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Gemstone of Pakistan






Nature has bestowed Pakistan with largesse treasures of Gemstones. Some of these make Pakistan prominent in the mineral world. Worlds most desired colored
gemstones, such as Emerald, Ruby, Sapphire, Topaz, Aquamarine, and Tourmaline are found in Pakistan.
A review of the territorial history of Pakistan reveals that its people and kings cherished gemstones highly. The relics of the Gandhara and Indus civilizations are a
testament to this fact. The northern and northwestern parts of Pakistan are shrouded by the three world-famous ranges called Hindukush, Himalaya, and Karakorum.
These mountains have been found to be extremely rich in the minerals deposits. Deep green Emerald of Sawat valley and rare pink Topaz of Katlang are one of the
most precious gemstones in the world market.
Some of the details of gemstones present in Pakistan with respect to areas are given below:

Khyber Pakhtunkwah
Swat (Malakand division) Emerald, various types of quartz, and epidote
Katlang (Mardan division) Pink Topaz
Dir (Malakand division) Corundum and quartz
Mansehra (Hazara division) Corundum and smoky quartz
Kohistan (Hazara division) Peridot
Peshawar district Quartz with astrophyllite/reibeckite fiber inclusions, xenotime, and bastnaesite

Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Mohmand Agency Emerald, clinozoisite, sphene, and epidote
Bajaur Agency Emerald, garnet, and orange-colour scapolite
Khyber Agency Quartz with astrophyllite/reibeckite fibers inclusions, xenotime, and bastnaesite
North and South Waziristan Agencies Faden quartz, diamond quartz, phantom quartz, chlorite-included quartz, and window quartz

Gilgit Baltistan and AJK

Chilas (Diamer district) Alluvial diopside, zircon, rutile quartz, aquamarine, and tourmaline
Gilgi , Hunza, and Shigar (Gilgit district) Aquamarine, topaz (golden and white), emerald, ruby, pollucite, rutile quartz, morganite, apatite, spinel, and pargasite
Shengus, Stak Nala, and Tormiq Nala (Baltistan Skardu Road, Baltistan district) Aquamarine, topaz, tourmaline, apatite, sphene, morganite, and quartz
Shigar Proper (near Skardu, Baltistan district) Apatite, zoisite, rutile quartz, epidote, and morganite
Childee, Kashmal, and Yuno (Shigar area, near Skardu, Baltistan district) Aquamarine, emerald-colour tourmaline, apatite, morganite, topaz, and quartz
Hyderabad, Testun, Dassu, Net Tahirabad, and Goyungo (Shigar area, Baltistan district) Golden Topaz, aquamarine, tourmaline, morganite, rare earth
minerals, apatite, quartz, and emerald
Appu Aligund, Fuljo, Braldu, Bashu, and Karma (Baltistan district) Tourmaline, aquamarine, garnets,diopside, ruby, pargasite, emerald, topaz, amethyst,
scheelite, and quartz
Khappalu and near Siachin area (Gaanshai area, Baltistan district) Aquamarine, amethyst, and fine golden rutile quartz

Balochistan Province
Kharan district Brookite, anatase, and quartz
Chaman (near Quetta) Diamond quartz, window quartz, quartz on prehnite-base, and faden quartz included by chlorite