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Edexel IAS Physics Unit 1 Physics on the go Topic 1 Higher, faster, stronger test with mark scheme 16_17

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You are on page 1of 30

Ac em L r

1

1

1

on the go

Tuesday 25/10/16

Instructions

Use black ink or ball-point pen

Write your name at the top of this page

Answer all questions in the spaces provided

there may be more space than you need

Information

The total mark for this paper is 80

The marks for each question are shown in square brackets

use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question

Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the qualityof your

written communication will be assessed

you should take particular care with your spelling, punctuation and grammar, as well as the

clarity of expression, on these questions

The list of data, formulae and relationships is printed at the end of this paper

Candidates may use a scientific calculator

Advice

Read each question carefully before you start to answer it

Keep an eye on the time

Try to answer every question

SECTION A

Answer ALL questions.

For questions 110, in Section A, select one answer from A to D and put a cross in the box

If you change your mind, put a line through the box and then

mark your new answer with a cross .

1. In which of the following is a vector fully described?

A A car travels north.

B A crane moves a load 20 m east.

C A train travels at a rate of 35 m s1.

D A lift moves upwards with a kinetic energy of 2.5 kJ.

2. A plane is travelling horizontally at a constant speed. It releases a package of supplies when in the

position shown.

Which of the following shows the path of the package after release?

A

B

C

D

3. A box of weight 150 N is placed on an inclined plane. The component of the box's weight acting along

the plane is W '.

A

B 15 cos 15

C

D 15 sin 15

4. A girl of mass 30 kg and a boy of mass 45 kg sit on a frictionless floor holding the two ends of a rope.

The boy pulls on the rope. The girl moves towards the boy with an initial acceleration of 3 m s2.

The boy

A moves towards the girl with an initial acceleration greater than 3 m s2.

B moves towards the girl with an initial acceleration less than 3 m s2.

C moves towards the girl with an initial acceleration of 3 m s2.

D remains stationary.

5. A ball is thrown vertically upwards. It reaches a maximum height, moves downwards and is caught by

the thrower at a time t.

Which of the following is the kinetic energy-time graph for the ball?

A

B

C

D

6. A lift carries people from one floor up to the floor above. Which graph shows how the acceleration of

the lift varies with time for the complete journey? Assume that the upward direction is positive.

A

B

C

D

7. A building has 5 floors. The windows on successive floors are separated by the same vertical

distance. A brick is dropped from a window on each floor at the same time.

The bricks should hit the ground at

A decreasing time intervals

B equal time intervals

C increasing time intervals

D the same time

8. The graph shows how velocity varies with time for an object.

A 20 m

B 40 m

C 60 m

D 80 m

9. An object of weight 7 N is raised from a height of 2 m to a height of 8 m.

The change in gravitational potential energy is

A

42 J

56 J

412 J

549 J

A kg m s2

B kg m2 s2

C kg m2 s3

D kg2 m2 s3

TOTAL FOR SECTION A = 10 MARKS

SECTION B

Answer ALL questions in the spaces provided.

11. A student is asked to provide an explanation of why a bottle on a table remains stationary.

(2)

Rewrite the student's explanation correctly.

(3)

12. Metrology is the science of measurement and World Metrology Day is May 20th. In 2010, the day was

used to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the SI system.

A metrologist from the National Physical Laboratory said on a radio programme that the SI system

uses units that everyone can understand. He stated the following example.

"If you hold an apple in your hand it's about a newton, if you raise it through one that's about a joule

and if you do it in one second that's about a watt."

Assuming that the apple has a mass of 100 g, explain and justify the statements made about the three

words in italics.

(6)

At take-off his horizontal speed is 8.0 m s1 and his vertical speed is 2.8 m s1.

(a) Show that the total time the athlete spends in the air is about 0.6 s.

Assume that his centre of gravity is at the same height at take-off and landing.

(3)

(2)

10

(c) In reality, when the athlete lands his centre of gravity is 50 cm lower than its position at take-off.

Calculate the extra horizontal distance this enables the athlete to jump.

(4)

(Total for Question = 9 marks)

11

14. The picture shows a jumping toy on which a student carries out some experiments.

The top of the toy is pushed down, compressing the spring. The suction cup adheres to the base and

holds the toy down. After a short time, the suction cup leaves the base, causing the toy to jump.

A compression-force graph is obtained for the spring in the toy.

(1)

(1)

12

(b) Show that the stiffness of the spring is about 1000 N m1.

(2)

(c) As the suction cup is about to leave the base the compression of the spring is 0.018 m.

(i) Calculate the energy stored in the spring at this stage.

(2)

(ii) Calculate the maximum possible height reached by the toy.

Mass of toy = 7.3 103kg

(2)

Height = ...........................................................

(iii) State an assumption made in your calculation.

(1)

13

(d)

The student uses a camera to video the movement of the toy in front of a metre rule.

The video is then used to find the maximum height reached by the toy.

(i) Explain the advantage of using the video camera over making observations just by eye.

(2)

(ii) The student repeats this procedure several times and records the following data:

0.45 m, 0.44 m, 0.36 m, 0.46 m, 0.45 m.

mean maximum height = 0.45 m

Why is the student justified in using 0.45 m as the mean?

(1)

14

Complete, in the space below, a free-body force diagram for the child and sledge.

Treat the child and sledge as a single body object.

(2)

(b) The child and sledge are pulled across level ground by an adult.

(i) They are pulled 11 m from rest in 4.9 s.

Show that the average acceleration is about 1 m s2.

(2)

Calculate the average resultant force on the child and sledge.

(2)

15

(c) The force applied by the adult is 200 N at an angle of 20 to the horizontal.

(i) Calculate the average resistive force acting while the sledge is being pulled.

(2)

(ii) Calculate the average power developed by the adult in pulling the sledge 11 m.

(3)

(Total for Question = 11 marks)

16

16. The photograph shows a physics teacher carrying out a demonstration related to vertical motion.

A coin, A, is placed on top of the smooth ruler and another coin, B, is placed on the table.

One hand is acting as a pivot. The other hand gives the ruler a sharp horizontal tap.

Coin A falls vertically to the ground while coin B is pushed horizontally off the table.

Both coins are heard to strike the floor at the same instant.

(a) Use Newton's first law to explain why the coin A has no horizontal motion.

(2)

(b) Explain how this demonstration shows the independence of vertical and horizontal motion.

(2)

17

Show that the coin on the ruler strikes the ground with a speed of about 4 m s1.

(2)

(d) After 0.42 s the second coin lands at a horizontal distance of 1.1 m from the table.

Calculate the velocity at which the coin strikes the ground.

(5)

Angle of velocity to horizontal = ...........................................................

(Total for Question = 11 marks)

18

17. The graph shows how displacement varies with time for an object which starts from rest with constant

acceleration.

(a) Use the distance-time graph to determine the speed of the object at a time of 4.0 s.

(3)

Speed = ...........................................................

(b) Calculate the acceleration.

(2)

Acceleration = ...........................................................

(Total for Question = 5 marks)

19

18. The photograph shows what happens when soft mint sweets are dropped into a bottle containing a

fizzy drink. There is a sudden release of gas which forces a long stream of fluid out of the bottle.

A student decides to calculate the amount of kinetic energy transferred to the fluid in this process. In

one experiment, the student places the bottle at an angle of 50 to the horizontal, adds the sweets

and measures the maximum horizontal distance travelled by the fluid. The student then calculates that

the fluid left the bottle at a speed of 7.5 m s1.

(a) (i) Show that the initial horizontal component of the fluid's velocity is about 5 m s1.

(1)

(ii) Show that the initial vertical component of the fluid's velocity is about 6 m s1.

(1)

(iii) Use these values to calculate the maximum horizontal distance travelled by the fluid. Assume

the fluid leaves the bottle at ground level.

(4)

20

(b) (i) Calculate the total amount of kinetic energy transferred to the fluid.

total mass of bottle, contents and sweets before the experiment = 2.24 kg

total mass of bottle, contents and sweets after the experiment = 0.79 kg

(2)

(ii) Give a reason why your value of kinetic energy might be higher than the true value.

(1)

(iii) Explain why your value of kinetic energy might be lower than the true value.

(2)

TOTAL FOR SECTION B = 70 MARKS

21

22

Mark Scheme

Q1.

Q2.

Q3.

Q4.

Q5.

Q6.

Q6.

Q8.

Q9.

Q10.

Q12.

Q11.

Q12.

Q13.

Q14.

Q15.

Q16.

Q17.

Q18.

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