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CCIE Service Provider Ver. 3.0 Advanced Technologies Class Service Provider QoS http://www.INE.com

CCIE Service Provider Ver. 3.0 Advanced Technologies Class

Service Provider QoS

http://www.INE.com

Quality of Service Overview

• Different service levels for different “classes” (types) of traffic

• SP QoS Goals

– Traffic admission control from CE

• Enforce a traffic rate per SLA

• Honor / override CE’s classification scheme

– DSCP / IP Precedence to MPLS EXP mappings

– Transit control

• Guarantee bandwidth between sites

• Prioritize important traffic flows

• Sell different transit SLAs

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between sites • Prioritize important traffic flows • Sell different transit SLAs Copyright © www.INE.com 1

4/26/2012

QoS Models

• IntServ QoS model

– Integrated Services

– Network devices request specific service for particular flow

• DiffServ QoS model

– Differentiated Services

– Flows get specific service based on traffic classification done by the network

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classification done by the network Copyright © www.INE.com   Integrated Services QoS • RSVP – Resource
 

Integrated Services QoS

• RSVP – Resource Reservation Protocol

• Original goal was for hosts to request service of the network

– Assumes transit networks will enforce admission control and honor reservations

– Doesn’t scale; transit network would need to maintain state for every single flow

• Abandoned with few exceptions

 

MPLS TE for our purposes

• RSVP only makes reservation in “control plane”, not “data plane”

DiffServ must enforce reservations

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Copyright © www.INE.com

4/26/2012

 

Differentiated Services QoS

• Packet markings or attributes used to “differentiate” traffic classes

• IPv4 DiffServ

 
 

– DSCP – 6 bits = 64 classes

– IP Precedence – 3 bits = 8 classes

• MPLS DiffServ

 

MPLS EXP bits – 3 bits = 8 classes

• Advanced DiffServ

 
 

– ACLs

– NBAR

• Locally Significant DiffServ

 

QoS Group

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Differentiated Services QoS

Once classified, traffic can be…

 

– Guaranteed bandwidth

 

– Prioritized

– Scheduled

 

• WFQ

• WRR

• WRED

 

– Limited

 
 

• CAR / Policing

• Shaping

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4/26/2012

 

Traffic Classification Methods

 

• DiffServ classification through

 

– MQC Match / Set

 

• IP Precedence / DSCP / NBAR / ACLs / MPLS EXP / QoS Group

– Legacy CAR

 

– Policy Routing

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MPLS VPN QoS Classification

 

• Marking can occur at many places

 

Am I dealing with IP packet, VPN label, TE label, or transport label?

• IP to MPLS

 

VPN label imposed on IP packet at PE-CE ingress

 

• MPLS to MPLS

– Push

 
 

• Transport label imposed on VPN label

 

• MPLS TE label imposed on transport / VPN label

– Swap

 
 

Transport label disposed, new transport label imposed

– Pop

 

• Transport label disposed to reveal VPN

 

• MPLS TE label disposed to reveal transport / VPN label

• MPLS to IP

 

VPN label disposed to reveal IP packet

 

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4/26/2012

Ultimate Hop Popping

• Last hop in MPLS network advertises implicit null label by default

– Causes “penultimate” hop to pop label

• Popping label destroys MPLS EXP policy

• Ultimate hop popping forces penultimate hop to send a blank label (explicit null) to the ultimate hop

router(config)# mpls ldp explicit-null

• Allows end-to-end propagation of MPLS EXP

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end-to-end propagation of MPLS EXP Copyright © www.INE.com MPLS VPN QoS Models • Uniform Mode –

MPLS VPN QoS Models

• Uniform Mode

– CE IPv4 marking is mapped to MPLS EXP at SP ingress

– SP MPLS EXP may be remarked in transit

– IPv4 egress marking on PE-CE link based on remarked MPLS EXP

– Customer marking is dependent on SP marking

• Pipe Mode

– CE IPv4 marking may be mapped to MPLS EXP at SP ingress

– SP MPLS EXP may be remarked in transit

– IPv4 not remarked at PE-CE egress

– Customer marking is independent of SP marking

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