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General Chemistry II

CHM 1046 Fall 2014


Exam II
RED FORM 3
Name
Panther ID

1.

What is conjugate acid of NH3?


A) NH2 B) NH2+
C) NH2

D) NH4

E) NH4+

2.
A)
B)
C)

What is the name of a proton donor in a reaction?


Arrhenius acid
D)
BrnstedLowry base
Arrhenius base
E)
Lewis base
BrnstedLowry acid

3.

Which of the following is the correct equilibrium expression for the autoionization of
water?
D) Kw = [OH][H3O+]
A) K = [H2O]2
H 3O
OH H 3O

B) K
E) K W
2
OH
H 2O
C) Kw = [OH][H3O]

4.

What is the name given to a substance that can act as a Brnsted acid or as a Brnsted
base according to with what it is reacting?
A) hydrophilic
B) hydrophobic
C) amphoteric
D) isoprotic
E) isoelectronic

5.

What is the H+ ion concentration in a 2.1 104 M Ca(OH)2 solution?


D)
2.4 1011 M
A)
7.3 104 M
E)
4.8 1011 M
B)
1.4 103 M
4
C)
2.1 10 M

6.

What is the pH of a 0.056 M HNO3 solution?


A) 0.056 B) 1.25 C) 12.75 D) 2.88 E) 11.11

7.

What is the pOH of a 0.0250 M HI solution?


A) 0.94 B) 1.60 C) 12.4 D) 13.1 E) none of the above

8.

What is the [H3O+] for a solution at 25C that has pOH = 5.640?
D)
4.27 1011 M
A)
2.34 104 M
E)
8.360 M
B)
2.29 106 M
C)
4.37 109 M

9.

Which one of the following is a strong base?


A) LiOH B) CH3COOH C) NH3 D) H3PO4

E) HClO2

10.

Which one of the following is a strong acid?


A) CH3COOH B) H2SO3 C) NH3 D) H3PO4

E) HClO3

11.

Acid strength decreases in the series HI > HSO4 > HF > H2CO3 > HCN. Which of these
anions is the weakest base?
A) I B) SO42 C) F D) CN E) HCO3

12.

Calculate the pH of a 0.021 M NaCN solution. [Ka(HCN) = 4.9 1010]


A) 1.68 B) 3.18 C) 5.49 D) 7.00 E) 10.82

13.

What mass of sodium nitrite must be added to 350.0 mL of water to give a solution with
pH = 8.40? [Ka(HNO2) = 5.6 104]
A) 68 g B) 1.7 104 g C) 0.039 g D) 8.5 g E) 24 g

14.

Butyric acid is responsible for the odor in rancid butter. A solution of 0.25 M butyric acid
has a pH of 2.71. What is the Ka for the acid?
A) 0.36
B) 2.4 102
C) 7.8 103
D) 1.5 105
E) none of the above

15.

What is the pH of a 0.050 M triethylamine, (C2H5)3N, solution? Kb for triethylamine is


5.3 104.
A) 11.69 B) 8.68 C) 5.32 D) 2.31 E) < 2.0

16.

Find the pH of a 0.183 M aqueous solution of hypobromous acid (HOBr), for which Ka =
2.06 109.
A) 4.72 B) 8.69 C) 3.97 D) 4.34 E) 9.28

17.

Which of the following is the correct Kb expression for the reaction below:
B(aq) + H2O(l)
A) Kb = [B][H2O]
HB+ OH
B) K b
B H 2O
C)

HB+ OH
Kb
H 2O

HB+ OH
D) K b
B
+
E) Kb = [HB ][OH]

HB+(aq) + OH (aq)

18.

For H3PO4, K a1 = 7.3 103, K a 2 = 6.2 106, and K a 3 = 4.8 1013. An aqueous
solution of NaH2PO4 therefore would be
A) neutral. B) basic. C) acidic. D) a salt. E) none of the above

19.

Which of the following is the most acidic: HBrO3, HFO3, HIO3, and HClO3?
A) HBrO3 B) HFO3 C) HIO3 D) HClO3 E) none of the above

20.

Which of the following is the strongest base?


D)
A)
CH3NH2, Kb = 4.4 104
9
E)
B)
C5H5N, Kb = 1.7 10
C)
H2NCONH2, Kb = 1.5 1014

21.

Calculate the pH of a buffer solution that contains 0.25 M benzoic acid (C6H5CO2H) and
0.15 M sodium benzoate (C6H5COONa). [Ka = 6.5 105 for benzoic acid]
A) 3.97 B) 4.83 C) 4.19 D) 3.40 E) 4.41

22.

Which one of the following combinations cannot function as a buffer solution?


A)
HCN and KCN
D)
HF and NaF
HNO2 and NaNO2
B)
NH3 and (NH4)2SO4 E)
C)
HNO3 and NaNO3

23.

Which of the following is the definition of a buffer?


A)
a solution containing a strong acid and its conjugate base
B)
a solution containing a strong base and its conjugate acid
C)
a substance that catalyzes a reaction
D)
an organic compound which is only soluble in an organic solvent
E)
a solution containing a weak acid and its conjugate base

24.

Which of the following is an exact or approximate value of the pH at the equivalence


point of a titration of a strong acid with a strong base?
A) 14.0 B) 7.0 C) 3.5 D) 1.0 E) 10.5

25.

You are asked to go into the lab and prepare an acetic acidsodium acetate buffer
solution with a pH of 4.00 0.02. What molar ratio of CH3COOH to CH3COONa should
be used?
A) 0.18 B) 0.84 C) 1.19 D) 5.50 E) 0.10

26.

Calculate the pH of the solution resulting from the addition of 10.0 mL of 0.10 M NaOH
to 50.0 mL of 0.10 M HCN (Ka = 4.9 1010) solution.
A) 5.15 B) 8.71 C) 5.85 D) 9.91 E) 13.0

27.

For PbCl2 (Ksp = 2.4 104), will a precipitate of PbCl2 form when 0.10 L of
3.0 102 M Pb(NO3)2 is added to 400 mL of 9.0 102 M NaCl?
D)
No, because Q = Ksp.
A) Yes, because Q > Ksp.
E)
Yes, because Q < Ksp.
B) No, because Q < Ksp.
C) Yes, because Q = Ksp

NH3, Kb = 1.8 105


C2H5NH2, Kb = 5.6 104

28.

Write the ion product expression for magnesium fluoride, MgF2.


1
D)
A)
[Mg2+][F]

B)

[Mg2+][F]2
2

C)

E)

1
2

29.
The solubility of lead (II) iodide is 0.064 g/100 mL at 20oC. What is the solubility
product for lead (II) iodide?
A) 1.1 108
B) 3.9 106
C) 1.1 1011
D) 2.7 1012
E) 1.4 103
30.

Calculate the solubility of silver oxalate, Ag2C2O4, in pure water. [Ksp = 1.0 1011]
D)
3.2 106 M
A)
1.4 104 M
5
E)
2.5 1012 M
B)
8.2 10 M
C)
5.4 105 M