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Panait

Alexandru
Ciprian

Colegiul Naional Dr. Ioan Meot

Prof. Coordonator
Raluca Srghie

PINK FLOYD

ENGLISH
CERTIFICATION
PAPER
THE PIONEERS
OF

ROCK
MUSIC

TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD.......................................................................................................2
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................3
SYD BARRETTS DEPARTURE.............................................................................4
THE PERIOD OF STAGNATION.............................................................................5
THE BIG BREAKOUT..........................................................................................6
THE GRACE PERIOD...........................................................................................7
THE DECADENCE..............................................................................................8
AFTER ROGER LEFT...........................................................................................9
CONCLUSION..................................................................................................10
BIBLIOGRAPHY...............................................................................................11

FOREWORD
I decided to write about Pink Floyd because it is one of the bands that changed the music
directions of the last century, with their truly innovative style. It is one of my favourite bands and
it is still influencing a tremendous amount of artists to this day.
Ever since I have discovered them I am linstening listening to music in a totally different way.
This band has opened my mind, teaching me how to think music, rather than just hearing it.
Their way of writing songs is revolutionary, leeding leading to the birth of an entire generation
of bands which was to trigger a major change in the future of music.
Inspiring an entire nation with their style/looks/attitude, these four men have become one of the
most resonating names in the popular culture. They are the living proof that art is the most
efficient way to express your thoughts, and they have given us the privilege of being able to
understand their concepts, interpretate interpret them in our own way, and change our
perspective upon life.
The purpose of the present paper is to analize analyse the impact that Pink Floyd had upon the
British society and, later on, worldwide.

INTRODUCTION
Pink Floyd is an English progressive/psychedelic rock band, formed in London in the year 1965.
The group was founded by the tudents Syd Barrett (guitar and lead vocals), Nick Mason (drums),
Roger Waters (bass and vocals) and Richard Wright (keyboards and vocals).
Right from the beginning, Syd Barrett has been the leader of the band. He was an art student,
described as being very talented in many artistic domains, such as poetry, painting and, of
course, music. He was given his band a name, inspired by the names of two blues artists: Pink
Anderson and Floyd Council, their names colliding together to form a new one that was to
become one of the most iconic of the century.

Syd also used to write the songs, both the music and the lyrics. His lines became famous because
of the simplicity of the words, yet the profoundness of the concepts. The bands music genre was
defined, at first, as psychedelic music. This is a style of rock attributed to the 60s, through
which the artists were trying to express the sensations that are resulting from using psychedelic
drugs, which were getting really popular at the time. Therefore, I personally consider that the
success that the band had at first was partly influenced by the then-controversed controversial
theme that they approached. Moreover, the sound of the band was truly new and it got everybody
captivated at the time.
In 1967, due to the live shows that they have played were playing, Pink Floyd was starting to
attract draw the attention of the music industry. With the help of Joe Boyd, the owner of the club
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that they were playing in, called UFO, they have got to sign a contract with a record company:
EMI Records.

SYD BARRETTS DEPARTURE


They have released their first singles, Arnold Layne and then See Emily Play, which had a
massive success. Drawing the attention of the public, the band had created its fan-base and
became popular in a relatively short time.
After the singles, they released the first album in the year 1967, named The Piper At The Gates
Of Dawn. Almost all of the songs on this record are written by Syd Barrett.
They have begun started using drugs for the process of writing music, and sometimes even
during live performances, on stage. Because of this psycho-active substances, Syd, the leader of
the band, became mentally ill.
He went from being slightly dizzy on live performances to leaving the stage in the middle of the
show, and eventually to not being able to communicate almost at all. The bands shows have
become more and more messy, disorganised, so the other members of the band decided that Syd
needed to leave.
In the year 1968 the band releases released the second album, A Saucerful Of Secrets. Syd
was still able to write two of the songs from the record. One of them is Jugband Blues, which
became popular due to the fact that it represents Syds vision upon the other members of the
band, talking about his departure from the group that he always wanted to be in.

The rest of the songs from the record are partly written by the bassist Roger Waters. The
keyboardist Richard Wright contributed too.
It was a turning point for Pink Floyd. They have had lost their song writer, band leader and a
long friendship with the man that they have had spend spent their childhood with.
They made the decision that they will would continue being to be a band without Syd, with
Roger Waters as the main lyricsist. Then, they have hired a new guitarist and vocalist, David
Gilmour. This was going to be the formula in which the band became famous worldwide.

THE PERIOD OF STAGNATION


After Syd left the band, even though they had the determination to continue writing, the
members of the band no longer had the inspiration of their leader. After the publics confusion
and controversion controversy towards Syds absence, the band disappeared from the popular
attention.
In 1969 they have released the third record called Ummagumma. What was different about
this record was that each member was asked to write songs, regardless of their quality. Therefore,
the record has a weird feeling, as if it was were made of pieces that do did not match. The
outstanding tracks from the record were David Gilmours compositions, and Roger Waters too.
So, it was certain what the direction of the band will would be: David Glimour was going to be
the new leader of the band, and Roger Waters was going to be a secondary leader, whilst being
the main lyricist.
The next record, released in 1970, is called Atom Heart Mother. The title track, Atom Heart
Mother is a 24 minutes minute long- instrumental piece. This was the first sign of the band
heading towards the Progressive genre. This record still had a psychedelic feeling to it, but it was
clear that they here were approaching other styles.
In 1971 they have released their next album Meddle. This one marked their permanent
departure from their past work, and the new Progressive field they were headed to. One of the
tracks from this record, called Echoes, is a 23 minutes minute-long song, with the lyrics done
by Roger Waters and the lead vocals done by David Gilmour. This song became very popular at
the time because of its experimental feel that it had and because of its unusually long length.

By this time, the band was beginning to stabilize again, being closer to reach the musical
maturity.
After Meddle, they have begun began to play bigger live shows again, while they were working
on a new record, which was going to change everything for the band. However, they kept the
new record unreleased, but they were playing some of the songs from it live.

THE BIG BREAKOUT


The year 1973 marks a major change for the band, and also, for the future of music. In this year
Pink Floyd released their new record: Dark Side Of The Moon. The name of the album
became one of the most popular in the world, since it is, to this day, one of the most
commercially successful albums of all time. It reached number 1 in the US Billboard chart and it
remained there for more than 14 years. In Britain, it reached the number 2 in the UK chart, and it
remained there for 364 weeks.
The album sold more than 45 million copies worldwide, being the secound best-selling album of
all time. The record brought enormous wealth to the band and it has changed the music
movements ever since it was released.
The record popularised the idea of a conceptual album. This term is used to define a record that
follows a concept in its whole, every song from that record sharing the same theme, idea,
concept. The songs of a conceptual album are usually linked to each other (musically), meaning
that the end of a track is the beginning of the next track. The concept of Dark Side of the Moon
has to do with the degradation of humanity, the central theme being represented by Madness
The albums artwork, which depicts a prism with light going through it, has become one of the
most iconic images of all time, and the most popular symbol associated with Pink Floyd.

THE GRACE PERIOD


After their big success, the band releases released, in 1975, a secound conceptual album: Wish
You Were Here. The title, as well as all the content of the album, refers to the bands fisrt first
leader, Syd Barrett. Graduatelly Gradually, Syd became one of the main inspirations for Roger
Waters.

After his departure, Syd ran away from the medias attention, taking refuge by isolating himself
from the society. The members of the band never heard of him after this.
Songs like Shine On You Crazy Diamond or Wish You Were Here are a direct refference to
Syd Barrett, and are the most outstanding tracks of the record. Shine On You Crazy Diamond is
considered to be one of the most complex pieces ever made, while the track Wish You Were
Here is considered to be one of the most emotional.
Songs like Welcome To The Machine or Have A Cigar are about the negative side of fame, the
harmful influence of the media, the music industry taking control over one.

WISH YOU WERE


HERE

In 1977, a third conceptual


album is released: Animals.
The record is an allegory
between political
personalities and animals.
The track titles are
represented by animal names
(eg. Dogs, Pigs, Sheep) and
the songs describe the highsocial-status people in a
humoristic way.

This record has a different, experimental feeling to it, the musicians focusing mainly on the
poetic lyrics correlating with the chord progressions.

THE DECADENCE

In 1979, the band releases another truly influential conceptual album: The Wall. This record
did almost as good as Dark Side Of The Moon and it seems to be, by far, the most complex
work the band has ever done.
The concept speaks about the decay of the main character, named Pink. Roger Waters created
Pink being inspired by Syd Barrett. The character goes through tough life, filled with unfortunate
events represented by metaphorical bricks in the wall. He builds an imaginary wall that would
isolate him from the rest of the society.
Eventually he gets to tear down the wall and break free, after going through a process of
consciousness.
However, despite the albums success, things were not going well inside the band. As Roger
Waters started to take over the band, the other members started to feel unappreciated. Due to
fights in the band, a substantial part of the album was recorded with an orchestra, without any
other instrument from the band. Rogers vocals are predominant in this record, as David Gimour
has only a few songs in which he sings.
Roger, who seemed to be the new leader of the band, felt constrained by the other members
opinions, since he wrote the concept, the music, the lyrics and put the most effort into this album.
Due to all this accumulated tention tension, Richard Wright, the keyboardist, left the band before
the record was finished, and he still played the shows with the band as a salaried musician.
After the record was released, it got an enormous success. Most of Pink Floyds hits are from this
album, for example Another Brick In The Wall part II (a.k.a. The We Dont Need No
Education song), Comfortably Numb, Mother, Goodbye Blue Sky and many others. The band
has also released a movie called The Wall, which is a screening of the record and became very
popular.
After this, Roger Waters writes another concept for the band, but this time does it all by himself,
without any contribution of the other members. The record, called The Final Cut was released
in 1983. Roger includes subtile refferences subtle references to the other members of the band
onto the record, characterising them as being conceited.
This release marked the final cut for Roger Waters, as he left the band and started to work on a
solo career. For many fans, this was the end of Pink Floyd.

AFTER ROGER LEFT


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Despite the fact that the band has gone through another leader loss, they have continued writing
music, with David Gimour as the song writer and lead singer/guitarist. The lyrics were written by
his wife, a poet, and he had also hired several musicians to replace the empty spaces in the band.
As for the live shows, Roger Waters claimed the rights for the albums The Wall and The Final
Cut, so Pink Floyd could not have sang sung any song from those records. They were only
played in Waters live shows.
The band has released other albums throughout the following years, but none of them got as
popular as the previous ones. In 1987 A Momentary Lapse Of Reason was released, and in
1992, The Division Bell was released.
In the year 2005 the band decided to reunite for one more show. They played at Live 8 in
Londons Hyde Park. The public was excited to see Roger Waters, David Gilmour, Richard
Wright and Nick Mason on the same stage after 24 years.

In 2006, the founding member of the band, Syd Barrett, had died. In 2008 Richard Wright died,
so the remaining Pink Floyd members, David and Nick, decided to go through some unreleased
recordings from The Division Bell sessions. As a result, in 2012, the band has released their last
album, called The Endless River.

CONCLUSION
Music is one of the most complex forms of art, as it requires work, talent, inspiration and luck. It
can distrurb disturb the balance, it has the force to tear people apart, but it still leaves behind its
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trace for everybody to see, to learn, to feel. I believe that all of these troubles represent the
sacrifice that one creator has to do to finish his creation, to make it perfect.
Art has always been a main characteristic of humankind. It is unlimited in any direction; hence it
is a definition for Freedom.
Some say that the artist has a mission to make the public aware of his masterpiece, as it could
affect the history of art forevermore.
In my vision, Pink Floyd did exactly that.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Inside Out: A Personal History of Pink Floyd Nick Mason


The Wall The movie
www.wikipedia.com
www.youtube.com
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