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(1)

Thesteadystateerrorofafeedbackcontrolsystemwithanaccelerationinputbecomesfiniteina
type0system.
type1system.
type2system.
type3system.

(1)
Forthesystem2/(s+1),theapproximatetimetakenforastepresponsetoreach98%ofthefinalvalueis
1s
2s
4s
8s

(10)
AunityfeedbacksystemwithopenlooptransferfunctionG(s)=4/[s(s+p)]is
criticallydamped.Thevalueoftheparameterpis
4
3
2
1

(10)
x(t)isarealvaluedfunctionofarealvariablewithperiodT.Its
trigonometricFourierSeriesexpansioncontainsnotermsoffrequency
=2(2k)/Tk=1,2,...Also,nosinetermsarepresent.Thenx(t)satisfies
theequation
x(t)=x(tT)
x(t)=x(Tt)=x(t)
x(t)=x(Tt)=x(tT/2)
x(t)=x(tT)=x(tT/2)

(11)
Acontinuoustimesystemisdescribedbyy(t)=exp(x(t)),wherey(t)isthe
outputandx(t)istheinput.y(t)isbounded
onlywhenx(t)isbounded
onlywhenx(t)isnonnegative
onlyfort#0ifx(t)isboundedfort=0
evenwhenx(t)isnotbounded

(11)
AClosedloopsystemisbasicallydifferentfromopenloopcontrolsystemdueto:
Feedback
Servomechanism
Actuatingsignal
ErrorSignal

(12)
TheFourierseriesforthefunctionf(x)=sin^2(x)is
sinx+sin2x
1cos2x
sin2x+cos2x
0.50.5cos2x

(12)

Introductionofthefeedbackreducestheeffectsof:
a)Noisesignal
Errorsignals
Errorandnoisesignals
Noisesignalsanddisturbances

(13)
TheROCofsequencex[n]=(0.8)nu[n]+(0.4)nu[n]
|z|>0.8
|z|>0.4
0.4<|z|<0.8
|z|<0.8

(13)
Acontrolsysteminwhichcontrolactiondependsontheoutputiscalledthe__controlsystem
Openloop
Closedloop
Stable
Unstable

(14)
Transferfunctionofalinearsystemis200exp(j10).Thesystemisa
distortionlessAttenuator
amplifierwithPhasedistortion
distortionlessAmplifier
attenuatorwithPhasedistortion

(14)
Inacontrolsystemtheuseofnegativefeedback:
Eliminatesthechancesofinstability
Increasesthereliability
Reducestheeffectsofdisturbanceandnoisesignalsintheforwardpath
Increasestheinfluenceofvariationsofcomponentparametersonthesystemperformance

(15)
whichis/arethediscretetimeperiodicsignal(s)(N>1)?
sin(3*n)
cos(2*pi*n)
sin(3*pi*n)
ALL

(15)
Acontrolleressentiallyisa:
Comparator
Sensor
Amplfier
Clipper

(16)
TheoutputsoftwosystemsS1andS2forthesameinputx(n)=exp(j*pi*n)are1and(1)^nrespectively.Whichoneof
thefollowingstatementsiscorrect?
BothS1andS2arelineartimeinvariant(LTI)systems
S1isLTIbutS2isnotLTI
S1isnotLTIbutS2isLTI
NeitherS1norS2isLTI

(16)
Inacontrolsystem,thecontrolleroutputisgivento:
Sensor
Comparator
Amplifier
FinalControlelement

(17)
Whichoneofthefollowingiscorrect?Asystemcanbecompletelydescribedbyatransferfunctionifitis
nonlinearandcontinuous
linearandtimevarying
nonlinearandtimeinvariant
linearandtimeinvariant

(17)
Thedeviationoftheprimaryfeedbacksignalfromthereferenceinputiscalledthe:
Actuatingsignal
Errorsignal
Command
Manipulatedvariable

(18)
Theresponseofalinear,timeinvariantsystemtoaunitstepis
s(t)=(1exp(t/RC))u(t),whereu(t)istheunitstep.Whatistheimpulseresponseofthissystem?
exp(t/RC)
exp(t/RC)u(t)
1/RC(exp(t/RC)u(t))
del(t)

(18)
Thetransientresponseofasystemismainlydueto:
Friction
Inertiaforces
Storedenergy
Internalforces

(19)
Whichoneofthefollowingisthecorrectrelation?
F(at)<>aF(w/a)
F(at)<>aF(aw)
F(t/a)<>aF(w/a)
F(at)<>(1/a)F(w/a)

(19)
Regenerativefeedback:
Impliesfeedbackwithpositivesign
Issometimesusedtoincreasetheloopgainofthefeedbacksystem
Hasthetransferfunctionwithanegativesigninthedenominator
Alltheabove

(2)
TheimpulseresponseofaLTIsystemisaunitstepfunction,thenthecorrespondingtransferfunctionis
1/s

1/s2
1
s

(2)
Thesecondharmoniccomponentofthesquarewavehasanamplitudeof
0
1
2/pi
0.5

(20)
Theimpulseresponseofadiscretetimesystemisgivenby
h(n)=1/2del[n]+1/2del[n2]).Themagnitudeoftheresponsecanbeexpressedas
|cos(w)|
cos^2(w)
|sin(w)|
sin(w)

(20)
Inahybridfeedbackcontrolsystemscarriersignalsare:
aconly
dconly
bothacanddc
noneoftheabove

(21)
Seewhetherthefollowingsystemislinear,timeinvariantorcausal?
Y[n]=X[n]*X[n5]
Linear
TimeInvariant
NonCausal
Allofthese

(21)
Whatshouldbethenatureofbandwidthforagoodcontrolsystem?
Large
Small
Medium
Alloftheabove

(22)
Ifasignalf(t)hasenergyE,theenergyoff(2t)is
E
E/2
2E
4E

(22)
Whatistheeffectofphaseleadcompensatorongaincrossoverfrequencyandonthebandwith?
Bothareincreased
gaincrossoverfrequencyincreasesandonthebandwithdecreases?
gaincrossoverfrequencydecreasesandonthebandwithincreases?
Boharedecreased

(23)
WhichofthefollowingcanbetheFourierseriesexpansionofaperiodicsignal?
x(t)=2cos(t)+3cos(3t)
x(t)=2cos(pi*t)+7cos(t)
x(t)=cos(t)+0.5
x(t)=2cos(1.5*pi*t)+sin(3.5*pi*t)

(23)
Withnegativefeedback,thesystemstabilityandsystemgainrespectively
Increasesandincreases
Increasesanddecreases
Decreasesandincreases
Decreasesanddecreases

(24)
Thepowerinthesignals(t)=8cos(20*pi*t0.5*pi)+4sin(15*pi*t)is
40
41
42
82

(24)
Considerthefollowingstatementsregardingadvantagesofcloseloopnegativefeedbackcontrolsystemoveropen
loopsystems:
1)Theoverallreliabilityoftheclosedloopsystemismorethanthatofopenloopsystem.
2)Thetransientresponseinaclosedloopsystemdecaysmorequicklythaninopenloopsystem.
3)Inanopenloopsystem,closingoftheloopincreasestheoverallgainofthesystem.
4)Intheclosedloopsystem,theeffectofvariationofcomponentparametrsonitsperformanceisreduced.
Whichofthesestatementsarecorrect?
1and2
1and3
2and4
3and4

(25)
Whatistheperiodofasignalx(t)=3sin(4*pi*t)+7cos(3*pi*t)?
2sec
4sec
12sec
notperiodic

(25)
Systemissaidtobemarginallystable,if
Gaincrossoverfrequency
>Phasecrossoverfrequency
Gaincrossoverfrequency
=Phasecrossoverfrequency
Gaincrossoverfrequency
<Phasecrossoverfrequency
Gaincrossoverfrequency
Phasecrossoverfrequency

(26)
Whichoneoffollowingisastaticsystem?
y(t)=dx(t)/dt
y(t)=dx(2t)/dt
y(t)=x(t1)
yt(t)=exp(x(t))

(26)
Theinitialresponsewhentneoutputisnotequaltoinputiscalled
Transientresponse
Errorresponse
Dynamicresponse
Eitheroftheabove

(27)
A1kHzsinusoidalsignalisideallysampledat1500samples/secandthesampledsignalispassedthroughanideal
lowpassfilterwithcutofffrequency800Hz.Theoutputsignalhasthefrequency.
0Hz
0.75KHz
0.5KHz
0.25KHz

(27)
Whichofthefollowingstatementsisnotnecessarilycorrectforopencontrolsystem?
Inputcommandisthesolefactorresponsibleforprovidingthecontrolaction
Presenceofnonlinearitiescausesmalfunctioning
Lessexpensive
Generallyfreefromproblemsofnonlinearities

(28)
IfautocorrelationsequenceisRc(n)={1,2,3,4,6,8},2<n<3,thenwhatwillbeenergyofsequence?
2
24
3
288

(28)
Whichofthefollowingshouldbedonetomakeanunstablesystemstable?
Thegainofthesystemshouldbedecreased
Thegainofthesystemshouldbeincreased
Thenumberofpolestothelooptransferfunctionshouldbeincreased
Thenumberofzerostothelooptransferfunctionshouldbeincreased

(29)
Avoltagewavecontaining10%thirdharmonicisappliedtoaseriesRLcircuit.Thepercentageofthethirdharmonic
contentinthecurrentwavewillbe
morethan10%
10%orlessthan10%
lessthan10%
10%

(29)
Asaresultofintroductionofnegativefeedbackwhichofthefollowingwillnotdecrease?
Bandwidth
Overallgain
Distortion
Instability

(3)
Foratypeonesystem,thesteadystateerrorduetostepinputisequalto

infinite
zero
0.25
0.5

(3)
Letx(t)beaperiodicsignalwithtimeperiodT,Lety(t)=x(tt0)x(t+t0)forsomet0.TheFourierSeries
coefficientsofy(t)aredenotedbyak,whereck=bk/2jak/2.Ifak=0forallevenk,thent0canbeequalto
T/8
T/4
T/2
2T

(30)
Whichamongthefollowingisacriticallystablediscretetimesystems?
y(n)=x(n)
y(n)=x(n)+1.5y(n1)
y(n)=x(n)+y(n2)
y(n)=x(n)1.5y(n1)

(30)
Whatisthevalueofsteadystateerrorinclosedloopcontrolsystems?
Zero
Unity
Infinity
Unpredictable

(31)
Whichofthefollowingaremostaffectedduetofinitewordlengtheffects?
AntisymmetricFIRfilter
SymmetricFIRfilter
IIRfilters
ALL

(31)
IntheformationofRouthHurwitzArrayforapolynomial,alltheelementsofarowhavezerovalues.Thispremature
terminationofarrayindicatesthepresenceof
Onlyonerootattheorigin
ImaginaryRoots
Onlypositiverealroots
onlynegativerealroots

(32)
LatticeformImplementationisnotpossibleforwhichofthefollowingfilters?
ButterworthIIRfilter
LinearphaseFIRfilters
AllIIRfilters
AllFIRfilters

(32)
Fortheunityfeedbacksystem,G=k/s(1+0.4s)(1+0.25s).FindmarginalvalueofKandfrequencyofsustained
oscillations
5,3.16rad/sec
3.16,5rad/sec
6.5,3.16rad/sec
3.16,6.5rad/sec

(33)
Whichofthefollowingstructuresisselfpipelined
DirectFormTranspose
DirectFormII
LinearPhaserealization
DirectFormI

(33)
ConsidertheopenlooptransferfunctionG(s)H(s)=k(s+6)/(s+4).Thevalueofbreakawayandbreakinpoints
respectivelyare
doesnotexist
2.53,9.46
9.46,2.53
1,5.5

(34)
Thediscretetimesignalx(n)=(1)^nisperiodicwithfundamentalperiod
6
4
2
0

(34)
InaBodemagnitudeplot,whichoneofthefollowingslopeswouldbeexhibitedathighfrequenciesbya4thorderall
polesystem
80db/decade
40db/decade
+40db/decade
+80db/decade

(35)
Twosequencesx1(n)andx2(n)arerelatedbyx2(n)=x1(n).Inthezdomain,theirROCsare
thesame
reciprocalofeachother
negativeofeachother
complementsofeachother

(35)
TheopenlooptransferfunctionofaunitynegativefeedbackcontrolsystemisgivenbyG(s)=150/s(s+9)(s+25).
Thegainmarginofthesystemis
10.8db
22.3db
34.1db
45.6db

(36)
TheautocorrelationfunctionofarectangularpulseofdurationTis
arectangularpulseofdurationT
arectangularpulseofduration2T
atriangularpulseofdurationT
atriangularpulseofduration2T

(36)

Thenaturalfrequencyofanundampedsecondordersystemis40rad/sec.Ifthesystemisdampedwithadamping
ratioof0.3,thedampednaturalfrequencyis
38.15rad/sec
34.5rad/sec
25rad/sec
11rad/sec

(37)
ThePSDofarectangularpulseexistingbetweent=T2/tot=T/2isa
sincsquaredfunction
sincfunction
sinesquaredfunction
sinefunction

(37)
TheforwardpathtransferfunctionofaunitynegativefeedbacksystemisgivenbyG(s)=K/(s+2)(s1).Thevalue
ofKwhichwillplaceboththepolesoftheclosedloopsystematthesamelocationis
1
2.25
4.95
0.2

(38)
Theregionofconvergenceoftheztransformofthesignal2^nu(n)3^nu(n1)
is|z|>1
is|z|<2
is2<|z|<3
Noneoftheabove

(38)
IftheAmatrixofthestatespacemodelofSISOlineartimeinvariantsystemisrankdeficient,thetransferfunctionof
thesystemmustbe
Apolewithpositiverealpart
apolewithnegativerealpart
apolewithpositiveimaginarypart
apoleattheorigin

(39)
Thesystemhavinginputx(n)relatedtooutputy(n)asy(n)=log(|x(n)|)is
nonlinear,causal,stable.
linear,noncausal,stable
nonlinear,causal,notstable
linear,noncausal,notstable

(39)
AunityfeedbacksystemhasG(s)=40(s+2)/(s+1)(s+4).Determinethetypeofthesystem
0
1
2
3

(4)
IftheNyquistplotofthelooptransferfunctionG(s)H(s)ofaclosedloopsystem
enclosesthe(1,jo)pointintheG(s)H(s)plane,thegainmarginofthesystemis
Zero
greaterthanzero

lessthanzero
infinity

(4)
Ifx[n]=((1/3)^n(1/2)^n)u[n],thentheregionofconvergence(ROC)ofits
ztransforminthezplanewillbe
1/3<|z|<3
1/3<|z|<1/2
1/2<|z|<3
1/2<|z|

(40)
WhatistheNyquistFrequencyforthesignal
x(t)=3cos50t+10sin300tcos100t?
50
100
200
300

(40)
Whentheinitialconditionsofasystemarespecifiedtobezeroitimpliesthatthe
systemis
atrestwithoutanyenergystoredinit
workingnormallywithreferenceinput
workingnormallywithzeroreferenceinput
atrestbutstoresenergy

(41)
ThestepresponseofaLTIsystemwhentheimpulseresponseh(n)isunitstep
u(n)is
n+1
n
n1
n^2

(41)
Ifastepfunctionisappliedtotheinputofasystemandtheoutputremainsbelowa
certainlevelforallthetime,thesystemis
notnecessarilystable
stable
unstable
alwaysunstable

(42)
Theperiodofthesignalx(t)=10sin12t+4cos18tis
pi/4
1/6
1/9
1/3

(42)
Phasemarginofasystemisusedtospecifywhichofthefollowing?
Frequencyresponse
Absolutestability
Relativestability
Timeresponse

(43)
IftheFourierseriescoefficientsofasignalareperiodicthenthesignalmustbe
continuoustime,periodic
discretetime,periodic
continuoustime,nonperiodic
discretetime,nonperodic

(43)
Additionofzerosintransferfunctioncauseswhichofthefollowing?
Leadcompensation
Lagcompensation
Leadlagcompensation
Noneoftheabove

(44)
Forastablesystem
|z|<1
|z|=1
|z|>1
|z|notequalto1

(44)
Inordertoincreasethedampingofabadlyunderdampedsystemwhichoffollowing
compensatorsmaybeused?
Phaselead
Phaselag
Both(a)and(b)
Either(a)and(b)

(45)
Thespectraldensityofwhitenoiseis
Exponential
Uniform
Poisson
Gaussian

(45)
Inopenloopsystem
thecontrolactiondependsonthesizeofthesystem
thecontrolactiondependsonsystemvariables
thecontrolactiondependsontheinputsignal
thecontrolactionisindependentoftheoutput

(46)
Whatisthenatureofthefollowingfunction:y[n]=y[n1]+x[n]?
Integrator
Differentiator
Subtractor
Accumulator

(46)
Acarisrunningataconstantspeedof50km/h,whichofthefollowingisthefeedback
elementforthedriver?
Clutch

Eyes
Needleofthespeedometer
Steeringwheel

(47)
Thesystemy(n)=ax(n)+ax(n1)+ax(n2),wherea>0isa
HPF
LPF
Integrator
Differentiator

(47)
Aphaselagleadnetworkintroducesintheoutput
lagatallfrequencies
lagathighfrequenciesandleadatlowfrequencies
lagatlowfrequenciesandleadathighfrequencies
noneoftheabove

(48)
TheFouriertransformoftheexponentialsignalexp(j0t)is
aconstant
arectangularpulse
animpluse
animpulsetrain

(48)
Ifthegainofthecriticaldampedsystemisincreaseditwillbehaveas
criticallydamped
overdamped
underdamped
oscillatory

(49)
IfR1istheregionofconvergenceofx(n)andR2istheregionofconvergenceof
y(n),thentheregionofconvergenceofx(n)convolutedy(n)is
R1+R2
R1R2
R1intersectionR2
R1UnionR2

(49)
Whichofthefollowingshouldbedonetomakeanunstablesystemstable?
Thegainofthesystemshouldbedecreased
Thegainofthesystemshouldbeincreased
Thenumberofpolestothelooptransferfunctionshouldbeincreased
Thenumberofzerostothelooptransferfunctionshouldbeincreased

(5)
TheLVDTisprimarilyusedforthemeasurementof
displacement
velocity
acceleration
humidity

(5)

Lety[n]denotetheconvolutionofh[n]andg[n],whereh[n]=(1/2)^nu[n]
andg[n]isacausalsequence.Ify[0]=1andy[1]=1/2,theng[1]equals
1/2
0
1
2

(50)
IfG(f)representstheFourierTransformofasignalg(t)whichisrealandodd
symmetricintime,thenG(f)is
complex
imaginary
real
realandnonnegative

(50)
Theinitialresponsewhentheoutputisnotequaltoinputiscalled
Transientresponse
Errorresponse
Dynamicresponse
Eitheroftheabove

(6)
Asystemwithgainmarginclosetounityoraphasemarginclosetozerois
highlystable
oscillatory
relativelystable
unstable

(6)
TheFouriertransformofasignalh(t)isH(j)=(2cos)(sin2)/.The
valueofh(0)is
1/4
1/2
1
4

(7)
Theinputtoacontrolleris
sensedsignal.
desiredvariablevalue.
errorsignal.
servosignal.

(7)
Theresponseh(t)ofalineartimeinvariantsystemtoanimpulse(t),under
initiallyrelaxedconditionish(t)=et+e2t.Theresponseofthissystem
foraunitstepinputu(t)is
u(t)+et+e2t
(et+e2t)u(t)
(1.5et0.5e2t)u(t)
et(t)+e2tu(t)

(8)
Electricaltimeconstantofanarmaturecontrolleddcservomotoris
equaltomechanicaltimeconstant.

smallerthanmechanicaltimeconstant.
largerthanmechanicaltimeconstant.
notrelatedtomechanicaltimeconstant.

(8)
AcascadeofthreeLinearTimeInvariantsystemsiscausalandunstable.
Fromthis,weconcludethat
eachsysteminthecascadeisindividuallycausalandunstable
atleastonsystemisunstableandatleastonesystemiscausal
atleastonesystemiscausalandallsystemsareunstable
themajorityareunstableandthemajorityarecausal

(9)
Peakovershootofstepinputresponseofanunderdampedsecondordersystemisexplicitlyindicativeof
settlingtime.
risetime.
naturalfrequency.
dampingratio.

(9)
AsignalisprocessedbyacausalfilterwithtransferfunctionG(s)
Foradistortionfreeoutputsignalwaveform,G(s)must
providezerophaseshiftforallfrequency
provideconstantphaseshiftforallfrequency
providelinearphaseshiftthatisproportionaltofrequency
provideaphaseshiftthatisinverselyproportionaltofrequency

CommunicationEngineering(1)
ThesecondmomentofaPoissondistributedrandomvariableis2.Themeanoftherandomvariableis
0.8
0.9
10
12

CommunicationEngineering(10)
0
1
2
3

CommunicationEngineering(100)
Asourceproduces4symbolswithprobability1/2,1/4,1/8and1/8.Forthis
source,apracticalcodingschemehasanaveragecodewordlengthof2bits/symbols.Theefficiencythecodeis
1
7/8
1/2
1/4

CommunicationEngineering(101)
Therelationbetweenentropyandmutualinformationis
I(XY)=H(X)H(X/Y)
I(XY)=H(X/Y)H(Y/X)
I(XY)=H(X)H(Y)
I(XY)=H(Y)H(X)

CommunicationEngineering(102)

Entropyis
Informationinasignal
Amplitudeofsignal
Averageinformationpermessage
Frequencyofasinal

CommunicationEngineering(103)
Thememorylesssourcerefersto
Nopreviousinformation
Nomessagestorage
Emittedmessageisdependentofpreviousmessage
Emittedmessageisindependentofpreviousmessage

CommunicationEngineering(104)
Thecapacityofachannelis
No.ofdigitsusedincoding
Volumeofinformationitcantake
Maximumrateofinformationtransmission
Bandwidthrequiredforinformation

CommunicationEngineering(105)
TheHartleyShannontheoremsetsalimitonthe
highestfrequencythatmaybesentoveragivenchannel
maximumcapacityofachannelwithagivennoiselevel
maximumnumberofcodinglevelsinachannelwithagivennoiselevel
maximumnumberofquantizinglevelsinachannelofagivenbandwidth

CommunicationEngineering(106)
Themaximumvalueofentropyis
1
2
3
4

CommunicationEngineering(107)
ValueofMutualinformationis
Positive
Negative
PositiveorNegative
Zero

CommunicationEngineering(108)
Whichcodingmethodusesentropycoding?
Losslesscoding
Lossycoding
Both
None

CommunicationEngineering(109)
Whichareuniquelydecodablecodes?
Fixedlengthcodes
Variablelengthcodes
Both
None

CommunicationEngineering(11)
Asecondorderlineartimeinvariantsystemisdescribedbythefollowingstateequations
d/dtx1(t)+2x1(t)=3u(t)
d/dtx2(t)+2x2(t)=u(t)
Wherex1(t)andx2(t)arethetwostatevariablesandu(t)denotestheinput.Iftheoutputc(t)=x1(t),thenthesystem
is
controllablebutnotobservable
observablebutnotcontrollable
bothcontrollableandobservable
neithercontrollablenorobservable

CommunicationEngineering(110)
Theentropyofamemorylessbinarysourcewithauniformprobabilitydistributionis,inbits
0
0.5
1
2

CommunicationEngineering(111)
choosethecorrectstatementInAM
sidebandpowerisalwaysconstant
TotalTransmittedpowerisconstant
carrierpowerisconstant
bandwidthinfinite

CommunicationEngineering(112)
ForanAMwaverepresentedby10[1+0.6cos(2X1000t)]cos(2X10^6t)thesidebandfrequenciesare
998KHzand1002KhHz
999KHzand1001KHz
0.998MHzand1.002MHz
Noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(113)
Acarrierof100Wismodulatedtothedepthof50%.Thetotaltransmittedpoweris
112.5W
125W
150W
100W

CommunicationEngineering(114)
Fora200Wcarrier,ifthemodulationindexisvariedbetween0and1thenthechangeinsidebandpoweris
150W
200W
50W
100W

CommunicationEngineering(115)
TheequationoftheFMsignalis10sin[2X10^6t+5sin(2X10^3t)].Themodulatingfrequencyis
10^6
5Hz
10^3Hz
320KHz

CommunicationEngineering(116)
Ifthedeviationis75KHzandmaximummodulatigfrequencyis5KHz,WhatisthebandwidthofanFMwave?

80KHz
160KHz
40KHz
320KHz

CommunicationEngineering(117)
FMcanbegeneratedusingPMby
Passingthemodulatingsignalthroughlowpassfilter
PassingthemodulatingsignalthroughHighpassfilter
UsingthePreemphasis
usingdeemphasis

CommunicationEngineering(118)
NoiseimmunityofPMis
BetterthanAMandFM
WorsethanAMandFM
BetterthanAMbutworsethanFM
None

CommunicationEngineering(119)
InFM,Ifthedeviationis10KHzandmodulatingfrequencyis1KHzandifthepeakmodulatingvoltageis2Vthenthe
modulationindexis
20
10
5
1/2

CommunicationEngineering(12)
AvoicegradeAWGN(additivewhiteGaussiannoise)telephonechannelhasabandwidthof4.0kHzandtwosided
noisepowerspectraldensity/2=2.5x105WattperHz.Ifinformationattherateof52kbpsistobetransmitted
overthischannelwitharbitrarilysmallbiterrorrate,thentheminimumbitenergyEb(inmJ/bit)necessaryis
__________
30
29
15
60

CommunicationEngineering(120)
TheequationofmodulatedPMwaveisgivenby
5sin(2*pi*10^6t)
5sin1000t+5sin10^6t
5sin(2*pi*10^6t+10sin6280t)
5sin(2*pi*10^6t10sin6280t)

CommunicationEngineering(121)
TheNyquistfrequencyandintervalforthesignalx(t)=5cos(2*pi*500t)
1000Hz,1ms
1200Hz,1.2ms
2000Hz,0.5ms
4000Hz,8ms

CommunicationEngineering(122)
ThecircuitrequiredtogeneratetheflattoppedPAMsignalis
Asimpleintegratorcircuit
asampleandholdcircuit
adifferentiatorcircuit
Noneofthese

CommunicationEngineering(123)
TheflattopPAMsignalisobtainedby
multiplyingtheideallysampledsignalandrectangularsignal
convolutionoftheideallysampledsignalandrectangularsignal
samplingthenaturallysampledsignal
noneofthese

CommunicationEngineering(124)
supposethatmodulatingsignalism(t)=2cos(2*pi*fm*t)andthecarrierisXc(t)=Ac*cos(2*pi*fc*t),Whichoneofthe
followingisaconventionalAMwithoutovermodulation?
x(t)=Acm(t)cos(2*pi*fc*t)
x(t)=Ac[1+m(t)]cos(2*pi*fc*t)
x(t)=Ac*cos(2*pi*fc*t)+Ac/4*m(t)(cos2*pi*fc*t)
x(t)=Accos(2*pi*fm*t)cos(2*pi*fc*t)+Acsin(2*pi*fm*t)sin(2*pi*fc*t)

CommunicationEngineering(125)
VSBmodulationispreferredinTVbecause
Itreducesthebandwithrequirementtohalf
itavoidsphasedistortionatlowfrequencies
itresultsinbetterrecption
noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(126)
WhichofthefollowingistheindirectwayofFMgeneration?
ReactanceBJTmodulator
ArmstrongModulator
Varactordiodemodulator
RectanceFETmodulator

CommunicationEngineering(127)
TheIFis455kHz.Iftheradioreceiveristunedto855kHz,thelocaloscillatorfrequencyis.
TheIFis455kHz.Iftheradioreceiveristunedto855kHz,thelocaloscillatorfrequencyis.
455kHzTheIFis455kHz.Iftheradioreceiveristunedto855kHz,thelocaloscillatorfrequencyis.
TheIFis455KHz.Iftheradioreceiveristunedto855KHz,thelocaloscillatorfrequencyis
455KHZ
1310KHz
1500Hz
1520Hz

CommunicationEngineering(128)
Inasuperhetrodynereceiver,thedifferencefrequencyischosenastheIFratherthanthesumfrequencybecause
.
Thedifferencefrequencyisclosetooscillatorfrequency
Lowerfrequenciesareeasiertoamplify
Onlythedifferencefrequencycanbemodulated
noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(129)
At100%modulation,thepowerineachsidebandisofthatofcarrier
50%
40%
60%
25%

CommunicationEngineering(13)
WhichoneofthefollowingstatementsisNOTTRUEforacontinuoustimecausalandstableLTIsystem?
Allthepolesofthesystemmustlieontheleftsideofthejaxis.
Zerosofthesystemcanlieanywhereinthesplane.
Allthepolesmustliewithin|S|=1.
Alltherootsofthecharacteristicequationmustbelocatedontheleftsideofthejaxis.

CommunicationEngineering(130)
Anamplitudemodulatedsignaloccupiesafrequencyrangefrom395KHzto405KHz.Itcanbedemodulatedbywhich
ofthefollowing?
usinganenvelopedetectorandfilter
multiplyingwith395KHzlocalsignal
multiplyingwith405KHzlocalsignal
Lowpassfilteringwithcutoffat400KHz

CommunicationEngineering(131)
TheSpectralrangeofabandpasssignalextendsfrom10MHzto10.4MHz.Whatistheminimumsamplingfrequency
requiredforreconstructin?
20MHz
20.8MHz
20.4MHz
0.8MHz

CommunicationEngineering(132)
TheNyquistrateforthesignalx(t)=2*cos(2000*pi*t)cos(5000*pi*t)is
7KHz
5KHz
14KHz
10KHz

CommunicationEngineering(133)
AbalancedmodulatorisusedinthegenerationofWhichofthefollowing?
DSBSCsignal
FMsignal
PMsignal
PAMsignal

CommunicationEngineering(134)
Multiplexingispossibleifsignalsaresampled.TwosignalshavebandwidthA=0to4KHzandB=0to8KHz
respectively.Thesamplingfrequencyis12KHz.Whichoneofthefollowingiscorrect?
iscorrrectsince,AandBhaveaintegralrelationshipof2
willnotleadtoaliasing
doesnotobeysamplingtheoreem
canneverleadtomultiplexing

CommunicationEngineering(135)
Whatisthetypicalbandwidthofa2wiretelephoneline?
300Hzto3.4KHz
20Hzto4KHz
DCto4KHz
20Hzto20KHz

CommunicationEngineering(136)

Asignalcontainscompentsat400Hzand2400Hz.Thissignalmodulatesacarrieroffrequency100MHz.However
,Afterdemodulationitisfoundthatthe400Hzsignalcomponentispresent.Thechannelbandwidth(BW)is15KHz
.Whatisthereasonforthehigherfrequencysignalnotbedetectedproperly?
ModulationusedisFMandBWisinsufficient
ModulationusedinAMandBWisinsufficient
ModulationusedinFMbutpreemphasisbut
ModulationusedisAMbutdetectorisforFM

CommunicationEngineering(137)
WhichoneofthefollowingblocksisnotcommoninbothAMandFMreceivers?
RFamplifier
Mixer
IFamplifier
Slopedetector

CommunicationEngineering(138)
Acommunicationchannelhasabandwidthof100MHz.Thechannelisextremelynoisesuchthatthesignalpoweris
verymuchbelowthenoisepower.Whatisthechannelcapacityofthischannel?
1000Mb/s
Mixer
IFamplifier
Slopedetector

CommunicationEngineering(139)
A12channelTDMsystemWhereeachchannelsignalis4KHzissampledat8KHz.Whatisthebandwidt
requirement?
12KHz
12*4KHz
12*8KHz
12*8*4KHz

CommunicationEngineering(14)
LetUandVbetwoindependentzeromeanGaussianrandomvariablesofvariances1/4and1/9respectively.The
probabilityP(3V>=2U)is
4/9
1/2
2/3
5/9

CommunicationEngineering(140)
InalowlevelAMsystem,theamplifierwhichfollowsthemodulatedstagemustbethe
Lineardevice
Harmonicdevice
ClassCamplifer
Nonlineardevice

CommunicationEngineering(141)
A8KHzcommunicationchannelhasanSNRof30dB.Ifthechannelbandwidthisdoubled,Keepingthesignalpower
constant,SNRforthemodifiedchannelwillbe
27dB
30dB
33dB
60dB

CommunicationEngineering(142)
InanSSBtransmitteroneismostlikelytofind

classCaudioamplifier
tunedmodulaor
ClassBRFamplifier
ClassABpoweramplier

CommunicationEngineering(143)
Asignalm(t)=5cos(2pi100t)frequncymodulatesacarrier.TheresultingFMsignalis
10cos(2pi10^5t)+15sin(2pi100t).TheapproximatebandwidthoftheFMsignalwouldbe
0.1KHz
1KHz
3.2KHz
100KHz

CommunicationEngineering(144)
Whichoneofthefollowingstatementsiscorrect?
AGCinradioreceiverswillkeepthetotalsignaloutputfairlyconstant,butthenoisecomponentwillbe
reduced
AGCinradioreceiversisalinearwithrespecttobothsignalsandnoise
maycausedamagetothecomponents,isananavoidablefeatureofAGC
AGCoperationisindependentofthefiltercomponentsusedinAGCcircuit

CommunicationEngineering(145)
Whichoneofthefollowingisthecorrectstatement?Ifthevalueofaresistorcreatigthermalnoisedoubled,thenoise
generatedis
halved
doubled
unchanged
slightlychanged

CommunicationEngineering(146)
Aspracticalsignalsaretimelimited,theyhaveinfinitefrequencybandwidth.Samplingaliasing,anantialiasingfiltersis
used
beforethesignalisreconstructed
afterthesignalisreconstructed
beforethesignalissampled
afterthesignalissampled

CommunicationEngineering(147)
Duringpowermeasurementtheoutputpowermeasuredwas90dBm,WhatisthemeasuredpowerinW?
1mW
1pW
10W
1W

CommunicationEngineering(148)
Troposhericscattercommunicationisusedforwhichfrequencyband?
HF
VHF
UHF
VLF

CommunicationEngineering(149)
ThemodulationindexofanAMischangedfrom0to1.Howdoesthetransmittedpowerchange?
Getshalved
getdoubled
getsincreasedby50%
remainsunchanged

CommunicationEngineering(15)
44
47
48
33

CommunicationEngineering(150)
Inmicrowavecommunicationlinks=,Whatcausesintensefadinginthe18GHzband?
snow
Rain
Fog
Dust

CommunicationEngineering(19)
LetX1,X2,andX3beindependentandidenticallydistributedrandomvariableswiththeuniformdistributionon[0,1].
TheprobabilityP{X1+X2X3}is________.
9.5
8.5
9.5
8.5

CommunicationEngineering(2)
Acontinuoustimesinusoidoffrequency33HzismultipliedwithaperiodicDiracimpulsetrainoffrequency46Hz.
Theresultingsignalispassedthroughanidealanaloglowpassfilterwithacutofffrequencyof23Hz.The
fundamentalfrequency(inHz)oftheoutputis
11
12
15
16

CommunicationEngineering(20)
0.79
0.70
0.69
0.59

CommunicationEngineering(21)
Inacodedivisionmultipleaccess(CDMA)systemwithN=8chips,themaximumnumberofuserswhocanbe
assignedmutuallyorthogonalsignaturesequencesis________
7.99
6.99
7
9

CommunicationEngineering(22)
Considerbinarydatatransmissionatarateof56kbpsusingbasebandbinarypulseamplitudemodulation(PAM)that
isdesignedtohavearaisedcosinespectrum.ThetransmissionbandwidthinkHz)requiredforarollofffactorof0.25
is________
34.5
36
36.6
37.5

CommunicationEngineering(23)
4.9

5.5
6.6
7

CommunicationEngineering(24)
0.49
0.59
0.69
0.79

CommunicationEngineering(25)
ThetransmittedsignalinaGSMsystemisof200kHzbandwidthand8usersshareacommonbandwidthusing
TDMA.Ifatagiventime12usersaretalkinginacell,thetotalbandwidthofthesignalreceivedbythebasestationof
thecellwillbeatleast(inkHz)________.
500
400
300
450

CommunicationEngineering(26)
ThemodulationschemecommonlyusedfortransmissionfromGSMmobileterminalsis
4QAM
16PSK
WalshHadamardorthogonalcodes
GaussianMinimumShiftKeying(GMSK)

CommunicationEngineering(27)
0.45
0.8
0.85
1.7

CommunicationEngineering(28)
199
220
230
240

CommunicationEngineering(29)
Whatarethemainreasonsforusingcellularsystems?
Themainreasonsaretosupportmanyusers,lowpowerandlocalization
Themainreasonisprofitmaximizationforserviceproviders
Themainreasonsareuserlocalizationandfrequencyreuse
Noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(3)
IftherandomvariableXisuniformlydistributedin(1,1),findthepdfofY=|X|
1in0
1in0
0.5in0
0.5in0

CommunicationEngineering(30)
HiddenterminalsinAloha
Donotexist,astheschemepreventstheirexistence

Waitforanetworksignaltostarttransmission
Donotcareaboutotherterminalsandmaycausecollisions
Noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(31)
Consideringduplexchannels,whatarealternativesforimplementationinwirelessnetworks?
Wirelessnetworkscanusedifferentfrequencies,differenttimeslotsorevendifferentcodestoimplement
duplexchannels
Wirelessnetworkscanusedifferentfrequenciestoimplementduplexchannels
Wirelessnetworkscanusedifferenttimeslotstoimplementduplexchannels
Noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(32)
InTDMA,interferencehappensif
Senderstransmitdataatthesametime
Sendersdonottransmitdataatthesametime
Senderstransmitdataatthesamefrequency
ReceivesData

CommunicationEngineering(33)
InFDMA,interferencehappensif
Senderstransmitdatausingnonorthogonalcodes
Senderstransmitdataatthesamefrequency
Senderstransmitdataatthesametime
Sendersreceivesdataatalltime

CommunicationEngineering(34)
InCDMA,interferencehappensif
Senderstransmitdataatthesametime
Senderstransmitdatausingnonorthogonalcodes
Senderstransmitdataatthesamefrequency
Sendersreceivesdataatsamefrequency

CommunicationEngineering(35)
StandardGSMsystemssupportadatarateof
9.6kbps
64kbps
128kbps
120kbps

CommunicationEngineering(36)
UMTSsupportsabandwidthof
1Mbps
384kbps
9.650kbps
20kbps

CommunicationEngineering(37)
VLRandHLRinGSMsystemsare
Gatewaysforouterconnectivity
Databasesofregisteredusers
Routersandcallmanagementservers
Devicesandmanagement

CommunicationEngineering(38)

GPRSisanextensiontoGSMthatoperates
Circuitswitched
Packetswitched
Bothcircuitandpacketswitched
PSTN

CommunicationEngineering(39)
Trunkedradiosystemsareattractivetoauthoritiesanddisasterreliefteams
Becauseofspecialfeatureslikeveryfastconnectionsetup,groupcalls,paging,reliableandfastmessaging
andadhoccapabilities
BecausetheyarecheapimplementationsofGSM
Becauseofcheapequipment
BecauseofA3algorithm

CommunicationEngineering(4)
AfirstorderlowpassfilteroftimeconstantTisexcitedwithdifferentinputsignals(withzeroinitialconditionsuptot=
0).MatchtheexcitationsignalsX,Y,Zwiththecorrespondingtimeresponsesfort0:
X:ImpulseP:1e^(t/T)
Y:UnitstepQ:tT(1e^(t/T))
Z:RampR:e^(t/T)
XR,YQ,ZP
XQ,YP,ZR
XR,YP,ZQ
XP,YR,ZQ

CommunicationEngineering(40)
IMT2000/3Gsystemsoperateat
1GHz
2GHz
3GHz
4GHz

CommunicationEngineering(41)
ThebandwidthrequiredforthetransmissionofaPCMsignalincreasesbyafactorof____________whenthe
numberofquantizationlevelsisincreasedfrom4to64.
3
2
4
5

CommunicationEngineering(42)
Asignalissampledat8KHzandisquantizedusing8bituniformquantizer.Assuming(SNR)qforasinusoidal
signal,thecorrectstatement
forPCMsignalwithabitrateofRis
R=32kbps,(SNR)q=25.5dB
R=64kbps,(SNR)q=25.5dB
R=64kbps,(SNR)q=49.8dB
R=32kbps,(SNR)q=35.5dB

CommunicationEngineering(43)
InaPCMsystem,thesignalm(t)=sin(100*3.14*t)+cos(100*3.14*t)issampledattheNyquistrate.Thesamplesare
processedbyauniform
quantizerwithstepsize0.75V.TheminimumdatarateofthePCMsysteminbitsperseccondis
100bps
150bps
180bps
200bps

CommunicationEngineering(44)
Indeltamodulation(onebitversonofDPCM),theslopeoverloaddistortioncanbereducedby
decreasingthestepsize
decreasingthesamplingrate
increasingthegranularnoise
increasingthestepsize

CommunicationEngineering(45)
Quadraturecarriermultiplexingis
sameasFDM
sameasTDM
sameasFDMandTDM
differentasFDMandTDM

CommunicationEngineering(46)
ThebitrateofdigitalcommunicationsystemisRkbit/s.Themodulationusedis32QAM.Theminimumbandwidth
requiredforISIfreetransmissionis
R/5kHz
R/2kHz
R/10Hz
R/10kHz

CommunicationEngineering(47)
Forabitrateof8kbps,thebestpossiblevaluesofthetransmittedfrequenciesinacoherentbinaryFSKsystemare
16kHzand20kHz
16kHzand22kHz
22kHzand40kHz
32kHzand40kHz

CommunicationEngineering(48)
Theinputtoamatchedfilterisgivenby
Equation1.png

.Thepeakamplitudeofthe
filteroutputis
10V
5V
10mV
5mV

CommunicationEngineering(49)
InaBPSKsignaldetector,thelocaloscillatorhasafixedphaseerrorof20degrees.Thisphaseerrordeterioratesthe
SNRattheoutputbyafactorof
cos20
cos70
(cos20)^2
(cos70)^2

CommunicationEngineering(5)
Adigitalcommunicationsystemusesarepetitioncodeforchannelencoding/decoding.Duringtransmission,eachbit
isrepeatedthreetimes(0istransmittedas000,and1istransmittedas111).Itisassumedthatthesourceputsout
symbolsindependentlyandwithequalprobability.Thedecoderoperatesasfollows:Inablockofthreereceivedbits,if
thenumberofzerosexceedsthenumberofones,thedecoderdecidesinfavorofa0,andifthenumberofones
exceedsthenumberofzeros,thedecoderdecidesinfavorofa1.Assumingabinarysymmetricchannelwith
crossoverprobabilityp=0.1,theaverageprobabilityoferroris________

0.025
0.037
0.040
0.045

CommunicationEngineering(50)
ThemessagebitsequencetoaDPSKmodulatoris1,1,0,0,1,1.Thecarrierphaseduringthereceptionofthefirsttwo
messagebitsis,.
Thecarrierphasefortheremainingfourmessagebitsis
0,,,
0,0,,
,,0,0
,,0,

CommunicationEngineering(51)
Ananalogpulses(t)istransmittedoveranadditivewhiteGaussiannoise(AWGN)channel.Thereceivedsignalisr(t)
=s(t)+n(t),wheren(t)isadditivewhiteGaussiannoisewithpowerspectraldensityN0/2.Thereceivedsignalis
passedthroughafilterwithimpulseresponseh(t).LetEsandEhdenotetheenergiesofthepulses(t)andthefilter
h(t),respectively.Whenthesignaltonoiseratio(SNR)ismaximizedattheoutputofthefilter(SNR)max,whichofthe
followingholds?
Es=EhSNRmax=2Es/N0
Es=EhSNRmax=Es/N0
Es>EhSNRmax=2Es/N0
Es<EhSNRmax=2Es/N0

CommunicationEngineering(52)
Anidealbandpasschannel500Hz2000Hzisdeployedforcommunication.Amodemisdesignedtotransmitbits
attherateof4800bits/susing16QAM.Therollofffactorofapulsewitharaisedcosinespectrumthatutilizesthe
entirefrequencybandis________
0.24
0.23
0.25
0.26

CommunicationEngineering(53)
Adaptiveequalizationisusedtocombattheeffectof
ChannelnoiseandIntersymbolinterference
Jitter
Phasedistortion
Impropersynchronization

CommunicationEngineering(54)
WhyGMSKispreferredoverMSKinWirelessCommunication?
Constantenvelope
Widerbandwidth
Timespreadoffrequencyshapingpulse
Betteroutofbandspectralcharacteristics

CommunicationEngineering(55)
Anexampleofspectralspeechcoderis
AdaptiveSubbandcoding
DifferentialPCM
AdaptiveDifferentialPCM
Modelbasedcoding

CommunicationEngineering(56)
Linecodingschemeusedforbittimingrecoveryatthereceiveris

NRZpolar
BipolarRZsignaling
UnipolarRZsignaling
Manchestercoding

CommunicationEngineering(57)
Induobinarysignaling,'Duo'implies
Doublingtransmissioncapacity
BipolarRZsignaling
UnipolarRZsignaling
Manchestercoding

CommunicationEngineering(58)
100characteralphanumericmessageistransmittedintwoseconds,using7bitASCIIcodingfollowedbyaneighth
bitdetectionpercharacter.AmultilevelPAMwaveformwithM=32levelsisused.Calculatetheeffectivetransmitted
bitrateandsymbolrate.
40bps,80symbols/s
800bps,80symbols/s
400bps,80symbols/s
400bps,8symbols/s

CommunicationEngineering(59)
Antipodalsignalsdifferinphaseby
90degree
zerodegree
45degree
180degree

CommunicationEngineering(60)
IfBPSKmodulationisusedfortransmissionofdata,therequiredminimumbandwidthis9600Hz.Toreducethe
transmissionbandwidthto2400Hz,themodulationschemeadaptedshouldbe
8PSK
4PSK
2PSK
16PSK

CommunicationEngineering(61)
Typicalhumanvoiceiscenteredaround
14001800Hz
200400Hz
3003400Hz
400600Hz

CommunicationEngineering(62)
Animportantimpairmenttodigitalsignalsinacommunicationsystemistheirregularitiesintimingcausedby
imperfectionsinclockextractionandwaveformregeneration.Thiseffectisknownas
Aliasing
Fading
Attenuation
Jitter

CommunicationEngineering(63)
Differentialcodingproducesanoutputinwhichtheinformationiscontainedindifferencesbetweensuccessivebits
suchthattheoutputchangesstateiftheinputbitisa1otherwisetheoutputremainsthesame.Assumingtheinitial
conditionfortheoutputis0,thedifferentialcodingfortheinputsequence1000110is
0000100
1001100

0001000
1000100

CommunicationEngineering(64)
FindtheminimumrequiredbanwidthforthebasebandtransmissionofafourlevelPAMpulsesequencehavingadata
rateofR=2400bits/sifthesystemtransfercharacteristicconsistsofraisedcosinespecctrumwith100%excess
bandwidth
1200Hz
120Hz
4800Hz
9600Hz

CommunicationEngineering(65)
Considertwosinusoidsofdifferentfrequencyandphase.Iftheiranglesareequal,thencheckiftheyareorthogonal?
Yes,theyareorthogonal
Yes,theyareorthogonalbutnotunitenergy
No,theyarenotorthogonal
No,theyarenotorthogonalbutpossessunitenergy

CommunicationEngineering(66)
Determinethebaudandminimumbandwidthnecessarytopassa10kbpsbinarysignalusingamplitudeshiftkeying.
10ksymbols/s,10kHz
20ksymbols/s,10kHz
10ksymbols/s,20kHz
20ksymbols/s,20kHz

CommunicationEngineering(67)
ForaPSKmodulatorwithacarrierfrequencyof70MHzandaninputbitrateof10Mbps,determinetheminimum
NyquistbandwidthforBPSKandQPSKschemes.
5MHz,10MHz
50MHz,1MHz
50MHz,10MHz
5MHz,100MHz

CommunicationEngineering(68)
ConsiderMSKalsoknownasfastFSKwithfrequencyspacing2Fdbetwweenthestatefrequencies.Rbisthedata
rate.Whichofthefollowingiscorrect.
Fd=Rb/4
Fd=Rb/2
Fd=3Rb/4
Fd=Rb

CommunicationEngineering(69)
Whichoneofthefollowingstatementsiscorrect?Digitalmodulationtechniquesareusedinsatellitecommunication
sytemssince
Theyareeasiertohandle
Largerbandwidthutilizationispossible
Havehighspectralefficiency
Lesspronetointerference

CommunicationEngineering(7)
0.32
1
0.5
0.25

CommunicationEngineering(70)
Letthebinaryvaluesberepresentedas{a0,a1}andtheaprioriprobabilitiesp0andp1.TheMAPruleisreducedto
MLwhen
p0=p1
p0>p1
p0
a0=a1

CommunicationEngineering(71)
WhichofthefollowingstatementiscorrectforBPSKandQPSKsignaling?
BiterrorprobabilityofBPSKisequaltosymbolerrorprobabilityofQPSK
BiterrorprobabilityofBPSKistwicethesymbolerrorprobabilityofQPSK
BiterrorprobabilityofBPSKishalfthesymbolerrorprobabilityofQPSK
SymbolerrorprobabilityofBPSKandQPSKareequal

CommunicationEngineering(72)
ADPCMsystemusesalinearpredictorwithasingletap.Thenormailzedautocorrelationfunctionoftheinputsignal
foralagofonesamplingintervalis0.75.Thepredictorisdesignedtominimizethepredictionerrorvariance.
Determinetheprocessinggainattainedbytheuseofthispredictor.
2.2857
2.5
4.28
2.56
2.2857
2.5

CommunicationEngineering(73)
Assertion(A):WhencodingsignalslikespeechsignalsAlawormulawquantizersareused.
Reason(R):Alawandmulawquantizersoccupysmallerbandwidththanuniformquantizers.
BothAandRaretrueandRisthecorrectexplanationofA
BothAandRaretruebutRisnotthecorrectexplanationofA
AistruebutRisfalse
AisfalsebutRistrue

CommunicationEngineering(74)
ASKisrarelyusedinmodemsbecause
itshiftsonlybetween'ON'and'OFF'
itishighlysusceptibletonoise
ittakescareofamplitudeonly
noneoftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(75)
OnefactorintheaccuracyduringthereconstructionofPCMis
signalbandwidth
carrierfrequency
numberofbitsusedforquantization
baudrate

CommunicationEngineering(76)
Ratherthansendingtheabsolutevalueofeachsample,itispossibletoachieveasmallertransmissionbitrateby
sendingthedifferencebetweenconsecutivesamples.Thisisknownas
DeltaModulation
DifferentialPCM
PCM
Subbandcoding

CommunicationEngineering(77)
Whichofthefollowingschemeshavemultiplecarrierfrequencies
BASKandBFSK
BFSKandBPSK
BPSKandQPSK
BFSKandQPSK

CommunicationEngineering(78)
Inuniformquantizationprocess

AnswerExplanationRelatedQues
Stepsizeremainssame
Stepsizevariesaccordingtothevaluesoftheinputsignal
Thequantizerhaslinearcharacteristics
Bothaandcarecorrect

CommunicationEngineering(79)
OneofthedisadvantagesofPCMis
Itrequireslargebandwidth
HighNoise
Cannotbedecodedeasily
Alloftheabove

CommunicationEngineering(8)
99
98
97
96

CommunicationEngineering(80)
Indigitaltransmission,themodulationtechniquethatrequiresminimumbandwidthis
PCM
DPCM
PAM
DM

CommunicationEngineering(81)
Indiscretememorylesssource,thecurrentletterproducedbyasourceisstatisticallyindependentof
Pastoutput
Futureoutput
Botha&b
Noneofthese

CommunicationEngineering(82)
Huffmancodingtechniqueisadoptedforconstructingthesourcecodewith________redundancy.
Maximum
Constant
Minimum
unpredictable

CommunicationEngineering(83)
Whichbitmapfileformat/ssupport/stheRunLengthEncoding(RLE)?

TIFF
BMP
PCX
All

CommunicationEngineering(84)
Indigitalcommunicationsystem,smallerthecoderate,_________aretheredundantbits.
less
more
equal
unpredictable

CommunicationEngineering(85)
Inchannelcodingtheorem,channelcapacitydecidesthe_________permissiblerateatwhicherrorfreetransmission
ispossible.
Maximum
Minimum
Constant
None

CommunicationEngineering(86)
Ifthechannelisbandlimitedto6kHz&signaltonoiseratiois16,whatwouldbethecapacityofchannel?
15.15kbps
24.74kbps
30.12kbps
52.18kbps

CommunicationEngineering(87)
Whichamongthefollowingisusedtoconstructthebinarycodethatsatisfiestheprefixcondition?
InformationRate
NoiselessChannel
ChannelCodingTheorem
KraftInequality

CommunicationEngineering(88)
ThecapacityofGaussianchannelis
C=2B(1+S/N)bits/s
C=B^2(1+S/N)bits/s
C=B(1+S/N)bits/s
B(1+S/N)^2bits/s

CommunicationEngineering(89)
Thecapacityofabinarysymmetricchannel,givenH(P)isbinaryentropyfunctionis
1H(P)
H(P)1
1H(P)^2
H(P)^21

CommunicationEngineering(9)
1.01
1.01
1
0.99

CommunicationEngineering(90)

ForMequallylikelymessages,M>>1,iftherateofinformationRC,theprobabilityoferroris
Arbitrarilysmall
Closetounity
Notpredictable
Unknown

CommunicationEngineering(91)
Forabinarysymmetricchannel,therandombitsaregivenas
Logic1givenbyprobability1Pandlogic0byP
Logic1givenbyprobabilityP^2andlogic0by1P
Logic1givenbyprobabilityPandlogic0by(1P)^2
Logic1givenbyprobabilityPandlogic0by(1P)

CommunicationEngineering(92)
Thetechniquethatmaybeusedtoincreaseaverageinformationperbitis
ASK
FSK
ShannonFanoalgorithm
Digitalmodulationtechniques

CommunicationEngineering(93)
Afaircoinistossedrepeatedlyuntila'Head'appearsforthefirsttime.LetLbethenumberoftossestogetthisfirst
Head.TheentropyH(L)inbitsisapproximately_________
1
2
3
4

CommunicationEngineering(94)
ThecapacityofaBinarySymmetricChannel(BSC)withcrossoverprobability0.5is________
0
0.5
0.75
1

CommunicationEngineering(95)
LetUandVbetwoindependentandindependentandidenticallydistributedrandomvariablessuchthatP(U=+1)=
P(U=1)=1/2.TheentropyH(U+V)inbitsis
3/4
1
3/2
log3

CommunicationEngineering(96)
AsourcealphabetconsistsofNsymbolswiththeprobabilityofthefirsttwosymbolsbeingthesame.Asource
encoderincreasestheprobabilityofthefirstsymbolbyasmallamounte.Afterencoding,theentropyofthesource
increases
increasesonlyifN=2
remainsthesame
decreases

CommunicationEngineering(97)
AcommunicationchannelwithAWGNoperatingatasignalatasignaltonoiseratioSNR>>1andbandwidthBhas
capacityC1.IftheSNRisdoubledkeepingBconstant,theresultingcapacityC2isgivenby
C22C1
C2C1+B

C2C1+2B
C2C1+0.3B

CommunicationEngineering(98)
Asourcegeneratesthreesymbolswithprobability0.25,0.25,0.50atarateof3000symbolspersecond.Assuming
independentgenerationofsymbols,themostefficientsourceencoderwouldhaveaveragebitrateof
6000bps
4500bps
3000bps
1500bps

CommunicationEngineering(99)
Animageuses512512pictureelements.Eachofthepictureelementscantakeanyofthe8distinguishable
intensitylevels.Themaximumentropyintheaboveimagewillbe
2097152bits
786432bits
648bits
144bits

DigitalCircuits(1)
InanSRlatchbuiltfromNORgates,whichconditionisnotallowed
S=0,R=0
S=0,R=1
S=1,R=0
S=1,R=1

DigitalCircuits(10)
Theoctalnumberforbinary1101110101110110is________.
6545218
5565618
1566568
1565668

DigitalCircuits(100)
Witha200kHzclockfrequency,eightbitscanbeseriallyenteredintoashiftregisterin________.
4s
40s
400s
40ms

DigitalCircuits(101)
Theresolutionofa05V6bitdigitaltoanalogconverter(DAC)is:
63%
64%
1.56%
15.6%

DigitalCircuits(11)
Whycanasynchronouscounteroperateatahigherfrequencythanaripplecounter?
Theflipflopschangeoneaftertheother.
Theflipflopschangeatthesametime.
Asynchronouscountercannotoperateathigherfrequencies.
Aripplecounterisfaster.

DigitalCircuits(12)

Thelogicalinstructionthataffectthecarryflagduringitsexecutionis
XRLA
ANLA
ORLA
RLCA

DigitalCircuits(13)
Serialportvectoraddressisof_______andcausesaninterruptwhen________.
0013H,eitherTIorRIflagisset
0023H,eitherTIorRIflagisreset
0013H,eitherTIorRIflagisreset
0023H,eitherTIorRIflagisset

DigitalCircuits(14)
Thehigherandlowerbytesofa16bitregisterDPTRarerepresentedrespectivelyas
LDPTRandHDPTR
DPTRLandDPTRH
DPHandDPL
HDPandLDP

DigitalCircuits(15)
Whichofthefollowingisan8bitregister?
PSW(ProgramStatusWord)
TCON(TimerControlRegister)
Accumulator
allofthementioned

DigitalCircuits(16)
WhatisthemajoradvantageoftheR/2Rladderdigitaltoanalog(DAC),ascomparedtoabinaryweighteddigitalto
analogDACconverter?
Itonlyusestwodifferentresistorvalues.
Ithasfewerpartsforthesamenumberofinputs.
Itsoperationismucheasiertoanalyze.
Thevirtualgroundiseliminatedandthecircuitisthereforeeasiertounderstandandtroubleshoot.

DigitalCircuits(17)
Definearaceconditionforaflipflop.
Theinputstoatriggerdevicearechangingslightlybeforetheactivetriggeredge.
Theinputstoatriggerdevicearechangingslightlyaftertheactivetriggeredge.
C.
Theinputstoatriggerdevicearechangingatthesametimeastheactivetriggeredge.
Theinputstoatriggerdevicearechanginganytimeastheactivetriggeredge.

DigitalCircuits(18)
MOVA,#56H
MOVR1,#50H
MOV50H,#45H
XCHDA,@R1
WhatistheresultatA,R1?
56H,45H
45H,50H
50H,56H
45H,56H

DigitalCircuits(19)
WhattwofunctionsdoesaDRAMcontrollerperform?

addressmultiplexinganddataselection
addressmultiplexingandtherefreshoperation
dataselectionandtherefreshoperation
dataselectionandCPUaccessing

DigitalCircuits(2)
Whichofthefollowingisminimumerrorcode?
Octalcode
Greycode
Binarycode
Excess3code

DigitalCircuits(20)
Theimplementationofsimplifiedsumofproductsexpressionsmaybeeasilyimplementedintoactuallogiccircuits
usingalluniversal________gateswithlittleornoincreaseincircuitcomplexity.(Selecttheresponsefortheblank
spacethatwillBESTmakethestatementtrue.)
AND/OR
NAND
NOR
OR/AND

DigitalCircuits(21)
WhatisthemajordifferencebetweenSRAMandDRAM?
DRAMsmustbeperiodicallyrefreshed.
SRAMscanholddataviaastaticcharge,evenwithpoweroff.
TheonlydifferenceistheterminalfromwhichthedataisremovedfromtheFETDrainorSource.
DynamicRAMsarealwaysactivestaticRAMsmustresetbetweendataread/writecycles.

DigitalCircuits(22)
Thereceivebufferofserialdatabufferisa
serialinparalleloutregister
parallelinserialoutregister
serialinserialoutregister
parallelinparalleloutregister

DigitalCircuits(23)
Theregisterthatprovidescontrolandstatusinformationaboutcountersis
IP
TMOD
TSCON
PCON

DigitalCircuits(24)
Theregisterthatprovidescontrolandstatusinformationaboutserialportis
IP
IE
TSCON
PCONandSCON

DigitalCircuits(25)
Theregistersthatcontainsthestatusinformationis
controlregisters
instructionregisters
programstatusword
allofthementioned

DigitalCircuits(26)
WhatdoesECLstandfor?
ItstandsforelectroncoupledlogicallofthedevicesusedwithinthegatesareNtypetransistors
Itstandsforemittercoupledlogicalloftheinputsarecoupledintothedevicethroughtheemittersofthe
inputtransistors.
Itstandsforemittercoupledlogicalloftheemittersoftheinputtransistorsareconnectedtogetherandeach
transistorfunctionsasanemitterfollower.
Itstandsforenergycoupledlogictheinputenergyisamplifiedbytheinputtransistorsandallowsthedevice
todeliverhigheroutputcurrents.

DigitalCircuits(27)
Whichofthefollowingisbitaddressableregister?
SBUF
PCON
TMOD
SCON

DigitalCircuits(28)
WheneveratotempoleTTLoutputgoesfromLOWtoHIGH,ahighamplitudecurrentspikeisdrawnfromtheVcc
supply.Howisthiseffectcorrectedtoadigitalcircuit?
ByconnectingaradiofrequencycapacitorfromVcctoground.
Byusingaswitchingpowersupply
ByconnectingacapacitorfromVouttoground
ByconnectingalargeresistorfromVcctoVout

DigitalCircuits(29)
Whichofthefollowinginstructioniswrong
INCDPTR
MOV@DPTR,A
MOVA,@A+DPTR
DECDPTR

DigitalCircuits(3)
Autoreloadmodeisallowedinwhichmodeofthetimer?
Mode0
Mode1
Mode2
Mode3

DigitalCircuits(30)
Thecomplexprogrammablelogicdevice(CPLD)featuresa(n)________typeofmemory.
volatile
nonvolatile
EPROM
volitileEPROM

DigitalCircuits(31)
InmicrocontrollerandLCDinterfacewhichlinewillinstructtheLCDthatmicrocontrollerissendingdata?
DB0
RW
EN
RS

DigitalCircuits(32)
Theregisterthatcanbeusedasascratchpadis

Accumulator
Bregister
Dataregister
AccumulatorandBregister

DigitalCircuits(33)
WhatisonedisadvantageofanSRflipflop?
Ithasnoenableinput.
Ithasaninvalidstate.
Ithasnoclockinput.
Ithasonlyasingleoutput.

DigitalCircuits(34)
Abinaryweighteddigitaltoanalogconverterhasafeedbackresistor,Rfof12Kohms.If50microampofcurrentis
throughtheresistor,thevoltageoutofthecircuitis:
0.6V
0.6V
0.1V
0.1V

DigitalCircuits(35)
WhichofthefollowinginstructionperformasofindirectRAMtoaccumulator?
MOVA,Rn
MOV@Ri,A
MOVA,@Ri
MOVRn,A

DigitalCircuits(36)
Thetransmitbufferofserialdatabufferisa
serialinparalleloutregister
parallelinserialoutregister
serialinserialoutregister
parallelinparalleloutregister

DigitalCircuits(37)
Themnemonicusedtoperformasubtractionofsourcewithan8bitdataandjumpstospecifiedrelativeaddressif
subtractionisnonzerois
DJNZ
CJNE
JZ
JNC

DigitalCircuits(38)
Allconditionaljumpsare
absolutejumps
longjumps
shortjumps
none

DigitalCircuits(39)
Threecascadeddecadecounterswilldividetheinputfrequencyby________.
10
20
100
1,000

DigitalCircuits(4)
In8051anexternalinterrupt1vectoraddressisof________andcausesofinterruptif____.
000BH,ahightolowtransitiononpinINT1
001BH,alowtohightransitiononpinINT1
0013H,ahightolowtransitiononpinINT1
0023H,alowtohightransitiononpinINT1

DigitalCircuits(40)
Ina6bitJohnsoncountersequencethereareatotalofhowmanystates,orbitpatterns?
2
6
12
24

DigitalCircuits(41)
Theabsolutejumpinstructionisintendedmainlyforajumpwithinamemoryspaceof
2bytes
2Kbytes
2Mbytes
none

DigitalCircuits(42)
IfRS1=1,RS0=0,thentheregisterbankselectedis
registerbank0
registerbank1
registerbank2
registerbank3

DigitalCircuits(43)
Inidlemode,thedevicethatisdisabledis
serialport
timerblock
clocktoCPU
allofthementioned

DigitalCircuits(44)
Thenumberof8bitregistersthataregisterbankcontainis
2
4
6
8

DigitalCircuits(45)
A22MHzclocksignalisputintoaMOD16counter.WhatisthefrequencyoftheQoutputofeachstageofthe
counter?
Q1=22MHz,Q2=11MHz,Q3=5.5MHz,Q4=2.75MHz
Q1=11MHz,Q2=5.5MHz,Q3=2.75MHz,Q4=1.375MHz
Q1=11MHz,Q2=11MHz,Q3=11MHz,Q4=11MHz
Q1=22MHz,Q2=22MHz,Q3=22MHz,Q4=22MHz

DigitalCircuits(46)
IfRS1=1,RS0=1,thentheregisterbankselectedis
registerbank0
registerbank1
registerbank2

registerbank3

DigitalCircuits(47)
IfTimer0istobeusedasacounter,thenatwhatparticularpinclockpulseneedtobeapplied?
P3.3
P3.4
P3.5
P3.6

DigitalCircuits(48)
Amongthefourgroupsofregisterbanks,thenumberofgroupsthatcanbeaccessedatatimeis
1
2
3
allthefour

DigitalCircuits(49)
Alatchis________sensitive
bothlevelandedge
edge
level
None

DigitalCircuits(5)
AnANDgatewithschematic"bubbles"onitsinputsperformsthesamefunctionasa(n)________gate
NOT
OR
NOR
NAND

DigitalCircuits(50)
TheLJMPinstructionisveryusefulinprogrammingintheexternalcodememoryspaceof
32MB
64MB
32KB
64KB

DigitalCircuits(51)
Theonchiposcillatorisstoppedin
powermode
powerdownmode
idlemode
idealmode

DigitalCircuits(52)
Whichofthefollowingisnotanunconditionalcontroltransferinstruction?
JMP
RET
JNC
CALL

DigitalCircuits(53)
Theidlemodecanbeterminatedby

PRESET
CLEAR
interrupt
interruptorreset

DigitalCircuits(54)
Whentheportlinesofaportaretobeusedasinputlinesthenthevaluethatmustbewrittentotheportaddressis
F0H
0FH
FFH
00H

DigitalCircuits(55)
ThePCONregisterconsistsof
powermodebit
poweridlebit
poweridealbit
powerdownbitandidlebit

DigitalCircuits(56)
WhatistheaddressrangeofSFRRegisterbank?
00H77H
40H80H
80H7FH
80HFFH

DigitalCircuits(57)
Serialportinterruptisgenerated,if____bitsareset
IE
RI,IE
IP,TI
RI,TI

DigitalCircuits(58)
WhatistheResultofRRAinstructionifaccumulatorcontains10000000.
00000001
00000000
01000000
00000010

DigitalCircuits(59)
IftheEA(activelow)signalisgroundedthentheexecution
directlystartfrommainmemory
directlystartfrom16bitaddressinmainmemory
directlystartfrom16bitaddressinprogrammemory
directlystartfromRAM

DigitalCircuits(6)
Theonlywaytoterminatethepowerdownmodeisto
CLEAR
RESET
HOLD
HLT

DigitalCircuits(60)

Whichoftheprocessorsstackdoesnotcontainthetopdowndatastructure?
8086
80286
8051
80386

DigitalCircuits(61)
In8051whichinterrupthashighestpriority?
IE1
TF0
IE0
TF1

DigitalCircuits(63)
Afterreset,SPregisterisinitializedtoaddress________.
8H
9H
7H
6H

DigitalCircuits(64)
Thearchitectureof8051consistsof
4latches
2timerregisters
4onchipI/Oports
allofthementioned

DigitalCircuits(65)
HowmanybitsarerequiredtostoreoneBCDdigit?
1
2
3
4

DigitalCircuits(66)
ConverthexadecimalC0Btobinary.
110000001011
110000001001
110000001100
110100001011

DigitalCircuits(67)
Theoctalnumberforbinary1101110101110110is________.
654521
556561
156656
156566

DigitalCircuits(68)
Whichoftheexamplesbelowexpressesthedistributivelaw?
(A+B)+C=A+(B+C)
A(B+C)=AB+AC
A+(B+C)=AB+AC
A(BC)=(AB)+C

DigitalCircuits(69)
Howmany3lineto8linedecodersarerequiredfora5of32decoder?
1
2
4
8

DigitalCircuits(7)
Theregisterthatmaybeusedasanoperandregisteris
Accumulator
Bregister
Dataregister
AccumulatorandBregister

DigitalCircuits(70)
Theopendrainbidirectional(inputoroutput)portwithinternalpullupsis
Port0
Port1
Port2
Port3

DigitalCircuits(71)
Forwhichofthefollowingflipfloptheoutputclearlydefinedforallcombinationsoftwoinputs?
Qtypeflipflop
RStypeflipflop
JKflipflop
Tflipflop

DigitalCircuits(72)
Whichgateisbestusedasabasiccomparator?
NOR
OR
ExclusiveOR
AND

DigitalCircuits(73)
Whichpinofport3ishasanalternativefunctionaswritecontrolsignalforexternaldatamemory?
P3.8
P3.3
P3.6
P3.1

DigitalCircuits(74)
OneexampleoftheuseofanSRflipflopisasa(n):
racer
astableoscillator
binarystorageregister
transitionpulsegenerator

DigitalCircuits(75)
Theregisterthatisusedforaccessingexternaldatamemoryis
DPH
DPL
DPTR

NONE

DigitalCircuits(76)
Acounterwithamodulusof16actsasa________.
divideby8counter
divideby16counter
divideby32counter
divideby64counter

DigitalCircuits(77)
Thebitsequence0010isseriallyentered(rightmostbitfirst)intoa4bitparalleloutshiftregisterthatisinitiallyclear.
WhataretheQoutputsaftertwoclockpulses?
0000
0010
1000
1111

DigitalCircuits(78)
Determinetheoutputfrequencyforafrequencydivisioncircuitthatcontains12flipflopswithaninputclockfrequency
of20.48MHz.
10.24kHz
5kHz
30.24kHz
15kHz

DigitalCircuits(79)
Assumethata4bitserialin/serialoutshiftregisterisinitiallyclear.Wewishtostorethenibble1100.Whatwillbethe
4bitpatternafterthesecondclockpulse?(Rightmostbitfirst.)
1100
0011
0000
1111

DigitalCircuits(8)
TF1,TR1,TF0,TR0bitsareofwhichregister?
TMOD
SCON
TCON
SMOD

DigitalCircuits(80)
WhatisthesignificanceoftheJandKterminalsontheJKflipflop?
Thereisnoknownsignificanceintheirdesignations.
TheJrepresents"jump,"whichishowtheQoutputreactswhenevertheclockgoeshighandtheJinputis
alsoHIGH.
TheletterswerechoseninhonorofJackKilby,theinventoryoftheintegratedcircuit.
Alloftheotherlettersofthealphabetarealreadyinuse.

DigitalCircuits(81)
AnSRflipflopcannotacceptthefollowinginputentry
Bothinputzero
zeroatRandoneatS
zeroatSandoneatR
Bothinputsone

DigitalCircuits(82)
ApositiveedgetriggeredJKflipflopisusedtoproduceatwophaseclock.However,whenthecircuitisoperatedit
produceserraticresults.Closeexaminationwithascoperevealsthepresenceofglitches.Whatcausestheglitches,
andhowmighttheproblembecorrected?
ThePRESETandCLEARterminalsmayhavebeenleftfloatingtheyshouldbeproperlyterminatedifnot
beingused.
TheproblemiscausedbyaraceconditionbetweentheJandKinputsaninvertershouldbeinsertedinone
oftheterminalstocorrecttheproblem.
AraceconditionexistsbetweentheQandQoutputstotheANDgatetheANDgateshouldbereplacedwith
aNANDgate.
AraceconditionexistsbetweentheclockandtheoutputsoftheflipflopfeedingtheANDgatereplacethe
flipflopwithanegativeedgetriggeredJKFlipFlop.

DigitalCircuits(83)
HowmanyflipflopsarerequiredtomakeaMOD32binarycounter?
3
45
5
6

DigitalCircuits(84)
AMOD16ripplecounterisholdingthecount10012.Whatwillthecountbeafter31clockpulses?
10002
10102
10112
11012

DigitalCircuits(85)
AMOD12andaMOD10counterarecascaded.Determinetheoutputfrequencyiftheinputclockfrequencyis60
MHz.
500kHz
1,500kHz
6MHz
5MHz

DigitalCircuits(86)
ConvertingtheBooleanexpressionLM+M(NO+PQ)toSOPform,weget________.
LM+MNOPQ
L+MNO+MPQ
LM+M+NO+MPQ
LM+MNO+MPQ

DigitalCircuits(87)
HowmanyoutputsareonaBCDdecoder?
4
16
8
10

DigitalCircuits(88)
Tooperatecorrectly,startingaringshiftcounterrequires:
clearingalltheflipflops
presettingoneflipflopandclearingallothers
clearingoneflipflopandpresettingallothers
presettingalltheflipflops

DigitalCircuits(89)
SRFlipflopcanbeconvertedtoTtypeflipflopif?
SisconnectedtoQ
RisconnectedtoQ
BothSandRareshortend
SandRareconnectedtoQandQ'respectively

DigitalCircuits(9)
ShowthestatusoftheCY,ACandPflagaftertheadditionof38Hand2FHinthefollowinginstructions.
CY=0,AC=1andP=1
CY=1,AC=1andP=1
CY=1,AC=0andP=1
CY=0,AC=0andP=1

DigitalCircuits(90)
Edgetriggeredflipflopsmusthave:
veryfastresponsetimes.
atleasttwoinputstohandlerisingandfallingedges.
apulsetransitiondetector.
activeLOWinputsandcomplementedoutputs.

DigitalCircuits(91)
AJKflipflopisina"nochange"conditionwhen________.
J=1,K=1
J=1,K=0
J=0,K=1
J=0,K=0

DigitalCircuits(92)
Whichofthefollowinginstructionisusedtosetbitportdirectly?
SETP1.0
MOVP1.0,bit
SETBP1.0
JBP1.0,bit

DigitalCircuits(93)
Fora4bitparalleladder,ifthecarryinisconnectedtoalogicalHIGH,theresultis:
thesameasifthecarryinistiedLOWsincetheleastsignificantcarryinisignored.
thatcarryoutwillalwaysbeHIGH.
aonewillbeaddedtothefinalresult.
thecarryoutisignored.

DigitalCircuits(94)
Adecodercanbeusedasademultiplexerby________.
tyingallenablepinsLOW
tyingalldataselectlinesLOW
tyingalldataselectlinesHIGH
usingtheinputlinesfordataselectionandanenablelinefordatainput

DigitalCircuits(95)
MOV45,#4FH
MOVR0,45H
INCR0

MOV@R0,#30H
WhatisthelocationvalueofR0andthecontentatthatplace?
45H,4F
50H,30H
30H,50H
50H,45H

DigitalCircuits(96)
Whichofthefollowingisasemiconductormemory?
RAM
MAR
CDROM
CD

DigitalCircuits(97)
Convert59.7210toBCD.
111011
01011001.01110010
1110.11
0101100101110010

DigitalCircuits(98)
Onthefifthclockpulse,a4bitJohnsonsequenceisQ0=0,Q1=1,Q2=1,andQ3=1.Onthesixthclockpulse,
thesequenceis________.
Q0=1,Q1=0,Q2=0,Q3=0
Q0=1,Q1=1,Q2=1,Q3=0
Q0=0,Q1=0,Q2=1,Q3=1
Q0=0,Q1=0,Q2=0,Q3=1

DigitalCircuits(99)
Theregistersthatarenotaccessiblebytheuserare
AccumulatorandBregister
IPandIE
instructionregisters
TMP1andTMP2

ElectromagneticsQuestions(1)
Magneticfieldisproducedby
stationarycharge
movingcharge
bothstationaryandmovingcharge
noneoftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(10)
Magneticscalarpotentialisdefinedfor
Timevaryingmagneticfield
Timevaryingelectricfield
anymagneticfield
constantmagneticfield

ElectromagneticsQuestions(100)
Adipolecarriesr.m.s.currentofabout300Aacrosstheradiationresistance2.Whatwouldbethepowerradiated
byanantenna?
90kW
135kW
180kW

200kW

ElectromagneticsQuestions(101)
Arectangularhornantennaoperatingat4GHzhasthewavelengthof0.075mandgainofabout13dBi.Whatwillbe
itsrequiredcapturearea?
0.0149metersquare
0.0475metersquare
0.5521metersquare
.0.9732metersquare

ElectromagneticsQuestions(102)
Inanelectricallylargeloop,anoveralllengthoftheloopisequalto______
/2

/10
/50

ElectromagneticsQuestions(103)
Idealphysicalantennalengthis________thanitselectricallength.
greater
smaller
equal
none

ElectromagneticsQuestions(104)
2.Dishantenna(parabolic)ishaveing..................radiationpattern
Bidirectional
Unidirectional
Isotropic
Omnidirectional

ElectromagneticsQuestions(105)
Ifoneormoreelementsinanantennaarrayareeletromagneticallyconnected,itistermedan________array.
Parasitcarray
endfire
Broadside
Narrowarray

ElectromagneticsQuestions(106)
Pointsourceishavingradiation
Isotropic
omnidirectional
bidirectional
directional

ElectromagneticsQuestions(107)
Intheradiationpattern,thesidelobelevelis_______dB.
30db
20db
10db
3db

ElectromagneticsQuestions(108)
Helicalantennahaspolarization

Unidirectional
Circular
linear
Elliptical

ElectromagneticsQuestions(109)
Thelargestfrequencythatwillbereturnedtoearthwhentransmittedverticallyundergivenionosphereconditionsis
calledthe_________.
MUF
LUF
Criticalfrequecny
noneofthese

ElectromagneticsQuestions(11)
FaradayslawstatesthattheinducedEMFis
Proportionaltothechangeinmagneticuxlinkage.
Equaltothenegativerateofchangeofmagneticuxlinkage
Equaltothenegativechangeinmagneticuxlinkage
Equaltothechangeofmagneticux

ElectromagneticsQuestions(110)
Inskypropagationtheshortestdistancecoveredbythesinglefrequencyuntouchedtothegroundiscalled
as_____________.
lineofsight
skipdistance
2raydistance
noneofthese

ElectromagneticsQuestions(111)
Twoarrayisotropicantennashas_____________radiationpattern.
broadside
Endfire
linear
circular

ElectromagneticsQuestions(112)
Theradiationresistanceofthehalfwavedipoleantennais..............................
100ohm
120ohm
30ohm
73ohm

ElectromagneticsQuestions(113)
Theradiationpratternisusuallymeasuredin..........................region.
Farfield
NearField
FersenalZone
shadowregion

ElectromagneticsQuestions(114)
Foran8feet(2.4m)aparabolicdishantennaoperatingat4GHz,theminimumdistancerequiredforthefarfield
measuremntisclosestto
7.5cm
15cm
15m
150m

ElectromagneticsQuestions(115)
Thehaifpowerbeamwidthoftheorthogonalplanesis100degressand60degress.Whatisthedirectivityofthe
antenna?
2dB
8dB
5dB
12dB

ElectromagneticsQuestions(116)
Freespaceloss
doesnotconsistsoflosstoduetodiffraction,reflectionandnioseetc.,
doesconsistsoflosstoduetodiffraction,reflectionandnioseetc.,
noneofthese

ElectromagneticsQuestions(117)
Consideralosslessantennawithdirectivtygain6dB.If1mWpowerisfedtothetotalradiatedpowerbytheantenna
willbe
4mW
1mw
7mw
1/4mW

ElectromagneticsQuestions(118)
Atransmissionlineisfeeding1WofpowertotheHornantennahavingagain10dB.Thetotalpowerradiatedbythe
antennaintofreespaceis
10W
1W
0.1W
0.01W

ElectromagneticsQuestions(119)
At20GHz,thegainoftheparabolicdishantennaof1meterdiameterand70%efficiencyis
15dB
25dB
35dB
45dB

ElectromagneticsQuestions(12)
Twothinparallelwirecarryingcurrentsalongthesamedirection.Theforceexpe
riencedbyoneduetotheotheris
Paralleltothelines.
Perpendiculartothelinesandattractive.
Perpendiculartothelinesandrepulsive.
Zero

ElectromagneticsQuestions(120)
Spiralantennaisa
narraowbandantenna
broadbandantenna
dualbandantenna
noneoftheses

ElectromagneticsQuestions(121)
Microstripantennafundamentalmodeofoperationis

TM11
TM10
TE10
TEM

ElectromagneticsQuestions(122)
FortheparasitcYagiUdaarray,therefectoroftheantennaiskeptatdistance.
1/8lambda
1/16lambda
1/4lambda
1/5lambda

ElectromagneticsQuestions(123)
Inionospherepropagation,therefractiveindexofthelayeris.......................tothedesnsityofthelayer.
Directlyproportional
Indirectlyproportional
noneofthese

ElectromagneticsQuestions(124)
TheacceptableVSWRleveloftheantennaisupto......................
3
1
2
4

ElectromagneticsQuestions(125)
Frequencyrangeofsatellitecommunicationis............................
LBand
XBand
KBand
CBand

ElectromagneticsQuestions(126)
Ifthediameterofthehalfwavedipoleantennaisincreseadfromlambda/100tolamba/50thenits
Bandwithincreases
Bandwidthdecreases
Gainincreases
Gaindecreses

ElectromagneticsQuestions(127)
Amediumwavetransmiteroperatingatawavelengthof492mhasatowerlength124m.Whatistheradiaton
resistanceoftheantenna?
25ohms
36.5ohms
50ohms
73ohms

ElectromagneticsQuestions(128)
WhatistheIEEEoperatingrangeofGPS
1.5GHz
5GHz
2.4GHz
5GHz

ElectromagneticsQuestions(129)

Iftheantennaefficiencyis90%andthedirectivityoftheantennais7dB,theantennagainisshouldbe
6.3dB
7.77dB
7.45dB
6.54dB

ElectromagneticsQuestions(13)
Foranelectromagneticwave,thedirectionofvectorcrossproductofelectricandmagneticfieldgivesthedirectionof
electricfield.
magneticfield.
theemfindiucedbythewave.
wavepropagation

ElectromagneticsQuestions(130)
Anantennahavingdirectivityof2atafrequecnyof300MHzwillhaveamaximumeffectiveaperatureareaof
1/8(Pi)metersquare
1/(4xPi)metersquare
1/(2xPi)metesquare
1/pimetersquare

ElectromagneticsQuestions(131)
Areceivingantennaislocatedatalineofsightdistanceof80Kmfromthetramsmittingantenna.Theheightofthe
transmittingantennais100m.Whatistheheightoftherecevingantenna?
100m
200m
88m
130m

ElectromagneticsQuestions(132)
Internalantennaformobilehandsetis...........................
InverterFantenna
Hornantenna
Spiralantenna
Dishantenna

ElectromagneticsQuestions(133)
Underwhichconditionsoftwounitvectors,thepolarizationlossfactor(PLF)isequaltounity?
Perpendicular
Perfectlyaligned
Angleinclination(p)
Alloftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(134)
IfthemaximumelectrondensityforFlayerinionosphereis4x106electrons/cm3,thenwhatwillbethecritical
frequencyofEMwaveforFlayer?
4MHz
9MHz
18MHz
25MHz

ElectromagneticsQuestions(135)
Whatisthedirectionofvaryingorientationofpolarizedsurfacewaveattheearthsurfaceinawavetiltmechanism?
Horizontal
Vertical
Diagonal
Opposite

ElectromagneticsQuestions(136)
Linearpolarizationcanbeobtainedonlyifthewaveconsistsof________
Ex
Ey
BothEx&Ey&inphase
BothEx&Ey&outofphase

ElectromagneticsQuestions(137)
Whatisthenatureofcurrentdistributionoverthesmalldipoles?
Spherical
Rectangular
Triangular
Square

ElectromagneticsQuestions(138)
Inretardedpotentials,whatfactoroftimedelayisgenerallyintroducedinA&Vequations?
R+c
Rc
R/c
Rxc

ElectromagneticsQuestions(139)
Accordingtothegeometry,howmanysterdiansarepresentinafullsphere?
/2
.
2
4

ElectromagneticsQuestions(14)
Theforcebetweenthetwochargesis120N.Whenthedistancebetweenthetwochargesisdoubled,theforceis
60N
30N
40N
15N

ElectromagneticsQuestions(140)
Sterdianisameasurementunitof__________
Pointangle
Linearangle
Planeangle
Solidangle

ElectromagneticsQuestions(141)
Whichantennaradiatingregion/shas/haveindependentnatureofangularfielddistributionoverthedistancefromthe
antenna?
Reactivenearfieldregion
Fresnelregion
Fraunhoferregion
Alloftheabov

ElectromagneticsQuestions(142)
Whichamongthefollowingisregardedasaconditionofanordinaryendfirearray?

<d
>d
=d
d

ElectromagneticsQuestions(143)
Inbroadsidearray,alltheelementsinthearrayshouldhavesimilar_______excitationalongwithsimilaramplitude
excitationformaximumradiation.
Phase
Frequency
Current
.Voltage

ElectromagneticsQuestions(144)
Whatwouldbethedepthofpenetrationforcopperat2MHzfrequencywith=5.8x107?
46.72m
56.90m
66.08m
76.34m

ElectromagneticsQuestions(145)
Aradiolinkhasa15Wtrasmiiterconnectedtoanantennaof2.5metersquareeffectiveaperatureat5GHz.The
reveivingantennahasaneffectiveaperatureof0.5metersquareandislocatedata15kmdistance.Findthepower
deliveredtotherecevier.
35microWatt
23microWatt
15microWatt
100microWatt

ElectromagneticsQuestions(146)
Determinethephisicallenghtofthehornantenna,iftheEplaneaperatureis10anddeltais0.2
62.5
14
30
0

ElectromagneticsQuestions(147)
Calculatethedistancebeyondwhichthecurvatureoftheearthisaccountedatfrequency1MHzingroundwave
propagation
50miles
100miles
110miles
200miles

ElectromagneticsQuestions(148)
Findthefreespaceloss(basicpathloss)forcommunicationbetweentwopoints3000kmapartatafrequencyof3
GHz.
171.534dB
180dB
120dB
50dB

ElectromagneticsQuestions(149)
Theradiationresistanceofamomoppleantennais
72ohm
36.5ohm
377ohm

50ohm

ElectromagneticsQuestions(15)
Theelectricfieldlineandequipotentialsurfacesare
alwaysparallel.
inclinedatanyangle.
alwaysat45degree.
alwaysat90degree.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(150)
Calculatetheaveragepoweravailableat1kmdistance,ifanelementradiatesmaximuminthe=60andcarries
maximumcurrentof5amp
79.5W
80W
70W
75W

ElectromagneticsQuestions(16)
Asheetofmicaisinsertedbetweentheplatesofaparallelplatecapacitor,thenthecapacitancewill
decrease
becomezero
increase
remainsame

ElectromagneticsQuestions(17)
Whenaconductorisplacedinexternalelectricfield,thefieldinsidetheconductoris
lessthanexternalfield.
morethantheexternalfield.
zero
equaltotheexternalfield.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(18)
Whenadielectricmaterialiskeptinexternalelectricfield,thefieldinsidethedielectricis
lessthantheexternalfield
morethantheexternalfield
zero
equaltotheexternalfield.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(19)
Theunitofrelativepermittivity
Faradmeter
Farad/meter
Farad
itisdimensionless.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(2)
Theunitofmagneticfieldintensityis
Tesla
A/m
N/C
Weber

ElectromagneticsQuestions(20)
Thecommonlyusedmaterialforsheldingorscreeningthemagneticfieldis

copper
aluminium
softiron
brass

ElectromagneticsQuestions(21)
ApointisrepresentedinCartesiancoordinateasP(2,6,3),theradialcomponentincylindricalcoordinatewillbe
lessthanrinsphericalcoordinates
greaterthanrinsphericalcoordinates
equaltorinsphericalcoordinates
unrelatedtorinsphericalcoordinates

ElectromagneticsQuestions(22)
Bysayingthattheelectrostaticfieldisconservative,wedonotmeanthat
itisgradientofthescalarpotential
circulationisidenticallyzero
itscurlisidenticallyzero
thepotentialdifferencebetweenanytwopointiszero

ElectromagneticsQuestions(23)
Stokestheoremrelates
surfaceintegralandlineintegral
surfaceintegralandvolumeintegral
volumeintegralandcontourintegral
lineintegralandvolumeintegral

ElectromagneticsQuestions(24)
Underelectrostaticconditionswheredoestheexcesschargelies?
Theexcesschargeonaconductordoesn'treside.
Theexcesschargeonaconductorresidesonitsoutersurface
Theexcesschargeonaconductorresidesonitsinnersurface
Theexcesschargeonaconductorresidesinitsmiddlesurface

ElectromagneticsQuestions(25)
Theworkdoneinmovingaunitpositivechargefromonepointtoanotherinanelectricfieldisknownas
Electricdischarge
chargetransformation
Potentialdifference
Noneoftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(26)
Pointcharges30nC,20nCand10nCarelocatedat(1,0,2),(0,0,0)and(1,5,1),respectively.Thetotalfluxleavinga
cubeofside6mcenteredattheoriginis
20nC
10nC
20nC
30nC

ElectromagneticsQuestions(27)
Theelectricfluxdensityonasphericalsurfacer=bisthesameforapointchargeQlocatedattheoriginandforthe
chargeQuniformlydistributedonsurfacer=a(a
yes
No
Notnecessarily
Itwillbehigher

ElectromagneticsQuestions(28)
Supposeauniformelectricfieldexistsintheroominwhichyouareworking,suchthatthelinesofforcearehorizontal
andatrightanglestoonewall.Asyouwalktowardthewallfromwhichthelinesofforceemergeintotheroom,are
youwalkingtoward
Pointsofhigherpotential?
Pointsoflowerpotential?
Pointsofthesamepotential(equipotentialline)?
Pointsofdifferentpotential.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(29)
Whenapotentialdifferenceisappliedacrosshumanheart,itsbehaviourcanbemodeledasthatofelectricdipole.
Abnormalheartscanbedetectedbymapping
equipotentialsurfaces
electricfluxlines
electricfields
alloftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(3)
Magneticforceonaelectricchargeiszerowhen
onlywhenchargeisatrest
onlywhenchargeismovingparalleltofield
whenchargeisatrestorwhenismovingparalleltofield.
whenchargeismovingperpendiculartofield

ElectromagneticsQuestions(30)
Insideahollowconductingsphere
electricfieldiszero
electricfieldisanonzeroconstant.
electricfieldchangeswiththemagnitudeofthechargegiventotheconductor.
electricfieldchangeswithdistancefromthecentreofthesphere.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(31)
Themagneticfluxdensity(B)andavectormagneticpotential(A)arerelatedby
B=XA
A=XB
B=.A
A=.B

ElectromagneticsQuestions(32)
Ofthefollowing,theincorrectrelationis
D=E
B=H
J=E
B=D

ElectromagneticsQuestions(33)
TwopotentialjunctionsV1andV2satisfyLaplaceequationwithinaclosedregionandassumethesamevaluesonits
surface,V1mustbeequaltoV2
false
True
Notnecessary
None

ElectromagneticsQuestions(34)
Faraday'slawisvalidforbothopenandclosedloops.TheLenz'slawisvalidfor

Onlyopenloop
onlyclosedloop.
bothopenandclosedloop
noneoftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(35)
AnelectricchargeQisplacedinadielectricmedium.Whichoneofthefollowingquantitiesareindependentofthe
dielectricconstantofthemedium.
ElectricpotentialVandElectricfieldintensityE
DisplacementdensityDandDisplacement
ElectricfieldintensityEandDisplacementdensityD
ElectricpotentialVandDisplacement

ElectromagneticsQuestions(36)
ThePoyntingVectorhasthedimensionsof
Power/Unitarea
Volts
Power
Volt/Unitlength

ElectromagneticsQuestions(37)
Twothinparallelwiresarecarryingcurrentalongthesamedirection.Theforceexperiencedbyoneduetootheris
Paralleltothelines
Perpendiculartothelinesandattractive.
Perpendiculartothelineandrepulsive
Zero

ElectromagneticsQuestions(38)
Anelectricpotentialfieldisproducedinairbypointcharges1cand4clocatedat(2,1,5)and(1,3,1)respectively.
Theenergystoredinthefieldis
2.57mJ
5.14mJ
10.28mJ
12.5mJ

ElectromagneticsQuestions(39)
LaplacianofascalarfunctionVis
GradientofV
DivergenceofV
GradientofthegradientofV
DivergenceofthegradientofV

ElectromagneticsQuestions(4)
Theworkdonebythemagneticfieldis
alwayspositive
alwayszero
alwaysnegative
notdefined

ElectromagneticsQuestions(40)
Thecapacitanceoftheparallelplatecapacitorisgivenbyor(A/d)whereAistheareaofeachplateanddisthe
distancebetweentheplates.Consideringfringingfield,underwhichofthefollowingconditionsistheabove
expressionvalid?
A/distendingtowards0
A/distendingtowardsinfinity
A/dis1
A/dis1/or

ElectromagneticsQuestions(41)
Theforcebetweentwopointchargesof1nCeachwitha1mmseperationinairis
9mN
9N
9pN
9N

ElectromagneticsQuestions(42)
WhichoftheconceptsisusedtofindtheexpressionofrelatedEandHfieldduetoamagneticcurrentelement?
Conceptofvectormagneticpotential
Conceptofscalarelectricpotential
Conceptofscalarmagneticpotential
Conceptofvectorelectricpotential

ElectromagneticsQuestions(43)
Foranelectromagneticwaveincidentonaconductingmedium,thedepthofpenetration
Isdirectlyproportionaltotheattenuationconstant
Isinverselyproportionaltotheattenuationconstant
Haslogarithmicrelationshipwiththeattenuationconstant
Isindependentoftheattenuationconstant.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(44)
Aparallelplatecapacitorof5pfcapacitancehasachargeof0.1Conitsplates.Whatistheenergystoredinthe
Capacitor?
1mJ
1J
1nJ
1pJ

ElectromagneticsQuestions(45)
Whatdoestheexpression1/2J.Arepresent?
Electricfielddensity
Magneticenergydensity
Powerdensity
Radiationresistance

ElectromagneticsQuestions(46)
Whichofthefollowingstatementsiscorrect?
Bothlaplaceandpoissonsequationarenonlinearequations
Laplacesequationisnonlinearbutpoissonsequationislinear
Laplacesequationislinearbutpoissonsequationisnonlinear
Bothlaplacesandpoissonsequationarelinear

ElectromagneticsQuestions(47)
Achargeof1coulumbisplacednearagroundedconductingplateatadistanceof1m.whatistheforcebetween
them?
1/(40)
1/(8o)
1/(16o)
4o

ElectromagneticsQuestions(48)
Whatistheeffectofearth'smagneticfieldinthereflectedwaveatfrequenciesinthevicinityofgyrofrequency?

Noattenuationinthereflectedwave
Decreasedattenuationinthereflectedwave
Increasedattenuationinthereflectedwave
Nominalattenuationintherefletedwave

ElectromagneticsQuestions(49)
Twosmalldiameter5gdielectricballscanslidefreelyonaverticalnonconductingthread.Eachballcarriesanegative
chargeof2c.Ifthelowerballisrestrictedfrommoving,thentheseperationbetweenthetwoballswillbe
8570mm
857mm
85.7mm
8.57mm

ElectromagneticsQuestions(5)
Curlofastaticelectricfieldis
zero
positive
negative
canbepositiveornegative

ElectromagneticsQuestions(50)
WhatisthemagneticdipolemomentinAmforasquarecurrentloophavingverticesatthepointsA(10,0,0),
B(0,10,0),C(10,0,0)andD(0,10,0)andwithcurrent0.01AflowinginthesenseABCDA?
2az
2az
4az
4(ax+ay)

ElectromagneticsQuestions(51)
Whatistheinputimpedanceofashortedlosslesslineoflengthwavelength/4?
Z0
infinity
0
complex

ElectromagneticsQuestions(52)
DoesminimumormaximumVSWRindicatebestmatchingofantennatotransmissionline?
eitheraorb
minimum
eitheranorb
maximum

ElectromagneticsQuestions(53)
Themodeatwhichawaveguideoperatesisdeterminedbythe
shapeofthewaveguide
methodusedtocouplethesignalintothewaveguide
Lengthofthewaveguide
)impedanceofthewaveguide

ElectromagneticsQuestions(54)
WhendoesatransmissionlinehaveanSWRequalto1?
ZL=a
ZL=Z0
ZL=0
G=1

ElectromagneticsQuestions(55)
Foraparallelresonantcircuit,al/4stubmustbe_____attheends.
shorted
open
complex
loaded

ElectromagneticsQuestions(56)
Inatransmissionline,ifthemaximumcurrenttominimumcurrentratiois2:1,whatistheratioofthemaximumvoltage
tominimumvoltage?
1:2
1:4
2:1
4:1

ElectromagneticsQuestions(57)
Whatisthelengthincentimetersofaquarterwavestub,infreespaceat4GHz?
19m
18.75m
19cm
1.875cm

ElectromagneticsQuestions(58)
Bestchoiceoftransmissionlinecomponenttocoupleacoaxiallinetoaparallelwireline.
Balun
Directionalcoupler
Shorting
Slottedline

ElectromagneticsQuestions(59)
Amatchingstubshouldbeplaced_____.
midwaybetweenloadandtransmitter
nearesttotheload
nearesttotransmitter
Anywhere

ElectromagneticsQuestions(6)
Electricfieldatagivenpointduetoaelectricdipoleisinverselyproportionalto
thedistance
thesquareofthedistance
productofcharges
thecubeofdistance

ElectromagneticsQuestions(60)
WhatwouldbetheSWRofatransmissionlineifpowerisbeingdeliveredtoa100loadbyalinewitha
characteristicimpedanceof50?
4
2
5.5
3

ElectromagneticsQuestions(61)
Aquarterwavestubshortedattheendhashighimpedance
attheshortedend
wavelength/4backfromtheshort

wavelength/2backfromtheshort
atthecenter

ElectromagneticsQuestions(62)
A50losslesstransmissionlineisterminatedwithaloadimpedanceof25+j75.Whatistheinputimpedanceata
distanceof0.5fromtheload?
15.5+j31.6Ohms
30+j15Ohms
50Ohms
25+j75Ohms

ElectromagneticsQuestions(63)
Thecharacteristicimpedanceofatransmissionlinedoesnotdependuponits______.
length
conductordiameter
conductorspacing
conductorradius

ElectromagneticsQuestions(64)
A300Wlineisterminatedisaloadimpedanceof100+j200W.Whatisthereflectioncoefficientforthisline?
0.85<212.1
0.632<108
0.35<61.5
0.75<120

ElectromagneticsQuestions(65)
Aflattransmissionlinedelivers5kWat10A.Whatisitsimpedance?
50Ohms
20Ohms
200Ohms
500Ohms

ElectromagneticsQuestions(66)
Whatmustbetheratioofouterconductordiametertocenterconductordiameterfora75Tefloncoaxial
transmissionline?
4.8
6.12
4
3.2

ElectromagneticsQuestions(67)
17:Atypeoftransmissionlinewherethetwoconductorscarryequalcurrent
unbalanced
balanced
stripline
waveguide

ElectromagneticsQuestions(68)
18:Awaveguideactsasa_____.
LPF
Resonator
HPF
BRF

ElectromagneticsQuestions(69)

19:Toconnectcoaxiallinetoaparallelwire,_____isthebesttouse.
balun
directionalcoupler
Slottedline
quarterwavetransformer

ElectromagneticsQuestions(7)
Displacementcurrentisdueto
timevaryingelectricfield
timevaryingmagneticfield.
constantmagneticfield
constantelectricfield.

ElectromagneticsQuestions(70)
Toconnectcoaxiallinetoaparallelwire,_____isthebesttouse
balun
directionalcoupler
Slottedline
quarterwavetransformer

ElectromagneticsQuestions(71)
Whatismeantbyavoltagenode?
Highimpedance
Voltageminima
Currentminima
Voltagemaxima

ElectromagneticsQuestions(72)
Theuseofstubmatchingnetworkeliminatesstandingwaveson_____.
transmittersideofstub
bothsidesofstubs
alloftheabove
loadsidetostub

ElectromagneticsQuestions(73)
Ifstandingwavesaredesirableonatransmittingantenna,whyaretheyundesirableonafeedline?
itdecreasesthelength
itlimitsthelifeoftheantenna
itincreasespowerloss
itshortensthefeedinglife

ElectromagneticsQuestions(74)
Aflatlineisalsocalled_____becauseitisterminatedinitscharacteristicimpedance.
Capacitive
Nonresonant
Resonant
Inductive

ElectromagneticsQuestions(75)
Whatisthecharacteristicimpedanceofthequarterwavetransformerneededtomatcha50Ohmslinetoa300Ohms
load?
122
200Ohms
312Ohms
400Ohms

ElectromagneticsQuestions(76)
Inacoaxialcable,thecharacteristicimpedancedependsonthediameterof
innerconductor
bothaandd
noneoftheabove
outerconductor

ElectromagneticsQuestions(77)
Distancetravelledbyawaveinthetimeofonecycle.
Crest
Wavelength
Frequency
Hop

ElectromagneticsQuestions(78)
Atypeoftransmissionlinewhoseconductorexperiencethesameelectricalcapacitancerelativetotheground.
StripLine
Waveguide
BalancedLine
Coax

ElectromagneticsQuestions(79)
Thecharacteristicimpedancewill_____,ifthespacingbetweenthewiresofabalancedtransmissionlineis
increased.
Noneoftheabove
Increase
Decrease
Remainthesame

ElectromagneticsQuestions(8)
Theunitofmagneticdipolemomentis
Amperemeter
Amperemetersquared
Tesla
Weber

ElectromagneticsQuestions(80)
Findtheinputimpedance,inohms,fora50losslesstransmissionline,3.5long,iftheloadis20+j75.
7+j8
20+j75
6.25j12.5
12.5j6.25

ElectromagneticsQuestions(81)
Asingleconductorrunningfromthetransmittertotheantenna
RG8/U
Singlelinewire
Microstrip
Twinlead

ElectromagneticsQuestions(82)
Transmissionlinesareeitherbalancedorunbalancedwithrespectto_____.
Ground

Input
Positiveterminal
Negativeterminal

ElectromagneticsQuestions(83)
Skineffectdescribesthetendencyof:
acconductorstocarrythecircuitcurrentontheirsurface
bothanorc
dcconductorstocarrythecircuitcurrentontheirsurface
bothaandc

ElectromagneticsQuestions(84)
Amajorandbasicadvantagefortheuseofaklystron.
Highpower
Lessernoise
Efficiency
Cheaper

ElectromagneticsQuestions(85)
Atransmissionlinecapableofhandlinghighpoweredsignalis_____.
coax
Waveguide
Microstripline
stripline

ElectromagneticsQuestions(86)
Pulsedispersioninanopticalfiberrestricts
Transmissiondistance
Transmissiondatarate
Numberofpropagatingmodes
Opticalpowercarryingcapability

ElectromagneticsQuestions(87)
Numericalapertureofanopticalfiberrepresents
Theconeoutsidewhichthelightisincidentonfiberend
Theconewithinwhichthelightisincidentonfiberend
Whetherfiberisasinglemodeornot
Thephasechangesofpropagationlight

ElectromagneticsQuestions(88)
Thefundamentalmodeofanopticalfiberis
TE01mode
TM01mode
HE11mode
LP11

ElectromagneticsQuestions(89)
Thepoweremittedbyanopticalsourceismeasuredtobe0dBm.Inlinearthiscorrespondsto
Zeromilliwatt
Onewatt
0.1watt
Onemilliwatt

ElectromagneticsQuestions(9)

Impedanceoffreespaceis
zero
100ohm
277ohm
377ohm

ElectromagneticsQuestions(90)
5.Inasemiconductorifthechargecarrierscanmakeatransitionfromconductionbandto
Valencebandwithoutchangeinmomentumvalue,thematerialisknownasmaterial
Widebandgap
Directbandgap
Indirectbandgap
narrowbandgap

ElectromagneticsQuestions(91)
Inthecaseofphotodiode,pinstructureispreferredratherthanpnstructure,becauseof
Fastresponse
Temperatureindependence
Lessnoise
Lowcrosstalk

ElectromagneticsQuestions(92)
Inthestructureoffiberopticcable,therefractiveindexofcoreisalways_______therefractiveindexofcladding.
Lessthan
Equalto
Greaterthan
Noneoftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(93)
Ifanoisychannelhasabandwidthof4MHzwithsignaltonoiseratioofabout1,whatwouldbethemaximum
capacityofthechannel?
2Mb/sec
4Mb/sec
6Mb/sec
8Mb/sec

ElectromagneticsQuestions(94)
Whichamongthefollowingisprovidedbyanopticalreceiverfortheregenerationofdatasignalwithminimumerror?
Photodiode
SignalProcessingCircuits
LinearCircuitry
Noneoftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(95)
Inanopticalfibercommunicationsystem,whichamongthefollowingisnotatypicaltransmitterfunction?
Codingforerrorprotection
Decodingofinputdata
Electricaltoopticalconversion
Recodingtomatchoutputstandard

ElectromagneticsQuestions(96)
Whatparameteroflightdetectordeterminestherangeorsystemlengththatcanbeachievedforagivenwavelength?
a.Transittime
Spectralresponse
Darkcurrent
Responsitivity

ElectromagneticsQuestions(97)
Ifanantennadraws12Acurrentandradiates4kW,thenwhatwillbeitsradiationresistance?
22.22ohm
27.77ohm
33.33ohm
39.77ohm

ElectromagneticsQuestions(98)
Whichmodeofradiationoccursinanhelicalantennaduetosmallerdimensionsofhelixascomparedtoa
wavelength?
Normal
Axial
Bothaandb
Noneoftheabove

ElectromagneticsQuestions(99)
Byhowmanytimesisaninputimpedanceofafoldeddipoleatresonancegreaterthanthatofanisolateddipolewith
samelengthasoneofitssides?
2
3
4
6

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(1)
Intrinsicsemiconductormaterialischaracterizedbyavalenceshellofhowmanyelectrons?
1
2
4
6

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(10)
In"p"typematerial,minoritycarrierswouldbe:
holes
dopants
slower
electrons

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(100)
ThemostpopulartypesofICsare.................
thinfilm
hybrid
thickfilm
monolithic

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(101)
AnidealOPAMPisanideal
currentcontrolledcurrentsource
currentcontrolledvoltagesource
voltagecontrolledvoltagesource
voltagecontrolledcurrentsource

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(102)
AnOPAMPhasaslewrateof5V/uSThelargestsinewaveoutputvoltagepossibleatafrequncyof100kHz

2V
4V
8V
12V

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(103)
A741typeOPAMPhasagainbandwidthproductof1MHz.AnoninvertingamplifierusingthisOPAMPandhaving
voltagegainof40dBwillexhibit3dBbandwidthof
10kHz
20kHz
30kHz
40kHz

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(104)
Adifferentialamplifierhasdifferentialgainof10,000andCMRR=70dB.Thecommonmodegainisgivenby
0.25
0.32
0.4
0.5

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(105)
WhichofthefollowingamplifierusedinaDAC
Summer
Differential
NonInverting
Voltagefollower

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(106)
ForanidealOPAMPwhichoneisnottrue
Outputresistanceiszero
Thedifferentialvoltageacrosstheinputterminaliszero
Thecurrentfromoutputterminaliszero
slewrateisinfinity

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(107)
WhenastepinputgiventoanOPAMPintegrator,theoutputwillbe
Aramp
impulse
Aparabolic
Atriangularwave

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(108)
Thecenterfrequencyofabandpassfilterisalwaysequaltothe
bandwidth
bandwidthdividedbyQ
cutofffrequncy
geometricaverageofthecriticalfrequencies

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(109)
Adigitaltoanalogconverterisanapplicationofthe
scalingadder
voltagetocurrentconverter
noninvertingamplifier
adjustablebandwidthcircuit

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(11)
Whatcanasemiconductorsense?
magnetism
temperature
pressure
alloftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(110)
Iftheinputtoacomparatorisasinewave,theoutputisa
squarewave
sinewave
traingularwave
sawtoothwave

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(111)
Acomparatorisanexampleofa
activefilter
currentsource
linearcircuit
nonlinearcircuit

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(112)
Initially,theclosedloopgain(Acl)ofaWienbridgeoscillatorshouldbe
>3
<3
0
=1

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(113)
Atwopolesinglezerobandpassfilterwouldhaveanetrolloffrate
20dB/dec
40dB/dec
20dB/dec
40dB/dec

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(114)
Atriangularwaveoscillatorcanconsistofanopampcomparator,followedby
amplifier
differentiator
summer
integrator

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(115)
CMRRvalueof741typeOPAMP
60dB
70dB
80dB
90dB

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(116)
WhichisnottheinternalcircuitaryofaOPAMP
differentialamplifier

leveltranslator
outputdriver
clamper

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(117)
ThepurposeoflevelshiftertheOPAMPinternalcircuitisto
adjustDCvoltage
increaseimpedance
providehighgain
increasebandwidth

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(118)
ThelargesignalbandwidthofaOPAMPislimitedbyits
slewrate
loopgain
outputimepedance
inputimpedance

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(119)
Forgenerating1kHzsignal,themostsuitablecircuitis
colpittsoscillator
HartlyOscillator
WienBrideocillator
TunedOscillator

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(12)
Whenanelectronjumpsfromthevalenceshelltotheconductionband,itleavesagap.Whatisthisgapcalled?
energygap
hole
electronholepair
recombination

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(120)
WhenasinusoidalvoltagewaveisfedtoaSchmitttrigger,theoutputwillbe
triangularwave
rectangularwave
sinewave
asymmetricalsquarwave

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(121)
Pulsestretching,timedelay,andpulsegenerationarealleasilyaccomplishedwithwhichtypeofmultivibratorcircuit?
astable
monostable
multistable
bistable

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(122)
Anastablemultivibratorrequires
balancedtimeconstants
apairofmatchedtransistors
noinputsignal
dualJKflipflops

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(123)

Whatcontrolstheoutputpulsewidthofaoneshot?
theclockfrequency
thewidthoftheclockpulse
anRLtimeconstant
anRCtimeconstant

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(124)
Anastable555timerhasthefollowingnumberofstablestates
0
1
2
3

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(125)
IftheresistorintheSchmitttriggerastablemultivibratorisavariableresistor,whatpartoftheoutputvoltage
waveformwillchangewhentheresistanceischanged?
theshapeofthewaveform
theamplitudeofthewaveform
theperiodofthewaveform
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(126)
ButterworthsallenkeyLPFhas
multiplerealpoles
complexconjucatepoles
simplepoles
purelyimaginarypoles

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(127)
TheTransferfuntionofaallpassfilteris
Proper
biproper
improper
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(128)
ExampleforaindirecttypeADC
Flash
CounterType
SAR
Dualslope

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(129)
Theoutputvoltageofphasedetectoris
Phasevoltage
Freerunningvoltage
Errorvoltage
Noneofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(13)
ForwardbiasofasiliconPNjunctionwillproduceabarriervoltageofapproximatelyhowmanyvolts?
0.2
0.3
0.7
0.8

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(130)
Atwhichstatethephaselockedlooptracksanychangeininputfrequency?
Freerunningstate
Capturestate
Phaselockedstate
Allofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(131)
ForalargevaluesofVds,aMOSbehavesas
currentcontrolledcurrentsource
currentcontrolledvoltagesource
voltagecontrolledvoltagesource
voltagecontrolledcurrentsource

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(132)
WhenanMOSamplifierisprovidedwithcurrentseriesfeedback,its
inputimpedanceincreasesandoutputimpedancedecreases
inputandoutputimpedancesbothdecrease
inputimpedancedecreasesandoutputimpedanceincreases
inputandoutputimpedancesbothincrease

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(133)
TheuppercutofffrequencyofanRCcoupledMOSamplifiermainlydependsupon
Couplingcapacitor
Sourcebypasscapacitor
devicecapacitor
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(134)
LowerdominantpoleofanMOSamplfierisdepoendson
draincouplingcapacitor
gatecouplingcapacitor
sourcebypasscapacitor
devicecapacitor

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(135)
WhatistheinputimpedanceofacommongateconfiguredMOSFET
low
verylow
high
veryhigh

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(136)
CurrentgainofCDamplifieris
low
1
high
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(137)
CGamplifiercanbeusedasa
voltagebuffer
currentbuffer

currentamplifier
poweramplifier

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(138)
ThefollowingcapacitorisnotpresentwhenMOSisinsaturation
Cgs
Cgd
Cdb
Cgb

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(139)
BandwidthofMOSamplifierisdependson
externalcapacitorsandresitorsonly
devicecapacitorsandexternalresistorsonly
deviceresistanceonly
alloftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(14)
WhenisaPNjunctionformed?
inadepletionregion
inalargereversebiasedregion
thepointatwhichtwooppositedopedmaterialscometogether
wheneverthereisaforwardvoltagedrop

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(140)
MOSFETcanbeusedasa
Variableresistor
variablecapacitor
variableinductor
variableresistoraswellascapacitor

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(141)
Whichofthefollowingamplifiersufferingbymillereffect
CS
CG
CD
CGandCD

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(142)
CMRRofMOSdifferentialamplifierisdependson
Inputsourceresistor
Tailcurrentsource
LoadResistor
AppliedInputsignal

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(143)
Whichofthefollowingamplifierisamillerfreeamplifier
CS
Cascade
Cascode
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(144)
MOSFETVoltageseriesfeedbackamplifier

Increaseinputresistance
decreaseinputresistance
increaseoutputresistance
increasevoltagegain

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(145)
AclassAMOSpoweramplifieruses
1transistor
2transistors
threetransistors
4transistors

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(146)
MOSPoweramplifiershandle....Signalscomparetovoltageamplifier
small
verysmall
large
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(147)
ClassCamplifiersareusedas
AFamplifier
Detectors
RFamplifiers
Summer

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(148)
Frequncyresponceofdifferentialamplifierissameasthatof
LPF
HPF
BPF
BSF

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(149)
Negativefeedbackinanamplifier
increasenoise
reducenoise
increasebandwidth
bothbandc

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(15)
APNjunctionmimicsaclosedswitchwhenit:
hasalowjunctionresistance
isreversebiased
cannotovercomeitsbarriervoltage
hasawidedepletionregion

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(150)
MOSFETClassABoperationisoftenusedinpower(largesignal)amplifiersinorderto
getmaximumefficiency
removeevenhormonics
overcomeacrossoverdistortion
reducingdraindissipation

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(16)

Electronpairbondingoccurswhenatoms:
lackelectrons
shareholes
lackholes
shareelectrons

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(18)
Ifconductanceincreasesastemperatureincreases,thisisknownasa:
positivecoefficient
negativecurrentflow
negativecoefficient
positiveresistance

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(19)
Whichofthefollowingcannotactuallymove?
majoritycarriers
ions
holes
freeelectrons

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(2)
IonizationwithinaPNjunctioncausesalayeroneachsideofthebarriercalledthe:
junction
depletionregion
barriervoltage
forwardvoltage

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(20)
Whatelectricalcharacteristicofintrinsicsemiconductormaterialiscontrolledbytheadditionofimpurities?
conductivity
resistance
power
alloftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(21)
Whichtypeoftransformerisrequiredtocreatea180degreeinputtoarectifier?
centertappedsecondary
stepdownsecondary
steppedupsecondary
splitwindingprimary

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(22)
Whatcircuitactivitymayshiftacharacteristiccurvesothatdiodeoperatingpointsaredifferent?
higherpower(heat)
higherresistance
lowervoltage
lowercurrent

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(23)
Thedccurrentthrougheachdiodeinabridgerectifierequals:
theloadcurrent
halfthedcloadcurrent
twicethedcloadcurrent
onefourththedcloadcurrent

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(24)
Whenmatchingpolarityconnectionshavebeenmadeandthepotentialdifference(PD)isabove0.7V,thediodeis
consideredtobe:
notworking
forwardbiased
reversebiased
anopenswitch

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(25)
Ifa169.7Vhalfwavepeakhasanaveragevoltageof54V,whatistheaverageoftwofullwavepeaks?
119.9V
108.0V
115.7V
339.4V

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(26)
Thecharacteristiccurveforthecomplexmodelofasilicondiodeshowsthat
thebarrierpotentialis0V
thebarrierpotentialstaysfixedat0.7V
thebarrierpotentialincreasesslightlywithanincreaseincurrent
thebarrierpotentialdecreasesslightlywithanincreaseincurrent

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(27)
Afilteredfullwaverectifiervoltagehasasmallerripplethandoesahalfwaverectifiervoltageforthesameload
resistanceandcapacitorvaluesbecause:
thereisashortertimebetweenpeaks
thereisalongertimebetweenpeaks
thelargertheripple,thebetterthefilteringaction
noneoftheabove

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(28)
Thepeakinversevoltage(PIV)acrossanonconductingdiodeinabridgerectifierequalsapproximately:
halfthepeaksecondaryvoltage
twicethepeaksecondaryvoltage
thepeakvalueofthesecondaryvoltage
fourtimesthepeakvalueofthesecondaryvoltage

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(29)
Whenadiodeisforwardbiased,thevoltageacrossit
isdirectlyproportionaltothecurrent
isinverselyproportionaltothecurrent
isdirectlyproportionaltothesourcevoltage
remainsapproximatelythesame

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(3)
Whatcausesthedepletionregion?
Doping
Diffusion
barrierpotential
Ions

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(30)
Withfullwaverectification,currentthroughtheloadresistormustbe:
inoppositedirections
totheexternalload

fromthereversebiaseddiode
inthesamedirection

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(31)
Witha12Vsupply,asilicondiode,anda370ohmresistorinseries,whatvoltagewillbedroppedacrossthediode?
0.3V
0.7V
0.9V
1.4V

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(32)
Ifthefrequencyoftheappliedacsignaltoahalfwaverectifieris60Hz,thefrequencyofthepulsatingdcoutputwill
be
30pps
60pps
90pps
120pps

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(33)
WhatisthepercentofregulationifVnl=20VandVfl=19.8V?
0%
1%
.1%
5%

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(34)
Withahalfwaverectifiedvoltageacrosstheloadresistor,loadcurrentflowsforwhatpartofacycle?
0degrees
90degrees
180degrees
360degrees

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(35)
Whenadiodeisdestroyedithasinfiniteimpedance.Whendamagedbyheatitwillprobably:
short
conductmore
conductless
open

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(36)
Theareaatthejunctionofptypeandntypematerialsthathaslostitsmajoritycarriersiscalledthe
barrierpotential
depletionregion
nregion
pregion

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(37)
Whennotinuse,MOSFETpinsarekeptatthesamepotentialthroughtheuseof:
shippingfoil
nonconductivefoam
conductivefoam
awriststrap

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(38)

DMOSFETsaresometimesusedinseriestoconstructacascodehighfrequencyamplifiertoovercomethelossof:
lowoutputimpedance
capacitivereactance
highinputimpedance
inductivereactance

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(4)
Whatisanenergygap?
thespacebetweentwoorbitalshells
theenergyequaltotheenergyacquiredbyanelectronpassinga1Velectricfield
theenergybandinwhichelectronscanmovefreely
anenergylevelatwhichanelectroncanexist

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(41)
AverysimplebiasforaDMOSFETiscalled:
selfbiasing
gatebiasing
zerobiasing
voltagedividerbiasing

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(42)
WiththeEMOSFET,whengateinputvoltageiszero,draincurrentis:
atsaturation
zero
Idss.png
wideningthechannel

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(44)
Whenaninputsignalreducesthechannelsize,theprocessiscalled:
enhancement
substrateconnecting
gatecharge
depletion

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(45)
Whenappliedinputvoltagevariestheresistanceofachannel,theresultiscalled:
saturization
polarization
cutoff
fieldeffect

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(46)
WhenisaverticalchannelEMOSFETused?
forhighfrequencies
forhighvoltages
forhighcurrents
forhighresistances

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(47)
HowwillaDMOSFETinputimpedancechangewithsignalfrequency?
Asfrequencyincreasesinputimpedanceincreases.
Asfrequencyincreasesinputimpedanceisconstant.
Asfrequencydecreasesinputimpedanceincreases.
Asfrequencydecreasesinputimpedanceisconstant.

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(48)
ThetypeofbiasmostoftenusedwithEMOSFETcircuitsis:
constantcurrent
drainfeedback
voltagedivider
zerobiasing

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(49)
TheoverallinputcapacitanceofadualgateDMOSFETislowerbecausethedevicesareusuallyconnected:
inparallel
withseparateinsulation
withseparateinputs
inseries

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(5)
Siliconatomscombineintoanorderlypatterncalleda:
covalentbond
crystal
semiconductor
valenceorbit

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(50)
Whichcomponentisconsideredtobean"OFF"device?
transistor
JFET
DMOSFET
EMOSFET

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(51)
Whentransistorsareusedindigitalcircuitstheyusuallyoperateinthe:
activeregion
breakdownregion
saturationandcutoffregions
linearregion

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(52)
ThreedifferentQpointsareshownonadcloadline.TheupperQpointrepresentsthe:
minimumcurrentgain
intermediatecurrentgain
maximumcurrentgain
cutoffpoint

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(53)
Atransistorhasbetadcof250andabasecurrent,IB,of20microAmps.Thecollectorcurrent,IC,equals:
500mu.gifA
5mA
50mA
5A

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(54)
AcurrentratioofIC/IEisusuallylessthanoneandiscalled:
beta
theta

alpha
omega

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(55)
WiththepositiveprobeonanNPNbase,anohmmeterreadingbetweentheothertransistorterminalsshouldbe:
open
infinite
lowresistance
highresistance

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(56)
InaCEconfiguration,anemitterresistorisusedfor:
stabilization
acsignalbypass
collectorbias
highergain

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(57)
Voltagedividerbiasprovides:
anunstableQpoint
astableQpoint
aQpointthateasilyvarieswithchangesinthetransistor'scurrentgain
aQpointthatisstableandeasilyvarieswithchangesinthetransistorscurrentgain

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(58)
Tooperateproperly,atransistor'sbaseemitterjunctionmustbeforwardbiasedwithreversebiasappliedtowhich
junction?
collectoremitter
basecollector
baseemitter
collectorbase

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(59)
Theendsofaloadlinedrawnonafamilyofcurvesdetermine:
saturationandcutoff
theoperatingpoint
thepowercurve
theamplificationfactor

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(6)
In"n"typematerial,majoritycarrierswouldbe:
holes
dopants
slower
electrons

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(60)
IfVCC=+18V,voltagedividerresistorR1is4.7kmegaohm,andR2is500omegaohm,whatisthebasebias
voltage?
8.70V
4.35V
2.90V
0.7V

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(61)

Ifaninputsignalrangesfrom2040microamps,withanoutputsignalrangingfrom.51.5milliamps,whatistheac
beta?
0.05
20
50
500

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(62)
Whentheemittercurrentofatransistorischangedby1mA,itscollectorcurrentchangesby0.990mA.Thecommon
emittershortcircuitcurrentgainis
1
99
199
9.9

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(63)
Assertion(A):Acommoncollectoramplifierisusedformatchingahighimpedancesourcetoalowimpedanceload
Reason(R):Acommoncollectoramplifierhasanearunityvoltagegain
BothAandRarecorrectandRiscorrectexplanationforA
BothAandRarecorrectbutRisnotcorrectexplanationforA
AiscorrectRiswrong
AiswrongRiscorrect

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(64)
Mostsmallsignaltransistorsare
NPN,silicon,inaplasticpackage
PNP,silicon,inaplasticpackage
NPN,germaniuminametalliccase
PNP,germaniuminametalliccase

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(65)
InaCEamplifier,thecollectorresistanceis6kandloadresistanceis3k.Theacloadresistanceis
9k
6k
3k
2k

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(66)
Foratransistoramplifierwithselfbiasingnetwork,thefollowingcomponentsareused.R1=4k,R2=4k,RC=1
k.Theapproximatevalueofthestabilityfactor'S'willbe
4
3
2
1.5

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(67)
InaCEclassAamplifierthequiescentcurrentandvoltageareICQandVCEQ.Themaximumpoweroutputcanbe
(VCEQ)(ICQ)
{(VCEQ)(ICQ)}/2
{(VCEQ)(ICQ)}/4
2{(VCEQ)(ICQ)}

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(68)
AHartleyoscillatorisusedforgeneration
verylowfrequencyoscillation
radiofrequencyoscillation

microwaveoscillation
audiofrequencyoscillation

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(69)
WhichofthefollowingmethodcannotbeusedtoincreasethebandwidthforcascadedRFamplifierstages?
Wavetrapsineachstage
Staggertuning
Ashuntdampingresistoracrosseachtunedcircuit
Doubledtunedtransformerswithtightercoupling

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(7)
Elementswith1,2,or3valenceelectronsusuallymakeexcellent:
conductors
semiconductors
insulators
neutral

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(70)
Whichofthefollowingnoisebecomesofgreatimportanceathighfrequencies?
Shotnoise
Agitationnoise
Flickernoise
Transittimenoise

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(71)
Assertion(A):ThedutycycleofaclassCamplifieraffectsthepowerdissipationoftransistor
Reason(R):AthigherharmonicstheefficiencyofaclassCamplifierbecomespoor
BothAandRarecorrectandRiscorrectexplanationforA
BothAandRarecorrectbutRisnotcorrectexplanationforA
AiscorrectRiswrong
AiswrongRiscorrect

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(72)
Assertion(A):Atunedamplifierusesaparalleltunedcircuit
Reason(R):Atunedamplifierisusedtoamplifyanarrowbandfrequencies
BothAandRarecorrectandRiscorrectexplanationforA
BothAandRarecorrectbutRisnotcorrectexplanationforA
AiscorrectRiswrong
AiswrongRiscorrect

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(73)
InaclassCamplifier,fullcycleconductorofthecurrentisachievedbyemploying
tunedcircuit
transformers
complementarypair
Pushpullconfiguration

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(74)
Whichcouplingproducestheminimuminterferencewithfrequencyresponse?
RCcoupling
Transformercoupling
Directcoupling
Impedancecoupling

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(75)

Inadifferentialamplifier,CMRRcanbeimprovedbyusinganincreased
emitterresistance
collectorresistance
powersupplyvoltages
sourceresistance

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(76)
If1.5%oftheoutputofanamplifierisfeedbackpositivelytotheinput,theminimumgainrequiredoftheamplifierfor
oscillationstooccur,is
16.6
44.4
66.6
75

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(77)
ADarlingtoncircuitisobtainedbyconnecting
twoCBstagesincascade
twoCEstagesincascade
aCEstagesfollowedbyCBstage
twoemitterfollowerincascade

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(78)
ACEamplifierhasahighinputsignal.Inthewaveshapeofemittercurrent
positiveandnegativehalfcycleswillbesymmetrical
positivehalfcyclewillbeelongatedandnegativehalfcyclewillbecompressed
positivehalfcyclewillbecompressedandnegativehalfcyclewillbeelongated
thehalfcyclesmaybeeitherelongatedorcompressed

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(8)
Acommonlyusedpentavalentmaterialis:
arsenic
boron
gallium
neon

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(80)
InaclassCoperationVCC=40VandVCE(sat)=0.4V.Theefficiencyis
90%
49.5%
1%
0.5%

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(81)
Inamplifiers,theparasiticoscillationresultdueto
transistorinterjunctioncapacitance
pushpulloperator
negativefeedback
poorinterstagecoupling

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(82)
ThemajordisadvantageofPNjunctionisolationtechniqueis,
FormationofParasiticResistance
FormationofParasiticCapacitance
FormationofIsolationisland
Noneofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(83)
WhichisolationtechniqueisusedinapplicationslikemilitaryandAeroscope?
Thinfilmisolation
PNjunctionisolation
Barrierisolation
Dielectricisolation

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(84)
PickouttheincorrectstatementAluminiumisusuallyusedformetallizationofmostICasitoffers
Relativelyagoodconductor
Highresistance
Goodmechanicalbondwithsilicon
Depositionofaluminiumfilmusingvacuumdeposition

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(85)
Howthealuminiumfilmcoatingiscarriedoutinmetallizationprocess?
Heatingandpouringaluminiuminrequiredplace.
Aluminiumisvacuumevaporatedandthencondensed
Placingthealuminiuminrequiredplaceandthenheatingitusingtungsten
Noneofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(86)
WhattypeofpackingissuitableforIntegratedCircuits?
Metalcanpackage
Dualinlinepackage
Ceramicflatpackage
Allofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(87)
MetalcanICpackagesareavailablein
42leads
16leads
12leads
24leads

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(88)
WhatprocessisusedinsemiconductorindustrytofabricateIntegratedCircuits?
Siliconwaferpreparation
Siliconplanarprocess
Epitaxialgrowthofsilicon
Photolithographyprocess

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(89)
WhichsemiconductorismostwidelyusedforfabricationofIntegratedCircuit?
Germanium,Ge
GalliumArsenide,GaAs
Silicon,Si
Allofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(9)
Whichmaterialmayalsobeconsideredasemiconductorelement?
carbon
ceramic

mica
argon

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(90)
Whatwillbethenextstepafterslicing(process)siliconwafers?
Allofthementioned
Lapping
Polishing
Chemical

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(91)
Duringionimplantationprocess(beforetheionstrikethewafer)theacceleratedionsarepassedthrough
StrongElectricfield
StrongMagneticfield
StrongElectricandMagneticField
Noneofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(92)
Inwhichmethodshallowpenetrationofdopantsispossible?
Ionimplantation
Verticaldiffusion
Horizontaldiffusion
Dopantsdiffusion

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(93)
Whichmethodismostsuitableforsiliconcrystalgrowthinsiliconwaferpreparation?
Floatzoneprocess
BridgemanStockbargermethod
Czochralskicrystalgrowthprocess
Laserheatedpedestalgrowth

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(94)
.cannotbefabricatedonanIC
Transistors
Diodes
Resistors
Largeinductorsandtransformers

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(95)
WhichinsulatinglayerusedinFabricationofMOSFET?
Aluminiumoxide
SiliconNitride
Silicondioxide
Silicondioxide

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(96)
AtechniqueusedtoreducethemagnitudeofthresholdvoltageofMOSFET?
UseofcomplementaryMOSFET
UseofSiliconnitride
Usingthinfilmtechnology
Noneofthementioned

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(97)

FindthesequenceofstepsinvolvedinfabricationofpolysilicongateMOSFET?
Step1:EntirewafersurfaceofaSi3N4iscoatedanditisetchedawaywiththehelpofmasktoincludesource,gate
anddrain.
Step2:Thecontactareasaredefinedusingphotolithographicprocess
Step3:SelectiveetchingofSi3N4andthinoxidegrowth
Step4:Depositionofpolysilicongate
Step5:thickoxidegrowthcalledfieldoxideandPimplantation
Step6:Metallizationandinterconnectionbetweensubstrateandsource
1>5>3>4>2>6
1>3>4>2>5>6
1>5>4>3>2>6
1>4>2>5>3>6

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(98)
Whichofthefollowingstatementistrue?
Fabricationofpmostransistorrequirefewadditionalstepscomparedtonmostransistor
Fabricationofnmostransistorrequirefewadditionalstepscomparedtopmostransistor
Fabricationonnmosissameasthatofpmostransistor
Fabricationonnmosisdifferentfromthatofpmostransistor

ElectronicDevicesandAnalogCircuits(99)
WhichofthefollowingismostdifficulttofabricateinanIC?
diode
transistor
FET
capacitor

NETWORKTHEORY(1)
Onesinewavehasaperiodof2ms,anotherhasaperiodof5ms,andotherhasaperiodof10ms.Whichsinewave
ischangingatafasterrate?
sinewavewithperiod2ms
sinewavewithperiodof5ms
allareatthesamerate
Sinewavewithaperiodof10ms

NETWORKTHEORY(10)
WhentheresistanceinanRCcircuitisgreaterthanthecapacitivereactance,thephaseanglebetweentheapplied
voltageandthetotalcurrentiscloserto
90
0
45
120

NETWORKTHEORY(100)
InaseriesRLCcircuit,R=0settingwillproduce:
anoverdampedresponse
acriticallydampedresponse
anunderdampedresponse
anundampedresponse

NETWORKTHEORY(11)
InacertainseriesRCcircuit,VR=4VandVC=6V.Whatisthemagnitudeofthetotalvoltage?
7.2V
4V
6V
52V

NETWORKTHEORY(12)

InagivenseriesRLCcircuit,XCis150,andXLis80,whatisthetotalreactance?Whatisthetypeofreactance?
70,inductive
70,capacitive
70,resistive
150,capacitive

NETWORKTHEORY(13)
InacertainseriesRLCcircuitVR=24V,VL=15VandVC=45V.Whatisthesourcevoltage.
38.42V
45V
15V
24V

NETWORKTHEORY(14)
WhenR=10,XC=18andXL=12,thecurrent
leadstheappliedvoltage
lagsbehindtheappliedvoltage
isinphasewiththevoltage
innoneoftheabove

NETWORKTHEORY(15)
Thephasorcombinationofresistivepowerandreactivepoweriscalled
truepower
apparentpower
reactivepower
averagepower

NETWORKTHEORY(16)
Apowerfactorof0indicates
purelyresistiveelement
purelyreactiveelement
combinationofbothaandb
noneofthese

NETWORKTHEORY(17)
InacertainseriesRCcircuit,thetruepoweris2W,andthereactivepoweris3.5VAR.Whatistheapparentpower?
3.5VA
2VA
4.03VA
3VA

NETWORKTHEORY(18)
TowhichcomponentinanRCcircuitisthepowerdissipationdue?
capacitance
resistance
both
none

NETWORKTHEORY(19)
Inacompleximpedancecircuit,themaximumpowertransferoccurswhentheloadimpedanceisequalto
complexconjugateofsourceimpedance
sourceimpedance
sourceresistance
noneoftheabove

NETWORKTHEORY(2)
Howmanycyclesdoesasinewavegothroughin10swhenitsfrequencyis60Hz?
10cycles
60cycles
600cycles
6cycles

NETWORKTHEORY(20)
Maximumpowertransferoccursata
100%efficiency
50%efficiency
25%efficiency
75%efficiency

NETWORKTHEORY(21)
Laplacetransformanalysisgives
timedomainresponseonly
frequencydomainresponseonly
botha&b
none

NETWORKTHEORY(22)
TheLaplacetransformoffirstderivativeofafunctionf(t)is
F(s)/s
sF(s)f(0)
F(s)f(0)
f(0)

NETWORKTHEORY(23)
TheLaplacetransformofintegraloffunctionf(t)is
(1/s)F(s)
sF(s)f(0)
F(s)f(0)
f(0)

NETWORKTHEORY(24)
TheLaplacetransformofe5tf(t)is
F(s)
F(s1)
F(s/5)
F(s5)

NETWORKTHEORY(25)
Theinitialvalueof2010te25tis
20
19
10
25

NETWORKTHEORY(26)
Thefinalvalueof(2S+1)/(s4+8s3+16s2+s)is
2
infinite
zero

NETWORKTHEORY(27)
Theinverselaplacetransformof1/s(1eas)is
u(t)u(ta)
u(t)
u(ta)
zero

NETWORKTHEORY(28)
Inthesolutionofnetworkdifferentialequations,theconstantsinthecomplementaryfunctionhavetobeevaluated
fromtheinitialconditions,andthentheparticularintegralistobeadded.Thisprocedureis
correct.
incorrect.
theonetobefollowedforfindingthenaturalresponse.
theonetobefollowedforfindingthenaturalandforcedresponses.

NETWORKTHEORY(29)
Theadmittanceandimpedanceofthefollowingkindofnetworkhavethesameproperties:
LC
RL
RC
RLC

NETWORKTHEORY(3)
Asinewavehasapositivegoingzerocrossingat0andanrmsvalueof20V.Whatisitsinstantaneousvalueat145.
7.32V
16.22V
26.57V
21.66V

NETWORKTHEORY(30)
Aunitimpulsevoltageisappliedtooneportnetworkhavingtwolinearcomponents.Ifthecurrentthroughthenetwork
is0fort<0anddecaysexponentiallyfort>0thenthenetworkconsistsof
RandLinseries
RandLinparallel
RandCinparallel
RandCinseries

NETWORKTHEORY(31)
Foratransmissionlineopencircuitandshortcircuitimpedancesare20and5.Thencharacteristicimpedanceis
100
50
25
10

NETWORKTHEORY(32)
WaveA=100sintandwaveB=100cost.Then
rmsvaluesofthetwowavesareequal
rmsvaluesofAismorethanthatofB
rmsvaluesofAislessthanthatofB
rmsvaluesofthetwowavesmayormaynotbeequal

NETWORKTHEORY(33)

A0.5Fcapacitorisconnectedacrossa10Vbattery.Afteralongtime,thecircuitcurrentandvoltageacross
capacitorwillbe
0.5Aand0V
0Aand10V
20Aand5V
0.05Aand5V

NETWORKTHEORY(34)
TheimpedanceofanRCseriescircuitis12atf=50Hz.Atf=200Hz,theimpedancewillbe
morethan12
lessthan3
morethan3butlessthan12
morethan12butlessthan24

NETWORKTHEORY(35)
Anetworkhastwobranchesinparallel.OnebranchcontainsimpedanceZ1andtheotherbranchhasimpedanceZ2.
IfitisfedfromanacvoltageVoffrequencyf,thecurrentthroughZ1depends,on
V,Z1,Z2
V,Z1
Z1,Z2
V,Z1,f

NETWORKTHEORY(36)
Howmuchenergydoesa10hpmotordeliverin30minutes?
13.43MJ
13MJ
0.447MJ
2.238MJ

NETWORKTHEORY(37)
Themaximumcurrentthata2W,80kresistorcansafelyconductis:
25mA
5mA
40kA
160kA

NETWORKTHEORY(38)
Findthecurrentgeneratedbythesource.

2A
1A
3.4A
1.2A

NETWORKTHEORY(39)
DetermineVx

2V
1.3V
6V
5V

NETWORKTHEORY(4)
Asinewavevoltageisappliedacrossacapacitor,whenthefrequencyofthevoltageisincreased,thecurrent
increases
decreases
remainsthesame
iszero

NETWORKTHEORY(40)
Ifio=2A,Calculateix

30A
24A
16A
32A

NETWORKTHEORY(41)
FindRinthecircuit

2.5Ohms
3Ohms
25Ohms
20Ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(42)
Findequivalentresistanceacrossterminalsaandb

59.8ohms
49ohms
55ohms
40ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(43)
Ifanammeterwithaninternalresistanceof100andacurrentcapacityof2mAisto
measure5A,determinethevalueoftheresistanceneeded.
0.04Ohms
0.05Ohms
0.03Ohms
0.4Ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(44)
Obtaintheequivalentresistanceacrossab

4Ohms
3Ohms
8Ohms

4.2Ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(45)
ObtainVointhecircuitshown

20V
10V
15V
25V

NETWORKTHEORY(46)
FindthevoltageatV2

8V
10V
6V
3V

NETWORKTHEORY(47)

Findthecurrentflowingthroughthe8Ohm

0.25A
0.2A
0.3A
0.4A

NETWORKTHEORY(48)
FindGeqinthecircuitshowninFig

4S
2S
8S
10S

NETWORKTHEORY(49)
Threelightbulbsareconnectedtoa9VbatteryasshowninFig.
Calculatethetotalcurrentsuppliedbythebattery

5A
4A
6A
8A

NETWORKTHEORY(5)
Asinewavevoltageisappliedacrossaninductor,whenthefrequencyofthevoltageisincreased,thecurrent
increases
decreases
remainsthesame
iszero

NETWORKTHEORY(50)
Anetworkhas12branchesand8independentloops.Howmanynodesarethereinthenetwork?
5
6
8
7

NETWORKTHEORY(51)

InthecircuitinFig.Vis:

6V
30V
14V
10V

NETWORKTHEORY(52)
FindIinthecircuitshowninFig.

2A
3A
5A
4A

NETWORKTHEORY(53)

Calculatethevoltageatnode2

20V
30V
10V
15V

NETWORKTHEORY(54)
Calculatethemeshcurrenti1inthecircuit

2A
0A
1A
4A

NETWORKTHEORY(55)

ForthecircuitinFig.V1andV2arerelatedas

v1=6i+8+v2
v1=6i8+v2
v1=6i+8+v2
v1=6i8+v2

NETWORKTHEORY(56)
Whatisthecurrentthroughthe$Ohmresistancedueto6Vsource?

0.5A
0.75A
0.6A
0.4A

NETWORKTHEORY(57)

FindIinthecircuitshowninFig.

0.75A
0.5A
0.8A
1.2A

NETWORKTHEORY(58)
FindtheThevenin'sresistanceforthecircuitshowninFig.

3Ohms
4Ohms
2Ohms
3.2Ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(59)

FindNorton'sResistanceforthecircuitshowninFig.

4Ohms
3Ohms
5Ohms
8Ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(6)
A1KHzsinusoidalvoltageisappliedtoanRLcircuit,whatisthefrequencyoftheresultingcurrent?
1KHz
0.1KHz
100KHz
2KHz

NETWORKTHEORY(60)
FindtheNorton'scurrentforthecircuitshowninFig.

4.5A
4A
5A

6A

NETWORKTHEORY(61)
FindthevalueofLoadresistanceformaximumpowertransertotakeplace

9Ohms
10Ohms
12Ohms
15Ohms

NETWORKTHEORY(62)
Thesuperpositionprincipleappliestopowercalculation.
True
False

NETWORKTHEORY(63)
TheNortonresistanceisexactlyequaltotheThevenin'sresistance
True
False

NETWORKTHEORY(64)
Forsuperposition,itisnotrequiredthatonlyoneindependentsourcebeconsideredatatimeanynumberof
independentsourcesmaybeconsideredsimultaneously.
True
False

NETWORKTHEORY(65)
Atheoremthatpermitsthereductionofanytwoterminal,lineardcnetworktoonehavingasinglevoltagesourceand
seriesresistor.
Thevenin'sTheorem
Norton'stheorem
Millman'sTheorem
SuperpositionTheorem

NETWORKTHEORY(66)

Atheoremthatpermitsthereductionofanytwoterminallineardcnetworktoonehavingasinglecurrentsourceand
parallelresistor
Thevenin'sTheorem
Norton'sTheorem
Millman'sTheorem
ReciprocityTheorem

NETWORKTHEORY(67)
Theconceptofsuperpositiontheoremisbasedon_______
linearity
reciprocity
nonlinearity
duality

NETWORKTHEORY(68)
Todeterminethepolarityofthevoltagedropacrosstheresistor,itisneccessarytoknow_________
valueofcurrentthrouhtheresistor
directionofcurrentthroughtheresistor
valueofresistor
emf'sinthecircuit

NETWORKTHEORY(69)
Kirchoff'slawisapplicableto
acnetworksonly
dcnetworksonly
bothacanddcnetworks
passivenetworksonly

NETWORKTHEORY(7)
AseriesRLcircuithasaresistanceof33K,andaninductivereactanceof50K.Whatisitsimpedanceandphase
angle?
56.58,59.9
59.9K,56.58
59.9,56.58
5.99,56.58

NETWORKTHEORY(70)
ThefollowingvaluesarefoundbyusingNorton'stheorem(RN=2.8,IN=5A).TheconvertedTheveninvalueswill
be___________.
RTH=2.8,ETH=14V
RTH=2.8,ETH=0V
RTH=14,ITH=5A
RTH=2.8,ITH=0A

NETWORKTHEORY(71)
Howmuchinductanceisneededtoresonateat5kHzwithacapacitanceof12nF?
2,652H
11.844H
3.333H
84.43mH

NETWORKTHEORY(72)
Thedifferencebetweenthehalfpowerfrequenciesiscalledthe
qualityfactor
resonantfrequency
bandwidth

cutofffrequency

NETWORKTHEORY(73)
InaseriesRLCcircuit,whichofthesequalityfactorshasthesteepestmagnituderesponsecurvenearresonance?
Q=20
Q=12
Q=8
Q=4

NETWORKTHEORY(74)
Whatkindoffiltercanbeusedtoselectasignalofoneparticularradiostation?
lowpass
highpass
bandpass
bandstop

NETWORKTHEORY(75)
WhentheelementsofanRLCcircuitarebothmagnitudescaledandfrequencyscaled,whichqualityisunaffected?
resistor
resonantfrequency
bandwidth
qualityfactor

NETWORKTHEORY(76)
Avoltagesourcesuppliesasignalofconstantamplitude,from0to40kHz,toanRClowpassfilter.Aloadresistor,
connectedinparallelacrossthe
capacitor,experiencesthemaximumvoltageat:
dc
10kHz
20kHz
40kHz

NETWORKTHEORY(77)
ForthesingleelementtwoportnetworkinFigure,Z11is

0
5
10
20

NETWORKTHEORY(78)
ForthesingleelementtwoportnetworkinFigure,Z11is:

0
5
10
undefined

NETWORKTHEORY(79)
ForthesingleelementtwoportnetworkinFigure,y11is:

0
5
10
Undefined

NETWORKTHEORY(8)
WhenthefrequencyoftheappliedvoltageinaseriesRLcircuitisincreased,whathappenstotheinductive
reactance?
decreases
remainsthesame
increases
becomeszero

NETWORKTHEORY(80)
ForthesingleelementtwoportnetworkinFigure,h21is:

0.1
1
0
10

NETWORKTHEORY(81)

ForthesingleelementtwoportnetworkinFig,transmissionparameterBis:

0
5
10
20

NETWORKTHEORY(82)
ForthesingleelementtwoportnetworkinFig,transmissionparameterBis:

0
5
10
undefined

NETWORKTHEORY(83)
Whenport1ofatwoportcircuitisshortcircuited,I1=4I2andV2=0.25I2.Whichofthefollowingistrue?
y11=4
y12=16
y21=16
y22=0.25

NETWORKTHEORY(84)
Atwoportisdescribedbythefollowingequations:
V1=50I1+10I2
V2=30I1+20I2
whichofthefollowingisnottrue
Z12=10
y12=0.0143
h12=0.5
A=50

NETWORKTHEORY(85)
Ifatwoportisreciprocal,whichofthefollowingisnottrue?
Z21=Z12
y21=y12
h21=h12
AD=BC+1

NETWORKTHEORY(86)

AnRCcircuithasR=2OhmsandC=4FThetimeconstantis:
0.5s
2s
4s
8s

NETWORKTHEORY(87)
ThetimeconstantforanRLcircuitwithR=2OhmsandL=4His
0.5s
2s
4s
8s

NETWORKTHEORY(88)
AcapacitorinanRCcircuitwithR=2OhmsandC=4Fisbeingcharged.Thetimerequiredforthecapacitor
voltagetoreach63.2percentofitssteadystatevalueis:
2s
4s
8s
16s

NETWORKTHEORY(89)
AnRLcircuithasR=2OhmsandL=4H.Thetimeneededfortheinductorcurrenttoreach40percentofitssteady
statevalueis:
0.5s
1s
2s
4s

NETWORKTHEORY(9)
WhatisthephaseanglebetweentheinductorcurrentandtheappliedvoltageinaparallelRLcircuit?
0
45
90
30

NETWORKTHEORY(90)
Whatchargeisona5Fcapacitorwhenitisconnectedacrossa120Vsource?
600C
300C
24C
12C

NETWORKTHEORY(91)
Whenthetotalchargeinacapacitorisdoubled,theenergystored:
remainsthesame
ishalved
isdoubled
isquadrupled

NETWORKTHEORY(92)
Thetotalcapacitanceoftwo40mFseriesconnectedcapacitorsinparallelwitha4mFcapacitoris:
3.8mF
5mF
24mF
44mF

NETWORKTHEORY(93)
A5Hinductorchangesitscurrentby3Ain0.2s.Thevoltageproducedattheterminalsoftheinductoris:
75V
8.8V
3V
1.2V

NETWORKTHEORY(94)
Ifthecurrentthrougha10mHinductorincreasesfromzeroto2A,howmuchenergyisstoredintheinductor?
40mJ
20mJ
10mJ
5mJ

NETWORKTHEORY(95)
ForthecircuitinFig,thecapacitorvoltageatt=0(justbeforetheswitchisclosed)is:

0V
4V
8V
12V

NETWORKTHEORY(96)
ForthecircuitinFig,theinitialinductorcurrent(att=0)is:
0A
2A
6A
12A

NETWORKTHEORY(97)
Whenastepinputisappliedtoasecondordercircuit,thefinalvaluesofthecircuitvariablesarefoundby:
Replacingcapacitorswithclosedcircuitsandinductorswithopencircuits.
Replacingcapacitorswithopencircuitsandinductorswithclosedcircuits.
Replacingcapacitorsandinductorwithopencircuits.
Noneoftheabove

NETWORKTHEORY(98)
Inanelectriccircuit,thedualofresistanceis:
conductance
inductance
capacitance
opencircuit

NETWORKTHEORY(99)
AparallelRLCcircuithasL=2HandC=0.25F.ThevalueofRthatwillproduceunitydampingfactoris
0.5Ohm
1Ohm
2Ohm
4Ohm