MEHB323 Heat Transfer
1.
The plane wall with constant properties and no internal heat generation is initially at a
uniform temperature Ti. Suddenly the surface at x = L is heated by a fluid at T having a
convection heat transfer coefficient h. The boundary at x = 0 is perfectly insulated.
(a) Write the differential equation, and identify the boundary and initial conditions that
could be used to determine the temperature as a function of position and time in the
wall.
( ) =

=
=

= [() ]
=
(, ) =
(b) On T  x coordinates, sketch the temperature distributions for the following conditions:
initial condition (t 0), steadystate condition (t ), and two intermediate times.
2.
Consider a spherical container of inner radius r1, outer radius r2, and thermal conductivity.
(a)
Derive a general relation for the temperature distribution, T(r) inside the shell under
steadystate condition.
(b)
( )
( ) +
Derive the general equation for the rate of heat transfer, q by using the relation
derived in part (a).
(c)
() =
= [
( )
The container is filled with radioactive waste which generates heat consistently. The
radii of the container are 8 cm and 10 cm with the thermal conductivity of the shell
material is 45 W/mK. If the inner and outer surface temperature of the shell are
200C and 80C, respectively, calculate the rate of heat generation in MW/m3.
= .
MEHB323 Heat Transfer
3.
The temperature distribution in a slab (kslab = 45 W/m.K) of 0.5 m in length is given by
T(x) = 100 + 200x 500x2, where x is in meters. Determine:
(a) Temperature at both endsurfaces.
T(x = 0) = 100C
T(x = 0.5) = 75C
(b) Heat flux at both endsurfaces.
"= =
"
=. =
(c) Volumetric heat generation inside the slab.
=
4.
Consider a long electrical wire of radius r1 and thermal conductivity of k1 in which
volumetric heat is generated uniformly at a constant rate as the result of resistance heating.
The wire is embedded in a plastic cover with thickness of t and thermal conductivity of k2.
The outer surface of the plastic cover loses heat to the ambient air at T and convection
heat transfer coefficient h. Assuming onedimensional steadystate heat conduction in the
radial direction,
(a) Write the simplified form of the heat equation for the plastic cover.
(
)=
(b) Express appropriate boundary conditions (in symbolic form) for the solution of the
equation in part (a).
At r = r1: =
At r = r2: 
= +
= [ ( + ) ]
(c) Express the equation for calculating maximum temperature inside the plastic cover.
12
r2
12
, = ( ) =
ln ( ) +
+
2
r1
2
5.
Heat is generated uniformly in a stainless steel plate having thermal conductivity of 20
W/mK. The thickness of the plate is 10 mm and heat generation rate is 500 MW/m3. Both
sides of the plate are maintained at 200C and 100C, respectively. Determine:
(a) The position and value of maximum temperature.
x = 0.0046 m (x = 0 on the left wall)
Tmax = 464.5C
(b) Heat transfer from the both sides of the plate.
"= = .
"
=. = .
MEHB323 Heat Transfer
6.
Consider a long electrical wire of radius r1 and thermal conductivity of k1 in which
volumetric heat is generated uniformly at a constant rate as the result of resistance heating.
The wire is embedded in a plastic cover with thickness of t and thermal conductivity of k2.
The outer surface of the plastic cover loses heat to the ambient air at T and convection
heat transfer coefficient h. The temperature at the plasticwire interface is known to be at
Tint. Assuming onedimensional steadystate heat conduction in the radial direction,
(a) Write the simplified form of the heat equation for the electrical wire.
(
) + =
(b) Express appropriate boundary conditions (in symbolic form) for the solution of the
equation in part (a).
At r = 0:
At r = r1: ( ) =
(c) Express the equation for calculating maximum temperature inside the electrical wire.
12
, = () =
+
41
7.
Onedimensional, steadystate conduction with uniform internal energy generation occurs
in a plane wall with a thickness of 60 mm and a constant thermal conductivity of 5 W/mK,
as shown in the figure below. The temperature distribution for these conditions had the
form T(x) = a + bx + cx2. The surface at x = 0 has a temperature of To = 150C and
experiences convention with a fluid at which T = 20C and h = 500 W/m2K.
Considering the surface at x = L to be wellinsulated, determine:
(a) The volumetric energy generation rate, (W/m3)
= .
(b) The coefficients a, b and c in the prescribed temperature distribution above.
a = 150C; b = 1.3104 K/W; c = 1.08105 K/m2