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S RA E L I N

R I TA I N

A BR IEF S T A T E M E N T O F T HE E VI DE N CE S

I N PR O O F O F T HE I S R A E L IT I S H O R I GI N

O F T HE BR IT I S H R A CE

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L A TE
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t he

N a t i on s

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P R E FA C E

b e en much writt e n upon the asser t ed


id e nti ty of the Bri t ish race wi t h the Israeli t es of the
Ten Tribes bu t it h a s fa i led t o convince m any pious
Chris t ians c hi e y be c ause t h e a g u m e n t s in support
ith s p e c u
o f t h i s ide n t i t y have often been mixed up w
l a t i o n s which however i nteres t ing an d perhaps i m
portan t to those w h o alre ady bel i eve in th i s identity
are unsupported by su fcie n t eviden ce and liable
t herefore to be se i zed upon by the scep t ical re ader
as reasons for re j e c t m g t he w
hole argu m en t
The
subj ec t h a s also been sometimes discred i t ed by super
c i a l and illog i cal conclus i ons based o n imperfec t
knowle d ge and by the wild and f anciful t heories o f
some of its suppor t ers w h ich have seemed to j u s t ify
sober -m i nded enquirers in throwing aside the ques t ion
a s o n e only t ted for cranks and p ersons of unbalanced
It m ay a l so be remarked t ha t there are per
m inds
sons i n our midst who would do all in t he i r power t o
throw d i scredit and con t empt upon a subj ect which
if t rue and generally accepte d would go far to restore
t he waning belief of mult i t udes in the truth of the Bib l e
and t o re unite the peo ple o f a kingdom which i t i s
t h e obj ec t of o u r enem i es t o b re a k up and destroy
L Bu t t h e doub tful statements and t h e o rl e s whi c h tend
to discredi t the subj ect are m erely accret i o n s which are
liable t o gather round any grea t tru t h and are in no
way essenti al t o t h e t rue arguments in i t s favour In
the following pages t he author has therefore excluded
all doubtful sta t eme n ts an d theories and h a s e n
d e a v o u re d t o state a s br i ey as poss i ble those argu
men t s scrip t ural and historical which m ay be expected
t o appeal t o anyone wi t h an op e n mind
TH E R E

h as

C H A PT E R

PR

O P H E CI

ES

OF T H E

F UT UR E

I S R A EL

OF

HE

following is a brief summ ary o f the p rop h e


cies which have l e d m any p e ople t o believe t ha t
t he Bri t ish and t he A nglo S axon race are t h e
desc e nd an t s o f t he T e n Tribes of Israel which w e re
carried a w ay cap t ive in the years 7 4 3 a nd 7 2 1 B C
There is rs t ly t he promise t o Jacob t ha t his seed
w a s t o be as t he dus t o f t h e e ar t h and t o becom e
a nation and a company or ass embly of na t ions (Gen
xxx v I I ) To apply t he la tt er expression to t h e tribes
of Israel in C anaan would be incongruo u s and i nad
m l ss i b l e
the
pr
e dic t ion w a s t o be espec i ally
Moreover
fu llled in t he descendants o f E phraim who wer e t o
*
become a mult i t ude or m ore correc t ly an assembly
of na t ions (G e n xlviii
This was certainly never
fullled pre v i ous t o the cas t ing a w ay of t he Ten Tribes
N or can it apply to m illennial times aft e r t he re st o ra
t ion of all Israel t o t h e l a n d of t heir fathers when i t i s
expressly s t ated t ha t t hey are to form o n e na t ion u nd e r
one king We are 1 1 1 short shu t up t o t he conclusio n
tha t t he d e scendan t s o f E phra i m e x is t a t t h e presen t
day under ano t her nam e as a na t i on and a n assembly
o f nations or t ha t the Word of God i s fals e
This equally applies to t he prediction tha t j acob s
seed should spread abroad t o t h e east and t o
.

"

'

i n t h i s p a ssa g e i s i n t h e
m u l t i t ud e

n u mb e r
or
a s se mbl y
S e p tu ag i n t P le t hos
a
m u l ti t u d e
T h e re a re s o m e w h o h av e c o n f u se d i t w it h t h e w o rd P le rom a a

f u l n e s s o r c o m p l e t i o n w h i c h i n su c h a c o n n e c t i o n , w o u l d
b e v a g u e a n d u n m e a n in g

w o rd

T he

tra n sl a t e d

'

I S RAE L

B R I TA I N

IN

the wes t and to t he n or t h and to t he sou t h (Gen


xxvi i i
i mplying vas t colon i al expan sio n which i s
also indica t e d by the predi c t ion with regard to t h e
H i s horns are like t he horns
descendants of Jose p h
o f un i corns an d wi t h them he shall push the people
t o ge ther to t he ends of the earth and they are t he
\
f
thousands of E phra i m and t he t housands o
te n
Manasseh (
Deu t xxx i ii
Th e re is also t he pre
dic t i on o f Balaam
H e shall pour t he w
a t er ou t of his

bucke t s and his seed shall be in m a n y vv a t e rs and his


king shall be higher t han Agag and his ki n gdom sh all

be exalted (Numb xxiv


These p rophecies i mply that t he desce n dan t s o f Jacob
and o f Joseph o r of E phr a im 1 n par t i c ular were to
becom e a great and powerful empire wi t h c olonies or
posse ssions all over the ear t h and t hat such an empire
must ther e fore e xis t at t he pr e sent day
The Ten Trib e s after be i ng cas t away were to be
wan derers among t he n ations and in t he s a v a ge and
inhospi t able s t a t e o f a large port i on o f t h e world a t
t hat ti me would speedily relapse i nto a s t a t e of semi
barbarism like the rs t p i oneer se t t lers i n North
Amer i c a and bei n g w i t hout records i n a b r
ief period
would lose all m emory o f their fe r m er nam e and co n
d i t ion
The same loss of former reco r
ds mus t have bee n
t he case w 1 t h the modern n a t ion s o f E urope who
are to take part in t he conic t s o f the last d ays
F o r i n t h e predictions o f th a t period the n at i o n s
who take part i n t he se con i cts are all called by t he
n ames o f anci e nt na t i ons and we can only conclu de
t herefore that the m odern n at i o n s are the i rli n eal
descendan t s S o it mus t be w i t h t he House o f Israel
or the Ten Tribes We must look for their foretold
empire and numerous colonies and dependen c ies under
another name
The re is only
n
n
atio
an
d
ra
c e in t he w orld at the
one
present time which fu ll s t he p redic t ions t ha t ha v e
.

'

'

'

PRO PH E C I E S

RE
FU
TU

T HE

OF

be e n m e n t io n e d and t h a t i s Bri t ai n and the An glo


S axon rac e
Bri t ain an d her great colo n ies cons t i tu t e
a na t ion and a compan y o f n a t io n s and t he Anglo
S a x on race have spread abroad all over t he ear t h t o
the wes t and t he east and t he n orth and the sou t h
Ther e are o t her prop h ecies which n ecessita t e t he
existence of a great I sraeli t ish Power at the present
day viz t hose which foretell Israel s remarkable w a r
like pro w ess l n the las t days The prophecy o f Balaam
clearly refers t o t he period o f I srael s great colonial

ex pansion when h i s Seed sha ll be in m any wa t ers


an d t he conquests o f Israel a re d i s t inc t ly s t at e d by

B alaam to take place in


the lat t er days
The
prophecy s ays , Behold t he peo ple shall rise up as a
grea t lion and lift himself up as a young lion h e shall
not lie do w n un t il he eat o f t he prey and drink the
blood of the slain H e ha t h as it were t he s t ren gth of
a n unicorn : he shall ea t up t he n ations h i s enemies
and shall break th e ir bon e s and p i erce them thro u gh

wi t h h i s arrows (Numb x xi i i 2 4 xx i v
The prophe t M i c a h a l s o speaking of t he las t days
when many nations shall be ga t hered against Israel
says
Aris e and thresh O daughter o f Z ion for I will
mak e thin e horn iron and I will m ake thy hoofs brass :

i
l
and thou sha t beat l n p i eces m any p eople
A nd
the remn ant of Jacob shall be among the Gen t iles in
the m i d st o f m any people a s a lion a m ong the beasts of
the fores t an d as a youn g lion a m ong the ocks of
sheep : w h o if he go t hrough bo t h treadeth do wn and

teareth in p i eces and n one can del i ver


According
to t he days o f thy comi n g out of the land of E gyp t will
I she w unto him m arvellous t hings The n ations shall

se e
and be astonished a t all their might e t c (Micah

iv 1 1 1 3 v 5 8 V i i 1 5
The prophet Jeremiah wri t ing long after the cap
t i v i t y o f the Ten Tribes represen t s G o d as s a yi n g g o f

Israel Thou art My battle axe and weapo n s of war


for wi t h t h e e wi l l I break in p i eces the nat i ons and

w i th the e will I destroy k i ngdoms (Jer li 1 9


,

B R I TA I N

IN

I S R A EL

also speaking of t he t ime when al l


ga t hered again st Jerusal e m refer s to
n ations shall be
the i r destruc t ion by t h e combined forces of Israel o r
T h us i t is wr i t t en
When I
E phraim and Judah
have ben t Judah for Me lled t he bow wi t h E phraim
an d ra i sed up t hy son s O Z ion and m ade thee a s the
s w ord o f a m i ghty m an
The L ord o f hos t s h as
vis i t ed His ock the house o f J u dah ; and m ade t hem as
His goodly horse in t he ba tt le
A n d they shall
be as mighty m e n which t read down t heir e n e m l e s l n
t he mire o f the stree t s i n t he bat t le a n d t hey shall
ght because the L ord is with them
And they of
E p hraim shall be as a mighty m an and t heir hearts

shall rej oice a s thro u gh wine e t c (Z e c h ix 1 3 x


Z echariah ,

3 5
3

These prophec i es have never been fullled , a n d it i s


clearly impossible to refer them t o m i llenn i al times

when the peoples sh a ll beat their swords in t o plow


shares and t heir spe ars i nto pru n i n g hooks : nat i o n
shall n o t l i ft up sword against nation neither shall they

learn war any more (Isa ii 1


The prophe c ies
were also given af t e r the cas t in g away o f the Ten
Tribes showing that t heir fullmen t w a s to be in t he
future and the i r context clea rly shows tha t th e y refer
t o the las t days v i z t hose in which we are now
l iving
They are t herefore a co n rma t ion of t h e
prophecies which sho w that Israel or E phraim mus t b e
a powerful natio n at t h e present time a n d as no nation
but the Bri t ish answers to t he foretold descript i on i t
is d i fcult t o rej ect t h e con c l usion that they are Israel
We may r e fer also t o t h e remarkable prowess of the
British i n war duri n g the pas t w hich although i t ma y
not fully answer to the language o f t he prophecies
which have been quoted m ay well be an earnes t a n d
foreshadow o f what they m a y be capable when aided
by G o d the n ation pu t s forth i t s full stren g th
There are o t he r p redictions which al t hough of mi n or
im p ortance m u s t b e regarded as co n rma t ion of t h i s
conclusion
,

PROPH ECI E S

THE

OF

UT UR E

There i s t he predi c t ion that t h e d e scenda n t s of Jo s e ph


were to possess all t h e precio u s fr u i t s of t h e ear t h
and s e a the c h ief things of the a ncient mo u n t ains and
Deu
t
x
ii
i
t h e precious t hings o f the l as t ing hills
x
x
(
1 3
In o t her words t hey were t o possess all t he
valuable frui t s of t he ear th t h e p rod u cts of the s e a
and t h e vast m in e r al prod u c t s which a re chi ey foun d
i n hills and moun t ain s
This exac t ly applies t o Bri t ain an d t he United S t a t es
N o o t h e r n a t ion can compare t o them in riches
The i r
iron hi n and coal mines have b een t he founda t ion o f
t heir eal t h and t hey a t presen t po ssess all the pri n ci
pal gold silver copper diam ond and o t her mines i n
t he world They own all t he most valuable sheries
a n d t h e rich and increasing pr o
ducts o f t he lan d s they
p ossess all over the world m ake them in d ependent o f
any other sources of supply S o comple t e a fullment
o f t he proph e cy t o t he Bri t ish race a lon e i s a strong
conrma t ion tha t t hey are t he pe ople o f whom i t was
foretold
It w a s also for e t old t ha t t hey should possess th e

ga t e o f t heir enemies (Gen xxii i


The t erm g a t e i s
used in S crip t ure to deno t e those points o f vantage
whe t her fortied o r not which com m and the entry t o
a co u ntry and t herefore g i ve t o the n at i on po sse ssin g
them exc e p t ional advantages over t heir enemies
Great Britain possesses these ga t es all over t h e
world The la t e Admiral P H Colomb wro t e in a
priz e e ssay o n t h e na v a l powe r o f Br i tain : It i s w o rt h
while to no t e h o w a sort o f destiny h a s possessed u s
n o t only wi t h a comm and over all the great commercial
routes bu t with t he ga t es o f t hose rou t es E gyp t i t is
well understood now is t ied t o us by t h e bonds o f
fri e n dship and in t eres t and gi v es us the gate of t he
R e d Sea rou t e to the E ast we already h old the ga t e of
the Medi t erran ea n (Gibral t ar ) and the ou t er gate o f t he
R e d S ea (
Aden )
Galle is the ga t e leading to the e ast
and so u t h -e ast t ra de rou t es ; S ingapore t ha t o f the

w
,

I S R AE L

I O

B R I TA I N

IN

C h i na and Jap a n highways The Cape o f Good H op e


forms the ga t e o f all eastern trade rou t e s in the south e rn
he m isphere ; while t h e Falkland I slands command t h e
ga t e o f all w e stern rou t es there Possessed of t hese
gates h o w are o u r enem i es to p ass them ? If they do
pass the m what ho p es are there of su c c e ss against Ou r
t rade so long as w e hold o u r chains of pos t s intact wi t h
su f cien t mar i t i me forces restin g o n them ? The an swer

i s c lear Non e
Perh aps t he m os t remarkable t hing abou t t he British
E m p ire is t ha t i t has n o t been acq u ired by us from a
lus t of c onques t bu t has be e n forced upo n us agains t
our wishes from the n ecess i t y of s e lf-defence in coun
t ries where we were a t rs t peaceably establish e d for
com m erce O ur Indian empire i s a remarkable illus t ra
tion o f this Mr Jenkins British R esident fo r twent y
years a t Nagpore sa i d i n h i s evidence before Parlia
m en t? o n March 2 7 I 8 3 Z :
Th e rise and progress o f
o u r p ower i n Ind i a h ave been rap i d and m a r v ellous
Unl ike other empires durs has been in a grea t degree
forced upon us ; bu i lt up at almos t every step again s t
our deli b erate resolution t o a v o i d it in the face I m ay
s a y of e v e r
y o p p o s m o n which c ould be give n i t by the
i
E very su c cessive Gover n or General sent
L eg slature

from this c oun t ry under t he A c t containing the well


kno w n d enun c iatio n aga i nst conquest and extension of

terr i tory have seen reason to enter in t o w a rs and


negoti ations d e fe n s w e i n their obj ec t but ge n erally
t erm i nating in that very ex t ension of t err i t ory wh i ch

w e s o mu c h dreaded
T
N o thin g is more signicant than th i s
It i s the
evidence o f a h i gher p ower controll i ng the destin i es of
t he nat i on and i n t h e fa c e of all the o t h e r e v i d e n c e on
the s u bj e c t i t would see m t o be t h e worst k i nd o f u n b e
lief to shu t our eyes to the obv i o us c o n c l u s w n
'

87 8
*
,

r
n a l of U
i
n
o
u
d
S
v
I
u
o
t
e
e
r
i
i
n
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t
t
i
t
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XC I V

Vol

XXI I

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t
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r
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f
o
"

T he

Ki n g s

of

t he

E a st

Se e le ys

Fl e

S t re e t

P R O P HE C I E S

T HE

OF

UT URE

I I

Mention m ay also be m ade o f t he ordina n ce o f the


S abba t h , the k e epin g of which was t o be a sign be t w een
The
G od and Israel th at they w e re His peop l e
children o f Israel sh all kee p t he S abbath to observe
S abbath throughou t their generation s for a per
t he
"
ee
l
t
i
s a
r
e be i we e n
covenant
u
a
M
e
a
a

e
t
n
p
g

I
e az la r
sr
ae l
or e v e r
E
xod
xxxi
The
en o
6
1
f
f
(
keeping of the S abba t h was in i t self a proof o f pie ty and
respec t for G o d a n d as lon g as t hey kep t it God i r
i
spite o f m any sins recognised t he m as His people ; but
when in t he la t ter t ime o f the kingdo m they ceased t o
do So God cast them o ff and refu sed to acknowledge
them as H is people
O n the Continen t and in o t her na t ion s t he S abbath i s
wholly ignored s ave in one or t w o where i t is observed
for a few ho u rs only Bu t in Bri t ai n the observance o f
the S abbath is the law of the land an d al t hough i n

con sequence of t he fore t old falling away m any n o w


evade the l aw yet all business in every ci t y and v i llage
in the kingdom is suspended a n d the S abba t h i s o u t
w a rd ly at leas t a day of res t an d quietness and has
be e n s o ever since Pro t estantism becam e the rel i gio n of

t he n ation
If then the keeping of the S abba t h was to be a cove
n ant sign bet w een God and Israel that they were H is
people h o w can we avo i d t he c o n c l u s 1 o n t ha t the
British are t ha t people
I t may also be remarked tha t the Brit i sh obey all t he
o t her demands o f the old coven ant m ade with Israel
The British l aws are base d o n those g iven by G od t o
Israel and are enforced to ri c h and poor alike with a
j us t ice and equi t y unknown in o t her n a t ions The c o m
m and to help the poor and needy i s a lso str i c tly obeyed
a s m ay be seen by th e numerous benevolen t i n s t itutions
and socie t ies fo rt he assistance o f the poor and the

'

"

ii

T h e S a bb a t h i s a l so

p e o p l e of t h o se
i g i n a l st o c k
sa m e o r

bu t t he
t he

o b s e rv e d i n D e n m a rk N o rw ay a n d S w e d e n
i e s c a n b e s h o w n t o h a v e s p ru n g f ro m
c oun t r
,

as

t he

B ri t i sh

I SRAE L

12

IN

B R ITAIN

s u fferin g and in t he fact t ha t every appeal for help i n


any case of undeserved hardsh i p and suffering i s i m
mediately responded t o N o other nation can compare
w i t h t h e Bri t ish in these respec t s Finally ,t h e repea t ed
inj unctions t o Israel t o receive and show kindness t o
strangers is scrupulously obeyed i n t h is co u n t ry which
has becom e in conseque n ce a home an d sanctuary f or
the refugees from every other n a t i on I n short i m ay
be said tha t the Br i tish are i n the same c o v e n a n rela
tion to G o d as w ere the Isra e lites of o l d w hen t h e y
obeyed t he dem ands of that covenan t
,

C HAPT E
I SR A EL

II

J UD A H

AN D

h as

been asser t ed by som e people t ha t t he Ten


T ribes were n ever los t b u t t h a t after be i ng carried
a way capti v e t hey j oi n ed t h e two tribes o f Judah
an d Benj amin and are now included among t he people
kno w n a s Je w s If this ass e r t ion was correc t there h a s
b e en n o fullment o f t he propheci es tha t h ave been re
ferred to and the indel would be full y j us t ied in deny
ing t heir div i ne inspiration The asser t io n how e ver i s
direc t ly opposed to the s t a t emen t s o f S crip t ure
From the t im e of t he separa t ion o f t he Ten Tr i bes
under J e ro b o a m t hey a re spoken o f as dis t inc t from

J u dah by t he t erms Israel and Judah or the Hous e

and t he H ous e o f Judah Israel was carried


o f I srael
a way cap t ive in t o Media 1 3 0 years before Judah was
taken t o B abylon ; and while Israel ceased t o be recog
n i se d any longer by God as His people this was n ever
t he case with Judah Thus i n the Prophe t H osea God
says :
I will no more have mercy upon t he house o f
Israel b u t I will u tt erly take them away Bu t I will
have m ercy upon the house o f Judah and w ill save

them by t he L o r
d thei r G o d
And again speaking
of Isra e l He said : Ye are no t My people and I will

no t be your God
Nevertheless i t is added
" e t t he number of t he
children of Israel shall be as t he s and o f t he s e a wh i ch
cannot b e m easured nor numbered ; and i t sh all com e
to p a ss th a t in t he place where i t w a s said u nto them
Ye are no t My people there shall it be sai d u n t o t hem
" e are the so n s of t he living G o d
6
Hosea
i
(
T

I SRAE L

Where t hen are the se

B R I TA I N

I N

nnumbered millions o f t he
House o f Israel who are t o restored t o the favour o f
G o d ? They ca n n o t be t he Jews fo r th e la t ter scat
t e re d all over the world do not exceed twelve millions ;
bu t t he prophecy i s in com p lete accorda n ce with tho se
which speak of the v as t fu t ure in c rease o f Israel and
especially o f the descendants o f Joseph
The prophet also says : T h e chi ldren of Israel sh all
abide m any days w i t hout a king a n d wi t hout a prince
and without a sacrice and without a pillar and with
after w ard shall
o u t a n ephod a n d w ithout t eraphim :
the ch i ldre n of Israel re t urn an d seek the L or d their
God and D avid t heir kin g ; a n d shall fear the L ord and

His goodness m t ae la tt e r cl ay s (Hosea iii 4


The latter part o f the pre d ict i on is s t r i ct ly in a c c o r
dance w ith t he foretold restoration o i Israel t o the favour
and the former port i on can only apply to Israel
o f God
For t he Jews never wholly ceased to observe t heir re
l i g i o u s ordinances even during their capt i v ity aft er
wh i ch they were fu lly res t ored and con t inued un t i l apos
tolic times and have be en carefully observed by the m
as far as possible ever s i nce But Israel were t o be
wanderers among th e n ation s and t o serve th e ir gods
The passage therefore can only refer to Israel and is
a fu rther evidence o f the separat i on o f the t w o na t ions
Mor e over we shall s e e that the progenitors o f t h e
British exac t ly fu llled the prediction As w a s for e told
of Israel they were for cen t uries wanderers am ong the
n ations worshippers of the heathen gods and w i th
out any o f the ordinances of tr ue relig i on They were
also w i thout a king and without a prince being divided
into a multitude o f separa t e tribes Nor did this wholly
cease unt i l the u n i on of E ngland and S co t l and It is
also a fa c t t hat at the R eforma t io n in the latter days
t he na t i on began t o seek t he true God and in spi t e of
many s e t backs t he t r u th rece i ved by it at that t ime
may cer t ainl y be regarded as a rs t s t ep i n i t s fore t old
regene ratio n
u

I S R AE

DAH
U
J

AND

the prophecies which speak o f their res t oration the


two n a t ions are referred t o separa t ely as the house of

I srael
the ho u se of Judah as in Jer xxx 4
an d
x xxi
and
t
he
Prophet
Hosea
always
dis
1
t
c
e
3
or E phr a im and Judah
t i n g u i s h e s the m as Israel
Moreover by cu t ting asu n der a sta ff the separation o f
Jud a h and Israel was symbolised by the Prophet
T h e brotherhood between I srael an d Judah
Z echariah
Z ech xi
Nor was th i s separa
w a s t o be bro ken (
t io n t o cease until the time o f their restorat i on to their
o w n land
Thi s w a S foretold by t he Prophet E zekiel under the
symbolis m of t w o sticks on one o f which he was told to
wri t e For Judah and th e children of Israel his com

panions
and o n t he o t her For Joseph t he sti c k of

E phraim and all t he house of Israel hi s comp anion s


The proph e t i S t old t ha t God will oin these t w o sticks
and m ake t hem o n e i n His hand and He adds
I will
t ak e t h e childre n o f I srael fro m among the hea t hen and
w ill ga t her t hem\ on every side and b ring them i nt o
their own land A n d I will make t h em o n e na t ion in
t he l a n d u p o n t he mountains of Israel ; and o n e king
S h all be king t o t h e m all : and t /
ze
s/
z a ll o
n o m or
e
e
y
t wo n a t i on s nei t her S hall t hey be divided i n t o t wo ki n g
zek
xxvii
a om s any more at all
E
x
1
5
(
No words can m ore s t rongly emphasize the fact tha t
un t il t he time o f their r e stora t ion t o their o w n land the
House of Judah and the House of Israel o r E p h ra l m are
t o r e m ain two dist i nc t n ations
It i s conclus i v e pro of
tha t t he la t ter are no t incorpora t ed with the Jews bu t
I

m u st
nu

e x i st a t

m be rs

t ae

r
s
e
e
p

ca n n ot

nt

m om e n t

be m e a su re a

a s a se

n or n u

a ra t e

m be re d

se
l
e
m
/
z
o
p

eo

To

this conc l usion t h e re appears to be no reply ; bu t


i ncluded i n
t hose who argue t ha t the Ten Tribes a r
e
t he people known as the Jews base their a rgument o n
the fact t ha t t he apostles s peak of the Jews a s the

a nd
in one ca s e addressed t hei r
H o u se of Israel

e pis t le s t o
the t welve t ribes
The r e aso n fo r t hei r
doing s o i s however easily explai n ed
,

I S RAE L

B R I TA I N

IN

T he

religious ordina n ces o f the n a t i on were to be


conduc t ed at t he t em p le i n Jerusalem and after the
separation o f the Ten Tribes from Judah and Be n j am i n
numbers o f pious Israelites including m any L evites
from the Ten Tribes came to worship at Jerusalem
ra t her than submit to the B aal worship ins t i t uted by
Jeroboam Mention i s m ade of others who did so i n
1 6
xv 9 a nd xxx 1 1 1 8 and we m ay
xi
2 Chron
therefore conclude tha t t here were also m any who did
s o at d i fferen t periods
The s t a t ement of God t o E lij ah
I have reserv ed t o
M y self seven t housand m e n who have n o t bowed the

knee unto Baal shows that there w a s dur i ng t hese

t i mes a n election according to grace am on g the Ten


Tr i bes who would t herefore cas t in t heir lo t w i t h
Judah and who were presum ably saved from t he cap
t i v i t y which over t ook t he rest
S ome of t hose who
j oin e d Judah re t urned bu t t hat numbers did no t i s
proved by t he fact t ha t in t he t ime of Hezekiah many
of Israel dwel t in the ci t ies o f Judah
o f t he House
h
t
e
Chron
xxxi
and
as
this
was
j
us
t
before
2
(
captivity o f the T e n Tribes they w ould have escaped
that captiv i t y an d from henceforth have been i n
with
t
he
two
tribes
Tha
t
t
his
was
the
case
c or
r
t
d
o
e
a
p
and tha t there were a n d are now many represen t atives
o f the Ten Tribes among the Jews
i s clear from t he
sta t ement o f E zekiel whe n foretelling the fu t ure re
un i on o f the t w o n ations
He speaks o f Judah as

z z l a re n o
sra e l 122s com a n i on s
Judah and t he e /
I
p
f
The Ten Tribes were removed to the distant regio n s
o f Media
wi t h which a t that time there were only
t edious means of c ommunicat i on and where they would
there fore be lost to human ken Whe n t herefore nearly
t w o centur i es
i
ater
the
two
tr
b
es
with
m
a ny of t he
l
prie st s and L ev i tes and represe n t a t ives o f the other
t r i bes returned fro m B abylon they would na t urally
regard t he m selves as the sole representa t ives of Israel
more especially as t he re st of the T e n Tribes if they
,

'

'

'

I S RA E L

DAH
U
J

AND

existed had been declared by God t o be cas t o ff by Him


and t o b e n o lo n ger His people
This would be equally the case i n the t ime of t h e
apos t les who would therefore speak o f the Jews and
L e vites and the represen t a t ives o f the T e n Tribes a s

t he House of Israel an d would be perfec t ly j us t ied


in addressi n g t hem as
the twelve t ribes sca t tered

abroad
But who w e re t he people sca tt ered abroad t hrough
o u t t he ci t ies o f t h e R oman E mpire P and who in every
city wi ths t ood and raised up persecution against t he
apos t les P The great m aj ority o f t hem were Jews and
are therefore always spoken o f as Jews
Thus t h e
people to whom Pe t er preached on the day of Pen t ecos t

and whom he ad d ressed as a ll t /z e H ou se of I sra e l


are s t ated t o have been
Jews o u t o f every n a t ion

under heaven who had come t o Jer u s a lem for t h e

feast (Ac t s ii 5 1 1 3 6 )
If a t any t ime any of t he T e n Tribes had m ade t hei r
way from M e dia t o Pales t ine or to any of the citi e s o f
t he R oman E mpire t he fact wo u ld cert ainly have been
known to t he Jews b u t t here i s not a hint of s u ch a
t hing I f anyone would have known of it i t w ould
have been the J e w i sh his t orian Josephus bu t h e d i s
t i n c t ly s t ates :
There are b u t two t ribes in Asia a n d
E u rope subj e c t t o t he R om ans while t he Ten Tribe s
are beyond the E up h ra t es till n o w and are an immense

mul t i t ude no t t o be estim a t ed by numbers


They were t o b e wanderers amo n g the na t ions (Hose a
ix I 7 )
,

13

W h i st o n s Jo se phu s B oo k
'

XI

ha p

se c t

ii

V ol I I
.

C HAPT E
S C" T H I A N S

THE

I II
M A S S A G E UE

AN D

i
l
e
s
r
King
of
Assyria
N t he year 7 4 3 B C T i g
e
p
car ried away t he thr e e t ribes o f R euben Gad and
t he hal f t ribe of Manasse h who dwel t on t he east
and placed them i n t h e cit i es o f t he
o f t he Jordan
Medes and in 7 2 2 B C Shal m aneser carried away the
remainder of the Ten Tribes and placed them in the
same locali ty
Fifty years after w ards o r about 6 7 0 B C in t he reign
of Ardys King of Lydia we nd two larg e bodies of
emigran t s moving nort hward ou t of Media crossing
t he river Araxes t o the south of the Caucasus and
making t heir way be t w e e n t he E uxine and Cas p ian
Seas The rst body even t ually set t led o n the norther n
a n d wes t ern shores of t he E uxine and t he second and
larger body spread over t he western nort hern and
*
eas t ern shores of t he Caspian Sea

The rs t body were known t o t h e Greeks as S cu t h ae

or
called by t he L atin s S cyt h i
from
S cu t h a i

z re e
whence our term S cythians and consis t ed of t /
t ribes w h ile t he second and larger body were called

M a s sa g e t ae
I t w ill b e see n tha t they remarkably cor
responded bo th in t hei r re lative hp ositions and the
locali t y from whence t hey came wi t h t he three t ribes of
R euben Gad and Manasseh who wer e rs t carried
cap tives and wi t h t he remainder of the Ten Tribes
T h ey were all recognised by t he Greeks a s of similar
ra ce and habi t s and w e re all called by t he Persians
.

lat h

if

H e ro d

1 5, 1
1

6,

IV

5, 7,

1 1

THE

S CYTHIAN S

MA S S A G E TI E

AN D

S ac ae a lt hough t he la tt er n ame was more especially


appli e d to t he M as s a g e t ae

The Gre e ks called some of t he S cy t hian s G e t ae


a

word mean i ng husban dmen


farmer s or S hep

herds
while the t er m M a ss a g e t ae applied t o the

m ore dis t an t t ribes mean t


t he fur t h e r G e t ae

m assa being from m asson


further or m ore

remo t e
These term s exac t ly described t heir occupa t ion
The M a s s a g e t ae raised large quan t i t ies of whe a t and
were also shepherds E phorus speaking of them as

t he sheep feeding S ac ae
The S cy t h ian s also
possessed large herds o f ca tt le and horses and lived
1
chiey on milk an d cheese
This was t he characteristic employmen t o f t h e
I sraeli t es from the earlies t ti m es
Thy ser v ants are

shepherds
t hey s aid t o Pharaoh when t hey came t o
E gyp t
They are also spoken of as S hepherds in
Maneth o s history and Josephus says tha t th i s was t he
occupa t ion of t h e na t i on from the mos t ancien t t imes 1
I t would be only n atural tha t t hey would resume t heir
o ccupa t ion among t he pas t oral p e oples of Media and in
the wild coun t ry to which t h e y migrated

The word S c u t h ae dropping the Greek plural i s

S ou t h and S cy t hia is called Scu t a in t he B e his tun


inscrip t ion of the t i me of Cyrus ; t h e word means wan

being derived from a Hebre w word meani n g to


d e re rs

move t o and fro or to wander I The word is t hus


ha t t heir prophets fore t old t hey
e x ac t ly descrip t ive of W
would become Th e y were to b e wanderers among t he
n a t i ons
f
Hosea
ix
T
ey
migh
t
there
ore
na
t
urally
1
h
(
adop t t he t i t le when t hey found t hemselves fullli n g
t he prediction This charac t eristic was also applied by
Ch e e ri lu s quo t ed by E phor u s t o t he S ac ae or Massa
f
r
g e t ae o he s ays of t hem
T h e S h e ep feeding S ac ae a
,

96

S tra b o Bo o k V I I
r
o
s
e
phu
C
o
a Ap i o n
n
s
t
J

if

Pa rkh u rst

xi c o n

h ap

B oo k

S ku b a lo n

iii
I

7 9

h ap x i v

a n d N o te
.

I S RAE L

20

B R IT A I N

IN

people o f Scy thian race ; bu t t hey inhab i ted whea t


producing As i a Truly t hey were a colony o f wandere rs

"

N
a
righ
t
eous
race
o
m
a
d
e
S
(
)

The word S ac ae
o r dropping the Greek pl ural

is prac t ically t he same word as Isaac for t he


sac
I is not esse n tial t o t he name Now it seems certai n
\
that many o f the Israeli t es in t he i r cap t iv i ty call e d
themselves by the name of Isaac i n s t ead o f Israel fo r it
i s sta t ed by Mr Wilson that the Nineveh marbles
record the rebell i on of a peo p le who called themselves

Beth Isaac or House o f I s a a c T This rebellion


could only refer to one by the Israelites of the Ten
Tr i bes who had been carried capt i ve t o Media then a
p ar t of t he Assyr i an dominions and who we re t here
fore subj ec t t o Assyria
N o w S hortly after t he cap t ivi t y of t he Ten Tribes
t h e g a rm y o f Sennacherib
King o f Assyria was de
stroyed before Jerusalem 7 1 2 B C and t he Medes
probably t aking ad vantage of t his rose i n revolt against
t he Assyrians and succ e eded i n thro w ing o ff t heir yoke
i n the year 7 1 0 B C :t
A s it is certain that t he capt i ve
Israelites in Media would j o i n i n this revolt and par
take o f the acquired i ndependence i t is evident that
th i s must be the rebellion of the House of Isaac men
Perh aps i t was largely
t i o n e d on the Assyrian marbles
due t o their assis t ance tha t t he Medes were suc c essful
I t would also be natural tha t the Israeli t es taki n g
advantage o f their freedom would push grad u ally
nor t hward wi t h their ocks and herds in order to b e
beyond the reach of t he Assyrian power
It may seem s t range tha t t hey S hould have called
themselves by the n ame of Isaac ; Bu t we nd Am o s
t h e prophet of the Ten Tribes S peaking of them a s

t he House of Isaac and t heir i dola t rous places o f

worship a s
the high places of Isaac (Amos vii 9
.

S t ra b o
e
u
o
t
d
b
y
1"
ii

'

H e rod

B oo k I I I c h a p ii i 9

p 75
T h e S e e d of I saac

B oo k I c h ap s xc v c i
.

T HE
6)

S CYTHIAN S AND M A S S A G E T I E

21

This w a s j us t befo re t heir cap t ivi t y and it was


perhaps i n antic i pation o f the ti me whe n t hey were t o
be no longer regarded as I s ra e l t he chosen people of
God and migh t a c c o u n t for their calling t he m selves
by the n ame o f Isaac rather t han Israel i n their cap
1

Th i s appe ars to be the origin of the word S acs or


S ac ae
More o ver t he sam e people w h o called t hem

S e lves
H o u se of Isaac
are called o n t he Nineveh

E s a ks
ka
m arbles
N o w the t ermination

sig n ie d both l n B abylon and E gypt H o use o f or

son of 1 and E s a kska would thus mean House

of
or sons of E s a k or Isaac It w o uld also appear
t h at this was the very name by which t he S ac ae were
aft er w ards called i n t he Persian lang u age viz
S aca
s u na (sons of S ac o r I saac )
T h ere seem s t o be
t h ere fore strong grounds for concluding tha t t he S ac ae
were Israeli t es of t he Ten Tribes This con clusion is
co nr m ed by other evidence

The S ac ae wer e also called the Gimri o r K i m ri

t he G being cons t antly replaced by t he K as in


Ke lt a i for G a l a t a i They are s o called in an inscr i p t ion
quoted by Professor R awlinson o f the reign of E sar
h addon He says
This i s the rst occasion on which
t he Gim ri are m e ntione d The same n ame occurs in
the Babylonian columns of t he Behis t un and o t her
S ac ae ) of the
i p t i o n s where it represen t s the S aka (
1 n scr

Persians It

The name Gimri or K i m ri according t o R a w

l i nson signi e d
The tribes
a term em i nent ly
descrip t ive of Israel and t h e land of Israel was called

by the A ssyrians the coun t ry o f Kumri as on a pave


men t S lab a t N inev e h where I v a l u sh K i ng of Assyria
,

'

'

of I sa a c p 7 5

n
m
t
h
a
e
s
m
t
o
of
e
of
i
i
r
a
a
s
i
n
a
n
k
A
n
t
h
e
t
r
e
I

k i n g s m e a n in g so n of ra o r so n of t h e su n

ag e 4 8 1
R
wl
i
o
H
o
V
o
l
p
n
s
r
n
s
e
d
;
3

H e ro d
p ag e 1 8 3
R a wl i n s o n s
"

'

T he Se

t he

Egyp t i an

I S RAE L

22

B R I TA I N

IN

is spok e n of a s receiving t ribute from t he lan d of

I
Khumri or S a m a ri a ? Also on a m arble found by
S argon King of Assyria came up
R anken i t i s said
ibes o f t he Ho u se
a gains t t he ci t y of S am ar 1 a a n d t he t r
of K ym ri and carried captives in t o Assyria

families I

t he
The
u
i s constan t ly replaced by t he
in t erchange being universa l in L a t in words of Greek
orig i n and i t i s eviden t t hat Kymr i Ku mri and Gimri
are m e rely di ff erent ways o f S pelling the same word
These reco rds are t herefore conclusive evidence th at
t he Sac ae or Gimri were a por t i on of the t ribes of
Israel
A fur ther change in t he spelli n g o f the w ord was t he

in
as
subs t i tution o f t he hard
C
for the
K

Cy m ri
for Kymri and j ust as t he S ac ae were

call e d Gimri o r Kymri s o the Scy t hians to t he

north o f the E u xine were c alled Cy m ri the latter


wo rd being pronoun ced by m oderns S y m rzl
It i s well k nown that the Cy m ri
ar
e t he sa m e a s

the Cimbri a corrup t ion of the word by t he L a t i ns


N o w t he original i nh abitants of t he country to the
north of t he E uxine were the Cimmerians w h o were
dr i ven out o f t hat coun t ry by t he thre e S cyt hian t ribes
who pursued t h em into Asia Minor i Their coun t ry

was called Cimmeria and the Bosphorus the Cim

merian Bosphorus b u t after their expulsion the lat t er

w a s called the
Cimbr i an Bosphorus
Bu t as i n
numerous other cases the newcomers were often called
by the n ame of the co n quered country Thus Strabo
remarks
The Greeks call t he C i mbri
l
j ust as we s p eak o f the B ri t i s h i n Australia a s
A ustral i a ns T h i s S hows h o w e y e r t hat t h e three tr i b e s
of Scy th i ans who occupied Cimmer i a and drove ou t
E

'

" " u o t e d by

B ri t a i n s I m pe ria l D e st i n y

H e ro d I V

Stra b o B oo k V I I
I"
:

I I

ha p

ii

p ag

12

T HE

S C " THIAN S

AN D

the

M A S S A G E T ZE

23

Cimmerians were the Cimbri or Cym ri and wholly


dis t inc t from t he Cimm erians
I t wo u ld app e ar t ha t t h e Cimm e ri or Ki m m e ri
were t h e same as t he G o m e ro i t h e desce n da n t s of
Gomer a s o n of J a ph e t
and Josephus says tha t
Gom e r founded t hose whom the Greeks n o w call

G ala t a i
but w e re t h e n called G o m e ro i t
The

G a la t a i
ar
e
of course t he Ke l t a i or K e l t s
G a l a t a i being also corr u p t ed by t he R oma n s in t o

Galli from whence our word


Gauls
A s a fur t her evi d e nce t h a t t h e S cy t hians who e x
l
l
d
e
e
Cim
merian
s
from
t
he
northern
shor
s
of
t
he
e
p
E uxin e were a por t ion of t he Ten Trib e s P t ol e m y

places t he T 0 5 Manassa which means t he ba n ish e d

Man asseh in t he country of t he Ch o m a ri or G o m e ri


t hat i s t he cou n t ry of t he
I t m ay be
r e marked that t he pro m ise of grea t increas e t o t h e
so n s of Joseph wo u ld have probably m ade the t ribe of
Manass e h s o n u m e ro u s a s t o eclipse t he t wo o t her
\
t rib e s and i t i s also highly probabl e t ha t t he t wo half
trib e s would have u ni t ed in S cy t hia i n which case t he
Cymry w
ould b e chi e y composed of t h e desc e n dan t s of
M a n asseh
T h e e migra t ion of t he Ten Tribes to t he nor t h i s
also m e n t ioned by E sdras whos e books altho u gh no t
canonic al a re not wi t hou t value a s his t orical r e co rds
He says t hat the Ten Tribes t ook couns e l among
t hem s elves that t hey would leave t he mul t i t u d e of t h e
h e a th en a n d go fo rth in t o a fu rth e r co u n t ry whe re
m an dwel t Wh ere t hey migh t keep the laws
n ever
which t h e y had neve rkep t in t heir own land (2 E sdras
I t i s clear tha t the wilds of S cy t hia a t
xiv 4 1
t ha t time w a s exactly descript ive o f such a co u nt ry
H e also says t ha t t he nam e of the r e gio n w a s
,

'

h s Di c t i o n a ry of t h e B i bl e

i
se
s
V
l
o
hu
h
p
I
c
a
v
o
1 J p
Fo rst e r o n Prim e v a l L a n g u ag e
S m it

N G o m e r

1 49

M oo re ,

T he L

o st T rib e s

"
,

I S RA E L

24

A rs a re t h

I N

B R I TA I N

t ha t is t he mountains or highlan d s of
,

i t is remarkable tha t after t he lap se

years there is still a river c alled the S a re t h


of
which ows in t o t he E uxine at i t s nor t h -west corner
i ndica t ing t ha t the coun t ry round was once known by
tha t name
Bo t h the Persian s and Greeks recognised t he
S cythians and the M a ssa g e t ae or S ac ae as of o n e race
nners and customs Herodo t us wri t es
w ith sim i lar m a
The S ac ae who are Scythians wore caps which came
to a point a t the top and stood erect These alt h o ugh
t hey are A m y rg e a n S cy t hians they call e d S ac ae fo r

t he Persians call all the S cyth i ans S a c ae


They also had a ri t e o f purica t ion after t ouchi ng
t he dead and s t udiously avoided all foreign cus t oms
characteris t ics s t rongly sugges t ive o f t heir I sraelitish
orig i n W e also s e e t h e S a c ae referred to as a righteous

ra ce
t while other Greek wr i t ers spea k of t he S cythians

as t he mos t j us t of men and the j ustest of man

kind
ZE sc h y l u s
also writes
The Scyth i ans
governed by j us t laws and fe e ding on cheese of m are s
S o also Herodotus speaks of t he S cy t hian

Ge t ae
who o c c u p l e d the northern par t o f Thrace
and were the only Thracians who resis t ed t he invasion

of Dar i us as the most valian t and t h e mos t j us t


This would be e x tr aordinary in a semi -barbarous
race bu t n o t s o if they were Israeli t es who h a d m a d e
up t heir m 1 n d s t o obey the laws g i ven to t heir fore
fathers laws o f which Moses said that the n a t ions who
S hall hear of them would s a y
Surely th i s great nation
is a wise and unders t anding people For what nation

i s there s o great that ha t h sta t utes a n d j u dgmen t s s o


righteous as all t his law
S a re t h

and

H e ro d V I I 6 3 T h e p o i n t e d c a p
t h e S c y t h i a n s t o t h e n o rt h of t h e E u x i n e

r
a
t
S
b o B oo k V I I ch ap iii 9
1

I l i ad XI I I 5
i

S t ra b o B oo k V I I c h ap ii i 7 9

r
e
d
H
o
I
V
I"
93
,

'

o c h a racte rist i c of

S e e d of I sa a c p 1 5 2

was

a s

THE

S C YTHIAN S

M A S S A G E I ZE

AN D

25

The evidence t hat the S cy t hians o r Cimbri and t h e


M a s sa g e t ae o r S ac ae were the T e n Tribes of Israel who
w e re c a rri e d cap t ive t o Media i s undo u b t e dly s t rong
and canno t well b e rej ected and i t i s s t ronger t han
could be expected a t a per i od when there were s o fe w
historical records Bu t its c hie f force lies in t he fa c t
t hat the S cythian r
ace s can be shown to be the p ro
geni t ors of t he Bri t i sh an d Anglo S axon race and
tha t as we h ave seen there are strong reason s for con
cluding o n wholly separate grounds t ha t the Bri t ish
and Anglo Saxon race are t h e m odern representa t ive s
of those very Ten Tribes
,

C HAPT E R
THE

S C"

TH I A

N M I GR

A TI O

IV

WE S T E R N

To

UR O PE

began agai n to
emigra t e westward a bou t a ce ntury and a half
before t he Christi an era There i s a r e cord of
a lar g e body of t he S cy thian s or Cimbr i 3 oo ooo s t rong
leav i ng t he wes t ern S hores of t he E uxine abou t I 1 5 B C
traversing E urope a n d during t heir migra t ion d e feat
i n g several R oman arm i es ; bu t in alliance wi t h t he
Teutones t hey were ul t im a t ely defeated with great loss
a fter whi c h t he rem ainder se t tled in Denm ark which
consequently received the name of the
Cimbric

Chersonese
These however w ere n o t the only C i mbri who had
migra t ed from S cy t hia a s will be S hown later on
The names of all t he principal rivers owing into t he
t he
E uxine were compounded of the n ame D an

T a n ais
or D anais (the t and d being in t er
c hangeable ) after w ards called the
Don
Dana
the

pris
afterwards the
D n ieper ; the
D a n a st e r
afterwards called Dniester and the Ister o r D anube
The constan t repe t i tion of the n ame i n o n e locali ty
impl i es the res i dence there a t one time o f a people

c a lled
D an
and we nd t hat a people called the

I
D a c ae
and who inhabited the c o u n t ry n orth of

Thrace and close t o this locality were called Dana u s


They also S poke the s am e la n guage as t he S cythian

Get ae T
It i s qui t e possible that the t r i be o f D an m ay have
S cythian s an d M a s s a g

HE

t ae

~~

N i e b a h rs

H ist of
.

R om e

S
r
b
o
t
a
T

C ae sa r

B oo k V I I
26

ha p

B oo k
.

i ii

12, 1

h a p xxx ii i
.

T HE

M I G R A TI O N

S C YTHIAN

27

m oved wes t ward from t he Caspia n at an e a rly p e riod


a n d set t l e d i n the country wa t ered by t hese rivers t o
t he n or t h of t he S cythia n s I f s o we migh t e xpect
from their position t h at they would be amon g t he fore
m ost t o emigra t e to Wes t ern E urope
This r e ceives
support fro m vario u s n o t ices of ancien t wri t ers
S axo G ra m m a t i c u s says tha t D an was t he rs t King
Of Denm ark an d that De n m ark m ean s
t he coun t ry o f

D an
D r Jackson say s
The great D a n ish god
O d h e n (O din ) came out of Scy t hian A sia in t o t he
nor t her n par t o f E urope wi t h a colony in the year
24 B C
This accordi n g t o S axo w a s i n t he reign o f
t he D anish King Hadi n g who was the seventh from
D an which wou l d m ake the reign of D an no t later t han

150 B C
The V e t us Chro n ic o n H o l s a t i ae also says
t hat the Danes an d Ju t es are Jews (Israeli t es ) of t he

tr i be of D a n r
These s t a t em en t s wi t h t h e e v idence Of t he t ribe of
D a n in Nor t h -wes t ern S cythia and th e em igration a t
t he same t ime of par t of the S cythian s or Cimbri
are strong proofs th at th e ancient D anes were some o f
the rst emigrants t o We st ern E u rope t hat t hey were
Of the same race as t he S cy t hian s and t ha t t hey were
of t he t ribe of D an one of t he Ten Tribes carried cap
t ive in t o Media I t also accoun ts for the fact tha t t he
Cimbri aft er the i r grea t d e feat cam e and settled in

Den mark t he country of their bre t hren


Combined wi t h t he Danes and the Cimbri w e re t he

i s a well
J u t es
The word Jutes like G o ths

known corruption o f Get ae


and as we have seen a
port i on of t h e S cythians were cal l ed Get ae probably on
account of their being m ore esp ecially husbandmen
cultivat i ng t he rich wheat-producing coun t ry north of
t he Danube and the E uxi n e Their close p rox 1 m i t y to
-

s
n
s
n
r
n
r
k
o
A
t
C
h
o
o
l
og
V
o
l
c
e
n
J
y
T h e S e e d of I sa a c
pp 1 6 0

n e rs
An g l o S a x o n s V o l
1 S h a ro n Tu r

ac

II

34 5 ,

"

.
)

0
3

m
r
u
o
e
d
f
o
t
q

I S RAE L

28

B R IT A I N

IN

t he D a c ae o r Dana u s would n a t urally lea d them to


j oin w i th t he la tt er in t heir wes t ern emigration

These t hre e tribes the D anes the C i mbri and t he

Ju t es wer e t he founders of t he grea t S candinavian


race who p e o p l e d D e n m a rk Norway and Sweden
al though most of the C i m b ri a p p e a r t o have remained
in Denmark They were t hus the ances t ors of the D anes
and Nor t hmen o r Normans, bo t h o f whom successively
conquered E ngland an d se t tled t here L e n o rm a n t re
marks that they a l l had a t radition that t hey ca m e
fr o m the Palus M ae t o i s o n the north o f the E ux i ne
where they had a c i t y called Asgard and had many
*
warl i ke tr i u m p hs T h e la tt er re ferred no doub t t o t he
S c yth i an c onquest o f As i a Minor and their defea t Of
the i nvasion o f Darius
,

T HE

NCIE NT

GE R

MA

NS

In add i tion t o the D anes Cimbri and Jutes t he whole


o f Germany at the beginn i ng o f o u r era was peopled by
a race who i t is generally re c ognised c ame from the
S h o res Of t he C aspian and E ux i ne
S trabo early i n
the rs t c entury places the Ge t ae in t he distri c t n o rth of
the D anube and t he Herc yn i an forest or t he whole of

S outh eastern Germany ; T while t he G o t h o n e s who


were e v idently o f the s ame race occupied Nort h-eastern
Germ any
L ater o n we nd the s ame people under the nam e of
the Go t hs occupy i ng C entral Germany It seems evi
dent that they were a portio n of the M a s sa g e t ae o r

further Getae
and that be i ng t h e last to m igrate
they re t ained the name Get ae o r, Go t hs to a later
per i od while the tr i bes more to the wes t w ere called
by the name o f the i r C h i eftains or some lo c: al ch a rac
,

t e ri s t i c

For
t he y

'

Ci s n e r remarks

cam e
if

to

t hat the Scy t hian n ation s after


urope reta i ned the same vicini ty (or
,

A n c i e n t H i st of E a s t V o l I I p

r
t
a
s
S
b
o
B
oo
k
h
p
I
c
a
e
c
T

m ant ,
e n or

13

T HE

M I G R A TI O N

S C YTHIAN

29

rela t ive posi t ion ) t ha t t hey had formerly in


This is what migh t be expec t ed and a s it is clear t h a t
the S cy t hians o r Cim b r i were t he rs t t o migrate we
m ay conclude that the Goths of E a st ern E urope were
t h e m ost eastern of the M a s s a g e t ae or S ac ae
All t hese ancient Germans and also the S c a n d i n a

e
o
n
vians were of
race Gibbon remarks
Almos t the
whole o f modern G e rm any Denmark Nor w ay Swede n
Finland L ivonia Prussia an d th e greater part of
Poland were peopled by the various t ribes o f one great
nation whose complexion m a nners and language d e
no t ed a common origin and preserved a striking

resemblance T
L ike t he S cythian s and M a s s a g e t ae they had n o
im ages of t he gods and like them they worshipped
t h e sun re and the m o o n ;t w hich was doubtl e ss due
t o the close in t imacy of t h e S a c ae wi t h t he Pers i an s
who were s u n and re worshippers L ike t he Massa
ge t ae the S c a n d i n a v 1 a n s sacriced horses t o t he s u n
and Tacitus speaks of the ancien t Germans kee p ing
whi t e h orses for a S i milar purpose T h e S c a n d i n a
vians like the Scy t hians m a d e drinking cups o u t Of the
skulls of t heir
Both S t rabo an d C ae sar speak of t he Germans as
living largely on milk an d a s moving t heir households
abou t o n
This was equally charac t e ristic
o f t he S cythians who were called livers upon m ilk and
dwellers in w a g o n s These points o f resemblance are
corroborations of the iden t ity o f the ancient German s
wi t h t he Scythian s and M a s s a g e t ae
Taci t us S pe aking of the ancient Germ ans says t ha t
'

'

An t i q u i t i e s of E n g l a n d c xx i v
i
bb
o
n c h ap ix
G
1

x
i
xxi
C
B
oo
k
V
I
c haps
sa r
v
a
e
1

D u C h a i llu V i k i n g A g e p 2 6
H e ro d I 2 1 6

m
an s
T
t
u
s of t h e G e r
i
an n e r
cha p x
s
M
a
c
"I

f
26
H
o
I
V
6
k
p
i
ng A g e
e r
d
i
V
5
J

Stra b o B oo k V I I c h a p i 1 1 1
C ae sa r B oo k V I c h ap

ii
k
i
2
S
b
o
B
oo
V
I
I
h
p
r
c
a
t
a
H
Ca m de n ,

'

'

I S R A EL

0
3

B R I TA I N

IN

he conc urs
in t h e O pinion o f t hose who deem t he
Germans never t o hav e in t erm arried wi t h o t her na t i o n s
bu t to be a race pure u n m 1 x e d and stamped with a
dis t inc t charac t e r Hence a family l i keness pervades

t he whole t ho u gh t heir n umbers are s o grea t eyes


s t ern and blu e ruddy hair large bodies
This avoida n ce of in t er m arriage with other n a t ions
is very S imilar to what was said of t he S cy t hians viz
t heir careful avoidance o f foreign cus t oms which would
na t urally i n c l u d e fo re i g n m arriages
Bu t it has a fur
ther S igni c ance A cus t om s o u nlike tha t of t he res t
1 1n
and
t
ha
t
origin
is
at
o f mankind de m ands an o r
g
once found if these Germans w e re t he descen d an t s o f
the Ten Tribe s w h o s t rove to adhere more o r less
closely t o their ancien t laws wh i ch s o strongly pro
h i b i t e d intermarriage with o t her na t io n s
Brit ain was invaded and conquered by t he S axons i n
the fth and S ixth centuries and Bede says : Those
tha t came over were the t h ree m ost p owerful nations in

Germany the S axons Angles a n d Jutes (o r


These however all went by the n ame of S axons which
ded as t he gener i c n ame o f t h e
m us t t herefore be rega r
whole and there seem s to be every reason for c o n
cluding that the name was der i ved from tha t o f the
S ac ae
The S ac ae were in constan t com m un ication with the
Medes a n d Pers i ans oft en ghting i n their armies
There w a s a large cont i ngen t o f t h e m i n the army o f
M a rd o n l u s at the ba tt l e o f Platea wh ere they e sp e c i
ally distingui shed t h e m s e l v e s d: They conquered Bac
t riana and part o f Armenia Which w a s called S aca
S ena aft e r t hem
They even pe n etrated t o Northern
India a n d Afghanistan and t he country nor t h o f the
Indus received i n consequence t he name of Indo

Scy t hia

it

M a n n e rs

e
B
d
e
1

of t h e

G e rm a n s,

E cc l e sia st i c a l

h ap i v
B oo k

H e ro d i x 7 1
i
s
i
I
t
r
e
t
e
r
a
n
t
p
t
y
t
h
t
t
h
y
l
f
t
c
a
e
e

ha p

xv

se

ttl e m e n ts

in t h e

se

p arts

an d

T HE

MI G R ATI O N

S CYTHIAN

1
3

The close in t imacy of t he S ac ae or S acs wi t h t he


Indo Germanic races whose language was deriv e d
from t h e S an scri t wo uld lead t he S ac ae t o adop t m a ny
words of th a t languag e
C onsidering t herefore t ha t

the Ten Trib e s called them selves the H ou s e of Isaac

and tha t t hey were called by t he Assyrians E s a ks ka

or
sons of E sac
i t is evide n t that t he Persians
aft e r t hey came in t o in t im a t e co n t ac t wi t h t h e m wo u ld
call t hem by t he same n ame in their o w n l a n g u a g e

Tha t name would be S a c a su n a o r S a c su n a sn n a

bein g the S anscrit for sons and t he origin o f our

word s o n
Now S a c su n a dropping t he Persian

a n d s u bs t i t u t ing the S axon plural wo u ld be


S a csu n s
This appears t o be t he tru e d eriva t ion
or

word S axon and t ha t d e ri v a t i o n l i s c o rro b


of t h e
orated by the fact th at there are fro m 6 0 0 t o 7 00
Persian words in the Anglo -S axon language
The iden t i ty of t he S axon s an d the Sa c s o r S ac ae

f
h
t
e
T h e S ac ae
ollowing fac t
i s also suppor ed by t
havin g occupied t he coun t ry nor t h o f t he Indus wer e
w e ll k n own to t he people of India an in the sacred
books o f t ha t people t he Puranas V arad an d M a t s a ya

Bri t ain is spoken of as t he Whi t e Island of t he We s t

z o con u e r
and is called S acan a f rom t h e S a cs w/
e d it
q
T h e re a pp e a rs therefore t o be no q u es t ion t hat the
S axon s were the S acs or S ac ae
This is also the opinion of a n c I e n t wri t ers C amden
says z
I t h ink t he conj ecture of t ho s e learned G e r
m an s who imagine t ha t t he S axons a re descended
from t he S ac ae t h e mos t p o w e rful people of A s i a t ha t
they a re s o called as if one sho u ld s a y S a c a s o n i a

t ha t i s, son s of t h e S ac ae and t ha t out of Scy t hia or


Asiat ic S arma t ia they poured li tt le by li t tle into
E urope along wi t h the G e t ae t he Su e vi and t he D aci
,

o d e rn A fg h a n s c l a i m to be I sra e l i t e s of t h e T e n Tri b e s a n d
th e ira sse rt i o n i s supp o rte d b y m a n y proof s

A si a t i c R e se a rc h e s V ol I I p 6 1 and XI p 5 4 ; M oo re

T h e L o st T ri b e s p 90

t he m

I SRAE L

2
3

B R IT A I N

IN

deserves cr e di t the best of any other


Ptolem y like
wise places t he S a x o n e s Suevi M as s a g e t ae and Dahi

in t hat par t Of S cythia


Sharon Turner also wri t es
The S axons were a

ic t h at is a Go t hic or Scy thian


G erman or Teu t o n
t ribe a n d o f the vario u s Scy t hian na t io ns which have
been recorded t he S akai or S ac ae a re t he people from
whom the descen t of t he S axons m ay be inferred with
the leas t violation o f probabil i t y
S a ka i su n a or t h e

sons of t he Sakai abbrevi a t ed i n t o S aksun which i s

t he same sound a s S axon see m s a reasonable e tymology


S axon
I t i s also impor t ant t o rem ark
o f t he word
tha t Ptolemy m en t ions a S cy t hian people sp rung from
the Sakai by the nam e of S a x o n e s
Th e re w a s also a
people call e d S akoi on the E uxine according to

Stephanus T
Th e re h a s been much conj ec t ure a s t o the origin o f

the word German


But considering t ha t t he t erm

Get ae
husbandmen w a s j us t as charac t eris t ic of
t he S c y t hian t ribes as t ha t of Sac ae i t i s almos t certain
that in t heir i n t ercourse with t he Persians t he la tt e r
would have called them by the Persian equ i va l en t fo r

husbandmen viz
G e rm a n i a n s i a term which would

ea sily pass in t o
Germ ans
It seems exceedingly
probable that this i s t h e t ru e orig i n of the na m e
A S all t he pr i n c iple German tr i bes who s warmed int o
Britain in t he 5 t h and ot h centuries were called S a xons
or sons o f S ac i t indicates t hat they represen t ed t he
r
1 n c 1 p a l por t i on o f t he a n c 1 e n t
Sac
or
a
e
a
M
ss
t
a
e
a
e
p
g
and t hat they revived t he i r ancien t n ame when ac t ing
in combina t ion for a common enter p r i se
I t mus t not be s u pposed that the m odern Germ an s
are t he sam e race as the anc i en t Germ ans al t hou gh
they have been called Germ a ns because they occupy
the country t o which t he anc i ent Germans gave their
.

"

A n t i q u i t i e s of En g l a n d c h a p xx i v

n Tu r
a
r
n
r
e
i
s
t
S
h
o
H
of
A
n
g
l
o
S
x
o
V
o
l
p
a
n
s
I
1

H e ro d I 1 2 5
Cam de n

87 ;

T HE

MI G R ATI O N

S CYTHIAN

33

am e
The b u lk of t h e a n ci e n t Germ an s passed ove r
t o Bri t ai n and t he grea t er part of t he remainder wen t
to other coun t ries t heir place being t aken by o t her
t ribes from t h e E as t m ostly of Tura n ian origin and
the descend an t s of t he la tt er n o w co n s t itute t h e chi ef
portio n o f the pres e n t German p e ople
Wi t h regard t o t he German t ri bes which did no t go t o
Bri t ain The Go th s u nder Alaric a tt acked an d aft er
several repulses sack e d R ome 4 1 0 A D They also i n
vaded France b u t w e re defea t ed by the Franks ano t her
powerful Germa n t ribe under Clovis Aft er which t hey
conquered and se tt led in S pain They also d efeated
A t tila and t he Huns a t C halons 4 5 1 A D a n d forced
t h e m to retr e a t
A lit t le la t er t he E as t ern o r O s t rogo t hs defea t ed
the Hun s at the river N e t a d in Pannonia and forced
t hem t o re t ire t o Scythia Un der Theodoric t hey con
qu e red I t aly an d es t ablish e d a Go t hic kin gdom there
n

D
A
4 93
.

The Franks conquered Cel t ic Ga u l and even t ually


es t ablished t heir r u l e over t he whole of Fra n ce t o which
country t hey gave t heir n am e
The S uevi representing some of t he mos t celebra t ed
u n t il t hey in
o f the German t ribes conqu e re d S p a I n
t heir turn were defea t ed by the Goth s and driven in t o
,

G a ll i c i a

The V andals and Ala n 1 were of the sam e race a s t he


o t her Germ an t ribes and Gibbon rem arks : A St rik
i n g resemblance of m an n ers comple x ion religion an d
language s e em s t o indica t e t hat t he V andals and Go th s
were originally one grea t
The Alani fough t
and
o n the s i de of t he Goth s a t the bat t le of Chalo n s
a t N e t a d o n t he side of the O strogo t hs
The Alani
ori ginally occupied the co untry t o t he nor t h eas t of the
E uxine and were prob ably a por t ion of the M a ss a g e t ae
They possessed t he fair hair and complexion of t h e

G i b bo n ,

hap

2
2
4

I S RAE L

34

B R IT A I N

IN

res t of t he race Subsequently t he Alani and V andals


establishe d t hemselves on t he nort hern co as t o f A fri e a
where they acquire d a powerful e e t and under their
leader Genser i c destroyed t wo R oman ee t s and n ally
sacked R ome 4 7 2 A D
All t hese wi t h t he Saxons a n d other Germ an and
S candinavian t ribes constitu t ed o n e great ra ce wi t h
t he same cus t oms language and l a ws and rel i gion
and wi t h t he s ame person al charac t e ristics great
stature large bodies red o r yello w hair blue eyes and
f air complexion i ndicating as Taci t us rem arked a
puri t y of race
S ome people have supposed t hat these charac t er i s t ics
are an argumen t against t heir Israeli t ish o r1 g 1 n because
they are opposed t o the type of t he p eople we n o w kno w
as Jews B u t the very contrary is the case The men
t i o n of Joseph Moses D avid a n d o thers as bei n g of fair
complexion S hows that it was no t an uncom mon type
among the Israeli t e s an d befo re Holman Hun t painted
the pic t ure o f Chris t in t he t emple he m ade a care
ful e nquiry among t he Jews o f the E as t and found
tha t auburn hair and blue eyes was the prevalent type
among t hem
Sir Gardner W i lkin son conrm s th i s
He says The Jews of the E ast to th i s day often have
red hair and blue eyes w i th a nose of del i cate form and
nearly straigh t and are qu i te unlike their brethren i n
E urope and the ch i ldren i n m odern Jerusalem h a ve t h e
pink and wh i t e complex i ons of E uropeans It i s t h e
S yrians who have t he large noses that s t r i ke us as the
peculiari ty o f Wes t ern Israelites
This prom inent
feature was always a characteri sti c of the Syrians bu t
not of t he ancient n o r of the m odern Jews o f
Noth i ng is more probable than tha t many of the Jews
i n t e rm a rrl e d w i t h the Syria n s
'

33

'

Wi l k i n so n s

E g yp t i a n S ,

V 01 1 1

8
9

C HAPT E

B E L G I C B R IT I S H

T HE

m ay now refer to the rs t t ribes which


colo n ised Britain a n d w h o were known by the

name o f Bri t ish


These were t he Belg ae
from Belgica in E astern Gaul I n t h e t i me of C ae sar 5 5
a large number had crossed over t o Bri t ain and o c c u
B C
pied the sou thern port i on of t he island which was called
i n cons e que nce Belg i ca like the Con t inen t al country
It was be c ause t hese British Belg ae assis t ed t heir
brethren on the Con t inen t with men and war dogs that
*
C ae sar in v aded the island
S o m e h a v e supposed tha t t he Belg ae wer e Kel t s b e

K e l t i c a called by
c ause they occup i ed a por t i on of

t he R omans Gaul
B ut t hey w e re of a wholly dif
C ae sar says
All Gaul i s divided in t o
f e re n t race
t hree par t s one of which the Belg ae inhabi t the Aqu l
those w h o i n their o w n la n guage are
t ani ano t her
All t hese di ffer
c alled Kelts i n ours Gauls the t hird

from each o t her in language cus t om s and l a w s f It


In
i s clear from t h i s t ha t the Belg ae w e r e no t K e l t s
f ac t C ae sar says t ha t the B elg ae t old hi m t ha t they w ere
Germans who had crossed the R hine a t an early period
a n d driven ou t t h e Kel t s from B e l g i c a i
This i s also proved by their personal charac t eris t ics
They were like the Germ ans fair with yello w hair
us i ng says S t rabo long s w ords
a n d of great s t a t ure
and lances in propor t ion to the s i ze of t heir bodies
H e also says tha t t he British Belg ae were even t aller

C ae sa r B oo k
,

I V

h a p xx
.

1
'

C ae sa r B oo k
,

35

C ae

II

sa r
,

h ap

iv

B oo k I I
.

h a p xxx
.

I S RA E L

6
3

B R I TA I N

IN

than those on the Con t ine n t but that their hai r was
no t s o yellow and remarks :
We ourselves saw at
R ome some you t hs w h o were taller than the tallest

a
t here by half foot
These were essent i ally German
charac t eris t ics whereas the Keltic type was t h at of a
S hor t dark hair e d and dark Skinned people
The ancient German s were also grea t ly superior to
t he Kelts in warl i ke p ro w ess and C ae sar i n h i s accoun t
of the Gallic war fo u nd the Belg ae by far t he most for
m i d a b l e oppo n ents
Speaking of t he peoples i n Gaul

he said : O f all these the Belg ae are the bravest


AS
a fur ther and incontes t able evide n ce th at the Belg ae
were of Germ an origin Taci t us s ays tha t the language
o f the Belgic Br i tish closely resem b led tha t o f the Ger
m an S u e v i T w hereas the Keltic language di ff ered as
much from the German as L atin fro m Arabic i
A s w e shal l see t he e v idence proves that the Belg ae
were the principal por t i on of the three Scy t h i an t ribes
who inhab i ted the northern S hores of the E uxine An
inc i den t al evidence of this i s tha t a s e c t l o n o f the
Scythians were called the N e ru i by the Greeks whi c h

in L atin would be c om e Nervi and t he bravest and


most formidable tribe of t he Bel g ae were called Nervi i
S t rabo while recogn i sing the close resemblan c e of
t he Belg ae t o the Ge rm ans alway s sp e aks o f them a s
Kel t s be c ause they inhab i ted a port i on o f K e l t i c a and
in th i s way has been the author of much m i sconce p t ion
in later wri t ers It has been the same i n other cases
The rapid migrat i ons and constant expulsion of a peo p l e
from a country called by the i r name by a totally
di ff eren t p e op l e h a s been a cause o f much confus i on
The country retained i t s name after i t s inhabitants had
left or been expelled and the n e w peopl e were c alled
by that n ame al t hough o f a wholly d i ff erent race The
,

S t ra b

1
'

an d

o B oo k I V
,

S i bb a ld ,

Sc t i

ha p

O b se rv a t i o n s

iv

on

the

an d

3
O rig i n
,

h ap

of

t he

P i c t s , C a le d o n i i

an d s
T
o
l
i

D ru i d s p
,

C ae sa r B oo k
,

II

hap

iv

THE

B E LG I C

B R IT I S H

37

Cimbr i were in this way called Ci m m erians by the


Greeks and the modern inhabitan t s of Germ any are
call e d German s al t hough i t i s evid e n t t ha t t he greater
po rt ion of t he ancien t Germans migra t ed t o Bri t ain and
o t her coun t ries
I t seem s probable t hat t h e whole of t he Belgae had
m igra t ed t o Bri t ain by the b e g 1 n n 1 n g of the Chris t i an
era as by t he m i d d le o f the rs t cen t u ry t hey h a d
spread o v er t he grea t er p ar t o f E n gla n d The Belgic
B ri t ish Were const antly recrui t ed from Belgica and w e

nd in con s e quence t he B elgian


Tr i noban t es

Chat t i
e t c scattered
R he m i
Ca s ii
Ca u c i
"
over t he nor t h and eas t o f Britain
We also nd in
t he year 6 1 A D C arac t acus King of t he S ilures in
S outh W ales after he had defe a t ed t wo R oman armies
addressing h i s m en previous t o his las t ba tt le wi t h t he
R om an G e neral Suetonius and reminding t hem t ha t
t hey were t he descen dants of t he British who h ad
driven Juliu s C ae sar from their s h o re s T I t was a lit t le
after this t hat B oadicea queen o f another Bri t ish tribe
the Ic e ni su ffe red d efea t by Sue t onius Boadicea was
re markable for her grea t s t a t ure and yellow hair and
lik e t he res t o f the anc i en t Germ a ns her followers lived
i n waggons in which t hey placed t he i r wives and
children during the ba tt le I
C ae sar however when he invad e d the coun t ry a
century before sa i d that besides the Belgic Bri t ish
aga i nst who m he fough t there was a diff erent f ace in
the i nterior o f the i sland said to be
born in t he

i sland
that i s to s a y they h ad been there for some
ti m e prev i ous to t h e coming Of the Belgae
I t seems
e l e a r th a t t hese were Kel t s
F o r as Sharon Turner
and others have poin t ed out , there were thr e e grea t
m I g ra t i o n s t o the west from As i a viz t h e Kelts t he
,

D av ie s
J

L
n
a
m
r y

V o l I I pp 2 02 2 0 9

he s

R o m a n E m p e ro rs V o l I I pp

L
n
2
1
a
m
I
I
pp
2
0
:
y
3
3
3

C ae sa r B oo k V c h a p xi i

C e l t ic

Re

se a r
c

6
3 3 4 33

I S RA E L

8
3

B R I TA I N

IN

Ge rmans o r Gothic race an d the Tar t ars 0 r Tu ranian s


and that in every case the Kel t s preceded the Germ a n s
a n d t he Germans t he Turanian s
Britain a t tha t time was a principal sea t of the
Druidical reli g io n which was the rel i gion of the Kel t s
and wholly di fferen t to that of the Germ ans It was
practically identical wi t h Baal worship and one o f i t s
ch i ef features were i t s bloody human sacrices Huge
gures made of osiers and lled wi t h living m en an d

women were burn t as a s acrice to the i r gods


and
before going t o battle t hey sa c riced a number o f men
in order to O b t ain the ass i stance o f the gods
For

they t hink
said C ae s ar
tha t the gods canno t be
rendered propi t io u s unless the l i fe of a m an i s o ffe red

fo r the l i fe of a m a n
T
h
ancien
t
Germans
on
the
e
T
o t h e r h a n d were w h olly opposed t o hum an sacrice

T h e Keltic char a cter was l i ke the i r religion


cruel
vindictive and treacherous and althou g h always i n a
state o f d i s con t ent an d revolt they were wi t hout the
resolute s t eadfas t ness of t he German c haracter and
f
S ue t onius after his defeat o
w ere easily defeated
Caracta c us in S outh Wales attacked the people o f
Anglesey who were p lainly Kelts They were a c co m
an ie d
by
a
number
f
Dru
i
desses
who
rushed
about
o
p
among the men with dishevelled hair l i ke furies wh i le
t he Dru i ds ut t ered horrid imprecations bu t unlike the
s t ern and hardly contested bat t les fough t by the Brit i sh
t hey were qu i ckly and easily defeated while their camp
was found polluted with huma n sacrices O ff ered to
prop i t i ate the i r god s :
The Kel t s were driven by the British into the wes t ern
parts o f the island ch i ey into Wales in the western
parts o f which the race al t hough much m od i ed by
i ntermarr i age w i t h t he tall fa i r red -haired Br i t i sh
m ay st i ll be d i st i nguished by their sm all statu re dark
,

1"

sa r
B
,

oo k

x i i i xxi

ps

C
a
e
s
a
r
B
oo
k
V
I
h
a
p
c
T

L yn a m
I
p 4 06
C ae

ch a

XV I

T HE

BE L

GIC

B R ITI S H

39

complexio n and by t heir e x ci t abl e sull e n and unru ly


character
It h a s be e n S ho wn t hat t he Belgic Bri t ish w e re of
German or S cy t hian race and i t seems clear tha t wi t h
t he exception of the Cimbri and Jutes w h o se tt led in
nor t h D enm ark t hey repre sented the bulk of t h e t hree
S cythian tribes from the n or t hern S h ores of the E uxin e
and who being the rs t to migra t e would n aturally b e
t h e most wes t ern o f t h e G e rman t ribes in E u rop e ; for
by Ci s n e r t he n a t i ons from S cy t hia a ft e r
a s stated
they came into E urope retain e d the same vicini t y or
relative posi t ion t ha t t hey formerly h ad i n Asia
The proof tha t t his was t h e cas e i s t ha t t he t h re e

S cythian t ribes were called by t he n ame of Cimbri

or Cy m ri t he la tt er t erm or Kymri being the


origin al appella t ion Now Sharo n Turner says tha t
all the ancient inhabitants of Bri t ain w e re call e d Cy m ri
and th at th e y are S O n am ed in all tha t remains of
"
\
ancien t Brit i sh L i t era t ure
The Ve l sh t riads also
sta t e t hat Bri t a i n was colo n is e d by t he Cy m ri who
consis t ed of t h re e t rl b e S
The t hree trib e s were
d e scended from t h e primi t ive race of t he Cy m ri and
t he three were of on e language and one speech The
rs t was called Cy m ri t he secon d L o e g ri a n s and t h
t hird Bry t hons t he t wo la tt er having sprung from t h e
prim ordial li n e of the Cy m ri They are stated t o have
crossed t he M o r T a w c h (German O cean ) and t o hav e

come from the eas t ern regions O f E u rope 22a fro m

S cythia T
I t is thus clear t ha t the Belgic Bri t ish were t h e

Cimbri
or
Cy m ri
and were not Kelts bu t o f a

wholly distinc t race that they were i n short the main


portion of the t hree Scyth i an tribes which had migra t ed
from Me d ia to the S hores of the E u X I n e and rece i ve d
the n ame of Cimbri an d that t hey were of the sam e
race as the ancient Germ an s with the s a me m anners
,

'

H i st o ry of An g l o -S a x o n s V o l I p 3 1

s
i
s
r
s
e
v
i
C
l
t
c
R
e
e
c
h
e
V
o
l
I
I
p
D
a
e
a
1
T
53

,
.

I S RA E L

o
4

B R I TA I N

IN

c u s t oms a n d language and personal characteristics


grea t sta t ure fa i r complexion and red or yellow hair
The error o f la t er writers in call i ng them Kelts a ppears
t o have arisen en t i rely from t heir having ad o pted the
who spoke o f the Belgae who
m is t ake o f Strabo
c olonised Britain as Kelts because they had conquered
and dwel t i n a port i on of Gaul o r K e l t i c a although he
himself recognised that they possessed all t h e racial
characteris t ics o f the Germans o n the other side o f the
R h i ne
It m i gh t be expected t hat the Brit i sh from their con
s t an t con t ac t w i th the Kel t s would adop t some of t he
f ea t ures of t he Kelti c religion
The Druids or Kel t ic
pries t hood seem to have survived fo r some tim e b u t
they were reorganised and t h e ir power over the people
and t he human sacrices by which they terrori sed t hem
w e re t s t e rn l y repres sed by t h e
The Kelts
had bards bu t S o had the British S imilar t o the
Skalds of t he Scandinavians T h e Bri t ish it is said
me t hodised t he Keltic bards and m ade them an

e stablished
o rd e r wi t h cer t ain privileges T It I s
improbabl e however tha t t he Bri t i sh ever adopted any
o f t he darker supers t i t ions o f the Kel t s m ore especiall
y
a s Chris t ia n ity w a s accep t ed by a large por t ion o f the
n at ion at an early p er i od
,

'

it
'

1
'

D a vie s

C e l t ic

To la n d

2
5

II p
.

59

C H A P TE R
T H E BE

L G ZE

VI

IR E L AN D

I N

HE

I rish have a t radi t ion t ha t t h e coun t ry was


conquered by t he Belgae
This is co n rm ed by
the
fac t t ha t a large port ion of t he B ri t ish
B elg ae p assed over t o I reland a n d conquered i t D i o n y
S 1 u s P e ri g e t e s says t ha t the I rish w ere Bri t ons
P t olemy

calls I reland L i t t le B ri t ain a n d P l iny 5 0 A D spea k s

of t h e I rish as t h e Bri t on s inh a b i t i ng I erne (or I re


land ) H also says t ha t all the Bri t ish islan d s were
1
called Bri t ai n : I n shor t t he Bel g ian t ribes t he Bri
gan t es C a u c i and Co t t i w ere found bo t h in I reland an d
Bri t ain 1
There is a fur t her eviden ce of t h e B el g ic conques t of
I reland The B el g ae h ad a powerful g reyhoun d of such
si z e and beau t y t ha t some of their do g s w ere brou g h t t o
R om e and e xhibi t ed in t he circus of P o m p e i u s M a g n u s i
They were used for war as w e l l as for the chase and
when t h e Cimbri su ffered t he 1 r g rea t defea t by Marius
101 B C
i t i s said t ha t the women a n d dogs m ade the
m os t resolu t e resis t ance in t heir cam p fort ied wi t h
t heir wa g g on s
t al
These do g s however disappeared from Con t
ic
Bel g ae b u t a d o g sim ilar in all respec t s t o t h e
as
re
y
hound
m
ade
s
appearance
in
I
reland
an
d
w
i
t
g
known aft er w ards as t h e celebra t ed I rish greyhound
or wolf hound Silius says tha t t his dog w a s impor t ed
by t h e Bel g ae
.

96

p p

T o l a n d s D r ui d s
1 33 1 3
4

l
D
av
i
es
C
e
l
ic
esear
ch
es
o
I
p
2
0
2
t
R
V
1

P li n y Boo k V l I I chap 3 4
P li n y Boo k V l I I ch ap
h
R
ich
ar
d
son
H
i
st
of
e
D
og
c
ha
p
i
v
p
t
39
1|
*
5

"

61

I S R AE L

2
4

BR IT AI N

I N

is also the tradition that I relan d was con q u ere d


not only b y the B elgae bu t b y the S cots a n d it is certain
that a cent u ry or so l at e r I relan d w a s k nown b y the

name o f S cotia M aj or and retaine d that name u ntil


the ninth cent u ry

S cot is generally consi d ere d to b e de


T h e wor d

ri ve d from the term S ou th or S c u t h e which t h e


F o r s ub stit u ti n g the
G reeks calle d the S cythians
G e r m a n or B riti sh p l u ral fo r the G reek t he wor d wo u ld

b ecome S c u ts o r S c u tes an d this accord ing to


C am d en w a s the name b y which the S cots were origin
ally known B u t i f they w e r e S cu t h s or S cythians
they were also C ymry an d of the same race as the B elgic
B ritish
T he s e I rish S c u tes or S cots also p ossesse d cele b rate d
greyho u n d s in ev ery res p ect similar to those of t he
Belgae an d li ke the d ogs o f t he B elg ae they were take n
b y the R omans to R ome for the com b ats of t he am p hi
theatre T h u s the cons u l S y m mach u s writes to his
b rother
I th a n k yo u for the p r e s e n t yo u hav e m a d e
me of sev en S cottish d ogs which w e r e shown a t t he
C ircensian games t o the great astonishment o f t he
p eo p le who co u l d not j ud ge it p ossi b le t o b rin g them
to R ome oth e rwise than in iron cages li ke lions an d
t igers so e r c e were
T his w a s a t a time wh e n I relan d was known as S co t ia
an d as these d o g s were clearly the cele b rat e d I rish grey
ho u n d a n d i d e ntical with t he d ogs im p orte d b y the
B ritish B elg ae it seems ev i d ent that t he S cots were t he
same p eop le as the B r i t i s h B elgae or the Cym ri I n

short t he title S c u t h ae or S c u tes w a s j u st as


characteristic o f the S cythian tri b es to t he north o f the

E u x i n e as t h e title o f
C im b ri or Cy m ri an d i t
wo u l d b e q u it e nat u ral for the B ritish Cym ri in their
fu rther wan d erings to I rel a n d to re v i v e t h eir an 01 ent
nam e o f S c u t h s or wan d erers
I f so it is d if c u l t
T here

Wl l S O n

u
o
e
d
t
"
T

A rc h ae
by

e s se

olo g
,

y of
H i st
.

c ot la n d ,

of

D og

p 4 7 7 , N ot e
V ol I , p 3 4 7
.

T HE

B E L G ZE

I R E L AN D

IN

43

to a v oi d the concl u sion that t he con q u est of I relan d b y


the B ritish B elg ae an d the similar con q u est b y the
S ou ths or S cots w e r e o n e an d the same e v ent
A b o u t 7 9 5 A D the D anes du ring the i r p iratical e x
s i o n s in v a d e d I relan d an d a fter many erce b attles
cu r
with the S cots esta b lishe d themsel v es in the N orth o f
I relan d
T he r e are I rish tra d ition s o f t h e a dv ent of a p eo p le
calle d the T u a t h a d e D anaan which is translate d

T ri b e o f D an
some time p rev io u s to the cap t iv ity of
t he
T e n T ri b es an d later on of the arri v al o f the

B u t altho u gh there is
M ilesian S cots from S p ain
m u ch to b e sai d in s u pp ort o f t he s e ancient migrations
w h i ch are also o f great inte rest yet the e v i d ence r e s t s
to a consi d era b le e x te n t on tra d ition an d the d ates
gi v en ar e o ften contra d ictory T h e e v i d ence wo u l d
take too long to d isc u ss here
.

"

C H A P TE

VI I

S COTL AN D

A R G E numbers of t h e S co t s from I relan d passed

over t o Sco t land which receive d in con sequence

t he n ame of S co t ia Minor
They appear t o
have chie y colonised t h e West of Sco t land al t hou g h
t hey even t ually acquired t he sovereign t y of t h e whole
coun t r y For t h e reason s g iven we mus t regard t hem
as a por t ion of the ori g inal n a t ion of Bri t ish C y mry
Sco t land however was also peopled by o t her G e r
m an t ribes The W e l sh t riads s t a t e t h a t t hree t ribes
came t o Bri t ain aft er t h e C y mr y and wi t h t heir per
mission wh i ch implies t ha t t hey were reco g nised t o be

of t h e sam e race The rs t were t h e


Caledonian s
w ho occupied N or t h Bri t ain tha t is t o say S co t land
sou t h of t h e G rampian s ; secondly t he G w yd d e l i a n

race
who occupied A lban t h e ancien t n am e of S co t
land b u t referring more especially t o N ort h S co t land

an d t h i rdly t h e m en of G aledin who came t o t h e


t h e I sle of W igh t w hen t heir coun t ry was drown ed and
had lands (presumabl y in the Sou t h ) assi g ned t hem by
"
I t would seem from t his t ha t t h e la t t er
the C y mry
were G erman t ribes occup y in g t h e low coun t ries and
forced t o leave I n consequence of inroads of t h e s e a
The Caledonian s were the N or t h Bri t ons w h o fou g h t

a g ains t A g ricola on the G rampian hills in A D 7 8 8 1


The y ca rried enormous swo rds wi t hou t poin t s impl y ing
t ha t t hey were of g rea t s t a t ure and s t ren g t h and de
pended wholl y on t heir s t ren g t h of arm Taci t us says
of t hem The red h air and lar g e limbs of t hose i n
,

'

D avi es

W e l sh T r i ads
44

Vol

54

S C O TLA N D

45

Caledonia assure us of t heir G erman origin

Sibbald
t heir langua g e also being n o t much di fferen t
also remark s
The Sco t t ish d ialec t has much grea t er
af ni t y wi t h Teu t onic or B e lg i c t han wi t h Scan d i n avian
l
an d grea t er wi t h B e g i c t han wi t h A n g lo Sa x on al t hough

all are dialec t s of t h e same l a n g u a g e T


The C aledonian s also used war chario t s : This was
a peculiari t y of t h e Bri t on s who fou g h t agains t C m s a r
The S cy t hians from whom t hey sprang were in con
s t an t com mun ica t ion wi t h t h e G reek s and t hey doub t
less adop t e d these chario t s from t hem The war chario t
appears t o have been peculiar t o t h e Cy m ri and as t h e
Caledonian s w ere not a por t ion of t h e Bel g ic Cymry
t he y were very probably a por t ion of t h e Cimbri who
had se t t led in D e n m ark a n d who by t ha t t im e a hun
dred or a hundred a n d ft y year s aft e r t heir g reat
defea t would h ave becom e a g reat and p owerful people
The G wyd d e l i a n s or A lbanian s who se t t led in N or t h
S co t land wi t h t h e con sen t of t h e Bri t ish Cymry
w ere eviden t ly of similar race
I n a poem of the
eleven t h cen t ury t h ey are re ferred t o as foll o ws
" e

l
learned o f all A lban ye wise ye l ow " mi re d race
This indica t ed t heir G erm an or S cy t hian ori g in and as
i t ap pe ars t ha t A lban or N or t h S co t land received i t s
nam e from t hem we ma y con clude t ha t t hey were t h e
A lbanian s men t ioned by P lin y wh o o ccupied t h e
count ry on t h e eas t coas t of the C as p ian and were
P liny s accoun t of t heir
t herefore a S cy t hian t ribe
gi g an t ic greyhounds t ends t o conrm t his The t erm
h abi t in g

S i bba l d ,

O bservat i o n s

on th e

O rig

i n of t h e P ic t s

Ca le

d
p
I
b
2
a n d Sc ots p 5
i
1

E
ol I I
y
n
a
oma
n
mperors
V
p
p
m
R
2
2
1
L
0
3
3
i

C aesar C o m L i b I V ch ap 3 3

P l in y Boo k V I I I ch ap lxi P liny s a cc o un t of the c om


bats of t h ese dogs w i t h a li o n and a n e l ep h an t i s n o do u bt g rea t ly
e xag g erated b u t i t in d ic a t es t h a t t h e A l bani ans p ossessed lik e
t h e E d g e do g s of g rea t po w er w hich w o u l d b e a n e c ess i t y t o
p eop l e w i t h o ck s a n d h erds a n d s u rro u n ded b y sava g e w il d
a ni m a l s

d oni a n s

'

I S R AE L

6
4

A lb ani ans seems


p le x ion

IN

B R I TAI N

have referred t o t heir fai r com

to

Men t ion is also m ade of t h e


G w yd d e l i a n F i ch t i
who came over t h e sea of L l y c h ly n (D enm ark) t o A lban
and who mus t t herefore have been of Scandinav ian or
*
F i c h t i w as t he Cymri c nam e for t he
G erm an race

Pi c t s

T
There w as a K el t ic populat ion n o t only i n E n g la n d
b u t in I reland and Sco t land before t h e adven t of t h e
The K el t s in
Cy m ri and t h e t ribes allied t o t hem
E n g land w ere driven by t h e invaders t o t he e x t reme
wes t and in t h e case of Sco t l and t o t he w es t ern islands
t h e inhabi t an t s of which were said in consequence t o be
b l a c k j: re ferrin g probably t o t h e dark comple x ion 6 f
t he K el t s as compared wi t h t he fair S co t s A lbania n s
and Caledonians
I n I reland lar g e numbers of t h e S co t s having gon e
to
S co t land t he K el t ic popula t ion pre d ominat ed
especiall y in the sou t h an d wes t b u t t h e Brit ish
or Cymric t y pe is never t he l ess s t ill p rominen t over a
lar g e p ar t of t he island
The R omans u n de r Bri t annicu s subsequen t ly con
quered the g rea t er par t of B ri t a I n and in spi t e o f
cons t an t revol t s re t ain e d possession of t h e coun t ry
un t il abou t 4 1 6 A D durin g which t ime t h e v did much
t o improve an d civili z e the coun t r y an d people
Then followed t h e conques t of E n g lan d b y t h e suc
ce ssiv e
waves of S ax on invaders and la t er on the
conques t o f a lar g e por t ion of t h e coun t ry by t he D anes
who probably represen t ed t h e bul k of the S c a n d i n a
vi ans Finall y t here w as the conques t by t h e N ormans
or N ort hmen w ho came ori g inall y from Scandinavia
and se t t led in N or t h er n France from wh ence t hey
invaded E n g land A ll t hese aft er despera t e ba t t les
wi t h each o t her even t ually se t t led down an d became
.

*
7"

D av i es

C e l t ic R esear ch es I I p

Si
bba
l
d
p
8
1
G e n es i s of t h e E ar t h a n d M an

'

P
oo
l
e
i

2 04

93

S C O T LA N D

47

amal g am a t ed in t o one grea t n a t ion a l tho u gh ignoran t


t hat t hey were ori g inally of t h e sam e race
For one an d all were descendan t s of t he Scy t hian s an d
S ac ae who for some cen t uries occu p ied the coun t ry t o
an d had
t h e nor t h of the E u x ine an d C aspian S eas
m i g rat ed there from Media and who t here i s every
reason t o bel i eve were t h e T e n Tribes who were carrie d

o
cap t ive t t ha t coun t ry in 7 4 0 7 2 1 B C
T here e x is t s indeed a s t rong aversion t o such a con
p art of m any b u t such an aversion i s
c l u s i o n on t h e
inconceivable on t h e p art of a t rue believer I n G o d I t
is in deed t o des p ise li k e E sau t heir bir t hrigh t t o re
fu se t o be calle d t h e chosen peo p le of G o d and t o rej ec t
t hose p romises which in t he days fas t app ro achin g
assure t h e n a t ion of p reserva t ion and ul t im a t e t r 1 umph
when o t her n ations are t o be des t royed
,

'

C O N C L US I O N
S I FT E D

A M O NG

N A TI O N S

T HE

T is obj ec t ed by m any t ha t t h e arg u men t s in suppor t


of t he Bri t ish bein g I srael are vi t ia t ed by t h e fac t
t hat t hey are no lon g er a homogen eous race on
accoun t of t h e numerous forei g ners who have se t t l ed in
t h e coun t ry and become am al g ama t ed wi t h t h e na t ion
while a t t h e same t ime i t is e v i d en t t ha t l ar g e numbers
of the ori g inal race are sca t t ered amon g t he na t ions o f
E urope
This however was e x ac t l y wha t was fore t old of the
H ouse of I srael : For 10 I will command a n d I will
sift the H ouse of I srael amon g all n at ions li k e as corn
is sift ed in a sieve y e t shall n o t one grain fall upon t he
i
eart h
A
mos
i
x
By
t
his
t
is
implied
that
(
al t hou g h unreco g nised b y m en every t rue I sraeli t e is
I t is also
k nown t o G o d and preserved by H im
wri t t en
H e t ha t sca t t ered I srael will also ga t her
x
t
him (
r
x
x
i
and
al
t
hou
h
t
h
e
nal
a
herin
e
J
g
g
g
will n o t t ak e place un t il t h e restora t ion of bo t h I srael
and J udah t o t h e land o f t heir fa t hers y e t th e process
of g a t herin g m ay h ave com menced s ome t ime be fore
in order t o separa t e the t r u e seed from t h e n a t ions who
are t o rise in rebellion against G o d and t hus save t hem
from t heir fa t e We m ay be cert ain in shor t t ha t t his
has been and is bein g done and t ha t t hrou g h t h e
in ue n ce of G o d numbers of t h e t rue race have in t his
way been led t o come t o Bri t ain
Thus man y of t h e ancien t G er m ans probably re
m ained in G erm an y especially in t he wes t ern pro
vinces and wi t hin t h e las t hundred y ears numbers of
,

8
4

C O N C LU
SION

49

G erm an s

have se t t le d in E n g lan d an d become wholly


T h e Fra n k s conquered and se t t led in France
Brit ish
and the grea t er por t ion of t he French H u g ueno t s
driven by persecu t io n ca m e t o E n g land L arge bodies
of t h e a ncien t G erm an s also se t t led i n S p a i n in N ort hern
I t aly an d H un g ary an d emi g ran t s from t hese coun t ries
have cons t an t ly found t heir way t o Bri t ain
There
see m s t o be j us t gr ou n ds for believing t ha t all t hese
al t hough foreigners m ay have been t h e lineal descend
an t s o f t hose por t ion s of t h e ori g in al race who had
se t t led in t hese coun t ries an d t ha t t heir having been
led t o co m e t o Bri t ain is t h e comm encemen t of t h e
fore t old ga t herin g o u t of all n a t ions
There are no doub t m any in Bri t ain an d I reland who

are n o t of I srael K el t s and o t hers who are as t horns in


our side b u t al t hou g h m any of t hese are incorpora t e d
wi t h t h e na t ion and p ar t ak e of i t s blessings y e t t h e
res t as well as all t h e recrean t membe rs of t h e n a t ion
i t self who are t h e ene m ies of t heir own coun t ry a n d of
G o d are des t ined t o be des t royed ; for i t is wri t t en
A l l t he sinners of My p eo p le S hall die b y t h e sword
A
mos
i
x
I
will
purge
I o
o u t from a m ong you t he
)
(

rebels an d t hem t ha t t rans g ress agains t Me (E z ek iel


xx
I t is eviden t t ha t t his elimin a t ion of t h e
wic k ed from t he nat ion i t self will be p ar t of t h e sift in g
process and t hat t h e rem ain der represen t ing t h e t rue
seed will be t h e n a t ion of t h e fu t ure of which i t i s

said Thy people shall be all ri g h t eous (I s a f lx


.

'

IM POR T A N CE

OF T H E

S UBJE C T

has oft e n been as k ed


O f what value t o t h e
Chris t ian even if t rue is t h e iden t i t y of t h e Bri t ish wi t h
I srael ? I t has t his impor t ance t hat whereas t h e
apparen t n o n -fu l l m e n t of t h e promises t o I srael is one
of t h e s t ron g es t arg u men t s of t h e I ndel agai n s t t h e
inspirat ion of t h e Bible t h e evidence of t heir e x ac t f u l
l m e n t in t h e Bri t ish race has in numerous cases l e d
unbelievers t o believe in t he t ru t h of t he Bible and has
It

I S R A EL

0
5

t hrow n

1N

B R I TA I N

a n e w l i g h t on and crea t ed a deep in t eres t in


predic t ions of t h e prophe t s which pre v iously
t he
appeared t o be o f no signi cance o r prac t ical i m
por t ance
This of i t self o ugh t t o be of t h e g re a t es t in t eres t t o
every t rue Chris t ian May n o t indeed t h e reco g ni t ion o f
t his t r u t h be one of t h e m eans for res t orin g t h e rapidly
h
t
e
rowin
unbelief
in
Bible
w
hich
is
undermining
t
h
e
g
g
m oral charac t er and rec t i t ude of t h e n a t ion an d which
is t h e cer t ain forerun ner of j ud g men t
Secondly
t
he
belief
in
t
heir
common
origin
and
fu
ure
t
F
fa t e could n o t fail t o be a s t rong bond of u n i o n b e t w e e n
t he di ff eren t por t ion s of the na t ion and t his must be of
t h e g rea t es t impor t ance in V iew of t he a t t emp t s which
are now bein g m ade t o s e t class again s t class and t o
disin t e g ra t e t h e nation by separa t ing cer t ain por t ion s

h
from
rem
ain
der
t
e
?
(
Finally woul d i t be no t hing t o k now t hat we are t he
chosen people of G o d in t h e dark days which are loomin g
in the near fu t ure an d which will co m e upon Chris t ian
and unbelievers ali k e ? Surely in t h e s t or m and s t ress
and an g uish of those days i t would be a s t rong conso
lat ion t o be able t o res t on t h e promis e
Whosoever
shall ga t her t o g e t her agains t t hee shall fall for t h y
sake
no weapon t ha t is formed agains t t hee shall
prosper (I sa liv 1 5
B u t t here are y e t grea t er calami t ies t o come upon all
nations in t he fas t a p p ro a ch I n g G reat and Terrible D ay
of t h e L ord when i t will be well t o k now t hat t h e Bri t ish
if t hey a re I srael will be delivered o u t of t hem
a l on e
u
B
t
t
h
t
xxx
wha
will
be
fa
e
of
t
he
Bri
ish
r
t
e
t
e
(J
if t hey are n o t I srael ? For i t is wri t t en
Fear n o t
0 J acob M y servan t for I a m wi t h t hee ; fo r I will
m ak e a full en d of all t he na t ions whi t h er I have driven
r
e
t hee : bu t I will n o t m a k e a full end of t hee
(J
x lvi
,

'

Thi s wo u l d be t h e e ff e c t of g i v in g H ome R u l e as u rg ed b y some


t o Scot l a n d a n d Wa l e s as i f t h e y w ere d i st inc t peop l e s t o t h e E n g li sh
,

B"

S AM E A UT H O R

T HE

Cheap

E d i t ion , 6 3

ne

WORS HI P OF THE DEA D

THE

T HE

O F PA G AN

I D O LAT R "

T HE

ON

NA T U
RE

O R I G I N AN D
E

A R L"

HIS T O R "

a nd

E G " PT

OF
.

Wood cats

n u m e rou s

B E AR I N G

I TS

BAB " LO N IA

AN D
Fou r P l a t e s

AN D

ARG MENT
T H E book i s wri t t e n in O pposi t ion t o t he t heories of Mo d e rn
E volu t ionist s H ig her Cri t ics a n d o t hers who in ord er t o
d iscredi t O ld Test a m en t H is t ory assert t hat a ll reli g ions
including J udaism a n d Chris t ianit y are merely t h e resul t
of a g ra d ual evolu t ion of human t houg h t from a suppose d
ori g inal savag e s t a t e O f m a n t o t hat of mo d ern civiliz at ion
I n t h e pre sen t work t h e au t hor S hows from t h e con
S en t ien t t e s t imony of ancien t wri t ers t h a t t h e ancient
P a g anism ori g in a t ed wi t h t h e hi g hl y civil i z e d peoples of
E g y pt and B a lyl o n i a S hort ly aft er t h e D elu g e and t ha t i t
S p read from t hem t hroug hou t t he worl d (j e r 1i
and t hat
i t s chi e f g ods were t h e rs t kin g s of t h e Cushi t e race w ho
were d eie d aft er d eat h The t rue ori g in a n d n a t ure of t he
Ma g ic S orcery a n d N ecrom a ncy which were associat e d
wit h t his I d ola t ry a n d t h e i d ent i t y of t heir me t ho d s a n d
i
heno
m
ena
wi
h
hose
of
mo
ern
p
ri
ualism
Theo
t
t
d
S
t
p
sophy e t c i s also S hown
H ist o ry o f t h e overt hrow of t his Id olat ry by T he
S he phe rd Ki ng s a n d who t hey were
The resusci t a t ion a n d ult imat e d evelopmen t of t his
I d ola t ry a n d i t s iden t it y wi t h mo d ern R omanism
.

O P I N I O N S O F T H E PR E S S
A veri t able li brary of a nci e n t li terat u r e c o m pressed in t o r e aso n
a b le
d i m e n si o n s
H ere w ill be fo u nd a ll t h at i s k no w n of t h ose
m y s t ic al be in g s t h e N e p h i li m and t h e R ep h a i m A nci e n t g ods a n d
x
t
oddesses
e
inc
t
cu
lts
a
n
d
t
h
e
s
ran
e
be
li
efs
a
n
d
m
y
s
er
i
es
of
d
i
s
t
t
g
g
t a n t ag es are a l l dea l t w i t h in a p l a in b u t cl ear a n d e l e g a n t sty l e

D a i ly Te le g raph
a n d hi s boo k i s a s fas cin a t ing a s a n y ro m a nc e
Th e a u t h or h as p l a c ed a ll t h o se in teres t ed in t h e st u dy of h ea t h en
my t h o l o g i es a n d t h e t h eory of d a i m o n i a u n d e r h eav y ob li g at i o n b y
I t sh o u l d t ak e
t h e pu b lic a t i on of t hi s i mporta n t a n d va l u ab l e w or k
hig h ra nk amo n g t h e ver y bes t work s t h at h ave pre c eded i t I t
w o u l d be di f c u lt t o spea k t o o hi g hl y of t h e bo ok e i t h er i n de t a il or

as a w h o l e L i v e 1 pool M e rcu ry
.

P R E S S con ti n u e d
m os t c o m pre h e n s i ve trea t i s e s o n a nci en t
O PI

O n e of t h e
N ort h e rn Whig

N I

ON S

T HE

OF

M y t h olo g y

'

very remar k ab l e boo k S h o u l d be c ome a cl ass ic R ich in


resear ch A w e i rd boo k ye t o n e m u ch wa n t ed
Th e R ock
A vo lu me t eem i n g fro m s t ar t to ni s h w i t h in t eres t i n g fa c ts a n d

x
We st e rn M orn i ng N e ws i
A boo k of s u rpass i n g e c e ll e nc e
t h eori es
Th e ch ap t er on t h e m ora l aspe c t of P a g an i s m i s a t t in g con

" orkshi re H e ra ld
w
k
or
c lu si on t o so adm i rab l e a
A

B"

S A M E A UT H O R

T HE

BO OK

S hort ly R

TH E

FOR

R e v i se d a n d E n la rg e d E di t i on
piece a n d D ia g ram , 3 3 6 d
.

B UI L D

Wi t h

C lo t h

ne

G il t ,

wi t h Fron t is

G R E A T P" RA M I D

T HE
I T S

TI M E S

e a dy

E R

I T S

AND

PR

HE C"

Corre spon d i ng P rophe ci e s of


R e v i e w of t he
S cript u re R e la t i ng t o Com i ng E v e n t s a n d t he A pproa chi ng
E n d of t he A g e
a

TE
T h e deve l opme n t of e ve n t s s inc e t h e rs t ed i t i o n of t hi s boo k wa s
p u b li s h ed h as t h ro w n m uch li g h t o n t h e f u t u re a n d h as ne c ess i t a t ed
c o n s i derab l e add i t i o n s in order to S h o w t h e sole m n n a t u re of t h e
eve n t s t h ro u g h which t h e w or l d a n d B ri ta in in p ar t i c u l ar are n ow
p ass in g a n d t h e mena c e of t h e i m m ed i at e f u t u re
N O

O PI N I O N S ,OP T H E P RE SS
Thi s e l abora t e vo l u me w illbe of i n t ense in terest t o s t u de n t s of

prop h e c y H i s w h o l e e xp o si t I O n i s w or t h y of seri o u s a t te n t i o n
.

Th e R e cord

i mme n se in t ere s t from beg innin g t o e n d A n o u t lin e of


prop h e t ic t r ut h w hich m u s t c o mma n d o u r respe ct a n d at t e n t i o n

Th e E ng li sh Ch u rchr
na n
Wort h y of t h e mos t c areful s t u dy
I n t e n se l y i n
M os t a t t ra c t i ve l y w ri t t e n ; li beral and t o l era n t
t e re st i n g pag es I t s t i m u l a t es i n t eres t in t h e grea t es t of a ll s u bj e c t s of
C hr i st i an st u dy We are pass in g t h ro u g h t ime s fra u g h t w i t h i ss u es so
mome n to u s t h at eve n un bel i evers are stag gered by t h e p orte n ts of

Th e C h ri st i a n C om m on w e a l t h
t h e cr i si s
We s t ron g l y advi se n ot merely t h e p er u sal b u t t he da ref ul s t u d y
of t h e remark able vo l u me wri t t e n by C o l on e l G ar ni er We have
n o t hi n g b u t p ra i se for t h e masterly reveren t i al a n d fas cin a t ing w ay
in w hich h e presents hi s arg u me n ts
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c o nc er n ed wit h t h e a c c u ra cy of t h e Bib l e and t h e des t in y of t h e
h u man ra c e I t will a re v elat i on t o al l E l abora t e mas t erl y a n d
in g e ni o u s ch apters P u bli c Opi n i on

A remark able

re r

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R O B E R T BA N KS A N D S O N , R a c q u et C o u r t , F l e e t
d e r of a ny B ookse lle r
or by or
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