Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

IUPAC nomenclature rules

Consider the longest chain in the compound. Identify the parent name of the
Number the chain so that the functional group or alkene or alkyne and the
substituents get the first (lowest) priority (if possible).
Identify the substituents and their positions.
Assemble the substituents and the positions along with the parent name. This
gives the IUPAC name of the compound.

The structure of 2-methyl-4-pentyne is as follows:

Here, the longest chain is five membered with a triple bond. Hence, the name
Numbering starts from the triple bond.
There is a methyl group at C4.
Assemble the substituents with position and the root word.
Therefore, the name of the compound will rather be 4-methyl-1-pentyne.