Sie sind auf Seite 1von 30

CHAPTER 2

2. ANALYSIS

2.1 PROJECT PLAN

It is a formal, approved document used to guide both project execution and project
control. The primary uses of the project plan are to document planning
assumptions and decisions, facilitate communication among stakeholders, and
document approved scope, cost, and schedule baselines.
The Project Plan is a relatively brief document that is addressed to a diverse
audience. It must communicate scope and resources to software management,
technical staff, and the customer. It defines risks and suggests risk aversion
techniques. Also define cost and schedule for management review. It provides an
overall approach to software development for all people associated with the project
and outline how quality will be ensured and change will be managed.
For our college time table project the project plan phase comprises of the
identification of different tasks.

2.1.1 TASK IDENTIFICATION PLAN

All the work needed to perform the project is analyzed and organized. The problem
and value proposition addressed by the project is described. Task performed to

complete the work is divided in the group of five, where each individual has to
perform their own task and later we have integrated the all the task. The timeline of
the project is also decided from the beginning.
It comprises of different modules of our project. Each module determines the
following task respectively as follows:Module I: Registration
Fill all the entries such as email id, password, phone no and address. Then, after
filling all the details correctly and press the submit button. All the entries stored in
the database
Module II: Insertion of Details
College details
Teacher details
Subjects, labs, seminar, project lab details
Branch and shift details
Module III: Change password
Here, the user can change his password by entering the email id, old password
and new

password. After filling the details, changes will be done in database.

Module IV: Time Table generation


After filling all the details, the time table will be generated.
Module V: Print Time Table
The time table can be printed directly from the website.

2.2FEASIBILITY STUDY

The assessment is based on an outline design of system requirements in terms of


Input, Processes, Output, Fields, Programs, and Procedures. This can be quantified
in terms of volumes of data, trends, frequency of updating, etc. in order to estimate
whether the new system will perform adequately or not.
Due to the advent of various time table management systems, we need to
analyze the efficiency of user in implementing and using these functionalities. So a
new time table management system is developed which is feasible in all respect
which would be time saving and beneficial to the user.
We need to analyze the proposed system for its feasibilities. During the
preliminary stage of designing the system, the feasibility study for the system was
undertaken and it was found that the system was technically, financially and
operationally feasible in nature. The feasibility study can be categorized into:

2.2.1 TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY

The technical issues usually raised during the feasibility stage of the investigation
include the following- Does the necessary technology exist to do what is
suggested, Will the proposed system provide the adequate response to the inquires
and perform all the expected functions, Can the system be upgraded if it is
developed more in later and are they have technical guaranty of accuracy,
reliability, ease of access and data security.

The current system developed is very much technically feasible. It is web based
systems which provide the easy access to the users. The purpose of the database is
to create, establish and maintain a workflow among different entities like teachers,
subjects and labs. Permission to the users would be granted based on the roles
specified. Therefore, it provides the technical guarantee of accuracy, reliability and
security.
The software and hardware requirement for the development of this project are
not many and they are available as free as open source. The work for this project is
done with current and existing web designing technology as PHP, MySql and tools
like Dreamweaver. At the user end, the need of good web browser that supports
PHP5 and the fast internet connection is required.

2.2.2 OPERATIONAL FEASIBILITY

Any system is beneficial if they can be turned out into information system. This
will helps in meeting the operating requirements of the organization. Operational
feasibility aspects of the project are to be taken as an important part of the project
implementation.
Some of the important issues raised are to test the operational feasibility of a
project includes the following- Is there is sufficient support of the management
from the users, will the system be used and work properly if it is being developed
and implemented and will there be any resistance from the user that will undermine
the possible application benefits.

Our system college time table management is in accordance with the above
mentioned issues. Beforehand, the management issues and user requirements have
been taken into consideration. So there is no question of resistance from the users
that can undermine the possible application benefits.
The well planned design will ensure the user for the optimal utilization of the
computer resources and will help in the improvement of performance status. Our
system follows all the standards given above. So, our system is operational
feasible.

2.2.3 FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY

A system can be developed technically and that can be used if installed but it will
be beneficial for the organization when it is financial feasible.
In the economic feasibility, the development cost in creating the system is
evaluated against the ultimate benefit derived from the new systems. Economical
benefits must equal or exceed the costs. Our system is economical feasible.
Our project does not need any high cost software and hardware. As our system
is an online based system. So the user needs only user friendly web browser and
the high speed internet and he should have good knowledge about how to use the
internet services. There is a normal expenditure and economic feasibility on the
project.
This module is financially feasible because we are using existing tools and
software to develop it. We do not need to buy any other software. We are going to
use following tools and software.

Dreamweaver and Notepad++


Xampp Server
Web browser-Google Chrome

CHAPTER 3

3. DESIGN
The design of the project specifies the overall implementation of the project in
terms of Software Requirement Specification, UML diagrams, Sequence
Diagrams, Activity Diagrams. All these specify the overall functionality of the
system which is being developed.
3.1 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION
3.1.1 INTRODUCTION
3.1.1.1 PURPOSE

The purpose of this document is to present a detailed description of the Web based
college time table management system. It will explain the purpose and features
of the system, the interfaces of the system, what the system will do, the constraints
under which it must operate and how the system will react to external stimuli. The
document also describes the nonfunctional requirements such as the user
interfaces. It also describes the design constraints that are to be considered when
the system is to be designed, and other factors necessary to provide a complete and
comprehensive description of the requirements for the software. The software
requirement specification captures the complete software requirements for the
system, or a portion of the system. Requirements described in this document are
derived from the vision document prepared for timetable management system.

3.1.1.2 SCOPE
It describes the scope of the software application to be produced. The description
identifies the software product; describe its functionality and application of the
software. It includes the description of the benefits, objectives and goals of the
software. The scope of the system is to generate time table for different branches
according to the data entered. Forms are filled according to the data. If anyone
wants to view teacher load then also he can able to see. If the user wants to print
then also he can do.

3.1.1.3 DEFINATIONS,ACRONYMS& ABBREVIATIONS


HTML: - Hyper Text Markup Language
CSS: - Cascading style sheet
PHP: - Hypertext Preprocessor

3.1.1.4 REFERENCES
Core PHP programming, Pearson edition
Internet
www.w3school.com

3.1.1.5 OVERVIEW

SRS will include two sections:


Overall Description will describe major components of the system,
interconnection and external interfaces.
Specific Requirements will describe the functions of actors, their role in the
system and constraints.
3.1.2 OVERALL DESCRIPTIONS

Describe the general factors that affect the product and its requirements.
3.1.2.1PRODUCT PERSPECTIVE
The whole document contains the following in the mentioned order:
The user will login through their login id and password otherwise he will
register himself.
The user fill all the details related to college, subjects and teacher.
The user can see the teacher load and subject load.
The user can change its password after login through their email id and old
password.
Time table generates according to the semester and branch.
The user can print the time table.

3.1.2.2PRODUCT FUNCTION

Refer to the page where user will

Print button

print the time table


Reset

Available information is reset.

Login

Login through email id and password

Submit

To submit the form

Print option

To print the time table.

Log out

Sign out from the user account


Table 3.1 Product Function

3.1.2.3 USER CHARACTERISTICS


Head of Department or person appointed by H.O.D can do the work of
Administrator.
The features that are available to the Administrator are:
Administrator has a unique login id and password.
Can insert the data related to the subjects, teachers, labs and the college.
Can generate the time table according to the data entered.
Can print the time table according to the branch and semester.

Can see the schedule of any branch.


There is only one user i.e. Administrator. He should has
Basic Experience with database administrator
Basic background knowledge about the appointment of Faculties.
Basic knowledge about the subject and the teacher who teaches these
subjects.

3.1.2.4SYSTEM ASSUMPTIONS,DEPENDENCIES AND CONSTRAINTS


Assumptions
It describes the assumptions made that can affect the requirements of the
SRS. The assumption we made during our project is that the user has the
good knowledge of the database and he can do the work online. The internet
speed at user side should be very fast so that work will be done properly. All
the software that are necessary for the system should be installed at user
computer.
Dependencies
It describes each dependency that can affect the requirements specified in
the SRS. Our system only depends on the high speed connection of the
internet. The latest version of Web browser such as Mozilla Firefox, Google
chrome should be available.

Constraints

It describes the factors that limit the scope and functionality of the software.
As our project, is a web based system so its main requirement is the high
speed internet connection and latest version of the web browser that supports
PHP5.

3.1.3 DESIGN CONSTRAINTS


Usability: The system college time table website is worked should have the
minimum hardware requirements.
Security: The project should be secure enough so that there should not be any
mishandling.

3.1.4 FUTURE EXTENSIONS


The leave management system will be added.
Manual changes can be done.
Faculties will be provided with their login id and password so that they can view
their time table.

3.2 ER- DIAGRAM FOR THE SYSTEM

3.3 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

Fig:Detailed Architecture of University Timetabling InformationSystem.


Once the student information system database is enriched with classified
data, it allows efficient administration of the university timetabling function as
well as generates timetable views. To further enhance the administration function,
these timetable views allow the information to be queried from various
perspectives namely: rooms, student, staff and courses. These views generate
manual and automated timetables and provide not only screen viewing but also the
ability to print hardcopies. Furthermore an ad hoc report generator, embedded in
the application, allows for the creation of management report from both the
Maintenance and Administration modules.
The above mentioned information system architecture was designed during
the requirement specification process. It entailed the detail view of the system,

which comprises of ERDs, data structures and Data Dictionary. These


components of the requirements specification document are illustrated and
discussed later in this chapter. Furthermore, the proposed output, derived from the
requirement specification was classified into manual as well as automated
timetables and management reports. Hence the requirements of the system entail a
relational database that allows the logical storage of data with minimal
redundancies. This will allow the university timetabling application to maintenance
data and provide information to management for university administration. The
system should also encapsulate a timetable generator that allows for both manual
and automated timetables. The outputs of the system are the various management
and timetabling reports.

The manual timetable generator creates timetables that assist administrators


in a decision support system capacity by the provision of informed information. It
allows the user to create timetables from the data in the student database system
and facilitates manual allocation. The core strategy adopted was developing an
application from an IS perspective to encapsulate key administrative functions and
enhancement of the overall timetable generation process. With manual timetable
generation that supports the core timetabling process, the system with its
automated timetable generator, acts as a support facility to the core process.
Furthermore the application encapsulates not only the manual and automated
timetable generators but also provide an integrated solution to the other
administrative functions of the university. Thus the system generates manual
timetables and management reports from the data stored in the database and
generates automated timetables using this data and a Dynamic Slot Table
Algorithm (DSTA). However, the focus of the university timetabling information
system is on decision based timetable generation as opposed to algorithm- based
generation

3.4UML DIAGRAM
3.4.1 USE CASE DIAGRAM
Use Case Diagram 1
Actor: Administrator
Object: 1. Maintain Login Id and Password
2. Maintain Database
3. Maintain College Details
System

MAINTAIN LOGIN ID AND PASSWORD

MAINTAIN DATABASE

MAINTAIN COLLEGE DETAILS


ADMINISTRATOR

CHECK VALIDATION

VIEW TIMETABLE DETAILS

Use Case Diagram 2


Actor: Head of Department
Object: 1. Insert all details related to college, subject, labs and teachers.
2. Generate the time table.
3. Print Time Table according to branch.

System

INSERT COLLEGE DETAILS

INSERT TEACHERS DETAILS

INSERT SUBJECT DETAILS

INSERT LABS, ROOMS DETAILS

HOD

GENERATE TIMETABLE

PRINT TIMETABLE ACCORDING TO BRANCH

LOGIN ID AND PASSWORD

3.4.2 CLASS DIAGRAM

COLLEGE
+NAME

1..*
DEPARTMENT
+NAME
1
1

HAS

HAS

1..*
TEACHER
+ID
+NAME
+QUALIFICATION
+TYPE
+LECTURE
+ADD()
+DELETE()
+ASSIGN()

HAS

COURSE
*
TEACH
1..*
1..*

1..*

ROOM

+CCODE
+NAME
+LECT_PER_WEEK

+ROOM_ID
+LOCATION
+CAPACITY

+ADD()
+DELETE()
+ASSIGN()

+ADD()
+DELETE()
+ASSIGN()

1..*

1..*
ASSIGN

ASSIGN

ASSIGN

1
TIMETABLE
1
READER

PROFESSOR

LECTURER

GRADUATE

POST GRADUATE

OTHERS

+SID
+INSTRUCTOR
+ROOM
+MID
+CREATE()
+MODIFY()
+DELETE()
+SEARCH()

3.4.3 ACTIVITY DIAGRAM

LOGIN

VALIDATE(USER,PASSWORD)
DISPLAY LOGIN ERROR MESSAGE
VALIDATE

[FAILURE]

[SUCCESS]

DISPLAY ADMINISTRATOR MENU


(ADMINISTRATOR)

(LECTURER/STUDENTS)

DISPLAY LECTURER/STUDENT MENU

ACTIVITY DIAGRAM FOR LOGIN

Figure above shows the activity diagram for Log-in. First, the lecturers, students
and administrator need to log in using the username and password that was created
during registration. The system will validate the username and password. If the
password or username is invalid, an error message will be displayed and the
lecturer or student oradministrator can try to log in again. If log in is successful, the
system will identify theuser as a lecturer, student or an administrator.

SELECT MENU ADD CLASS

DISPLAY ERROR MESSAGE


READ INPUT

(FAILURE)
(ADD CLASS)

READ INPUT

ADD SUBJECT

(SUCCESS)

DISPLAY SUCCESS MESSAGE

DISPLAY ERROR MESSAGE


(FAILURE)
(SUCCESS)

REGISTER SUBJECT

ACTIVITY DIAGRAM FOR ADD SUBJECT OR CLASS

Above figure shows the activity diagram for add subject and class. Both screens
are the same. If the administrator wants to add the subject or the class, he or she
has to fill in the form the subject or the class information. Then click on the next
button. Validation of the form will be carried out before the data is stored in the
database. Upon successful adding the subject or class, a successful application
page will be display. If validation failed, an error message window will pop up.

INQUIRY CLASS AVAILABLE

READ INPUT
DISPLAY SUCCESS RESULT

(AVAILABLE)

BOOKING CLASS

READ INPUT
(SUCCESS)

(NOT AVAILABLE)

(NOT SUCCESS)
DISPLAY NOT AVAILABLE CLASS MESSAGE

ACTIVITY DIAGRAM FOR INQUIRY CLASS AVAILABLE


AND CLASS BOOKING
Figure above shows the activity diagram for the Inquiry class available for
lecturers. To inquire whether a class is available, the lecturers have to select the
class based on the list in the system. Once the submit button has been clicked, the
system will check the query. If inquiry is successful, the message successful page
will be displayed. If fails, a message error will also displayed. Then if the class is
available, lecturer can go to booking class menu to book the class. The message
successful booking of the class is displayed and if the booking failed the
message will also be displayed.

3.4.4 SEQUENCE DIAGRAM

USER/ADMIN

LOGIN

DATABASE

1 : USER NAME/PASSWORD()
2 : CHECK VALIDATION()

3 : VERIFY USER()
4 : MDI SCREEN()

5 : UNSUCCESSFUL VALIDATION()

6 : UNSUCCESSFUL VALIDATION()

SEQUENCE DIAGRAM FOR VALIDATION

Figure above shows a sequence diagram for the user validation. In order to log in,
the lecturer/student/administrator need to key in their username and password.
Then the browser will sendthe information to the web server and validate the
information with the database.Successful validation will be sent to the web server,
and the server will display the Main Menu page according to the user type. As for
unsuccessful validation, the server will send an error login page to the monitor.

ADMINISTRATOR

FRONTEND

DATABASE

1 : REQUEST ADD FUNCTION()

2 : DISPLAY ADD FUNCTION()


3 : INFORMATION FILLED()

4 : SENDS FIELD()

5 : DATA VALIDATION SUCCESSFULLY()

6 : MESSAGE DATA IS SAVED()

7 : UNSUCCESSFUL()
8 : ERROR MESSAGE()

SEQUENCE DIAGRAM (ADD TEACHER)

Figure above shows a sequence diagram for Adding teacher. The browser
will send a request to the web server and it will return the teacher information
page. The teacher will have to fill information form. If validation is successful, the
query will be passed to the database and after the data is stored successfully, the
message will be displayed. If the form validation failed, a window with the error
message will pop out.

ADMINISTRATOR

FRONTEND

DATABASE

1 : SELECT COURSE()

2 : SELECT WORKLOAD()
3 : ENTER TEACHER,ROOM AND COURSE()

4 : SENDS FIELD()

5 : DATA VALIDATION SUCCESSFULLY()

6 : MESSAGE SUCCESSFULLY ADDED()

7 : UNSUCCESSFUL()
8 : ERROR MESSAGE()

SEQUENCE DIAGRAM (ADD TIMETABLE)

Figure above shows a sequence diagram for adding Timetable. The browser will
send a request to the web server and it will return the information page which
include information to be filled related to teacher,subject, class,labs. After filling
these fields it is been send for validation. If validation is successful, the
information will be passed to the database and after the data is stored successfully,
the message will be displayed. If the page validation failed, a window with theerror
message will pop out.

3.4.5 DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS

The DFD is also known as the bubble chart. It is a simple graphical


formalism that can be used to represent a system in terms of the input data to the
system, various processing carried out in these data and the output data generated
by the system. Starting with a set of high-level functions that a system
performance of DFD model in hierarchically it represents various sub functions.
In a normal convention, logical DFD can be completed using only four notations:
Represents source or destination of data
Represents Data Flow
Represents a process that transforms incoming data into outgoing data
Represents Data Source

LEVEL 0
Level 0

Administrator

College Time
Table
Management

Database

LEVEL 1

Level 1

Administrator
Database

Admin
Administrator
Login Id
and
Password

Login
Validation

College Time
Table System

Faculty
Detail
Subjects
Detail

Faculty database

Subject Database

LEVEL 2

Level 2

New faculty

Faculty or
HOD

Faculty database

Login
id

User validation

Passwor
d

User area either


HOD or faculty

Time table
management
system

CHAPTER 4

4.1 CONCLUSION

Automatic Timetable Generator is a web based system for generating timetable


automatically. It is a great difficult task that to manage many Faculty's and
allocating subjects for them at a time manually. So proposed system will help to
overcome this disadvantage.It basic function is to generate the time table according
to the data filled. The user which has login id and password can login or otherwise
he can register himself. After login, he will fill all the details related to the college,
labs, teacher, seminar, and project and submit the related form. The user will
distribute the subject among the teacher. Then he can also view the teacher and
subject load also. After filling the entire data, time table will generates. The user
can also print the time table from the website only. Our system is very user
friendly and it is secure enough.

4.2 SUGGESTION FOR FUTURE WORK

The Automatic Timetable Generator is driven portal for educational


organization and is a web based application which will be helpful for creating
Timetabels . This project will be a great helpful for the institiutions because, It is a
great difficult task that to manage many Faculty's and allocating subjects for them
at a time manually and this project will help to manage it properly. This manage
timetable for faculty with considering maximum and minimum workload , and can
be managed easily .