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4G

1:

RSRP range

Value range is -44dBm to -140dBm


2:

CQI Range

15 to 0
3:

RSRQ range

-3 to -19.5dB

4: Does UE support 64Qam in UL


Till now no ue cat support 64QAM but in future release it will suport

5 : if the eNodeB power is 40W , 60w, or 80W what will be the


Reference signal power
Formula=

10.log(20W/600) 20 is watt and 600 are the subcarrier in 10 MHZ band

Total power-10log(resource block*subcarrier)+10log(pb+1)


PB(value) 0,1,2,3

18.2 dBm 21.2 dBm 23.2 dBm

6: PCI Range
0. 503
0.1.2 are primary sequence
And 168 secondary sequence number

6 : What is PCI collision and confusion


If same pci shared by many cell this is called pci collision
And confusion occur if detective cell and neighboring cell have same PCI

7 : Does soft handover exist in lte

In LTE its a kind of hard handover

8: how can measure downlink interference


BBP traces are used to measure downlink interference

9: CSSR formula
RRC+S1 Sig+Erab (Setup Success)/ RRC+S1 Sig+Erab (Setup Attempts)

10: user throughput formula


DL transfer Volume/Time

11: what is ERAB added


The first message sent by MME at the first time of connection
And after this which RABS are added are called erab added

12: what is the best value of RSSI(RB interference)


-117dBm to -115dBm is good and up to -113dBm is acceptable

13 : PUCCH and PUSCh nominal power can we change it (-100db,


-62db)
PUCCH Nominal Power is -105dBm
PUSCh Nominal Power is -67dBm
If we change it it will increase the interference
But if the cell boundary is high then we can change it

14 : resection parameter
SintraSearch, hysteresis, offset, time to trigger

15 : redirection parameter
A1= -110dBm, A2= -114dBm, B1=-103dBm
Can we modify A2=-114 to -118 what will be the impact
If we modify it
RBLER, IBlER, Downlink retransmission and drop will be increase

15 : Cause of drop call and how to improve


Poor downlink quality
Due to handover failure
Drop due to ue issue (limited by TX power)
Due to PCI pollution
Drop due to poor uplink quality (external interference )
Drop due to random access problem

16: if DT team feedback the dl speed is low, how you support DT team to
troubleshooting for this issue?
Bler
CQI reporting parameter modulation scheme
Downlink interference
Low demand
Scheduler limitation
Mimo Parameter
VSWR and Backhaul issues

17: Use of event A1,A3,B2


Event A1 (Serving becomes better than threshold)
Event A3 (Neighbour becomes offset better than PCell)
Event B2 (PCell becomes worse than threshold1 and interRAT neighbour becomes better
than thrreshold2)
18: Function of SIB4 and SIB7
Sib4 for intra frequency handover and IRAT handover
Carries GSM neighbouring cell info for handover

19: How can we calculate LTE DL/UL throughput?

Lets assume channel bandwidth = 20MHz


One radio sub frame have
=14 OFDMA symbol

Subcarriers
Modulation Scheme 64 QAM
So throughput
//
//
//
So with 4X4 Mimo
Throughput
25% overhead

= 1200
=6bits
=1200*14*6
=100800 bits
=100800/1ms
=100.8Mbs
=108*4
=403
=403*.75
=302Mbs

20: CSFB message call terminating


MME to UE Nas cs service notification
UE to MME Extended service request
MME to eNodeB UE context modification request and response from eNodeB
NodeB to UE RRC connection release with redirect
21 How does Timing Advance (TA) works in LTE?
In LTE, when UE wish to establish RRC connection with eNB, it transmits a Random Access
Preamble, eNB estimates the transmission timing of the terminal based on this. Now eNB transmits
a Random Access Response which consists of timing advance command, based on that UE adjusts
the terminal transmit timing.
The timing advance is initiated from E-UTRAN with MAC message that implies and adjustment of
the timing advance
There are 0 to 11 index most used 0,1,2,3 inder and the distance will be 1kilometer

22: WHT is CFI


Control format indicator
It tells how many OFDMA symbol are used to carrying control channels (PDCCH and PHICH) at
each subframe
If it is 1 mean 1 symbol

If it is 2 mean 2 symbol
If it is 3 mean 3 symbol
And there are 4 cfi format these symbol are carried on PCFICH channels because these are 31 bit
data

23: Call Flow


24: What is the difference between CFRA and CBRA?
CFRA Contention FREE Random Access Preamble reserved Used
for Handover between cells and Downlink data transfer requiring UE
synchronization
CBRA Contention BASED Random Access Preamble randomly selected used
for Initial network access, Access following a radio link failure,
Handover between cells, Downlink data transfer requiring UE
synchronization, Uplink data transfer requiring UE synchronization
Total 64 rach preamble are available
And 838 rachrootsequence

25 : How many resource elements are used to carry reference signals?


8 RE's are used to carry reference signals and 16 RE's used when 2 antenna
ports are in used. To allow the UE to distinguish between the anttena ports
reference signals are staggred in time with transmission suspended alternatively
on each antenna port when the other is transmitting.
26: x2 handover procedure
27 : RRC failure reason
RRC failures because of RACH failure
RRC Connection Reject
RRC Re-establishment Reject.
RRC Failures due to Timer Expires
28 : RLC retransmission threshold

It is 32 but we can change it to 16 or 8


Throughput will be increase
Reestablish time will be increase
MME release increase
16 should be deployed if our network is meture z
29 : does CSFB required for SMS
SMS is delivered over let and doesnt require CSFB. This is achieved by using
SMS via Sgs which enables the ability for a LTE registered subscriber to have
SMS delivered via the lte RAN.
30: Feature trial
ICIC
PDCP discard timer
Max ue retransmission threshold
Preamble power ramping

3G
Does handover possible in DC-HSPA
No UE will come on lower channel and then will handover
what is different for soft and softer handover?
Within the same frequency the handover within the cell is called softer handover
Handover within the same frequency from node to node is called soft
What use of 2D 2F event

These events are used for IRAT handover and inter frequency handover
what used for compress mode?
When UE wants handover to other frequency or other technology its goes
idle for some time period and it analyze the other technology or
frequency that idle period is called compressed mode
How to get uplink 5.76Mbps?which feature need open?
2 ms tti
How to get downlink 42Mbps?which feature need open?
DC-HSPA
How to check missing neighbor cell?
Using omstar
From dt if a cell has good value and is in detective neighbor but cant
handover
What is signal strom
Due to a lot of apps if any message comes it will creat signal strom for example on
face book any message
What is EFD
Enhansed fast dormancy
This technology was introduced to 3G UMTS to save the current
consumption of the device by switching between different mobile device
activities states on the air interface. When transferring data, the
mobile is in cell_DCH state and uses the high speed channels to
transmit and receive data.
The UE sends a Signalling Connection Release Indication (SCRI) message
to RNC without IE SCRI Cause. By doing this the UE requests a
release of signalling connections and move to Cell_Idle state. Then
network puts the connection in idle state in which the physical
connection is removed while the IP address is kept.
While the handsets in idle state then there is a delay up to 2.5s to
establish a channel to do data exchange. But in cell_PCH the downlink
does not have to be observed continuously, only the paging channel
must be checked every now and then to make sure incoming connections
can be established. So this state is efficient as staying in idle
state and the signalling connections stays in place. And the delay to
establish a channel to do data exchange is only 0.9s.