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MIS 161

Ch.1
Digital Literacy
o Involves having a current knowledge and understand of computers,
mobile devices, the internet, and related technologies.
Computer
o Is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions
stored in its own memory that can accept data (input), process the
data according to specified rules, produce information (Output), and
store the information for future use.
Laptop (also known as a notebook computer)
o Is a thin, lightweight mobile computer with a screen in its lid and
keyboard in its base.
Tablets
o Is a thin, lighter weight mobile computer that has a touch screen.
Desktop
o Is a personal computer designed to be in a stationary location, where
all of its components fit on or under a desk or table.
Servers
o Is a computer dedicated to providing one or more services to other
computers or devices on a network. A network is a collection of
computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly.
Mobile device
o Often between 3 and 5 inches
o Popular types of mobile devices are smartphones, digital cameras,
portable media players, and e-book readers.
Smartphone
o Is an internet-capable phone.
Text message is a short note, typically fewer than 300 characters, sent to or
from a smartphone or other mobile device.
Picture message is a photo or other image, sometimes along with sound
and text, sent to or from a smartphone or other mobile device. A phone that
can send picture messages sometimes is called a camera phone.
Video message is a short video clip, usually about 30 seconds, sent to or
from a smartphone or other mobile device.
Digital camera
o Is a device that allows you to take photos and store the photographed
images digitally.
Portable media player (sometimes called a personal media player)
o Is a mobile device on which you can store, organize, and play or view
digital media.
E-book readers (also known as a e-reader)
o Short for electronic book reader
o Is a mobile device that is used primarily for reading e-books
Game console
o Is a mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer
video games.
Input device

Is any hardware component that allows you to enter data and


instructions into a computer or mobile device.

Keyboards
o Contains keys you press to enter data and instructions into a computer
or mobile device.
Pointing Devices
o A mouse is a pointing device that fits under the palm of your hand
comfortably.
o Touchpad is a small, flat, rectangular pointing device that is sensitive
to pressure and motion.
Printer
o Printed content sometimes is referred to as bard copy or printout.
Hard disk
o Is a storage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular
platters that use magnetic particles to store data, instructions, and
information.
Solid-State drives (SSD)
o Is a storage device that typically uses flash memory to store data,
instructions, and information?
USB Flash Drive
o Is a portable flash memory storage device that you plug in a USB port,
which is a special, easily accessible opening on a computer or mobile
device.
Memory card
o Is a removable flash memory, usually no bigger than 1.5 inches in
height or width that you insert in ad remove form a slot in a computer,
mobile device, or card reader/writer.
Optical discs
o Is a type of storage media that consists of a flat, round, portable metal
disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is written and read by a
laser.
Cloud Storage
o Is an internet service that provides storage to computer users.
o Provides vary
o A backup is a duplicate of content on a storage.
Businesses called internet service providers (ISPs).
Downloading is the process of transferring content from a server on the
internet to a computer or mobile device.
Web
o Consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents.
o Each electronic document on the web is called a webpage.
Link
o Short for hyperlink
o Is a built-in connections to other documents, graphics, audio files,
videos, webpages, or websites.
Surfing the web

o Refers to the activity of using links to explore the web


Web server
o Is a computer that delivers requested webpages to your computer or
mobile device.
Search engine
o Is a software that finds websites, webpages, images, videos, news,
maps, and other info. Related to a specific topic.
Online social network "social networking site
o Is a website that encourages members in its online community to share
their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music and videos.
o Popular Social networking sites include Facebook, Twitter, and
LinkedIN.
With Facebook, you share messages
With Twitter, You Follow people
With LinkedIn, you share professional interests
Internet communications
o Email allows you to send messages to and receive messages and files
from other users via a computer network.
o With instant messaging (IM), you can have a real-time typed
conversation with another connected user (real-time means that both
of you are online at the same time).
o VoIP enables users to speak to other users over the internet
o With FTP, users can transfer items to and from other computers on the
internet.
Malware
o Short for malicious software, is software that acts without a users
knowledge and deliberately alters the computers and mobile devices
operations.
o Examples of malware include viruses, worms, Trojan horses,
rootkits, spyware, adware, and zombies.
Health Concerns
o Two behavioral health risks are technology addiction and
technology overload.
Environmental issues
o Manufacturing processes for computers and mobile devices along with
e-waste, or discarded computers and mobile devices, are depleting
natural resources and polluting the environment.
Green computing
o Involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste
generated when using a computer.
Software (also called a program)
o Consists of a series of related instructions, organized for a common
purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to
perform them.
System software consists of the programs that control or maintain
the operations of the computer and its devices. Operating systems
are a widely recognized example of system software.
Operating system

Is a set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer


or mobile device hardware.
Application (or app for short)
o Consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or
assist them with personal tasks.
o Desktop app - often is used to describe applications stored on a
computer.
o Web app is an application stored on a web server that you access
through a browser.
o Mobile app is an application you download from a mobile devices
application store or other location on the internet to a smartphone or
other mobile device.
To use additional desktop apps on a computer, you usually need to
install the software. Mobile apps typically install automatically after
you transfer the apps files to your device from its website.
When you instruct a computer or mobile device to run an application, the
computer or mobile device loads its software
The user interface controls how you enter data and instructions and how
information is displayed on the screen.
Software developer
o Sometimes called an application developer or computer programmer
o Is someone who develops programs and apps or writes the instructions
that direct the computer or mobile device to process data into info.
Popular programming languages include C++, Java, JavaScript,
Visual C#, and Visual Basic.
Chat rooms
o Real-time typed conversations among two or more people
Fax
o Over telephone lines
FTP
o Permits users to transfer files to and from servers on the internet
Internet
o Worldwide Collection of networks that link millions of business, govt
agencies.
Videoconference
o Real-time meeting between two or more geographically separated
people.
Computer communications describes a process in which two or more
computers or devices transfer (send and receive) data, instructions,
and info. Over transmission media via a communication device(s).
Communications device
o Is hardware capable of transferring items form computers and devices
to transmission media and vice versa.
WI-FI, Bluetooth, and cellular radios are examples of wireless
communications
o WI-FI Uses radio signals
o Bluetooth - uses short-range radio signals
o Cellular radio - uses the cellular network
o

Wi-Fi and Bluetooth are both hot spot technologies. A hot spot is a wireless
network that provides internet connections to mobile computers and devices.
Know the bolded WORDS ON PAGE 31
Synchronize (or sync)
o You match the files in two or more locations with each other.
Education
o Interactive whiteboard, which is a touch-sensitive device resembling a
dry-eraser board that displays images on a connected computer
screen.
These discrepancies are known collectively as the digital divide, a
term used to illustrate the gap between those with and without
access to technology.
Government
o The FBIs National Crime Information center (NCIC).
Finance
o Online investing to buy and sell stocks and bonds , without using a
broker
Entertainment
o Some website support streaming, where you access the media content
while it downloads.
Science
o Neural network is a system that attempts to imitate the behavior of
the human brain.
Publishing
o Blog is an informal website consisting of time-stamped articles
(posts) in a diary or journal format.
o Podcast is recorded media that users can download or stream to a
computer or portable media player.
o Wiki is a collaborative website that allows users to create, add to,
modify, or delete the content via their browser.
Computer aided manufacturing (CAM)
o Refers to the use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes
such as fabrication and assembly. (read pg 38)
Technology users
o Home user is any person who spends time using technology at home.
o Small/home office user includes employees of companies with fewer
than 50 employees, as well as the self-employed who work from home.
o Mobile user includes any person who works with computers or mobile
devices while away from a main office, home, or school.
Power user is a user who requires the capabilities of a powerful
computer.