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VISSIM 8 INTRODUCTION WORKSHOP

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SIGIT W. PRASETYA
Director TRANSFORUM
PTV Certified Trainer
sigit@transforum.co.id

THE TRANSPORTATION CHALLENGES


OF TODAY AND TOMORROW

Urbanization
Accessibility
&
affordability
of transport
services

Insufficient
road safety

?
Climate
change &
GHG,
pollution,
noise

Motorization

Congestion

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Page 3

THE TRANSPORTATION CHALLENGES


OF TODAY AND TOMORROW

Transportation
Planning

Public
Transport

Road Safety

Transportation
Network /
Model

Reduction of
GHG, Noise,
Pollution

Traffic
Engineering

Traffic
Management

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Page 4

TRANSPORTATION MODELLING ANSWERING QUESTIONS!


of new road infrastructure

of Public Transport changes

of new
developments

New
Commercial
zone

of mobilty pricing
Maut
Peage

of regulative actions

of demographical
changes

Of changing
fuel costs

1 ,9 9

Diesel

1 ,9 5

of new signal programs


Program 1
tC = 60s
tg1= 20s
tg2= 28s

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Super

Program 2
tC = 90s
tg1= 30s
tg2= 48s
Page 4

Transportation Modeling Approaches


Modeling of individual vehicles and their interactions
(PTV Vissim)
Modeling of individual
vehicles which move
through the network based
on macroscopic properties

Modeling of individual
vehicles but based on
simplified assumptions
regarding their behaviors

Vehicles move through the


network as packages of
vehicles

Cell based approaches

Modeling of traffic using the relationship between


aggregated quantities like flow, speed, density
(PTV Visum)

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Transportation Modeling Tools

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WHEN TO USE PTV VISION TRAFFIC SUITE?

Regional and Citywide


Strategic Planning

Visum

Large-scale Traffic Studies,


Small-scale Plans
Localized Operations, Traffic
Impact Analyses / Studies for
Improvement Identification
Detailed Operational Analysis /
Design Analysis

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Vistro

Vissim
Page 7

What is VISUM?
1. Transportation Planning Platform
2. Integrated Multimodal Network Model

3. Windows Interface
4. Extensive GIS Functionalities
5. Advanced Environment for Assignment
6. Analysis and Optimisation of Networks

7. Transportation Intelligence for public


and private transport

Short Introduction to
Transportation Modelling
Travel Demand modelling
Assignment

How do we model travel demand?


Which destination ?

Demand for activities ?

caf 1

3000m

Which mode ?

caf 2

caf 3

Which route ?
By foot?
By bike?
By car?
By PuT?

1
caf 3
caf 3

Traffic demand models the famous 4 steps


1. Trip Generation

2. Trip Distribution

3. Mode Choice

4. Assignment

Analysing Transport Demand


Desire Lines
to display structure and volumes
of O-D relations,
typically based on an aggregate
matrix (main zones)

What is an assignment?

What is an assignment?

The first iteration

30min

60min

The solution: the equilibrium

13min

16min

28min

25min

SOME BASICS
PTV VISION SUITE
STRATEGIC PLANNING

OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS

REAL-TIME TRAFFIC
MANAGEMENT

PTV Vissim
Planning tool for detailed, operational level analysis
Multi-modal microscopic simulation

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Page 17

OVERVIEW OF SIMULATION MODELING WITH VISSIM


Some previous applications of VISSIM includes:
Feasibility and traffic impact studies
Easy comparison of design alternative (stop sign and signalised controlled intersection,
roundabouts, grade separated interchanges, etc)
Capacity and operations analyses of complex station (rail and bus systems)
Evaluation and optimisation of traffic operations (coordinated and actuated traffic
signals)
Evaluation and fine tuning of signal control logic using VAP and built in signal control
packages such as SCATS, SCOOT
Pedestrian flows in streets and buildings allow for a wide range of new applications

The VISSIM package internally consists of two parts


Traffic simulator
Microscopic traffic flow simulation model; including car following and lane change logic

Signal state generator


Signal control software
Taking detector information from traffic simulator (time step basis down to 1/10 of a sec)
Determines the signal state for the next time step and returns this to the traffic simulator

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Page 18

KAJI SOFTWARE
1997 and NEVER updated

Pendekatan empiris di kota-kota besar di Indonesia


saat itu kemudian diformulasikan dengan varian
penyesuaian yang mempengaruhi perilaku lalu
lintas
Terbatas pada aplikasi sebuah segmen tertutup;
tidak dapat mengukur kinerja jaringan keseluruhan
Data volume menggunakan Satuan Mobil
Penumpang (SMP) sehingga lalu lintas yang
digunakan selalu mengasumsikan besaran mobil
penumpang
Kapasitas dasar dihitung berdasarkan jumlah lajur
mobil karena satuan yang dipakai adalah SMP

DOS/Windows 97/XP/Vista
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VISSIM SOFTWARE
First
developed
Analysis
method

1992 and ALWAYS updated

Scope of
application

Ruang lingkup aplikasi berkisar dari berbagai isu


untuk tujuan ilustrasi dan komunikasi untuk publik

Base volume
input

Data volume menggunakan Satuan Kendaraan


dengan simulasi multi-modal mampu
memperhitungkan lebih dari satu jenis lalu lintas

Capacity
factor

OS Computer

Pendekatan empiris di wilayah kajian saat ini


kemudian disimulasikan sesuai dengan model
dasar lalu lintas dari pergerakan kendaraan

Kapasitas jalan dipengaruhi oleh jumlah lajur jalan,


karakteristik dan perilaku pergerakan kendaraan

Windows 7/8/10
Page 19

OVERVIEW OF SIMULATION MODELING WITH VISSIM


What is the maximum network size that VISSIM can handle?
There is no built-in limit to the network size that VISSIM can handle
Maximum network size is only limited by computer resources
Apart of hardware, the simulation speed mainly depends on the number vehicles
simultaneously simulated in the network, number of signal controls, and number
of possible paths (when dynamic assignment is used)
What are typical times to create a VISSIM network?

The geometric coding can be finished within few hours for the simple 4-leg junctions
Coding an existing signal control depends heavily on the on the control logic
What is general process for developing a VISSIM model?
There is 5 steps to developing a VISSIM model, i.e.:
a) Identification of model scope (geographic and temporal)
b) Data collection and preparation
c) Base model development (network coding)
d) Error Checking
e) Model calibration and validation
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Page 20

DATA REQUIREMENTS
GEOMETRIC DATA
Roadway segments length, width, gradient and number of lanes
Intersection length, width, gradient and number of lanes include lane designations and the
storage length of designated turn pocket.
Field observations are required to determine unusual network geometry and driving behavior

TRAFFIC DATA
Speed changes, intersection control device (e.g. stop, yield and signal head), locations and signaltiming plans
The location where vehicles modify their desired speeds are also required. Speed changes in
VISSIM can be temporary or permanent.
Speed in VISSIM is defined as a distribution rather than a fixed value; its an important parameter
that has a significant influence on roadway capacity and achievable travel speeds.
Link entry volumes can be defined for different time period in terms of vehicles per hours if time
period is different from one hour.

VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS
Vehicle compositions and dimensions include maximum acceleration and maximum deceleration
Default setting passenger car, single-unit truck, trailer truck, single-unit bus and articulated bus
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Page 21

DATA REQUIREMENTS

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Page 22

DATA REQUIREMENTS
SIGNAL CONTROL
SIGNAL CONTROLLER TYPES IN VISSIM
Signal Control

SG Based
Controller

fix.

Type

act.

Vissig
Stage Based

VAP/VisVAP

ext.

Virtual Controller:
SCOOT, SCATS,

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External Controller:
RBC, McCain, D4

Other External
Controller:
Signal API, COM
Page 23

DATA REQUIREMENTS
SIGNAL CONTROL
VAP/VISVAP: ACTUATED SIGNAL CONTROL
Flowchart based programming
SG based or stage based

Any kind of signal control logic


Vehicle Actuation

PT Preemption

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Page 24

MODEL DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS


Network
- Roadway
- Transit

Traffic
- Vehicles & Routing
- Behavior

NETWORK

Control
- Unsignalized
- Signals

Results &
Interfacing

CONTROL

VISSIM uses a link-connector structure to provide a


flexible representation of the network geometry. Links
are the basic network element representing roadway
segments with a specific direction; and they are
connected by Connectors for continuing traffic.

Its required to define how traffic behaves in case


conflicting movements. The control element in a VISSIM
network include stop signs, conflict areas, priorities rules
and signal heads for intersection control; speed reduction
areas and desired speed decision points for speed
changes; and routing decision points for routing control.

TRAFFIC
Traffic building block is used to represent the vehicular
movements in the network. Traffic demand in VISSIM is
specified by traffic composition, Vehicle volume, and
travel routes.
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Page 25

Results and Interfacing


Simulation

Video

Aggregated
Results

Raw Data
(Protocols)
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Page 26

Simulation Result:
INTEGRATION WITH PUBLIC TRANSPORT

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Page 27

Simulation Result:
SIMULASI SIMPANG

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Page 28

RESULTS
Aggregated Results

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Raw Data (Protocols)

Page 29

RESULTS IN LISTS

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Can also be exported to


text files and data bases

Page 30

AGENDA : VISSIM 8 - INTRODUCTION WORKSHOP


Session #1

Session #2

Background Image

Node Results

Developing Model Network

Parking Lots

Vehicle Inputs and Static Routes

Static 3D Models

Signal Controller (fixed time)

3D Traffic Signals

Conflict Area & Priority Rules

AVI Recording

INSTALATION

Select ENGLISH
then click NEXT
Double Left Click

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Page 32

Advanced

Basic Tutorial

PTV VISSIM
TRAINING COURSES
Modelling Basics Using Microscopic
Traffic Flow Simulation with PTV Vissim
(3 days)

Modelling VehicleActuated Signal


Programs with VisVAP
(1 day)

Pedestrian simulation
with PTV Viswalk
(1 day)

Extending PTV Vissim


using the COM
interface
(1 day)

Individual training and In-house training : Available on request

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Page 33

http://cgi.ptvgroup.com/php/lng/vision_student_download.php?lng=en

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Page 34

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Page 35

Size of software packages


VISUM size
0
1
2
3
4
5
Number of zones
100
400
1,000
3,000
5,000
7,500
Number of time profiles
1,000
10,000 30,000
50,000
80,000 120,000
VISSIM size
unlimited unlimited unlimited
Number of signalized intersections
3
20
50
Size of road network lin X- or Y- directions (km) 1.5 x 1.5 10 x 10 100 x 100 unlimited unlimited unlimited
Pedestrian simulation size
Maximum number of pedestrians simultaneously
10,000 50,000 100,000
in system

WHO ARE PTV CUSTOMERS WORLDWIDE?

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About TRANSFORUM
TRANSFORUM = TRANSportation FORUM
TRANSFORUM is professional training provider, independent research group and
consulting firm; partnering with central and local authorities, the banking sector, and
private entities, in providing multidisciplinary knowledge and microscopically analysis with
range of issues especially in TRANSPORT and INFRASTRUCTURE development. We have
been working close to many clients to accommodate the interest group of investors,
operators, lenders, communities and regulators within knowledge and expertise sharing in
terms of transport services and infrastructure provision in Indonesia. In several years
operation, we have trained more than 1,000 professionals and decision makers in the
prominent companies of Indonesia

2008

Company
Incorporation

2009 PTV

Partner
Engagement

26 Customers
50+ Licenses

160+ Users
(Academic, Public, Private)

Distribution map of the existing customers


VISWALK,
6%

Banda Aceh

VISTRO, 6%

VISUM,
29%

Medan

Palembang

Jakarta

Semarang
Lampung

Banjarmasin
Surabaya

Bandung
Yogyakarta

Jember

Bali

Makassar

VISSIM,
59%

global customers

academia perspectives

PTV locations worldwide

Branches
Partners

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