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Stevenson Screen

IB Economics
IGCSE-GCSE Economics
IB Environmental Studies
IB Geography

These are used to standardise the way that weather

temperatures are recorded around the world.
They are a white wooden box structure that is raised
120cm off the ground to reduce the effect of heat
radiated from the ground surface.

IGCSE-GCSE Geography

The white colour reflects sunlight and they have

slatted sides to allow air to flow through.

IGCSE History

Thermometers and hygrometers are kept in Stevenson

screens, barometers may also be placed in there to
shelter from the rain.

IGCSE Development

Figure 2.41: Stevenson Screen

Instruments for Measuring the Weather

You need to be able to describe how the different
types of weather are measured and give the units of
For each of the weather types below,
1. draw a simple diagram of the instrument
2. describe how the weather is measured
3. suggest a suitable location for the instrument.
Rainfall: rain guage, mm
Air pressure: barometer, mb
Wind speed: anemometer, km/hour
Wind direction: weather vane, compass
Temperature: thermometer (possible max-min),
Humidity: hygrometer, %
Cloud cover: eyes, oktas
Many weather recording instruments are now digital with the data being logged straight into spreadsheets.

Figure 2.42: Barometer

Figure 2.43: Max-Min Thermometer and Hygrometer

Cloud Types
There are several distinct cloud types that you should
be able to recognise and describe their characteristics.
Cirrus: high clouds that are thin and wispy, composed
of ice crystals (Fig 2.44).
Cumulonimbus: towering storm clouds with dark
bases and usually an anvil shaped top (Fig 2.48).
Cumulus: dense, mound shaped clouds with a darker
bottom (Fig 2.45).
Stratocumulus: common low lying cloud that appears
layered. Like flattened cumulus clouds (Fig 2.46).
Stratus: low, hazy, featureless clouds that often bring
light rain/drizzle (Fig 2.47).

Figure 2.44: Cirrus clouds

Figure 2.45: Cumulus clouds

Figure 2.46: Stratocumulus clouds

Figure 2.48: Cumulonimbus clouds

Figure 2.47: Stratus clouds


Climate Graphs
You should be able to accurately draw climate graphs
- remember to label the axis and give it an appropriate
You are expected to be able to read and interpret the
data shown in climate graphs and suggest reasons for
the trends shown.

Figure 2.49: Climate Graph