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You are on page 1of 13

Chapter 2: Forces and Motion

Distance is the _______________________ of path _______________________

when moving between two points where the direction of motion may be changing.

Distance has only _______________________. It is a _______________________

quantity.

Displacement has _______________________ and _______________________. It is

a _______________________ quantity.

1.

Muthu cycles from his house to the shop. While coming back, he stops at Ahmads

house. What is his displacement from his house?

Speed =

Average speed =

Velocity =

Average velocity =

2. A student takes 2 minutes to run 800m. What is his average speed in m s=1 ? Why is

his actual speed different from his average speed?

3. An aeroplane travels 6 km due west in 1 minute. Then it changes its direction to

south and travels 8 km in 2 min 20 s. Find its average velocity in m s=1.

5. A car has a steady speed of 8 m/s. How far does the car travel in 8 s? How long

does the car take to travel 160 m?

Acceleration =

Deceleration =

6. The graph below shows how the velocity of moving object varies with time.

(a) Calculate the total distance travelled for the motion of the object during the first 14

seconds;

(b) What is the displacement of the object from its starting point in 14 s?

(c) On the axes below sketch displacement-time graph for the first 14 seconds of the

objects motion.

motion will move with _______________________ acting on it.

_______________________ of an object is proportional to its __________________.

A heavy object has high inertia.

Momentum, p =

7. (a) The diagram shows two boys P and Q wearing roller shoes facing each other on

smooth floor.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

Find the mass of Q if Q moves with 6.25 cm s-1 after receiving the ball.

The Effect of a Force

The effects of a force acting on an object:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

change in shape

change in direction

accelerates or decelerates

(i)

(ii)

In the diagram, mark and label two forces acting on the block.

A horizontal force of 5 N is applied to the block but it does not move.

Explain the above situation. State the value of any quantity mentioned in

the explanation.

(iii)

constant velocity. What are the resultant force and frictional force acting

on the block?

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

same as the direction of the moving object.

An object decelerates when the direction of the force acted on it is

opposite to the direction of the moving object.

An object moves with constant velocity means it has zero acceleration.

(b)

(ii) When a high-jumper falls, will the impulse or impulsive force be less if he

lands on a foam than if it lands on the ground? Explain your answer.

Gravity

All objects in free fall have acceleration due to gravity, g = 9.8 m s-2.

10. (a) What do you mean by free fall?

When an object falls because of _______________________ only, the fall is known

as _______________________. The acceleration of free fall is 9.8 m s-2.

(b) Define gravitational field and gravitational field strength.

Gravitational field is a _______________________ in which an object

_______________________ due to _______________________.

Gravitational field strength is defined as _______________________ per unit mass.

In a laboratory on the Earth, balances show that an astronaut has a mass of 80 kg and

a weight of 784 N. The same balance are then taken to the Moon. The balance shows

that the astronaut has a weight of 128 N.

Calculate

(i)

(ii)

(c) A rocket is launched vertically upwards from the Earth to the Moon. State and

explain whether the following properties (decrease, increase or remain unchanged)

while the rocket is approaching the Moon:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Air friction

(iv)

(d) The rocket is launched with a uniform acceleration of 20.0 m s-2 for 55 s and then

it stops burning fuel. It continues to move upwards freely. What is the maximum

height reached by the rocket after it stops burning fuel?

Forces in Equilibrium

When the resultant force acting on an object is zero, the object is said to be in

equilibrium.

Resolution of forces

Notes:

11. Two forces P and Q act at point O as shown in the diagram below.

vector diagram to show that the forces are in equilibrium.

(b) If R is the resultant force acting at point O, draw a vector diagram to show that

addition of forces P and Q is force R.

10

12. Each block with a weight of 60 N as shown in the diagram is in equilibrium

situation.

11

(d) The diagram below shows a picture with a weight of 10.0 N hanging freely by a

string XYZ of a length of 50 cm.

(i)

(ii)

12

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