Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

College of Arts and Sciences Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics Physics Program

General Physics for Engineering II PHYS 193 Spring 2015

  • 1 st April 2015

Instructor: Dr. A. Shalaby

Student Name:

Student ID:

Section number:

EXAM 1

College of Arts and Sciences Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics Physics Program General Physics for
100
100

Please read the following instructions carefully before you start answering

  • 1. Make sure that you have 10 pages including two parts, A and B. Part A consists of 9 multiple choice questions, and part B consists of 3 problems.

  • 2. Calculators are permitted but no electronic dictionaries or mobile phones.

  • 3. All your work must be done on your exam paper; no loose papers are allowed.

  • 4. This is a timed exam (120 min). Do not spend too much time on any particular question.

 

Useful Formulae

 

Useful Constants

 

|

|

,

|

|

,

ke = 9.0 10 9 N.m 2 /C 2 0 = 8.85 10 -12 C 2 /N.m 2

 

,

,

g = 9.8 m/s 2

 

,

∫ ⃗

,

∮ ⃗

e = 1.60 10 -19 C me = 9.1 10 -31 kg

 

,

,

mp = 1.67 10 -27 kg

 

,

,

Best Wishes

1
1
54
54

Part A. Please choose the one alternative that best completes the statements or answers the questions, circle your choice using pen and justify your choice.

Make sure that only ONE of the alternatives is chosen for each question. Two answers to one question will result in loss of the mark of that question.

  • 1. The average distance of the electron from the proton in the hydrogen atom is 0.51 10 10 m. What is the electric field from the proton’s charge at the location of the electron? (k e = 8.99 10 9 Nm 2 /C 2 , e = 1.6 10 19 C)

    • a. 5.5 10 11 N/C

    • b. 1.0 10 6 N/C

    • c. 3.2 10 2 N/C

    • d. 8.8 10 8 N/C

Justification:
Justification:
  • 2. Four charges are at the corners of a square, with B and C on opposite corners. Charges A and D, on the other two corners, have equal charge, while both B and C have a charge of +1.0 C. What is the charge on A so that the force on B is zero?

A

54 Part A. Please choose the one alternative that best completes the statements or answers the
  • a) 1.0 C

  • b) 0.50 C

  • c) 0.35 C

  • d) 0.71 C

C

+1 Coul

54 Part A. Please choose the one alternative that best completes the statements or answers the

B

54 Part A. Please choose the one alternative that best completes the statements or answers the

+1 Coul

D

54 Part A. Please choose the one alternative that best completes the statements or answers the
Justification:
Justification:
  • 3. Two large, flat, horizontally oriented plates are parallel to each other, a distance d apart. Half way between the two plates the electric field has magnitude E. If the separation of the plates is reduced to d/2 what is the magnitude of the electric field half way between the plates?

E/2

  • a) Justification:

  • b) 4E

  • c) 2E

  • d) 0

  • e) E

2
2
54 Part A. Please choose the one alternative that best completes the statements or answers the

4.

An uncharged conductor has a hollow cavity inside of it. Within this cavity there is a charge of +10 µC that does not touch the conductor. There are no other charges in the vicinity. Which statement about this conductor is true? (There may be more than one correct choice.)

  • a) The inner and outer surfaces of the conductor each contain charges of -5 µC.

  • b) Both surfaces of the conductor carry no excess charge because the conductor is uncharged.

  • c) The net electric field within the material of the conductor points away from the +10 µC charge.

  • d) The outer surface of the conductor contains +10 µC of charge and the inner surface contains -10 µC.

  • e) The inner surface of the conductor carries a charge of -10 µC and its outer surface carries no excess charge.

Justification:
Justification:
  • 5. Under electrostatic conditions, the electric field just outside the surface of any charged conductor

    • a) is always zero because the electric field is zero inside conductors.

    • b) can have nonzero components perpendicular to and parallel to the surface of the conductor.

    • c) is always perpendicular to the surface of the conductor.

    • d) is always parallel to the surface.

    • e) is perpendicular to the surface of the conductor only if it is a sphere, a cylinder, or a flat sheet.

Justification:
Justification:
  • 6. Consider a spherical Gaussian surface of radius R centered at the origin. A charge Q is placed inside the sphere. Where should the charge be located to maximize the magnitude of the flux of the electric field through the Gaussian surface?

    • a. at x = R/2, y = 0, z = 0

    • b. at x = 0, y = R/2, z = 0

    • c. at the origin

    • d. at x = 0, y = 0, z = R/2

    • e. The flux does not depend on the position of the charge as long as it is inside the sphere

3
3
Justification:
Justification:
Justification: 7. The graph in the figure shows the variation of the electric potential V (measured
  • 7. The graph in the figure shows the variation of the electric potential V (measured in volts) as a function of the radial direction r (measured in meters). For which range or value of r is the magnitude of the electric field the largest?

    • a) A) from r = 0 m to r = 3 m

    • b) B) from r = 3 m to r = 4 m

    • c) C) from r = 4 m to r = 6 m

    • d) D) at r = 3 m

    • e) E) at r = 4 m

Justification: 7. The graph in the figure shows the variation of the electric potential V (measured
  • 8. Suppose a region of space has a uniform electric field, directed towards the right, as shown in the figure. Which statement about the electric potential is true?

4
4
a) The potential at points A and B are equal, and the potential at point C
  • a) The potential at points A and B are equal, and the potential at point C is higher than the potential at point A.

  • b) The potential at all three locations (A, B, C) is the same because the field is uniform.

  • c) The potential at point A is the highest, the potential at point B is the second highest, and the potential at point C is the lowest.

  • d) The potential at points A and B are equal, and the potential at point C is lower than the potential at point A.

a) The potential at points A and B are equal, and the potential at point C
  • 9. A +4.0 μC-point charge and a -4.0-μC point charge are placed as shown in the figure. What is the potential difference, V A - V B , between points A and B? (k = 1/4πε 0 = 8.99 × 10 9 N ∙ m 2 /C 2 )

    • a) 48 V

    • b) 96 kV

    • c) C) 96 V

    • d) D) 0.00 V

    • e) E) 48 kV

a) The potential at points A and B are equal, and the potential at point C
Justification:
Justification:
5
5

Part B. Please solve the following problems using pen and showing all the steps of your work in a clear tidy way.

46
46

1. Two 1.20-m non-conducting wires meet at a right angle. One segment carries + 2.50µC of charge distributed uniformly along its length, and the other carries -2.50 µC distributed uniformly along it, as shown in Fig. Find the magnitude and direction of the electric field these wires produce at point P, which is 60.0 cm from each wire.

Part B. Please solve the following problems using pen and showing all the steps of your
6
6

2.

A solid conducting sphere with radius R that carries positive charge Q is concentric with a very thin insulating shell of radius 2R that also carries charge Q. The charge Q is distributed uniformly

over the insulating shell. (a) Find the electric field

in each of the regions

7
7
  • 3. The charge Q on the rod of Fig. has a non-uniform linear charge distribution (=a x, where a is a constant), V for points along the y axis.

Determine the potential

3. The charge Q on the rod of Fig. has a non-uniform linear charge distribution 
10
10

Solutions

Part A

  • 1. (a) E =

    • 1 1:60217733 10

19

4 8:854187817 10 12

) 2 = 5: 536 2 10 11 N=C

(0:51 10 10

(1)

  • 2. (c)

F x =

F y =

kq

(1) + k (1) (1) 1

Solutions Part A 1. (a) E = 1 1 : 60217733 10 19 4 8 :

a 2

a p 2 2

p 2

kq (1) +

k (1) (1) 1

Solutions Part A 1. (a) E = 1 1 : 60217733 10 19 4 8 :

a 2

a p 2 2

p 2

= 0

= 0

q = 0:35

(2)

  • 3. (e)

  • 4. (d)

  • 5. (c)

  • 6. (e)

  • 7. (b)

E =

E =

dV

4

+ 4

=

dr

4

3

= 8N=C

(3)

(4)

  • 8. (d)

b

V b V a = Z ! E ! dl

a

(5)

  • 9. (b) V A V B =

4 10 6

4 8:854187817 10 12 0:3

4 10 6

4 8:854187817 10 12 p 0:3 2 + 0:4 2

4 10 6

4 8:854187817 10 12 p 0:3 2 + 0:4 2

6

4 8:854187817 10 12 0:3

4 10

= 95 868 ' 96KV

(6)

===========================================================

Part B

1

  • 1. Both segments will have the Öelds;

E

+

=

kQ

y p a 2 + y 2 |;^ y = 0:6m;

a = 0:6m

E

=

kQ

x

p a 2

+ x 2 ^{; x = 0:6m;

a = 0:6

E =

q E + + E 2 =

2

2:5 10 6

4 8:854187817 10 12

1 + x 2 p 2 = 62414N=C x p a 2
1
+ x 2 p 2 = 62414N=C
x
p a 2

tan ( ) = 1 ) = 135

(7)

  • 2. Solution;

1. Both segments will have the Öelds; E = kQ y a + y |; ^

V

=

=

=

=

=

=

l

k Z

l

dq

r

l

k Z

l

ax

(x 2 + y 2 )

1

2

dx

ak

2

l

Z

l

2x

(x 2 + y 2 )

1

2

dx

ak

2

Z

du

u

1

2

;

u = x 2 + y 2

ak p x 2 + y 2 j l

l

0

(8)

2