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You are on page 1of 67

MODULE-17C

MODULE-17C

Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions,

principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohrs circle.

___________________________________________________________________________

1.

The shear modulus (G), modulus of elasticity (E) and the Poissons

ratio (v) of a material are related as,

(A) G = E/[2(1 + v)]

(B) E = G/[2(1+v)]

(C) G = E/[2(1 v)]

(D) G = E/[2(v 1)]

Ans: (A)

2.

in the figure. Loads shown are placed on one of the axes of symmetry

of cross-section. Ignoring self weight, the maximum tensile stress in

N/mm2anywhere is

(a)

(c)

16.0

25.0

(b)

(d)

20.0

30.0

Ans:

=

=

= 0.025 kN/

= 0.0318 kN/

= 0.030kN/

= 30 N/

JH ACADEMY

Page 1

MODULE-17C

3.

shown below.

If

70

then

and

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

MPa,

are respectively

54 MPa and 128 MPa

67.5 MPa and 213.3 MPa

16 MPa and 138 MPa

Ans:

120 =

70 =

=

(

240 =

25

= 18

= 24

4.5

8

12.5

JH ACADEMY

Page 2

MODULE-17C

(

KN

4.

= 67. 5kN

is obtained from

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Conservation of mass

Force equilibrium equations

Moment equilibrium equations

Conservation of energy

Ans: (C)

5.

respectively, then maximum shear stress at the point is

(a)

(c)

10 MPa

20 MPa

(b)

(d)

15 MPa

30 MPa

Ans:

Maximum shear stress =

6.

)=

free surface is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Tensile stress acting on it must be zero

Shear stress acting on it must be zero

No point on it should be under any stress

Ans:(D)

7.

+ MPa is a circle

with

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Center at (0,0) and radius 60 MPa

Center at (30,0) and radius 30 MPa

Center at (30,0) and zero radius

Ans:

*

JH ACADEMY

Page 3

MODULE-17C

8.

shear stress in the bar is

(a)

(c)

75 MPa

100 MPa

(b) 86.5 Pa

(d) 122.3 MPa

Ans:

(

9.

)=

86.5MPa

(E), shear modulus (G) and Poisson's ratio ( ) is given by

(A)

(B)

(

(C)

(D)

Ans:

(

10.

A vertical PQ of length L is fixed at its top end P and has a flange to the

bottom end A weight W is dropped vertically from a height h (<L) on

to the flange. The axial stress in the rod can be reduced by

(A) Increasing the length of the rod

(B) Decreasing the length of the rod

(C) Decreasing the area of cross-section of the rod

(D) Increasing the modulus of elasticity of the material

Ans: (A)

W (h + ) = * f * A .

W (h + ) = . f. A .

Wh +

f =

(

f=

f - wh = 0

)

( )

JH ACADEMY

Page 4

MODULE-17C

11.

I. On a principal plane, only normal stress acts

II. On a principal plane, both normal and shear stresses act

III.On a principal plane, only shear stress acts

IV. Isotropic state of stress is independent of frame of reference

The TRUE statements are

(A) I and IV

(B)

(C) II and IV (D)

II

II and III

Ans: (A)

12.

The major and minor principal stresses at a point are 3 MPa and -3 MPa

respectively. The maximum shear stress at the point is

(A) zero (B) 3 MPa (C) 6 MPa (D) 9 MPa

Ans:

=

(

(

13.

)

)

= 3MPa

isotropic and homogeneousmaterial is

(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 1

Ans: (C)

14.

of the remaining disc (shaded portion) at a radial distance from the

centre "O" is

Ans:

( )

( )

JH ACADEMY

( )

( )

Page 5

MODULE-17C

15.

having a neutral axis (NA) as shown. For points P (on the neutral axis)

and Q (at the bottom of the beam) the state of stress is best represented

by which of the following pairs?

Ans: (A)

16.

(A)|

|(B)|

(C)|

|(D)|

Ans: (B)

17.

that the pressure exerted on all faces of the cube is p, then the maximum

shear stress developed inside the cube is

(A) 0 (B)2p(C) p (D) 2p

Ans:

Force = 2P

Max shear stress =

18.

= 2P

stresses:

*

(A) 50 (B) 75 (C) 100 (D) 110

Ans:

Here

=110, 10

JH ACADEMY

Page 6

MODULE-17C

19.

, then the

maximum stress induced in the wire is

a)

b) 2

c) 4

d) 6

Ans:

=

= 10mm = 1cm

=

=

20.

subjected to plane stresses , and are normal strains in x, y and z

direction respectively and is the Poissons ratio, the magnitude of unit

volume change of the element is given by

a)

b)

(

)

c)

(

)

d)

Ans: (A)

21.

from a ceiling. if the density of the material of the bar is and the

modulus of elasticity is E, then the total elongation of the bar due to its

own weight is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (B)

22.

1330kg/

. The bulk modulus of the material is 1.33

kg/

.

The volumetric change is

a)

8cc

c) 0.8cc

b) 6cc

d)

cc

Ans:

=

= V* +

JH ACADEMY

Page 7

MODULE-17C

*

=V

= 8000

= 8 cc

23.

can be expressed as

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

E = 3K(1 2) =2G(1+ )

= 3k 6k = 2G + 2G

=

24.

tangential stress on a plane inclined at to the cross-section of the bar

would be

a)

b) p

c)

d) p

Ans: (A)

25.

Two bars one of material A and the other of material B of same length

are tightly secured between two unyielding walls. Coefficient of

thermal expansion of bar A is more than that of B. when temperature

rises the stresses induced are

a)

b)

c)

d)

Tension in material A and compression in material B

Compression in material A and tension in material B

Compression in both the materials.

Ans: (c)

26.

1. On planes having maximum and minimum principal stresses, there

will be no tangential stress.

2. Shear stresses on mutually perpendicular planes are numerically

equal.

3. Maximum shear stress is equal to half the sum of the maximum and

minimum principal stresses.

Which of these statements is/ are correct?

JH ACADEMY

Page 8

MODULE-17C

a)

Only 1 is

c) 2 and 3

b) 1 and 2

d) 1 and 3

Ans: (b)

27.

measured extension on a gauge length of 200mm is 0.09mm and the

change in diameter is 0.0045mm. the Poissons ratio will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (b)

28.

with its faces perpendicular to X and Y reference axes. Tensile stresses

equal to 15KN/

and 9 KN/

are observed on these respective

faces. They are also accompanied by shear equal to 4KN/

. The

magnitude of the principal stresses at the point are

a) 12KN/

Tensile and 3 KN/

tensile

b) 17 KN/

tensile and 7 KN/

tensile

c) 9.5KN/

compressive and 6.5KN/

compressive.

d) 12 KN/

tensile and 13KN/

tensile.

Ans:

29.

= 12+5 = 17

= 12 5 = 7

and in two mutually perpendicular directions X and Y, the

maximum shear would occur along the

a)

b)

c)

d)

Plane normal to Y-axis.

Plane at

to Y-direction.

Planes at

and

to the Y- direction.

Ans: (D)

30.

stresses of 800kg/

and 400 kg/

. If the Poissons ratio = 0.25,

what would be the equivalent stress in simple tension according to

maximum principal strain theory?

a)

1200 kg/

c) 700kg/

b) 900kg/

d) 400kg/

Ans: (C)

JH ACADEMY

Page 9

MODULE-17C

31.

eccentricity equal to one-fourth ofd. the ratio between the maximum

compressive stress and the maximum tensile stress is

a)

b) 4

c) 5

d) infinity

Ans: (a)

32.

stress of 200N/

what is the modulus of resilience for the bar?

a)

0.10 units

b) 0.20units

c) 10000 units

d) 200000 units

Ans:

Modulus of Resilience = 1/2

= 1/2

= 0.10 units

33.

shear stress of 500kg/

. If the modulus of rigidity of the material is

kg/

,the strain energy stored will be

a)

c)

1000kg-cm

125kg-cm

b) 500kg-cm

d) 100kg-cm

Ans:

Strain Energy =

=

= 125 kg cm

34.

The stress level, below which a material has a portability of not failing

under reversal of stress, known as

a)

Elastic limit

b) endurance limit

c) Proportional limit

d) tolerance limit.

Ans: (B)

35.

If E= 2.06

N/

, an axial pull of 60KN suddenly applied to a

steel rod 50mm in diameter and 4m long. It causes an instaneous

elongation of the order of

a)

1.19mm

b) 2.19mm

c) 3.19mm

d) 11.9mm

Ans: (a)

JH ACADEMY

Page 10

MODULE-17C

36.

and

stiffness of the combined spring is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

37.

a point be represented in magnitude and direction by two adjacent sides

of a parallelogram, their resultant may be represented in magnitude and

direction by

a) Longer side of the other two sides.

b) Shorter side of the other two sides

c) Diagonal of the parallelogram which does not pass through their

point of intersection

d) Diagonal of the parallelogram which passes through their point of

intersection.

Ans: (D)

38.

to D. if extension of the bar is calculated treating it as a bar of average

diameter, then the percentage error will be

a)

10

b) 25

c) 33.33

d) 50

Ans:

+

(

= 4 =>

= 0.25

39.

bar A are twice that of bar B. if the temperature of both bars is

increased by the same amount while preventing any expansion, then

the ratio of stress developed in a bar A to that in a bar B will be

a)

b) 4

JH ACADEMY

c) 8

d) 16

Page 11

MODULE-17C

Ans:

=L

T

=

) ( )(

= => B =8A

40.

The side AD of the square block ABCD as shown in the figure is fixed

at the given figure is fixed at the base and it is under a stage of simple

shear causing shear and shear strain .

Where =

( )

a)

b) /

/2

c)

d)

Ans: (A)

41.

The lists given below refer to a bar length L cross section area A,

youngs modulus E, Poissons ratio and subjected to axial stress .

match list-I and list-II and select the correct answer using the codes

given below the lists:

List-I

A. volumetric strain

B. strain energy per unit volume

C. Ratio of youngs modulus to bulk modulus.

D. Ratio of youngs modulus to modulus of rigidity

List-II

1.

2(1+ )

2.

3( 1-2 )

1.

JH ACADEMY

3. (1-2 )

5. 2( 1- )

Page 12

MODULE-17C

Codes:

A

a)

b)

c)

d)

3

5

5

2

4

4

4

3

C

2

1

2

1

D

1

2

1

5

Ans: (A)

42.

= 110MPa

= 30MPa

= = 30MPa

The radius of the Mohrs circle and the principal stresses

(in MPa)

Radius

a) 50

120

20

b) 55

30

110

c) 60

140

20

d) 70

140

20

are

Ans:

= 120

= 120

= radius = 50

43.

1. In a member subjected to uniaxial tensile force the maximum

normal stress is the external load divided by the maximum

cross-sectional area.

2. When the structural member is subjected to uniaxial loading,

the shear stress is zero on a plane where the normal stress is

maximum.

3. In a member subjected to uniaxial loading, the normal stress

on the planes of maximum shear stress is less than the

maximum.

Which of these statements are correct?

44.

a)

1 and 2

b) 1 and 3

c)

2 and 3

d) 1,2 and 3

Ans: (c)

A certain steel has proportionality limit of 3000 kg/

in simple

tension. It is subjected to principal stresses of 1200kg/

(tensile),

600kg/

(tensile) and 300kg/

(compressive). The factor of safety

according to maximum shear stress theory is

a) 1.50

b) 1.75

c)

1.80

d) 2.00

Ans: (d)

JH ACADEMY

Page 13

MODULE-17C

45.

given below the lists:

List-I

List-II

A. Shear centre

B. Principal plane

C. Fixed end

D. Middle third rule

1. Tension

2. Slope

3. Shear stress

4. Twisting

Codes:

a)

b)

c)

d)

4

3

4

4

3

1

1

2

2

4

2

3

1

2

3

1

Ans: (A)

46.

moment M. the ratio of maximum bending stress to maximum shear

stress is given by

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

Bending stress =

Shear stress =

=

47.

bending moment M and torque T. The expression for maximum

principal stress at the section is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (D)

48.

unit point load at its centre. The strain energy in the beam due to

bending is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

JH ACADEMY

Page 14

MODULE-17C

Strain energy =

=

=

49.

stress and

are such that > ; then according to the maximum

shear stress theory, the failure occurs when(where

is the yield stress,

is the Poissons ratio and E is the modulus of elasticity)

a)

b)

c)

d)

)

+

+2

Ans: (c)

50.

of stress is called

a)

Endurance limit

b) Creep

c) Ultimate strength

d) Residual stress

Ans: (a)

51.

the stress is a derived concept.

Reason (R): strain does not have a unit while the stress has a unit.

Codes:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans: (b)

52.

which an elastic body undergoes, under given stress is the same

irrespective of the stresses being tensile or compressive.

Reason (R): The modulus of elasticity and Poissons ratio are assumed

to be the same in tension as well as compression.

Codes:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans: (a)

JH ACADEMY

Page 15

MODULE-17C

53.

Assertion (A): The inclination of the line joining any point P on the

Mohrs circle and the origin O with the X-axis equals twice the angle

between the resultant stress and the normal of the plane for which P

stands.

Reason (R): The inclination of the line joining any point P on the

Mohrs circleand the centre of the circle C with X-axis equals twice the

angle between the plane for which P stands and zero degree plane.

Codes:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans: (d)

54.

mid-span. If the width b of the beam is constant and its depth is

varying throughout the span, then what should be its mid-span depth,

when design stress is f ?

a)

b)

c)

Ans: (c)

55.

A round steel bar of overall length 40cm consists of two equal portions

of 20cm each having diameters of 10cm and 8cm respectively. Take E

as 2

kg/

. If the rod is subjected to a tensile load of 10 tonnes,

the elongation in cm will be given by

a)

b)

c)

d)

= 25

Ans:

= 16

*

*

=

(

+

+

t = 10000kg)

*

JH ACADEMY

Page 16

MODULE-17C

56.

Supports can yield (total) by 0.01cm. if the temperature of the bar is

raised by

C, then the stress induced in the bar for = 20

C

and

=1

Kg/

will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

2

4

8

16

kg/

kg/

kg/

kg/

Ans:

= 0.01cm

=

=

57.

Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer using the codes

given below the lists:

List-I

List-II

A. Moment of inertia 1. Tensile stress

B. Elongation

2. Modulus of rupture

C. Neutral axis

3. Zero shear stress

D. Top fiber

4. Zero longitudinal stress

Codes:

A

2

1

3

2

1

2

4

1

3

4

1

4

4

3

2

3

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

58.

(D)

Poissons ratio 0.25. the ratio of youngs modulus to modulus of

rigidity of this material is

a)

3.75

b) 3

c) 2.5

d) 1.5

Ans:

G=

59.

axial loads as shown in the figure.

JH ACADEMY

is subjected to

Page 17

MODULE-17C

a) 400kg/

tension

b) 2000kg/

compression

c) 1000kg/

tension

d) 600kg/

tension

Ans:

Area = 5

Force = 5000 kg

Stress=

60.

1000kg/

tension

40cm as shown in the figure below. Their upper ends are fixed to the

ceiling while their lower ends support a rigid horizontal bar which

carries a central load of 1t midway between the wires. Details of the

two wires are given below:

Wir

e

No.

1

2

Area

(

)

Material

Modulus of

elasticity

(kg/

)

Copper

steel

a)

0.25

b) 0.5

c) 2

Elongation

is

d) 1

Ans:

( )

( )

=

and

=

JH ACADEMY

Page 18

MODULE-17C

61.

stresses of 2000kg/

and 1000kg/

are acting, then the intensity

of tangential stress on a plane inclined at

to the axis of the minor

stress will be

a) 125kg/

b) 250kg/

c) 500kg/

d) 1000kg/

Ans:

sin 2

= 250kg/

62.

For the state of stress shown in the below figure, normal stress acting on

the plane of maximum shear stress is

a)

b)

c)

d)

25MPa compression

75MPa compression

25MPa tension

75MPa tension

Ans:

75MPa tension

63.

According to the distortion energy theory, failure will NOT occur when

(symbols have the usual meaning)

a)

b) [(

c)

)

)

*(

d) *

) (

)+

Ans:

According to the distortion energy theory,

(

JH ACADEMY

Page 19

MODULE-17C

64.

a) When one of the principal stresses at a point is large in comparison

to the other

b) When shear stresses act

c) When both the principal stresses are numerically equal

d) For all situations of stress.

Ans: (a)

65.

alone is doubled, then the horse power P can be increased to

a)

16P b) 8P c) 4P

d) 2P

Ans: (b)

66.

) carries a tensile load of 1KN as shown in

the figure below. Under this load, the maximum intensity of stress over

the mean value will increase by

a)

20%

b) 40%

c)

60%

d) 80%

Ans:

Direct Stress,

Bending stress,

Mean value=

Increase in stress = 8-5=

JH ACADEMY

Page 20

MODULE-17C

67.

to a bending moment M and torque T and is the allowable stress in

axial tension, then the diameter d of the shaft is given by

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

68.

A Cube is subjected to equal tensile stress on all the three faces. If the

yield stress of the material is

then based on the strain energy theory,

then based on the strain energy theory, the maximum tensile stress will

be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

69.

central load W. The ratio of maximum deflection to maximum to

maximum bending stress is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

70.

Consider the following statements regarding a beam of uniform crosssection simply supported at its ends and carrying a concentrated load at

one of its middle third points:

1. Its deflection under the load will be maximum.

2. The bending moment under the load will be maximum.

3. The deflection at the midpoint of the span will be maximum.

4. The slope at the nearest support will be maximum.

Which of these statements are correct?

a) 1 and 3

b) 2 and 4

c) 1 and 2

d) 3 and 4

Ans: (b)

71.

water. If the limiting tensile stress of the pipe material is 20MPa, then

the thickness of the pipe will be

a)

25mm b) 50mm

c) 75mm d) 100mm

Ans: (b)

JH ACADEMY

Page 21

MODULE-17C

72.

measurement of ductility will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

73.

Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer using the codes

given below the lists:

List-I

A. Ductility

B. Brittleness

C. Tenacity

D. Toughness

1.

2.

3.

4.

List-II

Failure without warning

Drawn permanently over great changes of shape without rupture

Absorption of energy at high stress without rupture

High tensile strength

Codes:

a)

b)

c)

d)

1

1

2

2

2

2

3

1

4

3

4

4

3

4

1

3

Ans: (d)

74.

a) Visco-elastic : small plastic zone material

b) Strain hardening material : stiffening effect felt at some stage

c) Orthographic material

: Different properties in three

perpendicular directions.

d) Isotropic material

: same physical property in all directions

at a point

Ans: (a)

75.

and

accompanied by shear stress

at a point along orthogonal

Cartesian co-ordinates x and y respectively. If it is observed that the

minimum principal stress on a certain plane is zero then.

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

Page 22

MODULE-17C

76.

C and

was made of two materials A and B. if the coefficient of thermal

expansion of A is greater than that of B and the composite section is

heated to

C, then A and B will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Both be in compression

Both be in tension

B in compression and tension respectively.

Ans: (b)

77.

its shear modulus. The Poissons ratio is

a)

0.125

b) 0.250

c)

0.375

d) 0.500

Ans:

(

3-6

78.

A mild steel bar is in two parts having equal lengths. The area of crosssection of part-1 is double than part-2. If the bar carries an axial load P,

then the ratio of elongation in part-1 to that in part-2 will be

a)

c)

b) 4

d)

Ans:

JH ACADEMY

Page 23

MODULE-17C

79.

on two mutually perpendicular planes (

) as shown in the

figure.

a) The planes BC and CD are principal planes.

b) Shear stress will act on planes inclined to planes AB and CB

c) There will not be any normal stress on planes having maximum

shear stress.

d) There will not be any shear stress on planes AB and BC

Ans: (c)

80.

(tensile) and the minor principal stress is compressive. If the uniaxial

tensile yield stress is 250MPa , then according to the maximum shear

stress theory, the magnitude of the minor principal stress(compressive)

at which yielding will commence is

a)

200MPa

c) 50MPa

b) 100MPa

d) 25MPa

Ans:

Factor of safety =

200-(- )

81.

simple tension. It is subjected to principal stresses of 150MPa (tensile)

60MPa (tensile) and 30MPa (tensile). According to the maximum

principal stress theory, the factor of safety in this case would be

a) 10

Ans:

b) 5

c) 4

d) 2

Factor of safety=

JH ACADEMY

Page 24

MODULE-17C

82.

distance of x from the centre of the arc, where x is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

83.

A high strength steel band- saw of 90mm width and 0.5mm thickness

runs over a pulley of 500mm diameter. Assuming E= 200GPa, the

maximum flexural stress developed would be

a)

100MPa

b) 200MPa

c) 400MPa

d) 500MPa

Ans: (b)

84.

) is used as a beam with one

diagonal horizontal. The location of the maximum shear stress from the

neutral axis will be at distance of

a) Zero

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

85.

below. The deflection at free end will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

86.

answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

A. Inelastic material

B. Rigid plastic material

C. Ductile material

D. Brittle material

JH ACADEMY

Page 25

MODULE-17C

1.

2.

3.

4.

List-II

No plastic zone

Large plastic zone

Strain is zero recovered after unloading

Strain is zero up to a stresses level and then stress remains constant.

Codes:

a)

b)

c)

d)

3

3

4

4

4

4

3

3

2

1

2

1

1

2

1

2

Ans: (a)

87.

correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

A. Fatigue

B. Creep

C. Plasticity

D. Endurance limit

List-II

1. Material continues to deform with time under sustained loading

2. Decreased resistance of material to repeated reversals of stress

3. Material has a high portability of not failing under reversals of

stress of magnitude below this level

4. Material continues to deform without any further increase in stress.

Codes:

a)

b)

c)

d)

2

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

4

3

4

3

3

4

3

4

Ans: (a)

88.

length having diameters of 40mm. 50mm and 60mm, respectively. If

the bar is subjected to an axial load of 10KN, the total elongation of the

bar in mm would be (E is the modulus of elasticity in

)

a)

b)

c)

d)

(

(

JH ACADEMY

)

)

Page 26

MODULE-17C

Ans:

Total elongation of the bar,

[

L=

=

89.

and tensile stress of along the X, Y and Z directions

respectively, then the resultant strain

along the X direction would

be (E is youngs modulus of elasticity, is Poissons ratio)

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

90.

tensile test. Its longitudinal strain is 4 times that of its lateral strain. If

the modulus of elasticity is 2

N/

, then its modulus of rigidity

will be

a) 8

b) 8

c) 0.8

d) 0.8

Ans:

G=

91.

0.8

N/

shear of intensity q. if BE represents the principal plane and the

principal stresses are

then the values of

and

will be

respectively

JH ACADEMY

Page 27

MODULE-17C

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

Tan 2 =

2

92.

values of stresses are (=32MPa);

(= -10MPa) and major principal

stress (=40MPa). The minor principal stress is

a)

b)

c)

d)

-22MPa

-18MPa

22MPa

Indeterminable due to insufficient data

Ans:

(

93.

two principal stresses and

at a point in a two- dimensional stress

system. The strain energy per unit volume of the material is

a)

b)

c)

d)

JH ACADEMY

Page 28

MODULE-17C

Ans: (a)

94.

moment T. the developed principal stress will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

95.

The close-coiled spring shown in fig-I is cut into equal pieces which are

combined to form a parallel spring as shown in fig-II. The ratio of the

angular twist for the spring in fig-II to that of spring in figI due to an

axial load P is

a)

1/2

b) 1/ 4

c) 1/ 8

d) 1

Ans:

96.

subjected to internal pressure:

1. The stress on an element on the outer wall is unidirectional.

2. The stresses on an element on the inner wall are principal stresses.

3. The constants of the Lames equation are positive.

Which of these statements are correct?

a)

1 and 2

c) 2 and 3

b) 1 and 3

d) 1,2 and 3

Ans: (d)

97.

and minor principal tensile stress is 10

. the major

principal stress is

a) 30

b) 50

c)

d) 100

60

JH ACADEMY

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MODULE-17C

Ans:

=

98.

50N/

is equal to

3

. It is subjected to a load as shown in figure-II. The

maximum tensile stress in the beam would be:

a)

b)

c)

d)

21

21

21

Ans:

Max. B M = 0.9KNm

F=

=

99.

21N/

cross-section.

Ans: (a)

100. Match list-I with list-II and select the correct answer using the codes

given below the lists:

List-I

A. Tenacity

B. Plasticity

C. Ductility

D. Malleability

JH ACADEMY

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MODULE-17C

List II

1.

2.

3.

4.

Ultimate strength in tension

Extension in a direction without rupture

Ability to be drawn out by tension to a small section without

rupture.

Codes:

A

a)

b)

c)

d)

B

2

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

4

3

4

3

3

4

3

4

Ans: (d)

101. A steel bar 300mm long and having 24 mm diameter, is turned down to

18mm diameter for one third of its length. It is heated

C above room

temperature, clamped at both ends and then allowed to cool to room

temperature. If the distance between the clamps is unchanged, the

maximum stress in the bar(

and E=200

) is

a)

25

b) 50

c)

75

d) 100

Ans: (d)

102. A bar of uniform section is subjected to axial tensile loads such that the

normal strain in the direction is 1.25mm per m. if the poisons ratio of

the material of the bar is 0.3, the volumetric strain would be

a)

b) 3

c)

d) 5

Ans: (d)

103. A square plate (

) rigidly held at three edges is free to move along

the fourth edge. If temperature of the plate is raised by temperature t,

then the free expansion at the fourth edge will be ( coefficient of

thermal expansion of the material=, modulus of elasticity of the

material=E and its Poissons ratio=)

a)

at

b) at(1+)

c) a(t+t/E)

d) at(1-)

Ans:

[

JH ACADEMY

)]

Page 31

MODULE-17C

)]

=0

correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

A. youngs modulus

B. Poissons ratio

C. Bulk modulus

D. Rigidity modulus

List-II

1.

2.

3.

4.

Stress to strain within elastic limit

Shear stress to shear strain within elastic limit

Direct stress to corresponding volumetric strain.

Codes:

A

a)

b)

c)

d)

3

2

2

3

1

1

4

4

C

4

4

1

1

D

2

3

3

2

Ans: (b)

105. For a linear, elastic, isotropic material, the number of independent

elastic constants is

a)

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

Ans: (b)

106. Match list-I ( theory of failures) with list-II (scientists) and select the

correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

A. Maximum principal stress theory

B. Maximum shear stress theory

C. Maximum principal strain theory

D. Maximum distortion energy theory

List-II

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

St. Venant

Beltrami and Haigh

Tresca

Von-Mises

Rankine

JH ACADEMY

Page 32

MODULE-17C

Codes:

A

a)

b)

c)

d)

5

5

3

3

3

1

5

1

D

1

2

1

2

4

4

2

5

Ans: (b)

107. A member is made of structural steel. When it is subjected to simple

tension, the limit of proportionally is 280

.if the principal

stresses

and

developed in the member are 100

(tensile)

and 40

(compressive) respectively and Poissons ratio is 0.30,

then the factor of safety according to maximum shear stress theory

would be

a) 2.75

b) 2.5

c)

2.25

d) 2.0

Ans:

FOS=

108. A solid shaft of 100mm diameter in a small hydraulic turbine is

subjected to an axial compressive load of 100 KN and a torque of 5

KN-m. the maximum shearing stress induced in the shaft is

a) 20

b) 20

c) 20

d) 20

Ans:

20

N/

109. A solid circular shaft is subjected to a torque T(in Nm), which produces

a maximum shear stress of (in

) in the shaft. The required

diameter of the shaft would be

a)

c)

b)

d)

Ans: (a)

110. The principal stresses at a point in a strained material are and

. The resultant stress on the plane carrying the maximum shear

stress would be

(

b) *

a)

c) [ (

d)

)]

]

JH ACADEMY

Page 33

MODULE-17C

Ans: (b)

tensile load P, then the maximum shear stress and its inclination with

the direction of load will be

a)

and

b)

and

c)

and

d)

and

Ans: (c)

112. A test is conducted on a beam loaded by end couples. The fibers at

layer CD are found to lengthen by 0.03mm and fibers at layer AB

shorten by 0.09mm in 20mm gauge length as shown in the figure.

Taking E= 2

, the flexural stress at top fibers would be

a)

b)

c)

d)

900

1000

1200

1200

tensile

tensile

tensile

compressive

Ans: (a)

113. Which one of the following rules ascertains the maximum permissible

eccentricity of loads on circular column so that stresses will always be

compressive?

a) Middle fourth rule

b) Middle third rule

c) Middle half rule

d) Middle two-third rule.

Ans: (a)

114. A bar AB of diameter 40mm and 4mm long is rigidly fixed at its ends.

A torque of 600Nm is applied at a section of the bar, 1m from end A.

the fixing couples

and

at the supports A and B, respectively, are

a)

b)

c)

d)

200N-m and 400N-m

300N-m and 150N-m

300N-m and 100N-m

JH ACADEMY

Page 34

MODULE-17C

Ans:

Taking point B,

(

115. A short hollow CI column section A is 150

and the section

modulus z= 10

carries

(i) An axial load of 250KN, and

(ii) A load of 50KN on a bracket, the load line being 500mm from the

axis of the column

The maximum and minimum stress intensities are

a)

b)

c)

d)

50 N/

45

55

60

tensile and 10

compressive and 5

compressive and 5

tensile and 10

compressive

tensile

tensile

compressive

Ans:

P= 250+50= 300

M = P.e = 50

a)

b)

c)

d)

Product of stress and the corresponding strain

Product of strain and youngs modulus of the material

The maximum strain multiplied by the length of the member.

Ans: (b)

117. Strain energy in torsion of a shaft per unit volume is given by (q is

maximum shear stress, E-modulus of elasticity and G is modulus of

rigidity)

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

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MODULE-17C

118. Creep is the gradual increase of

a)

b)

c)

d)

Elastic strain with time at constant load

Plastic strain with time at varying load

Elastic strain with time at varying load

Ans: (b)

119. The ratio of tensile stress developed in the wall of a boiler in the

longitudinal direction to the tensile stress in the circumferential

direction due to an internal pressure is

a)

c)

b) 2

d)

Ans:

Ratio=

120. In a two dimensional stress system, the two principal stresses are of

180

(tensile) and (compressive). For the material, yield

stress in simple tension and compression is 240

and Poissons

ratio is 0.25. according to maximum normal strain theory, the value of

at which yielding will commence, is

a) 240

b) 180

c) 195

d) 200

Ans:

180+0.25

240N/

121. Which of the following points are considered while deriving the

formula

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Type of material

Transverse shear force

The stresses in the remaining principal direction.

Linear variation of strain

a)

1,2 and 4

c) 4 and 5

b) 2,3 and 5

d) 1 and 3

Ans: (c)

122. A beam has a triangular cross-section having base 40mm and altitude

60mm. if this section is subjected to a shear force of 36000N, the

maximum shear stress in the cross-section would be

JH ACADEMY

Page 36

MODULE-17C

a)

60N/

b) 36N/

c)

45N/

d) 30N/

Ans:

45N/

123. A rectangular beam of width 200mm and depth 300mm is subjected to a

shear force of 200KN. The maximum shear stress produced in the beam

is

a)

10.0MPa

b) 7.5MPa

c)

5.0MPa

d) 3.33MPa

Ans:

Mohrs circle is used to determine the stress on an oblique section of a

body subjected to

1. Direct tensile stress on one plane accompanied by a shear stress

2. Direct tensile stress in two mutually perpendicular directions

accompanied by a simple shear stress.

3. Direct tensile stress in two mutually perpendicular directions.

4. A simple shear stress

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a)

1 and 4

c) 1,2,3 and 4

b) 2 and 3

d) 1,2 and 3

Ans: (c)

125. A bar of square cross-section, having an area of cross-section A is

subjected to a compressive force P as shown in the figure

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

126. The bulk modulus of elasticity of a material is twice its modulus of

rigidity. The Poissons ratio of the material is

JH ACADEMY

Page 37

MODULE-17C

a)

Ans:

(

127. And are two equal tensile principal stresses. On the plane AB

inclined at

to the plane of as shown in the figure below,

a)

b)

c)

d)

The normal stress is zero

The shear stress is zero

The normal stress is maximum

Ans: (c)

128. Creep of a material is a property indicated by

a)

b)

c)

d)

Elongation of the material due to changes in the material properties

Shortening caused by shrinkage of the member

The decrease in the volume of the material affected by the weather

conditions.

Ans: (a)

129. Resilience is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Recoverable strain energy

Total potential energy

Shear strain energy( beyond Hookes law)

Ans: (a)

130. A member having length L, cross-sectional area A and modulus of

elasticity E is subjected to an axial load W. the strain energy stored in

this member is

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

Page 38

MODULE-17C

131. Match List-I(material) with List-II(properties) and select the correct

answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

A. Isotropic

B. Homogeneous

C. Visco-elastic

D. Brittle

List-II

1.

2.

3.

4.

No plastic zone

Identical properties in all directions

Similar properties throughout the volume

Codes:

a)

b)

c)

d)

3

4

3

4

1

1

4

3

2

2

1

2

4

3

2

1

Ans: (c)

132. The material in which large deformation is possible before the absolute

failure or rupture is termed as

a)

Brittle

b) elastic

c)

Ductile

d) plastic

Ans: (c)

133. The shear stress distribution for a rectangular section under the action

of shear force S is shown below. The rectangular section is

.

Select the correct shear stress distribution from the following:

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

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MODULE-17C

134. As per the elastic theory of design, the factor of safety is the ratio of

a)

b)

c)

d)

Yield stress to working stress

Ultimate stress to working stress

Ultimate load to load at yield.

Ans: (b)

135. The principal strains at a point are +800

cm/cm, +400

cm/cm and -1200

cm/cm. the volumetric strain is equal to

a)

b)

c)

d)

+1200

+800

-1200

Zero

cm/cm

cm/cm

cm/cm

Ans:

= 800

400

-1200

=0

136. The radius of Mohrs circle is zero when the state of stress is such that

a) Shear stress is zero

b) There is pure shear

c) There is no shear stress but identical direct stresses in two mutually

perpendicular directions.

d) There is no shear stress but equal direct stresses, opposite in nature,

in two mutually perpendicular directions

Ans: (c)

137. The given figure shows the stress condition of an element. The principal

stresses are

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

138. If the principal stresses at a point in a stressed body are 150KN/

tensile and 50KN/

compressive, then the maximum shear stress at

this point will be

JH ACADEMY

Page 40

MODULE-17C

a)

100KN/

b) 150KN/

c)

200KN/

d) 250KN/

Ans:

(

= 100KN/

139. In the Mohrs circle for strains, radius of Mohrs circle gives the

a)

b)

c)

d)

Maximum value of normal strain

Maximum value of shear strain

Half of maximum value of shear strain

Ans: (d)

140. A brass bar of solid section is encased in a steel tube as shown in the

diagram below.

C and the

-6

coefficient of expansion brass is 16.5 x 10

C .the composite bar is

heated through

C. now consider the following statements:

1. The stress in the brass will be tensile

2. The stress in the steel will be tensile

3. The stress in the steel will be compressive

4. The stress in the brass will be compressive.

Which of these statements are correct?

a)

1 and 2

b) 1 and 3

c)

2 and 4

d) 2 and 3

Ans: (c)

141. For the plane stress situation shown in the diagram below, what is the

maximum shear stress?

a)

b)

c)

d)

clockwise

Zero, at all positions of orientation of X and Y axes

20MPa, at all positions of orientation of X and Y axes

-20MPa, when X and Y axes are rotated

anticlockwise.

JH ACADEMY

Page 41

MODULE-17C

Ans:

=

3.0KN/ tensile and

=7.0 KN/ compressive as shown in the

diagram below:

normal to the plane AB. what is the normal stress ?

a) +0.5KN/

b) -1.5KN/

c)

+2.0KN/

to the

d) -2.5KN/

Ans:

+

cos 2

cos

+0.5KN/

143. A thin wooden plate PQRS is made by gluing two pieces of wood along

PR as shown in the diagram below.

the surface PR?

a) -10MPa

b) -20MPa

c) 10MPa

d) 20MPa

Ans:

+

cos 2

cos

JH ACADEMY

Page 42

MODULE-17C

144. In a plane strain condition in the XY plane, the strain components

associated with XY axes are

=800

,

=100

. What are the principal strains of these strain values?

a)

b)

c)

d)

981

891

881

839

,

,

,

,

Ans: (b)

145. In a plane strain case in the XY plane, normal strain in X and Y

directions are equal to zero and shear strain is equal to 3

. What

is the value of diameter of Mohrs circle of strain for these strain

values?

a)

b)

c)

d)

6

3

1.5

Zero

Ans: (c)

are the principal stresses (in MN/ ) and their orientation with x and y

axes?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

( )

Principal stresses =

=

( )

=20

MN/

MN/

;

;

JH ACADEMY

Page 43

MODULE-17C

147. A thin rod 10mm diameter is subjected to a tensile force of 7850N.

What are the principal stresses and maximum shear stresses and

maximum shear stress?

a)

b)

c)

d)

100MPa, zero, 50MPa

100MPa, 50MPa, 25MPa

100MPa,zero,zero

Ans:

Area =

Normal Stress=2

=2

Principal stress =

Maximum shear stresses=

148.

What is the radius of Mohrs circle in terms of these stresses?

a)

b)

+

(

d) (

c)

Ans: (c)

149. Consider the following statements:

Assertion (A):A plane stress system consists of two principal stresses

and

and a plane strain system consists of two principal strains

= /E and = /E. both the systems are identical.

Reason(R): stress is proportional to strain. Of these statements

) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

) Both A and R is true but R is not a correct explanation of A

) A is true but R is false

) A is false but R is true

Ans: (d)

150. The maximum shear stress produced in a shaft is 5N/

. The shaft is

of 40mm diameter. What is the approximate value of twisting moment?

a)

628N-m

b) 63N-m

c)

126N-m

d) 251N-m

JH ACADEMY

Page 44

MODULE-17C

Ans:

T=

151. At a certain point in a structural member, there are perpendicular

stresses 80N/

and 20N/

, both tensile. What is the equivalent

stress in simple tension, according to the maximum principal strain

theory? (Poissons ratio= 0.25)

a)

Zero

b) 20N/

c)

60 N/

d) 75N/

Ans:

According to the maximum principal strain theory,

Equivalent stress in simple tension,

=

=80-0.25

75N/

, and

the normal strain in X and Y direction= 0.for this state of strain, what is

the diameter of the Mohrs circle of strain?

a)

b) 8

c) 12

d) 24

Ans:

Diameter of the Mohrs circle of strain=

q= 12

153. At a certain point in a strained material, there are two mutually

perpendicular stresses =100N/

(tensile) and =

50N/

(compressive).

[Notation: tension (+); compression (-)]

What are the values of the principal stresses in N/

a)

100,-50

b) -100,50

c)

75,-25

d) -75,25

at that point?

Ans:

(

=

=

=

N/

JH ACADEMY

N/

Page 45

MODULE-17C

154. For a state of plane stresses

and

.

What are the values of the maximum inplane shearing stresses and

absolute maximum shearing stress?

a) (

)MPa

b) (

)MPa

c) (

)MPa

d) (

)MPa

Ans: (a)

155. What is the ratio of maximum shear stress to average shear stress for a

circular section?

a) 2

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

156. If the youngs modulus E is equal to the bulk modulus K , then what

is the value of the Poissons ratio?

a)

b) c)

d)

Ans:

(

(

)

)

157. What is the total strain energy of a member subjected to an axial stress f

(E= youngs modulus)?

a)

( )

b) ( )

volume of bar

volume of bar

( )

volume of bar

d) ( )

volume of bar

c)

Ans: (a)

158. If G is the modulus of rigidity, E the modulus of elasticity and

Poissons ratio for a material, then what is the expression for G?

a)

G=

c)

G=

b) G =

d) G =

the

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

Page 46

MODULE-17C

159. A bar of 40mm diameter and 400mm length is subjected to an axial

load of 100KN. It elongates by 0.150mm and the diameter decreases by

0.005mm. What is the Poissons ratio of the material of the bar?

a)

0.25

b) 0.28

c) 0.33

d) 0.37

Ans:

(

= 0.33

160. The Mohrs circle given above corresponds to which one of the

following stress conditions

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

Page 47

MODULE-17C

161. A horizontal beam shown in the figure given below is subjected to

transverse loading. Which one of the following diagrams represents the

distribution of shear force along the cross-section?

Ans: (b)

JH ACADEMY

Page 48

MODULE-17C

162. Which one of the following diagrams indicates the shear distribution for

the beam as shown in the figure below?

Ans: (a)

horizontal as shown in the figure below. It is subjected to a vertical

shear force acting along the depth of cross section. Maximum shear

stress across the depth of cross-section occurs at a depth x from the

top. What is the value of x?

a)

x=0

c) x = (3/4)D

b) x = (2/3) D

d) x = D

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

Page 49

MODULE-17C

164. In a two-dimensional stress system, the two principal stresses are =

180N/

(tensile), and

which is compressive. For the material

yield stress in simple tension and compression is 240N/

and

Poissons ratio is 0.25. According to maximum normal strain theory, for

what values of , shall yielding commence?

a) 240N/

c) 195N/

b) 180N/

d) 200N/

Ans:

(

is opposite, therefore

240N/

165. If and

are the principal stress at a point in a strained material with

Youngs modulus E and Poissons ratio 1/m, then what is the principal

strain?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

166. If the maximum principal stress for an element under bi-axial stress

situation is 100MPa (tensile) and the maximum shear stress is also

100MPa, then what is the other principal stress?

a)

b)

c)

d)

200MPa(tensile)

200MPa(compressive)

100MPa(compressive)

Zero

Ans: (c)

167. What is the correct sequence of the following metals in the decreasing

order of their Poissons ratio?

1.

2.

3.

Aluminum

Cast iron

Steel

a)

c)

1-2-3

1-3-2

b) 2-1-3

d) 3-1-2

Ans: (c)

168. A steel rod, 100mm long is held between two rigid supports. It is heated

by

C. if the coefficient of thermal expansion of the material of the

rod is 15

C and modulus of elasticity is 200

MN/ ,

what is the stress in the rod?

a)

20MN/

b) 40MN/

c) 60MN/

d) 80MN/

JH ACADEMY

Page 50

MODULE-17C

Ans:

Stress =

= 15

200

= 60MN/

169. An element is subjected to stress as given below.

a) 2.5MPa

b) 5MPa

c) 10MPa

d) 15MPa

Ans:

5MPa

170. If modulus of elasticity of a material is 189.8GN/

and its Poissons

ratio is 0.30, what is the approximate value of shear modulus of the

material?

a)

73GN/

b) 93.3GN/

c) 103.9GN/

d) 123.3GN/

Ans:

E=

171. A 20cm long

thick is bent

displacement

computations,

the rod?

a)

G= 73GN/

rod of uniform rectangular section, 8mm wide 1.2mm

into the form of a circular arc resulting in a central

of 0.8cm. Neglecting second-order quantities in

what is the longitudinal surface strain (approximate) in

7.2

c) 9.6

b) 8.4

d) 10.8

Ans: (c)

172. Mohrs stress circle helps in determining which of the following?

1. Normal stresses on one plane.

2. Normal and tangential stresses on two planes

3. Principal stresses in all three directions

4. Inclination of principal planes.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

JH ACADEMY

Page 51

MODULE-17C

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 3 and 4 only

d) 2 and 4 only

Ans: (d)

173. Consider the following statements:

Mohrs strain circle can be drawn

1. For plane stress conditions

2. If strains in three directions are known

3. If strains on two mutually perpendicular planes are known

Which of these statements are correct?

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1 and 3 only

Ans: (d)

174. What is the angle between principal stresses and maximum shear strain

axis?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

175. In a strained material, the principal stresses in x and y directions in the

x and y directions are 100N/

(tensile) and 60N/

(compressive).

On an inclined plane, the normal to which makes an angle

to the xaxis, what is the tangential stress in N/

?

a)

c)

b)

60

d) 40

Ans:

sin 2 =

[ (

)]

shear stress to yield stress of material does the yielding of the material

take place?

a)

c) 1/

b) 2/

d)

Ans: (d)

JH ACADEMY

Page 52

MODULE-17C

177. At what value of the ultimate shear strength, shall the material under the

action of uniform axial tension fail due to shear?

a)

b)

c)

d)

< 0.7 times the ultimate tensile strength

= ultimate tensile strength

> the ultimate tensile strength

Ans: (c)

178. The value of modulus of elasticity for a material is 200GN/

Poissons ratio is 0.25. What is its modulus of rigidity?

a)

250GN/

and

b) 320GN/

c) 125GN/

d) 80GN/

Ans:

G=

80GN/

179. A stepped column carries loads as show below. What is the max normal

stress in the column at B in the larger diameter column?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (c)

180. What is the nature of stress in a ceiling fan rod?

a)

Bending

c) Compressive

b) tensile

d) shear

Ans: (d)

181. What is the diameter of Mohrs circle of stress for the state of stress

shown below?

JH ACADEMY

Page 53

MODULE-17C

a)

20

c) 10

b) 10

d) zero

Ans:

Radius=

182. If a body carries two unlike principal stresses, what is the maximum

shear stress?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Half the sum of the magnitude of principal stresses.

Difference of the magnitude of principal stresses

Sum of the magnitude of principal stresses

Ans:

shearing strain?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (b)

184. A circular shaft is subjected to a bending moment

and a twisting

moment . What is the ratio of maximum shear stress and the

maximum bending stress?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

=

185. A square steel bar of 50mm side and 5m long is subjected to a load

where upon it absorbs strain energy of 100J. What is its modulus of

resilience?

JH ACADEMY

Page 54

MODULE-17C

a)

N-mm/

b) 125

c)

/N-mm

N-mm/

d) 100

/N-mm

Ans: (a)

186. A solid metal bar of uniform sectional area throughout its length hangs

vertically from its upper end. Details of the bar are: length =6m,

material density = 8

N/

and 2

N/

. What will be

the total elongation of the bar in mm?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

Total elongation by self-weight =

=

)(

tensile force. The extension in rod is 0.09mm and change in diameter is

0.0045mm. What is the Poissons ratio of the material of the rod?

a)

0.30

b) 0.32

c)

0.33

d) 0.35

Ans:

In longitudinal direction, =

=

Poissons ratio equal to 0.3, what is the modulus of rigidity?

a)

74.0GPa

b) 80.0GPa

c)

100.0GPa

d) 128.5GPa

Ans:

G=

= 80 GPa

the minimum value of its bulk modulus of elasticity?

a)

b)

JH ACADEMY

c)

d)

Page 55

MODULE-17C

Ans:

K=

= KN/

tensile (normal)

=

= KN/ (shearing)

Although the values of and are not known yet the principal stresses

are equal to each other being (5KN/ ). What is the radius of Mohrs

circle?

a) 2.5 + (

c) zero

b) 2.5+

d) 2.5

Ans:

Radius of Mohrs circle =

191. What is the radius of Mohrs circle in case of bi-axial state of stress?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Half the difference of the two principal stresses

Difference of the two principal stresses

Sum of the two principal stresses.

Ans: (b)

192. A mild steel bar of square cross-section 25mm 25mm is 1m long. It is

subjected to bi-axial stresses

= 480N/

(tension) and

=

400N/

(compression). E= 2

N/

, = 0.3, what is the

elongation of the bar in mm in x direction?

a)

1.0 b) 1.5

c) 2.0

d) 3.0

Ans:

Elongation in x-direction = [

=

JH ACADEMY

)]

Page 56

MODULE-17C

193. Figure below shows a state of plane stress.

of ?

a) 30MN/

b) 68MN/

c) 98MN/

d) 105MN/

Ans:

Here,

56MN/

(

(

-7 =

MN/

(Tensile)

194. The details of the principal stresses at a certain point in a steel member

are as follows:

Major Principal Stress =180N/

(tensile)

Major Principal Stress is compressive. If the uniaxial tensile yield

stress is 240N/

at which yielding will commence?

a)

120 tension

b) 90 tension

c) 80 compression

d) 60 compression

JH ACADEMY

Page 57

MODULE-17C

Ans:

180-(- )

180+

60 (compression)

195. An element of a structure is subjected to two principal stresses

and .

= 200N/

(tensile)

Is compressive

The yield stress both in simple tension and compression for the material

is 240N/

, Poissons ratio =0.25; what is the value of

in

N/

as per maximum normal strain theory at which the yield of

material will commence?

a)

240

b) 200

c) 180

d) 160

Ans:

(

)=

=240

Compressive

196. A timber beam is 100mm wide and 150mm deep. The beam is simply

supported and carries a central concentrated load W. if the maximum

stress in shear is 2N/

, what would be the corresponding load W on

the beam?

a)

20KN

c) 40KN

b) 30KN

d) 25KN

Ans:

Maximum stress in shear = 2N/

Average stress =

N/

At section AC, Shear load =

W = 40 KN

197. A 40mm diameter shaft is subjected to a twisting moment . If shear

stress developed in shaft is 5N/

, what is the value of the twisting

moment?

JH ACADEMY

Page 58

MODULE-17C

a)

628.8N-m

c) 62.8N-m

b) 328.4N-m

d) 30.4N-m

Ans:

T=

= 62,83N-m

over a length

of 1m. The maximum shear stress induced is 120N/

and the

modulus of rigidity of the shaft material is 0.8

N/

. What is

the radius of the shaft?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

=

L= 1nm

199. A mild steel rod tapers uniformly from 30mm diameter to 12mm

diameter in a length of 300mm. the rod is subjected to an axial load of

12KN.E= 2

N/

. What is the extension of the rod in mm?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

Extension of tapered road =

=

JH ACADEMY

Page 59

MODULE-17C

200. Poissons ratio is defined as the ratio of

a)

b)

c)

d)

Lateral strain and longitudinal strain

Longitudinal stress and lateral stress

Lateral stress and longitudinal stress

Ans: (b)

201. A solid shaft rotating at 180rpm is subjected to a mean torque of

5000N-m. What is the power transmitted by the shaft in KW?

a)

25

c) 60

b) 20

d) 30

Ans:

stress , which is the maximum principal value in the material. The

corresponding diameter of the shaft should be

a)

c)

b)

d)

Ans: (d)

203. A simply supported beam of T-section is subjected to a uniformly

distributed load acting vertically downward. Its neutral axis is located at

25mm from the top of the flange and the total depth of the section is

100mm. the ratio of maximum tensile stress to maximum compressive

stress in the beam is

a)

2.0

b) 2.5

c) 3.0

d) 4.0

Ans: (c)

204. A two-dimensional stress system has like stresses = 100N/

and

= 200N/

in two mutually perpendicular directions. The x, y, coordinates of the center of the Mohrs circle are

a)

(0,150)

b) (150,0)

c)

(-50,0)

d) (50,0)

Ans: (b)

JH ACADEMY

Page 60

MODULE-17C

205. Consider the following statements for a beam of rectangular crosssection and uniform flexural rigidity EI subjected to pure bending:

1. The bending stresses have the maximum magnitude at the top and

bottom of the cross-section.

2. The bending stresses vary linearly through the depth of the crosssection.

3. The bending stresses vary parabolically through the depth of crosssection.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

a)

1,2 and 3

c) 2 only

b) 1 only

d) 1 and 2 only

Ans: (d)

206. The Limit of proportionality in the material of a structural steel

member, when subjected to simple tension, is 280N/

. The

principal in the member are

= 122N/

(tensile) and

=

60N/

(compressive). = 0.3. according to maximum strain theory,

the factor of safety is

a)

2.5

b) 1.5

c) 2

d) 3

Ans: (c)

207. A square element is subjected to principal stresses in N/

as shown

in figure below. The intensity of normal stress

on plane BD is

a)

200

c) 200

b) 100

d) 0

Ans: (d)

JH ACADEMY

Page 61

MODULE-17C

208. Consider the following statements:

If there is a state of pure shear at a point then

1. The Mohrs circle is tangential to the y-axis.

2. Thecentre of the Mohrs circle coincides with the origin

3. Unlike principal stresses are each numerically equal to

4. Principal stresses are like

Which of these statements is/are correct?

a)

1 only

c) 2 and 3

b) 1 and 2

d) 3 and 4

Ans: (c)

209. A point in two-dimensional stress state subjected to biaxial stress is

shown in the figure below. What is the normal stress acting

on the plane AB?

a)

Zero

c)

b)

d)

Ans: (b)

210. Assertion (A): The principal of superposition is valid whenever the

strain or stress to be obtained is directly proportional to the applied

loads.

Reason(R): strain energy depends on the product of stress and strain.

Codes:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true

Ans: (b)

211. Which of the following theories of failure is most appropriate for a

brittle material?

a)

b)

c)

d)

Maximum principal stress theory

Maximum shear stress theory

Maximum strain energy theory

Ans: (b)

JH ACADEMY

Page 62

MODULE-17C

212. In a strained material, the principal stresses in the x and y directions

respectively are 100N/

(tensile) and 60N/

(compressive). On

an inclined plane, the normal to which makes an angle of

to the Xaxis, the major principal stress, in N/

, would be

a) 60

b) 80

c) 20

d) 40

Ans: (a)

213. Which one of the following statements is correct?

A) Principal stress is defined as the shear stresses on planes on which

the normal stress is maximum or minimum.

B) The centre of Mohrs for a two-dimensional stress system always

lies in the y-axis(adopting conventional axes notation)

C) The plane of maximum shear stress is inclined to the plane of

principal stress at an angle

D) In case of biaxial state of normal stresses, the normal stresses on

plane is equal to the sum of normal stresses.

Ans: (c)

214. Consider the following statements:

1. Failure occurs beyond elastic limit

2. Rupture takes place immediately after elastic limit.

3. Permanent set occurs beyond elastic limit.

Which of these are considered in the theories of failure?

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1 and 2 only

Ans: (b)

215. Consider the following salient points in a stress-strain curve of a mild

steel bar:

1. Yield point

2. Breaking point

3. Yield plateau

4. Proportionality limit

5. Ultimate point

The correct sequence in which they occur while testing they occur

while testing the mild steel bar in tension from initial zero strain to

failure is

a) 4,1,2,3 and 5

b) 1,4,3, 5 and 2

c) 4,1,3,5 and 2

d) 1,4,2,3 and 5

Ans: (c)

JH ACADEMY

Page 63

MODULE-17C

216. Assertion(A): a material is incompressible if its Poissons ratio is 0.5

Reason(R): the bulk modulus K is related to modulus K is related to

modulus of elasticity E and to Poissons ratio

as per well known

relationship

a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true R is not the correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true

Ans: (b)

217. If A= cross sectional area

E= Youngs modulus of elasticity

G= modulus of rigidity

I= moment of inertia

J= polar moment of inertia

Then Torsional rigidity is given by

a)

AE

b) GE

c) EI

d) GJ

Ans: (d)

218. If a material has identical elastic properties in all directions, it is said to

be

a) Elastic

b) Isotropic

c)

Orthotropic

d) Homogeneous

Ans: (b)

219. Two circular mild steel bars A and B of equal lengths l have diameters

= 2cm and = 3cm. each is subjected to a tensile load of magnitude

P. the ratio of the elongations of the bars is

a)

2/ 3

c) 4/ 9

b) 3/ 4

d) 9/4

Ans:

JH ACADEMY

Page 64

MODULE-17C

220. In a two dimensional stress system, the radius of the Mohrs circle

represents

a)

b)

c)

d)

Minimum normal stress

Minimum shear stress

Maximum shear stress

Ans: (d)

221.

with

accompanied by shear stress

at a point in the x-y plane. If

it is observed that the minimum principal stress on a certain section is

zero, then

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans: (a)

222. Steel has proportionally limit of 300MPA in simple tension. It is

subjected to principal stresses of 120MPa (tensile), 60MPa (tensile) and

30MPa (compressive). What is the factor of safety according to

maximum stress theory?

a) 1.5

c) 1.8

b) 1.75

d) 2.0

Ans: (d)

223. A cylindrical shell of 100cm diameter made of mild steel is to be

subjected to an internal pressure of 10kg/

. If the material yields at a

stress of 200Kg/

,assuming factor of safety as 4 and using maximum

principal stress theory, the requisite thickness of the plate will be

a)

8cm

b) 10cm

c) 12cm

d) 15cm

Ans: (b)

JH ACADEMY

Page 65

MODULE-17C

224. According to maximum shear stress failure theory, yielding occurs in

the material when

a)

b)

c)

d)

Max. shear stress=2 times yield stress

Max. shear stress =1/2 of yield stress

Max. shear stress= times yield stress

Ans: (c)

225. A simply supported beam of span L carries a concentrated load W at its

mid-span. If the width b of the beam is constant throughout the span,

then, with permissible stress as , the depth of the beam at mid-span

will be

a)

b)

c)

d)

Ans:

force of 60KN. The corresponding maximum shear stress in the crosssection is 4N/

. The depth of the beam should be

a)

200mm

c) 100mm

b) 150mm

d) 225mm

Ans:

d= 225 mm

produces a maximum shear stress in the shaft. The diameter of the

shaft will be

a)

c)

JH ACADEMY

b)

d)

Page 66

MODULE-17C

Ans:

JH ACADEMY

Page 67

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