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Dynamics

1.1-1

BASIC ANALYSIS

1.1

1.1-2

1.1-3

Model Description:

The loading applied to the model is a single sine pulse of amplitude 50 lb and frequency 250 Hz

applied to a point at the top of the slot with the edge of the circular hole constrained. Critical damping of 5% is assumed.

BASIC ANALYSIS

In this example, the model previously used for normal modes analysis (bracket model) will be used,

with different constraints, for direct transient analysis. The steps below describe how to read, edit,

analyze and post-process the model.

1.1-4

Exercise Procedure:

1. Start MSC/NASTRAN for Windows 3.0.2 by double-clicking on the MSC/NASTRAN for Windows icon.

When the Open Model File dialog box appears; select bracket.mod in the examples directory. This

is a database containing the model to be analyzed in this example.

bracket.mod

File name:

Open

Since the model file in this example will be edited and changed, the database should be saved under

a different name and directory (a TEMP directory for example).

File/Save As...

bckt_trn

File name:

Save

2.

material properties) except it is desired that alternate loading and constraints be

applied.

Delete all current loading and constraint sets.

Delete/Model/Load - Set...

Select All

OK

Yes

Delete/Model/Constraint - Set...

Select All

OK

Yes

View/Regenerate

(Ctrl+G)

3.

1.1-5

Model/Constraint/Nodal...

OK

You will now constrain all the nodes around the circular hole in all degrees of freedom. Select all

the nodes that make up the circular hole (Nodes 45-52).

ID:

45

to:

52

OK

Fixed

OK

Cancel

Rotate the model for a better view.

View/Rotate...

Dimetric

OK

Your model should look similar to the following.

by:

BASIC ANALYSIS

Constraint_1

Title:

1.1-6

4.

A single sine pulse load, of magnitude 50 lb in the z-direction, at a frequency of 250 Hz will be

applied at Node 56 (at the top of the slot).

First the temporal aspects of the loading have to be defined as a time function.

Model/Function...

Title:

Type:

1..vs. Time

Data Entry:

Equation

Delta X:

(0.004/8)

X:

0.0

Y:

sin(360*250*!x)

To X:

0.004

More

Clicking on More creates 8 xy coordinates of a single sine curve (the minimum number recommended), of unit amplitude, between 0.0 and 0.004 seconds (which is 250Hz). Note that the

calculator function is used for both Delta X and Y, and the x variable (!x) is used to define the Y

coordinates.

Your screen should have the following dialog box.

1.1-7

It is important to remember that MSC/NASTRAN will interpolate and extrapolate between these

curve coordinates, so a further set of coordinates has to be added to "zero" the curve at the end of

the sine pulse.

Single Value

X:

0.005

Y:

0.0

OK

Cancel

This final set of coordinates will be added to the others.

5.

To verify that the defined function has been correctly entered, do the following:

View/Select...

XY Style:

XY of Function

Model Data...

Function/Select:

OK

OK

An xy-plot of the function will now appear showing the sine pulse leveling to Y=0.

BASIC ANALYSIS

Data Entry:

1.1-8

View/Select...

Draw Model

Model Style:

OK

6.

Model/Load/Nodal...

ID:

Title:

Load at Node 56

OK

Pick Node 56 (top of slot) from the graphics screen.

OK

Highlight Force from the load type list.

Load:

Load/Function Dependence:

FZ

Value:

50.0

1.1-9

BASIC ANALYSIS

OK

Cancel

The above two steps have created a single sine pulse load of amplitude 50 lb in the z-direction

applied to Node 56.

7.

Model/Load/Dynamic Analysis...

Solution Method:

Direct Transient

0.1

255

Number of Steps:

99

0.00025

Output Interval:

1.1-10

OK

With the overall structural damping coefficient set to 0.1, 5% equivalent viscous damping will be

calculated (G = 2*(critical damping ratio)). The equivalent viscous damping conversion is calculated at a frequency of 255 Hz (note that Hz are the required units here) - the fundamental bending

mode of this structure (this value would be obtained in a prior normal modes analysis). This is the

frequency at which the structure is likely to be excited by the transient applied loading and is also

the mode of vibration in which most of the mass is participating.

The time step is set to 0.00025 seconds allowing 16 time steps for the load period (0.004 seconds),

this is also close to the primary frequency of the structure. This allows adequate coverage for the

expected response of the structure. The total number of steps, set to 99, governs the total time span

of the analysis ((99+1)*0.00025=0.025 seconds). The output interval of 1 will create output sets for

every single time step for post processing - in other words, smooth xy plots will be obtained in the

post-processing phase!

8.

With all the required input created the model can now be analyzed.

File/Analyze...

Analysis Type:

Additional Info:

OK

Run Analysis

1.1-11

Yes

Continue

9.

Upon successful completion of the analysis, the results are read into the database, and can be

viewed.

View/Select...

XY Style:

XY vs Set Value

XY Data...

Category:

0..Any Output

Type:

0..Value or Magnitude

Output Set:

1..MSC/NASTRAN Case 1

Output Vector:

4.. T3 Translation

Output Location/Node:

56

BASIC ANALYSIS

your screen, and the Message Review form will appear. To read the message(s), you could select

Show Details. Since the analysis ran smoothly, we will not bother with the details this time.

1.1-12

OK

OK

The z-displacement response of Node 56 will now appear as an xy-plot similar to the following:

View/Options...

Category:

PostProcessing

Options:

XY X Range/Grid

2..Max Min

Minimum:

Maximum:

0.008

OK

The resulting plot should look similar to the following:

The maximum deflection from the resulting xy plot is -0.288 in at 0.004 seconds. Compare this to a

static deflection (due to a 50 lb load applied at the same point) of -0.12 is obtained from a prior

static analysis of this structure. This increase in the deflection is due to the dynamic amplification

effect of the applied load.

File/Exit

When asked of you wish to save the model, select Yes.

Yes

BASIC ANALYSIS

Axis Range:

1.1-13

1.1-14

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