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EST MCQs

MCQs in Fiber Optics Communications Part V


Froyd Wess 2:58 PM

This is the Multiples Choice Questions Part 5 of the Series in Fiber Optics Communications as one of
the Communications Engineering topic. In Preparation for the ECE Board Exam make sure to expose
yourself and familiarize in each and every questions compiled here taken from various sources
including but not limited to past Board Examination Questions in Electronic System and Technologies,
Communications Books, Journals and other Communications References.

Online Questions and Answers Topic Outline

MCQs in Principles of Light Transmission

MCQs in Types of Light Sources, Laser, LED

MCQs in Light Detectors

MCQs in Modulation and Waveform

MCQs in System Design

MCQs in General application

MCQs in System Bandwidth

MCQs in Splicing Techniques

MCQs in Fiber Optics Communications Series


Following is the list of multiple choice questions in this brand new series:

Optical Fiber Communications MCQs

PART 1: MCQs from Number 1 50 Answer key: PART I


PART 2: MCQs from Number 51 100 Answer key: PART II
PART 3: MCQs from Number 101 150 Answer key: PART III
PART 4: MCQs from Number 151 200 Answer key: PART IV
PART 5: MCQs from Number 201 250 Answer key: PART V
PART 6: MCQs from Number 251 300 Answer key: PART VI
SEE: More Questions and Answers in Fiber Optics Communications

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V of the
Series

201. In refraction that occurs in air/glass interfaces, among the visible light, which is the bent the
least?

A. violet

B. blue

C. red

D. orange

202. Ratio of the velocity of propagation of a light ray in free space to the velocity of propagation of a
light ray in free space in a given material.

A. refractive index

B. standing wave ratio

C. velocity factor

D. propagation velocity

203. It is the angle at which the propagating ray strikes the interface with respect to the normal.

A. refracted angle

B. incident angle

C. reected angle

D. critical angle

204. It is the angle formed between the propagating ray and the normal after the ray has entered the
second medium.

A. angle of incidence

B. angle of reection

C. propagation angle

D. angle of refraction

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205. Between silicon and gallium arsenide, which has the greatest index of refraction?

A. Gallium arsenide

B. Neither of silicon nor gallium arsenide

C. Silicon

D. They are equal

206. A ber-optic cable has a loss of 15 dB/km. The attenuation in a cable 1000 ft. long is

A. 4.57 dB

B. 9.3 dB

C. 24 dB

D. 49.2 dB

207. Medium 1 is a glass (n1 = 1.5) and medium 2 is an ethyl alcohol (n2 = 1.36). For an angle of
incidence of 30 degrees, determine the angle of refraction.

A. 44.5 degrees

B. 14.56 degrees

C. 33.47 degrees

D. 75 degrees

208. The minimum angle of incidence at which the light ray may strike the interface of two media and
result in an angle of refraction of 90 degrees or greater.

A. optimum angle

B. angle of refraction

C. refracted angle

D. critical angle

209. The higher the index number

A. the higher the speed of light

B. the lower the speed of light

C. has no effect on the speed of light

D. the shorter the wavelength propagation

210. The maximum angle in which external light rays may strike the air/glass interface and still
propagate down the ber.

A. Acceptance cone half-angle

B. Acceptance cone

C. Critical angle

D. Angle of incidence

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211. It is the gure of merit used to measure the magnitude of the acceptance angle.

A. acceptance angle

B. numerical aperture

C. index prole

D. refractive index

212. The effect of a large magnitude of the numerical aperture

A. The amount of external light the ber will accept is greater.

B. The amount of external light the ber will accept is less.

C. The amount of modal dispersion will be less.

D. The amount of chromatic dispersion will be greater.

213. Only one path for light rays to take down the ber

A. Multimode

B. Step-index

C. Single mode

D. Graded index

214. More than one path for light rays to take down the ber

A. Multimode

B. Step-index

C. Single mode

D. Graded index

215. The three major groups of the optical system are

A. the components, the data rate and the response time

B. the source, the link and the receiver

C. the transmitter, the cable and the receiver

D. the source, the link and the detector

216. Infrared light has a wavelength that is

A. less than 400 nm

B. more than 700 nm

C. less than 700 nm

D. a little over 400 nm

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217. How many modes possible with a multimode step-index with a core diameter of 50 um, a core
refractive index of 1.6, a cladding refractive index of 1.584, and a wavelength of 1300 nm.

A. 456

B. 213

C. 145

D. 372

218. It is a graphical representation of the magnitude of the refractive index across the ber.

A. mode

B. index prole

C. numerical aperture

D. refractive index

219. A type of index prole of an optical ber that has a central core and outside cladding with a
uniform refractive index

A. multimode

B. graded index

C. step-index

D. single mode

220. A type of index of an optical ber that has no cladding and whose central core has a non-uniform
refractive index.

A. graded index

B. multimode

C. single mode

D. step-index

221. Results in reduction in the power of light wave as it travels down the cable.

A. power loss

B. absorption loss

C. resistive loss

D. heat loss

222. Which of the following is not a factor in cable light loss?

A. reection

B. absorption

C. scattering

D. dispersion

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223. It is analogous to power dissipation to copper cables, impurities in the ber absorb the light and
covert it to heat.

A. power loss

B. absorption loss

C. resistive loss

D. heat loss

224. It is caused by valence electrons in the silica material from which the ber are manufactured.

A. ion resonance absorption

B. infrared absorption

C. ultraviolet absorption

D. visible light absorption

225. It is a result of photons of light that are absorbed by the atoms of the glass core molecule.

A. ion resonance absorption

B. infrared absorption

C. ultraviolet absorption

D. visible light absorption

226. It is caused by hydroxide ions in the material

A. visible light absorption

B. infrared absorption

C. ultraviolet absorption

D. ion resonance absorption

227. Which type of ber-optic cable has the least modal dispersion?

A. single-mode step-index

B. multimode step-index

C. single-mode graded-index

D. multimode graded-index

228. For a single mode optical cable with 0.25 dB/km loss, determine the optical power 100 km from a
0.1-mW light source.

A. -45 dBm

B. -15 dBm

C. -35 dBm

D. 25 dBm

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229. Light rays that are emitted simultaneously from an LED and propagated down an optical ber do
not arrive at the far end of the ber at the same time results to

A. intramodal dispersion

B. pulse length dispersion

C. modal dispersion

D. wavelength dispersion

230. Chromatic dispersion can be eliminated by __________.

A. using a monochromatic light source

B. using a very small numerical aperture ber

C. using a graded-index ber

D. using a very sensitive photo detector

231. Type of bend that occurs as a result of differences in thermal contraction rates between the core
and the cladding material.

A. Macrobending

B. Microbending

C. Quad bending

D. Constant-radius bending

232. These bends are caused by excessive pressure and tension and generally occur while ber are
bent during handling or installation.

A. microbending

B. macrobending

C. constant-radius bending

D. kinks

233. As light is coupled in a multiport deective device, the power is reduced by

A. 1.5 dB

B. 0.1 dB

C. 0.5 dB

D. 0.001 dB

234. It is caused by the difference in the propagation time of light rays that take different paths down
the ber.

A. modal dispersion

B. microbending

C. Rayleigh scattering

D. chromatic dispersion

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235. How can modal dispersion reduced entirely?

A. Use a graded index ber

B. Use a single-mode ber

C. Use a monochromatic light source

D. Use a very sensitive light detector

236. It indicates what signal frequencies can be propagated through a given distance of ber cable.

A. Bandwidth Distance Product

B. Pulse width dispersion

C. Rise time

D. Cutoff frequency

237. For a 300-m optical ber cable with a bandwidth distance product of 600 MHz-km, determine the
bandwidth.

A. 5 GHz

B. 1 GHz

C. 2 GHz

D. 3 GHz

238. For an optical ber 10 km long with a pulse spreading constant of 5 ns/km, determine the
maximum digital transmission rates using Return to Zero (RZ) and Nonreturn to Zero (NRZ).

A. 5 Mbps and 10 Mbps

B. 10 Mbps and 5 Mbps

C. 10 Mbps and 20 Mbps

D. 20 Mbps and 10 Mbps

239. What is the spectral width of a standard LED?

A. 20 to 40 nm

B. 30 to 50 nm

C. 10 to 30 nm

D. 40 to 60 nm

240. What is the spectral width of an ILD?

A. 0.1 nm to 1 nm

B. 2 nm to 5 nm

C. 1 nm to 3 nm

D. 3 nm to 4 nm

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241. When connector losses, splice losses and coupler losses are added, what is the limiting factor?

A. source power

B. ber attenuation

C. connector and splice loss

D. detector sensitivity

242. A pn-junction diode emits light by spontaneous emission

A. LED

B. APD

C. PIN

D. Zener diode

243. Which type of ber optic cable is best for very high speed data?

A. single-mode step-index

B. multimode step-index

C. single-mode graded-index

D. multimode graded-index

244. A measure of conversion efciency of a photodetector.

A. Efciency

B. Responsivity

C. Dark current

D. Spectral response

245. The leakage current that ows through a photodiode with no light input

A. dark voltage

B. dark impedance

C. dark power

D. dark current

246. The time it takes a light induced carrier travel across the depletion region of the semiconductor.

A. dispersion

B. response time

C. irradiance

D. transit time

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247. The range of wavelength values that a given photodiode will respond.

A. spectral response

B. permeance

C. dark current

D. reluctance

248. The term responsivity as it applies to a light detector is best described as

A. the time required for the signal to go from 10 to 90 percent of maximum amplitude

B. the ratio of the diode output current to the input optical power

C. the ratio of the input power to output power

D. the ratio of output current to input current

249. The minimum optical power a light detector can receive and still produce a usable electrical
output signal.

A. light responsivity

B. light sensitivity

C. light collectivity

D. illumination

250. Type of lasers that uses a mixture of helium and neon enclosed in glass tube.

A. gas lasers

B. solid lasers

C. semiconductor lasers

D. liquid lasers

Complete List of MCQs in Communications Engineering per topic


Series of Multiple Choice Questions in Electronics Systems and Technologies

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