0 and


Q = U + W > 0.
(B) B C: Isochoric (V = constant) W = 0, T < 0, U < 0 and Q = U + W < 0.
(C) C D: Isothermal (T = constant) T = 0, U = 0. Since volume is
decreasing, W < 0 and therefore Q < 0.
(D) D A: Adiabatic Q = 0, W < 0, U > 0, T > 0.
57. (A) (p), (q), (r); (B) (p), (q), (t); (C) (p), (q), (t); (D) (p), (q), (s), (t)

(A)

U=

GMm
1
, K = mv2 ,
R
2

E < 0, K 0

(B) SHM: E =

Kmax =

v<

GM
7.7 kms 1
R

2GM
1
GMm
2
2
v << R , K = 2 mv << R

2
GMm
r2 1 dr
3 2 + m
2R
R 2 dt

GMm
3 GMm GMm
GMm
at r = 0, E =
+
=
2R
2 R
2R
R
1

(C) Elliptical (escape velocity vE = 11 kms )


E = K, U = 2K E < 0, U < 0, K 0
(D) v = vE E = 0, U < 0, K 0

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IIT/PT 3/CMP/P(II)/Solns