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OfficialDocuments:HowtheUSOverthrewGhanasKwameNkrumah

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OfficialDocuments:HowtheUSOverthrewGhanasKwameNkrumah

POLITICS

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Tatenda Gwaambuka StaffWriter
Thu, Aug 11, 2016
The success of Ghanaian industrialisation would have further cemented the fact that African countries did not necessarily need White rule to be successful.

Kwame Nkrumah was a futurist, a born visionary. His plan as leader of Ghana was to make it an industrial hub within a generation. He
dreamt of a united and successful African continent and the narrative he was creating for Africa was a foreign policy concern for the
United States of America. In a Memorandum from the Presidents Acting Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Komer) to
President Johnson, the coup that led to Nkrumahs downfall was described as a fortuitous windfall because, Nkrumah was doing more to
undermine our interests than any other black African. In reaction to his strongly pro-Communist leanings, the new military regime is
almost pathetically pro-Western. In other words, the military regime was a shadow of the West, a whole puppet show mistaken for
governance.
Before the declassi cation of the of cial documents by the USA, a C.I.A operative, John Stockwell, shared his knowledge on how the
United States had been involved in evoking anti-Nkrumah sentiment and in the end causing the coup. He said, Howard Bane, who was
the CIA station chief in Accra, engineered the overthrow of Kwame Nkrumah. Inside the CIA it was quite clear. Howard Bane got a double
promotion, and was awarded the Intelligence Star for the overthrow of Kwame.
Nkrumah had ascended to power when Ghana gained its independence in 1957. Ghana adopted a ag with a Black Star in a nod to Marcus
Garvey and his Black Star Line. Nkrumah was one of the leaders behind the Organisation of African Unity established on 25 May 1963. The
visionarys end goal for Ghana had been to industrialise it within a generation. He had used an accelerated eduction programme and set
up a Ghana Education Trust (GET) to build schools in a bid to empower the people of Ghana with the requisite expertise for industrial
take-off. He also led a promising scienti c research drive which in 1965 had expanded to no less than ve different research institutes for
food sciences and technology, aquatic biology, geology and geophysics, industrial standards and marine sheries. In 1966, Nkrumah said,
Many more research institutes are in an advanced stage of physical development or of planning. These include the Institute of Glass and
Ceramics, the Institute of Metallurgy, the Institute of Wild Life research, the Institute for Research Development and a Centre for the
Production of Scienti c Instruments. Education was only one of the chapters of the multi-faceted growth he envisioned for Ghana but it
formed the very base. By the time of the coup, his country had 68 state owned factories. It is this futuristic industrial policy that was soon
dropped by the military regimes that followed for reasons largely unreasonable in retrospect.

The danger of Nkrumah to the colonialists


Nkrumahs ideology was a threat to the imperialist cause and it still is 50 years after. Within 10 years of Ghanas independence, 31 other
countries had gained their own independence. Ghana was a trailblazer in Africa and would rearrange the matrix of how the West related to
Africa. The success of Ghanaian industrialisation would have further cemented the fact that African countries did not necessarily need
White rule to be successful. Ghana was supposed to t the narrative of a country which gained black majority rule and became a melting
pot of tension and warfare. After deposing Nkrumah, that became the reality of the day with the country having 7 violent military
transfers of power. Having undone Nkrumah, the United States started to control affairs with the IMF putting a stop to Nkrumahs
industrialisation policy. The regime that followed was a USA puppet. In Komers Memorandum to President Johnson, he said, I am not

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OfficialDocuments:HowtheUSOverthrewGhanasKwameNkrumah

arguing for lavish gifts to these regimes-indeed, giving them a little only whets their appetites, and enables us to use the prospect of more
as leverage.
Even now, the USA will pursue such a policy of giving a little and gaining a lot in the manner of African allegiance and loyalty. African
leaders who are a part of this ploy to undo Africa are nothing but sell-outs. They insult the legacy of Nkrumah and so many others who
were victims of the imperialists twisted scheming. Nkrumahs fall had been discussed a year before it happened by the Director of Central
Intelligence, the Ambassador to Ghana and the Deputy Chief of the African Division in March 1965 as shown by their Memorandum of
Conversation. Africa should know there are discussions about derailing continental development that are consistently being carried out
and it is up to Africans to stand strong and united.
At a January 1961 Casablanca Conference, Nkrumah himself had called for political unity in Africa or else we will be ghting and warring
among ourselves with the imperialists and colonialists standing by behind the screen and pulling vicious wires, to make us cut each
others throats for the sake of their diabolical purposes in Africa.

ImageCredit:LIPortal
KwameNkurumah

Nationalists

PanAfricanism

ThomasSankara

AfricanHistory

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About the author


Tatenda Gwaambuka StaffWriter
Tatenda is an advocate of cultural identity and African development. Interact with him on http://africanaforum.blogspot.com/
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233Comments

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ProsperKarombaSokoineUniversityofAgriculture
FomMorogoro,TANZANIANowyousee,thisisavividevidence,thattheUSAhasnopermanentfriendorenemybutpermanentinterest.DRKWAME
NKURUMAHwasnotonlyanICONbutalsoarealpanAfricanist.SobyplottingacoupandassassinationofhimmeaningtosilencethedreamofDR
NKURUMAHtoadvocatefortheUNITEDSTATESOFAFRICA.
LikeReply

90Aug20,20167:11pmEdited

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool

LikeReply

1Aug13,20168:23am

AyubaSulleyGeneralManageratAfricodiaLLC
Absolutely
LikeReply

1Aug15,20165:34pm

MichealUmeohiaChiefExecutiveOfficeratBusinessOwner
Wellsaid
LikeReply

1Aug16,20166:32pm

Show5morerepliesinthisthread

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11/4/2016

Show5morerepliesinthisthread

OfficialDocuments:HowtheUSOverthrewGhanasKwameNkrumah

JohnKaranjaCollegeofInsurance
MustbeUSA..watchSomaliaandSouthSudan
LikeReply

11 Aug11,20164:11pm

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool

LikeReplyAug13,20168:27am

SavioBale
it'snotonlytheUSbutalsotheirpartners(Europeanpowers)thatoverthrowPanAfricanists.AlltheseeffortsareplannedonaroundtableinEurope.
AfteroverthrowingthesePanAfricanists,theysetuptheirowngovernmentsthatservetheirinterestswithapromiseoflettingthemruletheirnations
withoutlimits.Westernersonlyintervenewhenthecontractsarebreachedorwhentheygetbetterdealswiththeupcominggovernments(opposition
govts).
LikeReply

92Aug11,20164:22pm

ObinnaJamesOnuigboAbiastateuniversityprischAba
True
LikeReply

3Aug12,20163:42am

SidiAliWorksatSelfEmployed(Business)
Trueisverysadandpity.
LikeReply

3Aug16,20168:21pm

AgabaMushumbusiManagingDirectoratMirunguGeneralMerchandiseCo.
Wellspoken
LikeReply

1Aug17,20163:32pm

Show6morerepliesinthisthread

FranklineOmwoyoNyakwebaMultimediaUniversityOfKenya
U.S.Aisfuckedup
LikeReply

3Aug11,20164:46pm

JahnNapoleonWorksatIworkatarabmoneystudios
ButwestillallowUScitizensintoourcountry.....Wefooltoomuch...
LikeReply

8Aug11,20166:07pm

SebastianArchimedesFianuVigloManagingDirector&CEOatSupremeCivil&MiningservicesLtd.
Lefttomealoneweshouldhavebeenburyingthemalive
LikeReplyAug14,20165:32pm

SalmanAlHalabyKadunaCapitalSchool
Exactly,nowafterthecriminaldestructionofLibyatheyquicklypressedonwithspreadingAfricom,firstwastheillegalcoupinMaliwheretheygot
colonelSanogoaspuppet.Nigerisgettinga$100millionDronebasenearAgadez.30+AfricancountrieshavegotUSbases.Thetragedy
continues.
LikeReply2hrs

FaithNelson
Africanleadershastobeonendunitethatallbrothers,JAHbless
LikeReply

4Aug11,20167:39pm

ForsonAsieduGyaduWorksatHyattRegencyCrystalCity
Africanleadersnowareasstupidastheircolonialmasters,greedndcorruptionisalltheyknow.ghadafiwasourlastchancendseeWattheydid
tohim
LikeReply

13Aug22,20165:50am

EmmanuelKHinnehStockholm,Sweden
ForsonAsieduGyaduohbro,sayitagain
LikeReply

1Oct8,20164:41pm

KibangCedrickZuoKomUNIVERSITYOFYAOUNDEIISOA
EveryroadisleadingtothepaththatthedreamofaprosperousAfricarestinUnity.Butduetothelackofthepoliticalwill,theintegrationschemesinAfrica
areparadoxicallyfragmentary.
LikeReply

14Aug11,20167:48pm

KarenBronkFromingSanFrancisco,California
Thisistrulyunfortunate.Itrequiresleadershipfromwithinthecontinenttopushforthisfocusratherthanselfinterest.Itcanbedone!
LikeReply

8Aug14,20166:26pm

AyubaSulleyGeneralManageratAfricodiaLLC
KarenBronkFromingyesuright
LikeReplyAug15,20165:37pm

DelitYeboahWarehouseSupervisoratCowrinDistributions
USAandEuropeanswillneverallowanyonewhowanttounitAfricatolivetoachievehisdreams.Noway.

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USAandEuropeanswillneverallowanyonewhowanttounitAfricatolivetoachievehisdreams.Noway.
LikeReply

2Oct10,201612:14am

Show1morereplyinthisthread

KwamesaGisoreLegalAssistantatKituoChaSheria
TheImperialistsknowthatdisunityamongAfricansresultstoasloworstagnatedindustrialisation.Ifonlywehadacentralkityforbothindustrialand
technologicalresearch,thesameformilitarydefencesthenwewouldhavebeenaleadingsuperpower.
LikeReply

22Aug11,20167:53pm

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool

LikeReplyAug13,20168:16am

MubilaMusaruDaresSalaam,Tanzania
Whenwouldwehavebeenleadingsuperpower?Beforecolonialismorafter?Thatcannothappeninthenext100yearsevenifweareunited.
LikeReply

1Aug17,201610:05am

JakiaMarie
ScottStabler
LikeReply

1Aug11,20168:07pm

KingsleyCobbinahWorksatGoldenStarResources
WiththehelpofthegrandfathersofNPP
LikeReply

8Aug11,20168:25pm

AswadUmarFarukAccra,Ghana
AndtheactionsfromthewesternworldkilledGaddafiwhileweAfricansdidnothing.AbsolutelyNothing.AfricastillSleeping.
LikeReply

11 Aug11,20169:56pm

KwamesaGisoreLegalAssistantatKituoChaSheria
That'sthegreatestinjusticeAfricaisdoingtoherself
LikeReply

7Aug12,201611:02am

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool

LikeReplyAug13,20168:25am

AwalsIssahMohammedFreelanceWriteratFreelanceWriter
ClearcaseofUnitedwestand,dividedwefall
LikeReply

1Aug11,201610:38pm

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool

LikeReplyAug13,20168:26am

RickyPunter
TheyhavealwaysplayeddirtinAfrica,nowthehaveATrumptodealwith
LikeReply

2Aug11,201611:14pm

DanielGreeneCuttingtonUniversity
Nkrumawasgreatbutleftaloftofsoftspotsthatheshouldhavesortedout.Hewasoperatinginthecoldwarera,sobybecomingalignedto
communism,hedeclaredhimselfanenemyofthewest.ok
LikeReplyAug12,20163:59am

hwiNiamkKakou
Heneveralignedtocommunism
LikeReply

3Aug12,20165:56pm

hwiNiamkKakou
InfactGhanajoinedtheNonalignedMovement...GhanawasinthescopeforacceleratingtheadvancementofAfricanswhichwascounterto
USAinterests.
LikeReply

7Aug12,20165:58pm

GreysmoMutashobyaWorksatHealthPromotionTanzania
ItispainingwhenonetaketimetothingofAfricaespeciallywiththeeixistingregimes.Civilwarsarerampanteverycorner..peoplejustdyinglikeinsects!
whoseinterestdoAfricanleadersserve?ofcourse,westerners'interest!Ithinktheproblembeginswithweourselvesandourleaderssoguyslet'snot
blamewhites.
LikeReply

3Aug12,201612:44pm

RogerWorthamSouthernUniversity

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RogerWorthamSouthernUniversity
Itisamatterofanalyzingandexplaininginordertochartamoresuccessfulcourse.Ifthatis"blame,"thensobeit!Mostpostershaveidentified
Africanleadersandwesternpowers,directly,fortheircomplicity.Wewouldbenegligentinanalysiswithoutdoingso.Yourinterestinsparing
"blame"iscuriousandadiversionfromstraightforwardanalysis.Pleasesharewhythatisapriorityforyou.
LikeReplyAug13,20169:16am

DeoOkorochaAmachreeR&DEngineerOffshore/ShipDesigneratRoyalIHC
DearRoger,Idoreallyseetheneedforthekindofanalysisyouaresuggesting,atleasttolearnfromthe"unspeakable"errors/crimescommited
againstAfricannations,whichwereacreationofwesterneconomicinterests.WesternintrusionanddirectinfluenceonAfricanpoliticsarevery
obvious,andsuchcasesaboundincludingtheGadhaffiissue.ChinamanagedtoescapefromwesterngripandisuggestAfricannationslearn
fromtheChinesetodeveloptheirownpoliticalandeconomicmodels.Itissosadthatsincethedemiseofthepanafricanleaderswhofoughtfor
thecontinetsindependence,Africahasnotstabilised.Theblameculturehasneverhelpedus....andwillnot.Africalookinward!
LikeReplyJustnow

StifaOlomuLagos(France)
LikeGadhaffiwhowaskilledmorerecently,NkrumahwantedAfricanunity.Africacan'tsucceedwithoutunity.WeneedmoreNkrumahsandGaddhafisto
moveforward,AugustineOritseweyinmiOghanrandukunOlomu(St.Ifa)
LikeReply

4Aug12,20162:07pm

FestusDadzieWorksatSelfEmployed
Africaforyou
LikeReplyAug13,201612:00am

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool
Whataboutyou?
LikeReplyAug13,20168:20am

AnimkorantengOakmanKwameNkrumahUniversityofScienceandTechnology(KNUST)
BotwanaissucceedingwithoutAfrica'scontinentalunity.WhatAfricaneedstosucceedisnotcontinentalunity.Buhratherinclusivepoliticaland
economicinstitutions.Yesstronginstitutionsnotstrongandselfishmen.
LikeReply

1Aug21,20164:27pm

Show1morereplyinthisthread

AliAgilOwneratEntrepreneurs
SHAMETOAMERICANPEOPLE.
LikeReply

1Aug12,20162:58pm

RiadhAlBusaidi
DrKwameNkrumah(Mayherestinpeace)wasoneoftheemergingyoungAfricanleadersfightingforindependencefortheircountries.Amongthose
whocontributedtothestruggleforindependenceformanyoftheemergingAfricancountries,wasanAfricanAmericancivilrightsactivistbythenameof
Dr.WilliamDuBois(pronounceddubwa).Thiswasinthelate1950s.DuBois'sfinalpanAfricangesturewastotakeupcitizenshipinGhanain1961at
therequestofPresidentKwameNkrumahandtobeginworkasdirectoroftheEncyclopediaAfricana.
DuBoisdiedinGhanaonAug.27,1963,ontheeveofthecivilrightsmarchinWashington,D.C.Hewasgivenastatefuneral,atwhichKwameNkrumah
remarkedthathewas"aphenomenon."
Isalutetheseleaderswhoweregenuineintheirstruggleandwhofoughtforthebettermentoftheirpeople.Manyofwhomwerebetrayednotonlybythe
colonialpowersbutalsobytheirownpeople.
LikeReply

87Aug12,20164:29pm

MajaliwaAbbasSt.GeorgeHighSchool

LikeReplyAug13,20168:17am

JacobAmidyereAdombire

Godblessusir
LikeReplyAug18,201612:09am

ShakirAkwasiAdamsWorksatSelfEmployed
That'sagoodreminder.Isaluteyousir

Most read

1.

LikeReplyOct9,20169:58pm

JohnKutnaWorksatLUOKitgiGITimbegi
africaourmotherland.nkurumahwasatruepanafricanistofaltyms,datsyheneededtommboyafrmeastafrica2helphmacomplishdiztaskofliberating
africans
LikeReply

2Aug12,20165:56pm

2.

DodooMacdonaldWorksatGhanaEducationService(GES)
IfthisistruethenthatImpliesthewoesofGhanaandAfricaasawhole.buttheabsurdpartofitisthis:whentheyusetheverynationalstoengeneerand
perpetuatetheevilmotives.Godisnotasleep
LikeReplyAug12,20166:31pm

3.

JustusAjaniYabaCollegeofTechnology,Yaba,Lagos.
Nowthereisanallimportantquestion,Areweacursedrace?
LikeReplyOct7,201611:29am

AbdulRazakOwneratSelfemployed
LetushavepatientandprayforAfricaeverythinghavealimitifwebelievetheQuran
LikeReplyOct10,201610:15am

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