Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24

ASME PTB-4-2013

Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013


Table of contents
Table of contents ................................................................1
Comparison Overview* .............................................................2
4.4
Shells Under External Pressure and Allowable Compressive Stresses ...........3
Example E4.4.7- Conical Transitions without a Knuckle ..........................3
E4.4.7 Large End - LV Calculation* ...............................................5
E4.4.7 Large End/Line-of-support * ................................................7
E4.4.7 Small End - LV Calculation* ...............................................9
E4.4.7 Small End/Line-of-support* ...............................................11
Example E4.4.8 - Conical Transitions with a Knuckle ............................13
E4.4.8 Large and Small End - LV Calculation* ....................................14
Thickness of shells and tubes under external pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-28 and
Appendix I, 2013 Edition ........................................................16
Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition
................................................................................18
E4.4.8 Large End/Line-of-support* ...............................................20
Thickness of shells and tubes under external pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-28 and
Appendix I, 2013 Edition ........................................................22

Layout
Input values:
Calculated values:
Critical values:
Estimated values:

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

1.234
1.234
1.234
1.234

or
or
or
or

1.234
1.234
1.234
1.234

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
Comparison Overview*
Equation form
Comments
Results for example E4.4.7-8 acc. ASME and Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH
The LV-program uses formulas for thick cylinders acc. ASME VIII UG33 and
App.1.
Equations
Conversion factor
.
.
'Results Ex. E4.4.7 Large End LV and
Del acc.to LV = #85(5)
Del acc. to Asme = 1.75
Required area acc. LV
Required area ASME
Difference in %
Diff1
Required area acc. LV
Required area ASME
Difference in %
Diff2
Required moment of inertia acc.LV
Required moment of inertia acc.LV
Difference in %
Diff3
'Results Ex. E4.4.7 Small End LV and
Required area acc. LV
Required area ASME
Difference in %
Diff4
Required area acc. LV
Required area ASME
Difference in %
Diff5
Required moment of inertia acc.LV
Required moment of inertia acc.LV
Difference in %
Diff6 =

'Results Ex. E4.4.8 Large


Required moment of inertia
Required moment of inertia
Difference in %
Required moment of inertia
Required moment of inertia
Difference in %

mm2in = 0.03937

ASME

ArL = 0.00155*#103(5)
ArLAsme = 1.5622
= (ArL-ArLAsme)/ArLAsme*100
AeL = 0.00155*#105(5)
AeLAsme = 32.1407
= (AeL-AeLAsme)/AeLAsme*100
IsL= 0.000002407*#76(4)
IsAsme= 81.845
= (81.53-81.845)/81.845*100

1.836
1.75
1.565
1.562
0.174
32.14
32.14
-0.00028
81.53
81.85
-0.3849

ASME
ArS = 0.00155*#104(2)
ArSAsme = 1.1106
= (ArS-ArSAsme)/ArSAsme*100
Aes = 0.00155*#106(2)
AesAsme = 10.1129
= (Aes-AesAsme)/AesAsme*100
IsS= 0.000002407*#76(7)
IsAsme= 16.7632
(16.79-16.7632)/16.7632*100

1.11
1.111
-0.07735
9.936
10.11
-1.753
16.79
16.76
0.1599

End LV and ASME


acc.LV
Is= 0.000002407*#76(10)
acc.LV
IsAsme= 13.8199
Diff7 = (Is-IsAsme)/IsAsme*100
acc.LV
Is= 0.000002407*#77(10)
acc.LV
IsAsme= 17.7504
Diff7 = (Is-IsAsme)/IsAsme*100

14.09
13.82
1.969
18.1
17.75
1.969

'Maximum difference between LV and ASME


Dmax =
Max(|Diff1|;|Diff2|;|Diff3|;|Diff4|;|Diff5|,|Diff6|;|Diff7|)

Value
0.03937
0.00155
0.000002

1.969

Form for equations

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

4.4

Shells Under External Pressure and Allowable Compressive Stresses

Example E4.4.7- Conical Transitions without a Knuckle


Determine if the proposed large and small end cylinder-to-cone transitions are adequately designed
considering the following design conditions and applied forces and moments.

Vessel Data:
Material

SA-516, Grade 70, Norm

Design Conditions

-14.7 psig@300F

Inside Radius (Large End)

75.0 in

Thickness (Large End)

1.8125 in

45.0 in

Thickness (Small End)

1.125 in

Thickness (Conical Section)

1.9375 in

Length of Conical Section

78.0 in

Unsupported Length of Large Cylinder

732.0 in

Unsupported Length of Small Cylinder

636.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

=
Yield Strength
Modulus of Elasticity at Design Temperature =

33600 psi

Weld Joint Efficiency


One-Half Apex Angle (See E4.3.2)

=
=

1.0
21.0375 deg

Axial Force (Large End)


Net Section Bending Moment (Large End)

=
=
=

-99167 lbs
5.406E + 06 in- lbs
-78104/bs

4.301E +06 in-lbs

Inside Radius (Small End)

Axial Force (Small End)


Net Section Bending Moment (Small End)

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

28.3E + 06 psi

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Adjust variables for corrosion and determine outside dimensions.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.4.7 Large End - LV Calculation*
Area at the wide end of a cone-cylinder-juncture without knuckle
acc. App.1-8

Type of stiffener (0=none, 1=at cylinder, 2=at cone)


at cylinder
External design pressure
PD
14.7
Hydrostatic head
DP
0
Calculation pressure
P0
14.7
Calculation temperature
Axial load (for negative tension)

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
f1

14.7
0
14.7
300
497.1

psi
psi
psi
F
lbf/in

Cylinder:
Final wall thickness
t1
1.813 in
Wall thickness allowance
c1
0 in
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
0.125 in
Final thickness without allowances
ts:
1.688 in
Outside diameter
DL
153.6 in
Tip radius (= DL/2)
RL =
76.81 in
Required thickness without allowances (UG-28) t1r
0.9549 in
Required thickness with allowances (UG-28)
t1r+
1.08 in
Joint efficiency factor
E1
1 Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Allowable stress
Ss
20015 psi
Modulus of elasticity
Es
2.900E+7 psi
Cone:
Final wall thickness
t2
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
tc:
Semi aperture angle ( 60)

Required thickness without allowances (UG-33) t2r


Required thickness with allowances (UG-33)
t2r+
Joint efficiency factor
E2
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Allowable stress
Sc
Modulus of elasticity
Ec

20015
2.900E+7

psi
psi

Stiffening ring:
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Actual cross section of the stiffener
Allowable stress
Modulus of elasticity

34
20015
2.900E+7

in
psi
psi

Ar
Sr
Er

1.938 in
0 in
0.125 in
1.813 in
21.04
0.3639 in
0.4889 in
1 -

Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Results:
Factor ( 1)
Ratio
Angle
Effective load
Cross sectional area
Effective area

k
P0/SsE1
Del
QL
ArL
AeL

Required cross section of reinforcement


Remark:

1 = 0.000734 =
1.836
=
1062 lbf/in
=
1.565 in
=
32.14 in

Areq =

87.06 =

185.9

mm

Stiffening required acc. App. 1-8 (b)

Equations:
cos() = cos(

21.04 ) =

0.9333

tan() = tan(

21.04 ) =

0.3846

QL = P0*RL/2 + f1 =

ArL =

0.1014 *

k*QL*RL*tan()

1951 / 2 +

P0*RL - QL
*

1 -

Del
*

Ss*E1

4* QL
1 *

185.9 *

1951 *

1010

(1)

0.3846

ArL = =

*
138 *

0.1014 *
*

1951 -

1 -

185.9

1.836
*

4*

185.9

21.04

_______
AeL = 0.55 * (DL*ts) * ( ts + tc / cos() ) =
20736
_______________________
AeL = 0.55 * (
3902 *
42.86 ) * (
42.86 +
46.04 /

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

(2)
0.9333 )

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.4.7 Large End/Line-of-support *
Moment of inertia at the wide end of a cone-cylinder-juncture
under external pressure acc. App. 1-8 (Line-of-support)

External design pressure


PD
14.7
Hydrostatic head
DP
0
Calculation pressure
P0
14.7
Calculation temperature
Axial load (for negative tension)

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
f1

14.7
0
14.7
300
497.1

Cylinder:
Design wall thickness
t1
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
ts:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-28) t1r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-28)
t1r+
Outside diameter
DL
Tip radius (=DL/2)
RL
Buckl.length
LL

1.813
0
0.125
1.688
0.9549
1.08
153.6
76.81
732

in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in

Cone:
Design wall thickness
t2
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
tc:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-33) t2r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-33)
t2r+
Semi aperture angle ( 60)

Buckling length
LC

1.938
0
0.125
1.813
0.3639
0.4889
21.04
83.82

in
in
in
in
in
in

in

Stiffening ring:
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Spec. Min. Yield
Applicable material chart
Centre of gravity
Cross sectional area
Moment of inertia

Sy
Fig

psi
psi
psi
F
lbf/in

2.900E+7 psi
CS-2
-

e1
Ar
Ir

in
in
in^4

Results:
Equivalent length
Effective load
Reference area

M:
FL:
ATL:

Factor
Factor (see material chart)
Required moment of inertia
Required moment of inertia

B:
A:
Is:
I's:

Length of support
Available moment of inertia

.55* (D*ts):
I':

393.8
5980
693.6

in
lbf/in
in

993.4 psi
0.000070 81.38 in^4
104.5 in^4
8.856

in
in^4

Remark:

Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
tan() = tan(
cos() = cos(
sin() = sin(

21.04 ) =
21.04 ) =
21.04 ) =

0.3846
0.9333
0.359

RS = RL - LC * sin() =

M =

-RL*tan()

LL
+
2

1951 *

2129 *

10002

18593

0.3846

1951 -

+
2

FL = P0*M + f1*tan() =

0.1014*

ATL = LL*ts/2 + LC*tc/2 + As =

3
B =

FL*DL
*

ATL

10002 +

2129*

1047 *

1951 *

0.3846

87.06*

0.3846 =

1047

46.04/2 +

3902

*
4

3 *

447474

42.86/2 +

1172

18593*

1172

3*RL*tan()

M =

ATL =

0.359 =

RL - RS
+

2
-

1951 -

6.849

447474

Is = A*DL*ATL / 14.0 = 0.000070 *

3902 *

447474 /14.0 = 3.387E+7

I's = A*DL*ATL / 10.9 = 0.000070 *


3902 *
447474 / 10.9 = 4.350E+7
______
______________________
.55* (D*ts)
= 0.55 * (
3902 *
42.86 ) =
224.9

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.4.7 Small End - LV Calculation*
Area at the small end of a cone-cylinder-juncture without knuckle
acc. App.1-8

Type of stiffener (0=none, 1=at cylinder, 2=at cone)


no stiffener
External design pressure
PD
14.7
Hydrostatic head
DP
0
Calculation pressure
P0
14.7
Calculation temperature
Axial load (for negative tension)

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
f2

Cylinder:
Final wall thickness
t1
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
ts:
Outside diameter
DS
Tip radius (= DS/2)
RS:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-28) t1r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-28)
t1r+
Joint efficiency factor
E1
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Allowable stress
Ss
Modulus of elasticity
Es
Cone:
Final wall thickness
t2
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
tc:
Semi aperture angle ( 60)

Required thickness without allowances (UG-33) t2r


Required thickness with allowances (UG-33)
t2r+
Joint efficiency factor
E2
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Allowable stress
Sc
Modulus of elasticity
Ec
Stiffening ring:
Material:
Actual cross section of the stiffener
Allowable stress
Modulus of elasticity

14.7
0
14.7
300
913

psi
psi
psi
F
lbf/in

1.125 in
0 in
0.125 in
1 in
92.25 in
46.13 in
0.6718 in
0.7968 in
1 20015
2.900E+7

psi
psi

1.938 in
0 in
0.125 in
1.813 in
21.04
0.3639 in
0.4889 in
1 20015
2.900E+7

Ar
Sr
Er

psi
psi

in
psi
psi

Results:
Factor
Effective load
Cross sectional area
Effective area
Required cross section of the stiffener

1 1

k
QS =
ArS =
AeS =

1252
1.11
9.936

Areq =

lbf/in
in
in
mm

Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
cos() = cos(

21.04 ) =

0.9333

tan() = tan(

21.04 ) =

0.3846

QS = P0*RS/2 + f2 =

ArS =

k*QS*RS*tan()

0.1014 *

1*

1172 / 2 +

219.3*

159.9 =

1172*

219.3

0.3846
=

Ss*E1

138*

(3)

716

_____
AeS = 0.55 * DS*ts * [ ts-t + (tc-tr)/cos() ]
_____________________
AeS =
2343 *
6410 = 0.55 *
25.4 *
* [

25.4 -

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

17.06 + (

10

46.05 -

(4)

9.242 )/

0.9333 ]

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.4.7 Small End/Line-of-support*
Moment of inertia at the small end of a cone-cylinder-juncture
under external pressure acc. App.1-8 (Line-of-support)

External design pressure


PD
14.7
Hydrostatic head
DP
0
Calculation pressure
P0
14.7
Calculation temperature
Axial load (for negative tension)

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
f2

14.7
0
14.7
300
913

Cylinder:
Final wall thickness
t1
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
ts:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-28) t1r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-28)
t1r+
Outside diameter
DS
Tip radius (= DS/2)
RS
Buckl.length
LS

1.125
0
0.125
1
0.6718
0.7968
92.25
46.13
636

in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in

Cone:
Final wall thickness
t2
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
tc:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-33) t2r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-33)
t2r+
Semi-apex angle ( 60)

Buckling length
LC

1.938
0
0.125
1.813
0.3639
0.4889
21.04
83.82

in
in
in
in
in
in

in

Stiffening ring:
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Spec. Min. Yield
Applicable material chart
Centre of gravity
Cross sectional area
Moment of inertia

Sy
Fig

psi
psi
psi
F
lbf/in

2.900E+7 psi
CS-2
-

er
Ar
Ir

in
in
in^4

Results:
Equivalent length
Effective load
Reference area

N:
FS:
ATS:

Factor
Factor (see material chart)
Required moment of inertia
Required moment of inertia

B:
A:
Is:
I's:

Length of support
Available moment of inertia

.55* (D*ts):
I':

362.3
5677
394

in
lbf/in
in

997 psi
0.000070 16.76 in^4
21.53 in^4
5.283

in
in^4

Remark:

Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

11

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
tan() = tan(
cos() = cos(
sin() = sin(

21.04 ) =
21.04 ) =
21.04 ) =

0.3846
0.9333
0.359

RL = RS * LC * sin() =
RS*tan()

N =

LS
+

1172 +

1172 *

+
2

FS = P0*N + f2*tan() =

6 *

0.1014*

ATS = LS*ts/2 + LC*tc/2 + As =

FS*DS
*

A*DS*ATS
Is =

2129 *

994.3 *

0.3846

159.9*

0.3846 =

994.3

46.05 /2 +

2343
=

6.874

254182

0.000070 *

2343 *

254182

14.0

6975754

14.0

A*DS*ATS
I's =

1172 *

9203 +

ATS

1172

254182

25.4 /2 +

1952 +

B =

9203

16154

0.3846

16154 *

1952

6*RS*tan()

N =

ATS =

0.359 =

RL - RS
+

2129 *

0.000070 *

2343 *

254182

10.9
10.9
______
_______________________
.55* (D*ts) = 0.55 * (
2343 *
25.4 ) =

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

12

8959684

134.2

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Example E4.4.8 - Conical Transitions with a Knuckle


Determine if the proposed design for the large end of a cylinder-to-cone junction with a knuckle is
adequately designed considering the following design conditions and applied forces and moments.

Vessel Data:
Material
Design Conditions
Inside Diameter (Large End)

=
=

SA-516, Grade 70, Norm.


-14.7 psig@300F

120.0 in

Large End Thickness

1.0 in

Inside Diameter (Small End)

33.0 in

Small End Thickness

1.0 in

Knuckle Radius

10.0 in

Cone Thickness

1.0 in

Knuckle Thickness

1.0 in

Length of Conical Section

73.0 in

Unsupported Length of Large Cylinder

240.0 in

Unsupported Length of Small Cylinder

360.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.0 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

Yield Strength

33600 psi

Modulus of Elasticity at Design


Temperature
Weld Joint Efficiency
One-Half Apex Angle

28.3E +06 psi

=
=

1.0
30.0 deg

Axial Force (large End)

-10000 lbs

2.0E +06 in- lbs

Net Section Bending Moment (Large End)

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

13

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.4.8 Large and Small End - LV Calculation*
Conical shells under external pressure acc. UG-33(f)

External design pressure


Hydrostatic head
Calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

PD
DP
P0

14.7
0
14.7

psi
psi
psi

Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Spec. Min. Yield
Allowable stress
Applicable material chart
E-Modulus
Cone wall thickness with allowances
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Cone wall thickness without allowances
Is a cylinder connected, which does not act as
line of support?
Outside diameter ( wide end )
Knuckle radius ( wide end )
Outside diameter ( small end )
Knuckle radius ( small end )
Half apex angle ( 60)

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

14.7
0
14.7
300

psi
psi
psi
F

Sy
S0
Fig
E

37710
20015
CS-2
2.900E+7

psi
psi

t0
c1
c2
t:

1.938
0
0.125
1.813
N

DLs
r1
DSs
r2

psi
in
in
in
in
(Y/N)

153.6
0
92.25
0
21.04

in
in
in
in

Proof for cross-section area according to App. 1-8 required for cone-tocylinder junction without knuckle
Results:
Effective thickness te = t*cos()
Axial length of the cone
Design length
Ratio
Ratio
Factor according to fig. 5-UGO-28.0
Factor (see material chart)
Factor 2*Min(S0;.9*B)
Allowable external pressure ( for t0 )
Allowable pressure without hydrostatic head
Required thickness
( for P0 )
Required thickness incl. allowances

te:
L:
Le:
Le/DL:
DL/te:
A:
B:
S:
P:
MEP:
t:
t+c1+c2:

1.692 in
79.79 in
63.85 in
0.4156 90.81 0.004054 16850 psi
31589 psi
247.4
247.4
0.3664
0.4914

psi
psi
in
in

Remark:

Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

14

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
cos() = cos(
sin() = sin(
tan() = tan(

21.04 ) =
21.04 ) =
21.04 ) =

0.9333
0.359
0.3846

DL = DLs - r1*[1-cos()] =
DS = DSs + r2*[1-cos()] =
L = (DL-DS)/2*tan()
= (

3902 2343 +
3902 -

L1 = r1 * sin()
=
L2 = r2*(DSs/DLs)*sin() =
L3 = L/2*(DL+DS)/DLs
=

0 *
0.359 =
0 *
0.6005 *
2027/2*(
3902+

Le = L1 + L2 + L3
1) for DL/t0

0 *[10.9333 ] =
0 *[10.9333 ] =
2343 )/2*
0.3846 =

0 +

0
0.359 =
2343)/

0 +

3902
2343
2027

0
3902=

1622 =

1622

1622

10:

4*B
Pa(B) =

4 *

116.2

3 *

90.81

=
3*(DL/t0)

2*A*E

1.706

2 * 0.004054 *

Pa(E) =

199948

3*(DL/t0)

3 *

5.951

90.81

2) for DL/t0 < 10


2.167
Pa1 =

2.167
- 0.0833

*B =

- 0.0833

DL/t0

2*S
Pa2 =

1
*

DL/t0

116.2=

-6.905

4.744

90.81

1 -

2*

DL/t0

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

217.8

=
90.81

15

1 90.81

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
Thickness of shells and tubes under external pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-28 and
Appendix I, 2013 Edition
Cylindrical shells under external pressure
External design pressure
Hydrostatic head
Ext. calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

PD
DP
P0

14.7
0
14.7

psi
psi
psi

Outside diameter
Design wall thickness
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Buckling length
Material:

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

14.7
0
14.7
300

D0
te
c1
c2
L

153.6
1.813
0
0.125
732

Sy
S0
Fig
E

260
138

psi
psi
psi
F
in
in
in
in
in

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Spec. Min. Yield


Allowable stress
Applicable material chart
Modulus of elasticity

CS-2
195067

MPa
MPa
N/mm

Results:
Effective thickness
Ratio
Ratio

t0
L/D0
D0/t0

Factor according to ASME-IID\Table G


Factor (see material chart)
Factor 2*Min(S0;.9*B)
Required thickness
Required thickness incl. allowances
Allowable excess pressure
Allowable pressure without hydrostatic head

A
B
S
t
t+c1+c2
P
MAWP

1.688 in
4.765 91.03 0.000288 4141 psi
7454 psi
0.9549
1.08
59.74
59.74

in
in
psi
psi

Remark:

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

16

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
91.03

1) for D0/t0 =
Pa(B) = 4

Pa(B) = 4 *
Pa(E) = 2

10:
3

D0/t0

28.55 / (3 *
*

Pa(E) = 2* 0.000288*

2) for D0/t0 =

91.03) =
3

195067 / (3*

D0/t0

0.4182
)

91.03) =

0.4119

91.03 < 10

Pa1 = ( 2.167 / (D0/t0) - 0.0833 ) * B


Pa1 = ( 2.167/

91.03 - 0.0833 )*

28.55 =

-1.699

Pa2 = 2 * S / (D0/t0) * ( 1 - 1 / (D0/t0) )


Pa2 = 2*

51.39/

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

91.03 * (1-1/

17

91.03) =

1.117

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013
Edition
Conical shells under external pressure acc. UG-33(f)

External design pressure


Hydrostatic head
Calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

PD
DP
P0

19.53
0
19.53

psi
psi
psi

Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Spec. Min. Yield
Allowable stress
Applicable material chart
E-Modulus
Cone wall thickness with allowances
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Cone wall thickness without allowances
Is a cylinder connected, which does not act as
line of support?
Outside diameter ( wide end )
Knuckle radius ( wide end )
Outside diameter ( small end )
Knuckle radius ( small end )
Half apex angle ( 60)

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

19.53
0
19.53
300

psi
psi
psi
F

Sy
S0
Fig
E

37710
20015
CS-2
2.900E+7

psi
psi

t0
c1
c2
t:

1
0
0
1
N

DLs
r1
DSs
r2

psi
in
in
in
in
(Y/N)

122
10
35
10
30

in
in
in
in

Results:
Effective thickness te = t*cos()
Axial length of the cone
Design length
Ratio
Ratio
Factor according to fig. 5-UGO-28.0
Factor (see material chart)
Factor 2*Min(S0;.9*B)
Allowable external pressure ( for t0 )
Allowable pressure without hydrostatic head
Required thickness
( for P0 )
Required thickness incl. allowances

te:
L:
Le:
Le/DL:
DL/te:
A:
B:
S:
P:
MEP:
t:
t+c1+c2:

0.866 in
73.02 in
53.42 in
0.4427 139.3 0.001947 14826 psi
31589 psi
141.9
141.9
0.3558
0.3558

psi
psi
in
in

Remark:

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

18

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
cos() = cos(
sin() = sin(
tan() = tan(

30 ) =
30 ) =
30 ) =

0.866
0.5
0.5774

DL = DLs - r1*[1-cos()] =
DS = DSs + r2*[1-cos()] =
L = (DL-DS)/2*tan()
= (

3099 889 +
3065 -

L1 = r1 * sin()
=
L2 = r2*(DSs/DLs)*sin() =
L3 = L/2*(DL+DS)/DLs
=

254 *
0.5 =
254 *
0.2869 *
1855/2*(
3065+

Le = L1 + L2 + L3
1) for DL/t0

254 *[1254 *[1923 )/2*

127 +

0.866 ] =
0.866 ] =
0.5774 =

36.43 +

3065
923
1855

127
0.5 =
923)/

36.43
3099=

1193 =

1357

1193

10:

4*B
Pa(B) =

4 *

102.2

3 *

139.3

=
3*(DL/t0)

2*A*E

0.9783

2 * 0.001947 *

Pa(E) =

199948

3*(DL/t0)

3 *

1.862

139.3

2) for DL/t0 < 10


2.167
Pa1 =

2.167
- 0.0833

*B =

- 0.0833

DL/t0

2*S
Pa2 =

1
*

DL/t0

102.2=

-6.925

3.104

139.3

1 -

2*

DL/t0

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

217.8

=
139.3

19

1 139.3

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.4.8 Large End/Line-of-support*
Moment of inertia at the wide end of a cone-cylinder-juncture
under external pressure acc. App. 1-8 (Line-of-support)

External design pressure


PD
14.7
Hydrostatic head
DP
0
Calculation pressure
P0
14.7
Calculation temperature
Axial load (for negative tension)

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
f1

14.7
0
14.7
300
145

Cylinder:
Design wall thickness
t1
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
ts:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-28) t1r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-28)
t1r+
Outside diameter
DL
Tip radius (=DL/2)
RL
Buckl.length
LL

1
0
0
1
0.5205
0.5205
122
61
240

in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
in

Cone:
Design wall thickness
t2
Wall thickness allowance
c1
Allowance (corrosion)
c2
Final thickness without allowances
tc:
Required thickness without allowances (UG-33) t2r
Required thickness with allowances (UG-33)
t2r+
Semi aperture angle ( 60)

Buckling length
LC

1
0
0
1
0.3358
0.3358
30
84.98

in
in
in
in
in
in

in

Stiffening ring:
Material: K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:
Spec. Min. Yield
Applicable material chart
Centre of gravity
Cross sectional area
Moment of inertia

Sy
Fig

psi
psi
psi
F
lbf/in

2.900E+7 psi
CS-2
-

e1
Ar
Ir

in
in
in^4

Results:
Equivalent length
Effective load
Reference area

M:
FL:
ATL:

Factor
Factor (see material chart)
Required moment of inertia
Required moment of inertia

B:
A:
Is:
I's:

Length of support
Available moment of inertia

.55* (D*ts):
I':

Remark:

134.7
2064
162.5

in
lbf/in
in

1162 psi
0.000081 14.07 in^4
18.07 in^4
6.075

in
in^4

Stiffening required

Formed heads pressure on convex side ASME BPVC VIII UG-33 and APP. 1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

20

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
tan() = tan(
cos() = cos(
sin() = sin(

30 ) =
30 ) =
30 ) =

0.5774
0.866
0.5

RS = RL - LC * sin() =

M =

-RL*tan()

LL
+
2

1549 *

2158 *

3421

6096

0.5774
+

FL = P0*M + f1*tan() =

0.1014*

ATL = LL*ts/2 + LC*tc/2 + As =

3
B =

FL*DL
*

25.4/2 +

3
=

ATL

445

3 *

1549 *

0.5774

3421 +

25.39*

0.5774 =

2158*

361.4 *

25.4/2 +

3099
=

8.013

104831

Is = A*DL*ATL / 14.0 = 0.000081 *

3099 *

104831 /14.0 =

I's = A*DL*ATL / 10.9 = 0.000081 *


3099 *
104831 / 10.9 =
______
______________________
.55* (D*ts)
= 0.55 * (
3099 *
25.4 ) =
154.3

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

361.4

104831

*
4

1549 +

6096*

445

3*RL*tan()

M =

ATL =

0.5 =

RL - RS
+

2
-

1549 -

21

5854591
7519658

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013
Thickness of shells and tubes under external pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-28 and
Appendix I, 2013 Edition
Cylindrical shells under external pressure
External design pressure
Hydrostatic head
Ext. calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

PD
DP
P0

14.7
0
14.7

psi
psi
psi

Outside diameter
Design wall thickness
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Buckling length
Material:

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

14.7
0
14.7
300

psi
psi
psi
F

D0
te
c1
c2
L

122
1
0
0
240

in
in
in
in
in

Sy
S0
Fig
E

260
138

MPa
MPa

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Spec. Min. Yield


Allowable stress
Applicable material chart
Modulus of elasticity

CS-2
195067

N/mm

Results:
Effective thickness
Ratio
Ratio

t0
L/D0
D0/t0

Factor according to ASME-IID\Table G


Factor (see material chart)
Factor 2*Min(S0;.9*B)
Required thickness
Required thickness incl. allowances
Allowable excess pressure
Allowable pressure without hydrostatic head

A
B
S
t
t+c1+c2
P
MAWP

1 in
1.967 122 0.000484 6974 psi
12553 psi
0.5205
0.5205
74.89
74.89

in
in
psi
psi

Remark:

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

22

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
122

1) for D0/t0 =
Pa(B) = 4

Pa(B) = 4 *
Pa(E) = 2

10:
3

D0/t0

48.08 / (3 *
*

Pa(E) = 2* 0.000484*

2) for D0/t0 =

122) =
3

D0/t0

195067 / (3*

0.5255
)

122) =

0.5163

48.08 =

-3.151

122 < 10

Pa1 = ( 2.167 / (D0/t0) - 0.0833 ) * B


Pa1 = ( 2.167/

122 - 0.0833 )*

Pa2 = 2 * S / (D0/t0) * ( 1 - 1 / (D0/t0) )


Pa2 = 2*

86.55/

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

122 * (1-1/

23

122) =

1.407

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Examples E4.4.7- E4.4.8 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Appendix : Material documentation


Section no 2: Zylinder/UG33Section no 2: Kegel/UG33Section no 2: Versteifung/UG33Section no 3:
Verstrkung/UG33Section no 4: Zylinder/UG33Section no 4: Kegel/UG33Section no 5: Verstrkung/UG33Section no 6:
Boden/UG33Section no 7: Schale/UG28Section no 8: Boden/UG33Section no 9: Verstrkung/UG33Section no 10:
Schale/UG28
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-516
K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
Carbon steel

Design conditions and dimensions:


Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

148,8889
46,0375

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

1,013536
3902,07

Material values for test and design conditions:


Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
202
195,0667
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:


Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

K-values as function of the temperature


Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||138|138|138|138|136|128|101

K-values as function of the temperature


Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|67.1|33.6|12.9||||

Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:


Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----209|216|212|202|198|195|192|189|185|179|171|162|151|137

Coefficient of linear expansion:


Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

24

27-Feb-2014