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RD-Brescia 2016

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC DIE CASTING IN EUROPE HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF 1

ZINC DIE CASTING IN EUROPE

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC DIE CASTING IN EUROPE HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF 1

HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC DIE CASTING IN EUROPE HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF 1

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY HISTORY

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY HISTORY 2

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION THE BEGINNING 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000

THE BEGINNING

450000
450000
RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION THE BEGINNING 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000
RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION THE BEGINNING 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000
RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION THE BEGINNING 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000

400000

350000

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION THE BEGINNING 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 Source:

300000

250000

200000

THE BEGINNING 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 0 1945 1955

150000

100000

50000

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 0 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995

0

1945

1955

350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 0 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995

1965

1975

1985

1995

2005

2015

3

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

tons RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE DECLINE DUE TO PLASTIC 450000 400000 350000 300000

DECLINE DUE TO PLASTIC

2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE DECLINE DUE TO PLASTIC 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000
2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE DECLINE DUE TO PLASTIC 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000

450000

400000

350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

1945

1955

300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year 1985 1995

1965

300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year 1985 1995

1975

year

1985

1995

2005

2015

4

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

FIRST OIL CRISIS 450000 400000
FIRST OIL CRISIS
450000
400000

350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year 1985 1995

1945

1955

1965

1975

year

1985

1995

2005

2015

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE THE RECOVERY 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000

THE RECOVERY

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE THE RECOVERY 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000
450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 0 1945 1955 1965
450000
400000
350000
300000
250000
200000
150000
100000
50000
Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD
0
1945
1955
1965
1975
1985
1995
2005
2015

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

SECOND OIL CRISIS 450000 400000 350000
SECOND OIL CRISIS
450000
400000
350000
IN EUROPE SECOND OIL CRISIS 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source:

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

1945

1955

1965

1975

1985

1995

2005

2015

year

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

tons RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE NATURAL GROWTH OF EUROPE 450000 400000 350000 300000

NATURAL GROWTH OF EUROPE

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE NATURAL GROWTH OF EUROPE 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000

450000

400000

350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 year 1985 1995

1945

1955

1965

1975

year

1985

1995

2005

2015

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL 450000 400000 350000
FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL
450000
400000
350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975

50000

0

400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

1945

1955

1965

1975

1985

1995

2005

2015

year

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE TWO DECADES OF NATURAL GROWTH 450000 400000 3.5%pa 350000

TWO DECADES OF NATURAL GROWTH

ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE TWO DECADES OF NATURAL GROWTH 450000 400000 3.5%pa 350000 300000 250000 200000
450000 400000 3.5%pa 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 tons
450000
400000
3.5%pa
350000
300000
250000
200000
150000
100000
50000
0
tons
300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 tons 1945 1955 1965 1975 year 1985 1995 2005

1945

1955

1965

1975

year

1985

1995

2005

2015

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

tons RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE 9-11 EFFECT 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000

9-11 EFFECT

500000
500000
2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE 9-11 EFFECT 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000

450000

400000

350000

IN EUROPE 9-11 EFFECT 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 1940

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

EFFECT 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 1940 1950 1960 1970

50000

0

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

tons RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE FIRST FINANCIAL HICK UP 450000 400000 350000 300000

FIRST FINANCIAL HICK UP

450000
450000
ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE FIRST FINANCIAL HICK UP 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000

400000

350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985
400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985

Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD

1945

1955

1965

1975

1985

1995

2005

2015

year

300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Source: ZDA/SGM/EZI/IZA/SD 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005

2005
2010

1995
2000

1985
1990

1945
1950

1955
1960

1965
1970

1975
1980

2015

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE

1980 2015 RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS 500000 450000 400000 350000

THE FINANCIAL CRISIS

2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION IN EUROPE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000
500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Tons
500000
450000
400000
350000
300000
250000
200000
150000
100000
50000
0
Tons
EUROPE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Tons

year

EUROPE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS 500000 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 Tons

RD-Brescia 2016

ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION EUROPEAN RECOVERY AND SECOND CRISIS 14

EUROPEAN RECOVERY AND SECOND CRISIS

RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION EUROPEAN RECOVERY AND SECOND CRISIS 14
RD-Brescia 2016 ZINC ALLOY CONSUMPTION EUROPEAN RECOVERY AND SECOND CRISIS 14

GDP EUROPE

GDP EUROPE RD-Brescia 2016 15

RD-Brescia 2016

GDP EUROPE RD-Brescia 2016 15

BUSINESS CLIMAT

BUSINESS CLIMAT RD-Brescia 2016 16

RD-Brescia 2016

BUSINESS CLIMAT RD-Brescia 2016 16

BUILDING ACTIVITY

BUILDING ACTIVITY RD-Brescia 2016 17

RD-Brescia 2016

BUILDING ACTIVITY RD-Brescia 2016 17

RD-Brescia 2016

AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTION

Source : www.ACEA.be
Source : www.ACEA.be

RD-Brescia 2016

REGISTRATIONS 90MILJ IN THE WORLD

RD-Brescia 2016 REGISTRATIONS 90MILJ IN THE WORLD 19,3milj 2,6milj 19
19,3milj
19,3milj
2,6milj
2,6milj

RD-Brescia 2016

PROGNOSES IN EUROPEAN AUTOMOTIV INDUSTRY

RD-Brescia 2016 PROGNOSES IN EUROPEAN AUTOMOTIV INDUSTRY Today still a production capacity of more then 20

Today still a production capacity of more then 20 milj cars annually

Already overcapacities will be cut out in the next decade

Demographic figures show that 11 milj cars is sufficient for Europe in 2050

Conclusion still 10 big or 20 small assembly lines need to be

closed

List is long : Ford (Genk) Opel (Bochum) Volvo (?) Fiat group (4) PSA (3) Renault (2) Mercedes (?) VW group (?) BMW (?)

RD-Brescia 2016

NEW SECTOR FOR ZINC DIECASTING

RD-Brescia 2016 NEW SECTOR FOR ZINC DIECASTING  Medical applications  Growing market with a figure

Medical applications

Growing market with a figure of over 5,5 % in Europe Needs a lot of convincing effort from the zinc industry to achieve succes Selfcare will be growing in the next decades

New technologies take their share

Runnerless production techniques

RD-Brescia 2016

PROGNOSED ZAMAK MARKET BREAKDOWNS

European segmentation 2050 ~350kt
European segmentation 2050 ~350kt
toys&sport others decoration automotiv 3% 6% 3% 21% clothing 4% electro/electric 12% building 51%
toys&sport
others
decoration
automotiv
3%
6%
3%
21%
clothing
4%
electro/electric
12%
building
51%

European segmantation 2004 376kt

decoration others 3% toys&sports 8% 4% clothing 5% electro/electric 10% building
decoration
others
3%
toys&sports
8%
4%
clothing
5%
electro/electric
10%
building

43%

automotive

27%

Growth without extra effort of Development/Marketing

5% electro/electric 10% building 43% automotive 27% Growth without extra effort of Development/Marketing 22