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IEC61850

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IEC61850

Taller3 Modulo1
BasedelaNormaIEC61850

IEC61850

Parte1:Introduccin

Title:CommunicationNetworksandSystemsfor
PowerUtilityAutomation
Thefunctionalitygoesfarbeyondtraditional
solutionslikeDNP3,LON,IEC608705x,:

Realtimeandclient/servercommunication
Domainspecificandextensibleobjectmodels
Configurationlanguage
UsingEthernet,TCP/IP,andMMS
Selfdescriptionofdevices(containinformationmodel)
Specificationofconformancetesting

IEC61850edition2standardseries
Title:CommunicationNetworksandSystemsfor
PowerUtilityAutomation
Thefunctionalitygoesfarbeyondtraditional
solutionslikeDNP3,LON,IEC608705x,:

Realtimeandclient/servercommunication
Domainspecificandextensibleobjectmodels
Configurationlanguage
UsingEthernet,TCP/IP,andMMS
Selfdescriptionofdevices(containinformationmodel)
Specificationofconformancetesting

IEC 61850 originalscopeedition1


Remote Control (NCC)

Technical Services

Station Level Equipment

Bay Control

CT/VT

Switchgear

Protection

CT/VT

Switchgear

Protection

IEC 61850 scopeedition2


Remote Control (NCC)

Technical Services

Station Level Equipment

Bay Control

CT/VT

Switchgear

Protection

CT/VT

Switchgear

Protection

Trendsinapplicationrequirements
Deregulationaddstocomplexityduetoincreased
datasharing
Greaterintelligenceimpliesmorepointstobe
monitored
Increasednumberofpointsimplieshighercostsfor
maintainingdatabases
Commissioningcostsinverifyingpoints
Moreapplicationsaccessingthedata
Increasedcomplexityoftheapplications

DesignobjectivesforIEC61850
Objectorientedcommunicationsorganizethedataby
functiontosimplifydistributedapplications
Standardizedobjectmodelsallowforapplication
interoperability
SelfdescriptionandMetaDataallowsforonline
validation
FocusisshiftingfromdataacquisitiontoData
Management

FeaturesofIEC61850
Interoperability betweendevicesandapplication
functionsthroughstandardizeddata modelsand
informationexchange
Freeconfiguration ofcommunicationnetworkand
allocationoffunctionstodevices
Longtermstability throughdecouplingofapplication
andcommunication

Applicationdata&communication
Information
Models

Logical Nodes and Data

Information
Exchange

Service Interface (Abstract)

Communication
Protocols

Data

TCP/IP Network

(IEC 61850-7-4 / -7-3)

(IEC 61850-7-2)

Mapping to e.g. MMS and


TCP/IP/Ethernet
(IEC 61850-8-1 / -9-2)

Datamodel&informationexchange
Has a DATA
MODEL that can be
accessed
Request

IED
Response

Intelligent
Electronic
Device

Event

The HOW to exchange (IEC


61850-7-2)

The WHAT to
exchange
(IEC 61850-7-4
and 61850-7-3)

Communicationnetworks
Gateway

Station Level
Control

Bay Level

Control

Control

Protection

Protection

Process Level
HV Equipment

HV Equipment

Communicationnetworks
Gateway

Station Level
Control

Bay Level

Control

Control

Protection

Protection

Process Level
HV Equipment

HV Equipment

Communicationnetworks
Gateway

Station Level
Control

Bay Level

Control

Control

Protection

Protection

Process Level
HV Equipment

HV Equipment

LogicalNodesandDevices
Station Workplace
IHMI
Human Machine IF

Protection and Control


CSWI
Switch Controller

XCBR
Circuit Breaker
Circuit Breaker

PDIS
Distance Protection

TCTR
Current Transformer
Combi Sensor

TVTR
Voltage Transformer

LogicalNodesandDevices
Station Workplace
IHMI
Human Machine IF

Protection
CSWI
Switch Controller

XCBR
Circuit Breaker
Control

PDIS
Distance Protection

TCTR
Current Transformer
Combi Sensor

TVTR
Voltage Transformer

Fromapplicationtocommunication

Application
Objects
Services

Substation Application;
long term stable
(IEC 61850-7-3 and 7-4)
Abstract interface
(IEC 61850-7-2)

Mapping

7
6
5
4
3
2
1

ISO/OSI
seven layer stack

IEC 61850-8-1, -9-1, -9-2


Stack interface

State-of-art communication
technology; fast changing

Object models
Part 7-3 and 7-4xx
Real time
SCADA
communication
communication services (GOOSE, Sampled
Part 7-2
Values)
Part 7-2
Mappings
Part 8-1, 9-1 and 9-2
Communication network

Testing
Part 10

Devices

System Engineering and project


management
Part 4 and 6

System aspects and requirements


Part 1-3, 5

ThepartsofIEC61850

IEC61850

Parte2:Modelamiento deObjetos

Applicationmodeling
Logicalnodesasthecorecomponentsoftheobject
model
Theobjectmodelishierarchical
Theconfigurationlanguage

Theelementsofthedatamodel
Logicalnodes
Physicalandlogicaldevices
Commondataclasses
Dataquality
Substitution

LogicalNodesforcorefunctions
SIMG

SIMG

XSWI

XSWI

TVTR

SIMG
TCTR

MMXU
XCBR

Primary technology

PDIS

CSWI

PTOC

CSWI

Secondary
technology

LogicalNodesanddevices
Physical Device IEDQ0L3
Logical Device Q0L3/
Logical Node LLN0
Logical Node XCBR

Logical Device BL3/


Logical Node LLN0
Logical Node B0SIMG
Logical Node B1SIMG

IEDstructure
Client association
Station bus access point

IED
Server
Logical Device

Logical Device

LN

LN

LN

LN

DO DO

DO

DO

DO

Client associations
I/O
Process bus access point
(can be same as above)

LogicalNodegroups

A AutomaticControl
C Supervisorycontrol
D DistributedEnergyResources
F Functionalblocks
G GenericFunctionReferences
H HydroPower
I InterfacingandArchiving
K Mechanicalandnonelectrical
primaryequipment
L SystemLogicalNodes
M MeteringandMeasurement

Examples:
{ PDIF: Differential protection
{ RBRF: Breaker failure

P Protectionfunctions
Q PowerQualityEventsDetection
Related
R ProtectionRelatedFunctions
S SupervisionandMonitoring
T InstrumentTransformerandRelated
Functions
W Windpower
X Switchgear
Y PowerTransformerandRelated
Functions
Z Further(powersystem)Equipment

{ CSWI: Switch controller


{ MMXU: Measurement unit

Commondataclasses(CDC)
Statusinformation(9)
Measuredinformation(9)
Controllablestatus(8)

Statussettings(6)
Analoguesettings(3)
Descriptioninformation(3)
Servicetracking(7)

Examples:
{ SPS: Single point status
{ MV: Measured value
{ DPC: Double point control
{ ENG: Enumerated status setting
{ ASG: Analogue setting
{ DPL: Device nameplate
{ BTS: Buffered report Tracking Service

IED IntelligentElectronicDevice
QE3

Bay Controller

QC1
QE2

Main 1
Protection

Main 2
Protection

QA1
Meter

QE1
T1
QB1

An IED is a physical device that


implements a part of the
substation automation
functionality

LogicalNodesanddata
optional /
mandatory

A logical node is a
container for
function related data

XSWI
Data Name
Mode
Loc
EEHealth
EEName
OpCnt

Type
INC
SPS
INS
DPL
INS

Explanation
enable / disable
Local / remote control
ok / warning / alarm
Name plate
Operation counter

M
M
O
O
O

Pos
BlkOpn
BlkCls
SwTyp

DPC
SPC
SPC
INS

position
block opening
block closing
load break, dis, earth..

M
M
M
O

PosSenAl

SPS pos sensor alarm

Extension (own Namespace)

Hierarchicaldatamodel
Tampa_Protection
+

LPHD

PDIS1

PDIS2

Tampa_Control

IED

Logical Device

LPHD

Q0CSWI1

+-

Q0XSWI1

Logical Node

- Pos

Data

- stVal
- ctlVal

Data Attribute

Modelingexampleofonefeeder
Bay Controller
B0SIMG

Q8CILO

Q8CSWI

Q8XSWI

Q8

B1SIMG
Q9CILO

Relay X

Q9XSWI

Q9

1PDIS
Q51CILO

PTRC

2PDIS

T1ATCTR
T1B
T1C TCTR
TCTR

RSYN

T1ATVTR
T1B
T1C TCTR
TCTR

Q0XCBR

Relay Y

Q9CSWI
Q51CSWI

Q51XSWI

Q51
Q0CILO

Q0CSWI

Q0XCBR

Q0
Q52CILO

Q52CSWI

Q52XSWI

Q52
I1PTOC

PTRC

I2PTOC

T1ATCTR
T1B
T1C TCTR
TCTR

Q0XCBR

Q1CILO

Q1CSWI

Q1XSWI

T1
MMXU

T1ATVTR
T1ATCTR
T1B
T1C TCTR
TCTR T1B
T1C TCTR
TCTR

Q1

Switchgear
withprocessbusconnection
Q8_CILO

Q8_CSWI

Q8_XSWI

Q8

Q9_CILO

Q9_CSWI

Q9_XSWI

Q9

Q51_CILO Q51_CSWI

Q51_XSWI

Q51

Q0_CILO

Q0_CSWI

Q0_XCBR

Q0

Q52_CILO Q52_CSWI

Q52_XSWI

Q52

Q1_CILO

Q1_XSWI

T1

Q1_CSWI

Q1
IEC 61850-8-1
Bay Controller

IEC61850

Parte3:ArquitecturadeSistemas

Hierarchicallevels

Station Level Equipment

Station

Bay Control

Metering

Bay
Protection

Bay

Instrumental
Transformer

Switchgear

Power
Transformer

Process

StationBus starnetwork
Control Center

Engineering

HMI

Router

IEC 61850-8-1

Ethernet Switch

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Conventional
Switchgear

Relay
Relay
X2 Y

Conventional
CT / VT's

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Conventional
Switchgear

Relay
Relay
X2 Y

Conventional
CT / VT's

StationBus ringnetwork
Control Center

Engineering

HMI

IEC 61850-8-1

Router
Ethernet Ring with Switches

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Conventional
Switchgear

Relay
Relay
Y
X2

Conventional
CT / VT's

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Conventional
Switchgear

Relay
Relay
X2 Y

Conventional
CT / VT's

Pros&Consstarnetwork
Pros
Highnodenodeperformance(always2links,3devices)
Easyinspection&controloftrafficattheswitch
Simpletopology,thereforecheaper

Cons

Highnetworkdependenceoncentralswitch
Scalabilitydependsonconnectionsontheswitch
Networkperformanceislimitedbyswitchthroughput
Limitednetworksize

Pros&Consringnetwork
Pros

BuiltinredundancywhenusingSTP/RSTP(802.1D/W)
Highernetworkloadspossible
Largernetworksize
Easiertoextend

Cons

Complextopology,moreexpensive
Lowernodenodeperformance
Moredifficulttomanage
Moredifficulttimesynchronization

Conventionalconnectedswitchgear
Junction Box

Switchgear

Bay Control
XCBR

CSWI

ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR

CILO

Relay A
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATCTR
XCBR

1PDIS
2PDIS

PTRC

Relay B
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATCTR

I>PTOC

XCBR

PTRC

IEC 61850-8

Digitalinterfacetoinstrument
transformer
Line
Protection
IEC 61850-9-2
Logical Device
Sensor IF
LNPCTR
PCTR
LN
LN
TVTR
LNPCTR
PCTR
LN
LN
TCTR

Line
Protection

Digitalinterfacetoinstrument
transformer
Bay Contr

Junction Box

XCBR

CSWI
CILO

Switchgear

Relay A
XCBR

1PDIS
2PDIS

Sensor IED

PTRC

ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATCTR

Relay B
IEC 61850-9

XCBR

I>PTOC
PTRC

IEC 61850-8

Digitalinterfacetoswitchgear
Bay
Controller
Logical Device
Breaker IF
Bay
Controller

LN XCBR
LN XSWI
LN XCBR

IEC 61850-8-1

Digitalinterfacetoswitchgear
Bay Contr
CSWI
Switch

Switchgear

Breaker IED

CILO

Relay A

XCBR

1PDIS
2PDIS

Sensor IED

PTRC

ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATCTR

Relay B
IEC 61850-8
IEC 61850-9

I>PTOC
PTRC

IEC 61850-8

PointtoPointlinktosensor
Control Center

Engineering

HMI

IEC 61850-8-1

Router
Ethernet Ring with Switches

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Conventional
Switchgear

Relay
Relay
X2 Y

CT/VT
CT/VT
withwith
IEDIED

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Conventional
Switchgear

Relay
Relay
X2 Y

IED with
CT/VT
withCT/VT
IED

ProcessandStationBus
Control Center

Engineering

HMI

IEC 61850-8-1

Router
Ethernet Ring with Switches

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Switchgear with
IED

Relay
X2

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

CT/VT
with IED

Switchgear with
IED

Relay
X2

CT/VT
with IED

Singlecommunicationnetwork
Control Center

Engineering

HMI

IEC 61850-8-1 and


IEC 61850-9-2

Router
Ethernet Ring with Switches

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

Switchgear with
IED

Relay
X2

Bay
Controller

Relay
X1

CT/VT
with IED

Switchgear with
IED

Relay
X2

CT/VT
with IED

Systemwidenetwork

Bay Contr
Switch

CSWI
CILO

Switchgear

Breaker IED

Relay A

XCBR

1PDIS
2PDIS

Sensor IED

PTRC

ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATCTR

Relay B
IEC 61850-8
IEC 61850-9

I>PTOC
PTRC

Functionintegration
IEC 61850-8
IEC 61850-9
Switch
Switchgear

Breaker IED

Sensor IED
I>PTOC
PTRC
ATVTR
ATVTR
ATCTR

CSWI

1PDIS

CILO

2PDIS
PTRC

XCBR

ATVTR
ATVTR
ATVTR

Bay Contr & Prot

Conclusions
ThefullintroductionofIEC61850supportsmany
architectures
Thefinalarchitectureshallbeselectedbasedon

Availabletechnology
Reliabilityrequirements
Availability requirements
Maintainability requirements
Performance requirements
Costs

Conclusions
Newtechnologiesanddevices usingIEC61850
offerseveralbenefitsforthedesignofsystems
Thenumberofcopperwireswillbesignificantly
reduced;thiswillalsoreducetheamountof
manualworkinvolvedinassemblingandtesting
thesewires
Numberofnonsupervisedfunctions willbe
reducedtoalmostzero;thiswillreducethetime
untilanerrorisdetected

IEC61850

Parte4:ComunicacionesyServicios

Informationexchange
Client/ServerandPublisher/Subscriber
Reporting
GOOSE
Transmissionofsampledvalues

IEC61850communication
UsesstrengthsoftheOSI7layermodel
Stationbus
CommunicationbetweenIEDandmasterstations
DatasenteventdrivenfromIEDtomaster
InterIEDdataexchangethroughmulticastGOOSE

Processbus
CommunicationbetweenplantequipmentandIEDs
(switchgear,Instrumenttransformers)
EventdrivenorGOOSEaswithstationbus
Exchangeofsampledvalues

Busseparationisbecominglessdistinct

Communicationconcepts
Physical Device

Physical Device

ACSI Client

ACSI Server
reports

Client / Server communication

Data
Data

Typical SCADA
application like
Application
control of switchgear
or transmission of
events (Reporting)
Store and retrieve
sequence of events (Log)
Transfer of files (i.e.
Comtrade files)

req / rsp

Data

Physical Device
req / rsp

ACSI Server
Data
Data
Data

Application

Physical Device

Application

Communicationconcepts
Publisher

Publisher-subscriber
communication;
time critical

Physical Device
ACSI Client

Physical Device
ACSI Server
Data
Data

Tripping of circuit
breakers; interlocking
short information
low probability of loss
a few milliseconds

Data

Application

Transmission of
sampled values
high amount of data
a few milliseconds
loss of data needs to be
detected
Subscriber

Physical Device
ACSI Server

GOOSE Message
Sampled Values
multicast

Application

Physical Device

Data
Data
Data

Application

Control
Client

Server (Control Object)

Operated Device

Select (open)
Select rsp+

Select

Operate (open)
Operate rsp+
Control model (61850-7-2)

Activate output

between
open
Acquisition of status
from device

Report (open)
Reporting (61850-7-2)
CmdTerm
Control model (61850-7-2)

Activation of device
mechanism

Deactivate output

Datasets
QE3XSWI1
Pos
QC1XSWI2
Pos
QE2XSWI3
Pos
QE1XSWI4
Pos
QB1XSWI5
Pos

dataset SwitchPositions
QE3XSWI1.Pos
QC1XSWI2.Pos
QE2XSWI3.Pos
QE1XSWI4.Pos
QB1XSWI5.Pos

Reporting configuringthecontent
QE3XSWI
QC1XSWI
QE2XSWI
QE1XSWI

dataset SwitchPositions
QE3XSWI.Pos
QC1XSWI.Pos
QE2XSWI.Pos
QE1XSWI.Pos
QB1XSWI.Pos

QB1XSWI
Report Control
DatSet
TrgOp
RptID

RptID DatSetRef Value

Reason

Reporting
Client

Server

Configure report control

Report

event

Events
Datachange
Integrityperiodexpired(cyclic)
Generalinterrogation(on
request)

Twokindofreports
Report

Report

event

event

Unbuffered reports eventsmay


belostduetocommunication
interruptionoroverflow
Bufferedreports usedfor
sequenceofevents

GOOSE
GenericObjectOrientedSystemEvent
dataset SwitchPositions
Off On On Off
On On

Publisher
On On
Off On On Off | n
n-1
On Off On On Off | n-1

Off
On

On

Subscriber

On On On On Off | n

GOOSErepetition
5ms
S
10ms

20ms
40ms

t
1sec

Cycle interval Z =1sec

1sec

SwitchfromcyclictoSpontaneousonevent
NspontaneousrepeatstS =2N*S
(N=0,1,2,3fortS <Z,S=5ms)
SwitchfromspontaneoustocyclicwhentS >Z

Sampledvalues

n+1
n+2
n+3
n

n+1
n

n n+2
n+1
n+1
n
n+1
n+2
n

n
n

n+2
n+1
n

n+3
n+1
n+2
n
n+4

n+1
n+2
n+3
n

n+3
n+1
n+2
n
n+4

n+1
n

Subscriber

n+1
n+2
n+3
n

Publishers

n+3
n+1
n+2
n
n+4

Questions