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KA378R12C

Low Dropout Voltage Regulator


Features

Description

The KA378R12C is a low-dropout voltage regulator suitable


for various electronic equipments. It provide constant
voltage power source with TO-220 4 lead full mold package.
Dropout voltage of KA378R12C is below 0.5V in full rated
current(3A). This regulator has various function such as
peak current protection, thermal shut down, overvoltage
protection and output disable function.

3A/12V Output Low Dropout Voltage Regulator


TO-220 Full-Mold Package (4Pin)
Overcurrent Protection, Thermal Shutdown
Overvoltage Protection, Short Circuit Protection
With Output Disable Function

TO-220F-4L

1. Vin 2. Vo 3. GND 4. Vdis

Internal Block Diagram

Vin

Q1

THERMAL SHUTDOWN

BANDGAP REFERENCE

Vo

OVERVOLTAGE
PROTECTION

+
R1

SOA PROTECTION

HIGH / LOW
Vdis

OUTPUT
ON / OFF

R2
1.4V

SHORT-CIRCUIT
SHORTCIRCUIT
PROTECTION

3
GND

Rev. 1.0.3
2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

KA378R12C

Absolute Maximum Ratings


Parameter

Symbol

Value

Unit

Remark

Input Voltage

Vin

35

Disable Voltage

Vdis

35

Output Current

Io

3.0

Power Dissipation 1

Pd1

1.5

No Heatsink

Power Dissipation 2

Pd2

15

With Heatsink

Tj

150

Operating Temperature

Topr

-20 ~ 80

Thermal Resistance, Junction-to Case(Note2)

Rjc

2.9

C/W

Thermal Shutdown Temperature

Ttsd

150

Storage Temperature

Tstg

-65 ~ 150

Junction Temperature

Electrical Characteristics
(Vin = 15V, Io = 1.5A, Ta = 25C, unless otherwise specified)
Parameter
Output Voltage

Symbol

Conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

Vo

11.7

12.0

12.3

Load Regulation

Rload

5mA < Io < 3A

0.1

2.0

Line Regulation

Rline

13V < Vin < 29V

0.5

2.5

Ripple Rejection Ratio

RR

Note1

45

55

dB

Dropout Voltage

Vdrop

Io = 3A

0.5

Disable Voltage High

VdisH

Output Active

2.0

Disable Voltage Low

VdisL

Output Disabled

0.8

Disable Bias Current High

IdisH

Vdis = 2.7V

20

Disable Bias Current Low

IdisL

Vdis = 0.4V

-0.4

mA

Io = 0A

10

mA

Quiescent Current

Iq

Note:
1.These parameters, although guaranteed, are not 100% tested in production.
2. Junction -to-case thermal resistance test environments.
-.Pneumatic heat sink fixture.
-.Clamping pressure 60psi through 12mm diameter cylinder.
-.Thermal grease applied between PKG and heat sink fixture

KA378R12C

Typical Performance Characteristics


17.5

100

Quiescent current Iq(mA)

80
RL=

10.0
RL=4

7.5
5.0
2.5

60

40

20

0
5

10

15

20

25

RL=

Figure 1. Output Voltage vs. Input Voltage

20

25

Figure 2. Quiescent Current vs. Input Voltage

17.5

12.06

15.0

12.04

12.5

12.02

Output voltage Vo(V)

Output voltage Vo(V)

15

Input voltage Vin (V)

Input voltage Vin (V)

10.0
7.5
5.0

12.00
11.98

11.96

11.94

2.5

11.92

0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

-25

25

75

50

100

125

Temperature Tj(oC)

Disable voltage Vdis (V)

Figure 3. Output Voltage vs. Disable Voltage

Figure 4. Output Voltage vs. Temperature(Tj)

0.6

Dropout voltage Vdrop(V)

10
8

Quiescent current Iq(mA)

10

12.5

Output voltage Vo(V)

15.0

0.5
0.4
Io=3A
0.3
2.0A
0.2

1.0A

0.1
0.5A

-25

25

50

75

Junction temperature Tj(oC)

100

125

Figure 5. Quiescent Current vs. Temperature(Tj)

0
-25

25

50

75

Junction temperature Tj(oC)

100

125

Figure 6. Dropout Voltage vs. Junction Temperature

KA378R12C

Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)


100

80

Relative output voltage(%)

Power dissipation PD(W)

20

15

10

60

40

20

0
-25

25

50

75

Temperature Ta(oC)

100

125

4.0

6.0

5.0

7.0

Output Voltage
Deviation (mV)

45

60
50

30
15
0

-15

40

-30
30
20

Tj = 25 oC
VIN = 14V
IO = 1.5A
VIN = 0.5Vrms

10
0

Input Voltage (V)

Ripple Rejection RR (dB)

3.0

Figure 8. Overcurrent Protection Characteristics


(Typical value)

70

0.1

10

100

Input Ripple Frequency (KHz)

Output Voltage
Deviation (V)

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
-0.5
-1.0
-1.5
-2.0
-2.5
3.0

10

20

30

14

13

15

25

35

Time (s)

Figure 9. Ripple Rejection vs. Input Ripple Frequency

Output Current (A)

2.0

Output Current(A)

Figure 7. Power Dissipation vs. Temperature(Ta)

40

Time (s)

Figure 11. Load Transient Response

1.0

Figure 10. Line Transient Response

45

KA378R12C

Typical Application

Vo

Vin
1

2
+

Ci

Co

RL

3
GND
4
Vdis
Disable Signal

Figure 1. Application Circuit

Ci is required if regulator is located an appreciable distance from power supply filter.


Co improves stability and transient response.(Co > 47F)

KA378R12C

Mechanical Dimensions
Package
Dimensions in millimeters

TO-220F-4L
4.50 0.20

3.20 0.20

(5.00)

2.80 0.20

6.50 0.20
(1.00)

(13.60)

(3.30)

10.30 0.30

1.25MIN

3-1.05MIN
3-1.30MAX

(45

15.70 0.20

(1.00)

15.60 0.20

3.40 0.10

10.00 0.20

1.50MAX
0.60 0.10
2.54TYP
[2.54 0.25]

1.50 0.20
+0.10

0.50 0.05
(1.19)

(7.62)

(1.19)

KA378R12C

Ordering Information
Product Number
KA378R12C

Package
TO-220F-4L

Operating Temperature
-20C to +80C

KA378R12C

DISCLAIMER
FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY
PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY
LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN; NEITHER
DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS, NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS.
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
FAIRCHILDS PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES
OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR
CORPORATION. As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems
which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body,
or (b) support or sustain life, and (c) whose failure to
perform when properly used in accordance with
instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be
reasonably expected to result in a significant injury of the
user.

2. A critical component in any component of a life support


device or system whose failure to perform can be
reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support
device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.

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2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

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