Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

Thursday 22/02/07

The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 1


Continuous dynamical systems
Flows
Orbits
Special solutions: Equilibria or fixed points, Periodic orbits
Discrete dynamical systems
Maps
Special solutions: Fixed points, Periodic orbits
Stability of fixed points
Phase portraits
Attractors - Basins of attraction
Limit sets
Separatrices

References for this class


[1] R. H. Abraham and C. D. Shaw. Dynamics - The geometry of Behavior, Part I: Periodic Behavior.
Aerial Press, 1989.
[2] V. I. Arnold. Ordinary Differential Equations. Springer, 1992.
[3] D. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. Dynamical Systems. Chapman Hall/CRC Mathematics, 1992.
[4] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[5] M. W. Hirsch and S. Smale. Differential equations, Dynamical Systems and Linear Algebra. Academic
Press, 1974.
[6] S. Wiggins. Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos. Springer, 1990.

February 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki

Tuesday 27/02/07
The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 2
Definition of Attractors - revised
The linear system x = Ax, A in Rn
Phase portraits in R2 :
sinks
sources
saddles
centers
Linear Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems near fixed points
Hartman - Grobman Theorem
Example: An introduction to Lotka - Volterra model of competition between two species

References for this class


[1] D. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. Dynamical Systems. Chapman Hall/CRC Mathematics, 1992.
[2] A. Beuter, L. Glass, M. C. Mackey, and M. S. Titcombe (Eds). Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology
and Medicine (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics). Springer, 2003.
[3] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[4] M. W. Hirsch and S. Smale. Differential equations, Dynamical Systems and Linear Algebra. Academic
Press, 1974.
[5] S. H. Strogatz. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Westview Press, 1994.
[6] S. Wiggins. Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos. Springer, 1990.

February 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki

Thursday 01/03/07
The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 3
Invariant linear subspaces of the system x = Ax in Rn
Example: Lotka - Volterra model of competition between two species
x = f (x) in Rn : Stable manifold theorem for a fixed hyperbolic point
Example: A simplification of the bistability of ventricular fibrillation: The double well
Example: The planar pendulum without friction

References for this class


[1] D. K. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. Dynamical Systems. Chapman Hall/CRC Mathematics, 1992.
[2] A. Beuter, L. Glass, M. C. Mackey, and M. S. Titcombe (Eds). Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology
and Medicine (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics). Springer, 2003.
[3] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[4] M. W. Hirsch and S. Smale. Differential equations, Dynamical Systems and Linear Algebra. Academic
Press, 1974.
[5] S. H. Strogatz. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Westview Press, 1994.
[6] S. Wiggins. Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos. Springer, 1990.

March 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki

Tuesday 06/03/07
The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 4
Example: The damped planar pendulum
Saddle-node bifurcation in one-dimensional systems
Saddle-node bifurcation in two-dimensional systems
Saddle-node bifurcation of limit cycles

References for this class


[1] A. Beuter, L. Glass, M. C. Mackey, and M. S. Titcombe (Eds). Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology
and Medicine (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics). Springer, 2003.
[2] P. Glendinning. Stability, Instability and Chaos. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
[3] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[4] M. W. Hirsch and S. Smale. Differential equations, Dynamical Systems and Linear Algebra. Academic
Press, 1974.
[5] S. H. Strogatz. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Westview Press, 1994.
[6] S. Wiggins. Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos. Springer, 1990.

March 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki

Thursday 08/03/07
The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 5
Transcritical bifurcation in one-dimensional systems
Transcritical bifurcation in two-dimensional systems
Saddle-node bifurcation in a model for a genetic control system
A few words about global bifurcation
saddle-node bifurcation on limit cycles
global bifurcation of saddle connections

References for this class


[1] D. K. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. Dynamical Systems. Chapman Hall/CRC Mathematics, 1992.
[2] A. Beuter, L. Glass, M. C. Mackey, and M. S. Titcombe (Eds). Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology
and Medicine (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics). Springer, 2003.
[3] P. Glendinning. Stability, Instability and Chaos. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
[4] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[5] S. H. Strogatz. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Westview Press, 1994.

March 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki

Tuesday 13/03/07
The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 6
Global bifurcation of saddle connections: appearance/dissapearance of periodic orbits
Pitchfork bifurcation (supercritical - subcritical)
Potentials - Bistability revised
Jumps and hysteresis
Bistability and hysteresis in visual perception

References for this class


[1] D. K. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. Dynamical Systems. Chapman Hall/CRC Mathematics, 1992.
[2] A. Beuter, L. Glass, M. C. Mackey, and M. S. Titcombe (Eds). Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology
and Medicine (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics). Springer, 2003.
[3] P. Glendinning. Stability, Instability and Chaos. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
[4] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[5] J. A. Scott Kelso. Dynamic Patterns: The self-organization of brain and behavior. MIT Press, 1995.
[6] S. H. Strogatz. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Westview Press, 1994.

March 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki

Thursday 15/03/07
The geometrical point of view of dynamical systems - 7
Hopf bifurcation
Poincare maps
Period-doubling bifurcation

References for this class


[1] R. H. Abraham and C. D. Shaw. Dynamics - The geometry of Behavior, Part II: Chaotic Behavior.
Aerial Press, 1989.
[2] K. T. Alligood, T. D. Sauer, and J. A. Yorke. Chaos. Springer, 1996.
[3] D. K. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. An Introduction to Dynamical Systems. Cambridge University
Press, 1990.
[4] D. K. Arrowsmith and C. M. Place. Dynamical Systems. Chapman Hall/CRC Mathematics, 1992.
[5] A. Beuter, L. Glass, M. C. Mackey, and M. S. Titcombe (Eds). Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology
and Medicine (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics). Springer, 2003.
[6] P. Glendinning. Stability, Instability and Chaos. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
[7] J. Guckenheimer and P. Holmes. Nonlinear Oscillations, Dynamical Systems, and Bifurcations of
Vector Fields. Springer, 1997.
[8] S. H. Strogatz. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Westview Press, 1994.
[9] S. Wiggins. Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos. Springer, 1990.

Further reading (Hopf bifurcation in systems physiology)


[10] J. Keener and J. Sneyd. Mathematical Physiology. Springer, 1998.
March 2007,
Maria Zakynthinaki