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Why Study ABROAD ?

Why ITS Surabaya ?

Surabaya, 21 September 2016

Dhany Arifianto
Hitachi Fellow

Globalization and the evolution of the knowledgebased economy have caused dramatic changes in
the character and functions of education in most
Importance of interdisciplinary research, learning
and teaching
Transdisciplinary focus for curriculum
Preparing students to operate in multi-cultural
Connecting students to globalizing knowledge
networks of academic research

HEIs are therefore expected to provide
training for their students with transnational
skills or competences such as the mastery
of an international language (i.e., English),
the mastery of information and
communications technology, and the abilities
of problem solving, creative and critical
thinking (UNESCO, 2000)

Knowledge and
Skills about the
World and

World Standards

Labor Force with

High Levels of

Rethinking Ideal Graduates

Beyond academic excellence
International awareness
Comparative perspectives
Multi-cultural sensitivity
Effective communication skills
Strong interpersonal and social skills
Operating in ill-defined problem areas
Ability to work in teams
Independent in research
Critical in analysis

Why Study Abroad?

Studying abroad allows you to:
Experience living in another culture
Improve your language skills
Learn about yourself and gain new
Meet new people, visit new places
Develop unique skills and connections


Menjadi perguruan tinggi dengan reputasi internasional dalam ilmu pengetahuan,
teknologi, dan seni, terutama yang menunjang industri dan kelautan yang
berwawasan lingkungan.

MISI (2/4)
Memberikan kontribusi nyata dalam pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi,
dan seni untuk kesejahteraan masyarakat melalui kegiatan-kegiatan pendidikan,
penelitian, pengabdian kepada masyarakat, dan pengelolaan sistem berbasis
Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK).
Pendidikan : Menyelenggarakan pendidikan tinggi dengan kurikulum, dosen, dan
metode pembelajaran berkualitas internasional.
Penelitian : Berperan secara aktif dalam pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan,
teknologi, dan seni terutama di bidang kelautan, permukiman dan energi yang
berwawasan lingkungan melalui kegiatan penelitian yang berkualitas internasional.

Educational tourism
New type of tourism is emerging educational tourism
International student mobility is crucial not only from an
educational point of view but for tourism as well
Students often choose their universities not only because of
the educational advantages of the university but also
because of the attractiveness of the cities

Benefits of world-class universities

There has been growing interest in world-class universities because of:
Changes in the operating environment for universities: influence of expansion,
globalisation and privatisation.
Recognition of the vital contribution that higher education will make to national
competitiveness in tomorrows global, knowledge economy.
The particular value placed on research universities, in training the high-level
specialists and generating the new knowledge necessary for innovation.

Evidence suggests that world-class universities:

Are able to deliver research at the frontier which tends to offer the greatest
benefits.1 (eg Major benefits of Prof Ken Murrays pioneering work on Hepatitis B vaccine
Offer a critical mass of research activity associated with the highest quality research
Facilitate the formation of clusters of research and innovation
Offer the scale of research and facilities to attract investment from global companies.
Attract the very best global talent as staff and students. (Glasgow and Edinburgh
universities account for 23% of international postgraduate students in Scottish HEIs.)
Build networks with leading centres of knowledge around the globe.
1. Aghion, Dewatripont, Hoxby et al Higher Aspirations: an agenda for reforming European universities (2008); 2. Page, A Review of Volume Indicators, HEFCE,


University local economy

The University has positive effects on local economic
These effects can be classified into two categories:
1. supply effectsrelated to human capital and
2. demand-side effectsrelated to expenditure
and its multiplier impact on local economy

The international picture

United States
Stimulus package includes an
additional $20 billion for scientific
The top 20 universities received
over $8 billion in charitable
donations in 2008, and endowments
still vastly exceed those in the UK.

HE reforms will
increase operating
budgets by 50%
over 5 years and
improve university

Middle East

Soon to have the largest annual output

of graduates in the world and the
majority of PhDs in S&T
11 leading institutions receive more
than US$120 million per year from

The Excellence
Initiative is
increasing research
funding for
selected elite

The new KAUST in Saudi Arabia is the

richest university in the world
outside US.
millions are being invested to
develop HE in Qatar, Abu Dhabi,

10,000 PhDs and 30,000
Masters students will
Rektorat ITS Surabaya, 14 Agustus 2014
graduate in 2009 10 fold
increase in 20 yrs.

World Class
University Project is
providing additional
funding for research
in universities.

In 2007, the government made 7 billion
investment over 5 yrs for HE. PM plans
to create 40 new Institutes of
Technology and Management.
By 2015, India will be producing 1.4
million graduate engineers a year.

New measures proposed to increase
market share of international
postgraduate research students
In 2007, Government announced a 2.5

World-class universities - implications for National Interests

In the current era of knowledge-intensive growth, good average higher education is
NOT enough It is crucial to also foster some world-class universities.1
Characteristics of a world-class university (WCU): Alignment of key factors2

1. Aghion, Dewatripont, Hoxby et al Higher Aspirations: an agenda for reforming European universities (2008); 2. Jamil Salmi The Challenge of Establishing
World-Class Universities, The World Bank (2009)

The Five-Senses of Student Success

Sense of

Sense of

Sense of
Sense of

Sense of

(Lizzio, 2006)

Culture Shocks
The impact of moving from a familiar culture to one which is unfamiliar
Culture shock, like love, is a temporary madness

(from Culture Shock Thailand)

is often discussed in terms of transitional phases.

These are
Initial shock
Honeymoon period
Distress period
Adjustment Phase

Culture Shocks (visually)

Culture Shocks (verbally)

You have to depend on yourself in London. Its easy to feel lonely here
(student from China)

I quickly learned that people dont touch each other very much here.
That is very different from Brazil

Sri Lanka is very slow and relaxed. The pace of life there is so different.
Coming to London is like jumping on a rollercoaster

I didnt experience culture shock, I experienced price shock! (student

from China)
When I first came to London and I went on the underground I looked up
at the escalator and I saw every race of people and I thought I will never
forget this (student from India)

Your Supports & Helps

Once students from disadvantaged backgrounds
have entered university, the likelihood of them
completing their course of study is broadly similar
to that of the general higher education population.
Often, however, they require higher levels of
support to succeed, including financial
assistance & greater academic support,
mentoring & counselling services.
(Transforming Australias Higher Education
System, Commonwealth of Australia, 2009:14)

Your Supports & Helps

Excellence (elitism)
Hard work
Reading lots of

Good writing and referencing
Following departmental guidelines
Being proactive and active
Talking to teachers, other
students, education professionals

Developing your own well

reasoned and substantiated
Understanding that there is more
than one answer

Towards Excellence !

Academic/Cultural/Social Capital the Hidden
1.Student role Understanding student role expectations &
appropriate & effective behaviour (realistic role appraisal;
predictors of academic success; work-family-study balance)
2.Performance Expectations Reading the academic context
to accurately determine performance requirements re
studying & assessment standards
3.Help-seeking Capacity for help-seeking without fear of
negative labelling (dumb/stupid)
4.Identity as a student Sense of belonging & personal fit with
university (overcome the outsider within phenomenon A
stranger in a foreign land)

Rektorat ITS Surabaya, 14 Agustus 2014