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Accredited By NAAC

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY,
KOLHAPUR
Asyllabusof
(B.E.AeronauticalEngineering)
Structure
(SemesterIIItoVIII)and
Syllabusof
Semester(IIIandIV)
TobeintroducedfromAcademicYear2014-

15i.e.fromJune2014Onwards

(Subjecttothemodifications willbe made fromtimetotime)

SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY,KOLHAPUR,
StructureofS.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)SemesterIIIWITHEFFECTFROMTHEACADEMICYEARJUNE/JULY2014-2015

Sr.
No.

TeachingScheme
CourseTitle

ExaminationScheme

Total
Hrs.

TP

TW

OE

POE

Total
Marks

EngineeringMathematicsIII

--

100

25

--

--

125

AppliedThermodynamics

--

100

25

--

25

150

FluidMechanics

--

100

25

--

25

150

ElementsofAeronautics

--

100

25

--

--

125

MechanicsofSolids

--

100

25

--

--

125

ProfessionalSkillDevelopment

--

--

--

25

--

--

25

AircraftComponentDrawing

--

--

--

50

25

--

75

ComputerProgrammingusing
C++

--

--

--

25

--

--

25

17

01

12

30

500

225

25

50

800

Total

L:Lecture,T:Tutorial,P:Practical,TP:TheoryPaper,TW:TermWork,OE:OralExam.,POE:Practical
andOralExam.

SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY,KOLHAPUR,
StructureofS.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)SemesterIVWITHEFFECTFROMTHEACADEMICYEARJUNE/JULY2014-2015

Sr.
No.

TeachingScheme
CourseTitle

ExaminationScheme

Total
Hrs.

TP

TW

OE

POE

Total
Marks

Aerodynamics-I

--

100

25

--

--

125

AircraftProductionTechnology

--

100

25

--

--

125

MaterialScienceandEngineering

--

100

25

25

--

150

AppliedNumericalMethods

--

100

25

--

--

125

Electrical,Electronicsand
CommunicationsEngineering

--

100

25

--

--

125

InstrumentationLab

--

--

--

25

25

--

50

ComputerAidedDraftingLab

--

--

--

50

--

--

50

--

--

--

25

--

25

50

16

02

12

30

500

225

50

25

800

AircraftProductionTechnology
Lab
Total

L:Lecture,T:Tutorial,P:Practical,TP:TheoryPaper,TW:TermWork,OE:OralExam.,POE:Practical
andOralExam.

SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY,KOLHAPUR,
StructureofT.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-V
WITHEFFECTFROMTHEACADEMICYEARJUNE/JULY2015-2016

Sr.
No.

TeachingScheme
CourseTitle

ExaminationScheme

Total
Hrs.

TP

TW

OE

POE

Total
Marks

AircraftStructures

--

100

25

--

--

125

AerodynamicsII

--

100

25

--

--

125

AerospacePropulsion-I

--

100

25

--

--

125

FlightMechanics-I

--

100

25

--

--

125

AirTransportationSystems

--

100

25

--

25

150

AircraftStructuresLab

--

--

--

25

25

--

50

AerodynamicsLab

--

--

--

25

--

25

50

MiniProject-I

--

--

--

50

--

--

50

16

02

11

29

500

225

25

50

800

Total

L:Lecture,T:Tutorial,P:Practical,TP:TheoryPaper,TW:TermWork,OE:OralExam.,POE:Practical
andOralExam.

SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY,KOLHAPUR,
StructureofT.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-VI
WITHEFFECTFROMTHEACADEMICYEARJUNE/JULY2015-2016
TeachingScheme

Sr.
No.

CourseTitle

ExaminationScheme

Total
Hrs.

TP

TW

OE

POE

Total
Marks

MachinesandMechanisms

--

100

25

--

--

125

DesignofAircraftStructures

--

100

25

--

--

125

AerospacePropulsion-II

--

100

25

--

--

125

IndustrialManagementand
OperationResearch

--

100

25

--

--

125

FlightMechanics-II

--

100

25

25

--

150

AerodynamicsandPropulsion
Lab

--

--

--

25

--

25

50

Seminar

--

--

--

50

--

--

50

MiniProject-I

--

--

--

25

--

25

50

15

01

13

29

500

225

25

50

800

Total

L:Lecture,T:Tutorial,P:Practical,TP:TheoryPaper,TW:TermWork,OE:OralExam.,POE:Practical
andOralExam.

SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY,KOLHAPUR,
StructureofB.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-VII
WITHEFFECTFROMTHEACADEMICYEARJUNE/JULY2016-2017
TeachingScheme

Sr.
No.
1
2

CourseTitle
MechanicalVibrationand
Structural Dynamics
ComputationalAerodynamics

ExaminationScheme

Total
Hrs.

--

100

25

25

--

150

--

100

25

25

--

150

TP

TW

OE

POE

Total
Marks

ControlTheory-Applicationto
FlightControlSystems.

--

100

25

25

--

150

Elective-I.

--

100

25

--

--

125

Elective-II

--

100

25

--

--

125

IndustrialTraining@

--

--

--

--

50

--

--

50

ProjectPhaseI

--

--

--

50

--

--

50

16

00

12

28

500

225

75

00

800

Total

Sr.
No.

ElectiveI

Sr.
No.

ElectiveII

HelicopterTheory

IndustrialAerodynamics

AircraftDesign

HeatTransfer

AirframeMaintenanceandRepair

TotalQualityManagement

Flightschedulingandoperations

ComputerAidedDesignandAnalysis

AircraftMaterials

AircraftMaintenanceEngineering

L:Lecture,T:Tutorial,P:Practical,TP:TheoryPaper,TW:TermWork,OE:OralExam.,POE:Practical
andOralExam.
@ Industrialtrainingofminimumtwo(2)
weeksshouldbedoneafterT.E.(II)insummervacationanditsassessmentwillbedoneinB.E.(I)b
asedonreportsubmitted.Workloadoftheassessmentcanbeassignedtotheprojectseminarguid
e.

SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY,KOLHAPUR,
StructureofB.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-VIII
WITHEFFECTFROMTHEACADEMICYEARJUNE/JULY2016-2017
TeachingScheme

Sr.
No.

CourseTitle

ExaminationScheme

Total
Hrs.

--

100

25

--

--

125

FiniteElementMethod
AvionicsandInstrumentSystems

--

100

25

25

--

150

AirportPlanningandOperations

--

100

25

25

--

150

ElectiveIII

--

100

25

5
6

ElectiveIV

3
-15

--00

2
4
14

5
4
29

100
-500

25
75
200

ProjectPhaseII
Total

Sr.
No.

Sr.
No.

TP

TW

OE

POE

Total
Marks

125
-50
100

--0

ElectiveIV

SatelliteCommunicationandNavigation

ProbabilityandStatistics

EngineeringDesignOptimization

ReliabilityEngineering

ManagementInformationSystem

ElectiveIII

HypersonicAerodynamics

AirtrafficControlandplanning

Cryogenics

CompositeMaterialand Structures

RocketandMissileDesign

L:Lecture,T:Tutorial,P:Practical,TP:TheoryPaper,TW:TermWork,OE:OralExam.,POE:Practical
andOralExam.

125
125
800

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
1.ENGINEERINGMATHEMATICSIII
TeachingScheme:Lectures
:3Hrs.per
weekTutorial:1Hr.perwee
k

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringMathematics-IandEngineeringMathematicsII
CourseObjectives:
1. Tointroducestudentaboutlinearsystem.
2. TostudybasicconceptsofEigenvalues andEigenvectors.
3. Tostudyquadraticformsandvariouslawsrelatedtoit.
4. TostudyneedofFourierseriesandFouriertransforms.
5. TointroducestudentstoPartialdifferentialequationsandmethodstosolvethem.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. UnderstandbasicconceptsofLinearSystem.
2. UnderstandEigenvalues,Eigenvectorsandcalculationofpowersofmatrix.
3. ApplyFourierseriestosolveproblemsrelatedtoAeronauticalEngineering.
4. SolvePartialdifferentialequationproblemsrelatedtoAeronauticalEngineering.

Unit1
LinearSystemsandTransformations:
[10]
Matrices: Elementary row transformations Rank Normal form - Echelon form
ConsistencySolutionofsystemofsimultaneouslinearhomogeneousandnonhomogeneousequations.
Real matrices Symmetric, Skew - Symmetric, Orthogonal, Linear Transformation
OrthogonalTransformation.Complexmatrices:Hermitian,Skew-HermitianandUnitary
Eigenvalues andEigenvectorsofcomplexmatricesandtheirproperties
Unit2
[5]
EigenValuesandEigenVectors:
Eigenvalues,EigenvectorspropertiesCayley-Hamiltontheorem-Inverseandpowersof
amatrixbyCayley-HamiltontheoremDiagonolizationofmatrix,Calculationofpowers ofmatrix
ModalandSpectralmatrices.

Unit3
QuadraticForms:
Quadraticforms-ReductionofquadraticformtocanonicalformRank-Positive,Negative
definite-SemiDefinite-Index-Signature-Sylvesterlaw,ApplicationsofQuadraticlaw.

[5]

Unit4
FourierSeries:
Fourier Series: Determination of Fourier coefficients Fourier series Even and odd
functionsFourierseriesinanarbitraryintervalEvenandoddperiodiccontinuationHalfrangeFouriersineandcosineexpansions.

[5]

Unit5
Partial DifferentialEquations:
Formationofpartialdifferentialequationsbyeliminationofarbitraryconstantsandarbitrary
functionsSolutionsoffirstorderlinear(Lagrange)equationandnonlinear(standardtype)
equations.
MethodofseparationofvariablesClassificationofsecondorderlinearpartialdifferential
equations,Solutionsofonedimensionalheatequation,WaveequationandtwodimensionalLaplacesequation underinitialandboundaryconditions.

[10]

Unit6
FourierTransforms
FourierintegraltheoremFouriersineandcosineintegrals.FouriertransformsFouriersine
andcosinetransformsPropertiesInversetransformsFiniteFouriertransforms.

[5]

TUTORIAL:
1. Tutorialaretobeusedtogetenoughpractice.
2. In each tutorial make a group of 20 students and for each group minimum
10problemsaretobegivenoneachtopic.

TEXTBOOKS:
1. T. K. V. Iyengar, B. Krishna Gandhi andOthers, AText Book of Engineering
Mathematics,Vol-II,S.ChandandCompany.
2. C.Sankaraiah,ATextBookofEngineeringMathematics,V.G.S.BookLinks.
3. ShahnazBathul,ATextBookofEngineeringMathematics,PrenticeHallofIndia
Ltd,NewDelhi.
4. P. Nageshwara Rao, Y. Narasimhuluand N. Prabhakar Rao, A Text Book of
EngineeringMathematics,DeepthiPublications.
5. ATextBookofEngineeringMathematics,ThomsonBookCollection.

REFERENCEBOOKS:
1.B.V.Raman,ATextBookofEngineeringMathematics,TataMcGrawHill.
2. IrvinKreyszig, AdvancedEngineeringMathematics,WileyIndiaPvt.Ltd.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
2.APPLIEDTHERMODYNAMICS
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks
PracticalandOralExam:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringPhysics,EngineeringMathematics-I,EngineeringMathematics-II
CourseObjectives:
1. Tointroducestudentaboutbasicphysicsandchemistrybehindthermodynamics.
2. Tostudybasicconceptsofthermodynamicsanditsapplications.
3. Tostudyphysicalsignificanceofentropyandits application.
4. Tostudydifferenttypesofgaspowercycles.
5. Tostudygas mixturesandchemicalreactions
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Understandbasicconceptsofphysicsandchemistrybehindthermodynamics.
2. UnderstandimportanceofGaspowercycles.
3. Understandchemicalreactionsinfuelcombustion.
Unit1
[8]
IntroductionandBasicConcepts:
SI units- dimensional homogeneity in equations Systems and control volumes
TemperatureandZeroth law Forms of energy-First law of thermodynamics, Energy
conversionefficiencies-Mechanismsofheattransfer(basicconcepts)-Puresubstanceandits phasesIdealgasequationofstate-Compressibilityfactor-Realequationsofstate(onlyintroductory
information)
Unit2
Energy AnalysesofSystems
Closed systems: Moving boundary work - Energy balance for closedsystems - Internal
energy, Enthalpies and specific heats of idealgases, Solids and liquids. Open systems:
Conservationofmass,Flowwork,Conservationofenergy,Steadyflowenergyequation.

[7]

Unit3
SecondLawofThermodynamics
Thermal efficiency of heat engines Kelvin-Planck statement and Clausius statement Perpetualmotionmachines- Reversibleandirreversibleprocesses-Carnotcycle.

[4]

Unit4[4]
Entropy
Increaseofentropyprinciple-isentropicprocess-T-D-Srelationsandentropychangeof
ideal gases Isentropic efficiencies of steady flow devices - Exergy (only introductory
information)

Unit5
GasPowerCycles
TheCarnotcycleand its valuein engineering-Ottocycle-Dieselcycle-StirlingandEricsson
cycle-Brayton cycle-Idealjetpropulsioncycles Modificationstoturbojetengines

[7]

Unit6
[10]
Gas MixturesandChemicalReactions
MassfractionandmolefractionP-V-TbehaviorofidealgasmixturesPropertiesofideal
gasmixtures,Chemicalreactions:Fuelsincombustion-Enthalpyofformationandenthalpy
of
combustion- First law analysis of reacting systems (steady flow systems and closed systems)
AdiabaticflametemperatureEntropychangeofreactingsystemsComplex
chemical
equilibriumcomposition(basicconcept)
TERMWORK:
1. Significanceandrelevanceoflubricationproperties
2. Testongreasepenetrometerofdroppingpointapparatus
3. Testoncarbonresidue
4. Testoncloudandpourpointapparatus
5. TestonRedwoodviscometerandAnilinepointapparatus
6.Determinationofflashpointand firepointoflubricantoil.
7. TestonBombcalorimetertofindC.V.
8. Studyanddemonstrationofaircompressor.
9. Industrialvisit
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Nag P. K, Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 6th
Edition,1995.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. Michael Moran, J., and Howard Shapiro, N., Fundamentals of Engineering
th
Thermodynamics,JohnWileyandSons,NewYork,4 Edition,2000
2. RaynerJoelandAddisonWesley,BasicEngineeringThermodynamics,NewYork,
5thEdition,1996
3. Holman,J.P.,Thermodynamics,TataMcGrawHill,NewDelhi,4thEdition,1998
4. Rathakrishnan.E,FundamentalsofEngineeringThermodynamics,Prentice
Hall,India,2000.
5. Yunus A. Cengel and Michael A. Boles, Thermodynamics an Engineering
Approach,McGrawHillHigherEducation,7th Edition,2011.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
3.FLUIDMECHANICS
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks
PracticalandOralExam:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringPhysics,BasicMechanicalEngineering.
CourseObjectives:
1. ToidentifyvariouspropertiesoffluidsandtheirSIunits.
2. Tostateandillustrate fundamentalsofFluidStatics,KinematicsandDynamics.
3. ToidentifyandexplainthefluidpropertiesandconceptsofBoundarylayer,Dragand
Liftforce
4. TostudyuseofBernoullisequation forvariousapplications.
5. TounderstandthePhysicsoffluidflowanditsapplications.
6. TogetconversantwithHydrodynamics.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
6. Understandpropertiesof fluids andclassificationofflows
7. Formulateandsolveequationsofthecontrolvolume forfluidflowsystems
8.
Calculateresistancetoflowofincompressiblefluidsthroughclosedconduitsandoversurfa
ces
9. Applyfundamentalsofcompressiblefluidflowstorelevantsystems
Unit1
Fluid PropertiesandFundamentalsofFlow
Briefhistoryoffluidmechanics-Fluidsandtheir properties-Continuum,Density,Viscosity,
Surface tension, Compressibility and bulk modulus, Concept of pressure. Fluid statics Pascal'slaw,Hydrostaticlaw-PiezometricheadManometry.

[7]

Unit2
[8]
LawsofConservation
Lagrangian and Eulerian description of fluid flow, Types of fluid flow, Streamlines,
pathlines,andstreaklines,SystemandControlvolumeconcept-Continuity,Momentumand
energyequationsanditsapplications,Velocitypotentialfunctionandstreamfunction,Vortex
flow,BernoullisequationApplicationthroughvariousexamplesincludingflowmeasuring devices
Orificemeter,Venturimeter,Pitottube.
Unit3
Dimensionalanalysis
DimensionalAnalysis-,BuckinghamPi-theorem,Derivationsandapplicationsofimportant
dimensionlessnumbers,Basicmodelingandsimilitude.

[5]

Unit4
Fluid FlowinClosedConduicts

[6]

Viscousfluidflow-Laminarandturbulentflow,Hagen-Poiseuilleflowincircularpipes,
Developmentofflowinpipes,Pipefriction,DarcyWeisbachequationandChezy'sformula,Pipelosses-MajorandMinorlossesProblemsofparallel,series andbranchedpipes.
Unit5
Fluid FlowoverBodies
Boundarylayertheory-Boundarylayerdevelopmentonaflatplate,Displacementthickness,
Momentumthickness,Energythickness,Momentumintegralequation,DragonflatplateNatureofturbulence,Separationofflowoverbodies-Streamlinedandbluffbodies,Liftand
oncylinderandaerofoil.

[7]

Unit6
Hydrodynamics
Streamfunction,Velocitypotential,Relationbetweenstreamfunctionandvelocitypotential,
BasicelementaryflowsSource,Sink,Freeandforcedvortex,Uniformparallelflowand
theircombinations,Pressureandvelocitydistributionsonbodieswithandwithoutcirculation
inidealandrealfluidflows.

[7]

drag

TERMWORK:
MinimumTENExperimentsbasedonthetopicsgivenbelow.(Experiment2,10and11are compulsory)
1. Studyanddemonstrationofpressuremeasuringdevicesandflowmeasurementusingmeasuring
tank.
2. Flowvisualizationofplottingofstreamlines(HeleshawApparatus)
3. VerificationofBernoullisequation.
4. MeasurementofcoefficientofdischargefoeagivenVenturimeter/Orificemeter.
5. Demonstrationofcoefficientoffrictionfordifferentmaterialpipes.
6. Reynoldsexperiment.
7. Determinationofminorlosses.
8. Verificationofdischargeequationforparallelpipe.(Q=Q1+Q2+Q3+)
9. Verificationofheadlossequationforseriespipe.
10.Trialonwindtunnelformeasurementofliftanddrag.
11.StudyofMagnuseffectoncircularandaerofoilbody.(StudyType)
12.DemonstrationonfluidflowusingCFDtools.
TEXTBOOKS:
1.Kumar,K.L.,FluidMechanics,TataMcGraw-Hill,NewDelhi,2ndEdition,2000.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. Douglas.J.F.,Gasiorek andSwaffield,FluidMechanics,ELBS/Pitman.U.K.,3rd
Edition,1995.
2. Potter,M.C.andWiggert,D.C.,MechanicsofFluids,PrenticeHallofIndia,New
Delhi,2ndEdition,1997.
3. Bedford,K.W.andWylie,E.Benjamin,FluidMechanics,Streeter,Victor,Tata
McGrawHill,NewDelhi,2ndEdition,1997.
4. Irving H.Shames,FluidMechanics,McGraw-Hill,3rd Edition,1992.
5. RobertW.FoxandAlanT.McDonald,IntroductiontoFluidMechanics,John
th
WileyandSons,Inc.,U.K,5 Edition,1998.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
4.ELEMENTSOFAERONAUTICS
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringPhysics,BasicMechanicalEngineering.
CourseObjectives:
1. Tointroducevarioustypesof aircraftconfigurations.
2. TointroduceprinciplesofFlightandAerodynamics.
3. TointroduceAirplaneStructures andMaterials.
4. TostudyofPowerPlantsusedinAirplanes
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Understandvarioustypesofaircraftconfigurations.
2. UnderstandprinciplesofFlightandAerodynamics.
3. Selectdifferentmaterialsforvarious aircraftstructure.
Unit1
AircraftConfigurations:
Brief history-Components of an airplane and their functions. Different types of flight
vehicles,Classifications.Basicinstruments forflying.

[5]

Unit2
IntroductiontoPrinciplesofFlight:
Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere, Temperature, pressure and altitude
relationships,Evolutionoflift,Dragandmoment.Differenttypesofdrag.

[7]

Unit3
IntroductiontoAerodynamics:
Aerodynanic forces on aircraft Classification of NACA aerofoils, Aspect ratio,
Wingloading, Mach number, Centre of pressureand aerodynamic centre, Aerofoil
characteristicslift andDragcurves.

[8]

Unit4
IntroductiontoAirplaneStructures:
General typesof construction,Monocoque, Semi-monocoque. Typicalwingandfuselage
structure.

[6]

Unit5
IntroductiontoAirplaneMaterials
Metallicandnon-metallicmaterials,UseofAluminiumalloy,Titanium,Stainlesssteeland
compositematerials.

[5]

Unit6
PowerPlantsusedinAirplanes:
Basicideasaboutpiston,TurbopropandJetengines,Useofpropellerandjetsforthrust
production,Principlesofoperationofrocket,Typesofrockets.

[9]

TERMWORK:
MinimumTENassignmentsbasedonthe abovetopics.
TEXTBOOKS:
1.Anderson,J.D.,IntroductiontoFlight,McGraw-Hill,7thEdition,2011
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. Kermode,A.C.,FlightwithoutFormulae,PearsonEducationLtd,5thEdition,2007.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
5. MECHANICSOFSOLIDS
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:4Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringMechanics.
CourseObjectives:
1.
Togainknowledgeofdifferenttypesofstresses,strainsanddeformationinducedinmechani
calcomponentsduetoexternalloads.
2. Tostudythedistributionofvariousstressesinthemechanicalelements.
3. To study the effect of component dimensions and shape on stresses and deformations.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Demonstratefundamentalknowledgeaboutvarioustypesofloadingandstressesinduced.
2. DrawSFDandBMDfordifferenttypesofloadsandsupportconditions.
3. Computeandanalyzestressesinducedinmechanicalcomponents.
4. Analyzebucklingandbendingphenomenonincolumnsandbeams.
Unit1
[8]
SimpleStressesandStrain:
IntroductiontoconceptsofStress,Strain,StrainenergydensityatapointandHookeslaw,
Stressstraindiagramsofmildsteel,workingstress,Factorofsafety,Lateralstrain,Elasticlimit,Yieldpoint,Elasticmoduliandanalysisofaxiallyloadedprismaticbars,Pois
onsratio,Volumetric strain- Determination of axial load diagrams. Deflections and stresses in
determinate andindeterminate uniform / Non Uniform / Composite bars subjected todistributed
andconcentratedloads, Temperature stresses, Resilience, Gradual, Sudden,Impact
andShockingloads.
Unit2
[8]
ShearForceandBendingMomentDiagrams:
DefinitionofbeamTypesofbeamsConceptandconventionsofshearforceandbending
momentShearforceandbendingmomentdiagramsforcantilever,Simplysupportedand
overhangingbeamssubjectedtopointloads,Uniformlydistributedloads,Uniformlyvarying
loadsandtheircombinations-PointofcontraflexureRelationsbetweendistributed
load(loading),Shearforceandbendingmomentdiagramsandrateofloadingatasectionofabeam.
Unit3
FlexuralandShearStresses:
TheoryofsimplebendingAssumptionsDerivationofbendingequation:M/I=f/y=E/R
Neutral axis Determination of bending stresses Section modulus of rectangular and

[10]

circularsections(SolidandHollow),I,T,AngleandChannelsections
Stressincompositebeamsusingequivalentwidthconceptsanditslimitations.Designofsimplebeamsec
tions.Derivation, formula for shear stress distribution across various beam sections like
Rectangular,Circular,Triangular,T,IandAnglesections.
Unit4
[8]
AnalysisofPin-JointedPlaneFrames
Determinationofforcesinmembersofplane,Pinjointed,Perfecttrussesbymethodofjoints
andmethodofsections.Analysisofvarioustypesofcantileverandsimplysupportedtrusses- by method
ofjoints,methodofsections andtensioncoefficientmethods.
Unit5
[9]
DeflectionofBeams
BendingintoacirculararcSlope,Deflectionandradiusofcurvature-Differentialequation
forelasticlineofabeam-DoubleintegrationandMacaulaysmethods-Determinationof
slopeanddeflectionforcantileverandsimplysupportedbeamssubjectedtopointloads,uniformlydistri
butedloads,uniformlyvaryingload.Mohrstheorems-Momentareamethodapplication
to
simplecasesincludingoverhangingbeams.
Unit6
[9]
ThinandThickcylinders
Thinseamlesscylindricalshells-Derivationofformulaforlongitudinalandcircumferential
stresses-Hoop,LongitudinalandVolumetricstrains-Changesindiameter,andvolumeofthincylindersRivetedboilershells-Thinsphericalshells.Thickcylinders-LamesequationCylinderssubjected
toinsideandoutsidepressures-Compoundcylinders.
TERMWORK:
1.Directtensiontest
2.Bendingteston
a)Simplysupportedbeamb)
Cantileverbeam
3.Torsiontest
4.Hardnesstest
a)Brinellshardnesstest
b) Rockwellhardnesstest
5.Testonsprings
6.Compressiontestoncube
7.Impacttest
8.Punchsheartest
TEXTBOOKS:
1. ByarsEF.,SnyderR.D,.plantsH.L.andHarperRow,StrengthofMaterials,
Publishers,4thEdition,1983.
2. GereJ.MandBarryGoodno,MechanicsofMaterials,CengageLearningLtd,8th
Edition.
3. F.P.Beer,E.R.JohnstonandJ.T.Dewolf,MechanicsofMaterials,TataMcGraw
Hill,4thEdition,2004.
4.
R.S.KhurmiandN.Khrmi,StrengthofMaterials,S.ChandandcompanyPvt.Ltd.,Delhi,Rev
isedEdition,2013.
5.

Dr.B.C.Punmia,AshokKumarJain,ArunKumarJain,MechanicsofMaterials,LaxmiPubli
cationsPvt.Ltd.,2001

REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. G.H.Ryder,StrengthofMaterials,MacmilanIndiaLtd.,3rd Edition,2008.
2. NashW.A.,StrengthofMaterialsTataMcgrawHillPublishingCompanyLtd.,4th
Edition,2007.
3. PopovE.P,NagarajanS.CandLuz.,MechanicsofMaterials,PrenticeHallof
nd
IndiaPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,2 Edition.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
6.PROFESSIONALSKILLDEVELOPMENT
TeachingScheme:
Lecture:1Hr.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:ProfessionalCommunication-IandProfessionalCommunication-II
CourseObjective:
To enable learners to speak fluently and flawlessly in all kinds of communicative
Contextswithspeakersofallnationalities.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Speakconfidentlywith anyspeakersofEnglish,includingnativespeakers,
2. SpeakeffortlesslyindifferentcontextsInformal andformal,
3. Thinkonfeetevenindifficultcircumstances,
4. Holdinterestingandmeaningfulconversationswithothers,includingstrangers,andlisten
tootherswithutmostattention.
Unit1
PersonalCommunication:
Day-to-day conversationwith familymembers, Neighbors, Relatives, Friends on various
topics,ContextspecificAgreeing/disagreeing,Wishing,Consoling,Advising,Persuading,
Expressing opinions,Arguing.

[2]

Unit2
[2]
SocialCommunication:
Telephonecalls(official),Colleaguesintheworkspot,Discussingissues(Social,Political,
Cultural)Clubs(anySocialGathering),Answeringquestions,Talkingaboutfilms,Books,Newsitems,
T.V.programmes,Sharingjokes.
Unit3
[2]
Group/MassCommunication:
Groupdiscussion(brainstorming),Debate,Paneldiscussion,Anchoring/masterofceremony,
Welcome address,Proposingvoteof thanks, Introducingspeakers,Conductingmeetings,Making
announcements, Just-a-minute (JAM), Block and tackle, Shipwreck, Spoof,
Conductingquiz,Negotiations,Oralreports.
Unit4
IntegratedSpeaking
Listeningto speak(anyradioprogramme /lecture), Readingto speak, Writingto speak,
Watchingtospeak(anyinterestingprogrammeonTV),Readingaloud any text/speech,

[2]

Unit5
PresentationSkills
Lecturing,PowerPointpresentation,Interviewsofdifferentkinds(onetoone,Manytoone,
Stressinterview,Telephonicinterview)

[2]

Unit6
[4]
EmployabilityandCorporateSkills
Interview skills Types of interview, Preparation forinterview, Mock interview. Group
Discussion Communication skills inGroup Discussion, Structure of GD, GD Process,
successful
GDtechniques,SkillsboughtoutinGDLeadershipandcoordination.Timemanagementandeffective
planning
Identifyingbarriers
toeffective
timemanagement,
Prudenttimemanagementtechniques,
Relationshipbetweentime
managementandstressmanagement.StressmanagementCausesandeffect,Copingstrategies
Simplephysicalexercises,SimpleYogaandMeditationtechniques,Relaxationtechniques,Stressandf
aithhealing,Positiveforcesofnature,Relaxationbysilenceandmusic.Decisionmakingand
Negotiationskills,Peopleskills,Teamwork,Developmentofleadershipqualities.
TERMWORK:
MinimumTENassignmentsbasedontheabovetopicsandapresentationonaNon-technical
subject.
TEXTBOOKS:
1. SanjayKumarandPushplata, CommunicationSkills,OxfordUniversityPress,1st
Edition,2011
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1.RichardDenny,CommunicationtoWin,KoganPageIndiaPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,
2008.
3. Listening to / watching great speeches such as TED talk TV channels (News,
Documentaries)

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
7.AIRCRAFTCOMPONENTDRAWING
TeachingScheme:
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TermWork:50Marks
OralExam:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringGraphics
CourseObjectives:
1. Tostudythe BISconventions usedinmachinedrawing
2. Tostudythe functionofvariousmachinecomponents
3. TostudyofsimpleAircraftassemblydrawings.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Use BISconventionsinmachinedrawings
2. Sketchthevariousmachinecomponents
3. UnderstandsimpleAircraftassemblydrawings.
TERMWORK:
Minimumtendrawingsheets(Atleastthree from eachunit)
Unit1
Machine Drawing conventions. Need for drawings conventions Introduction to BISConventions
a.
Conventionalrepresentationofmaterials,CommonmachineelementsandpartssuchasScrews
,Nuts,Bolts,Keys,Gears,Webs,Ribs
b. TypesofsectionsSelectionofsectionalplanesanddrawing
ofsectionsandauxiliarysectionalviews.
c. Partsnotusuallysectioned
d. Methodsofdimensioning,Generalrulesforsizesandplacementofdimensionsfor
Holes,Centres,CurvedandTaperedfeatures
e. Titleboxes,theirsize,locationanddetailsCommonabbreviationsandtheirliberalusage.
f. TypesofdrawingWorkingdrawing formachineparts
Unit2
Drawingofmachineelementsandsimpleparts.Sectionofviews,Additionalviewsforthe
followingmachineelementsandpartswitheverydrawingproportion
a. Popular formsofScrewthreads,Bolts,Setscrews andBoltedjoints.b.
Keys,CotterjointandKnucklejoint
c. Rivetedjoints forplates.
d. Shaftcouplings,SpigotandSocketpipejoint.e.
Journal,Pivot,CollarandFootstepbearing
f. Weldedjointsandweldingsymbols.
Unit3
FollowingsimpleAircraftassemblydrawingsonly.

a)Differenttypesoftrussesusedinwingsfuselage including
Ribs,Stringers,Skin,Brackets.b)Differentelementsoffuselagestructures,bulkhead,rings(frame)lon
girons
c)Differenttypesoffuselage.
d)Landinggearbasicelements,Structuralbrackets,Wheel,ShockabsorberandHydrauliccylinder
e)Connectingrodfor aeropistonengine
TEXTBOOKS:
1. N.D. Bhat and V.M. Panchal, Machine Drawing, Charotar Publication House
Anand,42ndEdition,2007.
2. Megson, Air Craft Structures, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd. 2nd
Edition,2007.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. K.L.Narayana,P.KannaiahandK.VenkataReddy,MachineDrawing,NewAge
nd
InternationalPublishers,Mumbai,2 Edition,2002.
2. Bruhn.E.HAirCraftStructures,
3. P.S.Gill.,S.K.KatariaandSons,MachineDrawingNewDelhi,7thEdition,2008.
4. SadhuSinghandP.L.Sah,FundamentalsofEngineeringDrawing,Prentice-Hall
India,NewDelhi,11thEdition,2003.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-III
8.COMPUTERPROGRAMMINGUSINGC++
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:2Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:BasicElectronics andComputer ProgramminginC.


CourseObjectives:
1.

Todevelopandenhancetheprogrammingskillsamongstthestudentsingeneralas
applicationofitinthe fieldofAeronauticalEngineering.
2. TointroduceanObjectOrientedProgrammingLanguage.

wellas

CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. DevelopalgorithmsforsolvingproblemsusingObjectOrientedLanguage.
2.
Applytheirknowledgeandprogrammingskillstosolvevariouscomputingproblemsinthefield
ofAeronauticalEngineering.
TERMWORK:
1.

AssignmentbasedonObject-OrientedProgramming:Introduction,Basicconcepts,
Benefits,Object-OrientedLanguages,Applications.
2. MinimumoneprogramonInput/Outputandarithmeticexpressions:Hierarchyof
operators,Branchingand loopcontrolstatements.
3. Classes and Objects: Introduction, structures and classes, Declaration of class, Member
functions;Definingtheobjectofaclass;Accessingamemberofaclass;Array
ofclassobjects.MinimumthreeprogramsonStructure,ClassandObjects.
4.
UseofPointerswithArrayandFunction:Friendfunction.Minimumoneprogramonpointerswit
hArraysandFunction.
5.
Inheritance:SingleInheritance,MultilevelInheritance,MultipleInheritance,Hybrid
Inheritance,HierarchicalInheritance;Typesofbaseclasses:Direct,Indirect;Typesof
derivation:Public,Private,Protected,Virtualbaseclasses.Minimumtwo
programson
Inheritance.
6. Overloading: Function overloading with various data types, Arguments; Operator
overloading:Assignmentoperator;Arithmeticandcomparisonoperators.Minimumtwoprogr
amsonOverloading.
7. Polymorphism:
Virtual functions; Abstract base classes, Constructor under
Inheritance,DestructorunderInheritance.MinimumtwoprogramsonPolymorphism.
(*PracticalandOral:CompilationandexecutionofanyoneprogramonOOPS
concept followedbyoral)
TEXTBOOKS:
1. E.Balguruswami,ObjectOrientedProgramming,TataMcGrawHillPublishing
CompanyLtd.
2. YashwantP.Kanetkar,LetUsC++,BPBPublication, NewDelhi,11th Edition,
2011.

3. JibiteshMishraandMuktikantaSah,Object-OrientedProgramminginC++,Scitech
nd
PublicationsIndiaLtd.,2 Edition,2010.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. Alstevans,C++Programming, WileyIndiaPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,7thEdition,2007.
2. NicolaiM.Josuttis,Object-OrientedProgramminginC++,Wiley-DreamtechIndia
Pvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,1stEdition,2003.
3. SouravSahay,Object-OrientedProgrammingwithC++,OxfordUniversityPress,
Incorporated,2006.
4. NicolasA.SolterandScottJ.Kleper,ProfessionalC++,WileyIndiaPvt.Ltd.,New
Delhi.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
1.AERODYNAMICS-I
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.perweek
Tutorial:1Hr.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:AppliedThermodynamics,FluidMechanics
CourseObjectives:
1.TotakereviewofFluid Mechanics.
2.Tostudyinviscid,incompressibleflowandviscousflowandboundarylayers.
3.Tostudyincompressibleflowoveraerofoils.
4.Tostudyincompressibleflowoverwingsandbodies
5.Tointroducestudentstopropellersandpropellerdesign.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Understandinviscid,incompressibleflowandboundarylayerflow.
2. Analyzeandoptimizewingperformance.
3. ApplytheconceptsofAerodynamicstothedesignofAerospacesystems.
4. UnderstandAerodynamiccharacteristicsofAerofoilsandWings.
Unit1
[5]
ReviewofFluidMechanics:
Aerodynamics- Importance, The flow field, Fundamental aerodynamic variables,
Aerodynamic force and moment coefficients, Dimensional analysis, Flow similarity,
Classificationoffluidflows.Thecontinuity,Momentumandenergyequationsinintegralformandindiff
erentialform.Eulersequation.MethodsofdeterminationofflowAnalytical
and
Numericalmethods.
UNIT2
[10]
Inviscid,IncompressibleFlow,ViscousFlowandBoundaryLayers
Angularvelocity,Vorticityandcirculation.Kelvintheorem.Irrotationalflow.Thevelocity
potential. Stream function for two dimensional incompressible flow. Laplaces equation.
Boundary conditionsatinfinityandatthewall.Elementaryflowsandtheircombinations,Non-lifting
flowovera
circular
cylinder,
Vortex
flow,
Lifting
flow
over
a
cylinder.DAlembertsparadox.Kutta-Joukowskitheoremandgenerationoflift.Nonliftingflowoverarbitrarybodies-numericalsourcepanelmethod.Realflowoveracircularcylinder.
Roleofviscosityinfluidflow.TheNavier-Stokesequation,Boundarylayerapproximation,
Boundarylayerthickness,Growthalongaflatsurface,Laminarboundarylayers.Surfacefrictiondrag.B
oundarylayerseparation.Transition.Turbulentboundarylayers,Turbulence
modelling,Eddyviscosityandmixinglengthconcepts.Themomentumintegralequation.
Approximate solutionfor laminar, Turbulent and mixed boundary layers- Computational
methods.Thermalboundarylayer.Reynoldsanalogy.
UNIT3
IncompressibleFlowOverAerofoils:
Theoreticalsolutionsoflowspeed flowoveraerofoils-Thevortexsheetrepresentation.

[5]

TheKuttacondition.Kelvinscirculationtheoremandthestartingvortex.Thethinaerofoiltheory.
Theaerodynamic
centre. Lifting flows
over
arbitrary bodies- The
vortex
panelNumericalmethod.Aerofoildesignforprescribed
liftdistribution.Realflowoveranaerofoil,
Effect ofboundarylayertransition andsurfaceroughnessontheaerodynamicforces.
UNIT4
[10]
IncompressibleFlowOverWingsandBodies
Down wash and induced drag. The vortex filament- Biot- Savarts law, Helmholtzs
theorems.Thestarting,boundandtrailingvortices.Prandtlsclassicalliftinglinetheoryfor
unswept
wings-Determinationoflift,Vortexinduceddrag.Nonlinearlifting-line,Lifting
surfaceandVortexlatticenumericalmethods.Themechanismofliftgenerationondeltawinginsubsonic
flow.Leadingedgeextensionstowings.ThreedimensionalflowSource,
doublet,Flowoverasphere.GeneralthreedimensionalflowsPaneltechniques.Real
flow
overasphere.Asymmetricloadsonfuselageathighanglesofattack
Asymmetricvortexshedding,Wake-likeflows.Flowfield aboutaircraftathighanglesofattack.
UNIT5
[5]
AerodynamicCharacteristicsofAerofoilsandWings:
Aerodynamicforceandmomentcoefficients.Thedragpolar.Theliftcurveslope,Maximum
lift coefficient, Minimum drag coefficient, Lift drag ratio - Effect of aerofoil and wing
geometry parameters,Reynoldsnumber,Boundarylayertransitionandsurfaceroughness. NACA
aerofoils,laminar flow aerofoils, Supercritical aerofoils. Aerodynamics of dragreduction
andliftaugmentationmethods-Flapsystems,Leadingedgedevices,Multi-element
aerofoils,Poweraugmentedlift,Circulationcontrol,Laminarflowcontrol,Winglets.
UNIT6
[5]
Propellers:
Geometryof the propeller, Rankine -Froudemomentumtheoryof propulsion,Airscrew
coefficients, Thrust, Torque,Power coefficients, Propulsive efficiency, Activity factor, Airscrew
pitch;Geometric pitch, Experimentalmean pitch, Effect of geometricpitch onairscrew
performance,Bladeelementtheory,Thevortexsystemofanairscrew,Rotational
inflowandoutflow,Performanceofabladeelement,Compressibilityeffects,Useofpropeller
charts,Propellerselection,Propellerdesign.
TERMWORK:
MinimumTENassignmentsbasedonthe abovetopics.
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Bertin, J.J and M. L. Smith,Aerodynamics for Engineers, Prentice Hall
InternationalInc.,3rdEdition,1998.
2. J.D. Anderson Jr., Fundamentals of Aerodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill, Revised
Edition,2010.
3. Kuethe.A.M.andChowC,FoundationsofAerodynamics,WileyPublicationsLtd,
5thEdition,1998.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. Kuchemann.D.,TheAerodynamicDesignofAircraft,Pergamon,1978.
2. Shevell,R.S.,FundamentalsofFlight,Pearson EducationPublicationsLtd,2004,
3. McCormick,B.W.,Aerodynamics,AeronauticsandFlightMechanics,JohnWiley,
2ndEdition,1995.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
2.AIRCRAFTPRODUCTIONTECHNOLOGY
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:4Hrs.perweek
Tutorial:1Hr.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:BasicMechanicalEngineering
CourseObjectives:
1. TointroduceManufacturingProcesses.
2. TointroducevariousmethodsofWeldingandBondingTechniques.
3. TostudyvariousMetalRemovalProcessesandMachinetools.
4. TointroduceSheetMetalFormingandJoiningProcesses.
5. TostudyNontraditionalMachiningProcessesandUnconventionalMachining.
6. TointroduceHeatTreatment,SurfaceFinishingandNDTTechniques.
7. TointroduceQualityControlAndAssurance
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1.UnderstandvariousManufacturingProcesses.
2.UnderstandimportanceofWeldingandBondingTechniques.
3.UnderstanddifferenttypesofSheetMetalFormingandUnconventionalMachining.
4.Understandbasicworkingprinciple,Configuration,Specificationandclassificationof
MachineTools.
5.Understand Various Heat Treatment and Surface Finishing Processes and NDT
Techniques.
6.UnderstandimportanceofQualityControlandAssurance.

Unit1
Introduction:
Classificationandcomparison(MeritsandDemerits)ofmanufacturingprocess,Criterionfor
selectionofaprocess;Generalprinciplesofvariouscastingprocesses-Sandcasting,Diecasting,Centrifugalcasting,Investment casting,Shellmouldingtypes

[6]

Unit2
WeldingandBondingTechniques:
Principlesandequipmentusedinarcwelding,Gaswelding,Resistancewelding,Thermit
welding,Recentadvancesinweldingtechnology,Solderingandbrazingtechniques.

[6]

Unit3
[14]
MachiningandSheetMetalForming
General principles (with schematic diagram only) of working and types-Lathe, Shaper,
Millingmachine,Grinding,Drillingmachine,CNCmachiningandGeneralprinciples.Sheet
metaloperations-Shearing,Punching,Dropstampforming,Advancedmetalforming(superplastic
formingand diffusion bonding). Bend correction for bending in single plane, Automation
inbendforminganddifferentoperationsinbendinglikestretchformingspinningdrawing etc.

Unit4
[14]
UnconventionalMachining,HeatTreatmentandSurfaceFinishing:
Principles (with schematic diagram only) of working and applications of Abrasive jet
machining,Ultrasonicmachining,Electricdischargemachining,Electrochemicalmachining, Laser
beam/electron beam/plasma arc machining Heat treatment of Aluminium alloys,
Titaniumalloys,Steels,Casehardening,Initialstressesandthestressalleviationprocedures. Corrosion
prevention,Protective treatment for aluminium alloys, Steels, Anodizing ofTitanium alloys,
Organiccoating,and Thermal spray coatings. Grinding and Polishing,Burnishing,Lapping.
Unit5
[8]
AircraftAssembly,QualityControlandAssurance:
Aircraft Tooling Concepts, Jigs, Fixtures, Stages of assembly, Types and equipment for
rivetedjoints,Boltedjoints.ConceptsanddefinitionsofQuality,Reliability,Qualitycircles,Zerodefect
program:Internationalstandards,Six-sigmaquality.
Unit6
NDTandOtherInspectionTechniques:
Dyepenetranttest,X-ray,MagneticparticleandUltrasonictesting.AcousticHolography.
TERMWORK:
MinimumTENassignmentsbasedonthe abovetopics.

TEXTBOOKS:
1. KeshuS.C,GanapathyK.K.,AircraftProductionTechniques,InterlinePublishing
House,Banglore,1993
2. SeropeKalpakajian,ManufacturingEngineeringandTechnology,AddisonWesley
rd
PublicationCompany,3 Edition,1995.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. R.K.Jain,ProductionTechnology,KhannaPublishers,NewDelhi,15thEdition,1995.
2. O.P.Khanna,ProductionTechnology,DhanpatRaiPublications,NewDelhi,Reprint
Edition,2005.

[4]

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
3. MATERIALSCIENCEANDENGINEERING
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks
OralExam:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringPhysics,Engineering Chemistry
CourseObjectives:
1. ToacquaintstudentswiththebasicconceptsofMetalStructure
2. ToimpartafundamentalknowledgeofFerrous andNonFerrousMetal
Processing
3. Toselect MetalsandAlloysforvariousapplications
4. ToknowfundamentalsofMetallography
5. TodevelopfuturisticinsightintoMetals
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Understandbasicconceptofmetalstructure.
2. DifferentiatebetweenFerrousandNonFerrousMetal.
3. DoselectionofMetalsandAlloysfordifferentapplication.
4. UnderstandneedofHeattreatment andvariousHeattreatmentprocesses.
Unit1

[6]

Atomicstructureofmetals:Crystalstructure,Crystallatticeof(i)BodyCentredCubic(ii)Face Centred
Cubic (iii)Closed Packed
Hexagonal, CrystallographicNotation of atomic planesand
directions(MillerIndices),Polymorphismandallotropy,Crystalimperfection.
Unit2

[6]

Theoriesofplasticdeformation.Phenomenonofslip,Twinning anddislocation.Identification
crystallographicpossibleslipplanesanddirectioninFCC,BCC,HCP.Recoveryand
recrystallization,Preferredorientationcauses andeffectsonthepropertyofmetals.
Unit3

of

[10]

Classificationofengineeringmaterials.Solidificationofmetalsandofsometypicalalloys:
Mechanismofcrystallisation(i)Nuclearformation(ii)Crystalgrowth.Generalprinciplesof
Phasetransformationinalloys,Phaseruleandequilibriumdiagrams,Equilibriumdiagramof
binarysystemhavingcompletemutualsolubilityinliquidstateandlimitedsolubilityinsolidstate,Binar
yisomorphousalloysystem,Hume-Rotheryrule,Binarysystemwithlimitedsolid
solubilityofterminalphaseandinwhichsolubilitydecreaseswithtemperatureandalsoalloywithaperite
ctictransformation.Equilibriumdiagramofasystemwhosecomponentsaresubjecttoallotropicchang
e.IroncarbonEquilibriumdiagram,Phasetransformationinthe
ironcarbondiagram(i)FormationofAustenite(ii)Transformationofausteniteintopearlite(iii)Martens
itetransformationinsteel,TTTcurves.
Unit4

[8]

Engineering properties and their measurements.Principles and applications of Annealing,


Normalising, Hardening, Tempering.Recovery and Recrystallization. Hardenability -Its
measures, Variables,EffectingHardenability,MethodsfordeterminationofHardenability.

Over-heatedandBurntsteel,itscausesandremedies.TemperbrittlenessItscausesandremedies.Basicprinciplesinvolvedinheattreatmentofplaincarbonsteel,Alloysteels,Cas
tironandNon-ferrousmetalsandtheiralloys.Chemicalheattreatmentofsteels:Physicalprinciples
involvedin chemical heat treatment procedure for Carburizing, Nitriding,Cyaniding,Carbonitriding ofsteel.
Unit5

[6]

Effectsproducedbyalloyingelementonthestructuresandpropertiesofsteel,Distributionof alloying
elements(Si,Mn,Ni,Cr,Mo,Co,W,Ti,Al)insteel,Structuralclassesofsteel,Classificationofsteels,BIS
standards.
Unit6

[4]

Fibrereinforcedplasticcomposites:Variousfibresandmatrixmaterials,Basiccomposite
manufacturingmethods,Applicationsofcompositematerials.
TERMWORK:
1. Studyofengineeringmaterialsandcrystalsstructures.StudyofmodelsBCC,FCC,
HCPandstackingsequence,Tetrahedralandoctahedralvoids.
2. Tocalculatetheeffectivenumberofatoms,Co-ordinationnumber,Packingfactors,
C/AratioforHCPstructure.
3. Studyofbrittleandductilefracture.
4. Topreparemetallicsamplesformetallographicexaminationandtostudy theprincipleand
constructionofthemetallurgicalmicroscope.
5. Studyof the followingmicro structures:Hypo,HyperandEutectoidSteel,
Grey,White,NodularandMalleableCastIron.
6. Annealingofsteel-Effectofannealingtemperaturesandtimeonhardness.
7. Study of microstructure and hardness of steel at different rates of cooling.
Microstructureexaminationofwhitecastiron.
8. Hardeningofsteel,Effectofquenchingmediumonhardness.
9. Effectofcarbonpercentageonthehardnessofsteel.
10.Studyofvarious crystalstructures anddislocationsthroughmodels.
11.Studyofironcarbonequilibriumdiagramandsketchthevariousstructurespresentatroomtemperature.
TEXTBOOKS:
1.
S.H.Avner,IntroductiontoPhysicalMetallurgy,McgrawHillBookCompanyInc,Edition,2
nd
,1974.
2. Vijendrasingh,PhysicalMetallurgy,StandardPublishersDelhi
th
3. W.DCallister,MaterialScienceand Engineering,WileyIndiaPvt.Ltd.,5 Edition.
4. V.D.Kodgire,MaterialScienceandMetallurgyForEngineers,EverestPublishers
Pune,12thEdition.
5.
T.V.Rajan/C.P.Sharma,HeatTreatmentsPrinciplesandPractices,PrenticeHallofIndiaPvt
Ltd,NewDelhi,
6. VRaghwan.,MaterialScienceandEngineering,PrenticeHallofIndiaPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,3rd
Edition,1995.
RFERENCEBOOKS:
1.R.A. Higgins, Engineering Metallurgy, Viva Books Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1st
Edition,1998
2.D.S.Clark,W.R.Varney,PhysicalMetallurgyforEngineers,ANEastWestPress
Pvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,2ndEdition,1962

3.J.L. Smith and S.C. Bhatia, Heat Treatment of Metals, CBS Publishers and
Distributors,NewDelhi,1stEdition,2008.
S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
4.APPLIEDNUMERICALMETHODS
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.perweek
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringMathematics-I,IIandIII.
CourseObjectives:
1.Tointroducenumericalmethods forsolving linearandnon-linearequations.
2.Toapplytheknowledgeofthesemethodstosolvepracticalproblemswith suitablesoftware.
3.Tointroducenumericalmethods forevaluatingdefiniteintegrals.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Identify,classifyandchoosethemostappropriatenumericalmethodfor solvingaproblem.
2. Solvethemechanicalengineeringproblemsusingsoftwares.
Unit1
A. Errors:Introduction,Typesof errors,Rules
forestimateerrors,Errorpropagation,Errorintheapproximationoffunction
B. RootsofEquation:
a.Bracketingmethod:Bisectionmethod,Falsepositionmethod
b.Openmethod:NewtonRaphsons,Multipleroots,Iteration systemofnon-linear
equations,Secantmethod.
C. Rootsofpolynomial:Mullersmethod

[7]

Unit2

[5]
LinearAlgebraicEquation:

1. Gausseliminationmethod-NaveGausselimination,Pitfallsofelimination,
techniquesofimprovingsolutions,Gauss-Jordanmethod
2. MatrixInvention-LUdecomposition,GaussSedial,Jacobi iterationmethod
Unit3
A. CurveFitting:
i. LeastsquareregressionLinearregression,Polynomialregression
ii. InterpolationNewtonsdivideddifference,Interpolatingpolynomial,
Languagesinterpolatingpolynomial

[8]

B. Statistics:
Meanandstandarddeviation,Additionandmultiplicationlaws,Probabilities,
Binomial,Poissonandnormaldistribution.
Unit4

[7]
NumericalDifferentiationandIntegration
a. Newtonscotesintegrationofequation:Trapezoidalrule,Simpsonsrule,Integration
unequalsegments.
b. Integrationofequation:RombergsintegrationandGaussquadrature.
c. Numerical differentiation, Differentiation formulae, Richardson extrapolation,
Derivation of unequally spaced data, Forward difference, Central difference,
Backwarddifference.

Unit5

[6]
OrdinaryDifferentialEquation:

a. Taylorsseriesmethod,Picardsmethod,RungeKuttamethod,Eulersmethod,Improvedpolygonmethod,Systemofequation
b. BoundaryvalueandEigenvalueproblem,Shootingmethod,FiniteDifference
method,Eigenvalueproblembasedonpolynomialmethod,Powermethod.
Unit6

[7]
PartialDifferentialEquation:

a. FiniteDifference Ellipticalequation,Laplacesequation,Liebmensmethod,
Secondaryvariables,Boundarycondition.
b. FiniteDifference-Parabolicequation,Explicitmethod-Bender-Schmidtmethod,Implicit
method-Crank Nicolsonmethod
(NonumericaltreatmentonCrankNicolsonmethod)
TERMWORK:
Students areexpectedtosolve atleasttwoproblemsofdifferentmethodbydeveloping
computerprogramsoneachunit.(Algorithm,Flowcharts,Computercode)
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Dr. B.S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers, New
Delhi,7thEdition,2005.
2. Dr.B.S. Grewal, Numerical Methods, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 7th
Edition,2005.
3. EBalguruswamy,NumericalMethods,TataMcGrawHillPublicationCompany
Ltd.,8thEdition,2002.
4. S.Arumugam,
A.Thangapandi Isaac and A. Somasundaram, Numerical
Methods,ScitechPublicationsIndiaPvt.Ltd.,Chennai,2ndEdition,2007.

5. Dr.V.N.Vedamurthy,NumericalMethods,VikasPublication
6. G.Haribaskaran,NumericalMethods,LaxmiPublicationsPvt.Ltd,NewDelhi,
1stEdition,2006.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. S.C. Chapra, AppliedNumerical Methods with MATLAB forEngineers and
Scientists,TataMcGrawHillEducationPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,3rd Edition,2012.
2. R.L. Burden and J.D. Faires, Numerical Analysis Theory and
Applications,CengageLearningIndia Pvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,1stEdition,2005.
3. W.Y.Yang,W.CaoandJ.Morris,AppliedNumericalMethodsUsingMATLAB,Wiley
IndiaPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,1stEdition,2005.
4. WardCheney,NumericalMathematicsandComputing,CengageLearningIndia
Pvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,7thEdition.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
5.ELECTRICAL,ELECTRONICSANDCOMMUNICATIONSENGINEERING
TeachingScheme:
Lectures:3Hrs.per week
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TheoryPaper:100Marks
TermWork:25Marks

Pre-requisites:EngineeringPhysics
CourseObjectives:
1) To introduce essential Electrical and Electronics basics and applications of
electricaldrives.
2) TointroducebasicsofDigitalElectronics andTransistors.
3) StudyofDCMachines,ACMachinesandTransformers.
4) TointroducebasicsofCommunicationSystems.
5) TointroducevariousInstrumentsandMeasuringDevices.
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto:
1) Select the electricaldrivesfordifferentapplications.
2) Understandvariouselectroniccomponentsand theirapplication.
3) Selectelectricaldrivesforvariousapplications.
4) Understandbasicsofspace(Satellite)basedcommunications.
5) UnderstandbasicprincipleofIndicatingInstruments.
Unit1
[12]
ElectricalBasics
Basicdefinitions,Typesofelements,OhmsLaw,Resistive networks,KirchhoffsLaws,
Inductivenetworks,Capacitivenetworks,Series,ParallelcircuitsandStar-deltaandDelta-star
transformations.
Electronics(Semi-Conductors)Basics:
Diodeanditscharacteristics,Overviewofsemiconductors-Basicprinciple,Operationand
characteristics of PN diode- Symbol, V-I Characteristics, Zenerdiode, BJT, JFET,
Optoelectronicdevices(LDR,Photodiode,Phototransistor,Solarcell,Optocouplers);Diode
applications,Rectifiers Halfwave,FullwaveandBridgerectifiers(simpleproblems)
DigitalElectronics:
NumbersystemsBinary codes-Logicgates-Booleanalgebra,LawsandtheoremsSimplificationofBooleanexpressionImplementationofBooleanexpressionsusinglogicgatesStandardformsofBooleanexpression.
Unit2
Transistors:
PNP and NPN Junction transistor, Transistor as an amplifier, SCR characteristics and
applications

[2]

Unit3
DCMachines:

[7]

PrincipleofoperationofDCGeneratorEMFequation-TypesDCmotortypesTorqueequation
ApplicationsThreepointstarter.
ACMachines:
Principle of operation of alternators Regulation by synchronous impedance method
Principleofoperationof inductionmotorSlipTorquecharacteristicsApplications.
Unit4
Transformers:
PrincipleofoperationofsinglephasetransformersEMFequationLosses
Efficiencyandregulation

[3]

Unit5
[10]
CommunicationSystemsandSpace(Satellite) BasedCommunications:
BlockschematicofbasiccommunicationsystemFrequencyspectrum-Basebandsignals,
RFbands,Necessityofmodulation,TypesofmodulationAM,FM,Phasemodulationandpulse
digitalmodulationAM/FMtransmittersandreceivers(blockdiagramdescriptiononly)Noisetypes,Noisefigure.Introductiontoradiowavepropagation,Groundwave,
Spacewaveandskywave.HistoryofSatellitecommunication,Satellitecommunicationin
2000.Orbitaleffectsincommunicationsystemperformance.Satellitesubsystems,Attitudeand
control systems (AOCS), Telemetry, Tracking, Command and monitoring, Power systems,
Communication subsystems, Satelliteantennas, Equipment reliabilityandspacequalification.
Orbitalmechanics,Lookangledetermination,Orbitalperturbations,Orbitaldetermination,
LaunchersandLaunch vehicles, Orbital effects incommunicationsystemperformance.
Unit6
InstrumentsandMeasuringDevices:

[6]

Instruments
BasicPrincipleofindicatinginstrumentsPermanentmagnetmovingcoilandmovingiron
instruments.
CathodeRayOscilloscope
PrinciplesofCRT(CathodeRayTube),Deflection,Sensitivity,ElectrostaticandMagnetic
deflection,ApplicationsofCRO-Voltage,Currentandfrequencymeasurements.
TERMWORK:
The following experiments are required to be conducted as compulsory
experiments:
ELECTRICALENGINEERING:
ListofExperiments
1.
SwinburnestestonD.C.shuntmachine.(PredeterminationofefficiencyofagivenD.C.shuntma
chineworkingasmotorandgenerator).OCandSCtestsonsinglephase
transformer(Predeterminationofefficiencyandregulationatgivenpowerfactors)
2. Braketeston3-phaseinduction motor(Determinationofperformancecharacteristics)
3. Regulationofalternatorbysynchronousimpedancemethod.
4. SpeedcontrolofD.C.shuntmotorby
a. Armaturevoltagecontrolb.Fieldfluxcontrolmethod
5. BraketestonD.Cshuntmotor
ELECTRONICSENGINEERING:

ListofExperiments
1. TransistorCEcharacteristics(InputandOutput)
2. Fullwaverectifierwithandwithoutfilters.
3. CEamplifiers.
4. RCphaseshiftoscillator
5. ClassApoweramplifier
6. Microprocessor
COMMUNICATIONSENGINEERING:
ListofExperiments
1. PracticalimplementationofAM,FMmodulationanddemodulationschemes.
2. Establishmentofuplinkanddownlink.
TEXTBOOKS:
3. DavidV.KernsandJR.J.David,EssentialsofElectricalandComputerEngineering,
PearsonEducationPublication.
4. U.A.Bakshi and A.P.Godse, Elements of Electrical and Electronics, Technical
st
Publications,Pune,1 Edition1998.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. M.SNaiduandS.Kamakshaiah,IntroductiontoElectricalEngineering,Tata
McGrawHillPublications,
2. Kothari and Nagarath, Basic Electrical Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill
nd
Publications, 2 Edition.
3. U.A.Bakshi and V.U. Bakshi, Basic Electrical Engineering, Technical
Publications,Pune,1stEdition,2008.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV

6. INSTRUMENTATION LAB
TeachingScheme:
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TermWork:25Marks.
OralExam:25Marks

Pre-requisites: Applied Physics, Applied Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Electrical,


ElectronicsandCommunicationsEngineering
TERMWORK:
TheJournalbasedonexperimentslistedbelowistobesubmittedasapartofTerm
Work.
1.

Studyofvariouselectroniccomponents,theiridentification,symbolsandTesting:Study
ofResistances,Capacitors,Inductors,Diodes,Transistors,SCRs,ICs,Photodiode,Photo
transistor,LED,LDR,CROdemonstrationkit andPotentiometers.
2. PlotV-Icharacteristicsandmeasureopencircuitvoltageandshortcircuitcurrentofa
solarpanel.
3. Measureunknowninductancecapacitanceresistanceusing followingbridges
(a)Andersonbridge(b) Maxwellbridge.
4. Measurementofthedistancewiththehelpofultrasonictransmitterandreceiver.
5. MeasurementofdisplacementwiththehelpofLVDT.
6.
Drawthecharacteristicsofthefollowingtemperaturetransducers:(a)RTD(Pt-100)(b)
Thermistors(c)Thermocouple
7. Drawthecharacteristicsbetweentemperature andvoltageofKtypethermocouple.
8. Measurementofstrain/forcewiththehelpofstraingaugeloadcell.
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Beckwith and Buck, Mechanical Measurement, Pearson Education Asia, 5th
Edition,2001.
2. D.S.Kumar,MechanicalMeasurementandControlMetropolitanBookCo.Pvt.
Ltd.,NewDelhi,4thEdition,2007.
3. Shirohi and Radha Krishnan H.C., Mechanical Measurements, New Age
International,NewDelhi,3rdEdition,2007.
4. Kannaiah,EngineeringPracticesLaboratory,ScitechPublication.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. Doebelin Emesto, Measurement Systems, Tata McGraw Hill International
PublicationCo.NewYork,4thEdition,1990
2. A.K.SawhneyandP.Sawhney,MechanicalMeasurementandControl,Dhanpat
RaiandCompanyPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,12thEdition,2010.
3. Richard S. Figliola, Donald E. Beasley, Theory and Design for Mechanical
Measurements,WileyIndiaEdition.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
7.COMPUTERAIDEDDRAFTINGLAB
TeachingScheme:
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TermWork:50Marks.

Pre-requisites:EngineeringGraphics,AircraftComponentDrawing
CourseObjectives:
1. TounderstandimportanceofCADtool
2. Todevelopanabilitytocreate2-Ddrawings
3. Todevelopanabilitytocreate 3-Dmodelsofmachinecomponents
4. Todevelopanabilitytocreateassemblyofsimplemachinecomponents
CourseOutcomes:Attheendofthis course,studentwillbeableto
1. Analyzeandinterpretdesigndata.
2. Draw2Ddrawings and3Dmodels.
3. Usemodernengineeringtechniques,toolsandskillsforengineeringpractice.
Unit1
FundamentalsofCADandDesignprocess
Unit2
GeometricModeling
-2DDrawings:Points,Lines,Curves,andplanes
-3DDrawings:Solids(Booleanoperations)
-PartDrawingsandDimensioning
-Partmodelingthrough2D,3Dmodelingtechniques.
UnitIII
SolidandSurfaceModeling
-2DDrawing:
-3DDrawing:
-PartDrawing andDimensioningfrom AircraftDrawing
-PartmodelingfromAircraftComponents
-SolidandSurfacemodeling.
TERMWORK:
1. Computeraideddraftingoffoursimplecomponentsandprintoutofthesame.
2. Oneassignmentondrawingofdetailsandassemblycontaining68componentswithtolerance,machiningsymboletc.andplotting thesame.
3. Oneassignmenton3-Ddrawingofonesimplecomponentandplottingits2-Dviewsalongwith
3Dobjectdrawing.
4. Redrawgivenproductiondrawingandtointerpretit.
TEXTBOOKS:

1. IbrahimZeid,CAD/CAM-TheoryandPractice, TataMcGraw-HillPublishing
CompanyPvt.Ltd.,NewDelhi,16th Edition,2005.
2. M.P.GrooverandE.W.ZimmersJr.,CAD/CAM-PrenticeHallofIndiaPvt.Ltd.
NewDelhi,18thEdition,1999.
REFERENCEBOOKS:
1. PNRao,CAD/CAMPrinciplesandApplications,TataMcGrawHillEducation
Pvt.Ltd.NewDelhi, 3rdEdition.
.

S.E.(AERONAUTICALENGINEERING)Semester-IV
8.AIRCRAFTPRODUCTIONTECHNOLOGYLAB
TeachingScheme:
Practical:2Hrs.perweek

ExaminationScheme:
TermWork:25Marks.
Practical&OralExam:25Marks

Pre-requisites:AircraftProductionTechnology
CourseObjective:
To develop and enhance the practical skills amongst the students in general as well as
applicationofitinthe fieldofAeronauticalengineering.
1. LATHE
1.1.Facing,Plainturningandstepturning
1.2.Taper turningusing compoundrest.
1.3.SinglestartVthread,Cuttingandknurling
1.4.Boringandinternalthreadcutting.
2. SHAPER
2.1.MachiningaV-block(onaShaper)
2.2.Machininghexagonalshape(onaShaper)
3. DRILLING
3.1Drilling4or6holesatagivenpitchcircleonaplate
3.2.Drilling,ReamingandTapping
4. MILLING
4.1.Plainmillingexercise
4.2.Gearmillingexercise

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Semester V

1. Aircraft Structures
Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 4 hrs / week
Practicals: 2 hrs/week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Review unsymmetrical bending
2 Enable the aircraft structure with its classification
3 Enable knowledge on Stiffened structure
4 Enrich the knowledge on Stability of structures
5 Give knowledge on shells
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand the stresses in unsymmetrical sections with experiments
2 Have a fundamental knowledge of monocoque and semimonocoque structure, torsion and
thin walled structure with experiments
3 Understand the analysis of stiffened tubular structure, analysis multi cell, rings and
frames revlent to aircraft structure
4 Know the buckling and failures of thin walled structures
5 Have an understanding of idealization of stiffened panels.
6 Know shear centre and shear flow of multi cell.
Unit I

UNSYMMETRICAL BENDING

05

Stresses in beams of unsymmetrical sections, box beams.


Unit II

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE MONOCOQUE AND SEMIMONOCOQUE


Analysis of tubular, monocoque and semi-monocoque structures, Torsion and
flexure of thin walled boxes shear centre Flexural axis and axis of twist.

07

Unit III

ANALYSIS OF STIFFENED STRUCTURES


Idealization and analysis of stiffened tubular structures, Study of open tubes,
Analysis of multi cell tubes. Analysis of rings and frames, Applications to
aircraft structures.

08

Unit IV

STABILITY PROBLEMS
Stability problems of thin walled structures Flexural, torsional and local
failures Influence of eccentricity and in elasticity Buckling of plates and sheet
stringer combinations - crippling loads Tension field theory.

08

Unit V

SHELLS
Idealization of stiffened shells, Shear center, shear flow in thin walled multicell
box beams, effect of taper

05

Unit VI

THEORIES OF FAILURE

07

Maximum Stress theory, Maximum Strain Theory, Maximum Shear Stress,


Theory, Distortion Theory, Maximum Strain energy theory, Application to
aircraft Structural problems.
Text Books:
1 Donaldson, B.K., Analysis of Aircraft Structures An Introduction, McGraw-Hill, 1993.
2 E.F. Bruhn, Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicle Structures, Tristate Offset Co.,
1980.
3 Megson, T.M.G; Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, Edward Arnold, 1989.

Text Books:
1 Peery, D.J. and Azar, J.J., Aircraft Structures, 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York,
1993.
2 Stephen P. Tinnoshenko & S. woinowsky Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells, 2nd
Edition, McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1990.
Term Work:
List of Experiments:
1. Use of Double Dial Gauge to find the deformations of the given Material.
2.

Finding the flexibility coefficients of the given cantilever beam and verification of
Maxwells reciprocal theorem and Principle of superposition.
3. Experiment on unsymmetrical Bending of cantilever beam.
4. Experiment on combined bending of hollow circular shaft.
5. Experiment on find the shear center of the given C-section.
6. Experiment on buckling of columns and plotting of Southwells plot.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Semester V

2. Aerodynamics-II
Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs / week
Tutorial: 1 hr / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Enable the knowledge of shock waves and their properties
2 Familiarize with various flow relations and flow conditions
3 Study the various flow relations and Method of characteristics
4 Enable the knowledge of flow over wings and Airplane
5 Study the types of wind tunnels and their importance
6 Introduce the students to Aircraft designing and Analysis
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand the different forms of energy equation, shock waves and their properties.
2 Require knowledge of area-velocity relation, mass flow rate, Stagnation conditions and
various flow conditions (choked flow, over expanded, under expanded etc.)
3 Have a fundamental knowledge on supersonic flow, various equations related to the flow.
Understand method of characteristics.
4 Understand the flow over wings and airplane
5 Understand the use of wind tunnels and their applications
6 Understand the performance parameters like range, endurance, Takeoff, landing and
propellers and its types
Unit I ONE-DIMENSIONAL FLOWS
Governing equations, speed of sound and Mach number, forms of energy
equation, normal shock waves, basic equations, Hugoniot equation, calculation of
normal shock wave properties, measurement of air speed, incompressible
subsonic and supersonic flows. One-dimensional flow with heat addition,
friction- thermal and friction choking.

10

Unit II QUASI-ONE DIMENSIONAL COMPRESSIBLE FLOWS


Adiabatic flow in straight, variable area channels- nozzles, diffusers, Governing
equations, area-velocity relation, Mass flow rate, effect of stagnation conditions,
back pressure, Choked flow- isentropic flow, ideally expanded, over expanded,
under-expanded flows- appearance of normal shock- flow losses, Wave reflection
from free boundary.

05

Unit III LINEARISED SUPERSONIC FLOWS


Linearised supersonic flow- governing equations, boundary conditions. Pressure
coefficient, application to supersonic airfoils, Lift, drag, pitching moment,
symmetric and asymmetric double wedge and biconvex airfoils, General airfoil
section, Second order theory, Shock expansion technique. Supersonic airfoils,
flow, Airloads over wings of finite span- supersonic leading edge and subsonic
leading edge, Delta wings, Method of characteristics- application to supersonic

10

nozzle design

Unit IV

SUPERSONIC FLOW OVER WINGS AND AIRPLANE


CONFIGURATIONS
Three dimensional supersonic flow- governing equation and boundary
conditions, consequences of linearity, solution methods- conical flow method
rectangular, swept, delta and arrow wings, Singularity distribution method.

Unit V WIND TUNNELS

05

05

Classification of wind tunnels, subsonic and super sonic windtunnels, Tunnel


layouts and their design features, Subsonic and Supersonic tunnels, Helium and
gun tunnels, Shock tubes, Various methods of flow visualizations.
Unit VI DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AIRCRAFT
Design considerations for supersonic aircraft, Aerodynamic interaction,
Aerodynamic analysis of complete aircraft configurations in supersonic stream,
Effect of Mach number on zero lift drag of two and three dimensional shapes.
Text Books:
1 Bertin, J.J., Aerodynamics for Engineers, 4th Ed., Indian reprint, Pearson Education,
2004, ISBN: 81-297-0486-2
2 Anderson, J.D., Modern Compressible Flow with Historical Perspective, 3rd Ed.
McGraw-Hill, 2003, ISBN: 0-07-112161-7.
3 KrooI.,Applied Aerodynamics: A Digital Textbook, Desktop Aeronautics Inc.,
Reference Books:
1 Liepmann, H.W., and Roshko, A., Elements of Gas Dynamics, John Wiley, 1957.
2 McCormick, B.W., Aerodynamics, Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics, 2nd Ed., John
Wiley, 1995, ISBN: 0-471-57506-2.
3 Shapiro, A.H., The Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow, Vols. I
and II, John Wiley,1953.
4 Landau, L.D., and Lifshitz, E.M., Fluid Mechanics, 2nd Ed., Course of Theoretical
Physics, vol. 6, Maxwell Macmillan International Edition, Pergamon, 1989, ISBN: 0-02946234-7.
Term Work:
Minimum TEN assignment based on below topics.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Governing equations,
Hugoniot equation,
Shock wave
Variable area nozzles
Area-velocity relation,
Ideally expanded, over expanded, under-expanded flows
Application of supersonic airfoils,
Shock expansion technique
Supersonic and subsonic flow over delta wings,
Method of characteristics- application to supersonic nozzle design
Supersonic flow over wings and airplane configurations
Classification of wind tunnels,

05

13. Applications of wind tunnels,


14. Flow visualizations techniques
15. Design considerations for supersonic aircraft and its aerodynamic analysis

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR

T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Semester V

3. Aerospace Propulsion-I
Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs. / week
Tutorial : 1 Hr. / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW
: 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to :
1. To introduce aircraft propulsion through initial history and various propulsions
systems.
2. To introduce theory differentiating aircraft propulsionsystems through various means.
3. To impart awareness on thermodynamics of jet engines and various important
components
Course Outcomes :
Upon successful completion of this course,
the student will be able to:
1. Distinctly understand the classification of power plants and differences of various
propulsion systems including jet engine and rocket engine.
2. Have a fundamental knowledge turbojet,turbo prop and turbo fan engines
3. Understand concept of thermodynamic analysis on components of jet engine. Ram
jet and pulse jet application

Unit I FLIGHT PROPULSION- AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINESGENERATION OF THRUST- ENGINE PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS

08

History of flight propulsion, Role of reciprocating engines. Operating envelope of


flight vehicles. Engine operational limits.
Air breathing engines- types, Aircraft Gas turbine engines- types, operating
principles, distinguishing features, schematic diagrams, relative merits, applications.
Engine components- function, schematic diagram, layout, Engine station numbering,
Thrust generation- momentum equations, Gross net, uninstalled, installed thrust,
propulsive efficiency. Engine performance parameters- specific thrust, specific fuel
consumption, total efficiency- performance trends. Effect of flight conditions, jet
exit speed, exit pressure. Role of propulsion in aircraft performance. Criteria for
engine selection, airframe-engine matching.
Unit II FUNDAMENTALS OF GAS TURBINE ENGINES
06
Illustration of working of gas turbine engine - The thrust equation - Factors affecting
thrust Effect of pressure, velocity and temperature changes of air entering
compressors Method of thrust augmentation Characteristics of turboprop,
turbojet Performance characteristics.

Unit III SUBSONIC AND SUPERSONIC INLETS

06

SUBSONIC INLETS
Internal flow and Stall in Subsonic inlets - Boundary layer separation Major
features of external flow near a subsonic inlet Relation between minimum area
ratio and eternal deceleration ratio - Diffuser performance.
SUPERSONIC INLETS
Supersonic inlets - Starting problem in supersonic inlets - Shock swallowing by area
variation- External deceleration Modes of inlet operation.
Unit IV COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, PERFORMANCE AND PERFORMANCE
SENSITIVITY COMBUSTION CHAMBERS: PERFORMANCE

08

Classification of combustion chambers Important factors affecting combustion


chamber design Combustion process Combustion chamber performance.
PERFORMANCE SENSITIVITY
Effect of operating variables on performance - Flame tube cooling - Flame
stabilization Use of flame holders Numerical problems.
Unit V NOZZLES

06

Theory of flow in isentropic nozzles - Convergent nozzles and nozzle choking


Nozzle throat conditions Nozzle efficiency Losses in nozzles Over-expanded
and under-expanded nozzles - Ejector and variable area nozzles - Interaction of
nozzle flow with adjacent surfaces Thrust reversal.
Unit VI CENTRIFUGAL and AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSORS
CENTRIFUGAL FLOW COMPRESSORS
Principle of operation of centrifugal compressors - Work done and pressure rise Velocity diagrams - Diffuser vane design considerations Concept of Prewhirl
Rotating stall.
AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSORS
Elementary theory of axial flow compressor Velocity triangles Degree of
reaction - Three dimensional flow Air angle distribution for free vortex and
constant reaction designs - Compressor blade design - Centrifugal and Axial
compressor performance characteristics.

TERM WORK:
Minimum Eight assignments based on above units
Text Books:
1 Mathur M L and Sharma R P; Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard
Publisher, Delhi, 2000.
2 Cohen, H. Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H. Gas Turbine Theory, Longman,
ELBSEd, 1989.
3 The Jet Engine, Rolls Royce plc, 1986, ISBN 0-902121-2-5.

Reference Books:

08

1 Oates G C, AeroThermodyanamics of Aircraft Engine Components, AIAA Edn. Services,


NY, 1986.
2 Rolls- Royce, Jet Engine, 3rd edition, 1983.
3 Ganesan V, Gas Turbines, TMGH Pub Co and ed, Delhi, 1999.
4 Philipa Hill and Carl Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion, Addison
Wesley Longman Inc, 1999.
5 The Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine and Operation, Pratt and Whitney, 1988.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I Semester V

4. Flight Mechanics-I
Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 4 Hrs. / week
Practical: 2 Hrs./week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Understand drag forces acting on an airplane, and variations due to velocity and altitude
2 Understand elements of airplane performance
3 Understand static longitudinal stability of an aircraft
4 Understand lateral and directional stability
5 Understand dynamic stability of an aircraft
Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Know about the forces and moments that are acting on an aircraft, different types of Drag
2 Understand about aircraft performance in level flight, minimum drag and power Required,
climbing, gliding and turning flight, vn diagram and load factor
3 Know about degrees of stability, stick fixed and stick free stability, stability criteria, Effect of
fuselage and CG location, stick forces, aerodynamic balancing.
4 Understand about lateral control, rolling and yawing moments, static directional Stability, rudder
and aileron control requirements and rudder lock
5 Understand dynamic longitudinal stability, stability derivatives, modes and Stability criterion,
lateral and directional dynamic stability
Unit I

AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS and IMPORTANCE OF STABILITY,


STABILITY DERIVATIVES
Airfoils, wings and bodies: geometry, nomenclature. Aerodynamic characteristics. Effect
of geometry, Reynolds Number, Mach Number. Measures of aerodynamic performance.
Performance augmentation methods.
Degree of freedom of a system - Static and dynamic stability - Need for stability in
airplanes - Purpose of controls -Inherently and marginally stable airplanes.
STABILITY DERIVATIVES
Aerodynamic stability and control derivatives. Relation to geometry, Flight configuration.
Effects of power, compressibility and flexibility.

07

Unit II

EQUATIONS OF MOTION
Equations of motion of a rigid body. Inertial forces and moments. Equations of motion of
flight vehicles. Aerodynamicforces and moments. Decoupling of longitudinal and lateraldirectional equations. Linearization of equations.

06

Unit III

STATIC LONGITUDINAL STABILITY AND CONTROL CONTROL FIXED


Stick Fixed: Basic equilibrium equation - Stability criterion Contribution of wing and tail
and elevator to pitching moments - Effect of fuselage and nacelles - Effects of center of
gravity location - Power effects - Stabilizer setting and center of gravity location Elevator
power Elevator to trim . Trim gradients. Control fixed static stability Control fixed
neutral point. Stability margins.

09

STATIC LONGITUDINAL STABILITY CONTROL FREE

Effects of releasing the elevator. Hinge moment coefficients Control forces to trim.
Control free neutral point Trim tabs. Aerodynamic balancing of control surfaces. Means
of augmentation of control.

Unit IV

MANEUVER STABILITY
Contribution of pitch damping to pitching moment of flight vehicle - Effect on trim and
stability. Control deflections and control forces for trim in symmetric maneuvers and
coordinated turns. Control deflection and force gradients. Control fixed and control free
maneuver stability. Maneuver points. Maneuver margins.

06

Unit V

STATIC LATERAL AND DIRECTIONAL STABILITY AND CONTROL


Dihedral effect - Coupling between rolling and yawing moment - Adverse yaw - Aileron
power - Aileron reversal, Weather cocking effects Rudder power. Lateral and directional
stability- definition, Control surface deflections insteady sideslips, rolls and turns one
engine inoperative conditions - Rudder lock.

06

Unit VI

DYNAMIC STABILITY AND RESPONSE TO CONTROL.


Solutions to the stability quartic of the linearised equations of motion. The principal
modes. Phugoid, Short Period dutch Roll and Spiral modes - Further approximations.
Restricted degrees of motion. Solutions. Response to controls, Auto rotation and spin.

06

Text Books:
1 Houghton, E.L., and Carruthers, N.B., Aerodynamics for Engineering Students, Edward Arnold
Publishers Ltd., London, 1989
2 Mc.Cormic, B.W., Aerodynamics, Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics, John Wiley 1995

Reference Books:
1 Perkins C.D., and Hage, R.E., Airplane Performance, Stability and Control, Wiley Toppan 1974.
2 Nelson, R.C., Flight Stability and Automatic Control, McGraw Hill 1989

Term work:
Any SIX Assignments and TWO Case studies on above units

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

5. Air Transportation Systems


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practicals: 2hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks
POE: 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce the history of Aviation and Aerospace industry, evolution, development,
growth, challenges.
2 Familiarize with different physical issues affecting demand including surface, core,
continents.
3 Introduce Regulatory environments at different levels- national and international.
4 Operational environment of aircraft and Airspace with control and monitoring systems
in place
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand the need for Aviation and Aerospace industry- its current perspective.
2 Important physical factors affecting demand and need to understand.
3 Have a knowledge of regulatory environments their importance at different levels and
their role in maintaining safety at national and international level.
4 Understand different systems in place currently and expected future systems including
communication, navigation, surveillance.
5 Understand importance of Airspace its categories and how is it regulated.
Unit I

AVIATION INDUSTRY
Introduction, History of aviation- evolution, development, growth, challenges.
Aerospace industry, Air Transportation Industry- economic impact- types and causes.
Airline Industry- structure and economic characteristics. Airlines as oligopolists other unique economic characteristics. Significance of airline passenger load factors.

08

Unit II

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
The earth as a habitat, The Earth: physical issues affecting demand- surface, core,
continents. Shape of demand. Demand forecasting- based on historical data,
comparative analysis, theoretical demand models. Reliability of forecasts,
Atmosphere of earth- gaseous properties, distance and speed, weather- weather
effects on navigation.

06

Unit III

REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
The breadth of regulation- ICAO, IATA, national authorities (DGCA, FAA). Service
properties- service volumes, international air service agreements, deregulation, and
privatization. Safety regulations- risk assessment- human factors and safety, security

06

Unit IV

Unit V

regulations, environmental regulations.


OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Introduction. Evolution- communication, navigation and surveillance systems
(CNSS). Radio communications- VHF, HF, ACARS, SSR, ADS. Navigation- NDB,
VOR, DME, area-navigation systems( R-Nav), ILS, MLS, GPS, INS, laser-INS.
Surveillance- SSR, ADS . Airborne elements- AFCS, PMS, electronic control and
monitoring / engine instrumentation and central automated systems, EFIS, FMS,
GPWS, TCAS- future trends.
AIRCRAFT

08

06

Costs- project cash-flow, aircraft price. Compatibility with the operational


infrastructure. Direct and indirect operating costs. Balancing efficiency and
effectiveness- payload-range, fuel efficiency, technical contribution to performance,
operating speed and altitude, aircraft field length performance. Typical operating
costs. Effectiveness- wake-vortices, cabin dimensions, flight deck.
Unit VI

AIRSPACE
Categories of airspace- separation minima, airspace sectors- capacity, demand and
delay. Evolution of air traffic control system- procedural ATC system, procedural
ATC with radar assistance, first generation automated ATC system, current
generation radar and computer-based ATC systems. Aerodrome air traffic control
equipment and operation - ICAO future air-navigation systems (FANS). Airnavigation service providers as businesses.

Text Books:
1. Hirst, M., The Air Transport System, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, England, 2008.
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Wensven, J.G., Air Transportation: A Management Perspective, Ashgate, 2007.


Wilson and Bryon, Air Transportation.
Belobaba, P., Odoni, A. and Barnhart, C., Global Airline Industry, Wiley, 2009
Nolan, M.S., Fundamentals of Air Traffic Control, 4th Edn., Thomson Learning, 2004.
Wells, A. and Young, S., Airport Planning and Management, 5th Edn., McGraw-Hill, 1986.

Term Work:
List of Experiments
1. Write about Oligopolists with practical scenario in Indian Aviation sector.
2. Demand forecasting an overview in Indian aviation, how is it different from other
countries?
3. DGCA is policy maker for civil aviation in India write at least 4-5 areas in this context.
4. Describe at least four equipment which are must to have for Air navigation, Air and
5. Describe at least four equipment which are must to have for Air communication.
6. Describe at least three equipment which are must to have for central monitoring systems.
7. How Economy of Airlines is managed and what are different costs involved.
8. Need for categories of airspace, types and what is concept of sectors in aviation.
9. Difference between first generation automated ATC system, current generation radar and

06

computer-based ATC systems


10. ICAOsFuture Air-Navigation Systems (FANS), features, benefits and need. Discuss.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

6. Aircraft Structures Lab


Teaching Scheme
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
The objective of conducting the Aircraft structure laboratory is to make students
1. Understand and appreciate various principles of aircraft structures and
2. Understand various theorems involved in the theory of vibrations and experimental stress

analyzing the results.


Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
This will immensely help the students to
1. Enrich their knowledge in thedesign of various aircraft structural components

List of Experiments: (Minimum Ten)


1. Study of construction and use of Universal Testing Machine, mechanical and optical
extensometers- application to determine stress-strain curves and tensile and
compressive strength of various engineering materials.
2. Bending tests- deflection of slender and short beams for various loading and end
conditions- determination of influence coefficients- verification of Maxwells and
Castiglianos theorems.
3. Compression tests on long and short columns- determination of buckling loads
Southwell plot.
4. Determination of the strength and deformation of riveted and bolted joints.
5. Methods of inspection and non-destructive testing (NDT) of aircraft structural
components.
6. Strain gauge techniques- measurement of strain in beams, thin and thick walled
cylinders subjected to internal pressure, shaft subjected to combined loading.
7. Shear Centers of open section beam.
8. Shear Centers of closed section beam.
9. Post buckling behavior of shear panels- measurements on semi-tension field webs of
beams.
10. Determination of elastic constants of composite materials- flexural test on composites.

11. Study and calibration of photo and magnetic speed pickups for the measurement of
speed.
12. Free vibration of cantilever beam
13. Forced vibration of beam
14. Study and use of seismic pickups for the measurement of amplitude and frequency of
vibration of structural components.
15. Determination of critical fracture toughness of aerospace materials.
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Megson, T.H.G., Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, 4th edn.,
Elsevier, 2007, ISBN 0-750-667397.
2. Bruhn. E.H, Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicles Structures, Tri-state Off-set

Company, USA, 1965.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Semester V

7. Aerodynamics Lab
Teaching Scheme
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
TW : 25 Marks
POE:25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Enable the knowledge of wind tunnel and its application
2 Familiarize the students with the operation of wind tunnel
3 Enable to acquire data from different models from the wind tunnel
4 Perform various operations to study the flow physics over various aerodynamic models
Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course,
the student will be able to:
1 Have knowledge of subsonic wind tunnel and its applications
2 Will be able to operate the wind tunnel for doing various experiments
3 Collect data by performing various experiments on the wind tunnel
4 Have knowledge of various flow physics based on various aerodynamic model
Note: Any Ten experiments based on above syllabus
List of Experiments:
1 Study of subsonic wind tunnel
2 Calibration of a subsonic wind tunnel.
3 Tuft flow visualization on a circular cylinder
4 Study of flow over cambered airfoil using tuft flow visualization.
5 Smoke flow visualization studies on a circular cylinder.
6 Study of flow over an airfoil and comparing it with flow over circular cylinder using
smoke flow visualization.
7 Surface pressure distributions on a two-dimensional circular cylinder.
8 Pressure measurement over the surface of a asymmetrical airfoil.
9 Measurement of surface pressure distribution over a cambered airfoil.
10 Boundary layer velocity profile measurement on the tunnel wall.
11 Total drag calculation of a circular cylinder using pitot-static probe wake survey.
12 Calculation of total drag of a cambered airfoil at incidence using pitot-static probe wake
survey.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

8. Mini Project-I
Teaching Scheme
Practical: 1Hr. / week

Examination Scheme
TW : 50 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
Give the student a complete idea of interacting with industry and understanding the requirements
of Industry and meeting them.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
Student who completes their Mini-Project is expected to have a complete idea about how to
approach an Industry of their interest, write them how they could go there to work on their core
areas of competence and interest, mutually accepting with Industry to work according to their
standards and meeting the requirements at the end in a given time line.
Topics:
Relevant topics in Industry which are current and in-demand and expected to be in current
scenario not out-dated and up to date in trend (in all sense by material used, technology, by
cause and reason for doing project)
Guidelines:
Students should carry out this Mini-Project in INDUSTRY under a guide or a supervisor
there.
[Or]
Students could carry out this Mini-Project under the guidance of any faculty ONLY as a
remote guide partially as a co-supervisor at the Department of Aeronautical Engineering
provided the student already got the needed values or readings and want to formally
complete analysis.
In either of the above cases work at INDUSTRY, coordination is MUST.
Duration: Should be not less than 2 weeks and not exceeding 3 weeks.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part, II

1. Machines and Mechanisms


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs. / week
Practical: 2 Hrs. / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Represent kinematic behavior of different machine elements and mechanisms.
2 Explain types of cam with followers and select according to their applications.
3 Compare types of governing mechanisms.
4 Study force analysis of flywheel.
5 Static and dynamic Balancing of rotating masses.
Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand different types of mechanisms and their applications.
2 Analyze kinematic theories of mechanism.
3 Design cam with follower for different applications.
4 Select different governing mechanisms according to application.
5 Do the static and dynamic Balancing of rotating masses.
Unit I

Mechanisms
Introduction ,Links, Pairs, Chain, Mechanism ,Machine structure, Degrees of
freedom, Four bar chains, Terminology and definition, Planer, Spherical and
Spatial Mechanisms , Grashoff's law, Kutzback criterion, Grubler's criterion for
plane mechanism. Hardings notation Inversion of mechanisms, Four bar, single
slider crank and double slider crank mechanisms, Simple problems , Instantaneous
centre , Kennedy's theorem, Velocity and Acceleration of four bar and single slider
crank mechanisms by relative velocity method.

10

Unit II

Friction
Friction in screw and nut, Pivot and collar, Thrust bearing, Plate and disc clutches,
Belt (flat and V) and rope drives, Ratio of tensions, Effect of centrifugal and initial
tension, Condition for maximum power transmission, Open and crossed belt drive.

05

Unit III

Cams

05

Concepts of cam mechanism, comparison of cam mechanism with linkages, Types


of cams and followers, Follower motion, Uniform, Parabolic, SHM and cycloidal.
Cam terminology, Cam profiles construction for roller, Flat faced and knife edge
follower types, Pressure angle, Derivatives of follower motion, High speed cams ,
Circular arc and tangent cams, Standard cam motion, Pressure angle and
undercutting, Cam dynamics and jump-off phenomenon.

Unit IV

Gear Trains and Control Mechanisms


Gear profile and geometry, Nomenclature of spur gear, Gear trains: simple,
compound, reverted and epicyclic, Velocity ratio and torque calculation in gear
trains, Automobile differential, Gyroscopes: Gyroscopic forces and couple , Forces
on bearing due to gyroscopic action, Gyroscopic effect in ship, Motor Cycle, Car
and Aircraft.

07

Unit V

Static and Dynamic Force Analysis


Free body diagram, Inertia force and inertia torque calculations, DAlemberts
principle, The principle of super position, Dynamic analysis in reciprocating
engines, Gas forces, Equivalent masses, Bearing loads, Crank shaft torque, Turning
moment diagrams: Fly wheels , Application of flywheel , Punching presses.

07

Unit VI

Balancing
Static and dynamic balancing: Balancing machines and field balancing by vector
diagram, Balancing of rotating masses, Balancing of single cylinder engine,
Balancing of multi cylinder engine, Balancing in reciprocating mechanism, Partial
balancing in locomotive engines, Hammer blow, Swaying couple, Tractive force ,
Balancing machines.

06

TERM WORK
A term work shall consist of report on of the following.
1. One A3 size sheet on velocity and acceleration problems by relative velocity and
acceleration method.
2. One A3 size sheet on problem on Instantaneous center method and Kleins
construction.
3. Minimum four numerical on friction
4. One A3 size sheet of problems on cam profile. (Minimum four problems).
5. Experiment on Gyroscope.
6. Generation of involute profile using rack cutter method.
7. Problems on epicyclic gear train using tabular method.
8. Balancing of rotary masses (Static and Dynamic)
9.
Industrial visit based on above syllabus.
Text Books:
1 Ratan, S.S.,Theory of Machines, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing company Ltd., 2nd
Edition, 2005.
2 Thomas Bevan,Theory of Machines, CBS Publishers and Distributors, 3rd Edition, 1984.
Reference Books:
1 Shigley, J. E., and Uicker, J. J.,Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, McGraw Hill,
1995.
2 Ghosh, A., and Mallick, A. K.,Theory of Mechanisms and Machines, Affiliated
East,West Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, 1988.
3 Rao, J. S., and Dukkipati, R.V.,Mechanism and Machine Theory, Wiley, Eastern Ltd.,
New Delhi, 1995.
4 Burton Paul, Kinematics and Dynamic of Planer Machinery, Prentice Hall, 1979.

5 Theory of Machines by Sandorand Erdman


SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR
T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

2.Design of Aircraft Structures


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs / week
Practical : 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce fundamentals of aircraft design and forces acting on the structures.
2 Introduce the materials and manufacturing process used in aircraft structures.
3 Develop understanding of concepts of analysis of aircraft structures.
4 Develop understanding the concepts of aircraft structure repair and maintenance.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand the Basics of Aircraft Systems and Aircraft Structures.
2 Know Industry Practices on Design of Aircraft Structures and systems.
3 Understand the applicability of Design aspects in Aircraft Design.
4 Relate the theoretical knowledge with the design of Aircraft Structures and systems.
Unit I

Fundamentals of Aircraft Design and Structural Analysis


Introduction, Phases of Aircraft Design, Aircraft conceptual design process,
Conceptual stage, preliminary design, Detailed design, Design methodologies
review of Hookes Law, Principal stresses, Equilibrium and Compatibility,
Determinate structures, St Venants principle, Conservation of energy, Stress
transformation, Stress strain relations.

07

Unit II

Aircraft Structures and Loads


Types of structural members of fuselage and wing section ribs, Spars, Frames,
Stringers, Longeron, Splices, Sectional properties of structural members and their
loads, Types of structural joints, Type of Loads on structural joints, Aerodynamic
loads, Inertial loads, Loads due to engine, Actuator loads, Maneuver Loads, VN
diagrams, Gust loads, Ground loads, Ground conditions, Miscellaneous loads.

07

Unit III

Aircraft Materials and Manufacturing processes


Material selection criteria, Aluminum alloys, Titanium alloys, Steel alloys,
Magnesium alloys, copper alloys, Nimonic alloys, Non metallic materials,
Composite materials, Use of advanced materials Smart materials, Manufacturing
of A/C structural members, Overview of types of manufacturing processes for
composites, Sheet metal fabrication ,Machining, Welding, Superplastic forming
and diffusion bonding.

06

Unit IV

Structural Analysis of Aircraft Structures - I


Theory of Plates - Analysis of plates for bending, stresses due to bending, Plate
deflection under different end conditions, Strain energy due to bending of circular,
rectangular plates, Plate buckling, Compression buckling, shear buckling,
Buckling due to in plane bending moments, Analysis of stiffened panels in
buckling, Rectangular plate buckling, Analysis of stiffened panels in post buckling,
Post buckling under shear
Theory of Shells-Analysis of shell panels for buckling, Compression loading,
Shear loading / Shell shear factor, Circumferential buckling Stress.

09

Unit V

Structural Analysis of Aircraft Structures II


Theory of Beams- Assumptions in theory of bending, Moment of resistance,
Section modulus, Neutral axis, Stress distribution diagram for cantilever and
simply supported beam, Equation of bending, Symmetric beams in pure bending,
Deflection of beams, Unsymmetrical beams in Bending, Plastic bending of beams,
Shear stresses due to bending in thin walled beams, Bending of open section
beams, Bending of closed section beams, Shear stresses due to torsion in thin
walled Beams
Theory of Torsion- Assumptions in theory of pure torsion, Torsion equation for
solid and hollow circular shaft, Shafts of non-circular sections, Torsion in closed
section beams, Torsion in open section Beams, Multi cell sections

09

Unit VI

Aircraft Structural Repair


Types of structural damage, Nonconformance, Rework, Repair, Allowable damage
Limit, Repairable damage limit, Overview of ADL Analysis, Types of repair,
repair considerations and best practices

04

TERM WORK
Six Assignments based on the Syllabus.
Out of six, two assignments should contain the following:

Hands-on calculation on exercises related to fundamentals of Structural Analysis

Hands-on calculation on exercises involving, plate theory, beam theory and shell theory,
Panel buckling, Shear flow Exercises in Aircraft Structures.

Industrial Visits
With an intent to get some exposure on Aerospace and related industries, arrange

Industry Visits to some of the Industries in Aerospace like HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics
Limited), NAL (National Aerospace Limited), ISRO (Indian Space Research
Organization)
(or)
Visits to Aerospace Museums
(or)

Building miniature models of Aircraft /Gliders etc as a Hands on exercises conducted as


competitions

Text Books:
1 Aircraft Design-A Conceptual Approach by Daniel P.Raymer, AIAA Education Series,6th Edition
2 Airframe Structural Design by Michael Niu, Conmilit Press, 1988,2nd Edition
3 Airframe Stress Analysis and Sizing by Michael Niu, Conmilit Press, 1999,3rd Edition

Reference Books:
1 The Elements of Aircraft Preliminary Design Roger D. Schaufele, Aries Publications, 2000
2 Aircraft Structural Maintenance by Dale Hurst, Avotek publishers, 2nd Edition, 2006
3 Aircraft Maintenance and Repair by Frank Delp, Michael J. Kroes& William A. Watkins, Glencoe
and McGraw-Hill,6th Edition, 1993

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

3. Aerospace Propulsion-II
Teaching Scheme
Lectures :3Hrs / week
Tutorial: 1hr / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Study about the turbines and its performance for various conditions.
2 Study the basics of ramjet and scramjet with their performance characteristics
3 Study the types of rockets and their working principles
4 Study about chemical rockets and propellants used in chemical rockets.
5 Study the advances in rocket propulsion and space propulsion.

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand the working of turbine, blade profiles, performance, cooling methods in
turbine blades and its limitations.
2 Understand the operating principle of ramjet, combustion and its performance. Basics of
scramjet engine and integral ram engine.
3 Understand the rocket operating principles. Rocket nozzle classifications and
performance of rockets.
4 Understand in detail about solid and liquid propellant rockets and the various types of
propellants used with their grain structure and their burning rates.
5 Understand about electric, ion and nuclear rockets. The basics of solar sails and its
operating principle.
Unit I

AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINES


08
Impulse and reaction blading of gas turbines, Velocity triangles and power output,
Elementary theory, Vortex theory, Choice of blade profile, pitch and chord ,
Estimation of stage performance, Limiting factors in gas turbine design- Overall
turbine performance, Methods of blade cooling ,Matching of turbine and
compressor, Numerical problems.

Unit II

RAMJET PROPULSION
07
Operating principle, Sub critical, critical and Supercritical operation, Combustion in
Ramjet Engine, Ramjet performance, Sample ramjet design calculations,
Introduction to Scramjet- Preliminary concepts in supersonic combustion, Integral
ram- rocket, Numerical problems.

Unit III

FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCKET PROPULSION


06
Operating principle, Specific impulse of a rocket, Rocket nozzle Classification,
Rocket performance considerations, Numerical Problems.

Unit IV

CHEMICAL ROCKETS
06
Solid propellant rockets , Selection criteria of solid propellants , Important hardware
components of solid rockets , Propellant grain design considerations , Liquid
propellant rockets, Selection of liquid propellants , Thrust control in liquid rockets ,
Cooling in liquid rockets ,Limitations of hybrid rockets , Relative advantages of
liquid rockets over solid rockets- Numerical Problems.

Unit V

BALLISTIC MISSILE TRAJECTORIES


08
The general ballistic missile problem- geometry of the trajectory, free flight range
equations, flight path angle equation, maximum range trajectory, time of free flight.
Effect of launching errors on range- effect of lateral displacement of the burnout
point, cross range error due to incorrect launch azimuth, effect of down range
displacement of the burnout point, errors in burn-out flight-path angle, down range
errors caused by incorrect burnout height and in correct speed at burnout. The effect
of earth rotation- compensating for the initial velocity of missile due to earth
rotation, compensating for movement of the target due to earth rotation.

Unit VI

ADVANCED PROPULSION TECHNIQUES


05
Electric rocket propulsion , Ion propulsion techniques, Nuclear rocket, Types, Solar
sail-Preliminary concepts in nozzle less propulsion

Text Books:
1 Sutton, G.P., Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York,
8thEdn., 2012.
2 Cornelisse, J.W., Rocket Propulsion and Spaceflight Dynamics, Pitman Publishing, 1979.
3 Hill, P.G. and Peterson, C.R. Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion Addison ,
WesleyLongman INC, 1999.
Reference Books:
1 Cohen, H., Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H., Gas Turbine Theory, Longman
Co., ELBS Ed., 1919.
2 Gorden, C.V., Aero thermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion, AIAA
Education Series, New York, 1919.
3 Mathur, M., and Sharma, R.P., Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard
Publishers, New Delhi, 1911.
TERM WORK
Minimum Ten assignments on above units.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

4. Industrial Management and Operational Research


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs / week
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce evolution of Management, and how Planning, Organizing, Staffing and Control
could be done.
2 Managing Personnel, industrial legislation and relations, Introduce industrial psychology,
manpower planning, training and development, and other initiatives.
3 Introduce Operations Research with different tools and approach
4 Introduce tools in Project Management like different network models.
5 Introduce different types of business forms, organizations.
6 Introduce various kinds of financing, marketing options available, with risks involved in
business and methodology to counter them.

Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Understand evolution of Management, and how Planning, Organizing, Staffing and
Control could be done by different techniques.
2 Understand theoretically how to manage personnel, industrial legislation and relations,
understanding how industrial psychology, manpower planning, training and
development, and other initiatives work in Industry.
3 Understand Operations Research with different tools and approach with their application
in different areas.
4 Understand different tools in Project management like network models to deal with
different problems and finding more ideal solutions.
5 Understand different types of Business forms, organizations existing with their functions.
6 Understand various kinds of Financing, Marketing options available, with Risks involved
in business and methodology to counter them in various ways for different scenarios.
Unit I

Functions of Management
Introduction: Evolution of Management Theory, scientific
Contributions of Taylor, Fayol, Mayo to scientific management.

08
management,

Planning: The Process of Planning, Objectives, Policy and Procedures, Forecasting,


Levels of Management Administration and Management, Principles and functions of
Management: Leadership and decision making.
Organizing: Meaning, Importance and Principles, Span of Management,
Centralization and Decentralization, Patterns of Organization, Line and Staff

Relationships.
Staffing: Nature and Scope of staffing, Manpower planning, Selection and training,
Performance Appraisal.
Controlling: Concept or Managerial Control, Control aids, Score responsibilities of
managers
Human Resources Management
Personnel management, industrial legislation and relations, industrial psychology,
Manpower planning, Training and development, health, safety, welfare,
remuneration and incentive schemes.

06

Unit III Operations Research


Introduction to Operations Research, definition, Linear programming, Graphical
method, Simplex method, Dual problem, Dual simplex method, Concept of unit
worth of resource, Sensitivity analysis, Transportation problems, Assignment
problems

08

Unit IV

Project Management
Network models: CPM and PERT, Queuing theory. Game theory, Markov chain,
Monte Carlo Simulation.

05

Unit V

Business Forms And Organization


Introduction: Nature and scope of business system, Objectives of business and
social responsibilities of Business
Organizing a Business: Forms of ownership organization Sole proprietor,
partnership, Joint stock company, Co-operative society, State undertakings.
Formation of Joint Stock Companies: Registration, issue of prospectus,
Commencement Certificate, Private and Public Ltd. Companies, Choice of suitable
form of business organization.
Public Sector: Central Government, Public Corporation, Local Government,
Organization neither Public nor Private Sector, Clubs and Society, Cooperative
Societies, Workers Cooperatives, Building Societies.
Organization: Meaning, Types of organization, Line, Functional, Line Staff
organization and line staff committee organization, Span of control.

08

Unit VI

Finance, Marketing and Risks


Elements of Insurance: Meaning and causes of business risks, Insurance of
business risks.
Marketing Functions: The marketing concept, Product planning, Choice of
channels of distribution, Advertising and Salesmanship.
Financial Functions: Objectives and scope, Estimation of financial requirements
Long Term, Medium Term, Short Term, Sources of Finance.

05

Unit II

Text Books:
1. Operations Research - An Introduction by H.A.Taha, Prentice Hall of India./Pearson
Education
2. Production Systems: Planning, Analysis and Control by J.L.Riggs, 3rd Edition., Wiley.
3. Wagner H M, Principles of Operations Research, Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India
Private Limited, New Delhi, 2003.

Reference Books:
1. Graph Theory for Operations Research and Management: Applications in Industrial
Engineering, Reza Zanjirani Farahani (Kingston University London, UK)
and ElnazMiandoabchi (Institute for Trade Studies and Research, Iran), 2012
2. Operations Research,Vijayakumar, Scitech

TERM WORK: Minimum TEN Assignments from above units concentrating


mainly on core concepts of Industrial Management and Operations Research (It
should include case study of Industrial Management)
List of Assignments
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Assignment on different functions of management


Assignment on Human resource management
Problems on linear programing and graphical method
Problems on Simplex and Dual Simplex method
Assignment on transportation problems
Problems on CPM and PERT
Problems on Queuing theory

Assignment on game theory and Markov chain.


Assignment on Monte Carlo simulation
Different forms of ownership organization
Concept of organization and its types

Meaning, causes and Insurance of business risks


Different aspects of marketing function
Case study: Study of an organization nearby, its form of ownership, its type and different
management functions (Planning, organizing, staffing and controlling etc.)

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

5. (Space) Flight Mechanics-II


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs./ Week
Tutorials : 2Hrs./ Week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Understand basic laws involving orbits, gravitation, concept of celestial sphere,
equinoxes, co-ordinate systems, time systems.
2 Introduce two-body orbital mechanics, restricted three body problem and basics associated
with them.
3 Introduction to different kind of orbits, Importance of Perturbations, different kinds of
perturbations and their effect on Satellites.
4 Introduce basic orbital maneuvers their need, how and when they are used and their
application.
5 Introduce trajectories, types including ballistic, lunar and interplanetary trajectories in
detail
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Perfect the basics of coordinate systems in space, time systems, basics of astronomy and
their calculations.
2 Understand conceptualise 2-Body and R3-Body mechanics and solve the problems
associated with them.
3 Understand need of maneuver and types of maneuver and their applications.
4 Understand basics of orbits and their associated laws, applications of orbits. Significance
of orbital perturbations in different calculations.
5 Understand trajectories their types including ballistic, lunar and interplanetary
trajectories in detail with mission planning perspective and even design or does a case
study on any mission design in given parameters.
Unit I

BASIC CONCEPTS
Solar system, comets and meteors, Keplers laws and Newtons law of gravitation,
concept of celestial sphere, vernal equinox, ecliptic. Coordinate systems, ECI system,
geographic coordinate system, azimuth elevation coordinate system, ecliptic system,
Time systems-sidereal time, mean solar time, Julian date, universal time, ephemeris
time. Effect of orbital altitude on satellite lifetimes.

07

Unit II

TWO-BODY ORBITAL MECHANICS

07

N-body problem, two-body problem-simplifying assumptions. Equations of relative


motion. Constants of the motion-conservation of angular momentum, Trajectory
equation, elliptical orbit-Geometry of the ellipse, period of an elliptical orbit, circular
orbit, parabolic orbit, hyperbolic orbit. Geometry of the hyperbola, hyperbolic excess
speed. Orbital elements. Basic Problems associated with two-body problem.
RESTRICTED THREE BODY PROBLEM
Introduction, equations of motion, Lagrangian points, stability of the Lagrangian
Points, Jacobis integral, accessible regions. Basic Problems associated with
Restricted Three Body Problem.
BASIC ORBITAL MANEUVRES
Low altitude earth orbits, effect of orbital altitude on satellite life times, direct ascent
to orbit, perturbation so flow earth orbits due to the oblate shape of the Earth. High
altitude earth orbits, the synchronous satellite, launching a high altitude satellite. Inplane orbit changes, adjustment of perigee and apogee height, Hohmann transfer,
general coplanar transfer between circular orbits, Out of plane orbit changes, simple
plane change.

06

Unit IV ORBIT PERTURBATIONS


General overview of orbit perturbations, Earth Gravity Harmonics, Luni, solar
Gravitational attractions, Solar Radiation Pressure Effects, Atmospheric drag effects,
Tidal friction effects and Mutual Gravitational attraction. Earths Oblations (J2)
effects, Critical Inclination. Sun-synchronous orbits, J3 effects and Frozen orbits,
Earths Tri-axiality effects and East-West Station keeping.

06

Unit III

Unit V

LUNAR TRAJECTORIES

07

The Earth, moon system-orbital elements of the moon, simple Earth-Moon


trajectories, Some simplifying assumptions, time of flight versus injection speed,
minimum energy Trajectory, miss distance at the Moon caused by injection errors.
The patched conic approximation-geocentric departure orbit, condition satthe patch
point, seleno-centric arrival orbit. Non-coplanar lunar trajectories, some typical
Constraint sonlunar trajectories, Determining the geocentric sweep angle. Select
ingan acceptable launch date.
Unit VI

INTERPLANETARY TRAJECTORIES
Patched-conic approximation-heliocentric transfer orbit, phase angle at departure,
escape from the earths sphere influence, arrival at the target planet, effective collision
cross, section. Locating the planets, launch opportunity, synodic period, trajectory
type and class, ephemeris calculations, Non-coplanar inter planetary trajectories,
Gravity-assistmaneuver. Fast interplanetary trajectories.

Text Books:
1. Bate,

07

R.R.,Mueller,D.D.andWhite,J.E.,FundamentalsofAstrodynamics,DoverPublications
Inc.,New York,1971.
2. Chobotov,V.A.,ed,OrbitalMechanics3rdedn.AIAAEducationSeries,2002.
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Wiesel,W.E.,SpaceightDynamics,2ndedn.McGraw-Hill,New York,1995.
Hale,F.J.,IntroductiontoSpaceFlight,PrenticeHall, 1994.
Sellers,J.J.,UnderstandingSpace:AnIntroductiontoAstronautics,2ndedn.McGraw-Hill,2004.
Cornelisse,J.W.,RocketPropulsionand SpaceflightDynamics,PitmanPublishing,1979.
Vallado, D.A., Fundamentals of Astrodynamics and Applications, 2ndedn.Microcosm,
Inc.,2001.
Brown, C.D.,SpacecraftMissionDesign,2ndedn.,AIAAEducationSeries,1998.

List of Experiments: Minimum 08 Assignments and 02 Case Studies on above units.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

6. Aerodynamics and Propulsion Lab


Teaching Scheme
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
TW : 25 Marks
POE:25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Know about different types of aircraft engines and their parts
2 Get the knowledge of types of convective heat transfer
3 Understand the propellants parameters
4 Understand the nozzle flow and flow through fuel injector
Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the
student will be able to:
1 Demonstrate the different types of aircraft engines
2 Illustrate the types of heat transfers
3 Measures the performance parameters of a solid propellants
4 Demonstrate the different flow patterns of fuel injector and nozzle.
Note: Any Eight experiments based on above syllabus
List of Experiments:
1 To study aircraft piston engine, and the assembly of sub systems
2 To understand aircraft piston engines components, functions, operating principles
3 To study aircraft jet engine, and the assembly of sub systems
4 To understand aircraft jet engines components, functions, operating principles
5 To study about forced convective heat transfer
6 To study about free convective heat transfer
7 To study performance of a propeller
8 To study the functioning of aircraft gas turbine engines.
9 Experiment on solid propellant test rig.
10 Experiment on continuous combustion test rig.
11 Study Fuel-injection characteristics
12 Study the nozzle flow.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

7. Seminar
Teaching Scheme
Practical: 2 Hrs. / week

Examination Scheme
TW :50 Marks

Topic
Any Advanced topic of Aeronautical or Aerospace Engineering application may be a seminar
topic.
The seminar may be based on proposed project work also.
Seminar Load:Maximum 9-10 students in one batch, Maximum 9-10 students shall work under one Faculty
Member Group of one student is not allowed under any circumstances
Seminar Term:
Seminar report should be of 25 to 35 pages. For standardization of the seminar reports the
following format should be strictly followed.
1. page Size
: Trimmed A4
2. Top Margin : 1.00 Inches
3. Bottom Margin : 1.32 Inches
4. Left Margin : 1.5 Inches
5. Right Margin : 1.0 Inches
6. Para Text
: Font - Times New Roman, 12 point
7. Line Spacing : 1.5 Lines
8. Page Numbers : Right aligned and in footer.
9. Headings
: Font Times New Roman, 12 point
: New Times Roman, 14 point, Boldface
10. Certificate
: All students should attach standard format of certificate
The entire seminar should be documented as one chapter. References should have the
following format
For Books:
1. Title of Book; Authors; Publisher; Edition;
For Papers:
1. Title of Paper; Authors; Conference Details; Year.
Marks
1. Seminar Report: 25
2. Presentation : 25
All students have to present their seminars individually in front of the faculties

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


T.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

8. Mini Project-II
Teaching Scheme
Practical: 1Hr / week

Examination Scheme
TW : 25 Marks
POE : 25

Guidelines:
Students should carry out this Mini-Project inINDUSTRYunder a guide or a supervisor
there.
[Or]
Students could carry out this Mini-Project under the guidance of any faculty ONLY as a
remote guide partially as a co-supervisor at the Department of Aeronautical Engineering
provided the student already got the needed values or readings and want to formally
complete analysis.
In either of the above cases work at INDUSTRY, coordination is MUST.
Duration: Should not be less than 2 weeks and not exceeding 3 weeks.

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
Give a complete idea to the student of interacting with industry and understanding the
requirements of Industry and meeting them.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
Student who completes their Mini-Project is expected to have a complete idea about how to
approach an Industry of their interest, write them how they could go there to work on their core
areas of competence and interest, mutually accepting with Industry to work according to their
standards and meeting the requirements at the end in a given time line.
List of Topics:
Relevant topics in Industry which are current and in-demand and expected to be in current
scenario not out dated and up to date in trend (in all sense by material used, technology, by cause
and reason for doing project)

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part, I

1. Mechanical Vibration and Structural Dynamics


Teaching Scheme
Lectures :4 Hrs./ Week
Practical: 2 Hrs. / Week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
Study the dynamic behavior of different aircraft components and the interactionamong the
aerodynamic, elastic and inertia forces.
Course Outcomes:
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Know the concept of vibration and single degree of freedom systems.
2 Analyze the two degree and multi degree of freedom systems.
3 Understand the interaction among the aerodynamic, elastic and inertia forces.
Unit I

INTRODUCTION
Simple Harmonic Motion, Terminology, Degrees of freedom, Newtons Law,
DAlemberts principle, Energy Methods, Rayleighs and Equilibrium Method.

08

Unit II

SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS


Free vibrations, Damped vibrations, Forced vibrations, with and without damping,
Support excitation, Vibration measuring instruments.

08

UnitIII

MULTI DEGREES OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS


Two degrees of freedom systems ,Static and dynamic couplings Vibration absorber,
Principal coordinates, Principal modes and orthogonal condition ,Eigen value
problems, Hamiltons principle, Lagrangian equation and application ,Vibration of
elastic bodies, Vibration of strings, Longitudinal, Lateral and Torsional vibrations.

10

Unit IV

FORCE DEFLECTION PROPERTIES OF STRUCTURES


Constraints and generalized coordinates, Virtual work and generalized forces, Force,
deflection influence functions, stiffness and flexibility methods.

09

Unit V

APPROXIMATE METHODS
Approximate methods of evaluating the Eigen frequencies and the dynamics
response of continuous systems, Matrix methods of dynamic stress analysis,
Rayleighs and Holzer Methods and Matrix Iteration to find natural frequencies.

09

Unit VI

ELEMENTS OF AEROELASTICITY
Concepts, Coupling,Aero elastic instabilities and their prevention ,Basic ideas on
wing divergence, Loss and reversal of aileron control ,Flutter and its prevention.
Term Work:
Minimum Eight Experiments out of the following list.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Experiment on equivalent spring mass system.


Experiment on study of forced vibration characteristics
Determination of logarithmic decrement for single DOF damped system
Experiment on torsional vibration of two rotors without damping
Experiment on free vibration of a coupled pendulum and double pendulum
Use of different types of exciters for vibration analysis
Measurement of vibration parameters using vibration instruments
Exercise on numerical calculation of natural frequencies by Holzer method.
Exercise on numerical calculation of natural frequencies by Raleighs or
Matrix Iteration Method.

Text Books:
1.
2.
3.
4.

R.W. Clough and Penzien, Dynamics of Structures. McGraw Hill 2nd Edition 1993
Mechanical Vibrations by Singiresu.S.Rao, Pearson Education LPE,2004.
Timoshenko S., Vibration Problems in Engineering,John Wiley and Sons,New
York, 1993.
Fung Y.C., An Introduction to the Theory of Aero elasticity ,John Wiley and Sons,
New York, 1995.

Reference Books:
1. Bisplinghoff R.L., Ashley H and Hoffman R.L., Aero elasticity ,Addision
Wesley Publication, New York, 1983.
2. Tse. F.S., Morse, I.F., Hinkle, R.T., Mechanical Vibrations, ,Prentice Hall,
New York, 1984.
3. Scanlan R.H. and Rosenbaum R., Introduction to the study of AircraftVibration and
Flutter, John Wiley and Sons. New York, 1982.
4. Tongue. B. H., Principles of Vibration, Oxford University Press, 2000.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

2. Computational Aerodynamics
Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practical: 2hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Enable importance of CFD
2 Know the importance partial differential equations on CFD
3 Enable knowledge of descretization
4 Familiarize with finite volume techniques in computational fluid analysis
5 Introduce to grid generation and its importance
6 Enable knowledge of transformation technique
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand CFD and its need
2 Have a knowledge on Impact of partial differential equation on CFD
3 Understand the importance of discretization
4 Understand implement Finite volume technique
5 Acquire knowledge of grid generation, its importance and types of grids
6 Have fundamental knowledge in transformation technique
Unit I

INTRODUCTION
Insight into power and philosophy of CFD, CFD ideas to understand, CFD
application, Need for parallel computers for CFD algorithms, Models of flows,
Substantial derivative, Divergence of velocity, Physical boundary conditions, Forms
of the governing equations particularly suited for CFD work: Shock fitting and Shock
capturing methods, Generic form of equations.

05

Unit II

PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: THE IMPACT ON CFD


Classification of Partial Differential Equations, Cramer rule and Eigen value method,
Hyperbolic, Parabolic and Elliptic forms of equations, Impact on physical and
computational fluid dynamics, Case studies: Steady inviscid supersonic flow;
unsteadyinvisid flow; Steady boundary layer flow; and unsteady thermal conduction.

10

Unit III

DISCRETIZATION
Essence of discretization, Taylor series approach for the construction of finitedifference quotients; Higher order differencequotients, Up-wind
differencing,Midpoints leap frog method, Reflection boundary condition, Difference
equations, Explicitand Implicit approach: Definition and Contrasts, Errors and
analysis of stability, Error propagation, Stability properties ofExplicit and Implicit
methods.

05

Unit IV

FINITE VOLUME TECHNIQUES


Finite Volume discretization, Cell Centered Formulation, High resolution finite
volume upwind scheme,RungeKuttaTimeStepping,Multi Time Step Integration
scheme, Cell Vertex Formulation, Numerical dispersion.

10

Unit V

GRID GENERATION

05

Body fitted coordinate system, Need for grid generation, Essential properties of grids,
Types of grids (O-type, C-type andH-type), Various grid generation techniques,
Algebraic and Numerical grid generation, Elliptic grid generation, Structured, Unstructured grids, Adaptive grids, Grid collapse, Multi-Grid methods ,Grid accuracies.
Unit VI

APPROPRIATE TRANSFORMATION
General transformation of equations, Metrics and Jacobians, Generic form of the
governing flow equations with strongconservative form in the transformed space,
Transformation of continuity equation from physical plane into computationalplane;
application of grids stretching,

Text Books:
1. Fletcher, C,A,J,, Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics, Vols, I and II, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1911.

2. Klaus A Hoffmann and Steve T, Chiang, Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers,
Vols, I and II, Engineering Education System, P,O, Box 20071, W,Wichita, K,S,, 67201 1071 USA, 1993.

Reference Books:
1. Anderson, Jr,D,, Fundamentals of Aerodynamics, McGraw-Hill, 2000,
2. John F, Wendt (Editor), Computational Fluid Dynamics - An Introduction, Springer
Verlag, Berlin, 1992.

3. Charles Hirsch, Numerical Computation of Internal and External Flows, Vols, I and II,
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1911,

List of Experiments (Minimum 10):


1 Introduction to Meshing and Simulating Tool,eg, ANSYS(GAMBIT and FLUENT)
2 Modeling of Symmetric Aerofoil geometry and Grid generation
3 Modeling of 2-D Incompressible and In viscid flow over an aerofoil, Computations
and analysis for velocity vectors and pressures distributions
4 Incompressible and Viscous flow analysis for velocity vectors and pressures
distributions over an aerofoil
5 Geometric modeling and mesh generation of 2-D Convergent-Divergent nozzle and
Compressible flow analysis inside the nozzle
6 3-D Grid generation inside a Convergent-Divergent nozzle
7 Compressible flow analysis inside a 3-D Convergent-Divergent nozzle
8 Modeling of 3-D Incompressible and in viscid flow over a slender body,
Computations and analysis for velocity vectors, contours and pressures distributions
9 Modeling of 3-D Compressible flow over a blunt body
10 3-D computations and flow analysis for density contours, velocity vectors and
pressures distributions

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B,E, (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

05

3. Control Theory Application to Flight Control Systems


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs / week


Practical: 2hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Create awareness of fundamental concepts of control systems and Mathematical modeling
of the system
2 Enrich concept of time response, Frequency response of the system and the basics of
stability analysis of the system
3 Enable the concept of aircraft response to control systems,
4 Enable classical control theory to analysis and Design of Autopilots
5 Enrich students with Modern control theory and Design of optimal control systems
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Represent the mathematical model of a system
2 Determine the response of different order systems for various step inputs and analyze the
stability of the system
3 Understand typical Aircrafts Autopilot systems of Civil and Military Aircraft their
description design, construction, operation, Performance,
4 Understand limitations of classical methods of control system and understand state space
modeling, analysis,
5 Understand optimal control system design and their application to stability augmentation
and aircraft autopilots
Unit I

Unit II

UnitIII

INTRODUCTION
Concepts of Control Systems, Open Loop and closed loop control systems Classification
of control systems, Feed-Back Characteristics, Effects of feedback, Mathematical
models Differential equations, Impulse Response and Transfer functions Translational and rotational mechanical systems analogies - Mechanical and Electrical
components, Development of flight control systems, Transfer Function of DC Servo
motor - AC servo motor- synchro transmitter and receiver, Block diagram representation
of electrical systems ,Representation by signal flow graph , Reduction using Masons
Gain Formula.
TRANSIENT, STEADY-STATE RESPONSE ANALYSIS AND CONCEPT OF
STABILITY
Standard test signals ,Time response of first order systems, Characteristic Equation of
Feedback control systems, Transient response of second order systems ,Time domain
specifications, Steady state response, Steady state errors ,Effects of proportional
derivative, Proportional integral systems, Proportional integral derivative system,
Stability definitions, characteristic equation, location of roots in the s-plane for stability,
Routh-Hurwitz criteria of stability, Root locus and bode techniques, Concept and
construction, Frequency response.

AIRCRAFT RESPONSE TO CONTROLS

07

07

06

Approximations to aircraft transfer functions, Control Surface actuators Review,


Response of Aircraft to Pilot's control inputs to atmosphere, The control task of the pilot,
Flying qualities of aircraft, relation to airframe transfer function, Reversible and
Irreversible flight control systems, Pilot's opinion ratings, Flying quality requirements
pole-zero, Frequency Response and Time-Response specifications, Stability
augmentation systems- displacement and rate feedback, determination of gains, conflict
with pilot inputs, Resolution, Control augmentation systems, Full authority fly-by-wire,
Need for automatic control.
Unit IV

APPLICATION OF CLASSICAL CONTROL THEORY TO ANALYSIS AND


DESIGN OF AUTOPILOTS
Autopilots- purpose, functioning- inputs- hold, command, track, Displacement
autopilots, pitch, yaw, bank, altitude and velocity hold- purpose, Maneuvering
autopilots- normal acceleration, turn rate, pitch rate commands- applications, Autopilot
design by displacement and rate feedback- Iterative methods, design by displacement
feedback and series PID compensator ,Zeigler and Nichols method, Autopilots viewed as
stability augmentors, Robust control, Typical aircraft autopilots of civil and military
aircraft description of design, construction, operation, performance.

Unit V

MODERN CONTROL THEORY- STATE SPACE MODELING, ANALYSIS


Limitations of classical methods of control system modeling, Analysis and design,
Applied to complex, multiple input multiple output systems, State space modeling of
dynamical systems, state variables, definition, state equations, The output variable, the
output equation, representation by vector matrix first order differential equations,
General form, time invariant linear systems, Matrix transfer function, State transition
matrix, matrix exponential, Properties, numerical solution of state equations, illustrative
examples,
OPTIMAL CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN- APPLICATION TO STABILITY
AUGMENTATION AND AIRCRAFT AUTOPILOTS
Statement of the problem, The objective function, Inclusion of cost constraints,
Determination of Feedback Gain Matrix, Outline of the solution, Illustrative examples,
Application to stability augmentation, extension to autopilot design, Digital control
systems- overview- advantages, disadvantages

Unit VI

Text Books:
1.
Kuo, B,C,, Automatic Control Systems, Prentice Hall India, 1992, ISBN 0-87692-133-0.
2.
Stevens, B,L, and Lewis, F,L,, Aircraft Control and Simulation, John Wiley, 1992, ISBN0471-61397-5.
3.
Nelson, R,C, Flight Stability and Automatic Control, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007,
ISBN: 0-07-066110-3.
4.
Yechout, T,R Introduction to Aircraft Flight Mechanics, AIAA, 2003, ISBN 1-56347-577-4.
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.

Mc Lean, D,, Automatic Flight Control Systems, Prentice Hall, 1990, ISBN: 0-13-154008-0.
Bryson, A,E,, Control of Aircraft and Spacecraft, Princeton University Press, 1994, ISBN: 0691-08782-2.
Collinson, R,P,G, Introduction to Avionics Systems, 2nd edition, Springer, 2003, ISBN: 97881-8489-795-1.

TERM WORK: Minimum TEN Assignments based on above syllabus.

07

06

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

4. Helicopter Theory (Elective -I)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs / week
Practical: 2hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory :100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Enable lift, propulsion and control of V/ STOL aircraft
2 Enable helicopter aerodynamics
3 Enable knowledge on ideal rotor theory
4 Enrich the knowledge on power estimates
5 Give knowledge on ground effect machines
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the various configuration propulsive devices and its performances at
different flight conditions
2 Acquire a knowledge of different types of helicopter and its control system
3 Understand the momentum theory, power estimation and constant chord and ideal
twist rotors
4 Understand power requirements, performance curves, variation altitude in forward
flight and helicopter stability
5 Understand hovercraft types, Lift augmentation and Power calculations of plenum
chambers, Applications.

Unit I

ELEMENTS OF HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS & ROTOR CONTROL

08

ELEMENTS OF HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS


Configurations based on torque reaction ,Jet Rotors and Compound Helicopters
ROTOR CONTROL
Methods of Control ,Collective and cyclic pitches changes ,Lead ,Lag and flapping
hinges
Unit II

IDEAL ROTOR THEORY


Hovering performance,Momentum and Simple blade element theories.

Unit III

ROTOR PERFORMANCE
Figure of merit,Profile and induced power estimation, Constant chord and ideal
twist rotors.

Unit IV

POWER ESTIMATES, STABILITY & TRIMPOWER ESTIMATES


Induced, profile and parasite power requirements in forward flight, Performance
curves witheffects of altitude.

06

06

08

STABILITY &TRIM
Preliminary ideas on Helicopter stability.
Unit V

LIFT and CONTROL OF V/STOLAIRCRAFT

06

Various configurations - Propeller, Rotor ducted fan and jet lift - Tilt wing and
vectored thrust - Performances of VTOL and STOL aircraft in hover, Transition
and Forward motion.
Unit VI

GROUND EFFECT MACHINES


Types,Hover height, Lift augmentation and Powercalculations for plenum chamber
and peripheral jet machines, Drag of hovercraft on land and water. Applications of
hovercraft.

Text Books:
1. B.W. McCormic, Aerodynamics of V/STOL Flight, Academic Press, New York,
1978.
2. A. Gessow and G.C.Meyers, Aerodynamics of the Helicopter, Macmillan and Co.,
New York, 1982.
Reference Books:
1. G.H. Elsley and A.J. Devereux, Hovercraft Design and Construction, David Charies,
London, 1982.
2. Anderson J.D. Aerodynamics, John Wiley, 1995.
Term Work:
Minimum 10 Assignments based on above 6 modules.

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

4. Aircraft Design (Elective 1)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 Hrs/week
Practical: 2 Hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1
Introduce basics of the design process, sizing from a conceptual view-point.
Concepts of airfoil and geometry selection thrust to weight ratio, wing loading.
2
Introduce how Initializingand configuration layout, crewstation,passengers and payload
3
happens

4
5
6

Introduce basics of Propulsion and fuel system integration, landing gear and
subsystems.
Basic understanding of baseline design, stability and control, performance and constraint
analysis.
Introduce Cost estimation, parametric analysis, optimization, refined sizing and trade
studies conducted.

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1
Understand basics of the design process, sizing from a conceptual viewpoint.
Apply concepts of airfoil and geometry selection, thrust to weight ratio, wing loading.
2
3
Understand how sizing and configuration layout, crew station, passengers and payload
happens.

4
5
6

Understand concepts of propulsion and fuel system integration, landing gear and
subsystems.
Understand of baseline design, stability and control, performance and constraint analysis.
Apply concepts of cost estimation, parametric analysis, optimization, refined sizing and
trade studies.

Unit I

Unit II

OVERVIEW OF THE DESIGN PROCESS, SIZING FROM A


CONCEPTUAL SKETCH
Phases of aircraft design, Aircraft conceptual design process, Project brief / request for
proposal, Problem definition, Information retrieval, Aircraft requirements, configuration
options, Integrated product development and aircraft design, The initial conceptual
sketches, L / D estimation. Initial takeoff weight build-up, Empty weight estimation,
Historical trends, Fuel fraction estimation, Mission profiles, Mission segment weight
fractions.
AIRFOIL AND GEOMETRY SELECTION, THRUST TO WEIGHT RATIO,
WING LOADING
Airfoil selection, Airfoil design, Design lift coefficient, stall, Airfoil thickness ratio and
other airfoil considerations, Wing geometry and wing vertical location, Wing tip shapes,
Tail geometry and arrangements,
Thrust to weight ratio, Statistical estimation, Thrust matching, Wing loading, Performance
constraints, Selection of thrust-to-weight ratio and wing loading.

05

05

Unit III

Unit IV

INITIALSIZING AND CONFIGURATION LAYOUT, CREWSTATION,


PASSENGERS AND PAYLOAD
Sizing with fixed engine and with rubber engine. Geometry sizing of fuselage, wing, tail,
control surfaces, Development of configuration lay out from conceptual sketch, The
inboard profile drawing, Wetted area, Volume distribution and fuel volume plots, Loftingdefinition, significance and methods, Flat wrap lofting, Special consideration in
configuration lay out, Isobar tailoring, Sears-Haack volume distribution, structural load
paths, Radar, IR, visual detectability, aural signature, Considerations of vulnerability,
crashworthiness, Producibility, Maintainability.
Fuselage design- Crew station, Passenger Compartment, Cargo provisions, Weapons
carriage, Gun installation.
PROPULSION AND FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRATION, LANDING GEAR
AND SUBSYSTEMS
Propulsion selection, Jet engine integration, Engine dimensions, Inlet geometry, Inlet
location, Capture area calculation, Boundary layer diverters, Nozzle integration, Engine
cooling provisions, Engine size estimation, Fuel system design and integration, Landing
gear arrangements, guidelines for lay out, Shock absorbers ,Types, sizing, stroke
determination, gear load factors, Gear retraction geometry, Aircraft subsystems,
significance to configuration lay out, The baseline design layout and report of initial
specifications.

Unit V

BASELINE DESIGN ANALYSIS:


AERODYNAMICS AND PROPULSION, STRUCTURES and WEIGHT
AND BALANCE
Estimation of lift curve slope, Maximum lift coefficient, Complete drag build up, Installed
performance of an engine, Installed thrust methodology, Net propulsive force, part power
operation. Aircraft loads, categories, Manoeuvre, Gust, inertial, power plant, landing gear
loads, Limit loads, the V, n diagram, Air load distribution on lifting surfaces, Review of
methods of structural analysis, Material selection, Weights and moments- statistical group
estimation method, centre of gravity excursion control.
STABILITY and CONTROL, PERFORMANCE AND CONSTRAINT ANALYSIS
Estimation of static pitch stability, Velocity stability and trim. Estimation of stability and
control derivatives, Static lateral-directional stability and trim, Estimation of aircraft
dynamical characteristics, handling qualities. Cooper Harper scale, Relation to aircraft
dynamic characteristics,
Performance analysis and constraint analysis, Steady level flight, Minimum thrust required
for level flight, range and loiter endurance, Steady climbing and descending flight, Best
angle and rate of climb, Time to climb and fuel to climb, Level turning flight,
instantaneous turn rate, sustained turn rate, Energy maneuverability methods of optimal
climb trajectories and turns, The aircraft operating envelope, Take off analysis, Balanced
field length, Landing analysis, Fighter performance measures of merit, Effects of wind on
aircraft performance,
Initial technical report of baseline design analysis and evaluation, Refined baseline design
and report of specifications.

Unit VI

COST ESTIMATION, PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS, OPTIMISATION, REFINED


SIZING AND TRADE STUDIES
Elements of life cycle cost, Cost estimating method, RDT and E and production costs,

07

08

10

05

operation and maintenance costs, Fuel and oil costs, Crew salaries, Maintenance expenses,
depreciation. Cost measures of merit, Aircraft and airline economics, DOC and IOC,
Airline revenue, Breakeven analysis, Investment cost analysis, Parametric analysis and
optimization, Refined conceptual sizing methods, Sizing matrix plot and carpet plot, Trade
studies,Design trades, Requirement trades, growth sensitivities, Multivariable design
optimization methods, Measures of merit. Determination of final baseline design
configuration, preparation of type specification report.
TERM WORK:
CASE STUDIES AND DESIGN OF UNIQUE AIRCRAFT CONCEPTS (At least 3 types
from each below category to complete)
1. Design of DC 1, DC 2, DC- 3 aircraft, Boeing B-47 and 707, General Dynamics F-16,
SR-71 Blackbird, Northrop-Grumman B-2 Stealth Bomber.
2. A Survey of The Indian Aircraft Design Effort. Design Of VTOL Aircraft, Helicopters,
Hypersonic Vehicles, Delta And Double Delta Wings, Forward Swept Wings, Uninhabited
Air Vehicles.

Text Books:
1. Raymer, D.P., Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach, 3rdedition, AIAA Education
Series, AIAA, 1999, ISBN: 1-56347-281-0.
2. Howe, D., Aircraft Conceptual Design Synthesis, Professional Engineering
Publishing, London, 2000, ISBN: 1-86058-301-6.
3. Fielding, J.P., Introduction to Aircraft Design, Cambridge University Press, 2005,
ISBN: 0-521-657222-9.
Reference Books:
1. Anderson, J.D. Jr., Aircraft Performance and Design, McGraw-Hill, 1999, ISBN: 007-001971-1.
2. AIAA Aerospace Design Engineers Guide, 5th edition AIAA Education Series, 2003,
ISBN 1-56347-590-1.
3 Brandt, S.A. et. al., Introduction to Aeronautics: A Design Perspective, 2nd edition.,
AIAA Education Series, AIAA, 2004, ISBN: 1-56347-701-7
4 Jenkinson, L.R. and Marchman III, J. F., Aircraft Design Projects for Engineering
Students, Butterworth Heinemann, 2003, ISBN: 0 7506 5772 3.
5 Dole, C.E., Flight Theory and Aerodynamics: A Practical Guide to Operational
Safety, Wiley, 1981, ISBN: 0-471-09152-9
6 Stinton, The Design of the Airplane, 2nd edition, AIAA, 2001, ISBN: 0-56347-524-6.
7 Keane, A.J. And Nair, P.B., Computational Approaches for Aerospace Design,
Wiley, 2005, ISBN:0-470-85540-1.
8 http://www.desktopaero.com/appliedaero/preface/welcome.html
9 Kroo I., Applied Aerodynamics: A Digital Textbook, Desktop Aeronautics Inc.,
SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR
B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

4. Aircraft Maintenance and Repair (Elective -I)


Teaching Scheme

Examination

Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs./week
Practical: 2Hrs./ week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Overview of aircraft maintenance procedures briefly about different systems in
aircraft.
2 Introduce maintenance and repair by welding of aircraft structural components
through different techniques.
3 Introduce Sheet metal repair and maintenance through different techniques.
4 Introduce plastics and composites in aircraft repair and maintenance through
different techniques.
5 Introduce maintenance of different systems in aircraft including landing gear,
Hydraulic, Pneumatic, Rain, Fire, Ice protection systems.
6 Introduce importance of aircraft jacking, assembly and rigging of both fixed wing
and rotor wing aircraft.
7 Safety practices in maintenance and repair in overall aircraft including furnishings
and miscellaneous equipment.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand importance of aircraft maintenance procedures about different systems
in aircraft.
2 Understand maintenance and repair by welding of aircraft structural components
through different techniques.
3 Understand sheet metal repair and maintenance through different techniques.
4 Understand plastics and composites in aircraft repair and maintenance through
different techniques.
5 Understand basic maintenance of different systems in aircraft including landing
gear, Hydraulic, Pneumatic, Rain, Fire, Ice protection systems.
6 Understand procedures of aircraft jacking, assembly and riggingof both fixed wing
and rotor wing aircraft.
7 Understand SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures) to follow when safety practices
in maintenance and repair in overall aircraft including furnishings and
miscellaneous equipment.
Unit I

WELDING OF AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS


Equipments used in welding shop and their maintenance, Ensuring quality
welds , Welding jigs andfixtures, Soldering and brazing

06

Unit II

SHEET METAL REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE


Inspection of damage , Classification , Repair or replacement , Sheet metal
inspection , N.D.T. Testing , Riveted repair design, Damage investigation ,
Reverse technology.

08

Unit III

PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES IN AIRCRAFT


Review of types of plastics used in airplanes , Maintenance and repair of plastic
components , Repair ofcracks, holes etc., Various repair schemes , Scopes,
Inspection and Repair of composite components , Special precautions ,
Autoclaves.

06

Unit IV

AIRCRAFT JACKING, ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING


Airplane jacking, weighing and C.G. Location, Balancing of control surfaces,
Inspection maintenance, Helicopter flight controls. Tracking and balancing of
main rotor.

06

Unit V

REVIEW OF HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

08

Trouble shooting and maintenance practices, Service and inspection. , Inspection and
maintenance of landing gear systems, Inspection and maintenance of air-conditioning
and pressurisation system, Water and waste system, Installation and maintenance of
Instruments , handling , Testing ,Inspection and maintenance of auxiliary systems , Fire
protection systems , Ice protection system , Rain removal system , Position and
warning system , Auxiliary power units (APUs)

Unit VI

SAFETY PRACTICES
Hazardous materials storage and handling, Aircraft furnishing practices , Equipment.
Trouble shooting , Theory and practices.

Text Books:
1. Kroes, Watkins, Delp, Aircraft Maintenance and Repair, McGraw-Hill, New York,1992.
Reference Books:
1. Larry Reithmeir, Aircraft Repair Manual, Palamar Books, Marquette, 1992.
2. BrimmD.J. BoggesH.E., Aircraft Maintenance, Pitman Publishing corp. New
York, 1940

TERM WORK:
Minimum Ten Assignments should be submitted as per above syllabus

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

4. Flight Scheduling and Operations (Elective 1)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3Hrs. / week
Practical: 2 Hrs. / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce air transportation industry and compare with other modes of transport.
Significance of IATA, ICAO, General aviation industry airline, Factors affecting
general Aviation.
2 Introduce airline economics associated to factors which influence forecasting.
3 Introduce to fleet planning, Selection process, Factors affecting choice of fleet,
route selection.
4 Introduce toprinciples of airlines scheduling, Equipment maintenance, Flight
operations and crew scheduling and practices.
5 Introduce basics of Aircraft reliability with maintenance schedule and its Condition
monitoring, Importance of EROPS and ETOPS
6 Introduce overall perspective of airlines scheduling, Maintenance sharing of
equipment and tools for aircraft maintenance, Budgetary control.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand why Airlines, need and importance of IATA, ICAO.
2 Determine what factors and which influence forecastingof Airline economics.
3 Reason how fleet planning, selection process is done and in-turn factors which
affect choice of fleet, route selection.
4 Describe and understand principles of airlines scheduling, Equipment maintenance,
Flight operations and crew scheduling and practices
5 Understand importance of different aircraft reliability programs with maintenance
schedules and its condition monitoring, including importance of EROPS and
ETOPS
6 Reason why airlines scheduling, Maintenance sharing of equipment and Tools for
aircraft maintenance , Budgetary controland their importance
Unit I

INTRODUCTION
Development of air transportation, Comparison with other modes of transport, Role
of IATA, ICAO, General aviation industry airline, Factors affecting general
aviation,Use of aircraft, Airport: airlinemanagement and organization, Levels of
management, Functions of management, Principles of organization planning the
organization chart, staff departments and line departments

07

Unit II

AIRLINE ECONOMICS
Forecasting Fleet size, Fleet planning, The aircraft selection process, operating
cost, Passenger capacity, Load factor etc., Passenger fare and tariff, Influence of
geographical, Economic and Political factors onroutes and route selection.

07

Unit III

FLEET PLANNING

07

. The aircraft selection process, Fleet commonality, Factors affecting choice of fleet,
Route selection and capitol acquisition, Valuation and Depreciation, Budgeting,
Cost planning, Aircrew evaluation, Route analysis ,Aircraft evaluation
Unit IV

Unit V

PRINCIPLES OF AIRLINES SCHEDULING


Equipment maintenance, Flight operations and crew scheduling, Ground operations
and facility limitations, Equipments and types of schedule, Hub and spoke
scheduling, Advantages / disadvantages and preparing flight plans, Aircraft
scheduling in line with aircraft maintenance practices
AIRCRAFT RELIABILITY

07

06

Aircraft reliability, The maintenance schedule and its determinations, Condition


monitoring maintenance, Extended range operations (EROPS) and ETOPS, Ageing
aircraft maintenance production
Unit VI

AIRLINES SCHEDULING
Airlines scheduling (with reference to engineering),Product support and spares,
Maintenance sharing, Equipments and tools for aircraft maintenance ,Aircraft
weight control, Budgetary control.

Text Books:
1. FedricJ.H., Airport Management, 2000.
2. C.H. Friend, Aircraft Maintenance Management, 2000.
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Gene Kropf, Airline Procedures.


WilsonandBryon, Air Transportation.
Philip LocklinD, Economics of Transportation.
Indian Aircraft manual DGCA Publication.
Alexander T.Wells, Air Transportation, Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, 1993

TERM WORK: Minimum TEN Assignments based on above units.

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

4. Aircraft Materials (Elective 1)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce to Basics of mechanical behaviour of engineering materials
2 Introduce to different kind of materials in Aircraft construction
3 Introduce Adhesive and sealants for aircraft used in Aircraft Industry
4 Introduce to importance of Corrosion and Heat treatment of metals and alloys used
in Aircraft Industry
5 Introduce to Composites in Aircraft construction
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand and reason with basic mechanical behaviour of engineering materials
2 Reason why different kind of materials in Aircraft construction are required and
Justify.
3 Understand which Adhesive and sealantsareused in Aircraft Industry and reason.
4 Justify why Corrosion and Heat treatment of metals and alloys are required and
what kinds are used in Aircraft Industry.
5 Understand the importance of Composites in Aircraft constructionand overall
benefits and applications in maintenance perspective.
Unit I

Unit II

Unit III

Unit IV

MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS


Knowledge of various Types of Hardness Testing Machines and various types of
Hardness Numbers,Linear and Nonlinear Elastic Properties, Stress and Strain
Curves, Yielding and StrainHardening, Toughness, Modules of resilience,
Bauchingers effect, Effect of notches, Testing and flaw detection of materials
and components.
MATERIALS IN AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTION - I
Aluminium and its alloys: Types and identification. Properties, Castings, Heat
treatment processes, Surface treatments.
Magnesium and its alloys: Cast and Wrought alloys, Aircraft application,
Features specification, Fabricationproblems, Special treatments.
Titanium and its alloys: Applications, machining, forming, welding and heat
treatment.
MATERIALS IN AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTION - II
Steels: Plain and low carbon steels, Various low alloy steels, Aircraft steel
specifications, Corrosion and heat resistant steels, Structural applications,
Maraging Steels: Properties and Applications
Copper Alloys Monel, K.Monel
Super Alloys: Use Nickel base Cobalt base Iron base Forging and
Casting of Super alloys Welding, Heat treatment.

07

ADHESIVE AND SEALANTS FOR AIRCRAFT

08

06

07

Advantages of Bonded structure in airframes, Crack arresting, Weight saving


,Technology of adhesive,Bonding structural adhesive materials,Test for bonding
structure, Typical bonded joints and non destructive tests for bonded joint,
Bonded sandwich structures, Materials, Methods of construction of honeycombs
Unit V

Unit VI

CORROSION AND HEAT TREATMENT OF METALS AND ALLOYS


Types of corrosion, Effect of corrosion on mechanical properties, Stress
corrosion cracking, Protection against corrosion, Corrosion resistant materials
used in aircraft.
COMPOSITES IN AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTION
Composites and their types, Polymer matrix composites: Various processing
Techniques, Open mold processes, Closed mold processes, Filament winding,
Pultrusion, Ceramic Matrix composites, Various processing techniques,
Aerospace applications of composites.

Text Books:
1. Lalith Gupta, Aircraft General Engineering Himalaya Book House, Delhi 2003
2. HajiraChowdhry, Workshop Technology Vol 1 and 2 ,Nedia Promoters,
Mumbai
Reference Books:
1. Aircraft Material and Processes , Titterton 2004
2. Advanced Composite Materials ,Lalith Gupta 2006, Himalaya Book House, Delhi
List of Experiments:1 Hardness Test
2 Tensile Test
3 NDT test
4 Impact Test
5 Manufacturing of a laminate
6 Dismantling and reassembling of an aircraft piston engine
7 Aircraft wood gluing- single and double scarf joints
8 Study of camshaft operation, firing order and magneto, valve timing
9 Study of auxiliary systems, pumps and carburetor
10 Study of Lubrication and cooling system

05

07

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

5. Industrial Aerodynamics (Elective II)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs./week
Practical: 2Hrs./ week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 To enabling concept of atmosphere
2 To enable knowledge of aerodynamics on bluff bodies
3 To enable the wind energy calculation
4 To enable knowledge on vehicle aerodynamics
5 To enrich the knowledge on building aerodynamics
6 To give knowledge on flow inducted vibrations
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the types of winds, its variation, atmospheric boundary layer, effect
terrain w.r.t gradient and flows
2 Have knowledge on Bluff body aerodynamics
3 Have a fundamental knowledge on different types wind machines and Betz
coefficient momentum theory
4 Understand the power requirements and drag coefficients of automobiles, Effects of
cut back angle, Aerodynamics of trains and hovercraft
5 Understand of pressure distribution, forces of building and special problems of tall
buildings.
6 Understand effects of Reynolds number, wake formation of bluff shapes, vortex
induced vibrations, galloping and stall flutter

Unit I

ATMOSPHERE
Types of winds, Causes of variation of winds, Atmospheric boundary layer,
Effect of terrain on gradient height, Structure of turbulent flows.

06

Unit II

BLUFF BODY AERODYNAMICS


Boundary layers and separation, Two dimensional wake and vertex
formation, Strouhal and Reynolds numbers , Separation and reattachments,
Power requirements and drag coefficients of automobiles, Effect of cut back
angle, Aerodynamics of Trains

08

Unit III

WIND ENERGY COLLECTORS


Horizontal axis and vertical Axis Machines, Power coefficient, Betz
coefficient by momentum theory.

06

Unit IV

VEHICLE AERODYNAMICS
Power requirements and drag coefficients of automobiles, Effects of cut back
angle, Aerodynamics of trains and hovercraft.

06

Unit V

Unit VI

BUILDING AERODYNAMICS
Pressure distribution on low rise buildings, Wind forces on buildings.
Environmental winds in city blocks, Special problems of tall buildings,
Building codes, Building ventilation and architectural aerodynamics.
FLOW INDUCED VIBRATIONS
Effects of Reynolds number on wake formation of bluff shapes, Vortex
induced vibrations, Galloping and stall flutter.

Text Books:
1. M.Sovran (Ed), Aerodynamics drag mechanisms of bluff bodies and road vehicles,
Plenum press, New York, 1978.
2. P. Sachs, Winds Forces In Engineering, Pergamon Press, 1978.
3. Scorer.R.S EnvironmentalAerodynamicsEllisHarwoodltd ,England ,1978.
Reference Books:
1. R.D. Blevins, Flow Induced vibrations, Van Nostrand, 1990.
2. N.G. Calvent, Wind Power Principles, Charles Griffin and Co., London, 1979.
Term Work:
Minimum TEN assignments to be submitted based on following topics.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Types of winds, Causes of variation of winds


Effect of terrain on gradient height
Bluff body aerodynamics
Horizontal axis and vertical Axis Machines
Betz coefficient by momentum theory
Power requirements and drag coefficients of automobiles
Aerodynamics of trains and hovercraft
Wind forces on buildings
Problems of tall buildings
Architectural aerodynamics
Effects of Reynolds number on wake formation of bluff shapes
Vortex induced vibrations

08

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

5. Heat Transfer (Elective II)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs / week


Practical: 2hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Study physical behaviour of various modes of heat transfer, like, conduction,
convection and radiation.
2 Study application of various experimental heat transfer correlations in engineering
calculations.
3 Study thermal Analysis and sizing of heat exchangers.
4 Basic concept of mass transfer, its types and its correlations.
5 Study the Heat Transfer problems in aircraft and rocket engine combustion
chamber.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the difference between various modes of Heat Transfer and the Resistance
Concept used in Heat Conduction.
2 Learn to use the basic methods in Conduction. Understand the concept of Lump
Parameter analysis and when it is applicable and earn the concepts of boundary layer.
3 Learn to apply various correlation used in Convective Heat Transfer and Understand
theconcepts of Black Body, Grey Body, View factor, Radiation shielding.
4 Design/size Heat Exchanger and understand the concept of Mass transfer, its types and
laws associated with it.
5 Learn to apply various technique used for high speed flow heat transfer.

Unit I

MODES OF HEAT TRANSFER


Introduction to heat transfer, Modes of heat transfer, Basic laws governing heat
transfer, Thermal conductivity and effect of temperature on thermal conductivity
of various materials.
CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER
Mechanism of heat conduction, Fouriers law of heat conduction, Heat conduction
through plane wall, Cylinder and sphere; Electrical analogy of heat conduction,
Generalized heat conduction equation in Cartesian co-ordinate, its reduction to
Fourier, Laplace and Poissons equations. Critical radius of insulation for cylinder
and sphere, One dimensional steady state heat conduction with uniform heat
generation for wall and cylinder.
Extended Surfaces: Types and applications of fins, Heat transfer through
rectangular and circular fins, Fin effectiveness and efficiency
Unsteady State Heat Conduction: Systems with negligible internal resistance,
Biot and Fourier number and their significance, Lumped Heat capacity Analysis.

12

Unit II

CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER


Introduction Natural and forced convection, Concept of hydrodynamic and
thermal boundary layer,:Local and average convective coefficient for laminar and
turbulent flow over flat plate and through pipe.
Forced Convection: Dimensional analysis applied to forced convection, Physical
significance of dimensionless numbers, Reynolds analogy for laminar flow,
Numerical correlations to solve various problems.
Natural Convection: Dimensional analysis applied to natural convection,
Physical significance of dimensionless numbers, Numerical correlations to solve
natural convection problems,

08

Unit III

RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER


Nature of thermal radiation, Definitions ofabsorbitivity, Reflectivity, transitivity,
Monochromatic emissive power. Total emissivepower and emissivity, Concept of
black body and gray body, Kirchoffs law, Weins law and Plancks law.
Deduction of Stefan Boltzman equation. Lambert cosine rule, Intensity of
radiation. Energy exchange byradiation between two black surfaces with nonabsorbing medium in between and in absence of reradiating surfaces, Geometric
shape factor. Energy exchange by radiation between two gray surfaces without
absorbing medium and absence of reradiation and Radiosity, Radiation shields.

08

Unit IV

HEAT EXCHANGERS
Classification, Temperature Distribution, Overall heat transfer coefficient, Heat
Exchange Analysis by LMTD and NTU method for parallel and counter flow.

04

Unit V

BOILING AND CONDENSATION


Pool boiling curves, Forced boiling, Techniques for enhancement of boiling,
Nusselts theory of condensation, Condensation number, Filmwise and dropwise
condensation.

04

Unit VI

HEAT TRANSFER PROBLEMS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING


High-Speed flow Heat Transfer, Heat Transfer problems in gas turbine combustion
chambers Rocket thrust chambers Aerodynamic heating Ablative heat
transfer.

04

Text Books:
1. Yunus A. Cengel., Heat Transfer A Practical Approach, 2 nd Edition, Tata
McGraw-Hill, 2002.
2. Incropera. F.P.andDewitt.D.P. Introduction to Heat Transfer, John Wiley and Sons
2002.
Reference Books:
1. Lienhard, J.H., A Heat Transfer Text Book, Prentice Hall Inc., 1911.
2. Holman, J.P. Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 6thEdition,
1991.
3. Sachdeva, S.C., Fundamentals of Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer, Wiley
Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 1911.
4. Mathur, M. and Sharma, R.P. Gas Turbine and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard
Publishers, New Delhi 1911.

TERM WORK:
List of Experiments (Minimum 10):
1 Determination of thermal conductivity of insulating powder.
2 Determination of thermal conductivity of composite wall or lagged pipe.
3 Determination of thermal conductivity of metals at different temperatures
4 Determination of heat transfer coefficient for natural convection.
5 Determination of heat transfer coefficient for forced convection.
6 Determination of emissivity.
7 Determination of Stefan Boltzmann Constant.
8 Boiling heat transfer.
9 Condensation heat transfer.
10 Trail on heat exchangers.
11 Heat pipe demonstration/trial.
12 Determination of mass transfer coefficient in Solid.
13 Two computer programs assignments.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

5. Total Quality Management (Elective II)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 Hrs/week
Practical: 2 Hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Understand term Quality, concepts of Total Quality Management, roles of personnel to
implement quality.
2 Introduce TQM principles its impact and relevance to Customer satisfaction.
3 Introduce Statistical fundamentals, tools of Quality, concept of Six-Sigma.
4 Introduce Quality systems their need and implementation universally.

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand Importance of term Quality, concepts of Total Quality Management,
roles of personnel to implement quality.
2 Understand TQM principles its impact and relevance to Customer satisfaction.
3 Understand Statistical fundamentals, tools of quality, concept of Six-Sigma.
4 Understand qualitysystems their need and implementation universally.

Unit I

INTRODUCTION
Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs Analysis Techniques for QualityCosts, Basic concepts of Total Quality
Management, Historical Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership Concepts,
Role of Senior Management, Quality Council, Quality Statements, Strategic
Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM Implementation.

08

Unit II

TQM PRINCIPLES
Customer satisfaction , Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Complaints, Service
Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement , Motivation, Empowerment,
Teams, Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal, Benefits, Continuous Process
Improvement Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S, Kaizen, Supplier Partnership
Partnering, Sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier Rating, Relationship Development,
Performance Measures Basic Concepts, Strategy, Performance measure.

06

Unit III

TQM TOOLS AND STATISTICAL FUNDAMENTALS


The seven traditional tools of quality ,New management tools ,Six sigma: Concepts,
methodology, Applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT , Bench
marking Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process , FMEA , Stages, Types.
STATISTICAL FUNDAMENTALS

08

Measures of central Tendency and Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal


Curve, Control Charts for variables and attributes, Process capability.
Unit IV

TQM TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES


Quality circles, Quality Function Development (QFD), Taguchi quality loss function,
TPM, Concepts, improvement needs, Cost of Quality Performance measures.

06

Unit V

TQM TOOLS
Benchmarking, Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality Function
Deployment (QFD), House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi Quality Loss
Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), Concept, Improvement Needs, FMEA
Stages of FMEA.

06

Unit VI

QUALITY SYSTEMS
Need for ISO 9000 and Other Quality Systems, ISO 9000:2000 Quality System
Elements, Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality Auditing, QS
9000, ISO 14000 Concept, Requirements and Benefits.

06

Text Books:
1. DaleH.Besterfiled, et al., Total Quality Management, Pearson Education, Inc. 2004.
2. JamesR.Evansand William M.Lidsay, The Management and Control of Quality, (5th
Edition),
South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2002.
Reference Books:
1. Feigenbaum.A.V. Total Quality Management, McGraw Hill, 2004.
2. Oakland.J.S. Total Quality Management Butterworth, Heinemann Ltd., Oxford.
2005.
3. Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. Quality Management Concepts and Tasks, New
Age International

Term Work:
At least 10 Assignments from following topics,
1. Concept of Quality, quality cost and Analysis Techniques for QualityCosts
2. Concept and principles of TQM, Barriers to TQM Implementation
3. Deming Philosophy
4. Leadership concepts

5. JuransQualitytriology, PDSA Cycle and concept of 5S


6. Concept of Kaizen and its applications
7. Supplier Partnership

8. Six-sigma-meaning andbenefits
9. ReasonsandProcess ofBenchmarking
10. Concept of FMEA: Stages and Types.
11. Measures of central Tendency and Dispersion
12. Quality circles, Taguchi quality loss function, TPM
13. House of Quality, QFD
14. Quality systems: ISO 9000, ISO 9000:2000meaningandBenefit
15. QS 9000, ISO 14000 Concept, Requirements and Benefits.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

5. Computer Aided Design and Analysis (Elective II)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs/ week


Practical: 2hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce the students to CAD and computer graphics
2 Give the knowledge of geometric modelling
3 Have a knowledge of Numerical Control
4 Give the knowledge of Computer Aided Process Planning
5 Have a knowledge of Computer Aided Quality Control
6 Introduce the basic of computer integrated manufacturing systems.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the CAD tools
2 Understand the geometric modeling.
3 Demonstrate the design skills using different CAD tools
4 Write the CNC program and simulate the respective program.
5 Use CAD models for Computer Aided Manufacturing.
Unit I

Introduction
Computers in Industrial Manufacturing, Product cycle, CAD / CAM Hardware,
Basic structure, CPU,Memory types, Input devices, Display devices, Hard copy
devices, and storage devices.
Computer Graphics:
Raster scan graphics coordinate system, Database structure for graphics
modeling, Transformation of geometry,3D transformations, Mathematics of
projections, Clipping, Hidden surfaceremoval.

07

Unit II

Geometric modeling: Requirements, Geometric models, Geometric construction


models, Curve representation methods, Surface representation methods,
Modeling facilities desired.

05

Unit III

Numerical control :
NC, NC modes, NC elements, NC machine tools, Structure of CNC machine
tools, Features of Machining center, Turning center, CNC Part Programming:
fundamentals, Manual part programming methods, Computer Aided Part
Programming.

08

Unit IV

Group Tech:
Part family, Coding and classification, Production flow analysis, Advantages and
limitations, Computer Aided Processes Planning, Retrieval type and Generative
type.

06

Unit V

Unit VI

Computer Aided Quality Control:


Terminology in quality control,The computer in QC, Contact inspection methods,
Noncontact inspection methods-optical, Computer aided testing, Integration of
CAQC with CAD/CAM.
Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems:
Types of Manufacturing systems, Machine tools and related equipment, material
handling systems, computer control systems, human labor in the manufacturing
systems, CIMS benefits.

Text Books:
1. CAD / CAM A ZimmersandP.Groover/PE/PHI
2. CAD / CAM Theory and Practice / Ibrahim Zeid / TMH
Reference Books:
1 Automation , Production systems and Computer integrated Manufacturing/
Groover/P.E
2 CAD / CAM / CIM / Radhakrishnan and Subramanian / New Age
3 Principles of Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing / FaridAmirouche / Pearson
4 CAD/CAM: Concepts and Applications/Alavala/ PHI
5 Computer Numerical Control Concepts and programming / Warren S Seames /
Thomson.
List of Experiments
1
2
3
4
5

2D Drawing of aircraft piston engine parts


Four components of aircraft piston engine drawing
Assembly of the aircraft piston engine
CNC programs and simulation on CNC turning machine.
CNC programs and simulation on CNC milling machine.

08

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

5. Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (Elective II)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs./ Week
Practical: 2 Hrs./ Week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Make students realize the importance of aircraft maintenance with its need and developing
different programs for maintenance of Aircrafts.
2 Teach and Emphasize basic criterion for certification of Aircraft design and Aircraft
components, Aircraft systems with their requirements and documentation with respect to
maintenance perspective.
3 Enrich students with basic M and E Organizational Structure and Production Planning and
Control
4

Introduce different maintenance programs including Line Maintenance, Hangar


Maintenance and Maintenance, Overhaul Shops

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the importance of Aircraft Maintenance with its need and developing different
programs for maintenance of Aircrafts.
2 Understand the basic criterion for certification of Aircraft design and Aircraft components,
systems their requirements and documentation with respect to maintenance perspective.
3 Understand the importance of Reliability, Maintenance, Safety and Trouble shooting and
especially preventive techniques in maintenance.
UnitI

NEEDFOR MAINTENANCEAND EVELOPMENT OF MAINTENANCE


PROGRAMS
NEED FOR MAINTENANCE
Role of Engineer, Role of mechanic, Types of maintenance, Reliability, Redesign,Failure
rate patterns, Establishing a maintenance program
DEVELOPMENT OF MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS
Maintenance steering group approach, Process oriented maintenance, Task oriented
maintenance, Maintenance program documents, Maintenance intervals, Changing basic
intervals, Goals and objectives in maintenance, maintenance program content

UnitII

CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS AND DOCUMENTATION FOR


MAINTENANCE
Aircraft certification, Delivery inspection, Operator certification, Certification of personnel,
Aviation industry interaction; Manufactures documentation-Regulatory documentationAirline generated documentation

UnitIII

MAINTENANCE AND ENGINEERING ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE,


PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL

06

06

06

MAINTENANCE AND ENGINEERING


M and E organizational chart, Manager level functions, Organizational structure, Variation of
the typical organization
PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
Forecasting, Production Planning, Production Control-Feedback for Planning
UnitIV

LINE MAINTENANCE, HANGAR MAINTENANCE and MAINTENANCE


OVERHAUL SHOPS
Makeup of line maintenance, Maintenance center responsibilities, Line operations, Aircraft
logbooks, ramp and terminal operations, Line station activities; Organization of hangar
maintenance, Problem areas of hangar maintenance, Maintenance support shops, ground
support equipment, A typical C check; Organization of overhaul shops, Operation of
overhaul shops, shop data collection

UnitV

QUALITY CONTROL and QUALITY ASSURANCE


Quality control organization, Basic inspection policies, Requirement for quality assurance,
Quality audits-ISO 9000 standards, Technical records

UnitVI

RELIABILITY, MAINTENANCE SAFETY AND TROUBLE SHOOTING


Types of reliability, Typical reliability program, Administration of reliability program;
Industrial safety-safety regulations maintenance safety program, Accident and injury
reporting; Three levels of trouble shooting, Knowledge of malfunctions building a
knowledge base, Understanding the sequence of events, Eight concepts of trouble shooting

Text Books:
1. Harry A Kinnison, and Harry Kinnison, Aviation Maintenance Management,
McGraw-Hill, 2004
Reference Books:
1. C.H.Friend, Aircraft Maintenance Management, Longman, 1992
Term Work:
Minimum Eight Assignments based on above units.

08

06

08

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

6. Industrial Training
Examination
Scheme
TW : 50 Marks
Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
Give an insight of practical Experience/ Exposure to student who attends to Industrial
Training in their choice of Industry in their core discipline accepted by Institute.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
As a student undergoes Industrial training in their choice of area/ interest in their core
discipline accepted by Institute they are expected to re-affirm their choices made, and
consolidate on them, as this would give them a real-time feel and hands on exposure in
their core area of choice, So all the dos and dont s of that specific area and actual skill
needs and demands would become more realistic and certain to student. Who would later
choose more practically what their requirement is with their skill sets.
List of Topics:
All or any areas of Aeronautical and Aerospace domain, where a student could choose or
opt to get Industrial training in Industry practically.
Duration:
Atleast TWO weeks and not exceeding FOUR weeks with the permission of Head of
Department and Institutional Head i.e., Principal.
Approval is needed by Institution: as Institution will validate the program and areas
chosen by student would benefit and give exposure as required by curriculum.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- I

7. Project Phase I
Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Practical: 2hrs / week

TW : 50 Marks

Course Objectives:
Students will be able to solve problems related with Aeronautical or Aerospace
engineering using knowledge of mathematics, basic sciences, Aeronautical engineering and
relevant engineering disciplines and skills developed during graduation studies to
demonstrate:
i.

Ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret


data.
ii. Ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired specifications
within realistic constraints.
iii. Ability to function on multidisciplinary teams.
iv. An ability to identify, formulates, and solve engineering problems.
v. Understanding of professional and ethical responsibility and ability to
communicate effectively.
vi. Understand impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental
and societal context.
vii. Recognize need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.
viii. Awareness of contemporary issues and ability to use the techniques, skills and
modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
ix. Ability to find out, articulate the local industrial problems and solve with the use
of Aeronautical engineering tools for realistic outcomes.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able/expected to:
Demonstrate and realize all the above mentioned abilities with respect to Aeronautical
engineering and allied disciplines which may also include inter-disciplinary engineering
abilities and skills.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

1.Finite Element Method


Teaching Scheme
Lectures :3 hrs/ week
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Understand fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis/Methods and importance of FEM
2 Understand the type of analysis, element to be used, boundry conditions, importance of
symmetry.
3 Understand different co-ordinate systems, shape functions, stiffness matrices.
4

Study higher order element formulation and field problems.

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1
2
3
4
5

Distinguish between different methods of analysis, analyze primary steps of FEM


Finding approximate solutions by using different methods.
Select proper elements, boundary conditions and shape functions
Understand natural coordinate system and solve 1D, 2D problems.
Understand numerical integration and formulate higher order shape function for Quadratic.

Unit I

Introduction:
Brief history, Introduction to Matrix Notation, General steps of FEM using a
simple 1-d element for stress analysis of a stepped bar, Thermal rod, Heat
conduction through wall. Applications of FEM.
Types of Analysis
Linear Static Analysis, Non Linear Analysis ,Dynamic Analysis, Linear
Buckling Analysis, Thermal Analysis, Fatigue Analysis, Optimization,
Computational Fluid Dynamics, Crash Analysis, Noise , Vibration And
Harshness (NVH)
Meshing
Types of element, concepts of discretization, meshing techniques.
Basic Procedure
Principle Of Virtual Work, Principle of Minimum Potential Energy, Raleighs
Ritz Method. Direct Approach for Stiffness Matrix Formulation Of Bar
Element. Galerkins Method.

08

Unit III

Interpolation Models
Interpolation Polynomials- Linear and Quadratic, Simplex, Complex and
Multiplex Elements, Natural Coordinates.Cst Elements-Shape Functions and
Nodal Load Vector, Strain Displacement Matrix And Jacobian For Triangular
and Rectangular Element.

06

Unit IV

Solution of 1-D Bars

06

Unit II

06

Solutions of Bars And Stepped Bars For Displacements, Reactions And Stresses
By Using Penalty Approach And Elimination Approach. Guass-Elimination
Technique.
Unit V

Unit VI

Higher Order Elements


Higher Order One Dimensional Elements-Quadratic And Their Shape
Functions. Shape Function of 2-D Quadrilateral Element-Linear, Quadraticc
Element Iso Parametric And Sub Parametric.
Trusses And Beams
Trusses
Stiffness Matrix of Truss Element. Numerical Problems.
Beams
HermiteShape Functions for Beam Element, Derivation Of Stiffness Matrix.
Numerical Problems of Beams Carrying Concentrated, UDL and Linearly
Varying Loads.

Text Books:
1. Tirupathi.R. Chandrapatha and Ashok D. Belegundu, Introduction to Finite
Elements in Engineering, Prentice
2. Text Book Of Finite Element Analysis by P. Seshu, Prentice Hall of India Private
Limited, New Delhi, 2003.
Reference Books:
1. Reddy J.N. An Introduction to Finite Element Method, McGraw-Hill, 2000
2. Krishnamurthy, C.S., Finite Element Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2000.
3. Bathe, K.J. and Wilson, E.L., Numerical Methods in Finite Elements Analysis,
Prentice Hall of India, 1915.
4. An Introduction to Finite Element Method; J. N. Reddy; 2/e, McGraw Hill
International Editions, ISBN 0-07-112799-2
5. Finite Element Methods for Engineers; U.S. Dixit, Cengage Learning.
6. Practical Finite Element Analysis, N.S. Gokhale, S.S. Deshpande, S.V. Bedekar, A.N.
Thite, Finite to Infinite Publication.
7. The Finite Element Method for Engineers Huebner Willy India
8. Finite Element Analysis Theory and Practice; M.J. Fagan, Longman Scientific and
Technical.

TERM WORK:
Minimum Ten Assignments based on the above units.
1. General steps of FEM using a simple 1-d element for stress analysis of a stepped bar
2. Types of Finite element Analysis
3. Concepts of discretization and types of elements
4. Principle of Virtual Work and Principle of Minimum Potential Energy
5. Raleighs Ritz Method
6. Direct Approach for Stiffness Matrix Formulation of Bar Element
7. Galerkins Method
8. Interpolation Polynomials- Linear and Quadratic, Simplex, Complex and Multiplex
Elements
9. Strain Displacement Matrix and Jacobian for Triangular and Rectangular Element.

06

08

10. Solutions of Bars and Stepped Bars for Displacements, Reactions and Stresses by
Using Penalty Approach and Elimination Approach.
11. Guass-Elimination Technique.
12. Higher Order One Dimensional Elements-Quadratic And Their Shape Functions
13. Shape Function of 2-D Quadrilateral Element
14. Stiffness Matrix of Truss Element-Numerical Problems.
15. Hermite Shape Functions for Beam Element, Derivation of Stiffness Matrix.
16. Numerical Problems of Beams Carrying Concentrated, UDL and Linearly Varying
Loads.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

2. Avionics and Instrument Systems


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3Hrs/week
Practical: 2 Hrs/ week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Know the various types ofairplanesflight control systems, itscomponents and
applications.
2 Know the working principle of flight deck and display systems
3 Understand the various types of Aircraft instrumentation - sensors and displays
4 Understand the purpose of fuel system and its component requirement in a modern
aircraft.
5 Understand systems design and development, specifications and requirement,
guidelines and certification
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Acquaint with various types of aircrafts flight control systems, its components and
applications.
2 Understand the working principle of flight deck and display systems.
3 Understand various types of Aircraft instrumentation - sensors and displays
4 Understand the purpose of fuel system and its component requirement in a modern
aircraft.
5 Understand systems design and development, specifications and requirement,
guidelines and certification.
Unit I

Unit II

Unit III

Unit IV

Basics
Basic principles of Avionics Typical avionics sub system in civil/ military aircraft
and space vehicles.
Flight Deck and Display Systems
Flight deck display technologies, CRT, LED, LCD, Touch screen , Head up display
,Electronic instrumentation systems.
Flight Control Systems
Principles of flight control, Flight control surfaces, Control surface actuation, Flight
control linkage systems, Trim andfeel. Power control, Mechanical, Direct drive,
Electromechanical, Electro-hydrostatic actuation,Multiple redundancy, The fly by wire
system, Airbus and Boeing implementations. Inter-relationship of flight control,
Guidance and vehiclemanagement systems.
Engine Control Systems
The engine control problem, Fuel flow control, Air flow control, Control system
parameters, Example systems, Design criteria, Engine starting, Fuel control, Ignition
control, Engine rotation, Throttle levers, Engine indications, Engine controlon a
modern civil aircraft, Integrated flight and propulsion control.

06

Aircraft Instrumentation - Sensors and Displays

08

08

06

Unit V

Air data sensors, Magnetic sensing, Inertial sensing, Radar sensors. The
electromechanical instrumented flight deck, Early flight deck instruments, Attitude
direction indicator, Horizontal situation indicator, Altimeter, Airspeed indicator,
Advanced flight deck display system architectures, Display systems, Display media,
Future flight deck displays.
Fuel Systems

06

Characteristics of aircraft fuel systems, Fuel system components, Fuel transfer pumps,
Fuel booster pumps, Fueltransfer valves, Non return valves. Fuel quantity measurement
systems, Level sensors, Fuel gauging probes. Fuelsystem operation, Fuel
pressurization, Engine feed, Fuel transfer, Use of fuel as heat sink, External fuel tanks,
Fueljettison, In-flight refueling, Integrated civil aircraft fuel systems.
Unit VI

Systems Design and Development


System design, Specifications and requirement, Regulations, Guidelines and
certification. Safety processes, Functional hazard analysis, Preliminary systems safety
analysis, System safety analysis, Common cause analysis. Requirements capture, Topdown approach and bottoms-up approach. Fault tree analysis, Failure mode and effects
analysis, Component reliability, Dispatch reliability, Markov analysis, Development
processes, Software and hardware, Product life cycle phases - concept, Definition,
design, Build, Test, Operate and disposal or refurbish, Major review processes,
Software development process, Verification and integration with hardware.

Text Books:
1. Aircraft Systems: Mechanical, Electrical and Avionics Subsystems Integration,,
Moir, I. and Seabridge, A., AIAA(American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics) 2001
2. Avionic systems Operation and Maintenance, JanesW.Wasson, JeppesenSandersen
Training products (SterlingBook House, Mumbai), 1994.
3. Civil Avionics Systems, , Moir, I. and Seabridge, A., AIAA (American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics) 2002
Reference Books:
1. Principle of Avionics, Albert Hel frick, Avionics Communications Inc., 2000
2. Elements Of Electronic Navigation, N.S.Nagaraja, Tata McGraw Hill, 1995.
3. Ground Studies for Pilots: Flight Instruments and Automatic Flight Control Systems,
, Harris, D., Blackwell Science,ISBN 0-632-05951-6 sixth edition 2004.
TERM WORK:
Minimum Ten Assignments based on above units

08

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part, II

3.Airport Planning and Operations


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3Hrs./ week
Practical: 2 Hrs./ week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks
OE : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduceairport management on an international level and systems
2 Give introduction to components of an airport and airfield
3 Introducebasics of airspace and air traffic control
4 Introduction toairport terminals and ground access, security
5 Give introduction toairport operations, airport financial management
6 Introduction toairport capacity and delay
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understandairport management on an international level and systems
2 Understand basiccomponents of an airport and airfield
3 Understandbasics of airspace and air traffic control
4 Understandairport terminals and ground access, security
5 Understand concepts ofairport operations, airport financial management
6 Understand and calculateairport capacity and delay
Unit I

Airports and Airport Systems


Introduction, Airport Management on an international level, Rules that govern
airport management, Airport ownership and organization, Airport organization
chart, Airport manager and public relations

06

Unit II

The Airfield
Components of an airport, The airfield, Navigation aids(NAVAIDS)located on
airfields, Air traffic control and surveillance facilities located on the airfield,
Weather reporting facilities located on airfields, Security infrastructure on
airfields

08

Unit III

Airspace And Air Traffic Control


Air traffic control management and operating infrastructure, Basics of air traffic
control, Current and future enhancements to air traffic control

06

Unit IV

Airport Terminals and Ground Access


Historical development of airport terminals, Components of airport terminal,
Airport ground access
Airport Security
Transportation Security Administration, Security at commercial service airports,
Security at general aviation airports

07

Unit V

Airport Operations Management

05

Unit VI

Pavement management, Aircraft rescue and firefighting(ARFF)Snow and ice


control, Safety inspection programs, Bird and wildlife hazard management
Airport Financial Management
Airport financial accounting, Revenue strategies at commercial airports, Pricing
of airport facilities and services, Variation in the sources of operating revenues,
Rise in airport financial burdens, Airport funding, Airport financing, Private
investment, Sale of the airport
Airport Capacity And Delay
Defining capacity, Factors affecting capacity and delay, Estimating capacity,
Simulation models, Defining delay, Estimating delay, Analytical estimates of
delay, Queuing diagram, Approaches to reducing delay, Administrative and
demand management

Text Books:
1.
Alexander T. Wells and Seth B. Young, Airport Planning and Management, (5th
Edition), McGraw,Hill,2004
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Norman Ashford and H. P. Martin Stanton, Airport Operations, Mc,Graw,Hill,


1999
Anne Graham, Managing Airports: An International Perspective, Butterworth,
Heinemann, 2003
RigasDoganis, The Airport Business, Routledge, 1992
Richard D Neufville, Airport Systems: Planning, Design and Management,
McGraw,Hill, 2002

TERM WORK:
Minimum Eight Assignments and Two Case, study reports to be submitted for
Term work on above topics.

08

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

4. Hypersonic Aerodynamics (Elective III)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs / week
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Enable basics in hypersonic aerodynamics
2 Introduce to numerical methods of hypersonic aerodynamics
3 Enable knowledge of inviscid hypersonic flows
4 Enrich the knowledge of viscous hypersonic flow theory
5 Study the viscous interaction in hypersonic Flows
6 Introduce to high temperature effects
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1
Understand the shock layers, entropy layers, low and high density flows.
Hypersonic flight paths, shock wave and expansion wave relations of in viscid
hypersonic flows
2
Understand local surface inclination, modified Newtonian Law, Newtonian theory,
tangent wedge or tangent cone and shock expansion methods
3
Understand approximate methods related to hypersonic small disturbance equation,
thin shock layer theory and exact method of characteristics of shock wave shapes
and correlations
4
Understand NavierStokes equations, boundary layer equations for hypersonic
flow, similar and non similar hypersonic boundary layers, hypersonic aerodynamic
heating
5
Understand Strong and weak viscous interactions, hypersonic shockwaves and
boundary layer interactions Role of similarity parameter for laminar viscous
interactions in hypersonic viscous flow
6
Understand the high temperature effects in the hypersonic flows

Unit I

Unit II

Unit III

FUNDAMENTALS OF HYPERSONIC AERODYNAMICS


Introduction to hypersonic aerodynamics, Differences between hypersonic
Aerodynamics and supersonic aerodynamics, Concept of thin shock layers,
Hypersonic flight paths, Hypersonic similarity parameters, Shock wave and
expansion wave relations of in viscid hypersonic flows.
SIMPLE SOLUTION METHODS FOR HYPERSONIC IN VISCID FLOWS
Local surface inclination methods, Newtonian theory-modified, Newtonian lawtangent wedge and tangent cone and shock expansion methods
HYPERSONIC INVISCID FLOWS
Approximate methods Hypersonic small disturbance equation and theory, Thin
shock layer theory, Exact methods of characteristics hypersonic shock wave shapes
and correlations.

08

05

07

Unit IV

Unit V

Unit VI

VISCOUS HYPERSONIC FLOW THEORY


Boundary layer equation for hypersonic flow, Hypersonic boundary layers, Self
similar and non self similar boundary layers, Solution methods for non self similar
boundary layers aerodynamic heating.

08

VISCOUS INTERACTIONS IN HYPERSONIC FLOWS


Introduction to the concept of viscous interaction in hypersonic flows-strong and
weak viscous interactions, Hypersonic viscous interaction similarity parameter,
Introduction to shock wave boundary layer interactions.

06

INTRODUCTION TO HIGH TEMPERATURE EFFECTS


Nature of high temperature flows, Chemical effects in air, Real and perfect gases,
Gibbs free energy and entropy, Chemically reacting mixtures-recombination and
dissociation

05

Text Books:
1. John. D. Anderson. Jr., Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dyanmics, Mc.
Graw hill Series, New York, 1996.
2. John. D. Anderson. Jr., Modern Compressible Flow With Historical Perspective,
Mc. Graw Hill Publishing Company, New York, 1996.
Reference Books:
1.

William H. Heiser and David T. Praff Hypersonic Air Breathing Propulsion,


AIAA Education Series.

2. John. T Bertin, Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics, published by AIAA Inc.,


Washington. D.C., 1994.
TERM WORK:
List of Experiments:
1 Study of High speed tunnels and their applications
2

Study of flow visualization techniques in high speed flows

Schlieren flow visualization over conical body at Hypersonic flow

Investigate the change in flow field over a conical body on introduction of spike

Flow investigation of the surface of a conical body using oil flow visualization at
Hypersonic speed
Study the flow field over a cavity at hypersonic flow using schlieren flow
visualization
Study of flow field on a protrusion using oil flow visualization

Study of shock wave and boundary layer interaction

Over expanded flow studies on a jet

10

Study of shock reflections inside an air intake at hypersonic speed

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

4. Air Traffic Control and Planning (Elective - III)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practical: 2hrs /week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce the concepts of air traffic need for planning and controlling.
2 Introduce the procedure of formation of aerodrome and its configuration and
requirements.
3 Introduce the design and air traffic control regulation
4 Introduce flight information alerting services, coordination, Emergency procedures
and rules of the air.
5 Introduce Aerodrome data, physical characteristics and obstacle restriction
6 Introduce air traffic management and its operations.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the concepts of Air Traffic need for Planning and Controlling.
2 Understandthe procedure of formation of aerodrome and its configuration and
requirements.
3 Understand the design and air traffic control regulation.
4 Understand the importance of flight information alerting services, coordination,Emergency
procedures and rules of the air.
5 Understand Aerodrome data, physical characteristics and obstacle restriction

6 Understand importance of Air traffic managementand its operations.


Unit I

BASIC CONCEPTS
Objectives of ATS,Parts of ATC, Service,Scope and Provision of ATCs ,VFR and
IFR operations, Classification of ATS air spaces, Varies kinds of separation,
Altimeter setting procedures ,Establishment, designation and identification of units
providing ATS ,Division of responsibility of control.

06

Unit II

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES


Area control service,Assignment of cruising levels, Minimum flight altitude ATS
routes and significant points, RNAV and RNP , Vertical, lateral and longitudinal
separations based on time / distance, ATC clearances, Flight plans, position report

06

UnitIII

FLIGHT INFORMATION ALERTING SERVICES, COORDINATION,


EMERGENCY PROCEDURES AND RULES OF THE AIR
Radar service, Basic radar terminology,Identification procedures using primary /
secondary radar ,Performance checks ,Use of radar in area and approach control
services,Assurance control and co-ordination between radar / non radar control
,Emergencies,Flight information and advisory service ,Alerting service ,Coordination and emergency procedures ,Rules of the air.

08

Unit IV

Unit V

Unit VI

AERODROME DATA, PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND


OBSTACLE RESTRICTION
Aerodrome data, Basic terminology, Aerodrome reference code, Aerodrome
reference point, Aerodromeelevation ,Aerodrome reference temperature
,Instrument runway, physical Characteristics, length of primary / secondary
runway ,Width of runways, Minimum distance between parallel runways etc.
,obstacles restriction.

07

VISUAL AIDS FOR NAVIGATION, VISUAL AIDS FOR


DENOTINGOBSTACLES EMERGENCY AND OTHER SERVICES
Visual aids for navigation Wind direction indicator ,Landing direction indicator
,Location and characteristics of signal area ,Markings, General requirements
,Various markings ,Lights, general requirements ,Aerodrome beacon,
identification beacon ,Simple approach lighting system and various lighting
systems ,VASI and PAPI - Visual aids for denoting obstacles; Object to be
marked and lighter ,Emergency and other services.

07

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT


Services provided to aircraft carriers, Government responsibilities, Flight rules and
airspace organization, Airways and procedures, Phases of flight, Subsystems,
Facilities and operations, System capacity, Airborne Collision Avoidance Systems

Text Books:
1. Avionics Navigation Systems,2nd Edition, Myron Kayton and Walter R.Freid, John
Wiley and Sons, Inc, 1997, ISBN 0-471-54795-6
2. AIP (India) Vol. I and II, The English Book Store, 17-1, Connaught Circus, New
Delhi.
Reference Books:
1. Aircraft Manual (India) Volume I, latest Edition ,The English Book Store, 171,Connaught Circus, New Delhi.
2. PANS ,RAC ,ICAO DOC 4444, Latest Edition, The English Book Store, 171,Connaught Circus, New Delhi.
Term Work:
Minimum Eight Assignments from above six modules.
Preferably visit to nearest Airport and a Case study based on that visit.

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part, II

4. Cryogenics (Elective - III)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures :3 hrs/week
Practical: 2hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory :100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims:
1 Enable fundamentals of cryogenics
2 Enable efficiency of cryogenic system
3 Enable knowledge on thermodynamic cycles for cryogenic plants
4 Enrich the knowledge on problems on cryo propellants
5 Give knowledge on cryogenic rocket engines
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand cryogenic liquids as propellants and handling problems
2 Understand losses and efficiency of cycles and thermodynamic efficiency
3 Understand classification of cryogenic cycles and thermo dynamic analysis
4 Understand different problems of propellants like storage, handling and leakage
5 Understand the system design system and its Performance
Unit I

BASICS OF CRYOGENIC PROPELLENTS


Introduction to cryogenic propellants , Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, Liquid
nitrogen and liquid nitrogen and liquid helium and their properties, Theory behind
the production of low temperature, Expansion engine, Heat exchangers ,Cascade
process, Joule Thompson effect , Magnetic effect, Cryogenic liquids as cryogenic
propellants for cryogenic rocket engines, Properties of various cryogenic
propellants: Ortho and Para H2 , Helium 4 and Helium 3 , Ideal cycles and
efficiency of cryo systems.

08

Unit II

CRYOGENIC SYSTEMSEFFICIENCY
Types of losses and efficiency of cycles ,Amount of cooling ,The features liquefied
,Cooling coefficient of performance ,Thermodynamic efficiency ,The energy
balancing method

06

Unit III

THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES FOR CRYOGENIC PLANTS


Classification of cryogenic cycles ,The Structure of cycles ,Throttle expansion
cycles ,Expander cycles ,Mixed throttle expansion and expander cycles
,Thermodynamic analysis ,Numerical problems.

06

Unit IV

PECULIAR PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CRYOPROPELLANTS

06

Storage problems of cryogenic propellants, Cryogenic loading Aerospace Materials


,Zero gravity problems associated with cryopropellants, Phenomenon of tank
collapse ,Geysering effect.

Unit V

CRYOGENIC ROCKET ENGINES


Peculiar design difficulties associated with the design of feed system, Injector and
thrust chamber of cryogenic rocket engines ,Relative performance of cryogenic
when compared to non,cryo engines.

06

Unit VI

PROPELLANT TESTING
Laboratory testing , Arc Image Furnace , Ignitability studies , Differential Thermal
Analysis , Thermo, Gravimetricanalysis , Particle size measurement
Micromerograph, Strand burner tests impulse bomb , Performance estimation.

04

Text Books:
1 Haseldom, G., Cryogenic Fundamentals, Academic Press, 1971.
2 Cornelissse, J.W., Rocket Propulsion and Space Dynamics, J.W. Freeman and Co.,
Ltd., London, 1980.
3 Barron, R.F., Cryogenic Systems, 2ndedition. Oxford University, 1985.

Reference Books:
1 Weisend, J. G., The Handbook of Cryogenic Engineering, Taylor and Francis
2 Sutton, G.P., Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley, 2012.
3 Hazel D.K. and Hungdh, Design of Liquid Propellant Rocket Engines, N.A.S.A.
Special Publications, 125, 1971.
4 Panrner, S.F. Propellant Chemistry, Reinhold Publishing Corp., N.Y 1985.
Term Work:
Minimum ten Assignments from above six units.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Cryogenic propellants and their properties,


Ideal cycles and efficiency of cryogenic systems.
Cryogenic cycles
Types of losses and efficiency of cycles
Thermodynamic analysis and numerical problems on cryogenic cycles
Problems associated with cryo-propellants
Design of feed system, Injector and thrust chamber of cryogenic rocket engines
and difficulties associated with it.
Performance comparison of cryogenic engines when with non-cryogenic
engines.
Different propellant testing methods
Study of CE-20 Cryogenic rocket engine
Study of RS-83Cryogenic rocket engine

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

4.Composite Material and Structures (Elective III)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introducecomposite materials their classification-types, types of other materials
2 Different fabrication processes and techniques involved
3 Review Stress-Strain relationship, applications and advantages of composite
materials
4 Introduce to Micro mechanics of materials approach, elasticity approach
5 Introduce to Macro mechanics: stress-strain relations with respect to natural axis,
arbitrary. Experimental characterization of lamina. Failure theories of a lamina
6 Introduce to Laminated Plates: governing differential equation, Angle ply and cross
ply laminates. Hygrothermal stresses and strains,Failure analysis. Impact resistance
and Interlaminar stresses.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Distinctly understand composite materials with classification, types of other
materials
2 Understand different fabrication processes and techniques involved
3 Relate practically Stress-Strain relationship, applications and advantages of
composite materials
4 Understand Micro mechanics of materials, approach, elasticity
5 UnderstandMacro mechanics with stress-strain relations and Experimental
characterization.
6 Understand laminated Plates and applygoverning differential equation, Angle ply
and cross ply laminates. Understanding hygrothermal stresses and strains, Failure
analysis. Impact resistance and Interlaminar stresses of laminates
Unit I

Unit II

Unit III

Unit IV

INTRODUCTION
Introduction to Composite Materials; Classification of composites, Fibrous
Composites, FRP constituents, Reinforcement types, Types of materials
(Isotropic, Orthotropic, Anisotropic; Homogeneous and Non-Homogeneous) and
terminology used.
FABRICATION PROCESSES
Various processing Techniques, Open mold processes, Closed mold processes,
Filament winding, Pultrusion,Netting analysis.
STRESS-STRAIN RELATSION
Introduction ,Advantages and application of composite materials, reinforcements
and matrices, Generalised Hookes Law, Elastic constants for anisotropic,
Orthotropic andisotropic materials.
MICROMECHANICS
Micro mechanics, Mechanics of materials approach, Elasticity approach,
boundingtechniques, Fiber volume ratio, Mass fraction, Density of composites,
Effect of voids in composites.

05

05

07

06

Unit V

Unit VI

MACROMECHANICS
Generalized Hookes Law, Elastic constants for anisotropic, Orthotropic and
isotropic materials, Macro mechanics, stress-strain relations with respect to
natural axis, arbitrary axis, Determination ofin plane strengths of a lamina,
Experimental characterization of lamina, Failure theories of a lamina,
Hygrothermal effects on lamina.
LAMINATED PLATES
Governing differential equation for a general laminate, Angle ply and cross ply
laminates, Hygrothermal stresses and strains in alaminate, Failure analysis of a
laminate, Impact resistance and Interlaminar stresses.

Text Books:
1. Calcote, L R. The Analysis of Laminated Composite Structures, Von
NoastrandReinhold Company, New York 1998.
2. Jones, R.M., Mechanics of Composite Materials, McGraw-Hill,
KogakushaLtd.,Tokyo, 1998, 2nd edition.
3. M H Datoo. MehcanicsOf Fibrous Composites, Elsevier, London.
Reference Books:
1. Agarwal, B.D., and Broutman, L.J., Analysis and Performance of Fibre
Composites,John Wiley and sons. Inc., New York, 1995.
2. Lubin, G., Handbook on Advanced Plastics and Fibre Glass, Von Nostrand
Reinhold
Co., New York, 1989.
Term Work:
Minimum Ten Assignments from above six units

08

06

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

4. Rocket and Missile Design (Elective-III)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practical: 2hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce rocket motion in free space and gravitational field.
2 Introduce staging and control of rockets and missiles and purpose.
3 Introduce aerodynamics of rockets and missiles.
4 Introduce different rocket propulsion systems and their need.
5 Introduce materials for rockets and missiles.
6 Introduce aerodynamic forces and moments, designconsiderations of hypersonic
vehicles
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the concepts of a rocket motion in free space and gravitational field.
2 Understand basics of staging and control of rockets and missiles with purpose.
3 Understand basics of aerodynamics of rockets and missiles.
4 Understanddifferent rocket propulsion systems and their need with applications.
5 Understand different materials used for rockets and missiles in different components.
6 Understandbasics of aerodynamic forces and moments, design considerations of
hypersonic vehicles.

Unit I

ROCKET MOTION IN FREE SPACE AND GRAVITATIONAL FIELD


One Dimensional and Two Dimensional rocket Motions in free space and Homogeneous
gravitational fields, Description of vertical, inclined and gravity turn trajectories,
Determination of range and altitude simple approximations to burnout velocity.

07

Unit II

STAGING AND CONTROL OF ROCKETS AND MISSILES


Multi-staging of rockets , Vehicle optimization, Stage Separation dynamics, Separation
techniques, Rocket thrust vector control methods.

06

Unit III

AERODYNAMICS OF ROCKETS AND MISSILES


Airframe Components of Rockets and Missiles, Forces Acting on a Missile While Passing
Through Atmosphere, Classification of Missiles, methods of Describing Aerodynamic
Forces and Moments, Lateral Aerodynamic Moment, Lateral Damping Moment and
Longitudinal Moment of a Rocket, lift and Drag Forces, Drag Estimation.

07

Unit IV

ROCKET PROPULSION SYSTEMS


Ignition System in rockets, types of Igniters, Igniters Design considerations,
Designconsideration of liquid rocket combustion chamber, injector propellant feed lines,
Valves, Propellant tanks outlet and helium pressurized and turbine feed systems, Propellant
slash and propellant hammer, Elimination of geysering effect in missiles,
Combustionsystem of solid rockets.

07

Unit V

MATERIALS FOR ROCKETS AND MISSILES


Selection of materials, Special requirements of materials to perform under adverse
conditions.

05

Unit VI

AERODYNAMIC FORCES AND MOMENTS and DESIGNCONSIDERATIONS OF


HYPERSONIC VEHICLES
Newtonian aerodynamic coefficients, Re-entry capsule aerodynamics, Shuttle orbiter
aerodynamics, X-15 aerodynamics, Hypersonic aerodynamics of research plane, Dynamic
stability considerations; Design Considerations, Reentry vehicles, Design philosophy,
Designconsiderations for rocket-launched/glide reentry vehicles, Airbreathing vehicles,
Combined rocket/airbreathing powered vehicles, Design of a new vehicle

07

Text Books:
1. Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics, John J. Bertin, AIAA Education Series, 1994
2. Sutton, G.P., et al., Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New
York,1993.

Reference Books:
1. Mathur, M., and Sharma, R.P., Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion,
Standard Publishers, New Delhi 1998.
2. Cornelisse, J.W., Rocket Propulsion and Space Dynamics, J.W., Freeman and Co.
Ltd.,London, 1982.
3 Parker, E.R., Materials for Missiles and Spacecraft, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., 1982.

Term Work:
MinimumTen Assignments from following topics
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Rocket Motions in free space and Homogeneous gravitational fields


Determination of range and altitude
Burnout velocity
Multi-staging of rockets
Rocket thrust vector control methods.
Aerodynamic Forces and Moments Acting on a Missile
Classification of Missiles
Igniters types and design considerations
Combustion system of solid rockets
Materials for rockets and missiles
Re-entry capsule aerodynamics

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

5. Satellite Communication and Navigation (Elective IV)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs/week
Practical: 2 hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Differentiate the satellite links and performance parameters analysis of links, design
of satellite links for corresponding c/n.
2 Get knowledge about multiple access systems and network aspects in existing and
planned subsystems.
3 Explain various error coding techniques and analyze propagation effects on satellite
links.
4 Explain hyperbolic system of navigation
5 Describe the different satellite navigation systems
6 Explain different integrated navigation techniques
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand the uplinks and downlink and design of a satellite having performance
parameters as constraints.
2 Interpret the multiple access systems in networks on various platforms.
3 Implement error coding and detection techniques and analyze propagation effects.
4 Understand hyperbolic system of navigation.
5 Understand and compare various navigation techniques such as GPS.
6 Understand the integrated navigation systems

Unit I

Satellite Link Design


Introduction, Basic transmission theory, System noise temperature and G/T Ratio,
Design of downlinks, Satellite systems using small earth stations, Uplink Design,
Design of Specified C/N : Combining C/N and C/I values in satellite links, system
design examples

Unit II

Modulation, Multiple Access and multiplexing techniques for Satellite


Links
Digital Transmission, Digital modulation and demodulation, Digital
transmission of analog signal, TDM, FDMA, TDMA, DAMA, CDMA

Unit III

Error control and Propagation effects on Satellite Links


Error detection and correction, Channel capacity, Error control coding,
Convolution codes, Implementation of error detection on satellite links,
Quantifying attenuation and depolarization, Propagation effects that are not
associated with hydrometers, Rain and ice effects, Prediction of rain attenuation,
Propagation impairment counter measures.

Unit IV

Hyperbolic System of Navigation


Introduction: Kinds of navigation; LORAN Systems; DECCA; OMEGA, Very
high frequency Omni-Directional Range (VOR), DME and TECAN, Aids to
approach and landing

Unit V

Introduction to GPS and Satellite Navigation


Introduction, Radio and satellite navigation, GPS position location principles, GPS
receivers and codes, Satellite signal acquisition. GPS navigation message, GPS
Signal levels, Timing accuracy, GPS receiver operation, GPS C/A Code accuracy,
Differential GPS,Transit system,NAVSTAR

Unit VI

Inertial Navigation Systems:


Principles of operation, Navigation over the earth, Components of an INS, Earth
coordinate mechanism, Strapped down systems, Accuracy of INS

Text Books:
1. Satellite Communications Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian, Jeremy Allnutt - John Wiley
and
Sons (2nd Edition)
2. Elements of Electronics Navigation, 2nd Edition, N. S. Nagraja, TMH.
Reference Books:
1. Satellite Communications Dennis Roddy, Third Edition, Mc Graw Hill
International Edition 2001.
2. Fundamentals of Radar Signal Processing, Mark A Richards, TMH.
3. Radar principles, Peebles Jr. P. Z., Wiley, NY.
List of Experiments:
1
Active/passive satellite, uplink/downlink and transponders.
2
Telecom and Telemetry
3
RS 232 satellite communication link using RS 232 ports
4
Propagation delay of signal in a satellite communication link.
5-10 Six practicals using MATLAB on relevant topics.
Note: Students, as a part of their term work, should visit satellite earth station and submit a
report of visit.
Term Work:
Minimum eight assignments and eight experiments out of list, apart from submission of
report after visiting satellite ground-station as per above syllabus.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

5. Probability and Statistics (Elective-IV)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3Hrs. / week
Practical: 2 Hrs. / week

Examination Scheme
Theory :100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1

Apply the basic rules and theorems of probability theory such as Bayes Theorem,
to determine probabilities that help to solve engineering problems and to determine
the expectation and variance of a random variable from its distribution.

Appropriately choose, define and/or derive probability distributions such as the


Binomial, Poisson and Normal etc to model and solve engineering problems.

Learn how to formulate and test hypotheses about means, variances and proportions
and to draw conclusions based on the results of statistical tests.

Understand how regression analysis can be used to develop an equation that


estimates how two variables are related and how the analysis of variance procedure
can be used to determine if means of more than two populations are equal
55 Understand the fundamentals of quality control and the methods used to control
systems and processes.

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1

Acquire basic concepts of Probability and Statistical techniques for solving


mathematical problems which will be useful in solving engineering problems

Unit I

PROBABILITY
Sample space and events, Probability, The axioms of probability, Some
Elementary theorems - Conditional probability, Bayes theorem, Random
variables, Discrete andcontinuous.

05

Unit II

DISTRIBUTIONS
Binomial , Poisson and normal distributions related properties, Sampling
distributions, Sampling distribution of means ( known and Unknown)

05

Unit III

TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS- I
Tests of hypothesis point estimations, Interval estimations Bayesian estimation.
Large samples, Null hypothesis, Alternate hypothesis type Iand type II errors,
Critical region confidential interval for mean testing of single variance,
Difference between the mean.

10

TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS - II
Confidential interval for the proportions, Tests of hypothesis for the proportions
single and difference between the proportions.

Unit IV

SMALL SAMPLES
Confidence interval for the t- distribution, Tests of hypothesis, t- distributions,
F- distributions 2 distribution, Test of Hypothesis.

10

CORRELATION and REGRESSION


Coefficient of correlation, Regression Coefficient, The lines of regression, The
rank correlation
Unit V

QUEUING THEORY
Arrival Theorem - Pure Birth process and Death Process M/M/1 Model.

04

Unit VI

STOCHASTIC PROCESSES
Introduction to Stochastic Processes, Markov process classification of states,
Examples of Markov Chains, Stochastic Matrix, limiting probabilities.

06

Text Books:
1 Probability and Statistics by D.K. Murugesanand P.GuruSwamy, Anuradha
Publications.
2 Probability and Statistics for Engineers by G.S.S.BhismaRao, Scitech Publications.
Reference Books:
1 Probability and Statistics by T.K.V.IyengarandB.Krishna Gandhi and Others,
S.Chand.
2 Probability and Statistics by William Mendenhall and Others, Cengage Publications.
3 Higher Engineering Mathematics by B.S. Grewal, Khanna Publications.
4 Higher Engineering Mathematics by Jain and S.K.R. Iyengar, Narasa Publications.
5 A first course in Probability and Statistics by B.L.S. PrakasaRao, World Scientific.
6 Probability and Statistics for Engineers, Miller and John E. Freund, Prentice Hall of
India

Term Work
Minimum six assignments.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Numerical problems on probability


Numerical problems on distributions
Numerical problems on testing of hypothesis
Numerical problems on small samples & correlation and regression
Numerical problems on queuing theory
Numerical problems on stochastic processes

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

5. Engineering Design Optimization (Elective IV)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3hrs / week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks

Practical: 2hrs / week

TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce engineering design optimization its terminology, concepts, importance,
classification and applications.
2 Introduce basics of classical optimization techniques: single variable optimization,
multivariable optimization with equality and inequality constraints
3 Introduce techniques of linear programming simplex methodand applications.
4 Introduce techniques of non linearprogrammingand applications.
5 Introduce techniques of unconstrained optimization techniques and applications.
6 Introduce genetic algorithm and neural network based optimization techniques from
aeronautical and aerospace perspective.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand and apply the techniques of engineering design optimization, concepts.
2 Understand and apply the techniques ofclassical optimizationsingle and
multivariable optimization with equality and inequality constraints
3 Understand and apply the techniques oflinear programming through simplex
method
4 Understand and apply techniques ofnonlinear programming through different
methods
5 Understand and apply techniques ofunconstrained optimization through different
methods
6 Understand and apply the techniques ofgenetic algorithm and neural network based
optimization and applications.
Unit I

Introduction and Basic Concepts


Review of differential calculus and matrix algebra. Optimization meaning,
Engineering applications with special reference to design, Statement of optimization
problem, Classification of optimization problem

Unit II

Classical Optimization Techniques


Single variable optimization: Local and global minima and maxima, Necessary
and sufficient conditions, stationary point
Multivariable optimization: Necessary and sufficient conditions, Hessian Matrix
of a function, Positive/negative definite and semi definite matrix, saddle point.
Multivariable optimization with equality constraint: Solution by direct
substitution.
Multivariable optimization with inequality constraint: Kuhn Tucker conditions.

Unit III Linear Programming- Simplex method

Introduction, Application, general form, Solution by graphical method and Simplex


algorithm, Construction of Simplex tableau, Dual Simplex Method, Sensitivity
analysis, Minimization versus maximization problems, Quadraticprogramming.
Unit IV Non Linear Programming One dimensional minimization methods

Unit V

Unrestricted search with fixed step size and with accelerated step size
Exhaustive search
Fibonacci method
Golden Section method
Direct Methods: Newton Method and Quasi Newton Method

Unconstrained Optimization Techniques:

Indirect search (descent) Methods: Gradient of a function, Evaluation of gradient,


Rate of change of function along a direction
Steepest descent method
Fletcher Reeves method
Newtons method
Unit VI Introduction to Genetic Algorithm and Neural Network based optimization:
(Elementary treatment with only applications and examples for Aeronautics and
Aerospace).
Aircraft control system and need for adaptive controlfor Aircraft overall
performance, Distributedgenetic algorithm application for aircraft structural
optimization, Only applications and examples.

Text Books:
1. Ranjit Kumar, (2006), Research Methodology A Step-By-Step Guide for Beginners,
(Pearson Education, Delhi) ISBN : 81-317-0496-3
2. Dr S.S. Rao, Optimization Theory and Applications, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Age
International, New Delhi, 2nd Edition, 1994
3. Operations Research by S. D. Sharma; KedarNath Publishers
4. Optimization Techniques by G S SBhishmaRao; Scitech Publications
5. Wilkinson K.P.L. Bhandarkar, Formulation of Hypothesis, Himalaya Publishing House
Reference Books:
1. Ross P.J., Taguchi Techniques for Quality Engineering, TMH, 2005.
2. Engineering Optimization Methods and Applications by Ravindran et al; Wiley Student
edition
3. Optimization in Engineering design Algorithms and Examples by K. Deb; Prentice Hall
4. Optimum Design by J. Arora; McGraw Hill
5. Quantitative Techniques in Management by N. D. Vora; Tata McGraw Hill
6. Operations Research by Panneerselvam; Prentice Hall of India
7. Fox R.L., Optimization Methods for Engineering Design, Addison Wesley, 1971.
Term Work
Six assignments based on following topics.
1. Optimization meaning Statement of optimization problem,

2. Numerical on classical Optimization Techniques- Single variable


optimization and Multivariable optimization
3. Linear Programming
4. Non Linear Programming
5. Unconstrained Optimization Techniques
6. Genetic Algorithm and Neural Network based optimization

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

5. Reliability Engineering (Elective IV)


Teaching Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs/ Week
Practical: 2 Hrs/ Week

Examination Scheme
Theory : 100 Marks
TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce principles of reliability in engineering design.
2 Develop understanding of concepts of failures, maintainability and availability of the
intended products/systems and services.
3 Develop an ability to analyze field failure data in order to evaluate system reliability.
4 Develop an ability to apply various reliability techniques to solve problems related to
aeronautical engineering.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Explain basics of reliability, maintainability and availability and differentiate
among them.
2 Apply fundamentals of reliability to estimate reliability of electronics devices,
softwares and human.
3 Analyze field failure data for reliability analysis.
4 Evaluate system reliability using various techniques.
Unit I

Fundamentals and Measures of Reliability


Brief history, Concepts, Terms and definitions, Safety, reliability and quality, Life
cycle of a system, System effectiveness, Concept of failure, Theory of probability
and reliability, Laws of probability, Random variables, Discrete and continuous
probability distributions.
Measures: Reliability function, Hazard rate function, CDF, PDF, MTTF, MTBF,
Median time to failure, Mean, Mode, Median, Skewness, Kurtosis, Variance and
standard deviation, Typical forms of hazardrate function, Bathtub curve and
conditional reliability.

07

Unit II

Basic Reliability Distributions


Constant Failure Rate (CFR) model, Binomial distribution, Normal, Poisson,
Lognormal, Rayleigh, Weibull, Exponential etc., Fitting probability distributions
graphically and estimation of distribution parameters, Renewal and Poisson
process, Calculation of R(t), F(t), f(t), (t), MTTF, tmed, tmode for above

06

distributions.
Unit III

Reliability Evaluation of Systems


System reliability block diagram- Series configuration,Parallel configuration,
Mixed configurations, Redundant systems, Standby redundant, High level versus
low level redundancy, K-Out-of-n redundancy, Network reduction and
decomposition methods, Cut and tie set approach for reliability evaluation, Fault
tree analysis (FTA), Success tree diagram, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
(FMEA), Failure Modes Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA).
Maintainability and Availability
Maintainability -Objectives of maintenance, Types of maintenance,Concept of
maintainability, Measures of maintainability, Mean time to repair (MTTR),
Analysis of downtime, Repair time distributions, Stochastic point processes,
Reliability centered maintenance (RCM).
Availability -Availability concepts and definitions, Important Availability
measures, inherent, Achieved and operational availability.

07

Unit V

Reliability Testing and Data Analysis


Reliability Testing - Reliability life testing, Burn-in testing, Acceptancetesting,
Accelerated life testing, Highly Accelerated Life Testing (HALT) and reliability
growth testing.
Data Collection and Analysis - Data collection and empirical methods,
Estimation of performance measures for ungrouped compete data, Grouped
complete data, Analysis of censored data, Pareto analysis, Goodness-of-fit tests.

07

Unit VI

Electronic, Software and Human Reliability


Electronics - Reliability of electronic components, Component types and failure
mechanism.
Software Introduction, Errors, Software testing, Hardware/ Software interface.
Human Reliability analysis (HRA) - Introduction, Human error in
maintenance,Impact on system reliability.

06

Unit IV

Text Books:
1. Charles E. Ebling, 2004, An Introduction to Reliability and Maintainability Engineering,
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, New Delhi.


L. S. Srinath, 1991, Reliability Engineering, East West Press, New Delhi.
Alessandro Birolini, 2010, Reliability Engineering: Theory and Practice, Springer.
Roy Billiton and Ronald Norman Allan, 1992, Reliability Evaluation of Engineering
Systems: Concepts And Techniques, Springer.
Patrick D.T. OConner, David Newton, Richard Bromley, 2002, Practical Reliability
Engineering, John Wiley and Sons.
Joel A. Nachlas, 2005, Reliability Engineering: Probabilistic Models and Maintenance
Methods Taylor and Francis.

Reference Books:
1. Guangbin Yang, 2007, Life Cycle Reliability Engineering, John Wiley and Sons.
2. W. R. Blischke, D.N.P. Murthy, 2003, Case studies in Reliability and Maintenance, John
Wiley and Sons.
3 Andrew Kennedy, Skilling Jardine, Albert H. C. Tsang, 2006, Maintenance, Replacement
and Reliability: Theory and Applications, CRC/Taylor and Francis.
4. B. S. Dhillon, Chanan Singh, 1981, Engineering Reliability New Techniques and
Applications, John Wiley and Sons.
5. B. S. Dhillon, 1999, Engineering Maintainability, Prentice Hall of India.

07

TERM WORK:
A. Six assignments based on above syllabus.
B.Minimum Two Case Studies on system reliability estimation.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

5. Management Information System (Elective - IV)


Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Lectures : 3 Hrs/Week
Practical: 2 Hrs / week

Theory : 100 Marks


TW : 25 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
1 Introduce purpose of data, information, and information systems, right to
information, exemption from disclosure of information, grounds for rejection to
access in certain cases; CIC; SIC-Powers and functions.
2 Introduction to information technology and different tools: hardware and software.
3 Understand tools of business networks and telecommunication with applications,
web enabled commerce
4 Introduction to decision support and business intelligence, knowledge management
and data analysis
5 Introduction to planning, acquisition, and control their issues.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1 Understand and interpret Purpose of data, information, and information systems.
right to information, special cases and cic; sic-powers and functions.
2 Understand information technology and different tools: hardwareand software.
3 Acquaint tools of business networks and telecommunication with applications, web
enabled commerce.
4 Understand decision support and business intelligence, knowledge management and
data analysis
5 Understand planning, acquisition, and control their issues.

Unit I

Information Age and Strategic uses of Information Systems:


Information Age
An overview: The purpose, data, Information, and information systems and their
types, Ethical and societal issues, Information systems in business functions, Web
empowered enterprises.
Uses of Information Systems and Right to Information
Strategies and Strategic moves,Achieving a competitive advantage, Creating and
maintaining strategic information systems, Business functions and supply chains,
Effectiveness and efficiency, Accounting, Finance, Engineering, Supply chain
management, Human resource management, Enterprise resource planning.
Right to Information
Right to information act 2005- Short title, Extent and commencement, Definitions
Right to information and obligations of public authorities; Request for obtaining
information; Exemption from disclosure of information, Grounds for rejection to
access in certain cases; The Central Information Commission; The State
Information Commission; Powers and functions of the Information Commissions,
appeal and penalties; Miscellaneous

10

Unit II

Information Technology
Business Hardware , Components, Classification of computers, Output devices,
Storage media and purchasing.
Business Software , Programming languages and software development tools,
Language translation, Compilers and interpreters, System software, Open source
software, Software licensing, Ethical issues.

05

Unit III

Business Networks and Telecommunication:


Telecommunication in Business and daily use, Bandwidths and Media, Networks,
protocols, Internet networking services, Telecommuting , Pros and cons, Future of
Networking Technologies.

05

Unit IV

Web Enabled Commerce:


Web enabled enterprises , Web business and technologies, Web enabled business,
Challenges of Global InformationSystems , Multinational organizations,
International commerce, Ethical issues.

04

Unit V

Decision Support and Business intelligence:


Decision support and expert systems , Decision support and decision making
process, Structured and unstructured problems, Decision support systems, Expert
systems, Geographical systems, Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management
, Data Mining and online analysis, Knowledge management.

06

10
Unit VI Planning, Acquisition, and Control:
Systems Planning and Development , Planning Information systems, Systems
development life cycle, Agile methods, Systems integration, Ethical issues, IS
professionals certification.
Choices in Systems Acquisition:
Options and Priorities, Outsourcing, Licensing applications, Software as a service,
User application development, Ethical issues, Computer use policies for employees.
Text Books:
1.
Management Information Systems, Effy Oz, CengageLearning,India Edition, 2009.
Management Information Systems, James A OBrien, Irwin, 9thEdition ., McGraw
Hill.
Reference Books:
2.

1. Management Information Systems, LaudonandLaudon, PHI 1998Ed.


ISBN 81-203-1282-1
2. Management Information systems, S.Sadagopan, Prentice Hall ofIndia, 1998 Ed.
ISBN 81-203-1180-9
3. Information systems for Modern Management G.R.Murdick PHI2002.
Online Links: (Right to Information)
https://rtionline.gov.in/;
http://www.humanrightsinitiative.org/programs/ai/rti/india/user_guide/user_guide.htm
http://rti.india.gov.in/manual4.php
Term Work:
Minimum Ten Assignments to be submitted for term work as per above units.

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR


B.E. (Aeronautical Engineering) Part- II

6. Project Phase II
Teaching Scheme

Examination
Scheme

Practical: 4 hrs / week

TW : 75 Marks
OE : 50 Marks

Course Objectives:
The course aims to:
Students will be able to solve problems related with Aeronautical or Aerospace
engineering using knowledge of mathematics, basic sciences, Aeronautical engineering and
relevant engineering disciplines and skills developed during graduation studies to
demonstrate:
i)

Ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret


data.

ii)

Ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired


specifications within realistic constraints.

iii)

Ability to function on multidisciplinary teams.

iv)

An ability to identify, formulate, and solveengineering problems.

v)

Understanding of professional and ethical responsibility and ability to


communicate effectively.

vi)

Understand impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic,


environmental and societal context.

vii) Recognize need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.


viii) Awareness of contemporary issues and ability to use the techniques, skills and
modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
ix)

Ability to find out, articulate the local industrial problems and solve with the
use of Aeronautical Engineering tools for realistic outcomes.

Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able/expected to:
Demonstrate and realize all the above mentioned abilities with respect to
Aeronautical Engineering and Allied Disciplines which may also include interdisciplinary engineering abilities and skills.