You are on page 1of 4


Guide
to
Changes
in
the
MLA
Style
Manual,
3rd
Edition


The
3rd
edition
of
the
MLA
Style
Manual
&
Guide
to
Scholarly
Publishing
presents
a
number
of

changes
to
the
MLA
documentation
style,
especially
for
digital
artifacts,
and
greatly
clarifies

citation
of
electronic
sources.
Major
changes
since
the
2nd
edition
are
outlined
here,
with

examples
of
common
types
of
sources.
Citations
within
the
text
continue
to
use
parenthetical

documentation
by
author
and
page.
For
further
detail
and
other
types
of
sources,
please

consult
the
MLA
manual
itself.


Basic
Changes
to
Works
Cited
Entries

1. Titles
of
independent,
stand‐alone
works
such
as
books,
films,
albums,
journals,
etc.
are

now
italicized,
rather
than
underlined.

2. Articles
from
scholarly
journals
must
now
include
both
the
volume
and
issue
numbers,

even
if
continuous
pagination
is
used.

3. Works
cited
only
on
the
web
must
include
the
publisher
or
sponsor
of
the
site.
If
this
is

not
available,
use
“N.p.”

4. All
entries
must
now
include
the
medium
of
publication:

a. Print,
Web,
DVD,
CD‐ROM,
Television,
Film,
Audiocassette,
LP,
Artistic
medium
(e.g.,

Lithograph
on
paper),
Performance

b. For
digital
files,
in
the
place
reserved
for
medium
of
publication,
record
the
digital
file

format,
followed
by
the
word
file,
neither
italicized
(except
for
titles
of
software

programs)
nor
enclosed
in
quotation
marks;
e.g.,
PDF
file,
Microsoft
Word
file,
JPEG

file,
MP3
file,
XML
file

5. Works
found
on
the
web
with
print
publication
data
(such
as
articles
from
databases)

need
to
include
the
title
of
the
database
or
website
(italicized),
the
medium
of
publication

(Web,
PDF
file,
etc.),
and
the
date
of
access
in
the
following
format:
dd
Mon.
yyyy
(12
Jul.

2008).

6. Generally,
omit
URLs
for
work
found
online,
except
when
readers
are
unlikely
to
be
able

to
locate
the
work
through
the
cited
database
or
through
a
search
engine.
If
a
URL
must

be
included,
enclose
it
in
angle
brackets
and
include
the
access‐mode
identifier
(http
or

ftp).


Sample
Entries
For
Common
Sources
(with
MLA
section
reference)

Article
from
a
scholarly
journals
(§
6.5.2)

Burke,
Kenneth.
“On
Persuasion,
Identification,
and
Dialectical
Symmetry.”
Ed.
James
Zappen.

Philosophy
and
Rhetoric
39:4
(2006):
333‐339.
Print.



Our
Cultural
Commonwealth.
but
drop
the
medium
of
original
publication
 (Print).6)
 Kaminer.
 Tibullus.
PDF
file.
Carbondale:
Southern
Illinois
UP. Medium
of
publication
consulted
(Web.
use
“n.
 117‐36.
PDF
file.
Print.5.
2007.
Print.
 Article
in
a
magazine
(§
6.
Print.
 Periodical
publication
in
an
online
database
(§
6.3)
 Begin
in
the
same
way
that
you
would
for
a
print
journal.
“Spellbound.
6.
Print.7.
“Lawmakers
Urge
Special
Counsel
Probe
of
Harsh
Interrogation
Tactics.2)
 Massumi.2
(2008):
156‐78.6.
Mary
E.17.
pag.
pag.
Marshall
R.”
New
Republic
14
Oct.4.
Brian.”
Sight
and
Sound
Dec.
Print.”
Romanticism
on
the
Net
46
(2007):
n.
Kendrick.
Chicago
Review
48.
Joby.
1996:
24+.8.
New
York:
ACLS.
Hocks
and
Michelle
R.
Print.
Albius.
late
ed.
2003.4
(2003‐03):
102‐06.5)
 Warrick.
2002.
 American
Council
of
Learned
Societies.15)
 Pihl.
 Book
by
a
single
author
or
group
(§
6.6.
Commission
on
Cyberinfrastructure
for
the
Humanities
 and
Social
Sciences.
 Article
in
a
journal
published
only
on
the
web

(§
6.
Ed.
“The
“Shocking
Story”
of
Emmett
Till
and
the
Politics
of
Public
Confession.
enter
n.8.
Ian
and
Lenore
Langsdorf.
2005:
28–30.
If
the
periodical
does
not
show
page
numbers.
Reformation
and
the
Visualization
of
Culture
in
 Rousseau’s
La
nouvelle
Héloïse.18)
 Follow
the
normal
method
for
bibliographic
information.”
New
York
 Times
8
Jun.
David
Wray.
1993.
Cambridge:
MIT
P.
Print.6)
 Angus.
If
pagination
is
unavailable.
Dave.
 Article
in
a
newspaper
(§
6.
and
the
date
of
access.7.
8
Nov.
Print.”
Eloquent
Images:
Word
and
Image
In
 The
Age
Of
New
Media.5.”
Trans.
Harvard‐ Yenching
Inst.:
A07.
“How
to
Be
Tibullus.
 Book
in
a
series
(§
6.
 Wood.
 LaGrandeur.6.
Parables
for
the
Virtual.
Web.
pag.
“The
Last
Taboo.
2008.
2006.
Durham:
Duke
UP.
“Digital
Images
and
Classical
Persuasion.
etc.
 Conclude
the
entry
with
the
following
items:
 1.
Cambridge:
Harvard
UP.”
in
the
 place
of
inclusive
page
numbers.
“Images
of
Virtue:
Reading.
Conclude
with
the
medium
consulted
(Web).
Kevin.
37.
 Print.
Monograph
Ser.”
Quarterly
 Journal
of
Speech
94.
The
Korean
Singer
of
Tales.
 Landauer.RSQ
MLA
Documentation
Guide
 Revised 3 June 2009
 
 page
2
of
4 Tell.
The
Critical
Turn:
Rhetoric
&
Philosophy
in
Postmodern
 Discourse.
6. Title
of
database
(italicized)
 2.
Jason.
 Edited
books
and
sections
(§
6.
Michelle.
ed.
1994.
Wendy.)
 .


Internet
Archive.
1937.
13
Dec.
 National
Public
Radio.
Web.
1993.
New
York:
Viking.
conclude
with
the
following
items:
 1.
1903.2‐d)
 The
Great
Train
Robbery.
Web.
Print.
Dorothea.
1936.
 LexisNexis.
MS.5
(1995):
562–69.

 Sorby.
SilverPlatter.
Prints
and
Photographs
Div.
20
July
2003.
12
Oct.
 Translated
work
(§
6.
 Richardson.
2007.
21
June
1997.
ERIC.
 For
items
cited
from
a
database
on
a
CD
or
DVD.RSQ
MLA
Documentation
Guide
 Revised 3 June 2009
 
 page
3
of
4 3.
PDF
file.
Web..
Print.7.3
(2002):
465‐87.
Television.
TS.
Craig
Haffner.
Letter
to
Richard
McKeon.
Thomas
Edison.11)
 For
classical
works.
Brooklyn
Technical
High
School.
Narr.
Transcript.”
College
English
57.8.
15
Aug. Date
of
access
(day.
“Teaching
Tu
Fu
on
the
Night
Shift.
The
Migrant
Mother.
"How
to
Do
Things
with
Doxa:
Toward
an
Analysis
of
Argumentation
in
Discourse.
WNYC.
“Postmodernism
and
Hong
Kong
Cinema.
 3.

 Homer.:
A1+.
Memo
to
English
dept.
Ruth.
A
Class
Apart:
Special
Education
in
New
York
City.3
(2000):
n.
 4.
 Project
Muse.
Anthony
T.6.
 Lange.
Dir.

 .
Pennsylvania
State
U.
or
email
message
(§
6.
Angela.
Trans.
Kenneth
Burke
Archives.”
Postmodern
Culture
10.
Philip.”
Message
to
Daniel
J.
Paterno
 Lib.
Pt.
Of
Cong.
1994.
year:
20
May
2008
or
14
Oct.
to
facilitate
cross‐referencing
with
original
 language
and
with
other
translations.
month.

 Burke.
pag.
 Medium
of
publication
consulted
 Title
of
database
(italicized)
 Name
of
the
vendor
 Publication
date
of
the
database
 Brady.
memo.
Abstract.
1994.”
New
York
Times
6
 Apr.
cite
chapter
and
section.
1
of
a
series.
Kenneth.
 “Shakespearean
Putdowns.
 Unpublished
letter.
6
Apr.

 Television
or
radio
broadcast
(or
transcript)
(§
6.
 CD‐ROM.
1
June
 2000.
E‐mail.

 Cahill.13)
 Boyle.
20
May
2002."
 Poetics
Today
23.
9
May
 2007.
Robert
Fagles.
JSTOR.
New
York.
2007)
 Amossy.
Web.
Robert
Siegel
and
Linda
Wertheimer.
1996.
Cahill.1)
 “Frederick
Douglass.
Letter
to
the
author.
fac.
All
Things
Considered.
9
May
2007.8.
“Re:
Utopia.
 Chan.
Sept.
not
pages.
Dir.
Danny
Glover.
 2.
Daniel
J..
Arts
and
 Entertainment
Network
6
Apr.
Lib.
The
Odyssey..
 Visual
work
of
web
origin
(§
6.
Evans.
2006.
Lynda.”
Civil
War
Journal.
MS.
Edward
Porter.”
Narr.
1996.
New
York.
Dorothea
 Lange:
Photographer
of
the
People.
late
ed.
“Minority
Students
Languish
in
Special
Education
System.


Anthony
J.”
Modern
Language
 Association.0.2‐c)
 Cascardi.
2007.
MLA.RSQ
MLA
Documentation
Guide
 Revised 3 June 2009
 
 page
4
of
4 Work
cited
only
on
the
web
(§
6.
Ideologies
of
History
in
the
Spanish
Golden
Age.7.
comp.
Web.
 
 .
2007.
 Work
on
the
web
cited
with
print
publication
data
(§
6.
José
Ángel.2)
 Committee
on
Scholarly
Editions.
 Lessig.
Web.
Web.p.
and
Philology.
“Guidelines
for
Editors
of
Scholarly
Editions.7.html>.
N.
Criticism.
12
Mar.
2007.

A
Bibliography
of
Literary
Theory.
12th
ed.
2007.
Lawrence.
10
Jul.
29
Nov.
2007.org/blog/2008/07/the_immunity_hysteria.”
Lessig
2.
Web.
20
Nov.
 U
de
Zaragoza.
1997.
Penn
State
Romance
Studies.
17
Jul.
2008.
2008.
University
Park:
Pennsylvania
 State
UP.
 <http://lessig.
 Garcia
Landa.
“The
Immunity
Hysteria.
25
Sept.