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10/27/2016

Food And Culture Essay Example | Topics, Sample Papers & Articles Online for Free

Food And Culture Essay

Culture is broadly de ned as the beliefs, attitudes, values, customs, and habits accepted by a community of individuals. Cultural behavior patterns are reinforced when a group is isolated by geography or segregated by socioeconomic status. Culture is learned, not inherited; it is passed from generation to generation. The term food habits refers to the ways in which humans use food, including how food is

to the ways in which humans use food, including how food is eating for existence to

eating for existence to eating for self-actualization.

1.Physical needs for survival: Daily needs for nutrients must be met before more complex food use can occur.

2.Social needs for security: Once the immediate need for food is satis ed, future needs can be and are considered. The storage of food, in a pantry or in a refrigerator, may represent security.

3.Belongingness: This use of food shows that an individual belongs to a group. The need to belong is satis ed by consuming the foods that are eaten by the social group as a whole. These foods represent comfort and happiness for many people; during periods of stress or illness, people often want the foods they ate during childhood.

Sometimes people adopt a special diet to demonstrate belongingness. For example, African Americans who live outside the South, may choose to eat what is called soul food (such as pork ribs and greens) on certain occasions as an expression of ethnic identity.

Etiquette, the appropriate use of food, is also a way of demonstrating belongingness. Entirely di erent manners are required when lunching with business associates at an expensive restaurant, when attending a tea, when eating in a school cafeteria, when drinking with friends at a bar, or when picnicking with a signi cant other.

4.Status: Food can be used to de ne social position. Champagne and caviar imply wealth, beans and potatoes are traditionally associated with the poor. Status foods are used for social interaction. When a man picks up his date, he brings her chocolates, not broccoli. Wine is considered an appropriate gift to the hostess, a gallon of milk is not.

In general, eating with someone connotes social equality with that person. Many societies regulate who can dine together as a means of establishing class relationships. Women and children may eat separately from men, or servants may eat in the kitchen, away from their employers. This attempted separation by class was also seen in the U.S. restaurants that excluded African Americans before the civil rights legislation of the 1960s.

10/27/2016

Food And Culture Essay Example | Topics, Sample Papers & Articles Online for Free

5.Self-realization: This stage of food use occurs when all previous stages have been achieved to the individual’s satisfaction. Personal preference takes precedence, and the individual may experiment with the foods of di erent ethnic or economic groups.

Food and Culture in America. A Nutrition Handbook, 2nd Edition. Pamela Kittler & Kathryn P. Sucher. Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1998.

Cultural Paper

Complete a three to ve page paper on the nutritional habits/customs, health beliefs and practices of a

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speci c culture. As you prepare this paper, think about the issues addressed in the previous pages and

how these in uences shape a culture’s eating habits. As your paper takes shape, you may want to include

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takes shape, you may want to include For Only $12.90/page Food beliefs: is food used symbolically,

Food beliefs: is food used symbolically, spiritually or does the culture use speci c food/foods for therapeutic purposes? Are there any traditional or staple foods used regularly in their diet. What is the meaning of this food? Do the people of the culture follow a speci c daily pattern related to diet and meals? Does the culture change their nutritional beliefs or have di erent food customs throughout the lifecycle, from infancy to adult years, during pregnancy and lactation or during sickness and health? What did you learn about this culture?

Feel free to include personal experiences and any recipes to share with the class from this culture.

Please include a minimum of two references published within the past ve years from a reputable health/nutrition related journal and/or book. Suggestions include Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Journal of Nutrition Education, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition or Journal of the American Medical Association.

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10/27/2016

Food And Culture Essay Example | Topics, Sample Papers & Articles Online for Free

Essay Topics: Food

10/27/2016

Food And Culture Essay Example | Topics, Sample Papers & Articles Online for Free

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