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# Slope Stability Analysis during Excavation

stages by 2 methods

## Tutorial by Angel Francisco Martinez

Integrated Solver Optimized for the next generation 64-bit platform

## Finite Element Solutions for Geotechnical Engineering

Overview

GTS NX

STEP 01

Geometry Import

STEP 02

Import Materials

STEP 03

Mesh generation

STEP 04

Boundary Conditions

STEP 05

STEP 06

STEP 07

Analysis Case

STEP 08

## Perform analysis and check result

00 Slope Stability

GTS NX

Overview
2D Slope Stability analysis during
excavations
The stability of slopes created by
embankment or excavation is greatly

## affected by ground water,

Shear stress inside the slope develops
due to the self weight
stress exceeds the shear strength,
shear failure will take place. Using

FEM offers accurate approximate solutions that satisfy force equilibrium, compatibility,

## the various proposed methods,

constitutive equations and boundary conditions at each point of the slope, which enables

## numerical analysis is performed to

simulation of close to real failure shapes and reflect the site conditions to find the minimum

## check the stability, and appropriate

reinforcement is introduced.

safety factor against failure. Moreover, failure planes need not be assumed in advance, and
the failure process can be automatically investigated.

## Higher order elements will be used

for better accuracy, and the safety

-Strength Reduction Method (SRM): Shear strength is gradually reduced until the

## factor will be examined to determine

calculation no longer converges in analysis. At that point, slope failure is assumed, and the

## the need for reinforcement.

rate of the maximum strength reduction is considered to be the minimum safety factor for the
slope.

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## 02 Material for Soil and Structures

Name
Material
Model Type

GTS NX

Weathered Soil

Weathered Rock

Soft Rock

Isotropic

Isotropic

Isotropic

Mohr-Coulomb

Mohr-Coulomb

Mohr-Coulomb

General
Elastic Modulus (E) (kN/m2)
Poissons Ratio(v)
Unit Weight(r) (kN/m3)
Ko

36,500
0.33
18.5
0.5

150,000
0.30
21
0.5

1,850,000
0.28
24
0.5

22

25

31

33

17.5

50

35.5
180

Porous
Unit Weight(Saturated) (kN/m3)

19.5
Non-Linear

Friction Angle
Cohesion (kN/m2)

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## 03 Property for Soil and Structure

GTS NX

Name

Weathered Soil

Weathered Rock

Soft rock

Property

2D

2D

2D

Model Type

Plain Strain

Plain Strain

Plain Strain

Material

Weathered Soil

Weathered Rock

Soft rock

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04 Construction Sequence

GTS NX

## 1. Initial state of ground

2. 1st Excavation
3. 2nd Excavation
4. 3rd Excavation

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Modeling Procedure

GTS NX

Procedure
1

## Analysis Setting > Model

Type > 2D
Set units to kN / m / sec
2

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

DXF> Open

Select OK

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## 03 Define Material / Property for Soil & Structures

GTS NX

Procedure
* You can Import from the existing
model file (Refer to Project

## Mesh > Prop. > Property >

Import

Select 2D Slope
Stability_final.gts file

Select All
Select OK
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GTS NX

Procedure
1

Area

## Select Edge(s) > Select 15 edges

for Embankment 3 as
highlighted in the figure.

## Input element Size : 1

(1m between two nodes)

Embankment 3

## Click OK , then Click Apply

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Click OK , then Click Apply

## 04 Generate Mesh (2D Element)

GTS NX

Procedure
Select Edge(s) > Select edges
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## for Weathered Rock as

highlighted in the figure.

## Input element Size : 1

(1 m between two nodes)

1

Rock

Weathered Rock

Click Apply
3

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## 04 Generate Mesh (2D Element)

GTS NX

Procedure
Select Edge(s) > Select edges
1

## for Weathered Rock as

highlighted in the figure.

## Input element Size : 1.5

(1 m between two nodes)

1

Rock

Click Apply
3

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## 05 Define Boundary Condition (Water Level)

GTS NX

Procedure
* Water Level Function will be

defined.

## Static / Slope Analysis >

Boundary > Water Level >
Edge
2

## edges to define water level as

highlighted in the figure.

edges)
3

Interval : 1 (m)

Select OK

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

2

Boundary

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Procedure
1

GTS NX

## Static / Slope Analysis >

Boundary > Slip Circular
surface

2

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

## Static / Slope Analysis >

Boundary > Slip Circular

surface

2

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GTS NX

Procedure
1
1

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## 07 Change Names of Mesh Sets

GTS NX

Procedure
Change Mesh Sets in preparation for
Construction stage definition.
1

## Go to the Model tab in Works Tree

Select the mesh set corresponding
to the 1st excavation, as shown in
the image.
Press key F2 to change name to

Exca 1
Press Enter
2

## Repeat for the other excavations as

the 2nd image shows.

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## 08 Define Construction Stage (Create Stage Set)

GTS NX

Procedure
* 4 Construction stage will be
defined for this project.

## Static / Slope Analysis >

Construction Stage > Stage
Set
Stage Type > Stress

2
3

4

Select Define CS
3

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

ground

## for initial state of ground (2D

elements), Ground Boundary,
Self Weight

Select Save

Select New

4

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

Stage 2 : Exca 1

for Exca 1

## Activate SAM 1 boundary

Check on Slope Stability SRM
3

And SAM
Select Save
Select New
3

4

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

Stage 3 : Exca 2

## Deactivated Data : Mesh Set

for Exca 2 and Exca 2-1

Activate SAM 2
Check on Slope Stability SRM
3

and SAM

Select Save

Select New

4

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

Stage 4 : Exca 3

for Exca 3

and SAM

2
4

## Check Define Water Level for

Global
Input 1m, Select Water Level

3
5

Select Close

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09 Analysis Case

GTS NX

Procedure
1

General
2

Stage

2
5

## Select Construction Stage Set

Analysis Control : Select Initial

5
4

## Stage for Stress Analysis

(Initial Stage), Check
Optionsfor Ko analysis.

Select OK

Select OK

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6

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GTS NX

Procedure
1

Select OK

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## 11 Post Processing (Pre mode vs Post mode)

2

Procedure
1 * After analysis, model view

GTS NX

2
1

2
2

## will be converted to PostMode automatically, can

back to Pre-Mode to change
model information.
2 *All results will be represented

## by graphic based output, table,

diagram and graph.
3 Results are given by stages and

types of elements.
The results are set in order, the
1s being results for STRESS
analysis, the following for SLOPE
STABILITY showing the FOS for

the stage.
The bottom of the results tab
lists the FOS for all the stages in
order. FOS match between SRM
and SAM

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GTS NX

Procedure

## Inspect the slope stability results

for the last stage by selecting the
Plane Strain Strains.
Expand the results for Water
Level SRM and double click

## Plane Strain Strains. > EEquivalent to verify the line of

slope failure due to the saturated
ground.
2

clearly.
3

## Plane Strain Stresses. > Pore

Stress to verify the Pore Stress
dues to change in Water Level

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GTS NX

Procedure
2

## Inspect the slope stability results

for the last stage by selecting the
Plane Strain Strains.
Click on Results > Special Post >
SAM.

3

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Procedure

GTS NX

3
1

## Inspect the changes in the model

by navigating the stages using
the bar on the bottom of the
model / above the output

## window. Press Right or Left key

on keyboard to go forward and
backward in the stages
respectably.
2

## The images shows total

displacements for the 1st 4 stages
of the analysis.

## You can create a video animation

of the stages by selecting Multi
Stage Animation > Select All
Stages > Play > Save

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GTS NX

Thank you
Angel Francisco Martinez
a.martinez@midasuser.com

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